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1.
Codas ; 31(5): e20180274, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721913

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To verify the effect of dog intervention on the regular session of speech therapy for developmental stuttering in adults. METHODS: The study involved young adults and adults with developmental stuttering. The study sample was composed of eight participants, six males and two females, ranging in age from 16 to 45 years. Participants were divided into two groups: G1 - those who underwent treatment for stuttering with the presence of a dog-therapist in the therapy room and G2 - those who underwent treatment for stuttering without the presence of the dog therapist. We included a control group, G3, composed of fluent participants, matched in age and sex to G1 and G2 to control the natural variability of speech fluency. RESULTS: Comparative results between the groups indicated that the group that performed the treatment without the presence of the dog achieved better performance, evolution and efficacy rates. CONCLUSION: for the population in this study, the dog intervention on speech therapy did not improve treatment.


Assuntos
Terapia Assistida por Animais/métodos , Fonoterapia/métodos , Gagueira/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Animais , Cães , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Adulto Jovem
2.
CoDAS ; 31(5): e20180274, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1039609

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo Verificar o efeito da intervenção do cão na sessão regular de terapia fonoaudiológica para a gagueira do desenvolvimento em jovens adultos. Método Foram selecionados jovens adultos e adultos com diagnóstico de gagueira do desenvolvimento. Concluíram o estudo oito participantes, seis do sexo masculino e dois do sexo feminino, com idades variando entre 16 e 45 anos. Os participantes foram divididos em dois grupos: G1 - que realizou o tratamento para gagueira com a presença de um cão terapeuta em sala de terapia e G2 - que realizou o tratamento para gagueira sem a presença do cão terapeuta. Foi incluído um grupo controle, G3 - composto por participantes fluentes, pareado em idade e sexo ao G1 e G2, para controle da variabilidade natural da fluência da fala. Resultados A análise comparativa entre os grupos indicou que o grupo que realizou o tratamento sem a presença do cão alcançou melhores índices de performance, evolução e eficácia. Conclusão Para a população pesquisada neste estudo, não foi observado efeito da intervenção do cão na terapia fonoaudiológica.


ABSTRACT Purpose To verify the effect of dog intervention on the regular session of speech therapy for developmental stuttering in adults. Methods The study involved young adults and adults with developmental stuttering. The study sample was composed of eight participants, six males and two females, ranging in age from 16 to 45 years. Participants were divided into two groups: G1 - those who underwent treatment for stuttering with the presence of a dog-therapist in the therapy room and G2 - those who underwent treatment for stuttering without the presence of the dog therapist. We included a control group, G3, composed of fluent participants, matched in age and sex to G1 and G2 to control the natural variability of speech fluency. Results Comparative results between the groups indicated that the group that performed the treatment without the presence of the dog achieved better performance, evolution and efficacy rates. Conclusion for the population in this study, the dog intervention on speech therapy did not improve treatment.

3.
PLoS One ; 13(6): e0199054, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29912919

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the frequency of speech disruptions across different speech tasks, comparing the performance of individuals with Parkinson's Disease (PD) and DS. METHOD: Participants were 20 people with PD, 20 people with DS and 40 fluent individuals. Speech samples were recorded during monologue speech, choral and solo oral reading. Transcriptions of 200 fluent syllables were performed to identify stuttering-like disfluencies (SLDs) and other disfluencies (ODs). RESULTS: People with PD presented significantly less speech disruptions when compared to people with DS, but significantly more speech disruptions than the control group. Stuttering-like disfluencies ocurred more frequently during monologue speech and solo oral reading for both PD and DS, whereas the control group did not present difference between these tasks. CONCLUSION: The stuttering pattern presented by people with PD is different from what is usually described as being neurogenic stuttering.


Assuntos
Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Distúrbios da Fala/etiologia , Gagueira/complicações , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Leitura , Fala , Distúrbios da Fala/epidemiologia , Medida da Produção da Fala
4.
Codas ; 29(2): e20160136, 2017 Mar 16.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28327784

RESUMO

Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the speech performance of fluent speakers and individuals who stutter during spontaneous speech, automatic speech, and singing. Methods: The study sample was composed of 34 adults, 17 individuals who stutter and 17 fluent controls, matched for gender and age. The speech performance of participants was compared by means of three tasks: monologue, automatic speech, and singing. The following aspects were assessed: total number of common disruptions and total number of stuttering-like disruptions. Results: Statistically significant difference was observed only for the monologue task in both intra- and inter-group comparisons. Conclusion: The outcomes of this study indicate that tasks of higher motor and melodic complexities, such as the monologue task, negatively affect the speech fluency of both fluent speakers and individuals who stutter.


Assuntos
Fala/fisiologia , Gagueira/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Canto , Medida da Produção da Fala , Adulto Jovem
5.
CoDAS ; 29(2): e20160136, 2017. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-840114

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo O objetivo do estudo foi comparar a performance de fala do indivíduo com gagueira e do indivíduo fluente em tarefa de fala espontânea, tarefa de fala automática e a tarefa de canto. Método Participaram deste estudo 34 adultos, 17 com gagueira e 17 fluentes, pareados por gênero e idade. O estudo comparou o desempenho dos participantes em três tarefas de fala: monólogo, fala automática e canto. Foi analisado o número total de rupturas comuns e gagas. Resultados A tarefa de monólogo foi a única que apresentou diferenças estatisticamente significativas, tanto nas comparações intragrupos quanto nas comparações intergrupos. Conclusão O estudo mostrou que tarefas de maior complexidade motora e melódica, como a tarefa de monólogo, prejudica a fluência da fala, tanto em indivíduos com gagueira quanto em indivíduos fluentes.


ABSTRACT Purpose The aim of this study was to compare the speech performance of fluent speakers and individuals who stutter during spontaneous speech, automatic speech, and singing. Methods The study sample was composed of 34 adults, 17 individuals who stutter and 17 fluent controls, matched for gender and age. The speech performance of participants was compared by means of three tasks: monologue, automatic speech, and singing. The following aspects were assessed: total number of common disruptions and total number of stuttering-like disruptions. Results Statistically significant difference was observed only for the monologue task in both intra- and inter-group comparisons. Conclusion The outcomes of this study indicate that tasks of higher motor and melodic complexities, such as the monologue task, negatively affect the speech fluency of both fluent speakers and individuals who stutter.

6.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 71(3): 152-5, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27074176

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In this study, we compared the performance of both fluent speakers and people who stutter in three different speaking situations: monologue speech, oral reading and choral reading. This study follows the assumption that the neuromotor control of speech can be influenced by external auditory stimuli in both speakers who stutter and speakers who do not stutter. METHOD: Seventeen adults who stutter and seventeen adults who do not stutter were assessed in three speaking tasks: monologue, oral reading (solo reading aloud) and choral reading (reading in unison with the evaluator). Speech fluency and rate were measured for each task. RESULTS: The participants who stuttered had a lower frequency of stuttering during choral reading than during monologue and oral reading. CONCLUSIONS: According to the dual premotor system model, choral speech enhanced fluency by providing external cues for the timing of each syllable compensating for deficient internal cues.


Assuntos
Retroalimentação Sensorial/fisiologia , Fala/fisiologia , Gagueira/fisiopatologia , Estimulação Acústica/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Leitura , Medida da Produção da Fala , Gagueira/classificação , Adulto Jovem
7.
Clinics ; 71(3): 152-155, Mar. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-778993

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In this study, we compared the performance of both fluent speakers and people who stutter in three different speaking situations: monologue speech, oral reading and choral reading. This study follows the assumption that the neuromotor control of speech can be influenced by external auditory stimuli in both speakers who stutter and speakers who do not stutter. METHOD: Seventeen adults who stutter and seventeen adults who do not stutter were assessed in three speaking tasks: monologue, oral reading (solo reading aloud) and choral reading (reading in unison with the evaluator). Speech fluency and rate were measured for each task. RESULTS: The participants who stuttered had a lower frequency of stuttering during choral reading than during monologue and oral reading. CONCLUSIONS: According to the dual premotor system model, choral speech enhanced fluency by providing external cues for the timing of each syllable compensating for deficient internal cues.


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Retroalimentação Sensorial/fisiologia , Fala/fisiologia , Gagueira/fisiopatologia , Estimulação Acústica/métodos , Leitura , Medida da Produção da Fala , Gagueira/classificação
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