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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246455, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278524

RESUMO

Abstract The inheritance of the seedless fruit characteristic of Annona squamosa has not yet been explained. Molecular techniques may aid breeding programs, mainly in the assisted selection of the target gene. The INO gene may be related to seed development in these fruits. The objective of the present paper was to investigate the inheritance of seedlessness in the 'Brazilian seedless' sugar apple and INO gene conservation in Annona squamosa and Annona cherimola x Annona squamosa genotypes by assessing their homology with the INO database genes. The F1 generation was obtained by crossing the mutant 'Brazilian seedless' (male genitor) (P1) with the wild-type A. squamosa with seeds (M1 and M2, female genitors). The INO gene was studied in mutant and wild-type A. squamosa (P1, M1, M2 and M3) and in the Gefner atemoya (A. cherimola x A. squamosa) (M4) cultivar. The DNA was extracted from young leaves, and four sets of specific primers flanking the INO gene were amplified. The seedless characteristic was identified as stenospermatic in the fruits of parental P1, suggesting monogenic inheritance with complete dominance. High sequence similarity of the INO gene amplifications in the sugar apple accessions (M1, M2, M3) and the atemoya cultivar Gefner (M4) reinforces the hypothesis of their conservation.


Resumo A herança da característica de fruto sem sementes de Annona squamosa ainda não foi esclarecida. Técnicas moleculares podem auxiliar em programas de melhoramento, principalmente na seleção assistida do gene de interesse. O gene INO pode estar relacionado ao desenvolvimento da semente dessas frutas. O objetivo foi investigar a herança da ausência de sementes em Annona squamosa e a conservação do gene INO nos genótipos Annona squamosa e Annona cherimola x Annona squamosa avaliando sua homologia com banco de dados de genes INO. A geração F1 foi obtida pelo cruzamento do mutante 'Brazilian seedless' (genitor masculino) (P1) com o tipo selvagem com sementes (A. squamosa) (M1 e M2, genitores femininos). O gene INO foi estudado em A. squamosa, mutante e selvagem (P1, M1, M2 e M3) e na cultivar Gefner atemoya (A. cherimola x A. squamosa) (M4). O DNA foi extraído de folhas jovens, e quatro conjuntos de primers específicos flanqueando o gene INO foram amplificados. A característica sem sementes foi identificada como estenospermática nos frutos do parental P1, sugerindo herança monogênica com dominância completa. A alta similaridade de sequência das amplificações do gene INO nos acessos de pinha (M1, M2, M3) e na cultivar de atemóia Gefner (M4) reforça a hipótese de sua conservação.

2.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e246455, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34161463

RESUMO

The inheritance of the seedless fruit characteristic of Annona squamosa has not yet been explained. Molecular techniques may aid breeding programs, mainly in the assisted selection of the target gene. The INO gene may be related to seed development in these fruits. The objective of the present paper was to investigate the inheritance of seedlessness in the 'Brazilian seedless' sugar apple and INO gene conservation in Annona squamosa and Annona cherimola x Annona squamosa genotypes by assessing their homology with the INO database genes. The F1 generation was obtained by crossing the mutant 'Brazilian seedless' (male genitor) (P1) with the wild-type A. squamosa with seeds (M1 and M2, female genitors). The INO gene was studied in mutant and wild-type A. squamosa (P1, M1, M2 and M3) and in the Gefner atemoya (A. cherimola x A. squamosa) (M4) cultivar. The DNA was extracted from young leaves, and four sets of specific primers flanking the INO gene were amplified. The seedless characteristic was identified as stenospermatic in the fruits of parental P1, suggesting monogenic inheritance with complete dominance. High sequence similarity of the INO gene amplifications in the sugar apple accessions (M1, M2, M3) and the atemoya cultivar Gefner (M4) reinforces the hypothesis of their conservation.


Assuntos
Annona , Annonaceae , Annona/genética , Brasil , Frutas/genética , Melhoramento Vegetal , Sementes/genética
4.
Int J Impot Res ; 29(6): 219-224, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28424504

RESUMO

Population with chronic kidney disease (CKD) has had many problems, and some of these have arisen from sexual disorders. The present study intends to determine the prevalence and the associated factors with erectile dysfunction (ED) among patients with CKD on conservative treatment (CKDCT). This transversal study was conducted from May 2013 to December 2015. The tools used were: medical records and the International Index of Erectile Function. Data were analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Among 245 patients that have participated of this study, ED was present in 71.02% and it was severe in 36.73%. Age greater than 50 years, body mass index lower than 25, diabetes mellitus, stages IV/V of CKD, cardiac conduction disturbances, benign prostatic hyperplasia, smoking, alcohol use, albumin <3.5 g per 100 ml and creatinine clearance between 15 and 29 ml min-1 per 1.73 m2 were associated with ED. Time of CKD was the only variable associated with ED independent of the presence of other factors. ED prevalence in patients with CKDCT is high and it is severe in more than half of them. Several factors are associated with ED in this population but the principal one is the time of CKD.


Assuntos
Disfunção Erétil/epidemiologia , Hiperplasia Prostática/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Tratamento Conservador , Estudos Transversais , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Fatores de Risco
5.
Genet Mol Res ; 15(3)2016 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27706739

RESUMO

Water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) are quite well adapted to climatic conditions in the Amazon, and in this biome, they are noted for the considerable amount of meat and milk they produce and how hard they are able to work. Because of a lack of research dedicated to improving the rearing of buffaloes in the Amazon, the objective of this study was to genetically characterize the Murrah and Mediterranean breeds, as well as a mixed-breed population, based on polymorphisms in the diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase 1 gene (DGAT1), and associate the genotypes with milk production. By using the polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformation polymorphism technique, the alleles A (0.79), B (0.20), and D (0.01) were found in the Murrah breed. In the Mediterranean and mixed-breed buffaloes, we found alleles A (0.69) and (0.77) and B (0.31) and (0.23), respectively. The Murrah breed had the genotypes AA (0.63), AB (0.29), BB (0.05), and AD (0.03), and the Mediterranean and mixed-breed buffaloes had the genotypes AA (0.44) and (0.61), AB (0.50) and (0.31), and BB (0.06) and (0.08), respectively. For the Murrah, Mediterranean, and mixed-breed buffaloes, respectively, the expected heterozygosity values were 0.34, 0.43, and 0.35, the inbreeding coefficients were 0.78, -0.15, and 0.17, and the Hardy-Weinberg probabilities were 0.70, 0.67, and 0.52. The genotypes evaluated did not have an effect on milk production; however, the single nucleotide polymorphisms can be used in studies on genetic variability.


Assuntos
Búfalos/genética , Diacilglicerol O-Aciltransferase/genética , Variação Genética , Alelos , Animais , Diacilglicerol O-Aciltransferase/metabolismo , Genótipo , Leite/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética
6.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 28: 107-110, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27693869

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Intussusception in adult is rarely caused by idiopathic conditions. Main causes are inflammatory diseases, benign or malignant tumors and motility disorders. As a benign cause, lipomas appear as a particularly rare gastrointestinal intraluminal tumor occurring with highest incidence in the colon, mostly in the caecum and ascending colon. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 57-year-old male patient was admitted at the surgical emergency in Belo Horizonte, with history of chronic and intermittent diffuse abdominal pain, associated with variations of his bowel habits and rare episodes of vomiting starting around 3days prior to admission. DISCUSSION: Intussusception is the cause of adult symptomatic bowel obstruction in 1% of the cases and its colocolonic occurrence represents 17% of all intestinal intussusceptions in adults. The reported case presents itself as even rarer considering its evaluation according to the epidemiological statistics of 1:5 men/women ratio and lipoma's most common location being the right colon. Intussusception and intestinal obstructions caused by intraluminal lipomas are not often described in the literature and its occurrence is directly related to its size, usually larger than 2cm diameter. The management of lipomatous intraluminal lesions of the colon is traditionally surgical, and it allows a selective resection, depending on the size of the tumor, length of intussusception, and the amount of inflammation. CONCLUSION: Patients with chronic abdominal symptoms and semi-obstruction caused by intussusception are rarely diagnosed before surgery unless there is a high index of suspicion. Colonoscopy contributes to diagnosis given that it provides direct visualization and biopsy.

7.
J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) ; 100(6): 1090-1096, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26857346

RESUMO

In this study, we evaluated the requirements of calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), magnesium (Mg), sodium (Na) and potassium (K) for sheep hair growth. Experimental diets contained different levels of metabolizable energy [ME; 0.96, 1.28, 1.72, 2.18 and 2.62 Mcal/kg of dry matter, (DM), corresponding to 4.23, 5.64, 7.58, 9.61 and 11.55 MJ/kg DM]. The lambs' hair (n = 48) at 2 months of age presented an average body weight (BW) of 12.05 ± 1.81 kg. At the beginning of the experiment, eight animals were slaughtered as a reference group to estimate the initial empty body weight and body composition. Net mineral requirements (g/day) ranged from 0.73 to 0.71 g of Ca, 0.51 to 0.49 g of P, 0.026 to 0.026 g of Mg, 0.16 to 0.19 g of Na and 0.15 to 0.13 g of K for animals with a BW ranging from 15 to 30 kg and a daily gain of 100 g. The results of this study indicate that the net macromineral requirements for weight gain in Morada Nova lambs are different from the values commonly recommended by the Agricultural and Food Research Council.


Assuntos
Cálcio/metabolismo , Magnésio/metabolismo , Necessidades Nutricionais , Fósforo/metabolismo , Ovinos , Ração Animal/análise , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal , Animais , Composição Corporal , Peso Corporal , Cálcio/administração & dosagem , Dieta/veterinária , Magnésio/administração & dosagem , Fósforo/administração & dosagem , Clima Tropical
8.
Genet Mol Res ; 14(2): 6472-81, 2015 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26125852

RESUMO

Attalea vitrivir Zona (synonym Orbignya oleifera) is one of the six species of Arecaceae known as "babassu". This species is used to make cosmetics, food, and detergents due to the high concentration of oil in the seeds. It is found only in fragmented areas of southern Bahia State and northern Minas Gerais State, southeast Brazil, and this fragmentation has affected both its ecological and genetic characteristics. We evaluated the genetic diversity and population genetic structure of A. vitrivir in six areas of two different regions at the extremes of its geographical range, in order to gain a better understanding of the factors that affect the distribution and partitioning of its diversity. Nine inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers amplified 74 polymorphic bands, resulting in large diversity values (Shannon diversity index, 0.37-0.47; intrapopulation genetic diversity, 0.25-0.34). Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) revealed considerable differentiation between sampling sites (30.03%) and regions (12.08%), although most of the diversity was observed within sampling sites (69%). Further differentiation between sampling sites was noted more in the northern region than in the southern region, highlighting the genetic connectivity between the sampling sites within Rio Pandeiros Environmental Protection Area (southern region). The identification of two distinct genetic clusters (K = 2) corresponded to the northern and southern regions, and corroborated the AMOVA results. We suggest that the northern area, outside Rio Pandeiros Environmental Protection Area, must be included in future management plans for this species.


Assuntos
Arecaceae/genética , Variação Genética , Genética Populacional , Brasil , DNA de Plantas/genética , Genótipo , Repetições de Microssatélites , Filogenia
9.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 17(4,supl.1): 798-806, 2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-770361

RESUMO

RESUMO O presente estudo investigou a indução de morte celular por apoptose pelo flavonóide morina e pelo extrato da folha de oliveira (Oleaeuropaea L.) em linhagens de células de câncer de pulmão do tipo não pequenas (H460). O tratamento com morina e o extrato de oliveira em células H460 resultou na redução do crescimento tumoral e indução de morte celular avaliados pelos ensaios de MTT e lactato desidrogenase (LDH) e a morte celular por apoptose confirmada por microscopia de fluorescência e análise por citometria de fluxo. Os dados indicaram que o flavonóide morina e o extrato de oliveira diminuíram a viabilidade celular para taxas percentuais de 7,22± 1,54% e 62,37± 2,85% nas concentrações de 800µM e µg/mL, respectivamente. As maiores taxas percentuais de morte celular por apoptose foram100% para morina na concentração de 800µM e 70,49 ± 5,91% para o extrato de oliveira na concentração de 800 µg/mL. Estes resultados foram associados com a alteração do potencial de membrana mitocondrial, cujos valores são de 54,91% para morina na concentração de 400µM e 42,2% para o extrato de oliveira na concentração de 800 µg/mL sugerindo envolvimento da via intrínseca da morte celular por apoptose. Portanto, morina e o extrato de oliveira afetaram a viabilidade celular da linhagem H460 induzindo morte celular por apoptose.


ABSTRACT This study investigates possible apoptosis induction mechanism by the flavonoid morin and the olive leaf extract (Olea europaea L.) in non-small lung cancer cells (H460). The treatment with morin and olive leaves extract resulted in growth inhibition and induction of apoptosis in H460 cells lines measured by the MTT assay methods and confirmed by fluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry analysis. The data indicated that themurin and the extract of olive decreased the cell viability percentage rates of 7.22 ± 1,54% and 62.37 ± 2,85% in the concentrations of 800 µM and µg/mL, respectively. The highest percentage rates of cell death by apoptosis were 100% for themorin in a concentration of 800 µM and 70.49 ± 5.91% for the olive extract in a concentration of 800 µg/mL. These findings were associated with altered mitochondrial membrane potential, whose value is 54.91% for the murin concentration of 400 µM and 42.2% for the olive extract in a concentration of 800 mg / mL, suggesting involvement of the intrinsic pathway of cell death by apoptosis. Therefore, the morin and the olive extract affect the cell viability of H460 cell lines inducing cell death by apoptosis.


Assuntos
Morte Celular , Flavonoides , Olea/classificação , Apoptose , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico
10.
Carbohydr Polym ; 111: 385-92, 2014 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25037365

RESUMO

A previous study showed that a chitosan mouthwash would be a valid alternative to current mouthwashes as it demonstrated, in vitro, significantly higher antibiofilm activity than two commercial mouthwashes. As such, the aim of this work was to verify the safety of the developed product and to validate, in vivo, the biological activity ascertained in vitro. Chitosan mouthwash safety was evaluated through Ames, MTT and V79 chromosomal aberration assay while antimicrobial activity was evaluated through in vivo assays. The results showed that the chitosan mouthwash was safe, presenting lower cytotoxicity than a commercial mouthwash, and that it effectively reduced viable counts of Streptococcus spp. and Enterococcus spp. by ca. 5.5 log of CFU. Furthermore, in direct comparison with a commercial mouthwash the chitosan mouthwash possessed significantly higher antimicrobial activity. The conjunction of these results proves that the chitosan mouthwash is a safe, effective, natural alternative to the existent chemical mouthwashes.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos Locais/farmacologia , Quitosana/farmacologia , Antissépticos Bucais/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Infecciosos Locais/química , Anti-Infecciosos Locais/toxicidade , Linhagem Celular , Quitosana/química , Quitosana/toxicidade , Aberrações Cromossômicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Cricetulus , Enterococcus/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Antissépticos Bucais/química , Antissépticos Bucais/toxicidade , Testes de Mutagenicidade , Infecções Estreptocócicas/prevenção & controle , Streptococcus/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 65(1): 275-280, fev. 2013. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-667566

RESUMO

As variantes gênicas da beta-lactoglobulina (β-LG) e da kappa-caseína (κ-CN) bovinas são associadas à produção, qualidade e características de processamento do leite. O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar as frequências dos genótipos AA, AB e BB, por meio da técnica de PCR-RFLP, da β-LG e da κ-CN bovinas, e suas associações com a produção de leite (kg leite/dia) em bovinos das raças Girolanda, Holandesa e Jersey. Para a κ-CN, a frequência do genótipo AA foi maior nos animais das raças Holandesa (37%) e Girolanda (63%). Na raça Jersey, houve predomínio do genótipo BB (60%). Para a β-LG, o genótipo AB foi o mais encontrado nas raças Girolanda (54%) e Holandesa (58%), enquanto nos animais da raça Jersey houve predomínio do genótipo BB (45%). Houve associação do alelo B da κ-CN com maior produtividade leiteira nas raças Girolanda e Holandesa, e do alelo A da β-LG com maior produtividade de leite na raça Jersey. As variantes genéticas da κ-CN podem ser usadas como marcadores na seleção para a produtividade leiteira nas raças Girolanda e Holandesa. Para a raça Jersey, as variantes da β-LG seriam mais adequadas para essa seleção.


Bovine beta-lactoglobulin (β-LG) and kappa-casein (κ-CN) genic variants are associated with productivity, quality and processing features of milk. The objective of this study was to analyze through the PCR-RFLP technique, the frequency of AA, AB and BB genotypes of bovine β-LG and κ-CN, and their association to milk production (kg milk/day) in Girolanda, Holstein and Jersey cattle. For κ-CN, the frequency of the AA genotype was higher in Holstein (37%) and Girolanda (63%), while there was a predominance of the BB genotype in Jersey (60%). For β-LG, the BB genotype was the most found in Girolanda (54%) and Holstein (58%), while there was a predominance of the BB genotype (45%) in Jersey. There was a positive association between B allele of κ-CN and milk production in the Girolanda and Holstein cattle and between A allele of β-LG and milk production in the Jersey cattle. Genetic variants of κ-CN could be used as markers for the selection for productivity in Girolanda and Holstein cattle. The genetic variants of β-LG would be more appropriate for this selection in the Jersey breed.


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Bovinos , Bovinos/fisiologia , Leite/fisiologia , Polimorfismo Genético/fisiologia , Caseínas/análise , Lactoglobulinas/análise
12.
Phytomedicine ; 20(1): 71-6, 2012 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23092722

RESUMO

Indole alkaloids ellipticine (1), cryptolepine triflate (2a), rationally designed 11-(4-piperidinamino)cryptolepine hydrogen dichloride (2b) and olivacine (3) (an isomer of 1) were evaluated in vitro against Plasmodium falciparum and in vivo in Plasmodium berghei-infected mice. 1-3 inhibited P. falciparum (IC50≤1.4 µM, order of activity: 2b>1>2a>3). In vitro toxicity to murine macrophages was evaluated and revealed selectivity indices (SI) of 10-12 for 2a and SI>2.8×10² for 1, 2b and 3. 1 administered orally at 50mg/kg/day was highly active against P. berghei (in vivo inhibition compared to untreated control (IVI)=100%, mean survival time (MST)>40 days, comparable activity to chloroquine control). 1 administered orally and subcutaneously was active at 10 mg/kg/day (IVI=70-77%; MST=27-29 days). 3 exhibited high oral activity at ≥50 mg/kg/day (IVI=90-97%, MST=23-27 days). Cryptolepine (2a) administered orally and subcutaneously exhibited moderate activity at 50mg/kg/day (IVI=43-63%, MST=24-25 days). At 50 mg/kg/day, 2b administered subcutaneously was lethal to infected mice (MST=3 days) and moderately active when administered orally (IVI=45-55%, MST=25 days). 1 and 3 are promising compounds for development of antimalarials.


Assuntos
Antimaláricos/uso terapêutico , Aspidosperma/química , Elipticinas/uso terapêutico , Alcaloides Indólicos/uso terapêutico , Malária/tratamento farmacológico , Fitoterapia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Quinolinas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antimaláricos/farmacologia , Elipticinas/isolamento & purificação , Elipticinas/farmacologia , Feminino , Alcaloides Indólicos/isolamento & purificação , Alcaloides Indólicos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Malária/parasitologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Plasmodium berghei/efeitos dos fármacos , Plasmodium falciparum/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinolinas/isolamento & purificação , Quinolinas/farmacologia
13.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-593801

RESUMO

O consumo de café tem sido associado ao menor risco de diabetes tipo 2 (DM2). Evidências epidemiológicas sugerem que o alto consumo de café pode reduzir o risco de diabetes mellitus. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito de tinturas de café torrado e moído nos níveis plasmáticos de colesterol, trigliceróis e glicose em ratos diabéticos. A indução do diabetes foi realizada através da administração intraperitoneal de aloxano e as tinturas foram elaboradas utilizando café torrado e moído. Após 30 dias de tratamento, foram realizadas determinações bioquímicas. As tinturas de café solúvel promoveram aumento nos níveis de colesterol e as percentagens de redução das concentrações de glicose e triacilglicerídeo variaram entre 20 e 24% e entre 51 a 57%, respectivamente. A partir dos resultados obtidos, concluiu-se que os tratamentos com o café solúvel sustentam a hipótese de que o café está associado ao menor risco de DM2.


The consumption of coffee has been associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes (DM). Epidemiological evidence suggests that high consumption of coffee may reduce the risk of diabetes. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of a tincture (hydroethanolic extract) of roasted and ground coffee on plasma levels of cholesterol, triglycerides and glucose in diabetic rats. The diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal administration of alloxan. The induced diabetic rats were then treated for 30 days by gavage with various doses of the coffee tincture. After the treatment, biochemical blood tests were carried out on the rats. The coffee tincture provoked moderately increased levels of cholesterol, but the concentrations of glucose and triglycerides were reduced by 20-24% and 51-57%, respectively. From these results, it was concluded that the treatment with coffee extract supports the hypothesis that coffee is associated with a lower risk of type 2 DM.


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Aloxano , Café , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Tinturas Vegetais Secas , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Tinturas Vegetais Frescas , Ratos Wistar
14.
Mol Cell Biol ; 30(3): 764-80, 2010 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19948886

RESUMO

Semaphorins and their receptors, plexins, are emerging as key regulators of various aspects of neural and nonneural development. Semaphorin 4D (Sema4D) and B-type plexins demonstrate distinct expression patterns over critical time windows during the development of the murine neocortex. Here, analysis of mice genetically lacking plexin-B1 or plexin-B2 revealed the significance of Sema4D-plexin-B signaling in cortical development. Deficiency of plexin-B2 resulted in abnormal cortical layering and defective migration and differentiation of several subtypes of cortical neurons, including Cajal-Retzius cells, GABAergic interneurons, and principal cells in vivo. In contrast, a lack of plexin-B1 did not impact on cortical development in vivo. In various ex vivo assays on embryonic forebrain, Sema4D enhanced the radial and tangential migration of developing neurons in a plexin-B2-dependent manner. These results suggest that Sema4D-plexin-B2 interactions regulate mechanisms underlying cell specification, differentiation, and migration during corticogenesis.


Assuntos
Neocórtex/embriologia , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo , Semaforinas/metabolismo , Animais , Movimento Celular/genética , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Mutação/genética , Mutação/fisiologia , Neocórtex/citologia , Neocórtex/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Neurônios/citologia , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética , Deleção de Sequência/genética , Deleção de Sequência/fisiologia
15.
Neuroscience ; 155(1): 7-16, 2008 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18565681

RESUMO

The present study investigates the effects of divalent and trivalent manganese (Mn(2+)/Mn(3+)) mixture inhalation on mice to obtain a novel animal model of Parkinson disease (PD) inducing bilateral and progressive cell death in the substantia nigra compacta (SNc) and correlating these alterations with motor disturbances. CD-1 male mice inhaled a mixture of 0.04 M manganese chloride (MnCl(2)) and manganese acetate (Mn(OAc)(3)), 1 h twice a week for 5 months. Before Mn exposure, animals were trained to perform motor function tests and were evaluated each week after the exposure. By doing this, overall behavior was assessed by ratings and by videotaped analyses; by the end of Mn exposure period, animals were killed. The mesencephalon was processed for tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunocytochemistry. After 5 months of Mn mixture inhalation, mice developed evident deficits in their motor performance manifested as akinesia, postural instability and action tremor. SNc of the Mn-exposed animals showed an important decrease (67.58%) in the number of TH-immunopositive neurons. Our data provide evidence that MnCl(2) and Mn(OAc)(3) mixture inhalation produces similar morphological and behavioral alterations to those observed in PD providing a useful experimental model for the study of this neurodegenerative disease.


Assuntos
Acetatos/toxicidade , Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Cloretos/toxicidade , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Exposição por Inalação , Compostos Organometálicos/toxicidade , Doença de Parkinson , Animais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Comportamento Alimentar/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Compostos de Manganês , Camundongos , Atividade Motora/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença de Parkinson/etiologia , Doença de Parkinson/metabolismo , Doença de Parkinson/patologia , Desempenho Psicomotor/efeitos dos fármacos , Substância Negra/metabolismo , Substância Negra/patologia , Fatores de Tempo , Tirosina 3-Mono-Oxigenase/metabolismo
16.
J Appl Toxicol ; 28(6): 718-23, 2008 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18059072

RESUMO

Vanadium (V) derivatives are well-known environmental pollutants and its toxicity has been related with oxidative stress. Toxicity after vanadium inhalation on the substantia nigra, corpus striatum, hippocampus and ependymal epithelium was reported previously. The purpose of this study was to analyse the role of matrix metalloproteinases 2 (MMP-2) and 9 (MMP-9) in the changes observed in brain tissue after chronic V inhalation. Mice were exposed to vaporized, vanadium pentoxide 0.02 m in deionized water for 1 h twice a week, and killed at 1 h, 1, 2 and 4 weeks after exposure. The brain was removed and the olfactory bulb, prefrontal cortex, striatum and hippocampus were dissected and the MMP content was obtained by zymography. The results showed that MMP-9 increased in all the structures at the end of the exposure, although in the hippocampus this increment was evident after 1 week of exposure. When MMP-2 was analysed in the olfactory bulb and prefrontal cortex it remained unchanged throughout the whole exposure, while in the hippocampus it increased at week 4, while in the striatum MMP-2 increased from the second week only, through the whole experiment. These results demonstrate that V increased MMPs in different structures of the CNS and this change might be associated with the previously reported modifications, such as dendritic spine loss and neuronal cell death. The modifications in MMPs could be related with blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption which was reported previously. Oxidative stress might also be involved in the activation of these gelatinases as part of the different mechanisms which take place in V toxicity in the CNS.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Central/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema Nervoso Central/enzimologia , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Vanádio/toxicidade , Administração por Inalação , Animais , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/enzimologia , Química Encefálica/efeitos dos fármacos , Densitometria , Eletroforese em Gel de Poliacrilamida , Masculino , Camundongos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Vanádio/administração & dosagem
17.
Int J Dent Hyg ; 5(2): 75-81, 2007 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17461958

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This review of the literature intends to evaluate the effect of brushes with high frequency motion when compared with manual toothbrushes regarding the indices of plaque and gingival bleeding. METHODS: Patients presenting gingivitis and/or chronic periodontitis were evaluated in addition to patients having osseointegrated implants and fixed orthodontic appliances. Pertinent literature was reviewed to select articles according to previously defined inclusion criteria. RESULTS: In the assessed studies results showed significant decreases in plaque and gingival indices by utilization of both types of brushes. However, in the selected studies where sonic brushes were tested in orthodontic and dental implant patients there was a more significant decrease in the indices. Furthermore, there was no indication of gingival recession attributed to product use. CONCLUSION: Future studies with a more homogeneous methodology and better experiment designs will be needed.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Gengivite/prevenção & controle , Escovação Dentária/instrumentação , Dispositivos para o Cuidado Bucal Domiciliar , Implantes Dentários , Humanos , Aparelhos Ortodônticos , Periodontite/terapia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Terapia por Ultrassom
18.
Maturitas ; 52(3-4): 181-9, 2005.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16257609

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To obtain data on correlates of climacteric symptoms in women around menopause attending menopause clinics in Italy. METHODS: Since 1997 a large cross sectional study has been conducted on the characteristics of women around menopause attending a network of first level menopause outpatient's clinics in Italy. A total of 66,501 (mean age 54.4 years) women are considered in the present paper. RESULTS: The odds ratios of moderate and severe hot flashes/night sweats were lower in more educated women and (for severe symptoms only) in women reporting regular physical activity. Depression, difficulty to sleep, forgetfulness and irritability tended to be less frequent in more educated women and (depression only) in women reporting regular physical activity. Parous women reported more frequently these symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: This large study confirms in Southern European population that low education, body mass index and low physical activity are associated with climacteric symptoms. Parous women are at greater risk of psychological symptoms.


Assuntos
Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/estatística & dados numéricos , Climatério/fisiologia , Menopausa/fisiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Climatério/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Dieta , Escolaridade , Feminino , Cefaleia/epidemiologia , Fogachos/epidemiologia , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Estado Civil , Menopausa/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , História Reprodutiva , Fumar
19.
Toxicol Ind Health ; 21(7-8): 155-66, 2005 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16149730

RESUMO

In the last few decades the need for new approaches to assess DNA damage has been increasing due to the implications that different insults on genetic material may have on human health. In this context, the identification of how chemical agents with different mechanisms of action (i.e., antineoplastic drugs) damage DNA provides a good model to investigate some cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the basis of genetic toxicology. The nasal epithelium is the first barrier with which environmental pollutants interact, and for this reason this epithelium can be useful as a sentinel in order to assess the interactions between the environment and the living organisms. Taking these phenomena into account and using a simple, sensitive and rapid method such as the single cell gel electrophoresis, we could obtain information and an initial approach on the DNA status. This assay in combination with other techniques that provide more information about other molecular parameters could give us a better view of the biological status of the living cell.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Ensaio Cometa/métodos , Dano ao DNA , Eletroforese/métodos , Xenobióticos/efeitos adversos , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mucosa Nasal/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
Int J Neurosci ; 115(3): 411-21, 2005 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15804724

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to analyze the possible morphological recovery of the granule cells in the olfactory bulb as a consequence of oxidative stress after an acute ozone exposure. Rats were divided in two groups: Control (air exposed) and experimental group, exposed 4 h, to 1 ppm ozone and divided into 4 subgroups, which were sacrificed at 2 and 24 h, 10 and 15 days, respectively. Olfactory bulbs were processed with the rapid Golgi method and for transmission electron microscopy. The granule cells of the olfactory bulb disclosed less dendritic spine density at 2, 24 h, and 10 days after the exposure compared with controls. At 15 days, the number of spines increased to values similar to those found in controls. The granule cells ultrastructure demonstrated an increment in lipofucsin granules, as well as swollen organelles, changes that decreased overtime. This change decline might be related to a partial recovery of the associative granule cells function.


Assuntos
Bulbo Olfatório/citologia , Bulbo Olfatório/efeitos dos fármacos , Oxidantes Fotoquímicos/toxicidade , Ozônio/toxicidade , Animais , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios/ultraestrutura , Estresse Oxidativo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Vacúolos/ultraestrutura
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