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1.
Braz J Psychiatry ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053073

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Sepsis survivors present a wide range of sequelae; few studies have evaluated psychiatric disorders after sepsis. The objective of this study was to define the prevalence of and risk factors for anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in sepsis survivors. METHOD: Anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress symptoms in severe sepsis and septic shock survivors 24 h and 1 year after intensive care unit (ICU) discharge were assessed using the Beck Anxiety/Depression Inventories and the PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version. Differences in psychiatric symptoms over time and the influence of variables on these symptoms were calculated with marginal models. RESULTS: A total of 33 patients were enrolled in the study. The frequencies of anxiety, depression and PTSD 24 h after ICU discharge were 67%, 49%, and 46%, respectively and, among patients re-evaluated 1 year after ICU discharge, the frequencies were 38%, 50%, and 31%, respectively. Factors associated with PTSD included serum S100B level, age, and Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly (IQCODE) score. Factors associated with depression included patient age and cumulative dose of dobutamine. IQCODE score and cumulative dose of haloperidol in the ICU were associated with anxiety after ICU discharge. CONCLUSION: Patients who survive sepsis have high levels of psychiatric symptoms. Sepsis and associated treatment-related exposures may have a role in increasing the risk of subsequent depression, anxiety, and PTSD.

2.
Nutr Rev ; 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32885249

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Zinc is an essential trace mineral required for the function of brain and neural structures. The role of zinc supplementation in the prevention and treatment of depression has been suggested in clinical studies that reported a reduction in depressive symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to determine whether zinc supplementation vs placebo can prevent or improve depressive symptoms in children, adolescents, or adults. DATA SOURCES: Five electronic databases were searched, and studies published until September 2019 were included without language restriction. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized, controlled, crossover trials that evaluated the effect of zinc supplementation vs a comparator for prevention or improvement of depressive symptoms in children, adolescents, or adults were eligible for inclusion. DATA EXTRACTION: Two authors independently performed data extraction and risk-of-bias assessment. RESULTS: The initial search identified 12 322 studies, 5 of which were eligible for meta-analysis. The standardized mean difference (SMD) showed an average reduction of 0.36 point (95%CI, -0.67 to -0.04) in the intervention group compared with the placebo group. Forstudies in which the mean age of participants was ≥ 40 years, the SMD was reduced by 0.61 point (95%CI, -1.12 to -0.09) in the intervention group vs the placebo group. The meta-analysis by sample size (< 60 individuals and ≥ 60 individuals) did not show an effect of zinc supplementation in reducing depressive symptoms (SMD -0.28; 95%CI, -0.67 to -0.10; and SMD -0.52; 95%CI, -1.10 to 0.06). CONCLUSION: Zinc supplementation may reduce depressive symptoms in individuals treated with antidepressant drugs for clinical depression. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO registration number CRD42018081691.

3.
J Nutr ; 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32939530

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies have focused on quantitatively analyzing nutrients from infant diets, compromising complementary feeding evaluation and health promotion worldwide. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe dietary intake in infants from 9 to 24 mo of age, determining nutrient intakes associated with the risk of underweight, wasting, and stunting. METHODS: Usual nutrient intakes from complementary feeding were determined by 24-h recalls collected when infants were 9-24 mo of age in communities from 7 low- and middle-income countries: Brazil (n = 169), Peru (n = 199), South Africa (n = 221), Tanzania (n = 210), Bangladesh (n = 208), India (n = 227), and Nepal (n = 229), totaling 1463 children and 22,282 food recalls. Intakes were corrected for within- and between-person variance and energy intake. Multivariable regression models were constructed to determine nutrient intakes associated with the development of underweight, wasting, and stunting at 12, 18, and 24 mo of age. RESULTS: Children with malnutrition presented significantly lower intakes of energy and zinc at 12, 18, and 24 mo of age, ranging from -16.4% to -25.9% for energy and -2.3% to -48.8% for zinc. Higher energy intakes decreased the risk of underweight at 12 [adjusted odds ratio (AOR): 0.90; 95% CI: 0.84, 0.96] and 24 mo (AOR: 0.91; 95% CI: 0.86, 0.96), and wasting at 18 (AOR: 0.91; 95% CI: 0.83, 0.99) and 24 mo (AOR: 0.83; 95% CI: 0.74, 0.92). Higher zinc intakes decreased the risk of underweight (AOR: 0.12; 95% CI: 0.03, 0.55) and wasting (AOR: 0.19; 95% CI: 0.04, 0.92) at 12 mo, and wasting (AOR: 0.05; 95% CI: 0.00, 0.76) at 24 mo. CONCLUSIONS: Higher intakes of energy and zinc in complementary feeding were associated with decreased risk of undernutrition in the studied children. Data suggest these are characteristics to be improved in children's complementary feeding across countries.

4.
J Thorac Dis ; 12(7): 3507-3513, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32802429

RESUMO

Background: Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is an important sign of advanced disease in metastatic cancer. Pleurodesis is one option to treat recurrent MPE. The Inflammatory response after pleurodesis may lead to important adverse events (AE) in a set of very ill patients. Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients submitted to pleurodesis (2009-2013). Clinical and laboratory data were collected. We compare the values in the day of pleurodesis, 2nd, 5th and 10th days after. Results: One hundred fourteen patients were undergone to pleurodesis with silver nitrate (46%), iodine (52%) and talc (2%). Female was the most frequent (86%) and the breast cancer was the most common primary site. The most frequent adverse event was low hemoglobin account (37), followed by pain (31). 68% of patients presented AEs and 28% had at least one AE with grade 3 or higher. The most altered was CRP that peaked in the 5th day after pleurodesis. Changes in CRP curve were less severe with the use of iodine when compared with the other two agents. Conclusions: Pleurodesis leads to important systemic inflammatory response detected by different serum markers. The occurrence of adverse events in this set of patients was great number of events with being marked as grade 3 or higher.

5.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 115(2): 163-171, 2020 Jul 15.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32696854

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Excess Weight and Cardiovascular Diseases are health problems with increasing prevalence among children and adolescents, hence the need to investigate the issues related to them to better deal with the problem. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of excess adiposity on the levels of apolipoprotein B and A1 in children and adolescents. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in the PubMed, Embase, Lilacs, Web of Science, Ovid and Science direct databases, searching for cohort eligible studies and evaluating their results, methodological quality and risk of bias; combinable studies with good quality and low risk of bias were evaluated by meta-analysis. The summary measure used was the weighted mean difference (WMD) with its respective 95% confidence interval. RESULTS: 8 articles attended the eligibility criteria including individuals with age mean varying from 9 to 15.7 years of age. The meta-analysis included 4 articles with a total of 7,974 children and adolescents. It was observed a mean increase of 4,94mg/dL (95%CI: 4,22 to 5,67) in the ApoB levels in individuals with excess of body adiposity. For the ApoA1, we identified a mean reduction of -8,13mg/dL (95%CI: -9,09 to -7,17 mg/dL) in its levels in children and adolescents with higher body adiposity. Beside this, the influence of excess adiposity on the ApoB and ApoA1 levels was higher between adolescents than children. CONCLUSIONS: The excess of body adiposity influenced both the reduction of ApoA1 values and the increase of ApoB levels, being these changes more relevant among adolescents. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0).

6.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2020 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32594308

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This a cross-sectional study to evaluate the association between oral health findings and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) among critically ill patients in intensive care units (ICU). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected from medical records, and a detailed oral physical examination was performed on 663 critically ill patients on mechanical ventilation. Data were statistically analysed using univariate and logistic regression models relating the development of VAP with the oral findings. RESULTS: At oral physical examination, the most frequent findings were tooth loss (568-85.67%), coated tongue (422-63.65%) and oral bleeding (192-28.96%). Patients with a coated tongue or oral bleeding on the first day of ICU hospitalization developed more VAP than did patients without these conditions (20.14 vs 13.69%, p = 0.02; 23.44 vs 15.50%, p = 0.01, respectively). In the logistic regression, a coated tongue and oral bleeding were considered independent risk factors for VAP development (OR = 1.61 (1.03-2.51) and OR = 1.69 (1.08-2.66), respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The presence of a coated tongue and oral bleeding in ICU admission could be considered markers for the development of VAP. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The results of this paper reinforce the importance of proper maintenance of oral hygiene before intubation, which may lead to a decrease in the incidence of VAP in the ICU.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32450570

RESUMO

The neuropeptide oxytocin has emerged as a promising pharmacotherapy for methamphetamine (METH) addiction, and clinical trials of intranasal oxytocin are underway. However, there is debate as to how peripherally administered oxytocin alters brain signalling to modulate addiction processes. Interestingly, there is evidence for functional interactions between peripheral oxytocin administration and the vagus nerve. Therefore, this study investigated whether the effects of peripherally administered oxytocin require vagal signalling to reduce METH self-administration and reinstatement of METH-seeking behaviours. Male and female Sprague-Dawley rats underwent surgery for jugular catheterisation and either subdiaphragmatic vagotomy (SDV) or a sham operation. Rats were trained to self-administer METH, and the effect of peripherally administered oxytocin on METH intake was assessed. Rats then underwent extinction, and effects of oxytocin were assessed on cue- and METH-induced reinstatement of METH-seeking. Oxytocin treatment robustly attenuated METH intake in both sexes, and SDV entirely prevented the suppressant effect of oxytocin (0.3 mg/kg) on METH intake, and partially prevented the effects of 1 mg/kg oxytocin in both sexes. After extinction, SDV decreased the suppressing effects of oxytocin on cue- and METH-primed reinstatement in males, but not females. SDV was functionally confirmed by measuring food intake following administration of the vagal dependent peptide, cholecyostokin-8. Our data suggest that vagus nerve signalling is required for the inhibitory effects of peripherally administered oxytocin on METH self-administration and reinstatement, and that this vagal dependency is partially mediated by sex and drug withdrawal. This study has implications for the use of oxytocin as a therapy for METH use disorder for both sexes.

8.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 35(2): 134-140, 2020 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32369291

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of vacuum-assisted venous drainage (VAVD) on arterial pump flow in a simulated pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass circuit utilizing a centrifugal pump (CP) with an external arterial filter. METHODS: The simulation circuit consisted of a Quadrox-I Pediatric oxygenator, a Rotaflow CP (Maquet Cardiopulmonary AG, Rastatt, Germany), and a custom pediatric tubing set primed with Lactated Ringer's solution and packed red blood cells. Venous line pressure, reservoir pressure, and arterial flow were measured with VAVD turned off to record baseline values. Four other conditions were tested with progressively higher vacuum pressures (-20, -40, -60, and -80 mmHg) applied to the baseline cardiotomy pressure. An arterial filter was placed into the circuit and arterial flow was measured with the purge line in both open and closed positions. These trials were repeated at set arterial flow rates of 1500, 2000, and 2500 mL/min. RESULTS: The use of progressively higher vacuum caused a reduction in effective arterial flow from 1490±0.00 to 590±0.00, from 2020±0.01 to 1220±0.00, and from 2490±0.0 to 1830±0.01 mL/min. Effective forward flow decreased with increased levels of VAVD. CONCLUSION: The use of VAVD reduces arterial flow when a CP is used as the main arterial pump. The reduction in the forward arterial flow increases as the vacuum level increases. The loss of forward flow is further reduced when the arterial filter purge line is kept in the recommended open position.An independent flow probe is essential to monitor pump flow during cardiopulmonary bypass.


Assuntos
Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Criança , Drenagem , Desenho de Equipamento , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Modelos Cardiovasculares
9.
Enferm. glob ; 19(58): 68-81, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET1-5636

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Realizar un Análisis Multimodal de fallas y efectos para identificar prospectivamente los riesgos relacionados a la fase de la preparación y dispensación de medicamentos quimioterápicos en una unidad ambulatoria de un centro de referencia en oncología. MÉTODOS: Se utilizaron las seis primeras etapas del Análisis Multimodal de fallas y Efectos: identificar las situaciones peligrosas y montar un equipo; definir el proceso a ser analizado describiendo gráficamente; aplicar lluvia de ideas buscando identificar modos de fallas; priorizar los modos de fallas y realizar análisis de riesgos; identificar las causas potenciales de los modos de fallo y volver a dibujar el proceso. RESULTADOS: Se identificaron diecisiete modos de falla, siendo dos clasificados como de alto riesgo: cambiar la ventana de salida del medicamento y cálculo erróneo de la dosis de medicamento intratecal. CONCLUSIONES: Se identificaron los posibles modos de falla que se relacionaban al proceso analizado, además, fue posible definir causas potenciales para la existencia de esos riesgos


AIM: Conduct a Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) to prospectively identify the risks related to the preparation and dispensation of chemotherapy drugs at an outpatient unit of a reference center in oncology. METHODS: The first six stages of Failure Mode and Effect Analysis were used to identify dangerous situations and assemble a team; define the process to be analyzed and describe it graphically; apply a host of ideas to identify failure modes; prioritize failure modes and conduct risk analysis; identify potential causes of failure modes and redesign the process. RESULTS: Seventeen failure modes were identified, two of which were classified as high risk: changing the output window for the drug and miscalculating the intrathecal drug dose. CONCLUSIONS: The possible failure modes related to the process analyzed were identified; in addition, it was possible to define potential causes of these risks


OBJETIVO: Realizar uma Análise Multimodal de Falhas e Efeitos para identificar prospectivamente os riscos relacionados à fase do preparo e dispensação de medicamentos quimioterápicos em uma unidade ambulatorial de um centro de referência em oncologia. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizadas as seis primeiras etapas da Análise Multimodal de Falhas e Efeitos: identificar as situações perigosas e montar uma equipe; definir o processo a ser analisado descrevendo graficamente; aplicar chuva de ideias buscando identificar modos de falhas; priorizar os modos de falhas e realizar análise dos riscos; identificar causas potenciais dos modos de falha e redesenhar o processo. RESULTADOS: Foram identificados dezessete modos de falha, sendo dois classificados como de alto risco: trocar a janela de saída do medicamento e cálculo errado da dose de medicamento intratecal. CONCLUSÕES: Foram identificados os possíveis modos de falha que se relacionavam ao processo analisado, além disso, foi possível definir causas potenciais para a existência desses riscos

10.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 73(2): e20190458, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236382

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To verify the occurrence of the risk and protective factors for sudden infant death syndrome during nursing consultation. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study conducted based on medical records from a primary care unit in the municipality of São Paulo. The sample consisted of 63 infants assisted from January to December 2016. RESULTS: The average age of infants was 3.2 months. The main risk factors identified were the presence of soft objects in the crib (93.6%) and bed sharing (58.7%). Predominant protective factors were breastfeeding (95.2%) followed by updated immunization (90.5%). CONCLUSIONS: Risk and protective factors for sudden infant death syndrome were identified in the study sample, indicating the importance of addressing the issue with families of children under 1 year of age to prevent the occurrence of such events.

11.
Clin Nutr ESPEN ; 35: 167-173, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31987112

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Overweight children and adolescents are more likely to evolve with high cholesterol, be obese adults and develop cardiovascular disease. The objective of this study was to identify the influence of anthropometric status on the changes in the lipid profile of children and adolescents during an 18-month follow-up period. METHODS: A cohort study involving 540 boys and girls from 7 to 15 years of age was conducted over 18 months' follow-up. The outcome variables were the lipid indicators and the principal exposure variable was anthropometric status, measured by different indicators. A generalized estimating equation (GEE) approach was used to identify the associations of interest. RESULTS: Irrespective of age, sex, socio-economic status, physical activity and diet, for each gain of 1 cm in the waist circumference (WC) mean in the adjusted model, triglyceride levels increased by a mean of 0.5 mg/dl (p < 0.000) and there was an increase of 0.21 mg/dL in the total cholesterol after the 18-month period. The increase of 0.1 in the mean body mass index (BMI) Z-score promoted a gain of 2.7 mg/dL in the triglycerides mean levels (p < 0.000) and an increase of 1.5 mg/dL in the total cholesterol mean levels (p = 0.014) after the follow-up period. Regarding the waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and conicity index (CI), an increment of 40.6 mg/dL (p = 0.02) and of 30.1 mg/dL (p = 0.01) was observed in the triglycerides' mean when the participants increased 0.1 in the WHtR mean and CI mean, and the same was observed in the total cholesterol mean, with an increase of 45.4,g/dL (p = 0.02) and 19.3 mg/dL (p = 0.03), for each indicator, respectively. Changes of the traditional anthropometric indicators (WC and BMI) did not promote variations in the mean levels of LDL-cholesterol. HDL-cholesterol was not influenced by the changes in the anthropometric indicators. CONCLUSIONS: At the baseline, a higher triglyceride mean and lower levels of HDL-c were observed in children and adolescents with altered anthropometric status for all measures. Mean triglyceride and total cholesterol levels are influenced by changes in the anthropometric status, regardless of the measure, after 18 months of follow-up. However, for LDL-cholesterol, it was observed that changes in the traditional anthropometric indicators (WC and BMI) did not promote variations in the mean levels of this biochemical variable, while HDL-c was not influenced by changes in any of the anthropometric indicators.

12.
J Pediatr Nurs ; 51: e64-e68, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492509

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Our purpose was to analyze hand hygiene compliance before and after a playful intervention, and caregivers' beliefs, perception of self-efficacy, and barriers to hand hygiene at a daycare center in Brazil. DESIGN AND METHODS: This a quasi-experimental study was conducted from January to July 2017 in a daycare center that provides full-time education for children aged zero to four years from low-income families. The playful intervention with 24 caregivers included an emoji card game to address their beliefs and perception of self-efficacy and a product that reveals dirty areas on washed hands. For 126 children aged two to four years we used a story told through puppets, card games, songs, and a practice of washing hands colored with tempera paint. RESULTS: The results showed that the playful intervention with children and caregivers increased hand hygiene compliance from 13.3% to 41.4% with a significant statistical difference (p < 0.001) after the intervention. The caregiver's perception of self-efficacy for hand hygiene was higher after bathroom use (59.8%) and lower after playing outdoors (28.6%). CONCLUSIONS: Playful interventions performed by nurses promote hand hygiene compliance among children and caregivers at daycare centers. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Practice implications include that health education provided by pediatric nurses is essential in promoting health and preventing the dissemination of infectious diseases to children and caregivers at daycare centers.

13.
Rev. chil. anest ; 49(2): e20190458, 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092525

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objectives: To verify the occurrence of the risk and protective factors for sudden infant death syndrome during nursing consultation. Methods: Retrospective cohort study conducted based on medical records from a primary care unit in the municipality of São Paulo. The sample consisted of 63 infants assisted from January to December 2016. Results: The average age of infants was 3.2 months. The main risk factors identified were the presence of soft objects in the crib (93.6%) and bed sharing (58.7%). Predominant protective factors were breastfeeding (95.2%) followed by updated immunization (90.5%). Conclusions: Risk and protective factors for sudden infant death syndrome were identified in the study sample, indicating the importance of addressing the issue with families of children under 1 year of age to prevent the occurrence of such events.


RESUMEN Objetivos: Verificar la ocurrencia de factores de riesgo y de protección para la síndrome de la muerte súbita del lactante durante consulta de enfermería. Métodos: Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo conducido a partir de registros en prontuario de salud de servicio de atención primaria del municipio de São Paulo. La muestra ha sido compuesta por 63 lactantes atendidos en el período de enero a diciembre de 2016. Resultados: La media de edad de los lactantes ha sido de 3,2 meses. Los principales factores de riesgo identificados han sido la presencia de objetos blandos/suaves en la cuna (93,6%) y el compartir de lecho (58,7%). Factores de protección predominantes han sido: amamantamiento materno (95,2%) seguido de inmunización actualizada (90,5%). Conclusiones: Han sido identificados factores de riesgo y de protección para la síndrome de la muerte súbita del lactante en la muestra estudiada, indicando la importancia del abordaje de la temática junto a las familias de niños menores de 1 año, para prevención de la ocurrencia de tales eventos.


RESUMO Objetivos: Verificar a ocorrência de fatores de risco e de proteção para a síndrome da morte súbita do lactente durante consulta de enfermagem. Métodos: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo conduzido a partir de registros em prontuário de saúde de serviço de atenção primária do município de São Paulo. Amostra foi composta por 63 lactentes atendidos no período de janeiro a dezembro de 2016. Resultados: A média de idade dos lactentes foi de 3,2 meses. Os principais fatores de risco identificados foram presença de objetos macios no berço (93,6%) e o compartilhamento de leito (58,7%). Fatores de proteção predominantes foram: aleitamento materno (95,2%) seguido de imunização atualizada (90,5%). Conclusões: Foram identificados fatores de risco e de proteção para a síndrome da morte súbita do lactente na amostra estudada, indicando a importância da abordagem da temática junto às famílias de crianças menores de 1 ano, para prevenção da ocorrência de tais eventos.

14.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 73(2): e20190458, 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1098761

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objectives: To verify the occurrence of the risk and protective factors for sudden infant death syndrome during nursing consultation. Methods: Retrospective cohort study conducted based on medical records from a primary care unit in the municipality of São Paulo. The sample consisted of 63 infants assisted from January to December 2016. Results: The average age of infants was 3.2 months. The main risk factors identified were the presence of soft objects in the crib (93.6%) and bed sharing (58.7%). Predominant protective factors were breastfeeding (95.2%) followed by updated immunization (90.5%). Conclusions: Risk and protective factors for sudden infant death syndrome were identified in the study sample, indicating the importance of addressing the issue with families of children under 1 year of age to prevent the occurrence of such events.


RESUMEN Objetivos: Verificar la ocurrencia de factores de riesgo y de protección para la síndrome de la muerte súbita del lactante durante consulta de enfermería. Métodos: Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo conducido a partir de registros en prontuario de salud de servicio de atención primaria del municipio de São Paulo. La muestra ha sido compuesta por 63 lactantes atendidos en el período de enero a diciembre de 2016. Resultados: La media de edad de los lactantes ha sido de 3,2 meses. Los principales factores de riesgo identificados han sido la presencia de objetos blandos/suaves en la cuna (93,6%) y el compartir de lecho (58,7%). Factores de protección predominantes han sido: amamantamiento materno (95,2%) seguido de inmunización actualizada (90,5%). Conclusiones: Han sido identificados factores de riesgo y de protección para la síndrome de la muerte súbita del lactante en la muestra estudiada, indicando la importancia del abordaje de la temática junto a las familias de niños menores de 1 año, para prevención de la ocurrencia de tales eventos.


RESUMO Objetivos: Verificar a ocorrência de fatores de risco e de proteção para a síndrome da morte súbita do lactente durante consulta de enfermagem. Métodos: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo conduzido a partir de registros em prontuário de saúde de serviço de atenção primária do município de São Paulo. Amostra foi composta por 63 lactentes atendidos no período de janeiro a dezembro de 2016. Resultados: A média de idade dos lactentes foi de 3,2 meses. Os principais fatores de risco identificados foram presença de objetos macios no berço (93,6%) e o compartilhamento de leito (58,7%). Fatores de proteção predominantes foram: aleitamento materno (95,2%) seguido de imunização atualizada (90,5%). Conclusões: Foram identificados fatores de risco e de proteção para a síndrome da morte súbita do lactente na amostra estudada, indicando a importância da abordagem da temática junto às famílias de crianças menores de 1 ano, para prevenção da ocorrência de tais eventos.

15.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(2): 134-140, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101474

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To analyze the impact of vacuum-assisted venous drainage (VAVD) on arterial pump flow in a simulated pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass circuit utilizing a centrifugal pump (CP) with an external arterial filter. Methods: The simulation circuit consisted of a Quadrox-I Pediatric oxygenator, a Rotaflow CP (Maquet Cardiopulmonary AG, Rastatt, Germany), and a custom pediatric tubing set primed with Lactated Ringer's solution and packed red blood cells. Venous line pressure, reservoir pressure, and arterial flow were measured with VAVD turned off to record baseline values. Four other conditions were tested with progressively higher vacuum pressures (-20, -40, -60, and -80 mmHg) applied to the baseline cardiotomy pressure. An arterial filter was placed into the circuit and arterial flow was measured with the purge line in both open and closed positions. These trials were repeated at set arterial flow rates of 1500, 2000, and 2500 mL/min. Results: The use of progressively higher vacuum caused a reduction in effective arterial flow from 1490±0.00 to 590±0.00, from 2020±0.01 to 1220±0.00, and from 2490±0.0 to 1830±0.01 mL/min. Effective forward flow decreased with increased levels of VAVD. Conclusion: The use of VAVD reduces arterial flow when a CP is used as the main arterial pump. The reduction in the forward arterial flow increases as the vacuum level increases. The loss of forward flow is further reduced when the arterial filter purge line is kept in the recommended open position. An independent flow probe is essential to monitor pump flow during cardiopulmonary bypass.

16.
Cogitare enferm ; 25: e67497, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1124600

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a completude e o atraso vacinal das crianças de um centro de educação infantil antes e após uma intervenção educativa com as famílias. Método: estudo do tipo antes e depois, realizado em um centro de educação infantil em São Paulo de fevereiro a abril de 2017. A intervenção consistiu no envio de lembretes e folhetos às famílias sobre a importância da vacinação. A situação vacinal foi verificada através da Caderneta de Saúde da Criança. Foram utilizados os testes qui-quadrado e exato de Fisher. Resultados: participaram do estudo 151 crianças e suas famílias antes e 145 depois. A prevalência da completude vacinal passou de 81,5% para 93,1% após a intervenção (p=0,003). O atraso vacinal foi mais frequente entre crianças menores de dois anos e aquelas do sexo mascuilno. Conclusão: a intervenção contribuiu para o aumento da completude vacinal por meio da educação em saúde das famílias das crianças.


RESUMEN: Objetivo: evaluar el pleno cumplimiento y el atraso vacunatorios en niños de un centro de educación infantil antes y después de una intervención educativa con las familias. Método: estudio del tipo antes y después realizado en un centro de educación infantil de San Pablo entre febrero y abril de 2017. La intervención consistió en enviar recordatorios y folletos a las familias sobre la importancia de la vacunación. La situación de vacunas se verificó a través de la Libreta de vacunas infantiles. Se emplearon las pruebas de chi-cuadrado y Exacta de Fisher. Resultados: del estudio participaron 151 niños y sus familias antes de la intervención, y 145 después de ella. La prevalencia del pleno cumplimiento vacunatorio aumentó del 81,5% al 93,1% después de la intervención (p=0,003). El atraso en las vacunas fue más frecuente entre los niños de menos de dos años de edad y entre los del sexo masculino. Conclusión: la intervención contribuyó a mejorar el índice de pleno cumplimiento vacunatorio al ofrecer educación en salud a las familias de los niños.


ABSTRACT Objective: To assess vaccination completion and delay in children at a child education center before and after an educational intervention with their families. Method: A before-and-after study carried out at a child education center in São Paulo from February to April 2017. The intervention consisted of sending reminders and leaflets to the families about the importance of vaccination. The vaccination status was verified through the Child Health Handbook. Fisher's exact and chi-square tests were used. Results: 151 children and their families participated in the before-phase of the study, and 145 in its after-phase. The prevalence of vaccination completion rose from 81.5% to 93.1% after the intervention (p=0.003). Vaccination delay was more frequent among children under two years of age and those who were male. Conclusion: The intervention contributed to the increase of vaccination completion through health education of the children's families.

17.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 53: e03484, Jan.-Dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1020386

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo Relatar a experiência de estudantes e docentes de um projeto de extensão universitária no planejamento e realização de oficinas educativas sobre desenvolvimento infantil com educadoras de creche. Método Relato de experiência alicerçado nos referenciais das Necessidades Essenciais das Crianças e na Teoria Bioecológica do Desenvolvimento Humano. Resultados Participaram das oficinas oito graduandas, duas docentes de Enfermagem de uma universidade pública e 24 educadoras de uma creche localizada no município de São Paulo, em região de alta vulnerabilidade social. As oficinas educativas abordaram os temas: fundamentos do desenvolvimento infantil, marcos do desenvolvimento nas áreas pessoal e social, linguagem, motor fino e grosseiro e promoveram o desenvolvimento infantil na creche. Como estratégias pedagógicas, foram utilizadas dinâmicas interativas, jogos didáticos e recursos midiáticos. As oficinas educativas favoreceram a translação do conhecimento sobre o desenvolvimento infantil e as necessidades essenciais das crianças. Conclusão As ações de extensão proporcionaram articulação entre a universidade e a comunidade por meio do compartilhamento de saberes entre profissionais da saúde e da educação visando à promoção do desenvolvimento infantil.


RESUMEN Objetivo Relatar la experiencia de estudiantes y docentes de un proyecto de extensión universitaria en la planificación y realización de talleres educativos acerca del desarrollo infantil con educadoras de guarderías. Método Relato de experiencia cimentado en los marcos de referencia de las Necesidades Esenciales de los Niños y la Teoría Bioecológica del Desarrollo Humano. Resultados Participaron en los talleres ocho estudiantes de graduación, dos docentes de Enfermería de una universidad pública y 24 educadoras de una guardería ubicada en el municipio de São Paulo, en zona de alta vulnerabilidad social. Los talleres educativos abordaron los temas: fundamentos del desarrollo infantil, hitos del desarrollo en las áreas personal y social, lenguaje, motricidad fina y gruesa, y promovieron el desarrollo infantil en la guardería. Como estrategias pedagógicas, fueron utilizadas dinámicas interactivas, juegos didácticos y recursos mediáticos. Los talleres favorecieron la traslación del conocimiento acerca del desarrollo infantil y las necesidades esenciales de los niños. Conclusión Las acciones de extensión proporcionaron articulación entre la universidad y la comunidad mediante el intercambio de saberes entre los profesionales sanitarios y de la educación a fin de promover el desarrollo infantil.


ABSTRACT Objective To report the experience of students and teachers of a university extension project in the planning and performance of educational workshops on child development with educators of a day care center. Method Report of experience based on frameworks of The Irreducible Needs of Children and the Bioecological Theory of Human Development. Results The workshops included eight undergraduate students, two nursing professors from a public university and 24 educators from a day care center located in a region of high social vulnerability in São Paulo. The educational workshops promoted child development in the day care center and the following themes were addressed: child development fundamentals, developmental milestones in the personal and social areas, language, fine and gross motor coordination. Interactive dynamics, didactic games and media resources were used as pedagogical strategies. The educational workshops favored the transfer of knowledge on child development and irreducible needs of children Conclusion Extension activities provided a link between the university and the community through the sharing of knowledge among health and education professionals aimed at promoting child development.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Educação em Saúde , Enfermagem Pediátrica , Creches , Saúde da Criança
18.
Respiration ; 98(6): 467-472, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694026

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malignant pleural effusion is one of the most important complications of metastatic cancer, and recurrent pleural effusions do not only have an impact on survival but also cause a huge repercussion on a patient's quality of life. OBJECTIVES: The main objective was to describe quality of life status before and after pleurodesis in patients with malignant pleural effusion. Secondary, we aimed to find predictors of quality of life improvement in such a population. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of a database collected prospectively. We included patients who underwent pleurodesis from June 2004 to July 2014. Quality of life was evaluated through the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire and applied before and 30 days after pleurodesis. We used a paired t test and the Wilcoxon rank-sum to compare pre-/post-pleurodesis results, Kaplan-Meier curves for survival analysis, and multiple linear regressions to find predictors of quality of life improvement. RESULTS: 183 patients were included (145 were women). Mean age was 58.3 ± 12.3 years, the most numerous primary tumor was breast cancer. Median survival time was 9 months. Dyspnea was the most prevalent symptom. Baseline results showed that patients had low quality of life scores. After pleurodesis, there was a significant improvement in respiratory symptoms, physical domain, and general health. Linear regression showed an improvement in physical domain with the sclerosing agent nitrate (p = 0.005). Male gender (p = 0.002) and a higher lymphocyte count (p = 0.01) were inversely associated with improvement in physical domain. CONCLUSIONS: Pleurodesis improved symptoms and quality of life in patients with malignant pleural effusion. Gender, lymphocyte count, and sclerosing agent might interfere with quality of life improvement.

19.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 53: e03484, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433015

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report the experience of students and teachers of a university extension project in the planning and performance of educational workshops on child development with educators of a day care center. METHOD: Report of experience based on frameworks of The Irreducible Needs of Children and the Bioecological Theory of Human Development. RESULTS: The workshops included eight undergraduate students, two nursing professors from a public university and 24 educators from a day care center located in a region of high social vulnerability in São Paulo. The educational workshops promoted child development in the day care center and the following themes were addressed: child development fundamentals, developmental milestones in the personal and social areas, language, fine and gross motor coordination. Interactive dynamics, didactic games and media resources were used as pedagogical strategies. The educational workshops favored the transfer of knowledge on child development and irreducible needs of children. CONCLUSION: Extension activities provided a link between the university and the community through the sharing of knowledge among health and education professionals aimed at promoting child development.


Assuntos
Creches , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Educação em Enfermagem/métodos , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Criança , Docentes de Enfermagem , Feminino , Humanos , Universidades
20.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 27(2): 117-123, abr.-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011747

RESUMO

Resumo Introdução A violência sexual afeta vários segmentos da sociedade e requer ação urgente. As mulheres são as principais vítimas desta injúria, que pode gerar inúmeras implicações. Assim, o papel dos serviços de saúde é essencial para o enfrentamento deste problema e garantia de maior adesão ao tratamento ambulatorial. Objetivo Objetivou-se analisar as características de mulheres vítimas de violência sexual e abandono de seguimento de tratamento ambulatorial. Método Estudo descritivo, analítico retrospectivo, quantitativo, de 161 prontuários de mulheres atendidas em um serviço de referência de violência sexual em Goiânia- G0, em 2015. Resultados A maioria das mulheres eram adultas (65,8%), residentes em Goiânia (55,3%), empregadas (50,3%), concluintes do ensino médio (30,4%), solteiras (55,3%), pardas (44,1%), heterossexuais (74,5%), sem deficiência (85,1%). Verificou- se uma associação entre o abandono de seguimento ambulatorial com o recebimento de profilaxia DSTs (p<0,001), imunoglobulina para hepatite B (p=0,002), contracepção de emergência (p=0,010), início do esquema de antirretrovirais (p=0,003) e abandono do seguimento após a primeira consulta (p <0,001). Houve significância entre vítimas gestantes e a conclusão do tratamento (p <0,001). Conclusão Conclui-se que, ao se conhecer os fatores relacionados à não adesão ao seguimento ambulatorial, novas estratégias poderão ser desenvolvidas pelos serviços especializados.


Abstract Background Sexual violence affects several segments of society and requires urgent action. Women are the main victims of this injury, that can generate countless implications. Thus, the role of health services is essential for coping with this problem and ensuring greater adherense to outpatient treatment. Objective The aim of this study was to analyze the characteristics of women victims of sexual violence and abandonment of ambulatorial treatment follow-up. Method This is a descriptive, retrospective analytical, quantitative study of 161 women's medical records attended at a referral service for sexual violence in Goiânia-GO, in 2015. Results Most women were adults (65.8%), residents in Goiânia (55.3%), employed (50.3%), high school graduates (30.4%), single (55,3%), browns (44.1%), heterosexuals (74.5%), without disabilities (85.1%). There was an association between the abandonment of ambulatorial follow-up and receipt of prophylaxis STD (p<0.001), immunoglobulin for hepatitis B (p=0.002), emergency contraception (p=0.010), initiate the antiretroviral regimen (p=0.003) and abandonment of follow-up after the first visit (p <0.001). There was significant between pregnant women victims and the completion of treatment (p <0.001). Conclusion It is concluded that when knowing the factors related to non-adherence for ambulatorial follow-up, new strategies should be developed by specialized services.

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