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1.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 43(2): 250-255, 2006. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-454662

RESUMO

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar foliculos pré-antrais (FOPA) ovinos isolados após sua exposição e criopreservação utilizando glicerol (GLI), etilenoglicol (EG), propanodiol (PROH) ou dimetilsulfóxido (DMSO) a 1,5 e 3,0 M. Cada par ovariano de 5 ovelhas sem raça definida foi coletado em abatedouro local e submetido ao isolamento folicular. Da suspensão obtida, uma aliquota foi imediatamente destinada à análise da viabilidade folicular com o auxílio do corante vital azul de trypan. O restante da suspensão foi dividida em 16 aliquotas de 0,9 mL, suspensas (v/v) em MEM+ com EG, DMSO, GLI ou PROH a 1,5 ou 3,0 M, para teste de toxicidade e criopreservação. Após o término de cada tratamento, a viabilidade folicular foi analisada e os FOPA considerados viáveis se não corados ou não viáveis, quando corados. A análise dos dados mostrou que após o teste de toxicidade e criopreservação, em todos os crioprotetores e em ambas as concentrações, a percentagem de FOPA viáveis foi significativamente reduzida quando comparada ao controle. No teste de toxicidade, quando os crioprotetores foram comparados entre si nas mesmas concentrações, foram observadas percentagens signifIcativamente menores de FOPA viáveis no PROH 3,0 M (38,9%), apresentando-se, portanto, mais tóxico quando comparado aos demais crioprotetores. Após criopreservação, obteve-se percentagens significativamente maiores de foliculos pré-antrais viáveis quando o EG e o DMSO foram utilizados. Em conclusão, FOPA ovinos isolados podem ser criopreservados com sucesso utilizando-se D MSO e EG a 1,5 e 3,0 M.


The aim of this study was to evaluate isolated sheep preantral follicles (PF) after exposure and cryopreservation using glycerol (GLI), ethylene glycol (EG), propanediol (PROH) or dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) at 1.5 and 3.0 M. Each ovarian pair from 5 mixed breed adult sheeps was obtained at a local slaughterhouse and submited to follicular isolation. From the obtained suspension, one aliquot was immediately analysed with trypan blue. The remaining suspension was divided in 16 aliquots of 0.9 mL, suspended in (v /v) in MEM+with EG, DMSO, GLI or PROH at 1.5 or 3.0 M to the toxicity test and cryopreservation. After the end of each treatment, the follicular viability was analysed and the PF were classified as viable if not dyed or not viable if dyed with trypan blue. The analysis of the results showed that after the toxicity test and cryopreservation, using all cryoprotectants and at both concentrations, the percentage of viable PF was significandy reduced when compared to the control. At the toxicity test, when the cryoprotectants were compared at the same concentrations, the lowest percentage of viable preantral follicles was obtained when 3.0 M PRO H (38,9%) was used, being, more toxic when compared to the others cryoprotectants. After cryopreservation, significantly higher percentual of viable PF was observed when the EG and DMSO were used. In conclusion, sheep PF can be cryopreserved successfully using DMSO and EG at 1.5 and 3.0 M.


Assuntos
Criopreservação/veterinária , Folículo Ovariano/anatomia & histologia , Ovário/anatomia & histologia , Ovário/metabolismo , Óvulo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ovinos , Testes de Toxicidade/veterinária
2.
Ciênc. rural ; 33(5): 913-919, set.-out.2003. ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-349077

RESUMO

The present work has investigated the degeneration rate of goat primordial follicles in situ after preservation in PBS or TCM 199 at different temperatures and incubation times. For each animal the ovarian pair was divided into 19 fragments. One ovarian fragment was taken randomly and immediately fixed (control). The other 18 ovarian fragments were randomly distributed in tubes containing PBS or TCM 199 and stored at 4º, 20º or 39ºC for 4, 12 or 24h. The storage of ovarian fragments in PBS or TCM 199 at 20ºC for 12h and 24h or at 39ºC, in all incubation times tested, increased significantly the percentage of degenerated primordial follicles (P<0.05). In contrast, for both media tested the degeneration rate of primordial follicles preserved at 4ºC for up to 24h and at 20ºC for 4h was similar to control values (P>0.05). In conclusion, this study shows that PBS was as efficient as TCM 199 in the preservation of goat primordial follicles in situ, being the best results observed at 4ºC

3.
Theriogenology ; 60(4): 735-42, 2003 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12832021

RESUMO

Cryopreservation of primordial follicles represents an opportunity to preserve female gametes, and consequently to protect the reproductive capacity of humans and animals, as well as to safeguard genetic material from endangered animal species or rare breeds. The aim of this work was to assess the toxicity of different concentrations of ethylene glycol (EG) to primordial follicles, and verify the viability of these follicles after the freezing-thawing procedure. Primordial follicles were isolated from ovine ovaries and exposed to different EG concentrations to evaluate the cryoprotectant (CPA) toxicity before and after cryopreservation. After isolation of primordial follicle (control), the number (mean+/-S.E.M.) of viable primordial follicles/ml was 3764+/-795.21. The number of viable follicles in the toxicity test using EG at 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5 M was 1096+/-447.9, 960+/-446.67, 948+/-366.14, 832+/-313.59, 856+/-280.67, and 700+/-255.02, respectively. The number of viable follicles at concentrations of 2.5 M was less than for controls. After cryopreservation, the numbers decreased to 0+/-0, 148+/-85.46, 764+/-246.69, 824+/-291.9, 844+/-296.27, and 588+/-200.65, respectively for 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5 M EG. The number of viable follicles at 0, 0.5, and 2.5 M was less than for controls. In conclusion, after the freezing and thawing procedure, concentrations of 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 M EG can be successfully used for the cryopreservation of isolated follicles in sheep.


Assuntos
Criopreservação/veterinária , Crioprotetores/administração & dosagem , Etilenoglicol/administração & dosagem , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia , Ovinos , Animais , Crioprotetores/toxicidade , Etilenoglicol/toxicidade , Feminino , Folículo Ovariano/anatomia & histologia
4.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 39(6): 324-330, 2002. ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-337385

RESUMO

The present study investigated the efficiency of saline solution and coconut water solution in the preservation of goat preantral follicles enclosed in ovarian tissue, at different temperatures and for different incubation periods. At the slaughterhouse, the ovarian pair was divided into 19 fragments; one ovarian fragment was immediately fixed for histology (control-time zero). The other 18 ovarian fragments were preserved in both solutions at 4ºC, 20ºC or 39ºC for 4 h, 12 h or 24 h. The histological analysis showed that the storage of ovarian fragments in both solutions at 4ºC for up to 24 h kept the percentage of normal preantral follicles similar to the control values. In contrast, preservation at 20°C or 39ºC, in either solution, reduced significantly the percentage of normal preantral follicles compared to the control values, except in saline solution at 20ºC for 4 h or in coconut water solution at 20ºC for 4 h and 12 h. In conclusion, this study shows that both solutions can be used with the same efficiency to preserve goat preantral follicles at 4°C, irrespective of the incubation time. However, to preserve goat preantral follicles at higher temperatures, coconut water solution is recommended


Assuntos
Folículo Ovariano/anatomia & histologia , Cabras , Folículo Ovariano
5.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 39(5): 254-259, 2002. ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-337565

RESUMO

The present work investigated the efficiency of 0.9 percent saline solution and Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS) in the preservation of goat preantral follicles in situ at different temperatures and incubation times. The ovarian pair of each animal was divided into 19 fragments. One ovarian fragment was taken randomly and fixed (control). The other 18 fragments were randomly distributed in tubes containing 0.9 percent saline solution or PBS at 4, 20 or 39 ºC for 4, 12 or 24 h. A total of 5,921 preantral follicles were examined. The quality of preantral follicles was evaluated by classical histology. The storage of ovarian fragments in 0.9 percent saline solution or PBS at 4 ºC did not reduce significantly the percentage of morphologically normal follicles when compared with the control, except after preservation in 0.9 percent saline solution for 24 h. The storage of ovarian fragments at 20 or 39°C reduced the percentage of normal preantral follicles when compared to the control, except after preservation in PBS at 20°C for 4 h. In conclusion, this study showed for the first time that goat preantral follicles can be stored in situ successfully at 4 ºC in 0.9 percent saline solution for 12 h and in PBS for 24 h, and at 20 ºC in PBS for 4 h


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