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1.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 21(1): 241, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31727137

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The collaborative initiative of the European Network of Pregnancy Registers in Rheumatology (EuNeP) aims to combine data available in nationwide pregnancy registers to increase knowledge on pregnancy outcomes in women with inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRD) and on drug safety during pregnancy and lactation. The objective of this study was to describe the similarities and differences of the member registers. METHODS: From all registers, information about their structure and design was collected, as well as which parameters regarding demographics, maternal outcomes, treatment, course and outcome of pregnancy, and development of the child were available in the respective datasets. Furthermore, the current recruitment status was reported. RESULTS: The four registers (EGR2 (France), RePreg (Switzerland), RevNatus (Norway), and Rhekiss (Germany)) collect information prospectively and nationwide. Patients can be enrolled before conception or during pregnancy. To date, more than 3500 patients in total have been included, and data on 2200 pregnancies with an outcome are available. The distribution of diagnoses in the respective registers varies considerably, and only three entities (rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and spondyloarthritis) are captured by all the registers. Broad consistency was found in non-disease-specific data items, but differences regarding instruments and categories as well as frequency of data collection were revealed. Disease-specific data items are less homogeneously collected. CONCLUSION: Although the registers in this collaboration have similar designs, we found numerous differences in the variables collected. This survey of the status quo of current pregnancy registers is the first step towards identifying data collected uniformly across registers in order to facilitate joint analyses. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Not applicable.

2.
Autoimmun Rev ; : 102431, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31734403

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Little is known about systemic sclerosis (SSc)-associated myopathy (SScAM) treatment. Herein we evaluated the use of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) in SScAM. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of patients with SScAM in the Internal medicine department of Cochin University Hospital between 1993 and 2017. RESULTS: Fifty-two patients were included comprising 18 (34.6%) with limited SSc and 34 (65.4%) with diffuse SSc. SScAM occurred at a median [interquartile range (IQR)] time of 1 month [0-15] after SSc diagnosis. Thirty-four patients (65.4%) had muscle weakness, 28 (53.8%) had myalgia and 24 (46.2%) had dysphagia. Fifty patients (96.2%) had increased creatine kinase, 22/26 (84.6%) had myopathic electromyography, 10/12 (83.3%) had a high intensity signal of girdle muscles on MRI and 49/50 (98%) had abnormal muscle biopsy. Eighteen (34.6%) patients received IVIg. Severe adverse events occurred in 3/18 (16.7%) patients. When compared to patients who did not receive IVIg, patients who received IVIg had a significantly higher maximal corticosteroid (CS) dose ever, a greater decrease of CS at 3 months, and a lower CS dose at one year and at the end of follow up. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests the benefit of IVIg as adjunctive therapy, with an acceptable tolerance profile, and supports its use as a CS-sparing agent, in SScAM.

3.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(9): 1151-1159, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383717

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop new classification criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) jointly supported by the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) and the American College of Rheumatology (ACR). METHODS: This international initiative had four phases. (1) Evaluation of antinuclear antibody (ANA) as an entry criterion through systematic review and meta-regression of the literature and criteria generation through an international Delphi exercise, an early patient cohort and a patient survey. (2) Criteria reduction by Delphi and nominal group technique exercises. (3) Criteria definition and weighting based on criterion performance and on results of a multi-criteria decision analysis. (4) Refinement of weights and threshold scores in a new derivation cohort of 1001 subjects and validation compared with previous criteria in a new validation cohort of 1270 subjects. RESULTS: The 2019 EULAR/ACR classification criteria for SLE include positive ANA at least once as obligatory entry criterion; followed by additive weighted criteria grouped in seven clinical (constitutional, haematological, neuropsychiatric, mucocutaneous, serosal, musculoskeletal, renal) and three immunological (antiphospholipid antibodies, complement proteins, SLE-specific antibodies) domains, and weighted from 2 to 10. Patients accumulating ≥10 points are classified. In the validation cohort, the new criteria had a sensitivity of 96.1% and specificity of 93.4%, compared with 82.8% sensitivity and 93.4% specificity of the ACR 1997 and 96.7% sensitivity and 83.7% specificity of the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics 2012 criteria. CONCLUSION: These new classification criteria were developed using rigorous methodology with multidisciplinary and international input, and have excellent sensitivity and specificity. Use of ANA entry criterion, hierarchically clustered and weighted criteria reflect current thinking about SLE and provide an improved foundation for SLE research.

4.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 71(9): 1400-1412, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385462

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop new classification criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) jointly supported by the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) and the American College of Rheumatology (ACR). METHODS: This international initiative had four phases. 1) Evaluation of antinuclear antibody (ANA) as an entry criterion through systematic review and meta-regression of the literature and criteria generation through an international Delphi exercise, an early patient cohort, and a patient survey. 2) Criteria reduction by Delphi and nominal group technique exercises. 3) Criteria definition and weighting based on criterion performance and on results of a multi-criteria decision analysis. 4) Refinement of weights and threshold scores in a new derivation cohort of 1,001 subjects and validation compared with previous criteria in a new validation cohort of 1,270 subjects. RESULTS: The 2019 EULAR/ACR classification criteria for SLE include positive ANA at least once as obligatory entry criterion; followed by additive weighted criteria grouped in 7 clinical (constitutional, hematologic, neuropsychiatric, mucocutaneous, serosal, musculoskeletal, renal) and 3 immunologic (antiphospholipid antibodies, complement proteins, SLE-specific antibodies) domains, and weighted from 2 to 10. Patients accumulating ≥10 points are classified. In the validation cohort, the new criteria had a sensitivity of 96.1% and specificity of 93.4%, compared with 82.8% sensitivity and 93.4% specificity of the ACR 1997 and 96.7% sensitivity and 83.7% specificity of the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics 2012 criteria. CONCLUSION: These new classification criteria were developed using rigorous methodology with multidisciplinary and international input, and have excellent sensitivity and specificity. Use of ANA entry criterion, hierarchically clustered, and weighted criteria reflects current thinking about SLE and provides an improved foundation for SLE research.

5.
Autoimmun Rev ; 18(9): 102353, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323366

RESUMO

Recent studies show that relapsing polychondritis patients with tracheobronchial involvement are distinct from others in terms of clinical characteristics, therapeutic management, and disease evolution. Tracheobronchial involvement affects 20 to 50% of patients and may reveal the disease. It should be sought at the time of diagnosis and at each follow-up visit. Respiratory impairment is confirmed by computed tomography (CT) of the chest, including the cervical portion of the trachea, with end-inspiratory and dynamic expiratory scans, and pulmonary function tests. These investigations should be performed, even in asymptomatic patients, at the time of diagnosis, and repeated as necessary during follow-up. Bronchoscopy and a fortiori endoscopic intervention should be considered with caution and performed only by expert endoscopists after careful evaluation of the risks and benefits of such procedures, which can lead to damage or perforation of the airways and bronchospasm. Early detection and management of tracheobronchial involvement in relapsing polychondritis has significantly improved the prognosis of patients, especially with the development of interventional fiberoptic bronchoscopy. However, relapsing polychondritis-related morbidity and mortality are still elevated, particularly in tracheobronchial disease.


Assuntos
Broncopatias/etiologia , Policondrite Recidivante/complicações , Doenças da Traqueia/etiologia , Broncopatias/diagnóstico , Broncopatias/mortalidade , Broncopatias/terapia , Broncoscopia/métodos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Diagnóstico Precoce , Intervenção Médica Precoce/métodos , Humanos , Policondrite Recidivante/diagnóstico , Policondrite Recidivante/mortalidade , Policondrite Recidivante/terapia , Prognóstico , Sistema Respiratório/fisiopatologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Doenças da Traqueia/diagnóstico , Doenças da Traqueia/mortalidade , Doenças da Traqueia/terapia
7.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(10): 1296-1304, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31092409

RESUMO

The objective was to develop evidence-based recommendations for the management of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) in adults. Based on evidence from a systematic literature review and expert opinion, overarching principles and recommendations were formulated and voted. High-risk antiphospholipid antibody (aPL) profile is associated with greater risk for thrombotic and obstetric APS. Risk modification includes screening for and management of cardiovascular and venous thrombosis risk factors, patient education about treatment adherence, and lifestyle counselling. Low-dose aspirin (LDA) is recommended for asymptomatic aPL carriers, patients with systemic lupus erythematosus without prior thrombotic or obstetric APS, and non-pregnant women with a history of obstetric APS only, all with high-risk aPL profiles. Patients with APS and first unprovoked venous thrombosis should receive long-term treatment with vitamin K antagonists (VKA) with a target international normalised ratio (INR) of 2-3. In patients with APS with first arterial thrombosis, treatment with VKA with INR 2-3 or INR 3-4 is recommended, considering the individual's bleeding/thrombosis risk. Rivaroxaban should not be used in patients with APS with triple aPL positivity. For patients with recurrent arterial or venous thrombosis despite adequate treatment, addition of LDA, increase of INR target to 3-4 or switch to low molecular weight heparin may be considered. In women with prior obstetric APS, combination treatment with LDA and prophylactic dosage heparin during pregnancy is recommended. In patients with recurrent pregnancy complications, increase of heparin to therapeutic dose, addition of hydroxychloroquine or addition of low-dose prednisolone in the first trimester may be considered. These recommendations aim to guide treatment in adults with APS. High-quality evidence is limited, indicating a need for more research.

10.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 58(7): 1259-1267, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30753683

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of combined hormonal contraceptives (CHCs) in reproductive-age women with SLE with and without possible contraindications and to determine factors associated with their use in the presence of possible contraindications. METHODS: This observational cohort study included premenopausal women ages 18-45 years enrolled in the SLICC Registry ⩽15 months after SLE onset, with annual assessments spanning 2000-2017. World Health Organization Category 3 or 4 contraindications to CHCs (e.g. hypertension, aPL) were assessed at each study visit. High disease activity (SLEDAI score >12 or use of >0.5 mg/kg/day of prednisone) was considered a relative contraindication. RESULTS: A total of 927 SLE women contributed 6315 visits, of which 3811 (60%) occurred in the presence of one or more possible contraindication to CHCs. Women used CHCs during 512 (8%) visits, of which 281 (55%) took place in the setting of one or more possible contraindication. The most frequently observed contraindications were aPL (52%), hypertension (34%) and migraine with aura (22%). Women with one or more contraindication were slightly less likely to be taking CHCs [7% of visits (95% CI 7, 8)] than women with no contraindications [9% (95% CI 8, 10)]. CONCLUSION: CHC use was low compared with general population estimates (>35%) and more than half of CHC users had at least one possible contraindication. Many yet unmeasured factors, including patient preferences, may have contributed to these observations. Further work should also aim to clarify outcomes associated with this exposure.

11.
J Neurovirol ; 25(3): 434-437, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30610737

RESUMO

We present a case of a young African migrant from Guinea-Conakry presented to a French emergency department with burning pain in both feet for 2 days. The symptoms progressed to limb paraparesis with sphincter disorders. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan showed a hyperintense spinal cord lesion without contrast enhancement extending from the T6 vertebrae to the conus medullaris. Cerebrospinal fluid exam (CFE) showed an isolated hyperproteinorachia (0.61 g/l). Schistosomiasiss serology was positive and a rectal biopsy showed a schistosoma egg surrounded by an inflammatory reaction with granulomatosis. After steroid and antihelminthic therapy, accompanied by intensive physical therapy, the patient had an improved neurological neurological outcome.

12.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 58(6): 1006-1010, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30608611

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: APS mainly affects women who are of child-bearing age. We aimed to describe the clinical and immunological features of APS patients diagnosed after the age of 60. METHODS: The Elderly-Phospholipid study is a national, multicentre, retrospective study involving all APS (2006 Miyakis criteria) patients followed in five French tertiary university centres including four national referral lupus and APS centres. Clinical and serological data of patients in whom APS onset occurred after the age of 60 were analysed and compared with patients included in the Euro-Phospholipid cohort. RESULTS: Forty-four patients (30 women (68.2%); 68.7 (7) years at diagnosis; 72.7% of primary APS) were included in the Elderly-Phospholipid study. Stroke was the most common manifestation at diagnosis (38.6%) and during follow-up (11.4%). LA, aCL and anti-ß2-glycoprotein I antibodies were detected in 70.4%, 72.7% and 65.9% of patients, respectively; 43.2% of patients were triple-positive for aPL antibodies. All patients were treated with antithrombotic treatment including antiplatelet agents (31.8%) and/or oral anticoagulants (77.3%). Over a 5.3 (3.8) years follow-up, nine (20.5%) patients displayed a new arterial (n = 8) or venous (n = 1) thrombotic event. Only three (6.8%) patients developed major bleeding. As compared with Euro-Phospholipid APS patients (mean age of 34 (13) years at disease onset), patients in the Elderly-Phospholipid study were more frequently male (P < 0.05) and had a higher frequency of primary APS (<0.05), stroke (<0.0001) and LA (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: APS patients with elderly onset share a distinct disease profile, with a higher frequency of LA, triple aPL positivity and arterial thrombosis.

14.
J Rheumatol ; 46(7): 721-726, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30554156

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Given the complexity and heterogeneity of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), high-performing classification criteria are critical to advancing research and clinical care. A collaborative effort by the European League Against Rheumatism and the American College of Rheumatology was undertaken to generate candidate criteria, and then to reduce them to a smaller set. The objective of the current study was to select a set of criteria that maximizes the likelihood of accurate classification of SLE, particularly early disease. METHODS: An independent panel of international SLE experts and the SLE classification criteria steering committee (conducting SLE research in Canada, Mexico, United States, Austria, Germany, Greece, France, Italy, and Spain) ranked 43 candidate criteria. A consensus meeting using nominal group technique (NGT) was conducted to reduce the list of criteria for consideration. RESULTS: The expert panel NGT exercise reduced the candidate criteria for SLE classification from 43 to 21. The panel distinguished potential "entry criteria," which would be required for classification, from potential "additive criteria." Potential entry criteria were antinuclear antibody (ANA) ≥ 1:80 (HEp-2 immunofluorescence), and low C3 and/or low C4. The use of low complement as an entry criterion was considered potentially useful in cases with negative ANA. Potential additive criteria included lupus nephritis by renal biopsy, autoantibodies, cytopenias, acute and chronic cutaneous lupus, alopecia, arthritis, serositis, oral mucosal lesions, central nervous system manifestations, and fever. CONCLUSION: The NGT exercise resulted in 21 candidate SLE classification criteria. The next phases of SLE classification criteria development will require refinement of criteria definitions, evaluation of the ability to cluster criteria into domains, and evaluation of weighting of criteria.

15.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 20(1): 249, 2018 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30400982

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although one of the three obstetric manifestations of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is intrauterine fetal death (IUFD), little is known about it in this context. We report the first large series of patients with APS and IUFD. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the history and clinical data of women at four French hospitals. All had (1) APS diagnosis (Sydney criteria) and (2) IUFD at or after 10 weeks of gestation (weeks) between 2000 and 2016. RESULTS: The study included 65 women. Their median age at the index IUFD was 29 years (IQR 26-33); 38 (58%) were primigravidas. The index IUFD was the first APS clinical manifestation in 48 women (74%). Overall, 35% had a triple-positive antibody profile. IUFD occurred at a median gestational age of 24 weeks (IQR 18-27) and was associated with maternal obstetric complications in 16 women (25%), namely, preeclampsia (n = 12), hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet syndrome (HELLP) (n = 6), and/or placental abruption (n = 5). Half of the 50 women with available data had a small-for-gestational-age fetus. Overall, including during the follow-up period of 4 years (IQR 2-9), 28 women (43%) had at least one thrombosis, and 29% were diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Ultimately, 54 women (83%) had at least one live birth. Only one woman had three consecutive early miscarriages. CONCLUSION: IUFD was most often the inaugural sign of APS. Of the APS classification criteria, IUFD, preeclampsia, and thromboses were common in this cohort, while the "3 consecutive early miscarriages" criterion was met only once. With treatment, most of the women successfully had at least one live birth.

16.
RMD Open ; 4(Suppl 1): e000785, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30402272

RESUMO

Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a rare disease characterised by venous and/or arterial thrombosis, pregnancy complications and the presence of specific autoantibodies called antiphospholipid antibodies. This review aims to identify existing clinical practice guidelines (CPG) as part of the ERN ReCONNET project, aimed at evaluating existing CPGs or recommendations in rare and complex diseases. Seventeen papers providing important data were identified; however, the literature search highlighted the scarceness of reliable clinical data to develop CPGs. With no formal clinical guidelines in place, diagnosis and treatment of APS is largely based on consensus and expert opinion. Patients' unmet need refers to the understanding of the disease and its clinical picture and implications, the need of education for patients, family members and healthcare providers, as well as to the development of monitoring pathways involving multiple healthcare providers.

17.
RMD Open ; 4(Suppl 1): e000788, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30402273

RESUMO

Due to the rarity of relapsing polychondritis (RP), many unmet needs remain in the management of RP. Here, we present a systematic review of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) published for RP, as well as a list of the most striking unmet needs for this rare disease. We carried out a systematic search in PubMed and Embase based on controlled terms (medical subject headings and Emtree) and keywords of the disease and publication type (CPGs). The systematic literature review identified 20 citations, among which no CPGs could be identified. We identified 11 main areas with unmet needs in the field of RP: the diagnosis strategy for RP; the therapeutic management of RP; the management of pregnancy in RP; the management of the disease in specific age groups (for instance in paediatric-onset RP); the evaluation of adherence to treatment; the follow-up of patients with RP, including the frequency of screening for the potential complications and the optimal imaging tools for each involved region; perioperative and anaesthetic management (due to tracheal involvement); risk of neoplasms in RP, including haematological malignancies; the prevention and management of infections; tools for assessment of disease activity and damage; and patient-reported outcomes and quality of life indicators. Patients and physicians should work together within the frame of the ReCONNET network to derive valuable evidence for obtaining literature-informed CPGs.

18.
Autoimmun Rev ; 2018 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30408585

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics and the outcome of primary Sjögren Syndrome (pSS) associated arthritis and to compare the efficacy of different therapeutic regimen. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study using Club Rhumatisme and Inflammation (CRI) and French Internal Medicine Society (SNFMI) networks. All patients with a diagnosis of pSS and at least one episode of clinical and/or echographic synovitis were included. Patients with synovitis (cases) were compared to pSS patients without synovitis (controls). RESULTS: 57 patients (93% women) were included with a median age of 54 years [45-63]. Patients with synovitis had more frequently lymph node enlargement (12.3% vs. 1.8%, p = .007) and a higher ESSDAI score (8 [6-12] vs. 2 [1-4], p < .0001). There was no difference concerning CRP levels, rheumatoid factor and cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP)-antibodies positivity. Among 57 patients with synovitis, 101 various treatment courses have been used during the follow-up of 40 [22.5-77] months. First treatment course consisted in steroids alone (3.5%), steroids in association (79%) with hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) (49%), methotrexate (MTX) (35%), rituximab (RTX) (5.3%) or other immunosuppressive drugs (7%). HCQ, MTX, and RTX were associated with a significant reduction of tender and swollen joint count, and a significant steroids-sparing effect. No difference could be shown for the joint response between these treatment regimens. CONCLUSION: pSS articular manifestations may include synovitis which could mimic rheumatoid arthritis but differ by the absence of structural damage. Even if the use of HCQ, MTX, and RTX seem to be effective for joint involvement, the best regimen remains to be determined.

19.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(12): 1742-1749, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30297329

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cutaneous neonatal lupus (cNL) occurs in possibly 5%-16% of anti-Ro±anti-La antibody-exposed infants. Data suggest in utero exposure to hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) may prevent cardiac NL. The aim was to assess whether in utero exposure to HCQ decreases the risk of cNL and/or delays onset. METHODS: A multicentre case-control study was performed with 122 cNL cases and 434 controls born to women with a rheumatological disease who had documentation of maternal anti-Ro±anti-La antibodies at pregnancy and confirmation of medication use and the child's outcome. A secondary analysis was performed on 262 cNL cases, irrespective of maternal diagnosis, to determine if HCQ delayed time to cNL onset. RESULTS: Twenty (16%) cNL cases were exposed to HCQ compared with 146 (34%) controls (OR 0.4 (95% CI 0.2 to 0.6); p<0.01). Exposure to HCQ was associated with a reduced risk of cNL; exposure to anti-La antibody and female gender were associated with an increased risk of cNL. Exposure to HCQ remained significantly associated with a reduced cNL risk in the analyses limited to mothers with systemic lupus erythematosus and those who developed rash ≤1 month. When analysing all 262 cNL cases, HCQ-exposed infants were older (6.0 (95% CI 5.7 to 6.3) weeks) at cNL onset versus HCQ-non-exposed infants (4.4 (95% CI 3.9 to 5.0) weeks), but the difference was not statistically significant (p=0.21). CONCLUSION: Exposure to HCQ was associated with a reduced risk of cNL. Among cNL cases, those exposed to HCQ tend to have later onset of rash. Both findings suggest a protective effect of HCQ on cNL.

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