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1.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-12, 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34859731

RESUMO

Although creatine supplementation is well-known to increase exercise performance in acute high-intensity exercises, its role in aerobic performance based on VO2max is more controversial. Thus, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis on the effects of creatine supplementation on VO2max. PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, and ScienceDirect were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reporting VO2max in creatine supplementation and placebo groups before and after supplementation. We computed a random-effects meta-analysis on VO2max at baseline, within groups following supplementation, on changes on VO2max between groups, and after supplementation between groups. Sensitivity analyses and meta-regression were conducted. We included 19 RCTs for a total of 424 individuals (mean age 30 years old, 82% men). VO2max did not differ at baseline between groups (creatine and placebo). Participants in both groups were engaged in exercise interventions in most studies (80%). Using changes in VO2max, VO2max increased in both groups but increased less after creatine supplementation than placebo (effect size [ES] = -0.32, 95%CI = -0.51 to -0.12, p = 0.002). Comparisons after creatine supplementation confirmed a lower VO2max in the creatine group compared to the placebo group (ES= -0.20, 95%CI = -0.39 to -0.001, p = 0.049). Meta-analysis after exclusion from meta-funnel resulted in similar outcomes in a subgroup of young and healthy participants. Meta-regressions on characteristics of supplementation, physical training, or sociodemographic were not statistically significant. Creatine supplementation has a negative effect on VO2max, regardless of the characteristics of training, supplementation, or population characteristics.Supplemental data for this article is available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2021.2008864 .

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exercise therapy is recommended to treat non-specific low back pain (LBP). Home-based exercises are promising way to mitigate the lack of availability of exercise centers. In this paper, we conducted a systemic review and meta-analysis on the effects of home-based exercise on pain and functional limitation in LBP. METHOD: PubMed, Cochrane, Embase and ScienceDirect were searched until April 20th, 2021. In order to be selected, studies needed to report the pain and functional limitation of patients before and after home-based exercise or after exercise both in a center and at-home. Random-effect meta-analyses and meta-regressions were conducted. RESULTS: We included 33 studies and 9588 patients. We found that pain intensity decreased in the exclusive home exercise group (Effect size = -0.89. 95% CI -0.99 to -0.80) and in the group which conducted exercise both at-home and at another setting (-0.73. -0.86 to -0.59). Similarly, functional limitation also decreased in both groups (-0.75. -0.91 to -0.60, and -0.70, -0.92 to -0.48, respectively). Relaxation and postural exercise seemed to be ineffective in decreasing pain intensity, whereas trunk, pelvic or leg stretching decreased pain intensity. Yoga improved functional limitation. Supervised training was the most effective method to improve pain intensity. Insufficient data precluded robust conclusions around the duration and frequency of the sessions and program. CONCLUSION: Home-based exercise training improved pain intensity and functional limitation parameters in LBP.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Dor Lombar , Dor nas Costas , Exercício Físico , Terapia por Exercício , Humanos , Dor Lombar/terapia
3.
Ann Phys Rehabil Med ; 64(6): 101548, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192564

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Indications and techniques of rehabilitation differ widely across types of lumbar surgery, including timing (before or after surgery) and prescriptions (surgeons but also medical or paramedical professionals). OBJECTIVES: This project aimed to build consensual recommendations for practice in this context. METHODS: The SOFMER methodology was used to establish recommendations for physical medicine and rehabilitation: a steering committee defined the types of lumbar surgery involved and developed the main questions to be addressed; a scientific committee performed a literature review for grading evidence and proposed the first version of recommendations, which were discussed during a dedicated session at the national Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine congress; then an e-Delphi method with cross-professional experts was used to finalise recommendations and reach a multidisciplinary consensus. RESULTS: The main questions developed were the value of rehabilitation before and after surgery, timing and type of rehabilitation, benefit of supervision and instrumental rehabilitation, value of patient education, and complementary interventions concerning rehabilitation for discectomy, fusion, and disc prosthesis (excluding decompression for spinal stenosis). The literature review identified 60 articles, but for several of the questions, no article in the literature addressed the issue. The multidisciplinary scientific committee analysed the literature and addressed the questions to propose the first version of a set of 23 recommendations. The congress session failed to answer all questions or to reach consensus for all items. After a three-step e-Delphi, 20 recommendations were retained, for which consensus among experts was reached. The recommendations are applicable only to patients without a neurological lesion. CONCLUSIONS: These recommendations provide important and consensual knowledge to assist clinicians in decision-making for rehabilitation in lumbar surgery. Despite many of the recommendations relying exclusively on expert opinion rather than published evidence, this approach is an important advance to improve concordance among healthcare professionals.

6.
Ann Phys Rehabil Med ; 64(2): 101362, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32109594

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease type 1A (CMT1A) is the most common hereditary neuropathy. Several studies have assessed the relation between axonal loss and grip strength; however, the functional impact on dexterity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is unknown. We hypothesized that the severity of axonal loss will be correlated with loss of function and HRQoL. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relation between severity of electroneuromyography impairment and its impact on function and HRQoL in adults with CMT1A. METHODS: Grip and lateral pinch strength were evaluated with specific dynamometers: the Jamar and the Pinch Gauge. Dexterity was explored with the Sollerman, Jebsen, and Nine-hole Peg tests. The CMT impact on well-being was assessed by the validated Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 (SF-36), Beck Depression Inventory, and Fatigue Severity Scale, and disease severity by the CMT neuropathy score and Inflammatory Neuropathy Cause and Treatment sensory sum score. Finally, axonal loss and demyelination process was assessed by electroneuromyography. RESULTS: We included 33 participants with CMT1A (23 females, mean [SD] age 47.0 [4.7] years). We found lack of correlation between severe electroneuromyography impairment (frequency of abnormal results >80%), significant distal amyotrophy (70%) and quality of life (mean [SD] scores for physical and mental SF-36 36.4 [10.0] and 48.4 [11.5]), autonomy for activities of daily living, and hand function that remains relatively preserved. We found a correlation between lateral pinch and dexterity according to the Sollerman test (r=0.52, p<0.05) but a lack of correlation among the other parameters. CONCLUSIONS: Electrophysiological follow-up seems to be of little relevance to follow HRQoL in individuals with CMT1A and manual function related to functional objectives for everyday physical medicine and rehabilitation practice. The manual function is complex and requires an overall, quantitative, qualitative and multidisciplinary assessment. Each tool (Pinch Gauge, Jamar, Sollerman, Jebsen, Nine-hole Peg) measures a specific element of manual function and is necessary when performing a grip function analysis.


Assuntos
Doença de Charcot-Marie-Tooth , Força da Mão , Atividades Cotidianas , Adulto , Doença de Charcot-Marie-Tooth/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Mãos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida
8.
Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol ; : 1-6, 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151760

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A mobile application has the potential to involve people with chronic NSLBP in their rehabilitation. To refine the design of a smartphone application for people with chronic NSLBP using mixed quantitative and qualitative approaches. METHODS: We used a user-centred design approach involving people with chronic NSLBP and healthcare professionals (HCPs). We used a three-step methodology: developing consensus on the features, content, and design of the app; developing a user interface; and usability testing of the app and assessing users' experience. Transcripts of interviews of users were analyzed by qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: A total of 18 people (aged 45 [23-53] years old) with chronic NSLBP, and 7 HCPs (aged 29.5 [25-55] years old) involved in NSLBP management were interviewed. The overall experience of using the smartphone eLombactif app was initially assessed. Then, with close-ended questions we evaluated users' judgements on the content, its presentation and navigation. Finally, we asked for suggestions: "application content and functionality" and "content presentation" from participants regarding the use and development of the app analyzed by a qualitative methodology. CONCLUSIONS: This study described how we refined the design of our application for people with chronic NSLBP using a qualitative and quantitative approaches. This methodology allows for deepening the knowledge of the needs and expectations of potential users by measuring their user experience.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONNon-specific low back pain (NSLBP) is a major global public health issue leading to considerable economic cost and is primarily responsible for pain and disability.Mobile application has the potential to involve people with chronic NSLBP in their rehabilitation.This study described how we refined the design of our application for people with chronic NSLBP using a qualitative and quantitative approaches.

9.
J Clin Med ; 9(8)2020 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32751523

RESUMO

(1) Background: We have updated knowledge of the psychometric qualities of patient-reported outcome measures and, for the first time, systematically reviewed and compared the psychometric qualities of physical tests for patients with knee osteoarthritis who are undergoing total knee arthroplasty. This work was conducted to facilitate the choice of the most appropriate instruments to use in studies and clinical practice. (2) Methods: A search of medical databases up to December 2019 identified the studies and thus the instruments used. The quality of the measurement properties was assessed by the Bot et al. criteria. (3) Results: We identified 20 studies involving 25 instruments. Half of the instruments were questionnaires (n = 13). Among the condition-specific instruments, the Oxford knee score, Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcomes Score, and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis index had the highest overall scores. Concerning generic tools, the Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form 36 (SF-36) or SF-12 obtained the highest overall score. For patient-specific tools, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale ranked the highest. Some physical tests seemed robust in psychometric properties: 6-min Walk Test, five times Sit-To-Stand test, Timed Up and Go test strength testing of knee flexor/extensor by isometric or isokinetic dynamometer and Pressure Pain Threshold. (4) Conclusion: To make stronger recommendations, key areas such as reproducibility, responsiveness to clinical change, and minimal important change still need more rigorous evaluations. Some promising physical tests (e.g., actimetry) lack validation and require rigorous studies to be used as a core set of outcomes in future studies.

10.
Eur J Phys Rehabil Med ; 56(6): 756-763, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667148

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Existing algorithms do not allow for setting up finely tuned progression or intensity for exercise training in intensive care units (ICUs). AIM: We aimed to assess the feasibility and tolerance of a very early exercise program tailored by using decisional algorithm that integrated both progression and intensity. DESIGN: Open-label pilot study. SETTING: ICU. POPULATION: Thirty adults hospitalized in ICU. METHODS: Once a day, patients performed manual range of motion, cycloergometry, and functional training exercises. The progression and intensity of training were standardized by using the constructed algorithm. The main outcome, discomfort on a 0-100 Visual Analog Scale, was assessed before and after each exercise session. Secondary outcomes were muscle strength, ICU length of stay and adverse events related to exercise. RESULTS: Overall, 125 exercise sessions were performed. Discomfort during exercise sessions decreased significantly by the fifth session (P=0.049). Early exercise sessions were feasible and did not produce major adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed the safety and feasibility of very early exercise programs in ICUs. Early exercise tailored by using a decisional algorithm helps relieve the discomfort of ICU patients. CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: In everyday practice, the use of decisional algorithms should be encouraged to initiate and standardize early exercise in ICUs.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Estado Terminal/reabilitação , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Idoso , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Medição da Dor , Projetos Piloto
11.
Ann Phys Rehabil Med ; : 101406, 2020 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32561503

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical practice guidelines for non-specific low back pain do not recommend the use of non-rigid lumbar supports (NRLSs) despite the publication of several positive randomized controlled studies. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review with meta-analysis to assess the efficacy of NRLSs in the treatment and prevention of non-specific low back pain. METHODS: We searched for reports of randomized controlled trials in PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Science Direct and Pedro databases. Data were analyzed by disease stage (acute, subacute, and chronic) and type of prevention (primary and secondary). The analysis of methodological quality involved the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) scale. RESULTS: Of the 1581 records retrieved, only 4 full-text articles were included, with 777 patients: 378 in the NRLS group, and 348 in the control group. NRLSs conferred greater amelioration of disability (effect size -0.54, 95% CI -0.90; -0.17) and pain (-0.29, -0.46; -0.12) than standard management. Insufficient data prevented a comparison of the efficiency for acute, subacute and recurrent low back pain as well as meta-regression of responder phenotypes (sociodemographic and other patient characteristics). CONCLUSION: We demonstrated the overall efficacy of NRLSs for both disability and pain. However, further studies are needed to assess which patients can benefit the most from lumbar supports based on patient phenotype and the characteristics of low back pain. PROSPERO (CRD42018109855).

12.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0229849, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187610

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whiplash-associated disorders have been the subject of much attention in the scientific literature and remain a major public health problem. OBJECTIVE: Measure the impact of a validated information booklet on the fear-avoidance beliefs of emergency physicians and their approach to management regarding the treatment of whiplash-associated disorders. METHODS: A prospective cluster randomized controlled study conducted with a sample of emergency medicine physicians. Fear-avoidance beliefs were measured using The Whiplash Belief Questionnaire (WBQ) and Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ). We assessed the approach to management based on the prescription of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments based on the advice given to patients. The validated information booklet was the French version of The Whiplash Book. A set of questionnaires was sent to participants pre- and post-intervention. The experimental intervention was the provision of The Whiplash Book. The control arm did not receive any training or information. RESULTS: Mean fears and beliefs scores on inclusion were high: WBQ = 19.09 (± 4.06); physical activity FABQ = 11.45 (± 4.73); work FABQ = 13.85 (± 6.70). Improvement in fear-avoidance beliefs scores being greater in the intervention group was further confirmed by the variation in WBQ (-20 [-32; -6] vs. -6 [-16; 9]; p = 0.06), physical activity FABQ (-70 [-86; -50] vs. -15 [-40; 11]; p < 0.001), and work FABQ (-40 [-71; 0] vs. 0 [-31; 50]; p = 0.02). The emergency physicians' initial approach to management was not consistent with current guidelines. Reading the French version of The Whiplash Book could contribute to changing their approach to management in several areas on intra-group analysis. CONCLUSION: The French version of The Whiplash Book positively influenced fear-avoidance beliefs among emergency physicians.


Assuntos
Medo/psicologia , Médicos/psicologia , Traumatismos em Chicotada , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Folhetos , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Traumatismos em Chicotada/psicologia , Traumatismos em Chicotada/reabilitação
13.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 3601, 2020 02 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32107449

RESUMO

Obesity is one of the most important risk factors of knee osteoarthritis (KOA), but its impact on clinical and functional consequences is less clear. The main objective of this cross-sectional study was to describe the relation between body mass index (BMI) and clinical expression of KOA. Participants with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 and KOA completed anonymous self-administered questionnaires. They were classified according to BMI in three groups: overweight (BMI 25-30 kg/m2), stage I obesity (BMI 30-35 kg/m2) and stage II/III obesity (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2). The groups were compared in terms of pain, physical disability, level of physical activity (PA) and fears and beliefs concerning KOA. Among the 391 individuals included, 57.0% were overweight, 28.4% had stage I obesity and 14.6% had stage II/III obesity. Mean pain score on a 10-point visual analog scale was 4.3 (SD 2.4), 5.0 (SD 2.6) and 5.2 (SD 2.3) with overweight, stage I and stage II/III obesity, respectively (p = 0.0367). The mean WOMAC function score (out of 100) was 36.2 (SD 20.1), 39.5 (SD 21.4) and 45.6 (SD 18.4), respectively (p = 0.0409). The Knee Osteoarthritis Fears and Beliefs Questionnaire total score (KOFBEQ), daily activity score and physician score significantly differed among BMI groups (p = 0.0204, p = 0.0389 and p = 0.0413, respectively), and the PA level significantly differed (p = 0.0219). We found a dose-response relation between BMI and the clinical consequences of KOA. Strategies to treat KOA should differ by obesity severity. High PA level was associated with low BMI and contributes to preventing the clinical consequences of KOA.


Assuntos
Obesidade/epidemiologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/epidemiologia , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Progressão da Doença , Exercício Físico , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Osteoartrite do Joelho/complicações , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Ann Phys Rehabil Med ; 63(3): 181-188, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794857

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of spa therapy in osteoarthritis (OA) has ever been demonstrated, with a good level of evidence for pain and disability. The effect of a self-management program with spa therapy on physical activity (PA) level has never been demonstrated. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess, at 3 months, the effectiveness of 5 sessions of a self-management exercise program in patients with knee OA (KOA) who benefit from 18 days of spa therapy and received an information booklet (on proposed physical exercises) on improvement in at least one PA level. METHODS: This was an interventional, multicentre, quasi-randomized controlled trial with a cluster randomized design (1-month period). People 50 to 75 years old with symptomatic knee OA were included in 3 spa therapy centres in France (Bourbon Lancy, Le Mont Dore, Royat). Both groups received conventional spa therapy sessions during 18 days and an information booklet on the benefits of PA practice for KOA. The intervention group additionally received 5 self-management exercise sessions. The main outcome was improvement in at least one PA level according to the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) short-form categorical score (low to moderate or high, or moderate to high) at 3 months. Secondary outcomes were the evolution of PA (MET-min/week), disability, pain, anxiety, depression, self-efficacy, fears and beliefs concerning KOA, barriers to and facilitators of regular PA practice, consumption of painkillers and adherence to physical exercise program at 3 months. Assessors but not participants or caregivers were blinded. RESULTS: In total, 123 patients were randomized, 54 to the intervention group and 69 to the control group. Considering the main outcome, at 3 months, 37% of patients in the intervention group showed improvement in at least one PA level according to the IPAQ categorical score versus 30.4% in the control group (P=0.44). In the intervention group, 13 (24.1%) patients showed improvement from low to moderate PA level (vs. 8 [11.6%] in the control group), 2 (3.7%) from low to high (vs. 2 [2.9%]) and 5 (9.3%) from moderate to highvs. 11 [15.9%]). Both intervention and control groups showed increased IPAQ continuous scores (MET-min/week) at 3 months, although not significantly. HAD anxiety and depression scores were significantly reduced in the intervention group (P=0.001 and P=0.049, respectively) and the perception of PA was better in the intervention than control group for motivation and barriers scores (P=0.019 and P=0.002, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: This study showed the lack of impact of a short self-management program on PA level in addition to 18-day spa therapy for KOA, but both intervention and control groups showed improved PA level.


Assuntos
Balneologia/métodos , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/reabilitação , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Autogestão/métodos , Idoso , Terapia Combinada , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Autogestão/educação , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Front Physiol ; 11: 596351, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33584331

RESUMO

A characteristic feature of eccentric as compared with concentric exercise is the ability to generate greater mechanical loads for lower cardiopulmonary demands. Current evidence concurs to show that eccentric training translates into considerable gains in muscle mass and strength. Less is known, however, regarding its impact on oxygen transport and on factors to be considered for optimizing its prescription and monitoring. This article reviews the existing evidence for endurance eccentric exercise effects on the components of the oxygen transport system from systemic to mitochondria in both humans and animals. In the studies reviewed, specially designed cycle-ergometers or downhill treadmill running were used to generate eccentric contractions. Observations to date indicate that overall, the aerobic demand associated with the eccentric training load was too low to significantly increase peak maximal oxygen consumption. By extension, it can be inferred that the very high eccentric power output that would have been required to solicit a metabolic demand sufficient to enhance peak aerobic power could not be tolerated or sustained by participants. The impact of endurance eccentric training on peripheral flow distribution remains largely undocumented. Given the high damage susceptibility of eccentric exercise, the extent to which skeletal muscle oxygen utilization adaptations would be seen depends on the balance of adverse and positive signals on mitochondrial integrity. The article examines the protection provided by repeated bouts of acute eccentric exercise and reports on the impact of eccentric cycling and downhill running training programs on markers of mitochondrial function and of mitochondrial biogenesis using mostly from animal studies. The summary of findings does not reveal an impact of training on skeletal muscle mitochondrial respiration nor on selected mitochondrial messenger RNA transcripts. The implications of observations to date are discussed within future perspectives for advancing research on endurance eccentric exercise physiological impacts and using a combined eccentric and concentric exercise approach to optimize functional capacity.

17.
J Clin Med ; 8(10)2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31652506

RESUMO

Risk of a fall is increased in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and is usually evaluated using the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), but this is difficult to perform in everyday clinical practice. We aimed to prospectively predict short-term fall recurrence in COPD patients using a predetermined cut-off value of the Timed Up and Go test (TUG). In stable COPD patients, we collected self-reported records of the number of falls in the previous year, and measured TUG and BBS scores for each individual. Records of fall recurrence were obtained prospectively at 6-months after the initial evaluation. Among the 50 patients recruited, 23 (46%) had at least one fall during the past year. The optimal diagnosis value for the TUG to detect a fall was 10.9 s with a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 97%. A cut-off of 11 s predicted fall recurrence with high sensitivity and specificity (93% and 74%, respectively). The TUG as well as the BBS score detected fallers, and a cut-off value of 11 s predicted fall recurrence. TUG could be easily incorporated into the scheduled functional evaluations of COPD patients, could predict the risk of a fall and when appropriate, could guide specific balance training exercises to prevent fall.

18.
Eur J Appl Physiol ; 119(11-12): 2545-2555, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562535

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of maturation on the etiology of neuromuscular fatigue induced by repeated maximal voluntary isometric contractions (MVIC). METHODS: Nine prepubertal boys (9.9 ± 1.3 years), eight male adolescents (13.6 ± 1.3 years) and eleven men (23.4 ± 3.0 years) performed a series of repeated isometric MVICs of the knee extensors until the MVIC torque reached 60% of its initial value. Magnetic stimulations were delivered to the femoral nerve every five MVICs to follow the course of voluntary activation level (VA) and the potentiated twitch torque (Qtwpot). RESULTS: Task failure was reached after 52.9 ± 12.7, 42.6 ± 12.5, and 26.6 ± 6.3 repetitions in boys, adolescents and men, respectively. VA remained unchanged in men whereas it decreased significantly and similarly in boys and adolescents (p < 0.001). In contrast, Qtwpot remained unchanged in boys and decreased significantly less in adolescents than adults (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Children and adolescents experience less peripheral and more central fatigue than adults. However, adolescents experience more peripheral fatigue than children for a comparable amount of central fatigue. This finding supports the idea that the tolerance of the central nervous system to peripheral fatigue could increase during maturation.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Central/fisiologia , Fadiga Muscular/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Nervo Femoral/fisiologia , Humanos , Contração Isométrica/fisiologia , Joelho/fisiologia , Masculino , Contração Muscular/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Torque , Adulto Jovem
19.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil ; 100(12): 2403-2406, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255638

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate in a preliminary methodologic study, the Foot Function Index (FFI), a 3-subscale (pain, disability, and activity restriction) foot disability assessment questionnaire, in patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A (CMT1A). DESIGN: Monocentric exploratory cross-sectional study with 2 identical evaluations by the same physical medicine and rehabilitation physician at 14-day intervals (test-retest) according to international guidelines for validating health-related patient-reported outcomes, the Consensus-based Standards for the Selection of Health Measurement Instruments Criteria. SETTING: Physical medicine and rehabilitation and neurology departments in a French academic hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with CMT1A confirmed by molecular biology (N=26). INTERVENTION: The FFI and a health-related quality-of-life questionnaire (Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 [SF-36] with mental and physical composite scores) combined with quantitative walk analysis by instrumental gait analysis and evaluation of isokinetic quadriceps and hamstrings peak torque by isokinetic dynamometer. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: FFI score and its dimensions. RESULTS: Acceptability was satisfactory, with less than 5% missing data and good distribution of results. Internal consistency was very satisfactory, with Cronbach α of 0.95. Reproducibility was very satisfactory, with Lin concordance coefficient 0.82. External consistency was satisfactory, with expected correlation coefficients: the FFI was significantly correlated with the SF-36 physical composite score and gait parameters (cadence) (r=-0.58 and r=-0.52; P<.005) but not with peak torque or SF-36 mental composite score. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms the very good metrologic properties of the FFI in patients with CMT1A. The FFI could be a promising questionnaire to assess foot-related disability in a neurologic disease. Complementary studies are still needed to confirm these promising preliminary results.


Assuntos
Doença de Charcot-Marie-Tooth/fisiopatologia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Pé/fisiopatologia , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Qualidade de Vida , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença de Charcot-Marie-Tooth/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Contração Isométrica/fisiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
20.
Clin Rehabil ; 33(3): 546-556, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30409034

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE:: To validate the Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale-French version (ASES-F) of the ASES questionnaire designed to evaluate self-efficacy in arthritis population and to confirm its psychometric properties. DESIGN:: The translation/back-translation procedure was done in line with cross-cultural adaptation international guidelines. Prospective multicenter validation was performed on 168 patients with osteoarthritis who filled out the ASES-F. Function subscale of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index, Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD), Knee Osteoarthritis Fears and Beliefs Questionnaire, and pain on visual analog scale were collected. Acceptability, internal consistency, reproducibility, internal and external structure validity, and sensitivity following a self-management program focused on physical activity were analyzed. The retest was performed 15 days later. RESULTS:: A culturally adapted version was obtained following the validation procedure. The final translated questionnaire is available within the full article. Cronbach's alpha coefficient was at 0.95 for the overall ASES-F. Regarding the test-retest reproducibility, Lin's concordance coefficient was at 0.84. The internal and external validity was also explored with correlations at -0.50 between ASES-F and (WOMAC), and significant correlations between ASES-F and HAD. Sensitivity shown significant improvement at three months for the subscale function only (+2.65, P < 0.01). CONCLUSION:: The ASES-F, French version of the ASES, available in supplemental data, was validated in knee osteoarthritis patients and could be used in clinical practice and research for French-speaking patients. Sensitivity needs to be more explored.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Autoeficácia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Idoso , Feminino , França , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Autogestão , Traduções
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