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1.
J Public Health Manag Pract ; 23(2): 104-111, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27598714

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the elements of capacity, a measure of organizational resources supporting program implementation that result in successful completion of public health program objectives in a public health initiative serving 50 communities. DESIGN: We used crisp set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) to analyze case study and quantitative data collected during the evaluation of the Communities Putting Prevention to Work (CPPW) program. SETTING: CPPW awardee program staff and partners implemented evidence-based public health improvements in counties, cities, and organizations (eg, worksites, schools). PARTICIPANTS: Data came from case studies of 22 CPPW awardee programs that implemented evidence-based, community- and organizational-level public health improvements. INTERVENTION: Program staff implemented a range of evidence-based public health improvements related to tobacco control and obesity prevention. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The outcome measure was completion of approximately 60% of work plan objectives. RESULTS: Analysis of the capacity conditions revealed 2 combinations for completing most work plan objectives: (1) having experience implementing public health improvements in combination with having a history of collaboration with partners; and (2) not having experience implementing public health improvements in combination with having leadership support. CONCLUSION: Awardees have varying levels of capacity. The combinations identified in this analysis provide important insights into how awardees with different combinations of elements of capacity achieved most of their work plan objectives. Even when awardees lack some elements of capacity, they can build it through strategies such as hiring staff and engaging new partners with expertise. In some instances, lacking 1 or more elements of capacity did not prevent an awardee from successfully completing objectives. These findings can help funders and practitioners recognize and assemble different aspects of capacity to achieve more successful programs; awardees can draw on extant organizational strengths to compensate when other aspects of capacity are absent.


Assuntos
Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/normas , Medicina Preventiva/métodos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde/métodos , Distinções e Prêmios , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária/métodos , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária/organização & administração , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Promoção da Saúde/normas , Humanos , Estudos de Casos Organizacionais/métodos
2.
Am J Health Behav ; 38(5): 755-64, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24933145

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore women's knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about adverse outcomes associated with smoking during pregnancy and which outcomes might motivate cessation; to explore reactions to graphic warnings depicting 2 adverse outcomes. METHODS: Twelve focus groups were conducted with women of childbearing age who were current smokers. RESULTS: Participants had low to moderate awareness of many outcomes and believed it was acceptable to smoke in the first trimester before knowledge of pregnancy. Perceived susceptibility to outcomes was low. Motivators included risk-focused information, especially serious risks to the baby (eg, stillbirth, SIDS). Graphic warnings produced strong reactions, especially the warning with a real photo. CONCLUSIONS: Despite barriers to reducing rates of smoking during pregnancy, educational information and photos depicting babies' risks could motivate women to quit.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Motivação , Gestantes/psicologia , Rotulagem de Produtos , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/psicologia , Fumar/legislação & jurisprudência , Adulto , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Gravidez , Primeiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Saúde da Mulher
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