Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 111
Filtrar
2.
Transpl Infect Dis ; : e13504, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33169931

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) serostatus of recipient (R) and donor (D) influences hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) outcome. However, it is not a reliable indicator of CMV infection in primary immunodeficiency disorder (PIDD) recipients who are unable to make adequate antigen-specific immunoglobulin (Ig) or who receive intravenous Ig (IVIg) prior to testing. OBJECTIVE: Since no data exist on PIDD with unknown CMV serostatus, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between pre-HSCT recipient and donor serostatus and incidence of CMV infection in recipients with unknown serostatus. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all pediatric PIDD HSCTs (2007-2018) was performed at University of California San Francisco. Recipients were separated into categories based on pre-transplant serostatus: 1) seropositive (R(+)), 2) seronegative (R(-)), and 3) unknown serostatus (R(x)). Patients with pre-HSCT active CMV viremia were excluded. RESULTS: A total of 90 patients were included, 69% male. The overall incidence of CMV infection was 20%, but varied in R(+), R(-), and R(x) at 80%, 0%, and 14%, (P-value = .0001). Similarly, 5-year survival differed among groups, 60% R(+), 100% R(-), and 90% of R(x) (P-value = .0045). There was no difference in CMV reactivation by donor serostatus (P-value = .29), however, faster time to clearance of CMV was observed for R(x)/D(+) group (median 9.5 days (IQR 2.5-18), P-value = .024). CONCLUSION: We identify a novel group of recipients, R(x), with an intermediate level of survival and CMV incidence post-HSCT, when compared to seropositive and seronegative recipients. No evidence of CMV transmission from D(+) in R(-) and R(x) was observed. We believe R(x) should be considered as a separate category in future studies to better delineate recipient risk status.

3.
J Clin Immunol ; 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006109

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The Primary Immune Deficiency Treatment Consortium (PIDTC) enrolled children with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) in a prospective natural history study of hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) outcomes over the last decade. Despite newborn screening (NBS) for SCID, infections occurred prior to HSCT. This study's objectives were to define the types and timing of infection prior to HSCT in patients diagnosed via NBS or by family history (FH) and to understand the breadth of strategies employed at PIDTC centers for infection prevention. METHODS: We analyzed retrospective data on infections and pre-transplant management in patients with SCID diagnosed by NBS and/or FH and treated with HSCT between 2010 and 2014. PIDTC centers were surveyed in 2018 to understand their practices and protocols for pre-HSCT management. RESULTS: Infections were more common in patients diagnosed via NBS (55%) versus those diagnosed via FH (19%) (p = 0.012). Outpatient versus inpatient management did not impact infections (47% vs 35%, respectively; p = 0.423). There was no consensus among PIDTC survey respondents as to the best setting (inpatient vs outpatient) for pre-HSCT management. While isolation practices varied, immunoglobulin replacement and antimicrobial prophylaxis were more uniformly implemented. CONCLUSION: Infants with SCID diagnosed due to FH had lower rates of infection and proceeded to HSCT more quickly than did those diagnosed via NBS. Pre-HSCT management practices were highly variable between centers, although uses of prophylaxis and immunoglobulin support were more consistent. This study demonstrates a critical need for development of evidence-based guidelines for the pre-HSCT management of infants with SCID following an abnormal NBS. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01186913.

4.
J Clin Immunol ; 40(8): 1124-1131, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880085

RESUMO

Clinical data from ADA-SCID patients registered in the U.S. Immunodeficiency Network (USIDNet) Repository were analyzed. Sixty-four ADA-SCID patients born between 1981 and 2017 had clinical data entered by their local (or home) enrolling institution. Median age at diagnosis was 1 month for those with a positive family history and 3 months for those without a prior family history, with some diagnosed at birth and one as late as 9 years of age. Overall survival was 79.7%, which increased to 94.1% since 2010. These patients had multiple infections and pulmonary, gastrointestinal, and neurological complications. The majority received enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) at some time, including 88% of those born since 2010. Twenty-six patients underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). HSCT successfully supported survival (17/26, 65%) using a variety of cell sources (bone marrow, mobilized peripheral blood, and cord blood) from sibling, family and unrelated donors. Nineteen patients underwent autologous HSCT with gene therapy (GT) using retroviral and lentiviral vectors and all are surviving. The prognosis for patients with ADA-SCID has continued to improve but these patients do have multiple early and potentially long-term conditions that require medical monitoring and management.

7.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 26(9): 1646-1654, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32534101

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for children with nonmalignant disorders is challenged by potential drug-related toxicities and poor engraftment. This retrospective analysis expands on our single pediatric medical center experience with targeted busulfan, fludarabine, and intravenous (IV) alemtuzumab as a low-toxicity regimen to achieve sustained donor engraftment. Sixty-two patients received this regimen for their first HCT for a nonmalignant disorder between 2004 and 2018. Donors were matched sibling in 27%, 8/8 HLA allele-matched unrelated in 50%, and 7/8 HLA allele-mismatched in 23% (some of whom received additional immunoablation with thiotepa or clofarabine). Five patients experienced graft failure for a cumulative incidence of 8.4% (95% CI, 1 to 16%). In engrafted patients, the median donor chimerism in whole blood and CD3, CD14/15, and CD19 subsets at 1-year were 96%, 90%, 99%, and 99%, respectively. Only one patient received donor lymphocyte infusions (DLIs) for poor chimerism. Two patients died following disease progression despite 100% donor chimerism. The 3-year cumulative incidence of treatment-related mortality was 10% (95% CI, 2 to 17%). Overall survival and event-free-survival at 3-years were 87% (95% CI, 78 to 95%) and 80% (95% CI, 70 to 90%), respectively. The 6-month cumulative incidence of grade II to IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was 7% (95% CI, 3 to 13%), while the 3-year cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD was 5% (95% CI, 0 to 11%). These results suggest that use of targeted busulfan, fludarabine and IV alemtuzumab offers a well-tolerated option for children with nonmalignant disorders to achieve sustained engraftment with a low incidence of GVHD.

8.
Front Immunol ; 11: 239, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32153572

RESUMO

Primary Immune Regulatory Disorders (PIRD) are an expanding group of diseases caused by gene defects in several different immune pathways, such as regulatory T cell function. Patients with PIRD develop clinical manifestations associated with diminished and exaggerated immune responses. Management of these patients is complicated; oftentimes immunosuppressive therapies are insufficient, and patients may require hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) for treatment. Analysis of HCT data in PIRD patients have previously focused on a single gene defect. This study surveyed transplanted patients with a phenotypic clinical picture consistent with PIRD treated in 33 Primary Immune Deficiency Treatment Consortium centers and European centers. Our data showed that PIRD patients often had immunodeficient and autoimmune features affecting multiple organ systems. Transplantation resulted in resolution of disease manifestations in more than half of the patients with an overall 5-years survival of 67%. This study, the first to encompass disorders across the PIRD spectrum, highlights the need for further research in PIRD management.

10.
J Clin Immunol ; 39(8): 786-794, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31620947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We undertook a study to determine the impact of Wiskott Aldrich Syndrome (WAS) and X-linked thrombocytopenia (XLT) and their therapies upon the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients and their families. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We undertook a survey of patients and their families, who self-identified as having either WAS or XLT. We assessed the PedsQL™ 4.0, the parent proxy form, and the family impact module. These results were compared with normative data from previously published reports. RESULTS: Sixty-eight patients (29 patients completed both the PedsQL™ 4.0 and the parent proxy form; 21 completed only the PedsQL™ 4.0; and 18 completed only the parent proxy form) were included. In contrast to patient-reported outcomes, parents of patients who had a bone marrow transplant (BMT) reported that their children had better QOL scores compared with those who did not (82.6 vs. 73.3, p = 0.023). The QOL of patients vs. previously published normative data showed decreases in patient scores for psychosocial health (72.62 vs. 86.58, p = < 0.001), emotional functioning (69.91 vs. 82.64, p = < 0.001), social functioning (77.55 vs. 91.56, p = < 0.001), and school functioning (70.46 vs. 85.67, p = < 0.001). The family impact study revealed deficits in emotional, social, and cognitive functioning, communication, and worry. CONCLUSION: These results show that patients with WAS/XLT are significantly impacted with respect to QOL. BMT offered a better QOL for patients according to parents, but not as reported by the patients. Future studies should incorporate QOL to provide more data and a better understanding of outcomes for long-term survivors and decision-making regarding BMT.


Assuntos
Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Trombocitopenia/psicologia , Síndrome de Wiskott-Aldrich/psicologia , Adolescente , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Cuidadores/psicologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Tomada de Decisões , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/complicações , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/imunologia , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Trombocitopenia/complicações , Trombocitopenia/imunologia , Trombocitopenia/terapia , Síndrome de Wiskott-Aldrich/complicações , Síndrome de Wiskott-Aldrich/imunologia , Síndrome de Wiskott-Aldrich/terapia , Adulto Jovem
11.
J Clin Immunol ; 39(7): 653-667, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376032

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) affects approximately 1/3 of patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD). Comprehensive investigation of the effect of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) on CGD IBD and the impact of IBD on transplant outcomes is lacking. METHODS: We collected data retrospectively from 145 patients with CGD who had received allogeneic HCT at 26 Primary Immune Deficiency Treatment Consortium (PIDTC) centers between January 1, 2005 and June 30, 2016. RESULTS: Forty-nine CGD patients with IBD and 96 patients without IBD underwent allogeneic HCT. Eighty-nine percent of patients with IBD and 93% of patients without IBD engrafted (p = 0.476). Upper gastrointestinal acute GVHD occurred in 8.5% of patients with IBD and 3.5% of patients without IBD (p = 0.246). Lower gastrointestinal acute GVHD occurred in 10.6% of patients with IBD and 11.8% of patients without IBD (p = 0.845). The cumulative incidence of acute GVHD grades II-IV was 30% (CI 17-43%) in patients with IBD and 20% (CI 12-29%) in patients without IBD (p = 0.09). Five-year overall survival was equivalent for patients with and without IBD: 80% [CI 66-89%] and 83% [CI 72-90%], respectively (p = 0.689). All 33 surviving evaluable patients with a history of IBD experienced resolution of IBD by 2 years following allogeneic HCT. CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort, allogeneic HCT was curative for CGD-associated IBD. IBD should not contraindicate HCT, as it does not lead to an increased risk of mortality. This study is registered at clinicaltrials.gov NCT02082353.


Assuntos
Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/complicações , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/mortalidade , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Neutrófilos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Quimeras de Transplante , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 143(6): 2271-2278, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31178019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Caregivers of children with primary immunodeficiency disorders (PIDs) experience significant psychological distress during their child's hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) process. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to understand caregiver challenges and identify areas for health care system-level improvements to enhance caregiver well-being. METHODS: In this mixed-methods study caregivers of children with PIDs were contacted in August to November 2017 through online and electronic mailing lists of rare disease consortiums and foundations. Caregivers were invited to participate in an online survey assessing sociodemographic variables, the child's medical characteristics, psychosocial support use, and the World Health Organization-5 Well-Being Index. Open-ended questions about health care system improvements were included. Descriptive statistics and linear multivariate regression analyses were conducted. A modified content analysis method was used to code responses and identify emergent themes. RESULTS: Among the 80 caregiver respondents, caregivers had a median age of 34 years (range, 23-62 years) and were predominantly female, white, and married with male children given a diagnosis of severe combined immune deficiency. In the adjusted regression model lower caregiver well-being was significantly associated with lower household income and medical complications. Challenges during HCT include maintaining relationships with partners and the child's healthy sibling or siblings, managing self-care, and coping with feelings of uncertainty. Caregivers suggested several organizational-level solutions to enhance psychosocial support, including respite services, online connections to other PID caregivers, and bedside mental health services. CONCLUSIONS: Certain high-risk subpopulations of caregivers might need more targeted psychosocial support to reduce the long-term effect of the HCT experience on their well-being. Caregivers suggested several organizational-level solutions for provision of this support.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária/epidemiologia , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adulto , Criança , Assistência à Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária/terapia , Melhoria de Qualidade , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
13.
N Engl J Med ; 380(16): 1525-1534, 2019 04 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30995372

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation for X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID-X1) often fails to reconstitute immunity associated with T cells, B cells, and natural killer (NK) cells when matched sibling donors are unavailable unless high-dose chemotherapy is given. In previous studies, autologous gene therapy with γ-retroviral vectors failed to reconstitute B-cell and NK-cell immunity and was complicated by vector-related leukemia. METHODS: We performed a dual-center, phase 1-2 safety and efficacy study of a lentiviral vector to transfer IL2RG complementary DNA to bone marrow stem cells after low-exposure, targeted busulfan conditioning in eight infants with newly diagnosed SCID-X1. RESULTS: Eight infants with SCID-X1 were followed for a median of 16.4 months. Bone marrow harvest, busulfan conditioning, and cell infusion had no unexpected side effects. In seven infants, the numbers of CD3+, CD4+, and naive CD4+ T cells and NK cells normalized by 3 to 4 months after infusion and were accompanied by vector marking in T cells, B cells, NK cells, myeloid cells, and bone marrow progenitors. The eighth infant had an insufficient T-cell count initially, but T cells developed in this infant after a boost of gene-corrected cells without busulfan conditioning. Previous infections cleared in all infants, and all continued to grow normally. IgM levels normalized in seven of the eight infants, of whom four discontinued intravenous immune globulin supplementation; three of these four infants had a response to vaccines. Vector insertion-site analysis was performed in seven infants and showed polyclonal patterns without clonal dominance in all seven. CONCLUSIONS: Lentiviral vector gene therapy combined with low-exposure, targeted busulfan conditioning in infants with newly diagnosed SCID-X1 had low-grade acute toxic effects and resulted in multilineage engraftment of transduced cells, reconstitution of functional T cells and B cells, and normalization of NK-cell counts during a median follow-up of 16 months. (Funded by the American Lebanese Syrian Associated Charities and others; LVXSCID-ND ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01512888.).


Assuntos
Bussulfano/administração & dosagem , Terapia Genética , Vetores Genéticos , Subunidade gama Comum de Receptores de Interleucina/genética , Lentivirus , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Doenças por Imunodeficiência Combinada Ligada ao Cromossomo X/terapia , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/sangue , Linfócitos B/fisiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Lactente , Células Matadoras Naturais , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Linfócitos T , Doenças por Imunodeficiência Combinada Ligada ao Cromossomo X/genética , Doenças por Imunodeficiência Combinada Ligada ao Cromossomo X/imunologia
14.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(7): 1355-1362, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30876930

RESUMO

After allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), the minimal myeloid chimerism required for full T and B cell reconstitution in patients with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is unknown. We retrospectively reviewed our experience with low-exposure busulfan (cumulative area under the curve, 30 mg·hr/L) in 10 SCID patients undergoing either first or repeat HCT from unrelated or haploidentical donors. The median busulfan dose required to achieve this exposure was 5.9 mg/kg (range, 4.8 to 9.1). With a median follow-up of 4.5 years all patients survived, with 1 requiring an additional HCT. Donor myeloid chimerism was generally >90% at 1 month post-HCT, but in most patients it fell during the next 3 months, such that 1-year median myeloid chimerism was 14% (range, 2% to 100%). Six of 10 patients had full T and B cell reconstitution, despite myeloid chimerism as low as 3%. Three patients have not recovered B cell function at over 2 years post-HCT, 2 of them in the setting of treatment with rituximab for post-HCT autoimmunity. Low-exposure busulfan was well tolerated and achieved sufficient myeloid chimerism for full immune reconstitution in over 50% of patients. However, other factors beyond busulfan exposure may also play critical roles in determining long-term myeloid chimerism and full T and B cell reconstitution.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B , Bussulfano/administração & dosagem , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa , Linfócitos T , Quimeras de Transplante , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa/sangue , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa/imunologia , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa/terapia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Quimeras de Transplante/sangue , Quimeras de Transplante/imunologia
15.
Pediatrics ; 143(2)2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30683812

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Newborn screening for severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) was instituted in California in 2010. In the ensuing 6.5 years, 3 252 156 infants in the state had DNA from dried blood spots assayed for T-cell receptor excision circles (TRECs). Abnormal TREC results were followed-up with liquid blood testing for T-cell abnormalities. We report the performance of the SCID screening program and the outcomes of infants who were identified. METHODS: Data that were reviewed and analyzed included demographics, nursery summaries, TREC and lymphocyte flow-cytometry values, and available follow-up, including clinical and genetic diagnoses, treatments, and outcomes. RESULTS: Infants with clinically significant T-cell lymphopenia (TCL) were successfully identified at a rate of 1 in 15 300 births. Of these, 50 cases of SCID, or 1 in 65 000 births (95% confidence interval 1 in 51 000-1 in 90 000) were found. Prompt treatment led to 94% survival. Infants with non-SCID TCL were also identified, diagnosed and managed, including 4 with complete DiGeorge syndrome who received thymus transplants. Although no cases of typical SCID are known to have been missed, 2 infants with delayed-onset leaky SCID had normal neonatal TREC screens but came to clinical attention at 7 and 23 months of age. CONCLUSIONS: Population-based TREC testing, although unable to detect immune defects in which T cells are present at birth, is effective for identifying SCID and clinically important TCL with high sensitivity and specificity. The experience in California supports the rapid, widespread adoption of SCID newborn screening.


Assuntos
Teste em Amostras de Sangue Seco/métodos , Linfopenia/sangue , Linfopenia/diagnóstico , Triagem Neonatal/métodos , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa/sangue , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa/diagnóstico , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , California/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Linfopenia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa/epidemiologia
17.
Am J Transplant ; 19(2): 475-487, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29900661

RESUMO

Tolerance induction through simultaneous hematopoietic stem cell and renal transplantation has shown promising results, but it is hampered by the toxicity of preconditioning therapies and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Moreover, renal function has never been compared to conventionally transplanted patients, thus, whether donor-specific tolerance results in improved outcomes remains unanswered. We collected follow-up data of published cases of renal transplantations after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from the same donor and compared patient and transplant kidney survival as well as function with caliper-matched living-donor renal transplantations from the Austrian dialysis and transplant registry. Overall, 22 tolerant and 20 control patients were included (median observation period 10 years [range 11 months to 26 years]). In the tolerant group, no renal allograft loss was reported, whereas 3 were lost in the control group. Median creatinine levels were 85 µmol/l (interquartile range [IQR] 72-99) in the tolerant cohort and 118 µmol/l (IQR 99-143) in the control group. Mixed linear-model showed around 29% lower average creatinine levels throughout follow-up in the tolerant group (P < .01). Our data clearly show stable renal graft function without long-term immunosuppression for many years, suggesting permanent donor-specific tolerance. Thus sequential transplantation might be an alternative approach for future studies targeting tolerance induction in renal allograft recipients.


Assuntos
Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Falência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Transplante de Rim/mortalidade , Doadores Vivos/provisão & distribução , Adolescente , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem
18.
Palliat Support Care ; 17(4): 409-414, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30223912

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Caregivers for patients undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) are susceptible to significant psychosocial distress. This cross-sectional study aimed to describe psychosocial support services offered and used by caregivers of pediatric primary immune deficiency (PID) during HCT at 35 hospitals across North America. METHOD: Caregivers of pediatric patients with PID were recruited by e-mail to participate in an anonymous 140-question survey instrument between April and May 2016 (N = 171). RESULT: Of those meeting inclusion criteria (53%), family counseling services were only offered to fewer than half of caregivers (42%). Of the survey participants not offered counseling services, the majority desired family counseling (70%) and sibling counseling (73%). That said, when offered counseling, utilization rates were low, with 22% of caregivers using family counseling and none using sibling counseling. SIGNIFICANCE OF RESULTS: These results indicate the need to offer and tailor counseling services for families throughout the HCT process. Further research should focus on reducing barriers to utilization of counseling services such as offering bedside counseling services, online modalities, and/or financial assistance.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Família/psicologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/psicologia , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , América do Norte , Pediatria/métodos , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 142(4): 1041-1051, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30170128

RESUMO

This manuscript reviews selected topics in primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDDs) published in 2017. These include (1) the role of follicular T cells in the differentiation of B cells and development of optimal antibody responses; (2) impaired nuclear factor κB subunit 1 signaling in the pathogenesis of common variable immunodeficiency, revealing an association between impaired B-cell maturation and development of inflammatory conditions; (3) autoimmune and inflammatory manifestations in patients with PIDDs in T- and B-cell deficiencies, as well as in neutrophil disorders; (4) newly described gene defects causing PIDDs, including exostosin-like 3 (EXTL3), TNF-α-induced protein 3 (TNFAIP3 [A20]), actin-related protein 2/3 complex-subunit 1B (ARPC1B), v-Rel avian reticuloendotheliosis viral oncogene homolog A (RELA), hypoxia upregulated 1 (HYOU1), BTB domain and CNC homolog 2 (BACH2), CD70, and CD55; (5) use of rapamycin and the phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitor leniolisib to reduce autoimmunity and regulate B-cell function in the activated phosphoinositide 3-kinase δ syndrome; (6) improved outcomes in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) in the last decade, with an overall 2-year survival of 90% in part caused by early diagnosis through implementation of universal newborn screening; (7) demonstration of the efficacy of lentiviral vector-mediated gene therapy for patients with adenosine deaminase-deficient SCID; (8) the promise of gene editing for PIDDs using CRISPR/Cas9 and zinc finger nuclease technology for SCID and chronic granulomatous disease; and (9) the efficacy of thymus transplantation in Europe, although associated with an unexpected high incidence of autoimmunity. The remarkable progress in the understanding and management of PIDDs reflects the current interest in this area and continues to improve the care of immunodeficient patients.


Assuntos
Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/imunologia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/terapia , Animais , Autoimunidade , Terapia Genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Subunidade p50 de NF-kappa B/imunologia , Esplenectomia , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/imunologia , Timectomia
20.
Blood Adv ; 2(15): 1828-1832, 2018 08 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30061307

RESUMO

DNA ligase 4 deficiency (LIG4-SCID) causes lymphopenia (T-B-NK+) and a radiosensitive SCID (RS-SCID) phenotype. We demonstrate, for the first time, flow cytometric-based kinetic analysis of phosphorylated H2AX (γH2AX) in lymphocyte subsets, especially NK cells, for the assessment of LIG4-SCID. Measurement of phosphorylated (p) ATM, SMC1, and H2AX (γH2AX) was performed by flow cytometry to assess DNA repair defects in a 3-year-old girl. Functional assessment (phosphorylation) was measured in T and NK cells (B cells were absent) before irradiation (background control) or after low-dose (2Gy) irradiation (1 and 24 hours). We observed maximal γH2AX at 1 hour postirradiation, with dephosphorylation at 24 hours postirradiation in healthy control patients. The patient showed normal frequencies (percentage) of T cells and NK cells for γH2AX, but increased levels of γH2AX compared with control patients at 1 hour postirradiation. At 24 hours postirradiation, there was a lack of dephosphorylation in a substantial proportion of lymphocytes (with differences observed between T and NK cells) compared with healthy control patients. Although there was dephosphorylation of γH2AX at 24 hours in patient lymphocytes compared with 1 hour, the amount remained elevated at 24 hours compared with in control patients. The data from pATM and pSMC1 were uninformative. Flow-based kinetic analysis of γH2AX is a useful marker for the diagnosis of LIG4-SCID.


Assuntos
DNA Ligase Dependente de ATP/deficiência , Raios gama , Histonas/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa , Linfócitos T , Biomarcadores , DNA Ligase Dependente de ATP/imunologia , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/patologia , Fosforilação/imunologia , Tolerância a Radiação/genética , Tolerância a Radiação/imunologia , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa/diagnóstico , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa/genética , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa/imunologia , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa/patologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/patologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA