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Nat Methods ; 16(9): 843-852, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471613


Many bioinformatics methods have been proposed for reducing the complexity of large gene or protein networks into relevant subnetworks or modules. Yet, how such methods compare to each other in terms of their ability to identify disease-relevant modules in different types of network remains poorly understood. We launched the 'Disease Module Identification DREAM Challenge', an open competition to comprehensively assess module identification methods across diverse protein-protein interaction, signaling, gene co-expression, homology and cancer-gene networks. Predicted network modules were tested for association with complex traits and diseases using a unique collection of 180 genome-wide association studies. Our robust assessment of 75 module identification methods reveals top-performing algorithms, which recover complementary trait-associated modules. We find that most of these modules correspond to core disease-relevant pathways, which often comprise therapeutic targets. This community challenge establishes biologically interpretable benchmarks, tools and guidelines for molecular network analysis to study human disease biology.

BMC Syst Biol ; 12(1): 113, 2018 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30453938


The authors have retracted this article [1]. After publication they discovered a technical error in the Louvain algorithm with bounded cluster sizes. Correction of this error substantially changed the results for this algorithm and the conclusions drawn in the article were found to be incorrect. The authors will submit a new manuscript for peer review.

Nat Biomed Eng ; 2(1): 38-47, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29998038


The CRISPR-Cas9 system provides unprecedented genome editing capabilities. However, off-target effects lead to sub-optimal usage and additionally are a bottleneck in the development of therapeutic uses. Herein, we introduce the first machine learning-based approach to off-target prediction, yielding a state-of-the-art model for CRISPR-Cas9 that outperforms all other guide design services. Our approach, Elevation, consists of two interdependent machine learning models-one for scoring individual guide-target pairs, and another which aggregates these guide-target scores into a single, overall summary guide score. Through systematic investigation, we demonstrate that Elevation performs substantially better than competing approaches on both tasks. Additionally, we are the first to systematically evaluate approaches on the guide summary score problem; we show that the most widely-used method performs no better than random at times, whereas Elevation consistently outperformed it, sometimes by an order of magnitude. We also introduce an evaluation method that balances errors between active and inactive guides, thereby encapsulating a range of practical use cases; Elevation is consistently superior to other methods across the entire range. Finally, because of the large scale and computational demands of off-target prediction, we have developed a cloud-based service for quick retrieval. This service provides end-to-end guide design by also incorporating our previously reported on-target model, Azimuth. ( treat this web site as confidential until publication).

BMC Syst Biol ; 12(Suppl 3): 24, 2018 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29589565


BACKGROUND: Decomposing a protein-protein interaction network (PPI network) into non-overlapping clusters or communities, sometimes called "network modules," is an important way to explore functional roles of sets of genes. When the method to accomplish this decomposition is solely based on purely graph-theoretic measures of the interconnection structure of the network, this is often called unsupervised clustering or community detection. In this study, we compare unsupervised computational methods for decomposing a PPI network into non-overlapping modules. A method is preferred if it results in a large proportion of nodes being assigned to functionally meaningful modules, as measured by functional enrichment over terms from the Gene Ontology (GO). RESULTS: We compare the performance of three popular community detection algorithms with the same algorithms run after the network is pre-processed by removing and reweighting based on the diffusion state distance (DSD) between pairs of nodes in the network. We call this "detangling" the network. In almost all cases, we find that detangling the network based on the DSD distance reweighting provides more meaningful clusters. CONCLUSIONS: Re-embedding using the DSD distance metric, before applying standard community detection algorithms, can assist in uncovering GO functionally enriched clusters in the yeast PPI network.