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1.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 31(1): 64-70, jan.-mar. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1003617

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a razão neutrófilo-linfócito na predição de sepse e mortalidade em pacientes admitidos em uma unidade de terapia intensiva. Métodos: Estudo de caso-controle de pacientes adultos admitidos em terapia intensiva. Foram incluídos como casos pacientes que tiveram sepse como razão de admissão e possuíam exame laboratorial de hemograma prévio. As análises estatísticas realizadas foram curva ROC, regressão logística binária, Mann Whitney e qui-quadrado de Pearson. Foi considerado significativo valor de p < 0,05. Resultados: Os valores de curva ROC foram 0,62 para razão neutrófilo-linfócito, 0,98 para neutrófilos bastonados e 0,51 para leucócitos totais. A presença de razão neutrófilo-linfócito superior a 5,0, o número de leucócitos acima de 12.000mm3/mL e número de neutrófilos bastonados acima 10% foram fatores de risco para sepse, entretanto somente os escores SAPS 3 e SOFA estavam relacionados a mortalidade dos pacientes. Conclusão: A razão neutrófilo-linfócito e os neutrófilos bastonados em combinação com outros parâmetros podem ser marcadores na detecção precoce de sepse em terapia intensiva.


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio as a predictor of sepsis and mortality in patients admitted to an intensive care unit. Methods: Case-control study of adult patients admitted to an intensive care unit. Patients who had sepsis as the reason for admission and who had a previous complete blood count examination were included as case patients. The following statistical analyses were performed: ROC curves, binary logistic regression, and Mann-Whitney and Pearson's chi-square tests. p < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: The ROC curve values were 0.62 for neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, 0.98 for band neutrophils and 0.51 for total leukocytes. The presence of a neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio greater than 5.0, leukocyte count above 12,000mm3/mL and band neutrophil percentage above 10% were risk factors for sepsis; however, only the SAPS 3 and SOFA score were related to patient mortality. Conclusion: The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio and band neutrophils in combination with other parameters may be markers for the early detection of sepsis in intensive care units.

2.
Rev Bras Ter Intensiva ; 31(1): 64-70, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916236

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio as a predictor of sepsis and mortality in patients admitted to an intensive care unit. METHODS: Case-control study of adult patients admitted to an intensive care unit. Patients who had sepsis as the reason for admission and who had a previous complete blood count examination were included as case patients. The following statistical analyses were performed: ROC curves, binary logistic regression, and Mann-Whitney and Pearson's chi-square tests. p < 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: The ROC curve values were 0.62 for neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, 0.98 for band neutrophils and 0.51 for total leukocytes. The presence of a neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio greater than 5.0, leukocyte count above 12,000mm3/mL and band neutrophil percentage above 10% were risk factors for sepsis; however, only the SAPS 3 and SOFA score were related to patient mortality. CONCLUSION: The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio and band neutrophils in combination with other parameters may be markers for the early detection of sepsis in intensive care units.


Assuntos
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Linfócitos/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Sepse/diagnóstico , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Sepse/sangue
3.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 64(1): 47-53, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29561942

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the need for mechanical ventilation (MV) and its duration throughout ICU stay on the quality of life (QoL) and physical functional status (PFS) after the immediate ICU discharge. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study including all subjects consecutively discharged from the ICU during 1-year period. During the first week after ICU discharge, QoL was assessed through WHOQoL-Bref questionnaire and PFS through the Karnofsky Performance Status and modified-Barthel index, and retrospectively compared with the pre-admission status (variation [Δ] of indexes). RESULTS: During the study, 160 subjects met the inclusion criteria. Subjects receiving MV presented PFS impairment (Δ Karnofsky Performance Status [-19.7 ± 20.0 vs. -14.9 ± 18.2; p=0.04] and Δ modified-Barthel index [-17.4 ± 12.8 vs. -13.2 ± 12.9; p=0.05]) compared with those who did not receive MV. Duration of MV was a good predictor of PFS (Δ Karnofsky Performance Status [-14.6-1.12 * total days of MV; p=0.01] and Δ modified-Barthel index [-14.2-0.74 * total days of MV; p=0.01]). QoL, assessed by WHOQoL-Bref, showed no difference between groups (14.0 ± 1.8 vs. 14.5 ± 1.9; p=0.14), and the duration of MV did not influence QoL (WHOQoL-Bref scale [14.2-0.05* total days of MV; p=0.43]). CONCLUSION: Need for MV and duration of MV decrease patient PFS after ICU discharge.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Respiração Artificial/efeitos adversos , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Avaliação de Estado de Karnofsky , Masculino , Alta do Paciente , Respiração Artificial/psicologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo
4.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(1): 47-53, Jan. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-896420

RESUMO

Summary Objective: To evaluate the impact of the need for mechanical ventilation (MV) and its duration throughout ICU stay on the quality of life (QoL) and physical functional status (PFS) after the immediate ICU discharge. Method: This was a cross-sectional study including all subjects consecutively discharged from the ICU during 1-year period. During the first week after ICU discharge, QoL was assessed through WHOQoL-Bref questionnaire and PFS through the Karnofsky Performance Status and modified-Barthel index, and retrospectively compared with the pre-admission status (variation [Δ] of indexes). Results: During the study, 160 subjects met the inclusion criteria. Subjects receiving MV presented PFS impairment (Δ Karnofsky Performance Status [-19.7 ± 20.0 vs. -14.9 ± 18.2; p=0.04] and Δ modified-Barthel index [-17.4 ± 12.8 vs. -13.2 ± 12.9; p=0.05]) compared with those who did not receive MV. Duration of MV was a good predictor of PFS (Δ Karnofsky Performance Status [-14.6-1.12 * total days of MV; p=0.01] and Δ modified-Barthel index [-14.2-0.74 * total days of MV; p=0.01]). QoL, assessed by WHOQoL-Bref, showed no difference between groups (14.0 ± 1.8 vs. 14.5 ± 1.9; p=0.14), and the duration of MV did not influence QoL (WHOQoL-Bref scale [14.2-0.05* total days of MV; p=0.43]). Conclusion: Need for MV and duration of MV decrease patient PFS after ICU discharge.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto da necessidade de ventilação mecânica (VM) e sua duração na qualidade de vida (QV) e no estado funcional físico (EFF) dos pacientes após a alta imediata da UTI. Método: Estudo transversal incluindo todos os pacientes que, consecutivamente, tiveram alta da UTI durante um período de um ano. Durante a primeira semana após a alta da UTI, a QV foi avaliada através do questionário WHOQoL-Bref e o EFF através do índice de Karnofsky e do índice de Barthel modificado, comparados retrospectivamente com o estado pré-admissão (variação [Δ] dos índices). Resultados: Durante o estudo, 160 indivíduos preencheram os critérios de inclusão. Os indivíduos submetidos a VM apresentaram maior prejuízo no EFF (Δ Karnofsky [-19,7 ± 20,0 vs. -14,9 ± 18,2; p=0,04] e Δ Barthel modificado [-17,4 ± 12,8 vs. -13,2 ± 12,9; p=0,05]) quando comparados aos pacientes sem VM. A duração da VM foi um bom preditor de redução do EFF (Δ Karnofsky [-14,6-1,12 * dias totais de VM; p=0,01] e Δ Barthel modificado [-14,2-0,74 * dias totais de VM; p=0,01]). A QV, avaliada pelo WHOQoL-Bref, não mostrou diferença entre os grupos (14,0 ± 1,8 vs. 14,5 ± 1,9; p=0,14) e a duração da VM não influenciou a QV (WHOQoL-Bref [14,2-0,05 * dias totais de VM; p=0,43]). Conclusão: A necessidade e a duração do VM reduzem a performance física dos pacientes após a alta da UTI.

5.
Crit Care Med ; 45(10): 1660-1667, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28671901

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of an extended visitation model compared with a restricted visitation model on the occurrence of delirium among ICU patients. DESIGN: Prospective single-center before and after study. SETTING: Thirty-one-bed medical-surgical ICU. PATIENTS: All patients greater than or equal to 18 years old with expected length of stay greater than or equal to 24 hours consecutively admitted to the ICU from May 2015 to November 2015. INTERVENTIONS: Change of visitation policy from a restricted visitation model (4.5 hr/d) to an extended visitation model (12 hr/d). MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Two hundred eighty-six patients were enrolled (141 restricted visitation model, 145 extended visitation model). The primary outcome was the cumulative incidence of delirium, assessed bid using the confusion assessment method for the ICU. Predefined secondary outcomes included duration of delirium/coma; any ICU-acquired infection; ICU-acquired bloodstream infection, pneumonia, and urinary tract infection; all-cause ICU mortality; and length of ICU stay. The median duration of visits increased from 133 minutes (interquartile range, 97.7-162.0) in restricted visitation model to 245 minutes (interquartile range, 175.0-272.0) in extended visitation model (p < 0.001). Fourteen patients (9.6%) developed delirium in extended visitation model compared with 29 (20.5%) in restricted visitation model (adjusted relative risk, 0.50; 95% CI, 0.26-0.95). In comparison with restricted visitation model patients, extended visitation model patients had shorter length of delirium/coma (1.5 d [interquartile range, 1.0-3.0] vs 3.0 d [interquartile range, 2.5-5.0]; p = 0.03) and ICU stay (3.0 d [interquartile range, 2.0-4.0] vs 4.0 d [interquartile range, 2.0-6.0]; p = 0.04). The rate of ICU-acquired infections and all-cause ICU mortality did not differ significantly between the two study groups. CONCLUSIONS: In this medical-surgical ICU, an extended visitation model was associated with reduced occurrence of delirium and shorter length of delirium/coma and ICU stay.


Assuntos
Delírio/prevenção & controle , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Visitas a Pacientes , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Coma/epidemiologia , Estudos Controlados Antes e Depois , Infecção Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Delírio/epidemiologia , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
7.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 66(2): 204-207, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-777412

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The incidence of difficult airway reaches 10% of emergency intubations. Although few studies address the use of handmade introducer guides in emergency and intensive care environment, there are descriptions of handmade guides available on the Internet. We describe a case series on the use of a handmade introducer guide (bougie) for emergency intubation in patients with difficult airway. CASE REPORT: The handmade introducer guide was used in five consecutive patients with difficult airways, and clinical instability and in the absence of another immediate method to obtain an airway. This technique provided successful intubation and there were no complications. CONCLUSIONS: The use of the handmade introducer guide can be a useful option for the management of difficult airways.


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A incidência de via aérea difícil chega a 10% das intubações de emergência. Ainda que poucos estudos abordem o emprego de guia introdutor artesanal no ambiente de emergência e terapia intensiva, há descrições de guias produzidas de forma artesanal disponíveis na internet. Nosso objetivo é descrever uma série de casos sobre o uso de um guia introdutor (Bougie) artesanal para intubação de emergência em pacientes com Via Aérea Difícil. RELATO DE CASO: O guia introdutor artesanal foi utilizado em cinco pacientes consecutivos com via aérea difícil, instabilidade clínica e falta de outro método imediato para a obtenção de uma via aérea. Essa técnica proporcionou sucesso na intubação e não houve complicações. CONCLUSÕES: A utilização do guia introdutor artesanal pode ser uma opção útil para o manejo de via aérea difícil.

8.
Braz J Anesthesiol ; 66(2): 204-7, 2016 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26952232

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The incidence of difficult airway reaches 10% of emergency intubations. Although few studies address the use of handmade introducer guides in emergency and intensive care environment, there are descriptions of handmade guides available on the Internet. We describe a case series on the use of a handmade introducer guide (bougie) for emergency intubation in patients with difficult airway. CASE REPORT: The handmade introducer guide was used in five consecutive patients with difficult airways, and clinical instability and in the absence of another immediate method to obtain an airway. This technique provided successful intubation and there were no complications. CONCLUSIONS: The use of the handmade introducer guide can be a useful option for the management of difficult airways.


Assuntos
Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/métodos , Emergências , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Adolescente , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/instrumentação , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Masculino
9.
Rev Bras Anestesiol ; 66(2): 204-7, 2016 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26546210

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The incidence of difficult airway reaches 10% of emergency intubations. Although few studies address the use of handmade introducer guides in emergency and intensive care environment, there are descriptions of handmade guides available on the Internet. We describe a case series on the use of a handmade introducer guide (bougie) for emergency intubation in patients with difficult airway. CASE REPORT: The handmade introducer guide was used in five consecutive patients with difficult airways, and clinical instability and in the absence of another immediate method to obtain an airway. This technique provided successful intubation and there were no complications. CONCLUSIONS: The use of the handmade introducer guide can be a useful option for the management of difficult airways.

11.
Rev Bras Ter Intensiva ; 26(3): 263-8, 2014 Jul-Sep.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25295820

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In clinical intensive care practice, weaning from mechanical ventilation is accompanied by concurrent early patient mobilization. The aim of this study was to compare the success of extubation performed with patients seated in an armchair compared to extubation with patients in a supine position. METHODS: A retrospective study, observational and non-randomized was conducted in a mixed-gender, 23-bed intensive care unit. The primary study outcome was success of extubation, which was defined as the patient tolerating the removal of the endotracheal tube for at least 48 hours. The differences between the study groups were assessed using Student's t-test and chi-squared analysis. RESULTS: Ninety-one patients were included from December 2010 and June 2011. The study population had a mean age of 71 years ± 12 months, a mean APACHE II score of 21±7.6, and a mean length of mechanical ventilation of 2.6±2 days. Extubation was performed in 33 patients who were seated in an armchair (36%) and in 58 patients in a supine position (64%). There were no significant differences in age, mean APACHE II score or length of mechanical ventilation between the two groups, and a similar extubation success rate was observed (82%, seated group versus 85%, supine group, p>0.05). Furthermore, no significant differences were found between the two groups in terms of post-extubation distress, need for tracheostomy, duration of mechanical ventilation weaning, or intensive care unit stay. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that the clinical outcomes of patients extubated in a seated position are similar to those of patients extubated in a supine position. This new practice of seated extubation was not associated with adverse events and allowed extubation to occur simultaneously with early mobilization.


Assuntos
Extubação/métodos , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Postura/fisiologia , Desmame do Respirador/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Respiração Artificial , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
12.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 26(3): 263-268, Jul-Sep/2014. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-723288

RESUMO

Objetivo: O desmame da ventilação mecânica é acompanhado, na prática clínica em terapia intensiva, de concomitante mobilização precoce do paciente. O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar o sucesso da extubação realizada com pacientes sentados em uma poltrona à extubação de pacientes na posição supina. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo, observacional e não randomizado em uma unidade de terapia intensiva de 23 leitos, que atende pacientes clínicos e cirúrgicos. O desfecho primário do estudo foi o sucesso da extubação, definido como a tolerância da remoção do tubo endotraqueal por, pelo menos, 48 horas. As diferenças entre os grupos do estudo foram avaliadas utilizando-se o teste t de Student e o qui quadrado. Resultados: Foram incluídos 91 pacientes no período compreendido entre dezembro de 2010 e junho de 2011. A população do estudo tinha uma média de idade de 71 anos ± 12 meses, escore APACHE II médio de 21±7,6 e duração média da ventilação mecânica de 2,6±2 dias. A extubação foi realizada em 33 pacientes enquanto permaneciam sentados em uma poltrona (36%) e 58 pacientes mantidos em posição supina (64%). Não houve diferenças significantes entre os grupos em termos de idade, escore médio APACHE II ou duração da ventilação mecânica. Foi observada uma taxa de sucesso da extubação similar entre os grupos sentado (82%) e em posição supina (85%), com p>0,05. Além disso, não se encontraram diferenças significantes entre os dois grupos em termos de disfunção respiratória pós-extubação, necessidade de traqueostomia, duração do desmame da ventilação mecânica, ou tempo de permanência ...


Objective: In clinical intensive care practice, weaning from mechanical ventilation is accompanied by concurrent early patient mobilization. The aim of this study was to compare the success of extubation performed with patients seated in an armchair compared to extubation with patients in a supine position. Methods: A retrospective study, observational and non-randomized was conducted in a mixed-gender, 23-bed intensive care unit. The primary study outcome was success of extubation, which was defined as the patient tolerating the removal of the endotracheal tube for at least 48 hours. The differences between the study groups were assessed using Student's t-test and chi-squared analysis. Results: Ninety-one patients were included from December 2010 and June 2011. The study population had a mean age of 71 years ± 12 months, a mean APACHE II score of 21±7.6, and a mean length of mechanical ventilation of 2.6±2 days. Extubation was performed in 33 patients who were seated in an armchair (36%) and in 58 patients in a supine position (64%). There were no significant differences in age, mean APACHE II score or length of mechanical ventilation between the two groups, and a similar extubation success rate was observed (82%, seated group versus 85%, supine group, p>0.05). Furthermore, no significant differences were found between the two groups in terms of post-extubation distress, need for tracheostomy, duration of mechanical ventilation weaning, or intensive care unit stay. Conclusion: Our results suggest that the clinical outcomes of patients extubated in a seated position are similar to those of patients extubated in a supine position. This new practice of seated extubation was not associated with adverse events and allowed extubation to occur simultaneously with early mobilization. .


Assuntos
Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Extubação/métodos , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Postura/fisiologia , Desmame do Respirador/métodos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Respiração Artificial , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
13.
Rev Bras Ter Intensiva ; 25(3): 218-24, 2013 Jul-Sep.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24213085

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the functional and psychological features of patients immediately after discharge from the intensive care unit. METHODS: Prospective cohort study. Questionnaires and scales assessing the degree of dependence and functional capacity (modified Barthel and Karnofsky scales) and psychological problems (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), in addition to the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, were administered during interviews conducted over the first week after intensive care unit discharge, to all survivors who had been admitted to this service from August to November 2012 and had remained longer than 72 hours. RESULTS: The degree of dependence as measured by the modified Barthel scale increased after intensive care unit discharge compared with the data before admission (57 ± 30 versus 47 ± 36; p < 0.001) in all 79 participants. This impairment was homogeneous among all the categories in the modified Barthel scale (p < 0.001) in the 64 participants who were independent or partially dependent (Karnofsky score ≥ 40) before admission. The impairment affected the categories of personal hygiene (p = 0.01) and stair climbing (p = 0.04) only in the 15 participants who were highly dependent (Karnofsky score < 40) before admission. Assessment of the psychological changes identified mood disorders (anxiety and/or depression) in 31% of the sample, whereas sleep disorders occurred in 43.3%. CONCLUSIONS: Patients who remained in an intensive care unit for 72 hours or longer exhibited a reduced functional capacity and an increased degree of dependence during the first week after intensive care unit discharge. In addition, the incidence of depressive symptoms, anxiety, and sleep disorders was high among that population.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Alta do Paciente , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 25(3): 218-224, Jul-Sep/2013. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-690288

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Avaliar aspectos funcionais e psicológicos dos pacientes imediatamente após alta da unidade de terapia intensiva. MÉTODOS: Coorte prospectiva. Na primeira semana após alta da unidade de terapia intensiva, por meio de uma entrevista estruturada, foram aplicados questionários e escalas referentes à avaliação do grau de dependência e da capacidade funcional (escalas de Barthel modificada e Karnofsky), e aos problemas psíquicos (questionário hospitalar de ansiedade e depressão), além da escala de sonolência de Epworth, em todos os sobreviventes com mais de 72 horas de internação na unidade de terapia intensiva, admitidos de agosto a novembro de 2012. RESULTADOS: Nos 79 pacientes incluídos no estudo, houve aumento do grau de dependência após a alta da unidade de terapia intensiva, quando comparados aos dados pré-hospitalização, por meio da escala de Barthel modificada (57±30 versus 47±36; p<0,001). Nos 64 pacientes independentes ou parcialmente dependentes previamente à internação (Karnofsky >40), o prejuízo foi uniforme em todas as categorias da escala de Barthel modificada (p<0,001). Já nos 15 pacientes previamente muito dependentes (Karnofsky <40), o prejuízo ocorreu somente nas categorias de higiene pessoal (p=0,01) e na capacidade de subir escadas (p=0,04). Na avaliação dos distúrbios psicológicos, os transtornos do humor (ansiedade e/ou depressão) ocorreram em 31% dos pacientes e os distúrbios do sono em 43,3%. CONCLUSÃO: Em pacientes internados na unidade de terapia intensiva por 72 horas ou mais, observaram-se redução da capacidade funcional e aumento do grau de dependência na primeira semana após alta da unidade de terapia intensiva, bem como elevada incidência de sintomas depressivos, de ...


OBJECTIVE: To assess the functional and psychological features of patients immediately after discharge from the intensive care unit. METHODS: Prospective cohort study. Questionnaires and scales assessing the degree of dependence and functional capacity (modified Barthel and Karnofsky scales) and psychological problems (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), in addition to the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, were administered during interviews conducted over the first week after intensive care unit discharge, to all survivors who had been admitted to this service from August to November 2012 and had remained longer than 72 hours. RESULTS: The degree of dependence as measured by the modified Barthel scale increased after intensive care unit discharge compared with the data before admission (57±30 versus 47±36; p<0.001) in all 79 participants. This impairment was homogeneous among all the categories in the modified Barthel scale (p<0.001) in the 64 participants who were independent or partially dependent (Karnofsky score ≥40) before admission. The impairment affected the categories of personal hygiene (p=0.01) and stair climbing (p=0.04) only in the 15 participants who were highly dependent (Karnofsky score <40) before admission. Assessment of the psychological changes identified mood disorders (anxiety and/or depression) in 31% of the sample, whereas sleep disorders occurred in 43.3%. CONCLUSIONS: Patients who remained in an intensive care unit for 72 hours or longer exhibited a reduced functional capacity and an increased degree of dependence during the first week after intensive care unit discharge. In addition, the incidence of depressive symptoms, anxiety, and sleep disorders was high among that population. .


Assuntos
Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Alta do Paciente , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Atividades Cotidianas , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Prospectivos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Tempo
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