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1.
Respir Care ; 62(5): 615-622, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28196934

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer patients may require intensive care support for postoperative care, complications associated with underlying malignancy, or toxicities related to cancer therapy. The higher mortality rates found in this population than in the population of ICU patients without cancer may be attributable to confounding due to a higher prevalence of multiple organic dysfunctions at ICU admission in patients with malignancy; however, data regarding this hypothesis are scarce. Accordingly, we performed the present study to compare the crude and propensity score-matched mortality rates between adult subjects with and without cancer admitted to a mixed medical-surgical ICU. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of a comprehensive longitudinal ICU database in a tertiary referral hospital in Southern Brazil. All adult subjects who were admitted to the ICU from January 2008 to December 2014 were evaluated. Crude and propensity score-matched all-cause 30-d mortality rates of critically ill subjects with cancer were compared with those of critically ill subjects without cancer. RESULTS: A total of 4,221 subjects were evaluated. The survival analysis revealed that the crude mortality rate was higher among subjects with cancer than among subjects without cancer (18.7% vs 10.2%, P < .001). However, after matching by propensity score, the 30-d mortality rates of subjects with and without cancer were similar (18.5% vs 15.2%, P = .17). CONCLUSIONS: The present study failed to show an association between malignancy and all-cause 30-d mortality rate in adult subjects admitted to a mixed medical-surgical ICU. The propensity score-matched analysis showed no evidence of excessive mortality due to cancer diagnosis.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Causas de Morte , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
3.
J Bras Pneumol ; 38(3): 364-71, 2012 May-Jun.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22782607

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the predictive accuracy of clinical judgment alone can be improved by supplementing it with an objective weaning protocol as a decision support tool. METHODS: This was a multicenter prospective cohort study carried out at three medical/surgical ICUs. The study involved all consecutive difficult-to-wean ICU patients (failure in the first spontaneous breathing trial [SBT]), on mechanical ventilation (MV) for more than 48 h, admitted between January of 2002 and December of 2005. The patients in the protocol group (PG) were extubated after a T-piece weaning trial and were compared with patients who were otherwise extubated (non-protocol group, NPG). The primary outcome measure was reintubation within 48 h after extubation. RESULTS: We included 731 patients-533 (72.9%) and 198 (27.1%) in the PG and NPG, respectively. The overall reintubation rate was 17.9%. The extubation success rates in the PG and NPG were 86.7% and 69.6%, respectively (p < 0.001). There were no significant differences between the groups in terms of age, gender, severity score, or pre-inclusion time on MV. However, COPD was more common in the NPG than in the PG (44.4% vs. 17.6%; p < 0.001), whereas sepsis and being a post-operative patient were more common in the PG (23.8% vs. 11.6% and 42.4% vs. 26.4%, respectively; p < 0.001 for both). The time on MV after the failure in the first SBT was higher in the PG than in the NPG (9 ± 5 days vs. 7 ± 2 days; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In this sample of difficult-to-wean patients, the use of a weaning protocol improved the decision-making process, decreasing the possibility of extubation failure.


Assuntos
Extubação/efeitos adversos , Extubação/estatística & dados numéricos , Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Tomada de Decisões , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Desmame do Respirador/métodos , Extubação/métodos , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Falha de Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
J. bras. pneumol ; 38(3): 364-371, maio-jun. 2012. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-640760

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Determinar se a acurácia preditiva do julgamento clínico isolado pode ser melhorada com o uso suplementar de um protocolo de desmame objetivo como ferramenta de suporte para a tomada de decisão. MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo multicêntrico de coorte realizado em três UTIs clínicas/cirúrgicas. Foram incluídos no estudo todos os pacientes de difícil desmame (falha no primeiro teste de ventilação espontânea [TVE]), sob ventilação mecânica (VM) por mais de 48 h, admitidos em uma das UTIs entre janeiro de 2002 e dezembro de 2005. Os pacientes do grupo protocolo (GP) foram extubados após teste de tubo T de acordo com um protocolo de desmame e comparados com o grupo de pacientes extubados sem o uso do protocolo (GNP). O desfecho primário foi a taxa de reintubação em até 48 h após a extubação. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 731 pacientes - 533 (72,9%) no GP e 198 (27,1%) no GNP. A taxa global de reintubação foi de 17,9%. As taxas de sucesso da extubação no GP e no GNP foram 86,7% e 69,6%, respectivamente (p < 0,001). Não houve diferenças significativas entre os grupos quanto a idade, gênero, escore de gravidade e tempo de VM antes da inclusão. Entretanto, DPOC foi mais frequente no GNP que no GP (44,4% vs. 17,6%; p < 0,001), ao passo que pacientes sépticos e em pós-operatório foram mais comuns no GP (23,8% vs. 11,6% e 42,4% vs. 26,4%, respectivamente; p < 0,001 para ambos). O tempo de VM após a falha no primeiro TVE foi maior no GP que no GNP (9 ± 5 dias vs. 7 ± 2 dias; p < 0,001). CONCLUSÕES: Nesta amostra de pacientes de difícil desmame, o uso de um protocolo de desmame melhorou o processo decisório, reduzindo a possibilidade de falha na extubação.


OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the predictive accuracy of clinical judgment alone can be improved by supplementing it with an objective weaning protocol as a decision support tool. METHODS: This was a multicenter prospective cohort study carried out at three medical/surgical ICUs. The study involved all consecutive difficult-to-wean ICU patients (failure in the first spontaneous breathing trial [SBT]), on mechanical ventilation (MV) for more than 48 h, admitted between January of 2002 and December of 2005. The patients in the protocol group (PG) were extubated after a T-piece weaning trial and were compared with patients who were otherwise extubated (non-protocol group, NPG). The primary outcome measure was reintubation within 48 h after extubation. RESULTS: We included 731 patients-533 (72.9%) and 198 (27.1%) in the PG and NPG, respectively. The overall reintubation rate was 17.9%. The extubation success rates in the PG and NPG were 86.7% and 69.6%, respectively (p < 0.001). There were no significant differences between the groups in terms of age, gender, severity score, or pre-inclusion time on MV. However, COPD was more common in the NPG than in the PG (44.4% vs. 17.6%; p < 0.001), whereas sepsis and being a post-operative patient were more common in the PG (23.8% vs. 11.6% and 42.4% vs. 26.4%, respectively; p < 0.001 for both). The time on MV after the failure in the first SBT was higher in the PG than in the NPG (9 ± 5 days vs. 7 ± 2 days; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In this sample of difficult-to-wean patients, the use of a weaning protocol improved the decision-making process, decreasing the possibility of extubation failure.


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Extubação/efeitos adversos , Extubação/estatística & dados numéricos , Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Tomada de Decisões , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Desmame do Respirador/métodos , Extubação/métodos , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Falha de Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Crit Care Med ; 38(2): 491-6, 2010 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19789441

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive value of central venous saturation to detect extubation failure in difficult-to-wean patients. DESIGN: Cohort, multicentric, clinical study. SETTING: Three medical-surgical intensive care units. PATIENTS: All difficult-to-wean patients (defined as failure to tolerate the first 2-hr T-tube trial), mechanically ventilated for >48 hrs, were extubated after undergoing a two-step weaning protocol (measurements of predictors followed by a T-tube trial). Extubation failure was defined as the need of reintubation within 48 hrs. INTERVENTIONS: The weaning protocol evaluated hemodynamic and ventilation parameters, and arterial and venous gases during mechanical ventilation (immediately before T-tube trial), and at the 30th min of spontaneous breathing trial. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Seventy-three patients were enrolled in the study over a 6-mo period. Reintubation rate was 42.5%. Analysis by logistic regression revealed that central venous saturation was the only variable able to discriminate outcome of extubation. Reduction of central venous saturation by >4.5% was an independent predictor of reintubation, with odds ratio of 49.4 (95% confidence interval 12.1-201.5), a sensitivity of 88%, and a specificity of 95%. Reduction of central venous saturation during spontaneous breathing trial was associated with extubation failure and could reflect the increase of respiratory muscles oxygen consumption. CONCLUSIONS: Central venous saturation was an early and independent predictor of extubation failure and may be a valuable accurate parameter to be included in weaning protocols of difficult-to-wean patients.


Assuntos
Oxigênio/sangue , Desmame do Respirador , Gasometria , Estudos de Coortes , Intervalos de Confiança , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Intubação Intratraqueal , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Consumo de Oxigênio , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento , Desmame do Respirador/métodos
6.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 38(1): 40-47, Jan.-Mar. 2001.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-290416

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long-term administration of carbon tetrachloride is an accepted experimental model to produce hepatic fibrosis. Oxidative stress has been postulated as a major molecular mechanism involved in carbon tetrachloride hepatotoxicity, where the reactive oxygen species play an important role in the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis. AIMS: This study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of an experimental model of hepatic cirrhosis induced by carbon tetrachloride inhalation as well as the importance of lipid peroxidation and the characteristics of the ascitic fluid in this model. METHODS: At first the hepatic histologic findings were assessed using the hematoxilineosin technique in different moments of carbon tetrachloride inhalation (5th, 7th, 9th, 12th weeks). Later, at the end of 15 weeks of the study the rats were divided in three groups (control; control + phenobarbital; and carbon tetrachloride + phenobarbital) for lipid peroxidation, ascitic fluid and histologic characteristics evaluation. For the lipid peroxidation analysis, thiobarbituric acid and QL techniques were used. Cytologic and bacteriologic parameters were analysed in the ascitic fluid. RESULTS: Cirrhosis was established in 100 per cent of carbon tetrachloride rats between the 12th and 15th weeks with an elevation in the lipid peroxidation carbon tetrachloride rats' livers. Ascitic fluid infection was observed in one of seven rats who has developed ascites. CONCLUSIONS: The carbon tetrachloride inhalation method developed in this study is effective in cirrhosis induction and ascites formation, and the carbon tetrachloride cirrhosis physiopathogenesis is probably related to the oxidative stress installation.


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Líquido Ascítico/química , Tetracloreto de Carbono/toxicidade , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/fisiologia , Cirrose Hepática Experimental/patologia , Fígado/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Administração por Inalação , Tetracloreto de Carbono/toxicidade , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Peróxidos Lipídicos/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Cirrose Hepática Experimental/metabolismo , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Ratos Wistar
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