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1.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 13(28): 6400-6406, 2022 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35802799

RESUMO

Thin films of diluted magnetic alloys are widely used in superconducting spintronics devices. Most studies rely on transport measurements and assume homogeneous magnetic layers. Here we examine on a local scale the electronic properties of the well-known two-layer superconductor/ferromagnet structure Nb/CuNi. Scanning tunneling spectroscopy experiments demonstrated significant spatial variations of the tunneling conductance on nanoscale, with characteristic gapped, nongapped, and strongly zero-bias peaked spectra. The microscopic theory successfully reproduced the observed spectra and relied them to spatial variations of CuNi film thickness and composition, leading to strong variations of the effective exchange energy. The observed inhomogeneities put constraints on the use of diluted magnetic alloys in nanoscale devices.

2.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(37): 9068-9075, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516738

RESUMO

We report on structural and electronic properties of superconducting nanohybrids made of Pb grown in the ultrahigh vacuum on the atomically clean surface of single crystals of topological Bi2Te3. In situ scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy demonstrated that the resulting network is composed of Pb-nanoislands dispersed on the surface and linked together by an amorphous atomic layer of Pb, which wets Bi2Te3. As a result, the superconducting state of the system is characterized by a thickness-dependent superconducting gap of Pb-islands and by a very unusual position-independent proximity gap between them. Furthermore, the data analysis and DFT calculations demonstrate that the Pb-wetting layer leads to significant modifications of both topological and trivial electronic states of Bi2Te3, which are responsible for the observed long-range proximity effect.

3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(11): 117003, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32975960

RESUMO

We study the unconventional superconducting correlations caused by a single isolated magnetic impurity in a conventional s-wave superconductor. Because of the local breaking of time-reversal symmetry, the impurity induces unconventional superconductivity, which is even in both space and spin variables but odd under time inversion. We derive an exact proportionality relation between the even-frequency component of the local electron density of states and the imaginary part of the odd-frequency local pairing function. By applying this relation to scanning tunneling microscopy spectra taken on top of magnetic impurities immersed in a Pb/Si(111) monolayer, we show experimental evidence of the occurrence of the odd-frequency pairing in these systems and explicitly extract its superconducting function from the data.

5.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4009, 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488813

RESUMO

Josephson vortices play an essential role in superconducting quantum electronics devices. Often seen as purely conceptual topological objects, 2π-phase singularities, their observation and manipulation are challenging. Here we show that in Superconductor-Normal metal-Superconductor lateral junctions Josephson vortices have a peculiar magnetic fingerprint that we reveal in Magnetic Force Microscopy (MFM) experiments. Based on this discovery, we demonstrate the possibility of the Josephson vortex generation and manipulation by the magnetic tip of a MFM, thus paving a way for the remote inspection and control of individual nano-components of superconducting quantum circuits.

6.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2587, 2019 06 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31197131

RESUMO

Majorana zero modes are fractional quantum excitations appearing in pairs, each pair being a building block for quantum computation. Some signatures of Majorana zero modes have been reported at endpoints of one-dimensional systems, which are however required to be extremely clean. An alternative are two-dimensional topological superconductors, such as the Pb/Co/Si(111) system shown recently to be immune to local disorder. Here, we use scanning tunneling spectroscopy to characterize a disordered superconducting monolayer of Pb coupled to underlying Co-Si magnetic islands. We show that pairs of zero modes are stabilized: one zero mode positioned in the middle of the magnetic domain and its partner extended all around the domain. The zero mode pair is remarkably robust, isolated within a hard superconducting gap. Our theoretical scenario supports the protected Majorana nature of this zero mode pair, highlighting the role of magnetic or spin-orbit coupling textures.

7.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 2277, 2018 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29891870

RESUMO

Vortices in quantum condensates exist owing to a macroscopic phase coherence. Here we show, both experimentally and theoretically, that a quantum vortex with a well-defined core can exist in a rather thick normal metal, proximized with a superconductor. Using scanning tunneling spectroscopy we reveal a proximity vortex lattice at the surface of 50 nm-thick Cu-layer deposited on Nb. We demonstrate that these vortices have regular round cores in the centers of which the proximity minigap vanishes. The cores are found to be significantly larger than the Abrikosov vortex cores in Nb, which is related to the effective coherence length in the proximity region. We develop a theoretical approach that provides a fully self-consistent picture of the evolution of the vortex with the distance from Cu/Nb interface, the interface impedance, applied magnetic field, and temperature. Our work opens a way for the accurate tuning of the superconducting properties of quantum hybrids.

8.
Nat Commun ; 8(1): 2040, 2017 12 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29230031

RESUMO

Just like insulators can present topological phases characterized by Dirac edge states, superconductors can exhibit topological phases characterized by Majorana edge states. In particular, one-dimensional topological superconductors are predicted to host zero-energy Majorana fermions at their extremities. By contrast, two-dimensional superconductors have a one-dimensional boundary which would naturally lead to propagating Majorana edge states characterized by a Dirac-like dispersion. In this paper we present evidences of one-dimensional dispersive in-gap edge states surrounding a two-dimensional topological superconducting domain consisting of a monolayer of Pb covering magnetic Co-Si islands grown on Si(111). We interpret the measured dispersive in-gap states as a spatial topological transition with a gap closure. Our method could in principle be generalized to a large variety of heterostructures combining a Rashba superconductor with a magnetic layer in order to be used as a platform for engineering topological quantum phases.

9.
Nano Lett ; 13(8): 3648-53, 2013 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23826620

RESUMO

We study the Mott insulator compound GaTa4Se8 in which we previously discovered an electric-field-induced resistive transition. We show that the resistive switching is associated to the appearance of metallic and super-insulating nanodomains by means of scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy (STM/STS). Moreover, we show that local electronic transitions can be controlled at the nanoscale at room temperature using the electric field of the STM tip. This opens the way for possible applications in resistive random access memories (RRAM) devices.

10.
Nano Lett ; 12(4): 2051-5, 2012 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22448753

RESUMO

We investigated the electronic properties of highly ordered three-dimensional colloidal crystals of gold nanocrystals (7 ± 0.4 nm), called supracrystals. Two kinds of Au supracrystals with typical thicknesses of 300 nm and 5 µm, respectively, are probed for the first time with scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy at 5 K revealing similar power law behavior and showing homogeneous conductance with the fingerprint of isolated nanocrystal. Potential applications evading the size-related risks of nanocrystals could be then considered.

11.
Phys Rev Lett ; 102(12): 127005, 2009 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19392315

RESUMO

We report a detailed scanning tunneling microscopy study of a superconductor in a strong vortex confinement regime. This is achieved in a thin nanoisland of Pb having a size d about 3 times the coherence length, and a thickness h such that h<

12.
Phys Rev Lett ; 100(2): 026806, 2008 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18232907

RESUMO

We demonstrate that the giant spin contrast observed by scanning tunneling microscopy for double-layer Coislands on Pt(111) is caused by adsorbates at the apex of the Cr-coated W tip. The most likely candidate, in ab initio simulations, is hydrogen. Here, the electron charge is highly polarized by the adjacent Cr layers. The hydrogen adsorption site is shown to change from hollow to on top due to the electric field at the tip apex, created by the tunnel voltage.

13.
Adv Mater ; 20(14): 2760-5, 2008 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25213903

RESUMO

Experimental evidence of a nonvolatile electric-pulse-induced insulator-to-metal transition and possible superconductivity in the Mott insulator GaTa4 Se8 is reported. Scanning tunneling microscopy experiments show that this unconventional response of the system to short electric pulses arises from a nanometer-scale electronic phase separation generated in the bulk material.

14.
Nano Lett ; 6(6): 1131-5, 2006 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16771567

RESUMO

Superconducting low dimensional systems are the natural choice for fast and sensitive infrared detection, because of their quantum nature and the low-noise, cryogenic operation environment. On the other hand, monochromatic and coherent electron beams, emitted from superconductors and carbon-based nanostructured materials, respectively, are significant for the development of electron optical systems such as electron microscopes and electron-beam nanofabrication systems. Here we describe for the first time a simple method which yields carbon nanotubes encapsulating single crystalline superconducting tin nanowires by employing the catalytic chemical vapor deposition method over solid tin dioxide. The superconducting tin nanowires, with diameters 15-35 nm, are covered with well-graphitized carbon walls and show, due to their reduced diameters, a critical magnetic field (Hc) more than 30 times higher than the value of bulk metallic tin.


Assuntos
Cristalização/métodos , Eletroquímica/métodos , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Nanotubos de Carbono/ultraestrutura , Estanho/química , Adsorção , Condutividade Elétrica , Teste de Materiais , Conformação Molecular , Tamanho da Partícula , Propriedades de Superfície , Estanho/análise
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