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1.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e242439, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468507

RESUMO

Plinia cauliflora (Mart.) Kausel, popularly known as jabuticaba, is rich in polyphenols. Phenolic compounds exhibit several biological properties, which reflect on biomarkers such as biochemical parameters. In the present study, we evaluated the plasmatic levels of glucose, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, and uric acid of Chinese hamsters fed for 45 days with a regular diet or cholesterol-enriched diet supplemented with a liquid extract obtained from P. cauliflora fruits residues standardized in ellagic acid and total phenolic compounds. The results showed that the concentrated extract obtained from jabuticaba residues increased the glycemia of animals fed with a regular diet and reduced the plasmatic uric acid levels of animals fed with a cholesterol-enriched diet. Since hyperuricemia is considered to be a significant risk factor of metabolic disorders and the principal pathological basis of gout, the liquid extract from P. cauliflora fruits residues would be a promising candidate as a novel hypouricaemic agent for further investigation.


Assuntos
Frutas , Myrtaceae , Animais , Cricetinae , Cricetulus , Fenóis , Extratos Vegetais
2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 268: 113618, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33271244

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Justicia pectoralis Jacq. (Acanthaceae), popularly known as tilo, chambá and anador, is widely used in folk medicine in Latin American countries as a sedative, anti-anxiety, reducing menopause symptoms and in the treatment of pathologies of the respiratory tract. Although J. pectoralis is widely used by the female population, there are no studies on the safety of using this species during pregnancy. AIM OF THIS STUDY: To evaluate the effects of prenatal treatment with dry extract from the aerial parts of J. pectoralis on maternal and developmental toxicity in Wistar rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Pregnant Wistar rats (n = 10/group) were treated from gestational day (GD) 0-20 with the vehicle (control group) or with the dry extract of J. pectoralis at doses of 300, 600 or 1200 mg/kg. During pregnancy, clinical signs of toxicity, maternal weight, feed and water intake were evaluated. On GD 21, rats were anesthetized and intracardiac blood was collected to evaluate biochemical parameters. During cesarean section, reproductive performance parameters were recorded. The liver, kidneys, uterus and ovaries were removed for histopathological analysis. Fetuses were examined for possible malformations and/or skeletal and visceral variations. RESULTS: Treatment with dry extract of J. pectoralis did not alter weight gain, feed intake or biochemical and maternal reproductive performance parameters There were also no significant histopathological changes in the maternal organs, as well as external, skeletal and visceral malformations in the fetuses. CONCLUSION: Oral administration of J. pectoralis dry extract during pregnancy did not induce maternal toxicity or embryotoxic and teratogenic effects.


Assuntos
Justicia, Planta , Exposição Materna , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Acanthaceae , Animais , Biomarcadores Farmacológicos/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/toxicidade , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/induzido quimicamente , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
3.
Adv Rheumatol ; 61: 32, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284980

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the perception of rheumatologists regarding the recommendations of the Brazilian Consensus for detection of Autoantibodies (BCA) on HEp-2 Cells by Indirect Immunofluorescence assay (IFA) and how BCA recommendations help in clinical practice. Methodology: A structured questionnaire regarding the BCA recommendations for detection and interpretations of autoantibodies in HEp-2 cells was applied to randomly selected rheumatologists. The results were tabulated using the Microsoft® Excel program, expressed as a simple percentage and the dichotomous data were analyzed using the Chi-square test and the Epi Info® program. Results: Four hundred fuorteen rheumatologists participated in the study: 70% of them considered their knowledge of the HEp-2 IFA test satisfactory or excellent, and 43% said they knew the BCA recommendations in general, without distinguishing the edition of the BCA to which they refer. The Revista Brasileira de Rheumatologia/ Advances in Rheumatology was the means of dissemination most consulted by specialists (50%). According to the rheumatologists' opinion, the most relevant pattern was the homogeneous nuclear (78%) and 65% stated they were satisfied with the BCA recommendations at a level of satisfaction greater than or equal to 80%. There was no significant difference in the perception of rheumatologists from the several Brazilian geographic regions. Conclusion: Brazilian rheumatologists are aware of the BCA guidelines and most are satisfied with the content published, considering that the BCA recommendations assist positively in the clinical practice. Most rheumatologists recognize the patterns associated with rheumatic autoimmune diseases and have used BCA recommendations to interpret the results of the HEp-2 IFA test.

4.
Adv Rheumatol ; 59(1): 28, 2019 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269997

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The V Brazilian Consensus for determination of autoantibodies against cellular constituents on HEp-2 cells, held in Brasilia (DF, Brazil) on August 27, 2016, discussed the harmonization between the Brazilian Consensus on ANA (BCA) guidelines and the International Consensus on ANA Patterns (ICAP) recommendations ( www.anapatterns.org ). Initial guidelines were formulated by the group of Brazilian experts with the purpose of guiding and enabling Brazilian clinical laboratories to adopt recommendations and to provide a common standard for national and international consensuses. MAINBODY: Twenty Brazilian researchers and experts from universities and clinical laboratories representing the various geographical regions of the country participated in the meeting. Three main topics were discussed, namely the harmonization between the BCA guidelines and latest recommendations of the ICAP initiative, the adjustment of the terminology and report on HEp-2 patterns, and a reassessment of quality assurance parameters. For the three topics, our aim was to establish specific guidelines. All recommendations were based on consensus among participants. There was concrete progress in the adjustment of the BCA guidelines to match the ICAP guidelines. To a certain extent, this derives from the fact that ICAP recommendations were largely based on the algorithm and recommendations of the IV Brazilian ANA Consensus, as consistently recognized in the ICAP publications and presentations. However, although there is great overlap between the two Consensuses, there are some point divergences. These specific items were individually and extensively discussed, and it was acknowledged that in several points ICAP improved recommendations previously issued by the Brazilian ANA Consensus and these changes were readily implemented. Regarding some specific topics, the BCA panel of experts felt that the previously issued recommendations remained relevant and possibly will require further discussion with ICAP. The term anti-cell antibodies was adopted as the recommended designation, recognizing that the assay addresses antibodies against antigens in the nucleus and in other cell compartments. However, the acronym ANA HEp-2 was maintained due to historical and regulatory reasons. It was also signalized that the latest trend in ICAP is to adopt the term Indirect Immunofluorescent Assay on HEp-2 cell substrate (HEp-2 IIFA). In addition, the quality assurance strategies previously presented were ratified and emphasized. CONCLUSION: The V BCA edition was successful in establishing an overall harmonization with the ICAP recommendations for interpretation of the HEp-2 IIFA test, pinpointing the perspectives in filling the remaining gaps between both initiatives.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antinucleares/análise , Consenso , Células Epiteliais/imunologia , Algoritmos , Autoantígenos/imunologia , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Controle de Qualidade , Terminologia como Assunto
5.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(7): 879-889, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30862649

RESUMO

The indirect immunofluorescence assay (IIFA) on HEp-2 cells is widely used for detection of antinuclear antibodies (ANA). The dichotomous outcome, negative or positive, is integrated in diagnostic and classification criteria for several systemic autoimmune diseases. However, the HEp-2 IIFA test has much more to offer: besides the titre or fluorescence intensity, it also provides fluorescence pattern(s). The latter include the nucleus and the cytoplasm of interphase cells as well as patterns associated with mitotic cells. The International Consensus on ANA Patterns (ICAP) initiative has previously reached consensus on the nomenclature and definitions of HEp-2 IIFA patterns. In the current paper, the ICAP consensus is presented on the clinical relevance of the 29 distinct HEp-2 IIFA patterns. This clinical relevance is primarily defined within the context of the suspected disease and includes recommendations for follow-up testing. The discussion includes how this information may benefit the clinicians in daily practice and how the knowledge can be used to further improve diagnostic and classification criteria.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antinucleares/análise , Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico , Técnica Indireta de Fluorescência para Anticorpo/normas , Doenças Autoimunes/imunologia , Biomarcadores/análise , Humanos , Cooperação Internacional
6.
Adv Rheumatol ; 59: 28, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088624

RESUMO

Abstract Background: The V Brazilian Consensus for determination of autoantibodies against cellular constituents on HEp-2 cells, held in Brasilia (DF, Brazil) on August 27, 2016, discussed the harmonization between the Brazilian Consensus on ANA (BCA) guidelines and the International Consensus on ANA Patterns (ICAP) recommendations (www.anapatterns.org). Initial guidelines were formulated by the group of Brazilian experts with the purpose of guiding and enabling Brazilian clinical laboratories to adopt recommendations and to provide a common standard for national and international consensuses. Mainbody: Twenty Brazilian researchers and experts from universities and clinical laboratories representing the various geographical regions of the country participated in the meeting. Three main topics were discussed, namely the harmonization between the BCA guidelines and latest recommendations of the ICAP initiative, the adjustment of the terminology and report on HEp-2 patterns, and a reassessment of quality assurance parameters. For the three topics, our aim was to establish specific guidelines. All recommendations were based on consensus among participants. There was concrete progress in the adjustment of the BCA guidelines to match the ICAP guidelines. To a certain extent, this derives from the fact that ICAP recommendations were largely based on the algorithm and recommendations of the IV Brazilian ANA Consensus, as consistently recognized in the ICAP publications and presentations. However, although there is great overlap between the two Consensuses, there are some point divergences. These specific items were individually and extensively discussed, and it was acknowledged that in several points ICAP improved recommendations previously issued by the Brazilian ANA Consensus and these changes were readily implemented. Regarding some specific topics, the BCA panel of experts felt that the previously issued recommendations remained relevant and possibly will require further discussion with ICAP. The term anti-cell antibodies was adopted as the recommended designation, recognizing that the assay addresses antibodies against antigens in the nucleus and in other cell compartments. However, the acronym ANA HEp-2 was maintained due to historical and regulatory reasons. It was also signalized that the latest trend in ICAP is to adopt the term Indirect Immunofluorescent Assay on HEp-2 cell substrate (HEp-2 IIFA). In addition, the quality assurance strategies previously presented were ratified and emphasized. Conclusion: The V BCA edition was successful in establishing an overall harmonization with the ICAP recommendations for interpretation of the HEp-2 IIFA test, pinpointing the perspectives in filling the remaining gaps between both initiatives.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/análise , Células Hep G2 , Anticorpos Antinucleares , Guias como Assunto/normas , Técnica Indireta de Fluorescência para Anticorpo/instrumentação
7.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 56(1): 28-36, jan.-fev. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-775210

RESUMO

Resumo Introdução/Objetivo: Evidências recentes sugerem que anormalidades que envolvem os linfócitos Th17 estão associadas à fisiopatologia do lúpus eritematoso sistêmico (LES). Além disso, os linfócitos T multifuncionais (LTM), ou seja, aqueles que produzem múltiplas citocinas simultaneamente, estão presentes no meio inflamatório e podem estar implicados no processo autoimune observado no LES. No presente estudo, objetiva-se caracterizar o estado funcional dos linfócitos T CD4+ no LES e determinar simultaneamente a concentração de IL-2, IFN-γ e IL-17 em culturas de linfócitos sob estímulos exógenos e autoantigênicos. Pacientes e métodos: Dezoito pacientes com doença ativa, 18 com doença inativa e 14 controles saudáveis foram submetidos à análise do estado funcional dos linfócitos T CD4+. Resultados: Encontrou-se que os pacientes com LES apresentaram uma diminuição na quantidade total de células CD4+, um aumento na quantidade de linfócitos T ativados e um aumento na frequência de linfócitos Th17 em comparação com controles saudáveis (HC). As células LTM tinha frequência aumentada em pacientes com LES e houve um aumento na frequência de LTM trifuncionais em pacientes com LES ativo em comparação com aqueles com LES inativo. Curiosamente, as células MTF produziram quantidades maiores de IFN-γ do que os linfócitos T monofuncionais em pacientes e controles. Conclusão: Analisados em conjunto, esses dados indicam a participação dos linfócitos Th17 recentemente ativados e células MTF na fisiopatologia do LES.


Abstract Introduction/Objective: Recent evidence suggests that abnormalities involving Th17 lymphocytes are associated with the pathophysiology of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In addition, multifunctional T cells (MFT), i. e., those producing multiple cytokines simultaneously, are present in the inflammatory milieu and may be implicated in the autoimmune process observed in SLE. In the present study, we aimed to characterize the functional status of CD4+ T cells in SLE by simultaneously determining the concentration of IL-2, IFN-γ and IL-17 in lymphocyte cultures under exogenous and self-antigenic stimuli. Patients and methods: Eighteen patients with active disease, 18 with inactive disease, and 14 healthy controls had functional status of CD4+ T cells analyzed. Results: We found that SLE patients presented a decreased number of total CD4+ cells, an increased number of activated T cells, and an increased frequency of Th17 cells compared to healthy controls (HC). MFT cells had increased frequency in SLE patients and there was an increased frequency of tri-functional MFT in patients with active SLE compared with those with inactive SLE. Interestingly, MTF cells produced larger amounts of IFNγ than mono-functional T cells in patients and controls. Conclusion: Taken together these data indicate the participation of recently activated Th17 cells and MTF cells in the SLE pathophysiology.


Assuntos
Humanos , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Células Th17/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Ativação Linfocitária , Citocinas , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , Citometria de Fluxo
8.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 61(4): 329-35, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26466214

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: aging is associated with several immunologic changes. Regulatory (Treg) and effector T cells are involved in the pathogenesis of infectious, neoplastic, and autoimmune diseases. Little is known about the effects of aging on the frequency and function of these T cell subpopulations. METHODS: peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were obtained from 26 young (under 44 years old) and 18 elderly (above 80 years old) healthy women. T cell subpopulations were analyzed by flow cytometry. RESULTS: elderly individuals had lower frequency of several activated effector T cell phenotypes as compared with young individuals: CD3+CD4+CD25+ (3.82±1.93 versus 9.53±4.49; p<0.0001); CD3+CD4+CD25+CD127+(2.39±1.19 versus 7.26±3.84; p<0.0001); CD3+CD4+CD25+ (0.41±0.22 versus 1.86±0.85, p<0.0001); and CD3+CD4+CD25highCD127+(0.06±0.038 versus 0.94±0.64, p<0.0001). Treg (CD3+CD4+CD25+CD127øFoxp3+) presented lower frequency in elderly individuals as compared to young adults (0.34±0.18 versus 0.76±0.48; p=0.0004) and its frequency was inversely correlated with age in the whole group (r=-0.439; p=0.013). The elderly group showed higher frequency of two undefined CD25øFoxp3+ phenotypes: CD3+CD4+CD25øFoxp3+(15.05±7.34 versus 1.65±1.71; p<0.0001) and CD3+CD4+CD25øCD127øFoxp3+(13.0±5.52 versus 3.51±2.87; p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: the altered proportion of different T cell subsets herein documented in healthy elderly women may be relevant to the understanding of the immunologic behavior and disease susceptibility patterns observed in geriatric patients.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/imunologia , Imunofenotipagem , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/citologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/citologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/citologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 61(4): 329-335, July-Aug. 2015. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-761708

RESUMO

SummaryIntroduction:aging is associated with several immunologic changes. Regulatory (Treg) and effector T cells are involved in the pathogenesis of infectious, neoplastic, and autoimmune diseases. Little is known about the effects of aging on the frequency and function of these T cell subpopulations.Methods:peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were obtained from 26 young (under 44 years old) and 18 elderly (above 80 years old) healthy women. T cell subpopulations were analyzed by flow cytometry.Results:elderly individuals had lower frequency of several activated effector T cell phenotypes as compared with young individuals: CD3+CD4+CD25+ (3.82±1.93 versus 9.53±4.49; p<0.0001); CD3+CD4+CD25+CD127+(2.39±1.19 versus 7.26±3.84; p<0.0001); CD3+CD4+CD25+ (0.41±0.22 versus 1.86±0.85, p<0.0001); and CD3+CD4+CD25highCD127+(0.06±0.038 versus 0.94±0.64, p<0.0001). Treg (CD3+CD4+CD25+CD127øFoxp3+) presented lower frequency in elderly individuals as compared to young adults (0.34±0.18 versus 0.76±0.48; p=0.0004) and its frequency was inversely correlated with age in the whole group (r=-0.439; p=0.013). The elderly group showed higher frequency of two undefined CD25øFoxp3+ phenotypes: CD3+CD4+CD25øFoxp3+(15.05±7.34 versus 1.65±1.71; p<0.0001) and CD3+CD4+CD25øCD127øFoxp3+(13.0±5.52 versus 3.51±2.87; p<0.0001).Conclusions:the altered proportion of different T cell subsets herein documented in healthy elderly women may be relevant to the understanding of the immunologic behavior and disease susceptibility patterns observed in geriatric patients.


ResumoIntrodução:o envelhecimento está associado a diversas alterações imunológicas. Células T reguladoras e efetoras estão envolvidas na patogênese de enfermidades infecciosas, neoplásicas e autoimunes. Pouco se sabe acerca dos efeitos da idade sobre a frequência e a função dessas populações celulares.Métodos:células mononucleares do sangue periférico foram obtidas de participantes saudáveis (26 com idade inferior a 44 anos e 18 acima de 80 anos). As subpopulações celulares foram analisadas por citometria de fluxo.Resultados:o grupo constituído por idosas apresentou menor frequência de vários fenótipos de células T efetoras ativadas em comparação com jovens: CD3+CD4+CD25+ (3,82±1,93 versus 9,53±4,49, p<0,0001); CD3+CD4+ CD25+CD127+ (2,39±1,19 versus7,26±3,84, p<0,0001); CD3+CD4+CD25high(0,41±0,22 versus 1,86±0,85, p<0,0001); CD3+CD4+CD25highCD127+(0,06±0,038 versus 0,94±0,64, p<0,0001). As células T reguladoras CD3+CD4+CD25highCD127øFoxP3+ apresentaram menor frequência em indivíduos idosos em comparação com adultos jovens (0,34±0,18 versus0,76±0,48, p=0,0004) e sua frequência foi inversamente correlacionada com a idade em todo o grupo (r=-0,439; p=0,013). O grupo de idosas apresentou maior frequência de dois fenótipos indefinidos (CD25øFoxP3+), células CD3+CD4+CD25øFoxP3+ (15,05±7,34 versus 1,65±1,71, p<0,0001) e células CD3+CD4+CD25øCD127øFoxP3+(13,0±5,52 versus 3,51±2,87, p<0,0001).Conclusão:as proporções alteradas de diferentes subpopulações de células T em idosas saudáveis contribuem para a compreensão dos padrões de comportamento e suscetibilidade a doenças imunológicas evidenciadas em pacientes geriátricos.


Assuntos
Adulto , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Envelhecimento/imunologia , Imunofenotipagem , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/citologia , Fatores Etários , Citometria de Fluxo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/citologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/citologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia
10.
Rev Bras Reumatol ; 54(1): 44-50, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24878791

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Fourth Brazilian Consensus for Autoantibodies Screening in HEp-2 Cells (ANA) was held in Vitória, Espírito Santo, and aimed to discuss strategies and recommendations about the technique, standardization, interpretation and quality control of the indirect immunofluorescence reaction on HEp-2 cells. METHODS: Twenty three ANA experts from university centers and private laboratories in different areas from Brazil discussed and agreed upon recommendations for the fourth edition of the Brazilian Consensus for Autoantibodies Screening in HEp-2 Cells. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The 4th ANA Consensus included three novel patterns into the existing algorithm (cytoplasmic Rods and Rings, nuclear Quasi-homogeneous, and CENP-F). Emphasis was given to the need of attention in describing the peculiar mixed pattern elicited by anti-DNA topoisomerase I (Scl-70) autoantibodies, comprising nuclear fine specked, nucleolar homogeneous pattern, NOR staining in metaphase plates, and cytoplasmic fine speckled patterns. The group also emphasized the need for continuous quality control in indirect immunofluorescence assays, the establishment of screening dilutions, as well as conjugate titration. An alert was made regarding the heterogeneity of commercial kits in defining patterns and the use of solid phase methodologies to determine the presence of autoantibodies.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/sangue , Autoanticorpos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral/imunologia , Células Epiteliais/imunologia , Brasil , Células Epiteliais/classificação , Técnica Indireta de Fluorescência para Anticorpo , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
11.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 54(1): 44-50, Jan-Feb/2014. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-704288

RESUMO

Objetivo: O IV Consenso Brasileiro para Pesquisa de Autoanticorpos em Células HEp-2 (FAN) realizado em Vitória (ES), no dia 18 de setembro de 2012, objetivou discutir estratégias e recomendações relacionadas ao procedimento técnico, à padronização e à interpretação dos resultados da pesquisa de autoanticorpos em células HEp-2. Métodos: Participaram do evento 23 pesquisadores e especialistas de Universidades e laboratórios brasileiros. Foram abordados diferentes tópicos, discutidos amplamente a fim de se estabelecer recomendações específicas. Resultados e conclusão: O IV Consenso integrou à árvore de decisão o padrão citoplasmático em Anéis e Bastões, o padrão nuclear pontilhado Quasi-homogêneo (QH) e o padrão misto CENP-F. Discutiu-se ainda a necessidade de atenção para a classificação do padrão misto relacionado à presença de anticorpos anti-DNA topoisomerase I (Scl70), compreendendo os componentes nuclear pontilhado fino, nucleolar homogêneo, NOR na placa metafásica e citoplasmático pontilhado fino. Foram sugeridas diretrizes para o controle de qualidade do teste, diluição de triagem e diluição de esgotamento, e foi emitido alerta quanto à necessidade de atenção em relação à heterogeneidade de substratos disponíveis no mercado e a utilização de metodologias automatizadas para detecção de autoanticorpos. .


Objective: The Fourth Brazilian Consensus for Autoantibodies Screening in HEp-2 Cells (ANA) was held in Vitória, Espírito Santo, and aimed to discuss strategies and recommendations about the technique, standardization, interpretation and quality control of the indirect immunofluorescence reaction on HEp-2 cells. Methods: Twenty three ANA experts from university centers and private laboratories in different areas from Brazil discussed and agreed upon recommendations for the fourth edition of the Brazilian Consensus for Autoantibodies Screening in HEp-2 Cells. Results and conclusion: The 4th ANA Consensus included three novel patterns into the existing algorithm (cytoplasmic Rods and Rings, nuclear Quasi-homogeneous, and CENP-F). Emphasis was given to the need of attention in describing the peculiar mixed pattern elicited by anti-DNA topoisomerase I (Scl-70) autoantibodies, comprising nuclear fine specked, nucleolar homogeneous pattern, NOR staining in metaphase plates, and cytoplasmic fine speckled patterns. The group also emphasized the need for continuous quality control in indirect immunofluorescence assays, the establishment of screening dilutions, as well as conjugate titration. An alert was made regarding the heterogeneity of commercial kits in defining patterns and the use of solid phase methodologies to determine the presence of autoantibodies. .


Assuntos
Humanos , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Autoanticorpos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral/imunologia , Células Epiteliais/imunologia , Brasil , Células Epiteliais/classificação , Técnica Indireta de Fluorescência para Anticorpo , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
12.
J. bras. patol. med. lab ; 49(3): 182-190, June 2013. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-684554

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Indirect immunofluorescence on HEp-2 cells is considered the gold standard for the detection of autoantibodies against cellular antigens. However, the culture conditions, cell fixation and permeabilization processes interfere directly in the preservation and spatial distribution of antigens. Therefore, one can assume that certain peculiarities in the processing of cellular substrate may affect the recognition of indirect immunofluorescence patterns associated with several autoantibodies. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a panel of serum samples representing nuclear, nucleolar, cytoplasmic, mitotic apparatus, and chromosome plate patterns on HEp-2 cell substrates from different suppliers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven blinded observers, independent from the three selected reference centers, evaluated 17 samples yielding different nuclear, nucleolar, cytoplasmic and mitotic apparatus patterns on HEp-2 cell slides from eight different brands. The slides were coded to maintain confidentiality of both brands and participating centers. RESULTS: The 17 HEp-2 cell patterns were identified on most substrates. Nonetheless, some slides showed deficit in the expression of several patterns: nuclear coarse speckled/U1-ribonucleoprotein associated with antibodies against RNP (U1RNP), centromeric protein F (CENP-F), proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), cytoplasmic fine speckled associated with anti-Jo-1 antibodies (histidyl synthetase), nuclear mitotic apparatus protein 1 (NuMA-1) and nuclear mitotic apparatus protein 2 (NuMA-2). CONCLUSION: Despite the overall good quality of the assessed HEp-2 substrates, there was considerable inconsistency in results among different commercial substrates. The variations may be due to the evaluated batches, hence generalizations cannot be made as to the respective brands. It is recommended that each new batch or new brand be tested with a panel of reference sera representing the various patterns.


INTRODUÇÃO: A imunofluorescência indireta (IFI) utilizando células HEp-2 como substrato antigênico é o teste padrão-ouro para a pesquisa de autoanticorpos contra antígenos celulares. Contudo, as condições de cultivo, fixação e permeabilização celular interferem diretamente na preservação e na distribuição espacial dos antígenos. Portanto, pode-se presumir que distintas condições no preparo das células possam interferir no reconhecimento dos padrões de imunofluorescência associados aos diversos autoanticorpos. OBJETIVO: Avaliar um painel de amostras de soro representativo de padrões nuclear, nucleolar, citoplasmático, de aparelho mitótico e de placa cromossômica em substratos de células HEp-2 de diferentes fornecedores. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Sete observadores blindados e independentes de três centros de referência avaliaram 17 amostras que apresentavam diferentes padrões nucleares, nucleolares, citoplasmáticos e associados ao aparelho mitótico em lâminas com células HEp-2 de oito procedências. As lâminas foram codificadas para manter a confidencialidade das marcas, bem como dos centros participantes. RESULTADOS: Os 17 padrões de imunofluorescência em células HEp-2 foram reconhecidos na maioria dos substratos. No entanto, alguns substratos mostraram déficit na apresentação de alguns padrões (nuclear pontilhado grosso/U1-ribonucleoprotein associado a anticorpos contra o RNP (U1 ribonucleoproteína), sugestivo da presença de anticorpos anti-CENP-F (proteína centromérica F), sugestivo de anticorpos contra antígenos de célula em proliferação (proliferating cell nuclear antigen [PCNA]), citoplasmático pontilhado fino associado a anticorpos anti-Jo-1 (histidil sintetase), anti-NuMA-1 (nuclear mitotic apparatus protein 1) e anti-NuMA-2 (nuclear mitotic apparatus protein 2). CONCLUSÃO: Em que pese a boa qualidade geral dos substratos avaliados, existe divergência nos resultados obtidos entre os diferentes substratos comerciais. As variações observadas podem ser devidas aos lotes avaliados, portanto não se pode generalizar para as respectivas marcas. Recomenda-se que cada novo lote ou marca de lâmina sejam testados com diferentes soros referência representativos dos diversos padrões.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antinucleares , Autoanticorpos , Imunofluorescência , Técnica Indireta de Fluorescência para Anticorpo
13.
Rev Bras Reumatol ; 50(4): 434-61, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21125178

RESUMO

The immune system consists of an intricate network of organs, cells, and molecules responsible for maintaining the body's homeostasis and responding to aggression in general. Innate immunity operates in conjunction with adaptive immunity and is characterized by rapid response to aggression, regardless of previous stimulus, being the organism first line of defense. Its mechanisms include physical, chemical and biological barriers, cellular components, as well as soluble molecules. The organism first line of defense against tissue damage involves several steps closely integrated and constituted by different components of this system. The aim of this review is to restore the foundations of this response, which has high complexity and consists of several components that converge to articulate the development of adaptive immune response. We selected some of the following steps to review: perception and molecular recognition of aggressive agents; activation of intracellular pathways, which result in vascular and tissue changes; production of a myriad of mediators with local and systemic effects on cell activation and proliferation, synthesis of new products involved in the chemoattraction and migration of cells specialized in destruction and removal of offending agent; and finally, tissue recovery with restoration of functional tissue or organ.


Assuntos
Imunidade Inata , Inflamação/imunologia , Quimiocinas/imunologia , Proteínas do Sistema Complemento/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Humanos , Inflamação/classificação , Mastócitos/imunologia
14.
Rev Bras Reumatol ; 50(5): 552-80, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21125191

RESUMO

The immune system consists of an intricate network of organs, cells, and molecules responsible for maintaining the body's homeostasis and responding to aggression in general. Innate immunity operates in conjunction with adaptive immunity and is characterized by rapid response to aggression, regardless of previous stimulus, being the organism first line of defense. Its mechanisms include physical, chemical and biological barriers, cellular components, as well as soluble molecules. The organism first line of defense against tissue damage involves several steps closely integrated and constituted by different components of this system. The aim of this review is to restore the foundations of this response, which has high complexity and consists of several components that converge to articulate the development of adaptive immune response. We selected some of the following steps to review: perception and molecular recognition of aggressive agents; activation of intracellular pathways, which result in vascular and tissue changes; production of a myriad of mediators with local and systemic effects on cell activation and proliferation, synthesis of new products involved in the chemoattraction and migration of cells specialized in destruction and removal of offending agent; and finally, tissue recovery with restoration of functional tissue or organ.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/imunologia , Imunidade Celular/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Humanos , Ativação Linfocitária
15.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 50(6): 665-679, nov.-dez. 2010. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-571664

RESUMO

O sistema imunológico é constituído por uma intrincada rede de órgãos, células e moléculas e tem por finalidade manter a homeostase do organismo, combatendo as agressões em geral. A imunidade inata atua em conjunto com a imunidade adaptativa e caracteriza-se pela rápida resposta à agressão, independentemente de estímulo prévio, sendo a primeira linha de defesa do organismo. Seus mecanismos compreendem barreiras físicas, químicas e biológicas, componentes celulares e moléculas solúveis. A primeira defesa do organismo frente a um dano tecidual envolve diversas etapas intimamente integradas e constituídas pelos diferentes componentes desse sistema. A presente revisão tem como objetivo resgatar os fundamentos dessa resposta, que apresenta elevada complexidade e é constituída por diversos componentes articulados que convergem para a elaboração da resposta imune adaptativa. Destacamos algumas etapas: reconhecimento molecular dos agentes agressores; ativação de vias bioquímicas intracelulares que resultam em modificações vasculares e teciduais; produção de uma miríade de mediadores com efeitos locais e sistêmicos no âmbito da ativação e proliferação celulares; síntese de novos produtos envolvidos na quimioatração e migração de células especializadas na destruição e remoção do agente agressor; e finalmente a recuperação tecidual com o restabelecimento funcional do tecido ou órgão.


The immune system consists of an intricate network of organs, cells, and molecules responsible for maintaining the body's homeostasis and responding to aggression in general. Innate immunity operates in conjunction with adaptive immunity and is characterized by rapid response to aggression, regardless of previous stimulus, being the organism first line of defense. Its mechanisms include physical, chemical and biological barriers, cellular components, as well as soluble molecules. The organism first line of defense against tissue damage involves several steps closely integrated and constituted by different components of this system. The aim of this review is to restore the foundations of this response, which has high complexity and consists of several components that converge to articulate the development of adaptive immune response. We selected some of the following steps to review: perception and molecular recognition of aggressive agents; activation of intracellular pathways, which result in vascular and tissue changes; production of a myriad of mediators with local and systemic effects on cell activation and proliferation, synthesis of new products involved in the chemoattraction and migration of cells specialized in destruction and removal of offending agent; and finally, tissue recovery with restoration of functional tissue or organ.


Assuntos
Humanos , Autoimunidade/imunologia , Tolerância Imunológica/imunologia , Terapia Biológica , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia
16.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 50(5): 552-580, set.-out. 2010. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-565044

RESUMO

O sistema imunológico é constituído por uma intrincada rede de órgãos, células e moléculas, e tem por finalidade manter a homeostase do organismo, combatendo as agressões em geral. A imunidade inata atua em conjunto com a imunidade adaptativa e caracteriza-se pela rápida resposta à agressão, independentemente de estímulo prévio, sendo a primeira linha de defesa do organismo. Seus mecanismos compreendem barreiras físicas, químicas e biológicas, componentes celulares e moléculas solúveis. A primeira defesa do organismo frente a um dano tecidual envolve diversas etapas intimamente integradas e constituídas pelos diferentes componentes desse sistema. A presente revisão tem como objetivo resgatar os fundamentos dessa resposta, que apresenta elevada complexidade e é constituída por diversos componentes articulados que convergem para a elaboração da resposta imune adaptativa. Destacamos algumas etapas: reconhecimento molecular dos agentes agressores; ativação de vias bioquímicas intracelulares que resultam em modificações vasculares e teciduais; produção de uma miríade de mediadores com efeitos locais e sistêmicos no âmbito da ativação e proliferação celulares, síntese de novos produtos envolvidos na quimioatração e migração de células especializadas na destruição e remoção do agente agressor, e finalmente a recuperação tecidual com o restabelecimento funcional do tecido ou órgão.


The immune system consists of an intricate network of organs, cells, and molecules responsible for maintaining the body's homeostasis and responding to aggression in general. Innate immunity operates in conjunction with adaptive immunity and is characterized by rapid response to aggression, regardless of previous stimulus, being the organism first line of defense. Its mechanisms include physical, chemical and biological barriers, cellular components, as well as soluble molecules. The organism first line of defense against tissue damage involves several steps closely integrated and constituted by different components of this system. The aim of this review is to restore the foundations of this response, which has high complexity and consists of several components that converge to articulate the development of adaptive immune response. We selected some of the following steps to review: perception and molecular recognition of aggressive agents; activation of intracellular pathways, which result in vascular and tissue changes; production of a myriad of mediators with local and systemic effects on cell activation and proliferation, synthesis of new products involved in the chemoattraction and migration of cells specialized in destruction and removal of offending agent; and finally, tissue recovery with restoration of functional tissue or organ.


Assuntos
Humanos , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Imunidade Celular/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Ativação Linfocitária
17.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 50(4): 434-447, jul.-ago. 2010. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-557964

RESUMO

O sistema imunológico é constituído por uma intrincada rede de órgãos, células e moléculas, e tem por finalidade manter a homeostase do organismo, combatendo as agressões em geral. A imunidade inata atua em conjunto com a imunidade adaptativa e caracteriza-se pela rápida resposta à agressão, independentemente de estímulo prévio, sendo a primeira linha de defesa do organismo. Seus mecanismos compreendem barreiras físicas, químicas e biológicas, componentes celulares e moléculas solúveis. A primeira defesa do organismo frente a um dano tecidual envolve diversas etapas intimamente integradas e constituídas pelos diferentes componentes desse sistema. A presente revisão tem como objetivo resgatar os fundamentos dessa resposta, que apresenta elevada complexidade e é constituída por diversos componentes articulados que convergem para a elaboração da resposta imune adaptativa. Destacamos algumas etapas: reconhecimento molecular dos agentes agressores; ativação de vias bioquímicas intracelulares que resultam em modificações vasculares e teciduais; produção de uma miríade de mediadores com efeitos locais e sistêmicos no âmbito da ativação e proliferação celulares, síntese de novos produtos envolvidos na quimioatração e migração de células especializadas na destruição e remoção do agente agressor, e finalmente a recuperação tecidual com o restabelecimento funcional do tecido ou órgão.


The immune system consists of an intricate network of organs, cells, and molecules responsible for maintaining the body's homeostasis and responding to aggression in general. Innate immunity operates in conjunction with adaptive immunity and is characterized by rapid response to aggression, regardless of previous stimulus, being the organism first line of defense. Its mechanisms include physical, chemical and biological barriers, cellular components, as well as soluble molecules. The organism first line of defense against tissue damage involves several steps closely integrated and constituted by different components of this system. The aim of this review is to restore the foundations of this response, which has high complexity and consists of several components that converge to articulate the development of adaptive immune response. We selected some of the following steps to review: perception and molecular recognition of aggressive agents; activation of intracellular pathways, which result in vascular and tissue changes; production of a myriad of mediators with local and systemic effects on cell activation and proliferation, synthesis of new products involved in the chemoattraction and migration of cells specialized in destruction and removal of offending agent; and finally, tissue recovery with restoration of functional tissue or organ.


Assuntos
Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Inflamação/imunologia , Quimiocinas/imunologia , Proteínas do Sistema Complemento/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Inflamação/classificação , Mastócitos/imunologia
18.
Rev Bras Reumatol ; 50(6): 665-79, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21243307

RESUMO

The immune system consists of an intricate network of organs, cells, and molecules responsible for maintaining the body's homeostasis and responding to aggression in general. Innate immunity operates in conjunction with adaptive immunity and is characterized by rapid response to aggression, regardless of previous stimulus, being the organism first line of defense. Its mechanisms include physical, chemical and biological barriers, cellular components, as well as soluble molecules. The organism first line of defense against tissue damage involves several steps closely integrated and constituted by different components of this system. The aim of this review is to restore the foundations of this response, which has high complexity and consists of several components that converge to articulate the development of adaptive immune response. We selected some of the following steps to review: perception and molecular recognition of aggressive agents; activation of intracellular pathways, which result in vascular and tissue changes; production of a myriad of mediators with local and systemic effects on cell activation and proliferation, synthesis of new products involved in the chemoattraction and migration of cells specialized in destruction and removal of offending agent; and finally, tissue recovery with restoration of functional tissue or organ.


Assuntos
Autoimunidade/imunologia , Tolerância Imunológica/imunologia , Terapia Biológica , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Humanos , Linfócitos T/imunologia
19.
J. bras. patol. med. lab ; 45(3): 185-199, jun. 2009. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-523350

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: O III Consenso Brasileiro para Pesquisa de Autoanticorpos em Células HEp-2 (FAN) objetivou discutir estratégias para controlar a qualidade do ensaio, promover a atualização das associações clínicas dos diversos padrões e avaliar as dificuldades de implantação do II Consenso ocorrido no ano de 2002. MÉTODOS: Nos dias 13 e 14 de abril de 2007 participaram do encontro em Goiânia pesquisadores e especialistas de diversos centros universitários e laboratórios clínicos de diferentes regiões do Brasil, com o propósito de discutir e aprovar as recomendações que visam a melhores padronização, interpretação e utilização do ensaio pelos clínicos. Foram convidados como ouvintes representantes comerciais de diferentes empresas produtoras de insumos para realização do teste de FAN. RESULTADOS E CONCLUSÃO: Dada a heterogeneidade de microscópios e reagentes disponíveis no mercado, o III Consenso enfatizou a necessidade do controle de qualidade em ensaios de imunofluorescência indireta. Foram também feitas algumas adequações na terminologia utilizada para classificar os diferentes padrões. Finalmente, foi realizada uma atualização das associações clínicas com finalidade de facilitar cada vez mais o melhor uso do ensaio pelos clínicos.


OBJECTIVE: The Third Brazilian Consensus for Autoantibodies Screening in HEp-2 Cells (ANA) had as purpose the evaluation of difficulties in the accomplishment of the 2nd Consensus recommendations that took place in the year of 2002, the discussion of strategies for quality control of the assay and the discussion of an update of the clinical associations of the several immunofluorescent patterns. METHODS: Several ANA experts from university centers and private laboratories in different areas in Brazil joined the workshop in Goiânia on 2007 April 13 and 14 with the purpose of discussing and approving the recommendations for standardization, interpretation and use of the test by physicians. Commercial representatives of different ANA slide brands were also invited as listeners to the workshop. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The 3rd ANA Consensus emphasized the need for quality control in indirect immunofluorescent assays since there is a considerable heterogeneity of available microscopes and reagents. It also promoted adaptations in the previously approved terminology used to classify the different patterns and finally updated the clinical associations of the several patterns with the purpose of providing guidance for interpretation of the assay by clinical pathologists and assistant physicians.


Assuntos
Humanos , Anticorpos Antinucleares/análise , Autoanticorpos/análise , Técnica Indireta de Fluorescência para Anticorpo/métodos , Doenças Autoimunes , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Conferências de Consenso como Assunto , Controle de Qualidade
20.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 49(2)mar.-abr. 2009. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-511607

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: O 3º Consenso Brasileiro para pesquisa de autoanticorpos em Células HEp-2 (FAN) teve como propósito avaliar as dificuldades de implantação do 2º Consenso ocorrido no ano de 2002, discutir estratégias para controlar a qualidade do ensaio e promover a atualização das associações clínicas dos diversos padrões. MÉTODOS: Participaram do encontro em Goiânia nos dias 13 e 14 de abril de 2008 pesquisadores e especialistas de diversos centros universitários e laboratórios clínicos de diferentes regiões do Brasil, com o propósito de discutir e aprovar as recomendações que visam à melhor padronização, interpretação e utilização do ensaio pelos clínicos. Representantes comerciais de diferentes empresas produtoras de insumos para realização do teste de FAN foram convidados como ouvintes. RESULTADOS E CONCLUSÕES: O 3º Consenso enfatizou a necessidade do controle de qualidade em imunofluorescência dada a heterogeneidade de microscópios e reagentes disponíveis no mercado, promoveu adequações na terminologia utilizada para classificar os diferentes padrões e, finalmente, atualizou as associações clínicas com finalidade de facilitar cada vez mais o melhor uso do ensaio pelos clínicos.


OBJECTIVE: The Third Brazilian Consensus for autoantibodies Screening in HEp-2 cells had as purpose the evaluation of difficulties in the accomplishment of the 2nd Consensus recommendations that took place in the year of 2002, the discussion of strategies for quality control of the assay and the promotion of an update of the clinical associations of the several immunofluorescent patterns. METHODS: Several ANA experts from university centers and private laboratories in different areas in Brazil joined the workshop in Goiânia on 2008 April 13 and 14 with the purpose of discussing and approving the recommendations for standardization, interpretation and use of the test by physicians. Commercial representatives of different ANA slide brands were also invited as listeners to the workshop. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The 3rd Consensus emphasized the need for quality control in indirect immunofluorescent since there is a considerable heterogeneity of available microscopes and reagents. It also promoted adaptations in the previously approved terminology used to classify the different patterns and finally updated the clinical associations of the several patterns with the purpose of providing guidance for interpretation of the assay by clinical pathologists and assistant physicians.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antinucleares , Autoanticorpos , Doenças Autoimunes , Imunofluorescência
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