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1.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 111(3): 436-539, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30379264
2.
J Card Fail ; 24(10): 627-637, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29723595

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Published studies have generated mixed, controversial results regarding the cost-effectiveness of heart failure disease management programs (HF-DMPs). This study assessed the cost-effectiveness of an HF-DMP in ambulatory patients compared with usual care (UC). METHODS: In the prospective randomized REMADHE trial, we evaluated incremental costs per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) and life-year (LY) gained as effectiveness ratios (ICERs) over a study period of 2.47 ± 1.75 years. RESULTS: The REMADHE HF-DMP was more effective and less costly than UC in terms of both QALYs and LYs (95% and 55% chance of dominance, respectively). Average saving was US$7345 (2.5%-97.5% bootstrapped confidence interval -16,573 to +921). The chance of DMP being cost-effective at a willingness to pay US$10,000 per QALY or LY was 99% and 96%, respectively. Cost-effectiveness of HF-DMP was highest in subgroups with left ventricular ejection fraction <35%, age >50 years, male sex, New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class ≥III, and ischemic etiology. The chance of DMP being cost-effective at a willingness to pay US$10,000 per QALY was ≥90% in all subgroups apart from NYHA functional class I-II, where it was 70%. Even when the intervention costs increased by 500% or when excluding outliers in costs, DMP had a high chance of being cost-effective (87%-99%). CONCLUSIONS: The HF-DMP of the REMADHE trial, which encompasses long-term repeated education alongside telephone monitoring, has a high probability of being cost-effective in ambulatory patients with HF.

3.
Rev. patol. trop ; 42(1): 56-63, jan.-mar. 2013. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-673022

RESUMO

Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar a função da hemocultura, do xenodiagnóstico e do creme leucocitário no acompanhamento e diagnóstico de possível reativação em pacientescrônicos tratados por meio do transplante de coração. Foram examinadas 70 amostras das quais15,7por cento (11/70) se mostraram positivas, sendo 8,5por cento (6/70) na hemocultura e 12,8por cento (9/70) noxenodiagnóstico. Apresentaram concordância nos dois métodos quatro amostras (36,36por cento). Nãohouve positividade no creme leucocitário. Os achados corroboram informações sobre a superiorsensibilidade do xenodiagnóstico em relação à hemocultura. A amostra do paciente 20, positiva noxenodiagnóstico (décimo quinto dia) e que apresentou miocardite com ninhos de amastigotas 15 dias antes dadetecção laboratorial, sinaliza a importância da leitura precoce dos exames parasitológicos comopreditivos de possível reativação da doença.


Assuntos
Humanos , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica , Doença de Chagas/diagnóstico , Trypanosoma cruzi , Xenodiagnóstico
4.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 14(12): 1366-73, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23099357

RESUMO

AIMS: To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and potential beneficial effects of left cardiac sympathetic denervation (LCSD) in systolic heart failure (HF) patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this prospective, randomized pilot study, inclusion criteria were New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class II or III, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤40%, sinus rhythm, and resting heart rate >65 b.p.m., despite optimal medical therapy (MT). Fifteen patients were randomly assigned either to MT alone or MT plus LCSD. The primary endpoint was safety, measured by mortality in the first month of follow-up and morbidity according to pre-specified criteria. Secondary endpoints were exercise capacity, quality of life, LVEF, muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels and 24 h Holter mean heart rate before and after 6 months. We studied clinical effects in long-term follow-up. Ten patients underwent LCSD. There were no adverse events attributable to surgery. In the LCSD group, LVEF improved from 25 ± 6.6 to 33 ± 5.2 (P = 0.03); 6 min walking distance improved from 167 ± 35 to 198 ± 47 m (P = 0.02). Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLWHFQ) score physical dimension changed from 21 ± 5 to 15 ± 7 (P = 0.06). The remaining analysed variables were unchanged. During 848 ± 549 days of follow-up, in the MT group, three patients either died or underwent cardiac transplantation (CT), while in the LCSD group six were alive without CT. CONCLUSIONS: LCSD was feasible and seemed to be safe in systolic HF patients. Its beneficial effects warrant the development of a larger randomized trial. Trail registration: NCT01224899.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/cirurgia , Simpatectomia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Determinação de Ponto Final , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resistência Física/fisiologia , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
6.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 12(9): 1009-15, 2010 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20670963

RESUMO

AIMS: Trials of disease management programmes (DMP) in heart failure (HF) have shown controversial results regarding quality of life. We hypothesized that a DMP applied over the long-term could produce different effects on each of the quality-of-life components. METHODS AND RESULTS: We extended the prospective, randomized REMADHE Trial, which studied a DMP in HF patients. We analysed changes in Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire components in 412 patients, 60.5% male, age 50.2 +/- 11.4 years, left ventricular ejection fraction 34.7 +/- 10.5%. During a mean follow-up of 3.6 +/- 2.2 years, 6.3% of patients underwent heart transplantation and 31.8% died. Global quality-of-life scores improved in the DMP intervention group, compared with controls, respectively: 57.5 +/- 3.1 vs. 52.6 +/- 4.3 at baseline, 32.7 +/- 3.9 vs. 40.2 +/- 6.3 at 6 months, 31.9 +/- 4.3 vs. 41.5 +/- 7.4 at 12 months, 26.8 +/- 3.1 vs. 47.0 +/- 5.3 at the final assessment; P < 0.01. Similarly, the physical component (23.7 +/- 1.4 vs. 21.1 +/- 2.2 at baseline, 16.2 +/- 2.9 vs. 18.0 +/- 3.3 at 6 months, 17.3 +/- 2.9 vs. 23.1 +/- 5.7 at 12 months, 11.4 +/- 1.6 vs. 19.9 +/- 2.4 final; P < 0.01), the emotional component (13.2 +/- 1.0 vs. 12.1 +/- 1.4 at baseline, 11.7 +/- 2.7 vs. 12.3 +/- 3.1 at 6 months, 12.4 +/- 2.9 vs. 16.8 +/- 5.9 at 12 months, 6.7 +/- 1.0 vs. 10.6 +/- 1.4 final; P < 0.01) and the additional questions (20.8 +/- 1.2 vs. 19.3 +/- 1.8 at baseline, 14.3 +/- 2.7 vs. 17.3 +/- 3.1 at 6 months, 12.4 +/- 2.9 vs. 21.0 +/- 5.5 at 12 months, 6.7 +/- 1.4 vs. 17.3 +/- 2.2 final; P < 0.01) were better (lower) in the intervention group. The emotional component improved earlier than the others. Post-randomization quality of life was not associated with events. CONCLUSION: Components of the quality-of-life assessment responded differently to DMP. These results indicate the need for individualized DMP strategies in patients with HF. Trial registration information www.clincaltrials.gov NCT00505050-REMADHE.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/psicologia , Monitorização Ambulatorial/métodos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Qualidade de Vida , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/reabilitação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo
7.
São Paulo; s.n; 2010. 101 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Tese em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-574017

RESUMO

A insuficiência cardíaca (IC) é uma síndrome, de alta prevalência, comprometendo a qualidade de vida (QV). Objetivo: Testamos a hipótese de que um programa seqüencial de educação e monitorização (DMP), pode modificar os componentes do questionário Minnesota Living Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ) aplicado a pacientes com IC em seguimento ambulatorial. Métodos: Esta investigação é uma extensão do estudo REMADHE, prospectivo, randomizado, com grupo intervenção (GI) submetido a um DMP, versus grupo controle (GC). A QV foi avaliada pelo MLHFQ, aplicado na inclusão no estudo, a cada seis meses até os dois anos de seguimento, e após anualmente. Incluímos 412 pacientes, 60,5% do sexo masculino, e fração de ejeção de ventrículo esquerdo de 34,7 ±10,5%. Resultados: No GI ocorreu melhora significativa em todos os componentes do MLHFQ (53 ±23vs.29 ±19,p=0,007), da dimensão física (24 ±10 vs.13 ±9, p=0,0002), da dimensão emocional (13 ±7vs.9 ±7,p=0,02) e demais questões (21 ±9vs.11 ±7,p=0,001). No GI houve melhora de sobrevida livre de eventos (óbito e internação) (p<0,001), houve relação entre o escore da QV após a inclusão e a sobrevida, mas não com a QV de vida basal (p=0,7). A QV demonstrou ser um fator independente na determinação de sobrevida livre de eventos. Na avaliação dos gêneros, ambos demonstraram melhora significativa, mas no masculino a melhora ocorreu tardiamente em relação ao feminino. Conclusão: Este programa de educação e monitorização continua em longo prazo melhorou a QV e seus componentes em pacientes em acompanhamento ambulatorial. Entretanto, os componentes da QV podem responder diferentemente a intervenção.


Heart failure (HF) is a high prevalence syndrome, pledging the quality of life (QL). Objective: We tested the hypothesis that a sequential program of education and monitoring (DMP) may modify the components of Minnesota Heart Failure Living Questionnaire (MLHFQ) on outpatient patients with HF. Methods: This research is an extension of the REMADHE study, prospective, randomized with an intervention group (IG) subje ted to a DMP, versus a ontrol group (CG). QL was evaluated by MLHFQ applied the inclusion in the study, every six months to the following up two years, and there after annually. We included 412 patients, 60.5% were male, and 34.7 ± 10.5% of left ventricle ejection fraction. Results: In GI, there was a significant improvement in all MLHFQ components (53 ± 23vs.29 ± 19, p =0.007), physical dimension (24 ± 10 vs. 13 ± 9, p =0.0002), emotional dimension (13 ± 7vs.9 ± 7,p =0.02) and other issues (21 ± 9vs.11 ± 7,p =0.001). In GI, there was an improvement in event free survival (death and hospitalization) (p < 0.001) there was a relation between the QL scores after inclusion and survival, but not with the life baseline QL (p =0.7). Quality of life proved to be an independent factor in determining event free survival. In genres assessment, both showed significant improvement, but in males the improvement occurred late in relation to females. Conclusion: This education and monitoring program continues for a long term to improve QL and its components on the follow up of outpatient patients. However, the components of QL may respond differently to intervention.


Assuntos
Humanos , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Qualidade de Vida
10.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 88(3): 340-5, 2007 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17533477

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of bisoprolol on exercise capacity and ventricular function in patients with heart failure. METHODS: Clinical and hemodynamic variables, ventricular function and remodeling, and ergospirometry of patients with heart failure of different etiologies were evaluated before and after the administration of bisoprolol. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients were analyzed; one patient did not tolerate medication and 14 patients reached the study goal. The group consisted of 9 men and 5 women, the mean age was 52 (36-64) years, and patients were followed during 551 days (238-1109). We observed an improvement in NYHA functional class, reduction in resting heart rate (78.8+/-8.7 vs 63+/-6.4 bpm, p <0.001), increase in left ventricular ejection fraction (31.3+/-8.5% vs 39+/-14.7%. p=0.043), and a tendency towards improved quality of life scores (31+/-20.6 vs 17.8+/-14.8. p=0.058). The maximum heart rate dropped during exercise (138.1+/-20.2 vs 116.7+/-27.1. p=0.01), as did peak oxygen consumption (20.9+/-6.8 vs 15.1+/-3.5. p<0.001); no change was observed on the EV/VCO2 slope. The effects were observed for all etiologies, including Chagas disease. CONCLUSION: Bisoprolol was safe and well tolerated in patients with heart failure. Bisoprolol therapy improved the symptoms, hemodynamic variables, as well as the cardiac function for all etiologies; however, it did not result in improved exercise capacity.


Assuntos
Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Bisoprolol/uso terapêutico , Exercício , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Bisoprolol/administração & dosagem , Ergometria , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Fluxo Expiratório Máximo/efeitos dos fármacos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Consumo de Oxigênio/efeitos dos fármacos , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Espirometria , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 88(3): 340-345, mar. 2007. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-451737

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Avaliar o efeito do bisoprolol sobre a capacidade de exercício e a função ventricular em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca. MÉTODOS: Foi feita a análise das variáveis clínicas e hemodinâmicas, da função e do remodelamento ventricular, e da ergoespirometria de pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca com diferentes etiologias, antes e após administração de bisoprolol. RESULTADOS: Foram analisados 22 pacientes, dos quais 1 paciente não tolerou a medicação e 14 pacientes alcançaram a meta do estudo. A média das idades foi de 52 anos (36 a 64 anos), 9 pacientes eram do sexo masculino e 5 eram do sexo feminino, com tempo médio de seguimento de 551 dias (238 a 1.109 dias). Foram observados melhora da classe funcional, redução da freqüência cardíaca de repouso (78,8 + 8,7 bpm vs. 63 + 6,4 bpm; p < 0,001), aumento da fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo (31,3 + 8,5 por cento vs. 39 + 14,7 por cento; p = 0,043) e tendência a melhora do escore de qualidade de vida (31 + 20,6 vs. 17,8 + 14,8; p = 0,058). Ocorreu queda da freqüência cardíaca máxima no exercício (138,1 + 20,2 vs. 116,7 + 27,1; p = 0,01) e do consumo máximo de oxigênio (20,9 + 6,8 vs. 15,1 + 3,5; p < 0,001). Não houve modificação do slope VE/VCO2. Os efeitos ocorreram em todas as etiologias, inclusive na doença de Chagas. CONCLUSÃO: O bisoprolol produziu melhora clínica e hemodinâmica e de função cardíaca nas diferentes etiologias, sem, entretanto, apresentar efeitos de melhora na capacidade de exercício.


OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of bisoprolol on exercise capacity and ventricular function in patients with heart failure. METHODS: Clinical and hemodynamic variables, ventricular function and remodeling, and ergospirometry of patients with heart failure of different etiologies were evaluated before and after the administration of bisoprolol. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients were analyzed; one patient did not tolerate medication and 14 patients reached the study goal. The group consisted of 9 men and 5 women, the mean age was 52 (36-64) years, and patients were followed during 551 days (238-1109). We observed an improvement in NYHA functional class, reduction in resting heart rate (78.8±8.7 vs 63±6.4 bpm, p <0.001), increase in left ventricular ejection fraction (31.3±8.5 percent vs 39±14.7 percent. p=0.043), and a tendency towards improved quality of life scores (31±20.6 vs 17.8±14.8. p=0.058). The maximum heart rate dropped during exercise (138.1±20.2 vs 116.7±27.1. p=0.01), as did peak oxygen consumption (20.9±6.8 vs 15.1±3.5. p<0.001); no change was observed on the EV/VCO2 slope. The effects were observed for all etiologies, including Chagas' disease. CONCLUSION: Bisoprolol was safe and well tolerated in patients with heart failure. Bisoprolol therapy improved the symptoms, hemodynamic variables, as well as the cardiac function for all etiologies; however, it did not result in improved exercise capacity.


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Bisoprolol/uso terapêutico , Exercício , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/administração & dosagem , Bisoprolol/administração & dosagem , Ergometria , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluxo Expiratório Máximo/efeitos dos fármacos , Consumo de Oxigênio/efeitos dos fármacos , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Espirometria , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo
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