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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 2): 1299-1310, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492467

RESUMO

The ecosystems and human health were seriously threatened by hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) in wastewater. In this article, using the idea of the highly matched energy band structure between indium sulfide (In2S3) and MIL-53(Fe), a Type-II heterojunction has been constructed by loading In2S3 on MIL-53(Fe) microrod to overcome the fault like high recombination rates of photogenerated electron-holes of In2S3. The composite with 20:1 mass ratio of In2S3 to MIL-53(Fe) (IM-2) was adopted as an optimal sample for efficient photocatalytic Cr(VI) reduction under visible light. Various characterization techniques were used to verify the characteristics of composites and delved into the structure-effect relationship between this heterojunction and its activity. Results showed that the reaction rate constants of the photoreduction process over IM-2 was ~ 4 and 26 times higher than those of pure In2S3 and MIL-53(Fe), respectively, and the catalyst could maintain superior removal efficiency (88.6%) and steady crystal structure after four cycles. First-principles calculations further illustrated that the heterostructure formed between In2S3 and MIL-53(Fe) could effectively accelerate the separation of photogenerated electrons and holes, thus improving the photocatalytic reduction performance. Moreover, the active species analyses revealed that the superoxide radicals and electrons were mainly involved in the reduction of Cr(VI).


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Índio , Cromo , Humanos , Luz , Dietilamida do Ácido Lisérgico/análogos & derivados , Sulfetos
2.
ACS Omega ; 6(44): 29752-29758, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34778647

RESUMO

In this letter, we perform a first-principles study on the adsorption performance of the InP3 monolayer upon three SF6 decomposed species, including SO2, SOF2, and SO2F2, to investigate its potential as a resistance-type, optical or field-effect transistor gas sensor. Results indicate that the InP3 monolayer exhibits strong chemisorption upon SO2 but weak physisorption upon SO2F2. The most admirable adsorption behavior is upon SOF2, which provides a favorable sensing response (-19.4%) and recovery property (10.4 s) at room temperature as a resistance-type gas sensor. A high response of 180.7% upon SO2 and a poor one of -1.9% upon SO2F2 are also identified, which reveals the feasibility of the InP3 monolayer as a resistance-type sensor for SO2 detection with recycle use via a heating technique to clean the surface. Moreover, the InP3 monolayer is a promising optical sensor for SO2 detection due to the obvious changes in adsorption peaks within the range of ultraviolet and is a desirable field-effect transistor sensor for selective and sensitive detection of SO2 and SOF2 given the evident changes of Q T and E g under the applied electric field.

3.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 208: 114471, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814080

RESUMO

Yunaconitine (YAC), crassicauline A (CCA), 8-deacetylyunaconitine (DYA), and 8-deacetylcrassicauline A (DCA), as hidden toxic Aconitum alkaloids, are detected in some products of processed Aconitum carmichaelii lateral root and poisoning cases. The distribution and toxicity of these four components in Aconitum herbs should be further systematically studied for medication safety. This study developed a new UHPLC-QQQ-MS/MS method to determine ten Aconitum alkaloids, including aconitine, mesaconitine, hypaconitine, benzoylaconine, benzoylmesaconine, benzoylhypaconine, YAC, CCA, DYA, and DCA, for Aconitum herbs simultaneously. YAC and CCA were founded in some samples of unprocessed A. carmichaelii lateral root (7.04%), A. carmichaelii root (9.43%), A. brachypodum root (6.00%), and A. ouvrardianum root (100%). Four hidden toxic Aconitum alkaloids were detected in processed A. carmichaelii lateral root (2.56%) and A. vilmorinianum root (100%). Four hidden toxic Aconitum alkaloids played significant roles in the classification of Aconitum herbs by OPLS-DA analysis. The acute toxicity test was performed by up-and-down procedure (UDP). The oral administration of the half lethal dose (LD50) of YAC, CCA, DYA, and DCA to female ICR mice was 2.37 mg/kg, 5.60 mg/kg, 60.0 mg/kg, and 753 mg/kg, respectively. The LD50 by intravenous injection was 0.200 mg/kg, 0.980 mg/kg, 7.60 mg/kg, and 34.0 mg/kg, respectively. The LD50 of unprocessed A. carmichaelii lateral root, A. vilmorinianum root, and A. brachypodum root to mice orally was 1.89 g/kg, 0.950 g/kg, and 0.380 g/kg, respectively. Symptoms of Aconitum alkaloid poisoning in mice were decreased activity, fur erect, palpebral edema, vomiting, polypnea, and convulsions. The main change of organs was flatulence. No poisoning or death occurred in mice at the maximum dosage (27.0 g/kg) of A. ouvrardianum root orally. To better control the quality and safety of Aconitum herbs, this study provides favorable support for improving the existing standards to strengthen the supervision of the four hidden toxic Aconitum alkaloids.

4.
Eur J Pharmacol ; : 174641, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34800465

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease of high lethality associated with endothelial dysfunction. Due to the pathophysiological complexity and our incomplete understanding of the mechanisms for the development and progression of atherosclerosis, effective means for the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis still need further exploration. This study was designed to investigate the potential effects and underlying mechanisms of aloe-emodin derivative (AED) on atherosclerosis. High fat diet (HFD) treated ApoE-/- mice were used as an animal model of atherosclerosis. Intragastric administration of aloe-emodin (AE) or AED for 12 weeks markedly reduced the atherosclerotic plaque in aorta with decreased plaque area, lipid accumulation, macrophage infiltration, collagen content and metabolic abnormalities. By comparison, AED produced more potent anti-atherosclerosis effects than AE at the same dose. AED enhanced production of autophagy flux in cultured human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs). Moreover, AED increased the expression of activating molecule in Beclin1-regulated autophagy 1 (AMBRA1), a key protein involved in autophagosome formation. Furthermore, knockdown of AMBRA1 blocked the promotion effect of AED on autophagy in HAECs. Taken together, AED facilitates endothelial autophagy via AMBRA1 during the progression of atherosclerosis, suggesting the potential application of this compound for atherosclerosis treatment.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763894

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the characteristics of longitudinal strain and its effect on outcomes in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) who underwent septal myectomy. METHODS: We reviewed patients with obstructive HCM who underwent septal myectomy at our clinic from 2007 to 2016. Data of those who had strain echocardiography within 6 months before isolated myectomy were analyzed. RESULTS: The median age of the 857 patients studied was 55 (interquartile range [IQR], 44-63) years, and 451 (52.6%) were male. Left ventricular ejection fraction was 71% (IQR, 67%-74%), and the resting peak outflow tract gradient was 58 (IQR, 27-85) mm Hg. The median global longitudinal strain (GLS) was -14.6% (IQR, -12.0% to -17.3%). Regional longitudinal strain was nonuniform as reflected by more normal values in apical segments and more abnormal in basal segments. Moreover, GLS correlated poorly with ejection fraction and outflow tract gradient. In 64 patients who had postoperative strain echocardiography, GLS was comparable before and after septal myectomy, but regional strain was more uniform after myectomy. Over a follow-up of 8.3 (IQR, 6.5-10.3) years, when patients were equally stratified according to GLS (cutoff, -14.64%), the group with worse GLS had significantly poorer survival compared with the better GLS group (P = .002). Left ventricular ejection fraction had no association with survival. CONCLUSIONS: Left ventricular longitudinal strain is nonuniform and might be significantly reduced in patients with obstructive HCM. Septal myectomy does not impair GLS but is associated with more uniform regional strains. Most importantly, reduced GLS preoperatively is strongly and independently associated with increased all-cause mortality after septal myectomy for obstructive HCM.

6.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(22): e021825, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719239

RESUMO

Background Cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI) is a common postoperative complication following cardiac surgery. Currently, there are no reliable methods for the early prediction of CSA-AKI in hospitalized patients. This study developed and evaluated the diagnostic use of metabolomics-based biomarkers in patients with CSA-AKI. Methods and Results A total of 214 individuals (122 patients with acute kidney injury [AKI], 92 patients without AKI as controls) were enrolled in this study. Plasma samples were analyzed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry using untargeted and targeted metabolomic approaches. Time-dependent effects of selected metabolites were investigated in an AKI swine model. Multiple machine learning algorithms were used to identify plasma metabolites positively associated with CSA-AKI. Metabolomic analyses from plasma samples taken within 24 hours following cardiac surgery were useful for distinguishing patients with AKI from controls without AKI. Gluconic acid, fumaric acid, and pseudouridine were significantly upregulated in patients with AKI. A random forest model constructed with selected clinical parameters and metabolites exhibited excellent discriminative ability (area under curve, 0.939; 95% CI, 0.879-0.998). In the AKI swine model, plasma levels of the 3 discriminating metabolites increased in a time-dependent manner (R2, 0.480-0.945). Use of this AKI predictive model was then confirmed in the validation cohort (area under curve, 0.972; 95% CI, 0.947-0.996). The predictive model remained robust when tested in a subset of patients with early-stage AKI in the validation cohort (area under curve, 0.943; 95% CI, 0.883-1.000). Conclusions High-resolution metabolomics is sufficiently powerful for developing novel biomarkers. Plasma levels of 3 metabolites were useful for the early identification of CSA-AKI.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650611

RESUMO

Background: In view of the global efforts to develop effective treatments for the current worldwide coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, Qingfei Paidu decoction (QPD), a novel traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) prescription, was formulated as an optimized combination of constituents of classic prescriptions used to treat numerous febrile and respiratory-related diseases. This prescription has been used to treat patients with COVID-19 pneumonia in Wuhan, China. Hypothesis/Purpose. We hypothesized that QPD would have beneficial effects on patients with COVID-19. We aimed to prove this hypothesis by evaluating the efficacy of QPD in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia. Methods: In this single-center, retrospective, observational study, we identified eligible participants who received a laboratory diagnosis of COVID-19 between January 15 and March 15, 2020, in the west campus of Union Hospital in Wuhan, China. QPD was supplied as an oral liquid packaged in 200-mL containers, and patients were orally administered one package twice daily 40 minutes after a meal. The primary outcome was death, which was compared between patients who did and did not receive QPD (QPD and NoQPD groups, respectively). Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to identify cohorts. Results: In total, 239 and 522 participants were enrolled in the QPD and NoQPD groups, respectively. After PSM at a 1 : 1 ratio, 446 patients meeting the criteria were included in the analysis with 223 in each arm. In the QPD and NoQPD groups, 7 (3.2%) and 29 (13.0%) patients died, and those in the QPD group had a significantly lower risk of death (hazard ratio (HR) 0.29, 95% CI: 0.13-0.67) than those in the NoQPD group (p = 0.004). Furthermore, the survival time was significantly longer in the QPD group than in the NoQPD group (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The use of QPD may reduce the risk of death in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia.

8.
Adv Mater ; : e2106335, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617339

RESUMO

The separator, an ionic permeable and electronic insulating membrane between cathode and anode, plays a crucial role in the electrochemical and safety performance of batteries. However, commercial polyolefin separators not only suffer from inevitable thermal shrinkage at elevated temperature, but also fail to inhibit the hidden chemical crosstalk of reactive gases such as O2 , leading to often reported thermal runaway (TR) and hence preventing large-scale implementation of high-energy-density lithium-ion batteries. Herein, a nanoporous non-shrinkage separator (GS-PI) is fabricated via a novel gel-stretching orientation approach to eliminate TR. In situ synchrotron small angle X-ray scattering during heating clearly shows that the as-prepared thin GS-PI separator exhibits superior mechanical tolerance at high temperature, thus effectively preventing internal short circuit. Meanwhile, the unique nanoporous structure design further blocks chemical crosstalk and the associated exothermic reactions. Accelerating rate calorimetry tests reveal that the practical 1 Ah LiNi0.6 Co0.2 Mn0.2 O2 (NCM622)/graphite pouch cell using GS-PI nanoporous separator show a maximum temperature rise (dT/dtmax ) of only 3.7 °C s-1 compared to 131.6 °C s-1 in the case of Al2 O3 @PE macroporous separator. Moreover, despite the reduced pore size, the GS-PI separator demonstrates better cycling stability than conventional Al2 O3 @PE separator at high temperature without sacrificing specific capacity and rate capability.

9.
Ann Palliat Med ; 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34670386

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: At present, some cancer patients experience hyperprogressive disease (HPD) after receiving immunotherapy. This study used the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors 1.1 to evaluate the incidence of HPD in patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) for treating primary liver cancer (PLC) and to explore the risk factors for HPD. METHODS: This retrospective, single-center study included patients with PLC who were treated with ICIs. The RECIST 1.1 was used to determine patients with HPD. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses were performed to explore the risk factors for HPD, and clinical variables with prognostic significance for HPD were included to establish a risk model. RESULTS: Among 129 patients with PLC treated with ICIs, HPD occurred in 13 patients (10.1%). In the multivariate regression analysis, lymph node metastasis and lung metastasis were risk factors for HPD. The area under the curve of the risk model, established by including lymph node metastasis, lung metastasis, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, albumin, and performance status, was 0.801 (P<0.001). The progression-free survival of HPD patients was significantly worse than that of non-HPD patients (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, 10.1% of patients with PLC had HPD. Compared with the non-HPD patients, lung metastasis and lymph node metastasis were independent risk factors of HPD.

10.
J Thorac Dis ; 13(8): 4925-4934, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34527331

RESUMO

Background: The impact of septal myectomy on diastolic function in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is not well studied. Methods: A transcatheter hemodynamic study was performed before and 3 to 6 months after septal myectomy in 12 patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Results: Postoperative hemodynamic studies were done 4.4±1.2 months after myectomy. The left ventricular outflow tract peak-to-peak gradient decreased from 83.2±43.3 mmHg preoperatively to 11.6±4.3 mmHg after myectomy (P<0.00). The left ventricular diastolic time constant (Tau) was 64.2±26.1 ms before surgery and 42.2±15.7 ms postoperatively (P=0.029). The average left atrial pressure (LAP) decreased from 20.2±7.0 to 12.1±4.5 mmHg after myectomy (P=0.008). Pulmonary artery hypertension was present in 6 patients preoperatively and remained in 2 patients after myectomy. Mean pulmonary artery pressure decreased from 29.3±16.2 to 20±6.7 mmHg after surgery (P=0.05), and the systolic pulmonary artery pressure decreased from 46±26.9 to 30.5±8.3 mmHg (P=0.048). Pulmonary vascular resistance decreased from 5.7±4.1 to 3.6±1.6 wood after surgery (P=0.032). Conclusions: Septal myectomy improved left ventricular diastolic function and subsequently relieved the right ventricular congestion in patients with obstructive HCM.

11.
Cancer Cell Int ; 21(1): 481, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507580

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Phosphoglucomutase 1 (PGM1) acts as an important regulator in glucose metabolism. However, the role of PGM1 in gastric cancer (GC) remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the role of PGM1 and develop novel regimens based on metabolic reprogramming in GC. METHODS: Correlation and enrichment analyses of PGM1 were conducted based on The Cancer Genome Atlas database. Data derived from the Kaplan-Meier Plotter database were analyzed to evaluate correlations between PGM1 expression and survival time of GC patients. Cell counting kit-8, 5-Ethynyl-2-deoxyuridine, flow cytometry assays, generation of subcutaneous tumor and lung metastasis mouse models were used to determine growth and metastasis in vitro and in vivo. Cell glycolysis was detected by a battery of glycolytic indicators, including lactate, pyruvic acid, ATP production and glucose uptake. Fatty Acid Synthase (FASN) activity and expression levels of lipid enzymes were determined to reflect on lipid metabolism. RESULTS: Correlation and enrichment analyses suggested that PGM1 was closely associated with cell viability, proliferation and metabolism. PGM1 was overexpressed in GC tissues and cell lines. High PGM1 expression served as an indicator of shorter survival for specific subpopulation of GC patients. It was also correlated with pathological tumor stage and pathological tumor node metastasis stage of GC. Under the glucose deprivation condition, knockdown of PGM1 significantly suppressed cell viability, proliferation and glycolysis, whereas lipid metabolism was enhanced. Orlistat, as a drug that was designed to inhibit FASN activity, effectively induced apoptosis and suppressed lipid metabolism in GC. However, orlistat conversely increased glycolytic levels. Orlistat exhibited more significant inhibitive effects on GC progression after knockdown of PGM1 under glucose deprivation due to combination of glycolysis and lipid metabolism both in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Downregulation of PGM1 expression under glucose deprivation enhanced anti-cancer effects of orlistat. This combination application may serve as a novel strategy for GC treatment.

12.
Dis Markers ; 2021: 9965343, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497677

RESUMO

Background: The role of IgG subclass in idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) was unclarified. Recent study found IgG subtype switches from IgG1 to IgG4 in the early pathological stage in IMN. The profile of IgG subclass in phospholipase A2 receptor- (PLA2R-) related and PLA2R-unrelated IMN was unrevealed. Our study is aimed at testifying whether IgG subclass switch existed in PLA2R-related and PLA2R-unrelated IMN, respectively. Methods: Our study retrospectively enrolled 157 Chinese patients with biopsy-confirmed IMN between September 2017 and November 2019. We measured glomerular PLA2R antigen and serum anti-PLA2R antibody to classify the patients into PLA2R-related (n = 132) and PLA2R-unrelated (n = 25) subgroup. We evaluated glomerular IgG subclass by immunofluorescence (IF) predominance. Our study defined IgG subclass deposition as predominant if the IF score was higher than the other three and ≥1 +, or as codominant if the IF intensity was equal to any other and ≥1 +. We explored the relationship between IF predominance of glomerular IgG subtype and electron microscopic (EM) stages of IMN. Results: We did not find statistical difference of predominant or codominant rate (pre/co-rate) among EM stages in any subclass (P > 0.05). Pre/co-rate of IgG3 linearly associated with EM stage in total and PLA2R-related subgroup (P = 0.044, P = 0.013). PLA2R-related subgroup showed higher IgG4 intensity (2.1 ± 0.6 vs. 1.6 ± 0.7, P = 0.001) and pre/co-rate of IgG4 in stage 1 (97% vs. 57%, P = 0.015) than PLA2R-unrelated group. We found no difference of IgG subclass pre/co-rate in different EM stages or linear association between pre/co-rate of IgG1, IgG2, IgG4, and EM stages (P > 0.05). Conclusions: Pre/co-rate of IgG3 declined with EM stage in total and PLA2R-related subgroup. We did not find IgG subclass switches from IgG1 to IgG4 in either IMN patients or subgroups.

13.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 47(11): 3101-3110, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362583

RESUMO

Axillary strategy decisions have become more complex and controversial in considering minimally traumatic therapy instead of sentinel lymph node biopsy, axillary lymph node dissection or regional nodal irradiation for people with breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to noninvasively predict sentinel lymph node (SLN) and non-sentinel lymph node (NSLN) status based on pre-operative sonographic and clinicopathologic features to determine optimal decisions regarding axillary therapy. In total, 701 patients with breast cancer from two independent centers were retrospectively analyzed. The SLN model (SLNM) for predicting SLN status and the NSLN model (NSLNM) for predicting NSLN status were trained based on a training set using the random-forest algorithm, and their performance was validated using an independent external test set. A receiver operating characteristic curve was drawn to obtain the area under the curve, which was used to assess performance. The area under the curve for the SLNM in the training and test, respectively, was 94.2% and 83.0%, and for the NSLNM, 99.5% and 92.7%. The SLNM and NSLNM accurately predicted that 61.46% (319/519) and 17.53% (91/519), respectively, of our participants were non-metastatic. The overall benefit of the three models was 78.99% in our participants. The two models for predicting SLN and NSLN status showed excellent application potential in optimizing axillary strategies.

14.
J Nat Prod ; 84(8): 2385-2389, 2021 08 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351742

RESUMO

The ongoing COVID-19 global pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 inspires the development of effective inhibitors to block the SARS-CoV-2 spike-ACE2 interaction. A chemical investigation on the fruiting bodies of Phellinus pini led to the isolation of five aromatic cadinane sesquiterpenoids including four new ones, named piniterpenoids A-D (1-4), as well as three known lignans. Their structures were determined by extensive spectroscopic analysis including HRMS and 1D and 2D NMR. All of the aromatic cadinane sesquiterpenoids inhibited the SARS-CoV-2 spike-ACE2 interaction, with IC50 values ranging from 64.5 to 99.1 µM. A molecular docking study showed the disruption of the interaction of compound 1 via hydrogen interactions with Arg403, Asp405, and Arg408 of SARS-CoV-2 RBD and Arg393 and His34 residues of ACE2. These results suggested that aromatic cadinane sesquiterpenoids might be useful in developing agents for COVID-19.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Antivirais/química , Antivirais/farmacologia , Carpóforos/química , Phellinus/química , Sesquiterpenos Policíclicos/química , Sesquiterpenos Policíclicos/farmacologia , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/antagonistas & inibidores , Humanos , Ligação de Hidrogênio/efeitos dos fármacos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Espectrometria de Massas , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
15.
Sci Total Environ ; 800: 149590, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399347

RESUMO

Microbial turnover and the decomposition of soil organic matter can be stimulated by living roots in a phenomenon known as the rhizosphere priming effect (RPE). Both the microbial turnover time (MTT) and metabolic efficiency are closely related to RPE. However, changes in MTT, metabolic efficiency and RPE in response to nitrogen (N) fertilization at different levels and the associations between these factors during plant growth are unknown. The effects of N fertilization at different levels (0, 150 and 300 kg N ha-1) on RPE and the underlying mechanisms were investigated in maize (Zea mays L.) grown in paddy soil using a 13Carbon (C) natural abundance method. The RPE varied from -1.49 to 15.93 mg C kg-1 soil day-1, with significant effects at different levels of N fertilization, growth stages and interactions between these factors. Nitrogen fertilization reduced microbial C:N imbalance and soil pH. During the plant growth periods, the RPE was initially low because the microbes preferentially utilized plant-derived C, but later increased due to trade-offs between microbial N acquisition and acidity stress alleviation under N fertilization. The soil microbes altered their MTT and metabolic efficiency with changes in the microbial community structure to maintain stoichiometric homeostasis and adapt to acidity stress. RPE was lowest whereas MTT and metabolic efficiency were highest with N fertilization at 150 kg N ha-1. Changes in MTT and metabolic efficiency explained 84.5% of the variations in the RPE, and the latter had greater impact (55.8%) than the former (28.7%). Changes in MTT and metabolic efficiency to cope with microbial resource acquisition and acidity stress under N fertilization represent an important pathway for RPE regulation in paddy soil. These findings highlight the significance of MTT and metabolic efficiency in RPE regulation for optimization of the N fertilization level to mitigate soil C losses.


Assuntos
Rizosfera , Solo , Carbono , Fertilização , Fertilizantes , Nitrogênio/análise , Microbiologia do Solo , Zea mays
16.
Sci Total Environ ; 799: 149415, 2021 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364273

RESUMO

Gravity-driven membrane (GDM) filtration is a promising alternative for decentralized water supply, while its widespread application was hindered by the poor removals of organics and ammonia during long-term operation. In this study, powered activated carbon (PAC) and granular zeolite were selected as typical adsorbents to investigate the impacts of pre-deposited adsorbent layers on contaminant removal and membrane fouling. Results showed that the pre-deposited PAC layers exhibited higher removal of organics than the control, while the zeolites deposited layers exhibited low removal of organics. The presence of PAC only enhanced the NH4+ removal at subsequent stable stage, while zeolites were effective in deal with sudden high NH4+ concentration due to ion exchange. The presence of mixed adsorbents layers had similar organic removal with PAC and NH4+ removal with zeolite. The pre-deposited PAC layers could effectively alleviate membrane fouling in short-term UF tests, while the stable fluxes (5.88-6.54 L/(m2·h)) in long-term GDM operation were slightly lower than the control (6.63 L/(m2·h)). The zeolites deposited layer aggravated membrane fouling in both short-term ultrafiltration and long-term GDM (5.03-3.84 L/(m2·h)), but a higher stable flux (6.10 L/(m2·h)) was observed for GDM using the mixed adsorbents. The pre-deposited adsorbent layers resulted in increased concentrations of biomass, tri-phosphate (ATP) and extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), forming cake layers with a denser structure than the control. Finally, the fouling mechanism for GDM using different adsorbent layers was proposed based on fouling analysis and characteristics of biological fouling layer. The results and conclusion in this study could provide helpful information for the application of GDM with pre-deposited adsorbent layer in treating raw water with organics and/or sudden high ammonia concentration to produce potable water.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Purificação da Água , Zeolitas , Amônia , Carvão Vegetal , Filtração , Membranas Artificiais , Pós , Ultrafiltração
17.
Mayo Clin Proc ; 96(9): 2323-2331, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34226030

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) on survival in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) following septal myectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with obstructive HCM undergoing septal myectomy from 2007 to 2016 were reviewed. Those who had an overnight oximetry test within 6 months before myectomy were included in analysis. Oxygen desaturation index was examined continuously and also categorically (SDB [>5/h] and severe SDB [>15/h]). RESULTS: A total of 619 of 1500 patients undergoing septal myectomy had overnight oximetry tests. Sleep-disordered breathing (oxygen desaturation index >5/h) was identified in 338 (54.6%) patients, and among those patients, 117 (18.9%) were classified as severe. Patients with SDB were older, had greater body mass index and body surface area, were more likely to have arterial hypertension and atrial fibrillation, and had an increased E/e' ratio on Doppler echocardiography. Notably, there was no difference in preoperative resting left ventricular outflow tract pressure gradient between patients with SDB and those with normal overnight oximetry (55 (interquartile range: 25 to 86) mm Hg versus 52 (interquartile range: 21 to 85) mm Hg; P=.29). There was no difference in age-adjusted survival among patients with normal oximetry compared with those with mild SDB (hazard ratio: 0.98; 95% CI: 0.45 to 2.17), and severe SDB (hazard ratio: 1.06, 95% CI 0.42 - 2.71). CONCLUSION: Sleep-disordered breathing is present in more than half of patients with obstructive HCM in whom septal myectomy is indicated, and is mainly associated with aging, overweight, and male sex. However, SDB does not alter survival following septal myectomy.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/cirurgia , Septos Cardíacos/cirurgia , Síndromes da Apneia do Sono/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Septos Cardíacos/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Oximetria , Fatores Sexuais , Síndromes da Apneia do Sono/mortalidade
18.
J Orthop Translat ; 29: 123-133, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34249610

RESUMO

Objective: Low back pain is a leading cause of disabilities worldwide, and intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD)-related disorders have been recognised as one of the main contributors. Nevertheless, the underlying mechanism has not yet been fully understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of the miR-133a-5p/FBXO6 axis in the regulation of IVDD. Methods: RT-qPCR, WB and IHC were performed to assess the expression of FBXO6 in human IVD tissues. Nucleus pulposus (NP) cells were treated with IL-1ß to induce IVDD cellular model. Silence of FBXO6 was achieved using specific siRNAs. CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry, TUNEL assay, RT-qPCR and WB were used to evaluate the role and mechanism of FBXO6 in the process of IVDD. Online tools, GSE datasets and RT-qPCR were used to search the candidate miRNAs targeting FBXO6. The direct binding sites between FBXO6 and miR-133a-5p were further verified by a dual luciferase assay. RT-qPCR, WB and rescue experiments were conducted to identify the regulatory function of miR-133a-5p on the expression of aggrecan, collagen Ⅱ, MMP3, ADAMTS5, IL-6 and COX2. In addition, the role of the NF-κB pathway in regulating miR-133a-5p was studied using lentiviral shRNA, WB and RT-qPCR. Results: Results showed that FBXO6 mainly expressed in the NP tissue of IVD and the expression of FBXO6 decreased with the process of IVDD as well as under IL-1ß stimulation. The silence of FBXO6 led to the decreased expression of aggrecan and collagen Ⅱ and the increased expression of MMP3, ADAMTS5, IL-6 and COX2, which further induced the degeneration of NP cells. The bioinformatic analysis showed that miR-133a-5p was the candidate miRNA targeting FBXO6. miR-133a-5p was upregulated in IVDD tissues and significantly inhibited the expression of FBXO6. The inhibition of miR-133a-5p ameliorated the acceleration of IVDD induced by the silence of FBXO6 in vitro. Moreover, it was demonstrated that IL-1ß regulated the expression of the miR-133a-5p/FBXO6 axis via the NF-κB pathway in NP cells. Conclusion: miR-133a-5p was upregulated by IL-1ß to aggravate intervertebral disc degeneration via sponging FBXO6. Inhibiting miR-133a-5p expression or rescuing FBXO6 expression may be promising strategies for the treatment of IVDD. The translational potential of this article: This study suggests that the miR-133a-5p/FBXO6 axis could regulate NP cells proliferation, apoptosis, synthesis and degradation of extracellular matrix, which provides a promising therapeutic target and strategy for the treatment of IVDD.

19.
ACS Omega ; 6(25): 16259-16265, 2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34235295

RESUMO

The potential therapeutic application of oligonucleotides (ONs) that selectively suppress target genes through antisense and RNA interference mechanisms has attracted great attention. The clinical applications of ONs have overcome multiple obstacles and become one of the most active areas for the development of novel therapeutics. To achieve efficient and specific cellular internalization, conjugation of a variety of functional groups to ONs has been the subject of intensive investigations over the past decade. Among them, a promising liver-targeted N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) ligand has been evaluated in multiple preclinical and clinical trials for improving the cellular uptake and tissue specific delivery of ONs. GalNAc-based delivery relies on the fact that liver hepatocytes abundantly and specifically express the asialoglycoprotein receptor that binds and uptakes circulating glycoproteins via receptor-mediated endocytosis. In recent years, encouraging progress has been made in the field of GalNAc conjugates. This review aims to provide an overview of GalNAc-mediated liver-targeted delivery of small interfering RNA and antisense oligonucleotides, and the immense effort as well as recent advances in the development of GalNAc-conjugated agents are described.

20.
J Cell Physiol ; 236(11): 7464-7472, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34061993

RESUMO

Most patients that resuscitate successfully from cardiac arrest (CA) suffer from poor neurological prognosis. DL-3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) is known to have neuroprotective effects via multiple mechanisms. This study aimed to investigate whether NBP can decrease neurological impairment after CA. We studied the protective role of NBP in the hippocampus of a rat model of cardiac arrest induced by asphyxia. Thirty-nine rats were divided randomly into sham, control, and NBP groups. Rats in control and NBP groups underwent cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) 6 min after asphyxia. NBP or vehicle (saline) was administered intravenously 10 min after the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Ultrastructure of hippocampal neurons was observed under transmission electron microscope. NBP treatment improved neurological function up to 72 h after CA. The ultrastructural lesion in mitochondria recovered in the NBP-treated CA model. In conclusion, our study demonstrated multiple therapeutic benefits of NBP after CA.

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