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1.
Chemistry ; 25(69): 15846-15857, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529652

RESUMO

Large separations between ground and excited magnetic states in single-molecule magnets (SMMs) are desirable to reduce the likelihood of spin reversal in the molecules. Spin-phonon coupling is a process leading to magnetic relaxation. Both the reversal and coupling, making SMMs lose magnetic moments, are undesirable. However, direct determination of large magnetic states separations (>45 cm-1 ) is challenging, and few detailed investigations of the spin-phonon coupling have been conducted. The magnetic separation in [Co(12-crown-4)2 ](I3 )2 (12-crown-4) (1) is determined and its spin-phonon coupling is probed by inelastic neutron scattering (INS) and far-IR spectroscopy. INS, using oriented single crystals, shows a magnetic transition at 49.4(1.0) cm-1 . Far-IR reveals that the magnetic transition and nearby phonons are coupled, a rarely observed phenomenon, with spin-phonon coupling constants of 1.7-2.5 cm-1 . The current work spectroscopically determines the ground-excited magnetic states separation in an SMM and quantifies its spin-phonon coupling, shedding light on the process causing magnetic relaxation.

2.
Inorg Chem ; 58(19): 12555-12564, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553166

RESUMO

Two mononuclear tetrahedral Co(II) complexes (HNEt3)2[Co(L1)2]·H2O (1) and (Bu4N)2[Co(L2)2]·H2O (2) (H2L1 = N,N'-bis(p-toluenesulfony1)oxamide, H2L2 = N,N'-diphenyloxamide) have been synthesized, and their structures have been characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Both complexes adopt distorted tetrahedral coordination geometries surrounding the Co(II) center, which is ligated by two doubly deprotonated oxamide ligands oriented perpendicularly to each other. Their axial magnetic anisotropies were revealed by the direct current (dc) magnetic measurements, high-field and high-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance, and theoretical calculations. Both complexes display slow magnetic relaxation in the absence of an applied dc field. Upon the application of the 0.15 T dc field, the quantum tunneling of magnetization is efficiently suppressed. In addition, both complexes display hysteresis loops with different field sweep rates at 1.8 K, which is rarely observed for Co(II) single-ion magnets (SIMs).

3.
Dalton Trans ; 48(28): 10743-10752, 2019 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31250855

RESUMO

Three mononuclear six-coordinate Co(ii)-pseudohalide complexes [Co(L)X2] with two N-donor pseudohalido coligands occupying the cis-positions (X = NCS- (1), NCSe- (2) or N(CN)2- (3)), and a five-coordinate complex [Co(L)(NCO)][B(C6H5)4] (4) [L = 1,4,7,10-tetramethyl-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane (12-TMC)] have been prepared and structurally characterized. Easy-plane magnetic anisotropy for 1-3 and easy-axis anisotropy for 4 were revealed via the analyses of the direct-current magnetic data, high-frequency and -field EPR (HFEPR) spectra and ab initio theoretical calculations. They display slow magnetic relaxations under an external applied dc field. Typically, two slow relaxation processes were found in 1 and 2 while only one relaxation process occurs in 3 and 4. The Raman-like mechanism is found to be dominant in the studied temperature range in 1. For 2-4, the Raman process is dominant in the low temperature region, while the Orbach mechanism dominates in the high temperature range.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 58(4): 2330-2335, 2019 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30648391

RESUMO

A mononuclear low spin ( S = 1/2) Co(II) molecule crystallized in a 4-fold symmetry is fully investigated by CW and pulsed EPR on a single crystal sample. The quantum phase memory time of the molecule around 1 µs at 5 K is direction-independent, while the Rabi oscillation frequency is anisotropic. The spin Hamiltonian analyses reveal that the anisotropic Landé factor and hyperfine tensor do not influence the anisotropy apparently when the microwave magnetic field is applied along a certain direction. It is considered that the possibly involved nuclear spin forbidden transitions may be responsible for the small distinction of Rabi frequencies in two directions.

5.
Dalton Trans ; 47(30): 10162-10171, 2018 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30010170

RESUMO

Experimental and theoretical studies of magnetic anisotropy and relaxation behavior of six-coordinate tris(pivalato)-Co(ii) and -Ni(ii) complexes (NBu4)[M(piv)3] (piv = pivalate, M = Co, 1; M = Ni, 2), with a coordination configuration at the intermediate between an octahedron and a trigonal prism, are reported. Direct current magnetic data and high-frequency and -field EPR spectra (HFEPR) of 1 have been modeled by a general Hamiltonian considering the first-order orbital angular momentum, while the spin Hamiltonian was used to interpret the data of 2. Both 1 and 2 show easy-axis magnetic anisotropies, which are further supported by ab initio calculations. Alternating current (ac) magnetic susceptibilities reveal slow magnetic relaxation at an applied dc field of 0.1 T in 1, which is characteristic of a field-induced single-ion magnet (SIM), but 2 does not exhibit single-ion magnetic properties at 1.8 K. Detailed analyses of relaxation times show a dominant contribution of a Raman process for spin relaxation in 1.

6.
Dalton Trans ; 47(8): 2506-2510, 2018 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29384533

RESUMO

The coordination geometries of the Co(ii) site in the two complexes [Co(imidazole)6][BPh4]2·0.3CH3CN (1) and [Co(imidazole)6][NO3]2 (2) were observed to display the ideal symmetries Ci and D3d, respectively. Both complexes were shown to be field-induced single-ion magnets. The effective energy barrier was found to decrease as the local symmetry changed from low-symmetry Ci to high-symmetry D3d.

7.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 53(67): 9304-9307, 2017 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28737799

RESUMO

We present the first examples of the coexistence of field induced slow magnetic relaxation and spin-crossover observed in five-coordinate cobalt(ii) complexes [Co(12-TMC)(CH3CN)](X)2 (12-TMC = 1,4,7,10-tetramethyl-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane, X = BF4-, 1; PF6-, 2). The direct-current (dc) magnetic data show a gradual and incomplete spin-crossover at high temperature. 1 and 2 display frequency- and temperature-dependent alternating-current (ac) magnetic susceptibility under an applied dc field of 2500 Oe, which originates from the S = 1/2 spin state of Co(ii) ions.

8.
Inorg Chem ; 55(24): 12603-12617, 2016 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27989182

RESUMO

Three mononuclear cobalt(II) tetranitrate complexes (A)2[Co(NO3)4] with different countercations, Ph4P+ (1), MePh3P+ (2), and Ph4As+ (3), have been synthesized and studied by X-ray single-crystal diffraction, magnetic measurements, inelastic neutron scattering (INS), high-frequency and high-field EPR (HF-EPR) spectroscopy, and theoretical calculations. The X-ray diffraction studies reveal that the structure of the tetranitrate cobalt anion varies with the countercation. 1 and 2 exhibit highly irregular seven-coordinate geometries, while the central Co(II) ion of 3 is in a distorted-dodecahedral configuration. The sole magnetic transition observed in the INS spectroscopy of 1-3 corresponds to the zero-field splitting (2(D2 + 3E2)1/2) from 22.5(2) cm-1 in 1 to 26.6(3) cm-1 in 2 and 11.1(5) cm-1 in 3. The positive sign of the D value, and hence the easy-plane magnetic anisotropy, was demonstrated for 1 by INS studies under magnetic fields and HF-EPR spectroscopy. The combined analyses of INS and HF-EPR data yield the D values as +10.90(3), +12.74(3), and +4.50(3) cm-1 for 1-3, respectively. Frequency- and temperature-dependent alternating-current magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal the slow magnetization relaxation in 1 and 2 at an applied dc field of 600 Oe, which is a characteristic of field-induced single-molecule magnets (SMMs). The electronic structures and the origin of magnetic anisotropy of 1-3 were revealed by calculations at the CASPT2/NEVPT2 level.

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