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1.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 19, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34980107

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The cartilage segmentation algorithms make it possible to accurately evaluate the morphology and degeneration of cartilage. There are some factors (location of cartilage subregions, hydrarthrosis and cartilage degeneration) that may influence the accuracy of segmentation. It is valuable to evaluate and compare the accuracy and clinical value of volume and mean T2* values generated directly from automatic knee cartilage segmentation with those from manually corrected results using prototype software. METHOD: Thirty-two volunteers were recruited, all of whom underwent right knee magnetic resonance imaging examinations. Morphological images were obtained using a three-dimensional (3D) high-resolution Double-Echo in Steady-State (DESS) sequence, and biochemical images were obtained using a two-dimensional T2* mapping sequence. Cartilage score criteria ranged from 0 to 2 and were obtained using the Whole-Organ Magnetic Resonance Imaging Score (WORMS). The femoral, patellar, and tibial cartilages were automatically segmented and divided into subregions using the post-processing prototype software. Afterwards, all the subregions were carefully checked and manual corrections were done where needed. The dice coefficient correlations for each subregion by the automatic segmentation were calculated. RESULTS: Cartilage volume after applying the manual correction was significantly lower than automatic segmentation (P < 0.05). The percentages of the cartilage volume change for each subregion after manual correction were all smaller than 5%. In all the subregions, the mean T2* relaxation time within manual corrected subregions was significantly lower than in regions after automatic segmentation (P < 0.05). The average time for the automatic segmentation of the whole knee was around 6 min, while the average time for manual correction of the whole knee was around 27 min. CONCLUSIONS: Automatic segmentation of cartilage volume has a high dice coefficient correlation and it can provide accurate quantitative information about cartilage efficiently without individual bias. Advances in knowledge: Magnetic resonance imaging is the most promising method to detect structural changes in cartilage tissue. Unfortunately, due to the structure and morphology of the cartilages obtaining accurate segmentations can be problematic. There are some factors (location of cartilage subregions, hydrarthrosis and cartilage degeneration) that may influence segmentation accuracy. We therefore assessed the factors that influence segmentations error.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , Cartilagem Articular/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Joelho , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Software , Voluntários
2.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(1): 314-328, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34989516

RESUMO

In order to study the spatial and temporal distribution characteristics of aerobic denitrification bacteria in the sediments of Gangnan Reservoir, the aerobic denitrification bacterial community was analyzed using a MiSeq high-throughput sequencing technique based on the napA gene. Moreover, the composition, diversity, difference, and network analysis of the aerobic denitrification bacterial community were investigated. The results showed higher α-diversity (Chao1 index, Observed species index, and Shannon index) in autumn and winter than that in spring and summer; that is, the richness and diversity of sampling sites in autumn and winter were higher. In terms of spatial distribution, the Chao1 index, Observed species index, Shannon index, and Simpson index of the bacterial community in the sampling sites in the transition zone were higher than those in the sampling sites in the inflow area and the main reservoir area, indicating that the richness and diversity of the bacterial community in the sampling sites in the transition zone were the highest. The aerobic denitrifying bacteria in the sediments of Gangnan Reservoir mainly belong to Protebacteria. The first dominant class was ß-Proteobacteria, and the first dominant genus was Thauera. A Venn diagram analysis indicated that the community of aerobic denitrification bacteria exhibited significant spatial and temporal differences. At the spatial level, there were higher numbers of different species based on LEfSe analysis than that at the seasonal level. Among the marker species screened by random forest analysis, Comamonas had the highest contribution in all spatial sampling sites, whereas Pectobacterium had the highest contribution in all seasonal sampling sites. Network analysis showed that there were nine modules, including 565 edges of 297 nodes; 47 keystone species were obtained based on the indicator OTUs analysis and network analysis. The principal co-ordinates analysis revealed that keystone species in the spatial distribution exhibited significant differences (Adonis, P<0.001). The results of this study provide scientific basis for the separation and identification of efficient aerobic denitrifying bacteria.


Assuntos
Bactérias , Desnitrificação , Bactérias/genética
3.
Chemosphere ; 290: 133368, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34933027

RESUMO

Although the widespread use of nanoparticles has been reported in various fields, the toxic mechanisms of molecular regulation involved in the alfalfa treated by nanomaterials is still in the preliminary research stage. In this study, Bara 310 SC (Bara, tolerant genotype) and Gold Empress (Gold, susceptible genotype) were used to investigate how the leaves of alfalfa interpret the physiological responses to graphene stress based on metabolome and transcriptome characterizations. Herein, graphene at different concentrations (0, 1% and 2%, w/w) were selected as the analytes. Physiological results showed antioxidant defence system and photosynthesis was significantly disturbed under high environmental concentration of graphene. With Ultra high performance liquid chromatography electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-ESI-MS/MS), 406 metabolites were detected and 62/13 and 110/58 metabolites significantly changed in the leaves of Gold/Bara under the 1% and 2%-graphene treatments (w/w), respectively. The most important metabolites which were accumulated under graphene stress includes amino acids, flavonoids, organic acids and sugars. Transcriptomic analysis reveals 1125 of core graphene-responsive genes in alfalfa that was robustly differently expressed in both genotypes. And differential expression genes (DEGs) potentially related to photosynthetic enzymes, antioxidant enzymes, amino acids metabolism, and sucrose and starch metabolic which finding was supported by the metabolome study. Gold was more disturbed by graphene stress at both transcriptional and metabolic levels, since more stress-responsive genes/metabolites were identified in Gold. A comprehensive analysis of transcriptomic and metabolomic data highlights the important role of amino acid metabolism and nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism pathways for graphene tolerance in alfalfa. Our study provide necessary information for better understanding the phytotoxicity molecular mechanism underlying nanomaterials tolerance of plant.


Assuntos
Grafite , Medicago sativa , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Grafite/toxicidade , Medicago sativa/genética , Metabolômica , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Transcriptoma
4.
J Affect Disord ; 297: 421-429, 2022 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The amygdala is vital in processing psychological stress and predicting vulnerability or resilience to stress-related disorders. This study aimed to build the link between functional magnetic resonance imaging data obtained before the stress event and the subsequent stress-related depressive symptoms. METHODS: Neuroimaging data obtained before the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic from 39 patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and 61 health controls (HCs) were used in this study. The participants were divided retrospectively into four groups in accordance with the severity of depressive symptoms during the pandemic: remitted patients, non-remitted patients, depressed HCs (HCd) and non-depressed HCs (HCnd). Seed-based resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) analyses of the amygdala and its subregions, including the centromedial (CM), the basolateral and the superficial (SF), were performed. RESULTS: Vulnerability to depression was suggested by decreased rsFC between the left CM amygdala and the bilateral lingual gyrus in the HCd group compared with the HCnd group, and decreased rsFC of the left CM or right SF amygdala with the precuneus and the postcentral gyrus in the HCd group compared with patients with MDD. No evidence supported the rsFC of the amygdala or its subregions as a biomarker for the resilience of patients with MDD to stress under antidepressant treatment. LIMITATIONS: Smaller sample size and no longitudinal neuroimaging data. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that the rsFC of amygdala subregions may represent a neurobiological marker of vulnerability to depression following stress.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Tonsila do Cerebelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Depressão , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/epidemiologia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Environ Pollut ; 296: 118746, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34968616

RESUMO

Considerable investigations have been carried out to address the relationship between ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and blood pressure (BP) in patients with hypertension. However, few studies have explored the influence of PM2.5 and its constituents on Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), an established risk factor for hypertension and cardiovascular disease (CVD), particularly in severely air-polluted areas. To explore the potential impact of PM2.5 constituents on BP, plasma hormones, and TMAO, a panel study was conducted to investigate changes in BP, plasma hormones, and TMAO in response to ambient air pollution exposure in stage 1 hypertensive young adults. Linear mixed effect models were used to estimate the cumulative effects of fine particulate matters (PM2.5) and its constituents on BP, plasma hormones and TMAO. We found that one interquartile range (IQR) (35 µg/m3) increase in 0-1 day moving-average PM2.5 concentrations was statistically significantly associated with elevated systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and mean arterial pressure (MAP) with estimated values of 0.13 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.03 to 0.23) mmHg, 0.18 (95% CI: 0.08 to 0.28) mmHg, and 0.17 (95% CI: 0.09 to 0.26) mmHg, respectively. Hormone disturbance in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system was also associated with PM2.5 exposure. Elevated TMAO levels with an IQR increase for 0-4, 0-5, 0-6 moving-average concentrations of PM2.5 were found, and the increased values ranged from 26.28 (95% CI: 2.92 to 49.64) to 60.78 (31.95-89.61) ng/ml. More importantly, the PM2.5-bound metal constituents, such as manganese (Mn), titanium (Ti), and selenium (Se) showed robust associations with elevated BP and plasma TMAO levels. This study demonstrates associations between PM2.5 metal constituents and increased BP, changes in plasma hormones and TMAO, in stage 1 hypertensive young adults. Source control, aiming to reduce the emission of PM2.5-bound metals should be implemented to reduce the risk of hypertension and CVD.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Poluição do Ar/estatística & dados numéricos , Pressão Sanguínea , China , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Hormônios , Humanos , Metilaminas , Material Particulado/análise
6.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(32): 10046-10051, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34877349

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Jaundice is a major manifestation of posthepatectomy liver failure, a feared complication after hepatic resection. Herein, we report a case of posthepatectomy jaundice that was not caused by liver failure but by paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH)-induced hemolysis. CASE SUMMARY: A 56-year-old woman underwent right hepatectomy and biliary tract exploration surgery due to hepatic duct stones. Prior to surgery, the patient was mildly anemic. The direct antiglobulin test was negative. A bone marrow biopsy showed mild histiocyte hyperplasia. After surgery, the patient suffered a progressive increase in serum bilirubin. Meanwhile, the patient developed hemolytic symptoms after blood transfusion. She was ultimately diagnosed with PNH. PNH is a rare bone marrow failure disorder that manifests as complement-dependent intravascular hemolysis with varying severity. After steroid treatment, the patient's jaundice gradually decreased, and the patient was discharged on the 35th postoperative day. CONCLUSION: PNH-induced hemolysis is a rare cause of posthepatectomy jaundice. It should be suspected in patients having posthepatectomy hyperbilirubinemia without other signs of liver failure. Steroid therapy can be considered for the treatment of PNH in such cases.

7.
Nanomicro Lett ; 14(1): 7, 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34859318

RESUMO

The application of ionic liquids in perovskite has attracted wide-spread attention for its astounding performance improvement of perovskite solar cells (PSCs). However, the detailed mechanisms behind the improvement remain mysterious. Herein, a series of imidazolium-based ionic liquids (IILs) with different cations and anions is systematically investigated to elucidate the passivation mechanism of IILs on inorganic perovskites. It is found that IILs display the following advantages: (1) They form ionic bonds with Cs+ and Pb2+ cations on the surface and at the grain boundaries of perovskite films, which could effectively heal/reduce the Cs+/I- vacancies and Pb-related defects; (2) They serve as a bridge between the perovskite and the hole-transport-layer for effective charge extraction and transfer; and (3) They increase the hydrophobicity of the perovskite surface to further improve the stability of the CsPbI2Br PSCs. The combination of the above effects results in suppressed non-radiative recombination loss in CsPbI2Br PSCs and an impressive power conversion efficiency of 17.02%. Additionally, the CsPbI2Br PSCs with IILs surface modification exhibited improved ambient and light illumination stability. Our results provide guidance for an in-depth understanding of the passivation mechanism of IILs in inorganic perovskites.

8.
Mol Metab ; : 101412, 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34890852

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Multiple GWAS have identified SNPs in the 8q24 locus near TRIB1 that significantly associate with plasma lipids and other markers of cardiometabolic health, and prior studies have uncovered roles for hepatic and myeloid Trib1 in plasma lipid regulation and atherosclerosis. The same 8q24 SNPs additionally associate with plasma adiponectin levels in humans, implicating TRIB1 in adipocyte biology. Here, we hypothesize that TRIB1 in adipose tissue regulates plasma adiponectin, lipids, and metabolic health. METHODS: We investigate the metabolic phenotype of adipocyte-specific Trib1 knockout mice (Trib1_ASKO) on chow and high fat diet. Through secretomics of adipose tissue explants and RNA-seq of adipocytes and livers from these mice, we further investigate the mechanism of TRIB1 in adipose tissue. RESULTS: Trib1_ASKO mice have an improved metabolic phenotype with increased plasma adiponectin levels, improved glucose tolerance, and decreased plasma lipids. Trib1_ASKO adipocytes have increased adiponectin production and secretion independent of the known TRIB1 function of regulating proteasomal degradation. RNA-seq analysis of adipocytes and livers from Trib1_ASKO mice suggests that alterations in adipocyte function underlie the observed plasma lipid changes. Adipose tissue explant secretomics further reveals that Trib1_ASKO adipose tissue has decreased ANGPTL4 production, and we demonstrate an accompanying increase in LPL activity that likely underlies the triglyceride phenotype. CONCLUSION: Adipocyte Trib1 regulates multiple aspects of metabolic health, confirming previously observed genetic associations in humans and shedding light on further mechanisms by which TRIB1 regulates plasma lipids and metabolic health.

9.
J Biol Chem ; : 101456, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34861240

RESUMO

Well-orchestrated maternal-fetal crosstalk occurs via secreted ligands, interacting receptors, and coupled intracellular pathways between the conceptus and endometrium, and is essential for successful embryo implantation. However, previous studies mostly focus on either the conceptus or the endometrium in isolation. The lack of integrated analysis impedes our understanding of early maternal-fetal crosstalk. Herein, focusing on ligand-receptor complexes and coupled pathways at the maternal-fetal interface in sheep, we provide the first comprehensive proteomic map of ligand-receptor pathway cascades essential for embryo implantation. We demonstrate that these cascades are associated with cell adhesion and invasion, redox homeostasis, and the immune response. Candidate interactions and their physiological roles were further validated by functional experiments. We reveal the physical interaction of albumin and claudin 4 and their roles in facilitating embryo attachment to endometrium. We also demonstrate a novel function of enhanced conceptus glycolysis in remodeling uterine receptivity by inducing endometrial histone lactylation, a newly identified histone modification. Results from in vitro and in vivo models supported the essential role of lactate in inducing endometrial H3K18 lactylation and in regulating redox homeostasis and apoptotic balance to ensure successful implantation. By reconstructing a map of potential ligand-receptor pathway cascades at the maternal-fetal interface, our study presents new concepts for understanding molecular and cellular mechanisms that fine-tune conceptus-endometrium crosstalk during implantation. This provides more direct and accurate insights for developing potential clinical intervention strategies to improve pregnancy outcomes following both natural and assisted conception.

10.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 214: 106550, 2021 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34861617

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: As a common pathological pulse, unsmooth pulse has important diagnostic value in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). In modern pulse diagnosis, unsmooth pulse plays an important role in the diagnosis of disease location and nature, but there are few studies on it. In this paper, a pulse diagnosis approach based on acoustic waveforms was proposed, the wrist pulse was divided into five layers vertically for the first time. Five layers acoustic waves of the radial artery in stable coronary heart disease (CHD) patients and relatively healthy people were compared to explore whether there are abnormal changes in acoustic pulse in stable CHD patients. METHODS: The acoustic features of unsmooth pulse in patients with stable CHD were analyzed in time domain, frequency domain and empirical mode decomposition, combined with shannon entropy and multi-scale entropy. Sixteen pulse characteristics were discovered, and one-way analysis of variance were performed. The characteristics of the two groups were tested by T test. 13 features were used to identify patients with stable CHD by support vector machine (SVM). RESULTS: Compared to healthy people, all parameters of the third layer of the stable CHD left Cun pulse were significantly different from those of the healthy people. The identification rates of the fourth and third layer of the left Cun pulse were the first (90.79%) and the second (88.16%), respectively. CONCLUSION: Abnormal acoustic pulse appeared in the radial artery in patients with stable CHD. According to these changes, patients with stable CHD can be effectively identified from the perspective of pulse.

11.
Cell Res ; 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34848869

RESUMO

Dopamine (DA) level in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) is critical for reward and aversion encoding. DA released from the ventral mesencephalon (VM) DAergic neurons increases the excitability of VM-projecting D1-dopamine receptor-expressing medium spiny neurons (D1-MSNs) in the NAc to enhance DA release and augment rewards. However, how such a DA positive feedback loop is regulated to maintain DA homeostasis and reward-aversion balance remains elusive. Here we report that the ventral pallidum (VP) projection of NAc D1-MSNs (D1NAc-VP) is inhibited by rewarding stimuli and activated by aversive stimuli. In contrast to the VM projection of D1-MSN (D1NAc-VM), activation of D1NAc-VP projection induces aversion, but not reward. D1NAc-VP MSNs are distinct from the D1NAc-VM MSNs, which exhibit conventional functions of D1-MSNs. Activation of D1NAc-VP projection stimulates VM GABAergic transmission, inhibits VM DAergic neurons, and reduces DA release into the NAc. Thus, D1NAc-VP and D1NAc-VM MSNs cooperatively control NAc dopamine balance and reward-aversion states.

12.
Virtual Real ; : 1-16, 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34849087

RESUMO

Large populations worldwide have been deprived from nature experiences due to mass quarantines and lockdowns during the COVID-19 pandemic, and face a looming mental health crisis. Virtual reality offers a safe and practical solution to increase nature exposure. This research examined the effects of virtual nature using a within-subject design with young adults (Study 1) and senior citizens (Study 2). Results from the young adult sample showed that walking in a virtual forest reduced negative affect due to enhanced nature connectedness, and reduced stress measured by heart rate. Consistently, the senior citizen sample reported improved positive affect due to enhanced nature connectedness after the virtual nature walk. Our findings unveil the underlying mechanism of how virtual nature may improve psychological well-being and demonstrated how virtual nature can be used as an intervention to promote mental health. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s10055-021-00604-4.

13.
Plants (Basel) ; 10(12)2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34961124

RESUMO

In recent years, with the frequent global occurrence of harmful algal blooms, the use of plant allelopathy to control algal blooms has attracted special and wide attention. This study validates the possibility of turning water dropwort into a biological resource to inhibit the growth of harmful Microcystis aeruginosa blooms via allelopathy. The results revealed that there were 33 types of allelopathic compounds in the water dropwort culture water, of which 15 were phenolic acids. Regarding water dropwort itself, 18 phenolic acids were discovered in all the organs of water dropwort via a targeted metabolomics analysis; they were found to be mainly synthesized in the leaves and then transported to the roots and then ultimately released into culture water where they inhibited M. aeruginosa growth. Next, three types of phenolic acids synthesized in water dropwort, i.e., benzoic, salicylic, and ferulic acids, were selected to clarify their inhibitory effects on the growth of M. aeruginosa and their mechanism(s) of action. It was found that the inhibitory effect of phenolic acids on the growth of M. aeruginosa increased with the increase of the exposure concentration, although the algae cells were more sensitive to benzoic acid than to salicylic and ferulic acids. Further study indicated that the inhibitory effects of the three phenolic acids on the growth of M. aeruginosa were largely due to the simultaneous action of reducing the number of cells, damaging the integrity of the cell membrane, inhibiting chlorophyll a (Chl-a) synthesis, decreasing the values of F0 and Fv/Fm, and increasing the activity of the antioxidant enzymes (SOD, POD, and CAT) of M. aeruginosa. Thus, the results of this study indicate that both culture water including the rich allelochemicals in water dropwort and biological algae inhibitors made from water dropwort could be used to control the growth of noxious algae in the future.

14.
Sci Total Environ ; 812: 152549, 2021 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34952069

RESUMO

Tailwater phosphate from sewage treatment plants and biomass bottom ash (BA) from power plants has become a global concern for the sustainable environmental development and resource management. However, there are large gaps in the understanding of the removal mechanisms and application conditions of BA on tailwater phosphate. In this study, the removal effect and mechanism of BA and its composites were fully discussed using a series of experiments, including adsorption, desorption, characterization, and incubation experiments. It was found that the combination of BA and red soil at a rate of 4:1 (CBA) could remove 92.44% of phosphate from tailwater in 3-10 h. Its adsorption process was well fitted by the pseudo-second-order kinetic and Freundlich isotherm adsorption models. The mechanism of phosphate adsorption primarily included ligand exchange, physical adsorption, chemical precipitation, electrostatic attraction, and ion exchange. The CBA could be used as a better substrate for constructed wetlands because it was effective under wide application conditions, which varying pH values (4.0-8.0), initial concentrations of tailwater phosphate (0.5-5.0 mg L-1), and even extreme temperatures (heat and cold). Moreover, Hippuris vulgaris L. was optimized and combined with the CBA to deeply remove 57.45-76.06% of phosphate from a rural sewage treatment plant. The phosphate concentration after treatment could reach below the limit values of the Grade III or IV standard (GB 3838-2002), though the CBA contained and released phosphate. This study can help provide a recycling route for both BA and tailwater phosphate resources, extend the industrial chain of biomass power plants, and improve the surrounding water environment.

15.
Transl Psychiatry ; 11(1): 634, 2021 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34903712

RESUMO

Antidepressants are often the first-line medications prescribed for patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Given the critical role of the default mode network (DMN) in the physiopathology of MDD, the current study aimed to investigate the effects of antidepressants on the resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) within and between the DMN subsystems. We collected resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) data from 36 unmedicated MDD patients at baseline and after escitalopram treatment for 12 weeks. The rs-fMRI data were also collected from 61 matched healthy controls at the time point with the same interval. Then, we decomposed the DMN into three subsystems based on a template from previous studies and computed the rsFC within and between the three subsystems. Finally, repeated measures analysis of covariance was conducted to identify the main effect of group and time and their interaction effect. We found that the significantly reduced within-subsystem rsFC in the DMN core subsystem in patients with MDD at baseline was increased after escitalopram treatment and became comparable with that in the healthy controls, whereas the reduced within-subsystem rsFC persisted in the DMN dorsal medial prefrontal cortex (dMPFC) and medial temporal subsystems in patients with MDD following escitalopram treatment. In addition, the reduced between-subsystem rsFC between the core and dMPFC subsystem showed a similar trend of change after treatment in patients with MDD. Moreover, our main results were confirmed using the DMN regions from another brain atlas. In the current study, we found different effects of escitalopram on the rsFC of the DMN subsystems. These findings deepened our understanding of the neuronal basis of antidepressants' effect on brain function in patients with MDD. The trial name: appropriate technology study of MDD diagnosis and treatment based on objective indicators and measurement. URL: http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=21377 . Registration number: ChiCTR-OOC-17012566.

16.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 18(11): 857-866, 2021 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34908923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Trial to Assess Chelation Therapy study found that edetate disodium (disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) chelation therapy significantly reduced the incidence of cardiac events in stable post-myocardial infarction patients, and a body of epidemiological data has shown that accumulation of biologically active metals, such as lead and cadmium, is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, limited studies have focused on the relationship between angiographically diagnosed coronary artery disease (CAD) and lead exposure. This study compared blood lead level (BLL) in Chinese patients with and without CAD. METHODS: In this prospective, observational study, 450 consecutive patients admitted to Beijing Anzhen Hospital with suspected CAD from November 1, 2018, to January 30, 2019, were enrolled. All patients underwent coronary angiography, and an experienced heart team calculated the SYNTAX scores (SXscore) for all available coronary angiograms. BLLs were determined with atomic absorption spectrophotometry and compared between patients with angiographically diagnosed CAD and those without CAD. RESULTS: In total, 343 (76%) patients had CAD, of whom 42% had low (0-22), 22% had intermediate (23-32), and 36% had high (≥ 33) SXscore. BLLs were 36.8 ± 16.95 µg/L in patients with CAD and 31.2 ± 15.75 µg/L in those without CAD (P = 0.003). When BLLs were categorized into three groups (low, middle, high), CAD prevalence increased with increasing BLLs (P < 0.05). In the multivariate regression model, BLLs were associated with CAD (odds ratio (OR): 1.023, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.008-1.039; P = 0.0017). OR in the high versus low BLL group was 2.36 (95% CI: 1.29-4.42,P = 0.003). Furthermore, BLLs were independently associated with intermediate and high SXscore (adjusted OR: 1.050, 95% CI: 1.036-1.066; P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: BLLs were significantly associated with angiographically diagnosed CAD. Furthermore, BLLs showed excellent predictive value for SXscore, especially for complex coronary artery lesions.

17.
Nano Lett ; 21(21): 8952-8959, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34723554

RESUMO

The pursuit of miniaturized optical sources for on-chip applications has led to the development of surface plasmon polariton lasers (plasmonic lasers). While applications in spectroscopy and information technology would greatly benefit from the facile and active tuning of the output wavelength from such devices, this topic remains underexplored. Here, we demonstrate optically controlled switching between predefined wavelengths within a plasmonic microlaser. After fabricating Fabry-Pérot plasmonic cavities that consist of two curved block reflectors on an ultrasmooth flat Ag surface, we deposit a thin film of CdSe/CdxZn1-xS/ZnS colloidal core/shell/shell nanoplatelets (NPLs) as the gain medium. Our cavity geometry allows the spatial and energetic separation of transverse modes. By spatially modulating the gain profile within this device, we demonstrate active selection and switching between four transverse modes within a single plasmonic laser. The fast buildup and decay of the plasmonic modes promises picosecond switching times, given sufficiently rapid changes in the structured illumination.

18.
J Dairy Sci ; 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34802734

RESUMO

The gastric digestion behavior of differently processed goat milks was investigated using a dynamic in vitro gastric digestion model, the human gastric simulator. Homogenization and heat treatment of goat milk resulted in gastric clots with highly fragmented structures. They also delayed the pH reduction during digestion, altered the chemical composition of the clots and the emptied digesta, promoted the release of calcium from the clots, and accelerated the hydrolysis and the emptying of milk proteins. The apparent density of the protein particles and the location of the homogenized fat globules changed during the digestion process, as shown in the emptied digesta of the homogenized goat milks. The effects of processing on the digestion behavior of goat milk were broadly similar to those previously reported for cow milk. However, the overall gastric digestion process of goat milk was more affected by homogenization than by heat treatments.

19.
Thorac Cancer ; 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34773374

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pathological alterations of the thymus are observed in the majority of patients with myasthenia gravis (MG). To explore the potential mechanisms of these alterations, we performed a transcriptome analysis and measured co-expression of aberrant long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and messenger RNAs (mRNAs). METHODS: RNA was extracted from eight patients with thymoma, five of whom had MG. Transcriptome profiles were acquired through mRNA and lncRNA microarray analysis. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was used to verify the results of the microarray analysis. LncRNAs co-expressed with mRNA were analyzed with Pearson's coefficient. Next, cis-regulated and trans-regulated target genes were predicted. The functions of aberrant lncRNAs were explored on the basis of Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses of target mRNAs. RESULTS: The comparative microarray analysis identified 4360 lncRNAs and 2545 mRNAs with significant differential expression. The most significant GO enrichment terms were phosphoric ester hydrolase activity, phosphatase activity, and hydrolase activity, which were assigned as molecular functions. Regulation of endosome size was the most significant GO enrichment term assigned as a biological process, and Golgi apparatus was the most significant GO enrichment term assigned as cellular component. The reliability prediction terms of KEGG included calcium signaling pathway, glycosphingolipid biosynthesis, and caffeine metabolism. CONCLUSION: MG-positive thymoma is associated with overactive biological processes and molecular functions, especially dephosphorylation and hydrolysis, which may affect thymocyte survival during selection in the thymus.

20.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(11): 5131-5142, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34708952

RESUMO

In order to systematically study the transmission characteristics of seasonal and typical pollutants in Shijiazhuang, hourly data of ground-level pollutants(PM2.5, PM10, O3, NO2, SO2, and CO) from 46 state-and provincial-controlled stations, and meteorological(temperature, humidity, and wind speed) data from 17 counties in Shijiazhuang City from December 2018 to November 2019 was analyzed. The interpolation(IDW) and correlation analysis were applied to seasonal and temporal spatial patterns of pollutant concentration. The backward trajectories analysis was performed to explore the seasonal transmission pattern and potential source areas of pollution in Shijiazhuang by combining with the global data assimilation system(GDAS). The results indicate that the different seasons have characteristic pollutants, as follows:spring(PM10, 48.91%), summer(O3, 81.97%), autumn(PM10 and PM2.5, 47.54% and 32.79%), and winter(PM2.5, 74.44%), which are related to the variation of meteorological conditions. Furthermore, the PM10(spring) concentration correlated negatively with the wind speed, presenting a high distribution in the northwest and low in the southeast, with a southerly transmission direction(53.32%). Central and southern Hebei, central and northern Henan, and central Shanxi are the potential sources of pollution(WPCWTij ≥ 160 µg·m-3), impacting western Shandong and northwest Shanxi(WPSCFij ≥ 0.3) with PM10. Moreover, the O3(summer) concentration correlated positively with temperature, and negatively with humidity. The southeast-south(54.24%) is the source direction of the transmission, and the potential source of O3 pollution is an arc area with Shijiazhuang in the center and Cangzhou and Heze as the double wings. Lastly, the PM2.5(autumn and winter) concentration correlated positively with humidity, and the winter concentration shows an increasing gradient from west to east. The trajectories of PM2.5 clustered the source directions:autumn(northeast-southeast, 74.75%), winter(northwest, 55.47%); central and southern Hebei, central and western Shanxi and northern Henan are the concentrated sources of potential pollution(WPCWTij ≥ 180 µg·m-3).


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Poluição Ambiental , Material Particulado/análise , Estações do Ano
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