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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(4): 832-837, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472483

RESUMO

The mouse model of multiple cerebral infarctions, established by injecting fluorescent microspheres into the common carotid artery, is a recent development in animal models of cerebral ischemia. To investigate its effectiveness, mouse models of cerebral infarction were created by injecting fluorescent microspheres, 45-53 µm in diameter, into the common carotid artery. Six hours after modeling, fluorescent microspheres were observed directly through a fluorescence stereomicroscope, both on the brain surface and in brain sections. Changes in blood vessels, neurons and glial cells associated with microinfarcts were examined using fluorescence histochemistry and immunohistochemistry. The microspheres were distributed mainly in the cerebral cortex, striatum and hippocampus ipsilateral to the side of injection. Microinfarcts were found in the brain regions where the fluorescent microspheres were present. Here the lodged microspheres induced vascular and neuronal injury and the activation of astroglia and microglia. These histopathological changes indicate that this animal model of multiple cerebral infarctions effectively simulates the changes of various cell types observed in multifocal microinfarcts. This model is an effective, additional tool to study the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke and could be used to evaluate therapeutic interventions. This study was approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of the Institute of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences (approval No. D2021-03-16-1) on March 16, 2021.

2.
Magn Reson Med ; 87(2): 837-849, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34590729

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Chemical exchange saturation transfer signals from amines are sensitive to pH, and detection of these signals can serve as an alternative pH imaging method to amide proton transfer (APT). However, conflicting results regarding amine CEST imaging at 2 ppm in ischemic stroke have been reported. Here, we correlated amine CEST with APT in animal stroke models to evaluate its specificity to pH, and investigated the reason for the different results through simulations and sample studies. METHODS: A three-point quantification method was used to quantify APT. A polynomial fit method and a multiple-pool Lorentzian fit method were used to quantify amine CEST. Samples of creatine and glutamate were prepared to study the different CEST effects from arginine amine and fast exchanging pools. Samples of tissue homogenates with different pH were prepared to study the variation in CEST signals due only to changes in pH. RESULTS: The polynomial fit of amine CEST at 2 ppm had a significant correlation with APT, whereas the Lorentzian fit did not. Further studies showed that arginine amine contributed to the polynomial fit, whereas both the arginine amine and the fast exchanging pools contributed to the Lorentzian fit with their CEST effects varying in opposite directions after stroke. The CEST signal from the fast exchanging pool decreased, probably due to the reduced pool concentration but not pH. CONCLUSION: The variation in opposite directions led to an insignificant correlation of the Lorentzian fit of amine CEST with APT and the different results in different experimental conditions.

3.
Magn Reson Med ; 87(1): 409-416, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480767

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A relayed nuclear Overhauser enhancement (rNOE) saturation transfer effect at around -1.6 ppm from water, termed NOE(-1.6), was previously reported in rat and human brain, and some publications suggest that it may be related to blood. Here, we studied whether the NOE(-1.6) arises from blood through in vivo and ex vivo experiments. METHODS: To evaluate the contribution from in vivo blood to NOE(-1.6), intravascular signals in rat brain were suppressed by two approaches: (1) signal acquisition with a diffusion-weighting of b = 400 s/mm2 ; (2) intravascular injection of 5 mg/kg monocrystalline iron oxide nanoparticle (MION). Ex vivo blood sample was also prepared. The signals were acquired using a chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) pulse sequence. Multiple-pool Lorentzian fitting of CEST Z-spectra was performed to quantify the NOE(-1.6) signal. RESULTS: There are no significant variations in the fitted in vivo NOE(-1.6) signals when measured with or without diffusion-weighting, but significant signal decease does occur after injection of MION. The NOE(-1.6) signal from ex vivo blood is weaker than that from in vivo tissues. CONCLUSION: Considering the relatively small volume of blood in brain, the in vivo experiments with diffusion weighting and the ex vivo experiments both suggest that the NOE(-1.6) is not mainly from blood. The mechanism for the in vivo experiments with MION are less clear. MION not only suppresses MR signals from intravascular space, but changes the susceptibility in the perivascular space. This result suggests that although the NOE(-1.6) is not mainly from blood, it may be vasculature dependent.

4.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt A): 127034, 2022 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481393

RESUMO

A glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified by a hybrid, macroporous carbon (MPC) functionalized with triazine bridged covalent organic polycalix[4]arenes (CalCOP) (CalCOP-MPC), has been fabricated and utilized for simultaneous detection of nitrophenols (NP). The obtained CalCOP-MPC were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), cyclic voltammetry (CV), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), which confirmed that MPC had functionalized with CalCOP successfully. Benefiting from the synergistic supramolecular effect of macrocyclic receptor of CalCOP and the excellent electrical properties of MPC, the anodic peaks of o-nitrophenol (o-NP), m-nitrophenol (m-NP), and p-nitrophenol (p-NP) in their mixture can be well separated by the prepared electrode. Differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) measurements at CalCOP-MPC/GCE revealed that the linear ranges of NP isomers were all 1-400 µM, and the detection limit limits were 0.383 µM, 0.122 µM, and 0.212 µM for o-NP, m-NP, and p-NP, respectively. Moreover, the prepared modified electrodes showed a relatively good selectivity and stability, implying the prospect for detecting NP in real environmental samples.

5.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34774589

RESUMO

This study is to investigate the effect of microRNA-1338 (miR-1338) on the activity of Kupffer cells (KCs) and its mechanism regulated by ophiopogon polysaccharide liposome (OPL). KCs was treated with different OPL after transfected with miR-1338 mimic and miR-1338 inhibitor. The secretion of NO and iNOS, the expression of catalase (CAT) and peroxidase (POD), the phagocytic activity, the expression of CD14 and MHC II, the apoptosis and the secretion of ROS were measured. In addition, the expressions of key signal factors TLR4, IKKß, MyD88 and NF-κB in NF-κB signaling pathway were measured by real-time PCR and Western blot (WB). The results showed that OPL could promote the secretion of iNOS, the expression of POD, the phagocytosis, the mRNA expression of TLR4, MyD88, IKKß and NF-κB, the protein expression of TLR4 and NF-κB, and inhibit the cell apoptosis and ROS secretion after transfected with miR-1338 mimic. After transfected with miR-1338 inhibitor, OPL could promote the secretion of NO and iNOS, the expression of POD, cell migration, phagocytosis, and inhibit cell apoptosis. Meanwhile, the mRNA expression of TLR4, MyD88, IKKß and NF-κB and the protein expression of TLR4, MyD88 and NF-κB were promoted. These results suggested that OPL could activate TLR4-NF-κB signaling pathway and thereby improve the activity of KCs by regulating miR-1338.

6.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 1273, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The appropriate use of medications is essential in children. Yet, detailed information on how drugs are being prescribed and dispensed to pediatric populations is not documented in China. AIM: The study objective was to analyze the details of medicine use and categorize the types of inappropriate use of medications on children. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted on the prescriptions of pediatric outpatients aged < 18 years from 2019 to 2020 at a major Chinese tertiary academic center. Each age group's demographic and clinical characteristics were collected, and the ratios of inappropriate prescriptions were analyzed. RESULTS: The total number of pediatric outpatients was 652,152, and 49.37% (322000) were prescribed medications, in which the most widely used medicines were respiratory, anti-infectives, and Traditional Chinese Medicines (TCMs). The prevalence rate of inappropriate prescriptions reached 20.49%, and in 2019 it was higher (21.71%) than that in 2020 (18.36%). The top three common inappropriate categories were indication-related off-label drug use, improper administration frequency, and overdosing, accounting for 67.93, 17.80 and 11.06% of all inappropriate prescriptions, respectively. The inappropriate prescriptions were more likely seen in patients aged 2-5 years and respiratory medicines. CONCLUSIONS: The study findings indicate that inappropriate drug use in pediatric outpatients is still common, and great attention needs to be paid. More prospective trials are required to identify the effectiveness, safety, and necessity of off-label drug use of medicines in children.


Assuntos
Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Prescrição Inadequada , Uso Off-Label , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Clin Exp Allergy ; 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34820927

RESUMO

Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) is a clinical syndrome characterized by asthma, chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP), and acute respiratory symptoms following exposure to aspirin and other cyclooxygenase-1 inhibiting nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Patients with AERD often have a high symptom burden and more severe and difficult-to-treat upper respiratory symptoms compared to patients with aspirin-tolerant CRSwNP.1.

8.
Dis Markers ; 2021: 9948241, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721738

RESUMO

Background: Dead end 1 (DND1) plays a vital role during oncogenesis and cancer progression by regulating the mRNA content via competitive combination with miRNA, but what function it exerts in prostate cancer has been unclear. The purpose of this paper is to explore the correlation between DND1 expression levels and clinical characteristics in prostate cancer (PCa) patients. Materials and Methods: To assess the expression of DND1 in tumor specimens compared with paired paracancerous tissues, the sample from 83 patients was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database was used to verify our results. Subsequently, we statistically analyzed the relationship between DND1 expression and the clinical prognosis of PCa patients. Results: Compared with paracancerous tissues, DND1 has a higher expression level in prostate cancer. The overexpression of DND1 in protein level was significantly associated with the higher clinical stage (P = 0.006), ISUP grading group (P < 0.001), seminal vesicle invasion (P = 0.006), and PSA density (P = 0.002). Furthermore, the overexpression of DND1 indicates a poor clinical prognosis in prostate cancer patients. Conclusion: High-level expression of DND1 was associated with tumor progression and poor clinical prognosis. Hence, DND1 may become a potential prognostic biomarker for PCa.

9.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 729402, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616735

RESUMO

Trichinella spiralis is a major foodborne parasite worldwide. After the encapsulated muscle larvae (ML) in meat are ingested, the ML are liberated in the stomach of the host and activated into intestinal infectious larvae (IIL), which develop into adult worm after molting four times. A novel glutamine synthetase (TsGS) was identified from T. spiralis IIL at 10 h post-infection, but its biological role in T. spiralis life cycle is not clear. The aim of this study was to investigate the biological characteristics of TsGS and its functions in larval acid resistance, molting, and development. TsGS has a glutamine synthetase (GS) catalytic domain. Complete TsGS sequence was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21. rTsGS has good immunogenicity. qPCR and Western blotting showed that TsGS was highly expressed at IIL stage, and immunofluorescence revealed that TsGS was principally localized at the cuticle and intrauterine embryos of this nematode. rTsGS has enzymatic activity of natural GS to hydrolyze the substrate (Glu, ATP, and NH4 +). Silencing of TsGS gene significantly reduced the IIL survival at pH 2.5, decreased the IIL burden, and impeded larval molting and development. The results demonstrated that TsGS participates in T. spiralis larval acid resistance, molting and development, and it might be a candidate vaccine target against Trichinella molting and development.

10.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634809

RESUMO

Growing evidence suggests that functional cis-regulatory elements (cis-REs) not only exist in epigenetically marked but also in unmarked sites of the human genome. While it is already difficult to identify cis-REs in the epigenetically marked sites, interrogating cis-REs residing within the unmarked sites is even more challenging. Here, we report adapting Reel-seq, an in vitro high-throughput (HTP) technique, to fine-map cis-REs at high resolution over a large region of the human genome in a systematic and continuous manner. Using Reel-seq, as a proof-of-principle, we identified 408 candidate cis-REs by mapping a 58 kb core region on the aging-related CDKN2A/B locus that harbors p16INK4a. By coupling Reel-seq with FREP-MS, a proteomics analysis technique, we characterized two cis-REs, one in an epigenetically marked site and the other in an epigenetically unmarked site. These elements are shown to regulate the p16INK4a expression over an ∼100 kb distance by recruiting the poly(A) binding protein PABPC1 and the transcription factor FOXC2. Downregulation of either PABPC1 or FOXC2 in human endothelial cells (ECs) can induce the p16INK4a-dependent cellular senescence. Thus, we confirmed the utility of Reel-seq and FREP-MS analyses for the systematic identification of cis-REs at high resolution over a large region of the human genome.

11.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 142-146, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672151

RESUMO

Objective: To screen the influencing factors of hypertensive heart disease (HHD), establish the predictive model of HHD, and provide early warning for the occurrence of HHD. Methods: Select the patients diagnosed as hypertensive heart disease or hypertensionfrom January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2019, in the medical data science academy of a medical school. Influencing factors were screened through single factor and multi-factor analysis, and R software was used to construct the logistics model, random forest (RF) model and extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) model. Results: Univariate analysis screened 60 difference indicators, and multifactor analysis screened 18 difference indicators (P<0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) of Logistics model, RF model and XGBoost model are 0.979, 0.983 and 0.990, respectively. Conclusion: The results of the three HHD prediction models established in this paper are stable, and the XGBoost prediction model has a good diagnostic effect on the occurrence of HHD.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias , Aprendizado de Máquina , Biomarcadores , Humanos
12.
Parasit Vectors ; 14(1): 537, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649597

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Necator americanus is one of the major etiological agents of human ancylostomiasis. Historically, the epidemiology of ancylostomiasis in Henan Province of central China and the molecular characteristics of N. americanus have been poorly understood. METHODS: In this study, we report a case of ancylostomiasis in Zhengzhou city of Henan Province. We also review the epidemiology of ancylostomiasis in Henan Province from 1949 to 2020. In addition, the complete mitochondrial (mt) genome of one clinical isolate is fully characterized using Illumina sequencing. All available mt genomes of hookworms in GenBank were included to reconstruct the phylogeny using both maximum likelihood (ML) and Bayesian inference (BI) methods. RESULTS: A total of three worms were collected from the patient. These worms were identified as N. americanus based on morphological characteristics as well as confirmed by genotyping with the barcoding gene cox1. Although ancylostomiasis cases have dropped substantially in recent years, hookworm infection is still a public health problem in underdeveloped areas and remote rural areas in Henan Province. The mt genome features of the N. americanus contained 12 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNA genes, two ribosomal RNA genes, and a major non-coding region. The nad1 gene showed high sequence variability among isolates, which is worth considering for future genetic studies of N. americanus. Phylogenetic analyses support the monophyly of hookworm isolates from different hosts and distinct geographical locations. CONCLUSIONS: The mt genome of N. americanus presented here will serve as a useful data set for studying population genetics and phylogenetic relationships of hookworms. Positive measures for preventing and controlling ancylostomiasis are required by both health services and individuals in Henan Province.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34705428

RESUMO

Conductive materials involving nonprecious metal coordination complexes as electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) have received increasing attention in recent years. Herein, we reported efficient ORR electrocatalysts containing M-S2N2 sites with tunable selectivity based on simple one-dimensional (1D) coordination polymers (CPs). The 1D CPs were synthesized from M(OAc)2 and 2,5-diamino-1,4-benzenedithiol (DABDT) by a solvent thermal method. Due to their good electrical conductivities (10-6-10-2 S cm-1), the 1D CPs could be used as ORR catalysts in low catalytic amounts without the addition of carbon materials. Cobalt-based CPs showed a well-organized structure of nanosheets with Co-S2N2 sites exposed and exhibited remarkable electrocatalytic ORR activity (Eonset = 0.93 V vs reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE), E1/2 = 0.82 V, n = 3.85, JL = 5.22 mA cm-2, Tafel slope of 63 mV dec-1) in alkaline media. However, nickel-based CPs favored a 2e- ORR process with ∼87% H2O2 selectivity and an Eonset of 0.78 V. This work provides new opportunities for the construction of ORR catalysts based on conductive nonprecious metal CPs.

14.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(19)2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638252

RESUMO

Paclitaxel-based chemotherapy is a treatment option for advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). However, the development of chemoresistance leads to treatment failure, and the underlying mechanism remains elusive. We investigated the mechanisms of nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel (nab-PTX) resistance by establishing three nab-PTX resistant ESCC cell lines. Proteomics analysis revealed higher oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) in resistant cell line DR150 than in its parental cell line KYSE150, which is likely caused by stabilized anti-apoptotic protein MCL1. Additionally, we discovered the elevated activity of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), the phosphatase that dephosphorylates and stabilizes MCL1, in nab-PTX resistant cell lines. Pharmacological inhibition of PP2A with small molecule compound LB-100 decreased MCL1 protein level, caused more apoptosis in nab-PTX resistant ESCC cell lines than in the parental cells in vitro, and significantly inhibited the tumor growth of nab-PTX resistant xenografts in vivo. Moreover, LB-100 pretreatment partially restored nab-PTX sensitivity in the resistant cell lines and synergistically inhibited the tumor growth of nab-PTX resistant xenografts with nab-PTX. In summary, our study identifies a novel mechanism whereby elevated PP2A activity stabilizes MCL1 protein, increases OXPHOS, and confers nab-PTX resistance, suggesting that targeting PP2A is a potential strategy for reversing nab-PTX resistance in patients with advanced ESCC.

15.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 748256, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34708095

RESUMO

Background: Type 2 Diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and increase mortality. Clinical outcomes of patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were worse in T2DM patients than those without T2DM. New-onset diabetes after PCI (NODAP) is often observed during long-term follow-up and this further aggravates cardiovascular diseases. Several studies had focused on patients after PCI with known T2DM. Previous studies showed that impaired glucose tolerance and aging are risk factors that promote NODAP. Considering the unique characteristics of patients after PCI, we will further study relevant risk factors. We sought to investigate the potential predictors of acute coronary syndrome patients with NODAP by a multicenter retrospective cohort study. Methods: This is a multicenter retrospective cohort study including patients after PCI. Clinical medical records of these patients were collected from four hospitals in different areas in China, from 2010 to 2021. Patients' demographic information, medical history, diagnostic testing, PCI-related information, medication situation will be summarized using descriptive statistics, and correlation analysis was performed on the development of new-onset diabetes. Variation will be described and evaluated using χ2 test or Kreskas-Wallis test. The prediction model will be verified by a validation set. Discussion: A novel diabetes prediction model for patients after PCI is established, and this study can achieve advanced intervention for the occurrence of NODAP. Owing to its retrospective nature, this study has some limitations, but it will be further studied through supplement data collection or prospective study. The study has been registered for clinical trials by the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR2100047241).

16.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(11): 5535-5544, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34708993

RESUMO

Rice has a strong ability to accumulate Cd in soil, and it is of great significance to study Cd pollution and safe planting zoning in paddy soils. In this work, 300 sets of paddy soil-rice samples were simultaneously collected in 22 towns in a District of Chongqing, and soil pH, soil total and available Cd contents, and brown rice Cd contents were determined. Soil Cd pollution was assessed using the geoaccumulation index, bioconcentration factor, and the single-factor pollution index. Based on the Cd pollution indices of soil and brown rice, safe planting zoning for rice was determined. The results showed that the paddy soils were generally acidic, and total Cd contents ranged from 0.09 mg·kg-1 to 1.60 mg·kg-1, with 35.0% of sites exceeding the risk screening value. The Cd contents of the brown rice ranged from 0.002 mg·kg-1 to 0.808 mg·kg-1 and exceeded the food safety limit in 13.7% of cases. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the Cd content of brown rice was significantly positively correlated with soil total and available Cd (P<0.01). The pollution evaluation indicated that significant Cd accumulation occurred in the paddy soils, with some areas showing light-to-moderate pollution levels. The enrichment coefficients of rice to soil Cd ranged from 0.004 to 1.72. Overall, the paddy soils in the studied area were considered generally safe with respect to Cd pollution, with low-risk areas distributed in the south, west, and east, whereas some medium-high risk areas were detected in eight towns.


Assuntos
Oryza , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/análise , Poluição Ambiental , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
17.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 15(10): e0009865, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34699522

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Trichinellosis is a serious zoonotic disease distributed around the world. It is needed to develop a safe, effective and feasible anti-Trichinella vaccine for prevention and control of trichinellosis. The aim of this study was to construct a recombinant Lactobacillus plantarum encoding Trichinella spiralis inorganic pyrophosphatase (TsPPase) and investigate its immune protective effects against T. spiralis infection. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The growth of recombinant L. plantarum was not affected by TsPPase/pSIP409-pgsA' plasmid, and the recombinant plasmid was inherited stably in bacteria. Western blot and immunofluorescence assay (IFA) indicated that the rTsPPase was expressed on the surface of recombinant L. plantarum. Oral vaccination with rTsPPase induced higher levels of specific serum IgG, IgG1, IgG2a and mucosal secretory IgA (sIgA) in BALB/c mice. ELISA analysis revealed that the levels of IFN-γ and IL-4 released from spleen, mesenteric lymph nodes and Peyer's patches were evidently increased at 2-4 weeks following vaccination, compared to MRS (De Man, Rogosa, Sharpe) medium control group (P < 0.05). Immunization of mice with rTsPPase exhibited a 67.18, 54.78 and 51.91% reduction of intestinal infective larvae, adult worms and muscle larvae at 24 hours post infection (hpi), 6 days post infection (dpi) and 35 dpi, respectively (P < 0.05), and the larval molting and development was significantly inhibited by 45.45% at 24 hpi, compared to the MRS group. CONCLUSIONS: TsPPase plays a crucial role in T. spiralis molting and development, oral vaccination with rTsPPase induced a significant local mucosal sIgA response and systemic Th1/Th2 immune response, and immune protection against T. spiralis infection in BALB/c mice.

18.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34713619

RESUMO

AIMS: To distinguish between constrictive pericarditis (CP) and restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) using cardiac magnetic resonance feature tracking (CMR-FT) left ventricle (LV) diastolic time-strain curve patterns and myocardial strain. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 32 CP patients, 27 RCM patients, and 25 control subjects were examined by CMR-FT and analysed for global strain, segmental strain, and LV time-strain curve patterns in the longitudinal, circumferential, and radial directions. Speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) strain imaging was performed in some cases. The peak global longitudinal strain (GLS) and global circumferential strain (GCS) of the RCM group were lower than those of the CP group. GLS [median (interquartile range) CP vs. RCM: -11.15 (-12.85, -9.35) vs. -6.5 (-8.75, -4.85), P < 0.001] and GCS (CP vs. RCM: -16.89 ± 5.11 vs. -13.37 ± 5.79, P < 0.001). In circumferential and radial directions, the strain ratios of the LV lateral/septal wall (LW/SW) of the CP group were significantly lower than those of the RCM group at the basal and mid segments. The CS ratio of LW/SW at the basal segment [CP vs. RCM: 0.95 (0.85, 1.25) vs. 1.43 (1.18, 1.89), P < 0.001] and mid segment [CP vs. RCM: 1.05 (0.92, 1.15) vs. 1.18 (1.06, 1.49), P = 0.026]. The RS ratio of LW/SW at the basal segment [CP vs. RCM: 0.97 (0.76, 1.37) vs. 1.55 (1.08, 2.31), P = 0.006] and mid segment [CP vs. RCM: 0.95 (0.70, 1.28) vs. 1.79 (1.32, 2.92), P < 0.001]. In the longitudinal and circumferential directions, the characteristic 'plateau' pattern of time-strain curves could be seen in the CP but not in the RCM during the diastole. The GCS ratio of 0-50%/50-75% diastolic period of the CP was higher than that of the RCM [CP vs. RCM: 17.01 (8.67, 23.75) vs. 5.38 (1.93, 11.24), P = 0.001], while the GCS ratio of 50-75%/75-100% diastolic period was lower than that of the RCM [CP vs. RCM: 0.36 (0.15, 1.67) vs. 1.12 (0.70, 5.58), P < 0.001]. The peak GLS (sensitivity, 85%; specificity, 78%) and the GCS ratio of 0-50%/50-75% diastolic period (sensitivity, 88%; specificity, 73%) had higher differential diagnosis value. CONCLUSIONS: The CMR-FT could distinctly differentiate CP from RCM based on LV myocardial strain and LV time-strain curve patterns. The characteristic 'plateau' pattern of the time-strain curve is specific for CP and not RCM and this curve can also be duplicated by STE.

19.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 192: 883-894, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656542

RESUMO

Trichinellosis is a serious food-borne zoonotic parasitic disease with global distribution, causing serious harm to public health and food safety. Molting is prerequisite for intestinal larval development in the life cycle of T. spiralis. Metalloproteinases play an important role in the molting process of T. spiralis intestinal infective larvae (IIL). In this study, the metalloproteinase Tsdpy31 was cloned, expressed and characterized. The results revealed that the Tsdpy31 was expressed at various T. spiralis stages and it was principally located in cuticle, hypodermis and embryos of the nematode. Recombinant Tsdpy31 (rTsdpy31) had the catalytic activity of natural metalloproteinase. Silencing of Tsdpy31 increased the permeability of larval new cuticle. When the mice were orally challenged with dsRNA treated- muscle larvae, the burden of intestinal adult and muscle larvae in Tsdpy31 dsRNA treatment group was significantly reduced, compared with the control green fluorescent protein (GFP) dsRNA and PBS groups (P < 0.05). Tsdpy31 may play a major role in the new cuticle synthesis and old cuticle shedding. Tsdpy31 also participates in T. spiralis embryonic development. We conclude that Tsdpy31 could be a candidate vaccine target molecule against intestinal T. spiralis ecdysis and development.

20.
Molecules ; 26(19)2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641615

RESUMO

Pathogenic E. coli infection is one of the most widespread foodborne diseases, so the development of sensitive, reliable and easy operating detection tests is a key issue for food safety. Identifying bacteria with a fluorescent medium is more sensitive and faster than using chromogenic media. This study designed and synthesized a ß-galactosidase-activatable fluorescent probe BOD-Gal for the sensitive detection of E. coli. It employed a biocompatible and photostable 4,4-difluoro-3a,4a-diaza-s-indancene (BODIPY) as the fluorophore to form a ß-O-glycosidic bond with galactose, allowing the BOD-Gal to show significant on-off fluorescent signals for in vitro and in vivo bacterial detection. This work shows the potential for the use of a BODIPY based enzyme substrate for pathogen detection.


Assuntos
Compostos de Boro/química , Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Galactose/metabolismo , alfa-Galactosidase/metabolismo , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Ativação Enzimática , Escherichia coli/enzimologia , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/química , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Galactose/química , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , alfa-Galactosidase/química
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