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1.
BMC Psychiatry ; 21(1): 460, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34548045

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although studies indicate that social support is related to emotional exhaustion, depression symptoms, and anxiety symptoms, the underlying mechanism between those variables remains unknown. METHODS: Based on a sample of 254 residents in standardized residency training programs, two mediation models were tested in which emotional exhaustion served as a mediator in the relationship between social support and anxiety symptoms/depression symptoms. We used the following self-reported questionnaires as instruments to collect data: zung self-rating depression scale, zung self-rating anxiety scale, social support rating scale, and emotional exhaustion scale. RESULTS: In the final study sample, the mean age of the residents was 25.92 years old (SD =1.88), and a total of 41.3% were male, and 58.7% were female. This current study suggested that social support was proven to be a relevant factor affecting anxiety symptoms and depression symptoms. Particularly, the results also indicated that emotional exhaustion partially mediated the impact of social support on anxiety symptoms and depression symptoms among Chinese residents in the standardized residency training program. CONCLUSIONS: Our study signifies that enhancements in social support and reduction of emotional exhaustion can directly or indirectly affect anxiety symptoms and depression symptoms among Chinese residents in the standardized residency training program. These findings will offer insight for health-sector managers to develop programs aimed at social support and adopt individual-level interventions and organization-level interventions to reduce emotional exhaustion.

2.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e048875, 2021 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493514

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Caregiver contribution (CC) is important for the self-care behaviors of chronic disease individuals, as it could enhance patient outcomes. Therefore, it is necessary to assess this CC by using a good validity and reliability instrument. The Caregiver Contribution to Self-Care Chronic Illness Inventory (CC-SC-CII) was designed to assess CC to self-care behaviors of patients with chronic illness in Italy. However, it was unclear whether this tool had sound psychometrics properties in the context of Chinese culture. Therefore, we performed the cross-cultural adaption of the CC-SC-CII and we tested its psychometric properties among Chinese caregivers of patients with chronic disease. DESIGN: A cross-sectional observational design. SETTINGS: Participants were recruited from communities and institutions in Pingdingshan, Henan Province, China. PARTICIPANTS: 301 caregivers of care recipients with chronic disease completed the Chinese version of the CC-SC-CII (C-CC-SC-CII). PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The content validity index of items (I-CVI), the scale content validity index-average (S-CVI/Ave), exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), internal consistency and item analysis were tested. RESULTS: The range of I-CVI was between 0.833 and 1.00, and the score of S-CVI was 0.991. In CFA, the C-CC to self-care monitoring scale had satisfactory fit indices. However, the C-CC to self-care maintenance and management scales had unsupported fit indices. The reliability coefficients of C-CC-SC-CII were 0.792, 0.880 and 0.870 for its three scales. Item-total correlations were all over 0.590. Test-retest reliability showed that the range of intraclass correlation coefficients was from 0.728 to 0.783. CONCLUSION: The C-CC-SC-CII has sound psychometrics characteristics and is a culturally appropriate and reliable instrument for assessing CC to the self-care behaviours of patients with chronic disease in China.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Autocuidado , China , Doença Crônica , Comparação Transcultural , Estudos Transversais , Análise Fatorial , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(6): 6892-6899, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34154364

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As the last resort in intensive care units, physical restraint reduction is affected by various interventions. Several non-pharmacological interventions may directly reduce physical restraints, such as staff education, or indirectly reduce physical restraint, such as delirium prevention; however, their effectiveness has remained inconclusive. Therefore, we devised a protocol for umbrella reviews to summarize the evidence integrating data of different non-pharmacological interventions that may reduce physical restraint use. METHODS: The umbrella review will be conducted following the methodology formulated by the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI). Electronic databases, including Web of Science, PubMed, EMBASE, PsycInfo, Psyc Articles, Psychology and Behavioral Science Collection, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), JBISRIS (JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports), Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI, for Chinese literature), SinoMed (for Chinese literature), and WANFANG DATA (for Chinese literature), will be searched to identify articles published from January 2016 to December 2020. A systematic review and meta-analysis quality will be critically assessed by AMSTAR 2 (A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews). According to the GRADE (Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation) guidelines, the evidence quality of each intervention will be assessed. Overlapping studies and the excess significance test will be performed to assess whether previous evidences are bias. DISCUSSION: This protocol was devised according to the guidelines of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P). Umbrella reviews will be an excellent supplement to the evidence of the guideline adaptation and provide a broader picture of non-pharmacological interventions that may reduce the use of physical restraint, which can provide critical care nurses in intensive care units with the evidence they need. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This umbrella review protocol was documented in the PROSPERO registry (CRD42021242586).


Assuntos
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Restrição Física , China , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
4.
Nurse Educ Pract ; 51: 102996, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33652192

RESUMO

The shortage of human resources in nursing is a global challenge, and males may play an important role in alleviating this shortage, especially in China. Just as single-sex education has a potentially positive impact on women in male-dominated professions, it may also have the same impact on men in nursing, which may promote male engagement in nursing. This study delved into the experiences and perceptions that are peculiar to male nursing students in a single-sex class. A qualitative, descriptive design was employed using conventional content analysis. A purposive sample of 12 male nursing students in a male-only class of a university in China participated. Individual semi-structured interviews were performed between January and March 2019. Data analysis revealed five themes. Considering the negative peer influence and potential communication barriers of a male-only nursing class, establishing a male nursing student alliance instead of a male-only nursing class may be a better choice. In Asian culture, reconstructing the current social norms of gender is crucial to eliminating prejudice and male dividends and changing the definitions of masculinity, all of which are conducive to the development of male involvement in nursing.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Percepção , Pesquisa Qualitativa
5.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(4): 4889-4896, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33691462

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of physical restraints (PRs) in the prevention of unplanned extubation has been increasingly questioned, and several countries have developed clinical practice guidelines for reducing the use of PRs. However, some countries, including China, have failed to establish their guidelines, and the adaptation of existing guidelines to local circumstances may be an attractive alternative. METHODS: Following the guideline definition of Institute of Medicine, the guideline will be adapted following the CAN-IMPLEMENT©. Guideline scope and clinical questions will be established based on an integrative review, retrospective study, and stakeholder interviews. The guideline's quality will be assessed by the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation II and Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation-Recommendations Excellence. A systematic review and meta-analysis will be evaluated by A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews. The guidelines will meet the criteria of the RIGHT-Ad@pt Checklist. DISCUSSION: This study describes the proposed protocol for adapting clinical practice guidelines on PRs in critically ill patients. We believe the guideline will help health professionals, especially critical care nurses, deliver safe, high-quality patient care by reducing the implementation of PRs in China. GUIDELINE REGISTRATION: The guideline has been registered at the International Practice Guidelines Registry Platform (http://www.guidelinesregistry.org/). The registration number is IPGRP-2019CN094, registration date 27-Dec-2019.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal , Restrição Física , China , Cuidados Críticos , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
6.
Health Soc Care Community ; 29(2): 445-452, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667104

RESUMO

Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at risk of contracting the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Previous studies have documented low uptake of sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevention and health services among Chinese MSM. We carried out qualitative research among MSM in Southwest China. By taking the Health Brief Model (HBM) as a framework, we aimed to determine the underlying factors related to use of HCV health intervention services among MSM. From May to July 2018, we conducted in-depth interviews in Southwest China with 20 participants. Our research revealed that a lack of knowledge about HCV prevention was the main reason why MSM failed to perceive their susceptibility to HCV and had low motivation to seek preventive services. Poor service accessibility and unpleasant experiences seeing doctors also exerted negative influences on health care-seeking behaviour in MSM. More trust and understanding needs to be built between health providers and MSM. Protection of privacy for MSM should be guaranteed in the delivery of health interventions. In addition, the interviewees showed refusal to engage with health interventions being specifically targeted at MSM, which would create a sense of being 'labelled'. Tailored health interventions may overemphasise their sexuality, segregate them from heterosexuals, and make them feel alienated. Therefore, we speculate that differential treatment may be an obstacle for MSM to become involved in health interventions.

7.
World J Emerg Med ; 11(4): 231-237, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33014219

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Consenting to do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders is an important and complex medical decision-making process in the treatment of patients at the end-of-life in emergency departments (EDs). The DNR decision in EDs has not been extensively studied, especially in the Chinese mainland. METHODS: This retrospective chart study of all deceased patients in the ED of a university hospital was conducted from January 2017 to December 2019. The patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest were excluded. RESULTS: There were 214 patients' deaths in the ED in the three years. Among them, 132 patients were included in this study, whereas 82 with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest were excluded. There were 99 (75.0%) patients' deaths after a DNR order medical decision, 64 (64.6%) patients signed the orders within 24 hours of the ED admission, 68 (68.7%) patients died within 24 hours after signing it, and 97 (98.0%) patients had DNR signed by the family surrogates. Multivariate analysis showed that four independent factors influenced the family surrogates' decisions to sign the DNR orders: lack of referral (odds ratio [OR] 0.157, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.047-0.529, P=0.003), ED length of stay (ED LOS) ≥72 hours (OR 5.889, 95% CI 1.290-26.885, P=0.022), acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (OR 0.017, 95% CI 0.001-0.279, P=0.004), and tracheal intubation (OR 0.028, 95% CI 0.007-0.120, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In the Chinese mainland, the proportion of patients consenting for DNR order is lower than that of developed countries. The decision to sign DNR orders is mainly affected by referral, ED LOS, AMI, and trachea intubation.

8.
J Contin Educ Nurs ; 50(3): 121-126, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30835322

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This multicenter cross-sectional study sought to determine the knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding the use of physical restraints by Chinese nurses in intensive care units (ICUs) of tertiary hospitals. METHOD: A scale technique was used to measure the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of 383 RNs from eight tertiary hospitals in Chongqing, China. RESULTS: A total of 383 valid questionnaires were returned, for a response rate of 89.49%. Approximately 8.1% of the nurses were male, 67.1% had a bachelor's degree or above, and 55.09% were ICU specialists. The average age was 28.62 years (SD = 4.56). The mean scores were 74.33 of 111 (SD = 9.552), 24.41 of 40 (SD = 4.872), and 65.66 of 130 (SD = 20.880) regarding knowledge, attitudes, and nursing practices, respectively. For the attitude scale, the scores of nurses who were certified ICU specialists and had extensive working experience were higher than those with less experience; the difference was statistically significant (p < .05). CONCLUSION: Results indicated that nurses employed in the ICUs of tertiary hospitals in Chongqing, China, have relatively insufficient knowledge, comparatively incorrect attitudes, and unreasonable means of practicing physical restraint. Continuing education should focus strongly on the relationship between physical restraint and unplanned extubation, and guidelines on physical restraint urgently need to be developed. [J Contin Educ Nurs. 2019;50(3):121-126.].


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Enfermagem de Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Restrição Física/psicologia , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Centros de Atenção Terciária
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