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1.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488275

RESUMO

Porcelain tooth technology is widely used in the treatment of oral diseases, but there are few reports on the possible occupational hazard factors in the process of porcelain tooth production. Porcelain teeth production will produced a large amount of silica dust and metal dust during the grinding process. The technical workers who have been engaged in this work for a long time are very prone to pneumoconiosis due to their poor personal protection awareness. This paper analyzed the clinical data of a pneumoconiosis patient engaged in porcelain tooth making, and analyzed the possible occupational hazard factors in the process of porcelain teeth production, so as to improve the understanding of relevant enterprises, technical workers and medical personnel on the disease and reduce the risk of porcelain teeth production workers suffering from pneumoconiosis.


Assuntos
Exposição Ocupacional , Pneumoconiose , Porcelana Dentária , Poeira , Humanos , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Pneumoconiose/complicações
2.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(8): 691-697, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34412186

RESUMO

Objective: Traditional Kamikawa anastomosis in digestive tract reconstruction after proximal gastrectomy can greatly decrease the anastomosis-related complications and reduce the incidence of reflux esophagitis, but its complexity limits the wide application. To decrease the complexity of Kamikawa anastomosis, the surgical team of Changzhi People's Hospital of Shanxi Changzhi Medical College improved this technique by using novel notion and reduced surgical procedures. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of modified Kamikawa anastomosis in digestive tract reconstruction after proximal gastrectomy. Methods: A descriptive cohort study was carried out. Case enrollment criteria: (1) upper gastric carcinoma or esophagogastric junction carcinoma without distant metastasis was confirmed by preoperative gastroscopic biopsy and imaging examination; (2) tumor diameter was less than 4 cm; (3) preoperative clinical staging was cT1-3N1M0. Exclusion criteria: (1) patients received preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy; (2) patients had severe heart or lung disease, or poor nutritional status so that they could not tolerate surgery. Clinical data of 25 patients with upper gastric carcinoma or esophagogastric junction carcinoma who underwent modified Kamikawa anastomosis in digestive tract reconstruction in Heji Hospital (8 cases) and Changzhi People's Hospital (17 cases) from April 2019 to December 2020 were retrospectively collected. Of 25 patients, 21 were male and 4 were female, with mean age of 63.0 (49 to 78) years; 3 underwent open surgery and 22 underwent laparoscopic surgery. The modified Kamikawa anastomosis was as follows: (1) the novel notion of total mesangial resection of the esophagogastric junction was applied to facilitate the thorough removal of lymph nodes and facilitate hand-sewn anastomosis and embedding; (2) the diameter of the anastomotic stoma was selected according to the diameter of the esophageal stump, between 2.5 and 3.5 cm, to reduce the occurrence of anastomotic stenosis; (3) an ultrasonic scalpel was used to incise the esophageal stump, which could not only prevent bleeding of the esophageal stump, but also closely seal the esophageal mucosa, muscle layer and serosa to prevent esophageal mucosa retraction; (4) barbed suture was used to suture the remnant stomach fundus and esophagus to fix the stomach fundus in order to reduce the cumbersome and difficult intermittent sutures in a small space; (5) two barbed sutures were used to continuously suture the front and back walls of the anastomosis and complete the suture and fixation of the muscle flap. Relevant indicators of surgical safety, postoperative complications (using the Clavien-Dindo classification), esophageal reflux symptoms and the occurrence of esophagitis (using Los Angeles classification) were analyzed. The gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) score, gastroscopy, multi-position digestive tract radiography during postoperative follow-up were used to evaluate the residual gastric motility and anti-reflux efficacy. Results: Modified Kamikawa anastomosis in digestive tract reconstruction after proximal gastrectomy was successfully performed in 25 patients. The surgical time was (5.8±1.8) hours, the intraoperative blood loss was (89.2±11.8) ml, and the average hospital stay was (13.8±2.9) days. Three cases (12.0%) developed postoperative anastomotic stenosis as Clavien-Dindo grade III and were healed after endoscopic dilation treatment. Postoperative upper gastrointestinal radiography showed 1 case (4.0%) with reflux symptoms as Clavien-Dindo grade I. Gastroscopy showed no signs of reflux esophagitis, and its Los Angeles classification was A grade. No anastomotic bleeding, local infection and death were found in all the patients. At postoperative 6-month of follow-up, GERD score showed no significant difference compared to pre-operation (2.7±0.6 vs. 2.4±1.0, t=-1.495, P=0.148). Conclusion: Modified Kamikawa anastomosis in digestive tract reconstruction after proximal gastrectomy is safe and feasible with good anti-reflux efficacy.


Assuntos
Junção Esofagogástrica , Gastrectomia , Idoso , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Estudos de Coortes , Junção Esofagogástrica/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(5): 463-466, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34000779

RESUMO

The quality control and standardization of procedures in radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer, especially the standardized processing of specimens after radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer, is very important. It is not only the basis of accurate pathological staging, but also the evidence of surgical quality and the original data of clinical research, which plays a pivotal role. The examination and classification of lymph nodes, specimens processing records, and data uploading and archiving after radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer are indispensable. It is necessary for surgeons to participate in the processing of surgical specimens. This article will combine the current research status and progress at home and abroad to review the standardized processing of specimens after radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Metástase Linfática , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
4.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(12): 2034-2039, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378813

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of imported COVID-19 cases in early phase in Shanghai, introduce measures and provide reference for prevention and control of imported COVID-19 cases. Methods: Data of imported COVID-19 cases in Shanghai reported as of 30 March, 2020 were obtained from National Notifiable Disease Report System of China CDC and field epidemiological investigation reports by CDCs in Shanghai. The information about measures of prevention and control was collected from official websites and platforms of the governments. Data cleaning and statistical analysis were performed with softwares of EpiData 3.1, Excel 2019 and SAS 9.4. Results: A total of 171 imported COVID-19 cases had been reported as of 30 March, 2020 in Shanghai, including 170 confirmed cases and 1 asymptomatic infection case. Among them, cases of Chinese nationality accounted for 71.3% (122/171) and cases of foreign nationality accounted for 28.7% (49/171). The median age of the cases was 23 years (P(25), P(75): 18, 35 years), and the male to female ratio of the cases was 1.3∶1. Students accounted for 56.6% (97/171). About 45.6% (78/171) of the cases fell ill before arriving in Shanghai. The cases with mild or common clinical manifestation accounted for 96.5% (165/171) and no significant difference in clinical type was observed between overseas Chinese cases and foreign cases. The epidemic curve by diagnosis date reached peak on March 24, and the number of the cases gradually declined due to the closed-loop management process of joint port prevention and control mechanism. The 171 imported COVID-19 cases were mainly from 24 countries and regions, including the United Kingdom (64 cases, 37.3%), the United States (32 cases, 18.6%), France (19 cases, 11.0%) and Italy (16 cases, 9.4%). About 40.4% of the cases (69/171) planned to continue travelling to 21 other provinces and municipalities in China. Customs quarantine and community observation/detection points identified 43.9% (75/171) cases and 31.0% (53/171) cases, respectively. Conclusions: The imported COVID-19 cases in early phase in Shanghai were mainly young population and students accounted for high proportion. The imported risk of COVID-19 was consistent with the severity of the epidemic in foreign countries. The closed-loop management model of the joint port prevention and control mechanism plays an important role in the identification and management of the imported COVID-19 cases.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Viagem , Adulto Jovem
5.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(11): 1043-1050, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33212552

RESUMO

Objective: Surgical site infection (SSI) is the most common infectious complication after emergency abdominal surgery (EAS). To a large extent, most SSI can be prevented, but there are few relevant studies in China. This study mainly investigated the current situation of SSI occurrence after EAS in China, and further explored risk factors for SSI occurrence. Methods: Multi-center cross-sectional study was conducted. Clinical data of patients undergoing EAS in 33 hospitals across China between May 1, 2019 and June 7, 2019 were prospectively collected, including perioperative data and microbial culture results from infected incisions. The primary outcome was the incidence of SSI after EAS, while the secondary outcomes were postoperative hospital stay, ICU occupancy rate, length of ICU stay, hospitalization cost, and mortality within postoperative 30 days. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the risk factors of SSI after EAS. Results: A total of 660 EAS patients aged (47.9±18.3) years were enrolled in this study, including 56.5% of males (373/660). Forty-nine (7.4%) patients developed postoperative SSI. The main pathogen of SSI was Escherichia coli [culture positive rate was 32.7% (16/49)]. As compared to patients without SSI, those with SSI were more likely to be older (median 56 years vs. 46 years, U=19 973.5, P<0.001), male [71.4% (35/49) vs. 56.1% (343/611), χ(2)=4.334, P=0.037] and diabetes [14.3% (7/49) vs. 5.1% (31/611), χ(2)=5.498, P=0.015]; with-lower preoperative hemoglobin (median: 122.0 g/L vs. 143.5 g/L, U=11 471.5, P=0.006) and albumin (median: 35.5 g/L vs. 40.8 g/L, U=9452.0, P<0.001), with higher blood glucose (median: 6.9 mmol/L vs. 6.0 mmol/L, U=17 754.5, P<0.001); with intestinal obstruction [32.7% (16/49) vs. 9.2% (56/611), χ(2)=25.749, P<0.001], with ASA score 3-4 [42.9% (21/49) vs. 13.9% (85/611), χ(2)=25.563, P<0.001] and with high surgical risk [49.0% (24/49) vs. 7.0% (43/611), χ(2)=105.301, P<0.001]. The main operative procedure resulting in SSI was laparotomy [81.6%(40/49) vs. 35.7%(218/611), χ(2)=40.232, P<0.001]. Patients with SSI experienced significantly longer operation time (median: 150 minutes vs. 75 minutes, U=25 183.5, P<0.001). In terms of clinical outcome, higher ICU occupancy rate [51.0% (25/49) vs. 19.5% (119/611), χ(2)=26.461, P<0.001], more hospitalization costs (median: 44 000 yuan vs. 15 000 yuan, U=24 660.0, P<0.001), longer postoperative hospital stay (median: 10 days vs. 5 days, U=23 100.0, P<0.001) and longer ICU occupancy time (median: 0 days vs. 0 days, U=19 541.5, P<0.001) were found in the SSI group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the elderly (OR=3.253, 95% CI: 1.178-8.985, P=0.023), colorectal surgery (OR=9.156, 95% CI: 3.655-22.937, P<0.001) and longer operation time (OR=15.912, 95% CI:6.858-36.916, P<0.001) were independent risk factors of SSI, while the laparoscopic surgery (OR=0.288, 95% CI: 0.119-0.694, P=0.006) was an independent protective factor for SSI. Conclusions: For patients undergoing EAS, attention should be paid to middle-aged and elderly patients and those of colorectal surgery. Laparoscopic surgery should be adopted when feasible and the operation time should be minimized, so as to reduce the incidence of SSI and to reduce the burden on patients and medical institutions.


Assuntos
Abdome , Laparotomia/efeitos adversos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica , Abdome/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Emergências , Feminino , Humanos , Laparotomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia
6.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(9): 1518-1521, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076610

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the effectiveness and immunogenicity of enterovirus-A71(EV-A71) vaccine in immunization program. Methods: A cohort study was conducted in immunization clinics in Jing'an district in Shanghai from October to December 2017. Children who received EV-A71 vaccine based on a 2-dose schedule (on day 0 and day 30) were enrolled as vaccine group and those who received no EV-A71 vaccine were enrolled as control group. After 1-year follow-up, the effectiveness and neutralizing antibody level and the positive results of antibody immunogenicity in vaccine group were analyzed. Results: A total of 3 018 children aged 8-20 months were enrolled, in whom 1 211 were in vaccine group and 1 807 were in control group. The vaccine effectiveness was 100% against EV-A71-associated hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) indicated by 1 year follow-up (95%CI: -66.99%-100.00%). The geometric mean titer of neutralizing antibody (GMT) was 41.76 (95%CI: 35.60-49.34) at day 60 and 28.44(95%CI: 23.59-34.54) at day 365 in 124 children in vaccine group. Conclusions: In children, EV-A71 vaccine elicited EV-A71-specific immune response. Less EV-A71-associated HFMD cases have been observed, further observation is needed.


Assuntos
Enterovirus , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca , Vacinas Virais , China , Estudos de Coortes , Enterovirus/imunologia , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , Lactente , Vigilância de Produtos Comercializados , Vacinas Virais/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Virais/imunologia
7.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036533

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate and understand the general situation and quality of life of migrant workers with pneumoconiosis, and analyze the influencing factors, so as to provide scientific basis for effective countermeasures to improve the quality of life of migrant workers with pneumoconiosis. Methods: In June 2019, 79 cases of migrant workers' pneumoconiosis diagnosed by Shandong Occupational Disease Hospital from March 2017 to August 2018 were selected as the study object by cluster random sampling method. Questionnaires and on-site visits were used to investigate the quality of life and its influencing factors. The questionnaire was administered by self-designed questionnaire and WHO quality of life questionnaire. Results: The farmer's pneumoconiosis patients are generally lower in culture. High school or above is only 6.33% (5/79) . Their economic income is low. The monthly income of less than 1000 RMB is 49.37% (39/79) . The disease was heavy and pneumoconiosis was 58.23% (46/79) . Pneumoconiosis patients without systematic treatment accounted for 69.62% (55/79) . Only 11.39% of rural workers with pneumoconiosis can timely increase or decrease clothing and wear masks to avoid respiratory irritation. Pneumoconiosis patients who smoked accounted for 77.22% (61/79) . The quality of life of the pneumoconiosis patients in the physiological, psychological, social and environmental fields were (10.40±2.31) , (11.40±2.82) , (11.46±3.03) and (8.38±3.37) respectively. The influencing factors of quality of life were pneumoconiosis stage, education level, economic income and smoking (P< 0.05) . Conclusion: The quality of life of migrant workers with pneumoconiosis is generally low. The main factors that affect the quality of life of patients are disease severity (pneumoconiosis stage) , education level, economic income and smoking.


Assuntos
Doenças Profissionais , Pneumoconiose , Migrantes , China , Humanos , Pneumoconiose/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(9): 723-728, 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988153

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the correlation of endothelial microparticles and progression of advanced lung cancer, and its predictive value in therapeutic effect. Methods: The data of patients with advanced lung cancer in the Oncology Department of Frist Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from October 2018 to May 2019 were collected. Blood routine, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), tumor markers, and circulating endothelial microparticles (CD105+ EMPs) were measured before treatment. Flow cytometry was used to detect the number of CD105+ EMPs, and multivariate regression analysis was used to study the predict factors of advanced lung cancer progression. Results: A total of 88 patients were recruited in the study, including 60 in the objective response (OR) group and 28 in the disease progression (PD) group. There were no significant differences in gender, age, basic diseases, tumor stage, cancer type and therapeutic intervention between two groups, while there were significant differences in tumor marker, LDH, total microparticles (MPs), and endothelial microparticles (CD105+ EMPs) between two groups (P<0.05). In the multivariate regression analysis, CD105+ EMPs ≥70 events/µl (OR=3.623, 95%CI=1.345~9.761, P=0.011) and LDH (OR=1.008, 95%CI=1.001~1.015, P=0.032) were able to predict the progression of advanced lung cancer. A predictive model of advanced lung cancer progression was established based on the multivariate regression results. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was 0.729 (95%CI=0.620~0.837, P=0.001), the sensitivity was 32.1%, the specificity was 91.6%, the positive predictive value was 64.2%, and the negative predictive value was 74.3%. Conclusion: Circulating endothelial microparticles are associated with the progression of advanced lung cancer, it combined with LDH can predict the therapeutic effect of advanced lung cancer.


Assuntos
Micropartículas Derivadas de Células , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Prognóstico , Curva ROC
9.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 41(13): 3655-3666, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32488929

RESUMO

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a disorder involving dysfunctional brain-gut interactions characterized by chronic recurrent abdominal pain, altered bowel habits, and negative emotion. Previous studies have linked the habenula to the pathophysiology of negative emotion and pain. However, no studies to date have investigated habenular function in IBS patients. In this study, we investigated the resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) and effective connectivity of the habenula in 34 subjects with IBS and 34 healthy controls and assessed the feasibility of differentiating IBS patients from healthy controls using a machine learning method. Our results showed significantly enhanced rsFC of the habenula-left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) and habenula-periaqueductal grey (PAG, dorsomedial part), as well as decreased rsFC of the habenula-right thalamus (dorsolateral part), in the IBS patients compared with the healthy controls. Habenula-thalamus rsFC was positively correlated with pain intensity (r = .467, p = .005). Dynamic causal modeling (DCM) revealed significantly decreased effective connectivity from the right habenula to the right thalamus in the IBS patients compared to the healthy controls that was negatively correlated with disease duration (r = -.407, p = .017). In addition, IBS was classified with an accuracy of 71.5% based on the rsFC of the habenula-dlPFC, habenula-thalamus, and habenula-PAG in a support vector machine (SVM), which was further validated in an independent cohort of subjects (N = 44, accuracy = 65.2%, p = .026). Taken together, these findings establish altered habenular rsFC and effective connectivity in IBS, which extends our mechanistic understanding of the habenula's role in IBS.

10.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 28(5): 403-409, 2020 May 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32536056

RESUMO

Objective: To clarify the clinical efficacy of Yiqi Huoxue recipe in the treatment of liver fibrosis of chronic viral hepatitis. Methods: An open, positive-drug, parallel-controlled study method was applied. A total of 207 cases of liver fibrosis with chronic hepatitis B and C diagnosed with liver biopsy and transient elastography were selected. According to the principle of syndrome differentiation in traditional Chinese medicine, self-made Yiqi Huoxue recipe (n = 127) and Fuzheng Huayu capsule (n = 80) were used for the treatment course of 24-48 weeks. Change score of TCM symptom, liver biochemistry, liver stiffness measurement (LSM), and noninvasive liver fibrosis index [aspartate transaminase to platelet ratio index (APRI), and fibrosis-4 score (FIB-4)] were compared between the two groups to evaluate the therapeutic effect of Yiqi Huoxue recipe on liver fibrosis. Results: Yiqi Huoxue recipe group and Fuzheng Huayu capsule group baseline LSM, APRI and FIB-4 was compared, and there was no statistically significant difference between them (P > 0.05). Yiqi Huoxue recipe and Fuzheng Huayu capsule received patients had improved symptom scores to a certain extent. Hepatic facies, discomfort over liver area, and soreness and weakness of waist and knees (P < 0.05) was significantly improved in Yiqi Huoxue recipe than Fuzheng Huayu capsule. Liver biochemical indicators (ALT, AST, GGT, ALP) had gradually relapsed with the extension of treatment duration and the normalization rate between the two groups after 24 to 48 weeks had reached 100% vs. 100%, 100% vs. 93.8%, 96.8% vs. 92.3% and 87.5% vs. 81.8%. After 12 weeks of treatment, APRI values ​​of both groups had significantly reduced, and after 48 weeks of treatment, LSM values of both groups had significantly improved. Moreover, Yiqi Huoxue recipe FIB-4 score was significantly improved after 48 weeks of treatment, and the difference was statistically significant compared to Fuzheng Huayu capsule group (P < 0.05). After treatment, LSM, APRI, and FIB-4 total effectiveness in the two groups were 80.0% vs. 63.6%, P = 0.046; 68.4% vs. 52.0%, P = 0.052; 68.4% vs. 62.0%, P = 0.437, respectively. LSM total effectiveness was significantly higher in Yiqi Huoxue recipe treated group than Fuzheng Huayu capsule group. Conclusion: Traditional Chinese medicine Yiqi Huoxue decoction can be used as an optimal treatment for liver fibrosis of chronic viral hepatitis.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Hepatite B Crônica , Cirrose Hepática , Aspartato Aminotransferases , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite B Crônica/patologia , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074745

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the outcomes of partial cricotracheal resection (CTR) and extended cricotracheal resection (ECTR) for severe laryngotracheal stenosis. Methods: From November 2009 to September 2017, 18 patients underwent CTR and ECTR at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Tangdu Hospital, Air Force Medical University for severe laryngotracheal stenosis were reviewed retrospectively. There were 12-male and 6-female patients, with the age ranged from 4 to 56 years (median 25 years). The causes were postintubation in 11 cases, cervical trauma in 4, idiopathic in 3. The stenosis located in subglottic and tracheal (n=12), glottic and subglottic and tracheal (n=3), subglottic (n=2), and glottic and subglottic (n=1). Two patients had concurrent unilateral vocal cord palsy.One patient had undergone previous endoscopic balloon dilation and 8 patients had previous laryngotracheal reconstruction. The stenosis was graded according to modified Myer-Cotton classification as follows: Ⅲb (n=1), Ⅲc(n=1), Ⅳa (n=2), Ⅳb (n=12), Ⅳc (n=2). The surgical outcomes and complications were recorded. Results: Among 18 patients,11 of the 12 patients undergoing CTR were decannulated. Five of the 6 patients undergoing ECTR were decannulated. Resected airway length ranged from 1.5 to 4.0 cm (median 2.8 cm). Surgical complications included infection of incision wound in 2 cases, anastomotic granulation in 2, cervical subcutaneous emphysema in 1, aspiration in 1, and unilateral arytenoid prolapse in 1. No recurrent laryngeal nerve injury or tracheoesophageal fistula occurred. The median follow up was 11 months. Conclusions: CTR is efficient for severe subglottic and upper tracheal stenosis while ECTR is efficient for subglottic stenosis extended to the glottis. Both procedures also provide a salvage therapy for patients with previous failed treatments.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Cricoide/cirurgia , Laringoestenose/cirurgia , Estenose Traqueal/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Constrição Patológica/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Traqueia/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
12.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 54(11): 826-829, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795543

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the application value of thyroid alar cartilage(TAC) in the laryngotracheal reconstruction of subglotticstenosis in the paediatric population. Methods: Twelve patients(7 males,5 females; range from 2.3 to 12.0 years) with subglotticstenosis who had undergone laryngotracheal reconstruction procedures at our hospital fromSeptember 2016 to July 2018 were analyzed retrospectively.The degree of stenosis was classified according to Myer-Cotton classification system:grade Ⅱ(n=4),grade Ⅲ(n=6) and grade Ⅳ(n=2). The stenosis planes were subglotticbut did not exceed the 3rd tracheal cartilage ring. Results: Of all 12 patients, 11 were decannulated and 1 failed. All patients with grade Ⅱ and Ⅲ patients were decannulated at one procedure. There were no severe complications such as tube dislogement,asphyxia and unhealed wound. Conclusions: The TAC for widening laryngotracheal lumen is relatively simple and reliable for laryngotracheal reconstruction in the pediatric population with subglottic stenosis. This would't cause any structural damage to the laryngeal cavity.


Assuntos
Cartilagens Laríngeas/transplante , Laringoestenose/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Constrição Patológica/classificação , Constrição Patológica/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Laringoestenose/classificação , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(11): 1461-1469, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838822

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the survival rate and its prognostic factors for patients with biliary tract cancer, and then a prognostic risk prediction model was constructed to predict the survival probability of patients. Methods: A total of 14 005 patients with biliary tract cancer (including gallbladder cancer, extrahepatic bile duct cancer, and ampulla of Vater cancer), who were diagnosed between 2010 and 2015 in the US National Cancer Institute Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER) were included in the development cohort. The prognostic risk factors of biliary tract cancer were investigated using multivariate Cox regression models. The predictive nomograms were then constructed to predict the overall survival probability of 1, 3, and 5 years, and the predictive discrimination and calibration ability of the nomograms were further evaluated. Meanwhile, 11 953 patients who were diagnosed during 2004 to 2009 from SEER Program were then selected to validate the external predictive accuracy of the prediction models. Results: The 1, 3 and 5-year cumulative survival rates of patients with biliary tract cancer were 41.9%, 20.4% and 15.3%, respectively, in the development cohort. Age greater than 50 years, African Americans and Native Americans and Alaska Natives, higher T, N and M stage and poor histological differentiation grade were risk factors for death, while married status, Asia-Pacific Islanders, insured status and surgery on primary site were protective factors. Gender was not significantly associated with the overall survival. The C statistic of the prediction model was 0.73 (95%CI: 0.72-0.74), and the calibration curve showed that the interaction curves of predictive and actual survival rates of 1, 3 and 5 years were close to the 45 degree diagonal. Results in the validation cohort were similar with those in the construction cohort, with a C statistic of 0.70 (95%CI: 0.69-0.72), indicating high external applicability of the prediction model. Findings from gallbladder cancer, extrahepatic bile duct cancer, and ampulla of Vater cancer are in consistent with the overall biliary tract cancer. Conclusions: The survival rate of patients with biliary tract cancer is relatively poor, and the survival prediction model based on prognostic factors has high prediction accuracy. In the future, this prognostic prediction model could be applied to clinical practice to guide individualized treatment for patients with biliary tract cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Sistema Biliar/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/diagnóstico , Nomogramas , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Sistema Biliar/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Sistema Biliar/terapia , Grupos de Populações Continentais/estatística & dados numéricos , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Grupos Étnicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Programa de SEER , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594117

RESUMO

Objective: To study the causes and influencing factors of no seeking medical treatment among pneumoconiosis patients. Methods: Using stratified sampling method and typical survey method, we carried out the questionnaire survey in nine provinces in China including the east, the medium and the western region using a questionnaire on the seeking medical behavior pf pneumoconiosis patients and the influencing factors. The subjects include occupational pneumoconiosis cases and clinically diagnosed cases and the response rate is 94.3 percent. The data was entered twice with epidate3.1 and error detection and statistical analysis was completed with SPSS 20.0. Chi-square test was used for univariate analysis, and multivariate logistic regression was used for multivariate analysis. Results: One thousand and thirty-seven subjects were investigated with average age 55.9±11.2 years. Seventy percent of them were silicosis and 21.9 percent were coal worker's pneumoconiosis with 67.5 percent of them residing permanently in the countryside, and 37.9 percent of their education background were primary school culture and 33.1 percent of them had junior high school culture. Thirty two point six percent of respondents had no personal income with a median monthly income of 1 200 yuan. Four hundred and thirty four of subjects hadn't seek medical treatment since they got the pneumoconiosis accounting for 41.9 percent with three hundred and thirty seven of them hospitalized directly. The reasons of no seeking medical treatment for the respondents mainly include the self-induction symptoms lighter, the high cost of treatment and cannot claiming the payment of the medical expenses, buying drugs in drugstore, thinking that no medicine can cure pneumoconiosis or no effect, complex procedures, too far away from medical institutions, no unaccompanied, needing a long time or no time, communication disorders, etc. accounting for 44.4 percent, 24.6 percent, 10.9 percent, 9.1 percent, 6.9 percent, 4.4percent, 3.2 percent, 2.9 percent, 1.9 percent, 1.5 percent, respectively. The results of multivariate analysis showed the main characteristics of subjects with restrictions to the outpatient health service utilization are as follows: demographic sociological indicators such as registered permanent residence area is western (OR(western)=2.18, 95%CI:1.38-3.43) , more than seventy five years old (OR(over 75)=6.82, 95%CI:2.04-22.9) , unemployment, temporary or permanent employment (OR (unemployment)=1.90, 95%CI:1.17-3.08; OR(temporary employment)=3.11, 95%CI:1.57-6.14; OR(permanent employment)=2.10, 95%CI:1.18-3.74) , self-rated health score of 50 or above (OR(self-rated-70)=2.04, 95%CI:1.18-3.51; OR(self-rated-90)=3.00, 95%CI:1.97-5.37; OR(self-rated 90)=2.95, 95%CI:1.74-8.07) ; with increase to the outpatient health service utilization are breath with difficulty (OR=0.57, 95%CI:0.41-0.78) , emphysema (OR=0.48, 95%CI:0.26-0.90) , hospitalized with pneumo-coniosis (OR=0.12, 95%CI:0.07-0.20) . Conclusion: Pneumoconiosis patients no covered by injury insurance should be orderly included in the basic medical security system, and be given the medical treatment actively; It should be strengthened the health management for the pneumoconiosis patients and correctly guided the utilization of medical services.


Assuntos
Renda , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Pneumoconiose , Adulto , Idoso , China , Emprego , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594131

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the situation where pneumoconiosis patients who should be in hospital are not hospitalized, to analyze the main reasons and influencing factors for their restricted use of hospitalization medical services, and to provide a reference for relevant policy making. Methods: Subjects were sampled in nine provinces, including Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Shandong, and Hebei, using a method that combined stratified sampling and typical sampling, from March 2017 to January 2018. These subjects were patients occupationally diagnosed with pneumoconiosis and patients clinically diagnosed with pneumoconiosis. The questionnaire The health seeking behaviors of pneumoconiosis patients and their influencing factors was used as the survey tool to investigate their health seeking behaviors such as going to the outpatient clinic and being hospitalized. Andersen's Behavioral Model of Health Services Use was used as the analysis model; The χ2 test was used for univariate analysis, and the multivariate logistic regression model was used for multivariate analysis. Results: A total of 1 037 patients with pneumoconiosis were surveyed, with a mean age of 55.9±11.2 years and 67.5% (700/1 037) living in rural areas for a long time. Occupational injury insurance and medical insurance for urban and rural residents were the main insurances used, accounting for 40.9% (424/1 037) and 59.4% (616/1 037) of the cases, respectively. A total of 177 (17.1%) patients were once advised by the doctors to be hospitalized because of pneumoconiosis, while they did not. The proportion of patients who should be in hospital but did not do so among rural patients was significantly higher than that in urban patients (20.1% (141/700) vs 10.7% (36/337) , P<0.05) . Financial difficulties (12.0%, 124/1 037) and self-rated mild symptoms (3.2%, 33/1 037) were the main reasons for not being hospitalized. Model analysis showed that the propensity factor, ability factor, health needs, health seeking behaviors, and self-rated health factor in the Anderson model were all statistically significant (P<0.05) . The main features of high proportion of patients who should be in hospital but did not do so were as follows: personal monthly income below 1 000 RMB (odds ratio[OR]of no income=2.92, 95% confidence interval[CI]: 1.14-7.48; OR of less than 1 000 RMB=3.55, 95%CI: 1.35-9.35) , no occupational injury insurance (OR=2.05, 95%CI: 1.16-3.43) , and concurrent emphysema (OR= 1.98, 95%CI: 1.12-3.50) . Conclusion: Low income, no occupational injury insurance, and concurrent emphy-sema are the main constraining factors for hospitalization services use in pneumoconiosis patients.


Assuntos
Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumoconiose , Adulto , Idoso , China , Enfisema/complicações , Humanos , Renda , Seguro Saúde , Modelos Logísticos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , População Rural , Inquéritos e Questionários , População Urbana
16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594135

RESUMO

Objective: To determine the diagnosis value and therapy significance of peripheral blood N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels in pneumoconiosis patients with chronic pulmonary heart disease (CPHD) . Methods: A total of 22 pneumoconiosis complicated with CPHD (A group) , 20 pneumoconiosis complicated with coronary heart disease (B group) and 25 pneumoconiosis without heart disease (C group) were selected. The level of blood NT-proBNP was examined and analyzed in the three groups. We observed the difference blood level of NT-proBNP concentration between before and after of therapy in pneumoconiosis patients with CPHD. The optimal cutoff value of blood NT-proBNP was determined according to the principle of maximum Youden's index associated with clinical analysis. Results: Blood NT-proBNP concentrations were 543.19±78.92, 1017.38±731.06, 109.56±57.46 pg/ml in three groups, respectively. Compared with C group, there was a significant increase in the blood levels of NT-proBNP in both A and B groups (P<0.05, P<0.01) , especially for B group. Compared with NT-proBNP 543.19±78.92 pg/ml before therapy, the153.34±58.40 pg/ml was significantly declined after therapy in B group (P<0.05) . The optional threshold for peripheral blood NT-proBNP level as a diagnostic indicator for pneumoconiosis complicated with CPHD was 450 pg/ml. The specificity and sensitivity of NT-proBNP were 95.46% and 54.17%, respectively. Conclusion: Blood NT-proBNP level may be useful as a tool for monitoring the effect of pneumoconiosis patients with CPHD treatment with higher sensitivity in. Blood NT-proBNP cut-off >450 pg/ml should be applied in clinical practice as a valuable diagnostic prediction for pneumoconiosis patients with CPHD.


Assuntos
Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Pneumoconiose/sangue , Doença Cardiopulmonar/sangue , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Pneumoconiose/complicações , Doença Cardiopulmonar/complicações
17.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(10): 932-936, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630489

RESUMO

In recent years, the incidence of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG) keeps increasing. Siewert type II and type III AEG invades at 2-4 cm in the lower esophagus, and it has a higher rate of lower mediastinal lymph node metastasis. Lower mediastinal lymph node clearing through the abdomino-transhiatal (TH) approach is preferred, which can be accomplished by entering the lower mediastinum through the hiatus and mobilize the esophagus upward and the surrounding lymph and connective tissue for approximately 6.5 cm. Using the infracardiac bursa (IBC) as an anatomical landmark improves the safety and operability of the thorough dissection of the lower mediastinum. Total resection of the mesenterium at the esophagogastric junction can entirely dissect the lower mediastinal lymph nodes, which conforms to the safety principles in oncology.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Junção Esofagogástrica/cirurgia , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Mesentério/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Junção Esofagogástrica/patologia , Humanos , Mediastino/patologia , Mediastino/cirurgia , Mesentério/patologia
18.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 57(6): 445-451, 2019 Jun 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31216802

RESUMO

Objective: To study the clinical characteristics of outpatients with hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) caused by different serotypes of enteroviruses. Methods: This was a prospective study. From February 2017 to March 2018, 563 outpatients with HFMD were enrolled by systematic sampling in the Department of Infectious Diseases, Henan Children's Hospital. Throat swabs were collected to determine the serotypes via PCR. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were collected by standard questionnaire. All cases were followed up twice at 2 and 9 weeks after the initial outpatient visit through telephone interview. A total of 563 cases were enrolled and 555 (98.6%) cases were positive for human enteroviruses, including 338 (60.9%) males. Analyses were stratified by enterovirus serotypes, Chi square test or Fisher's exact test, Rank sum test was used for comparison among different groups. Results: The age of 555 cases was 24.2 (16.4, 41.3) months. Among them 44.0% (224 cases) were identified as coxsackievirus (CV)-A6, while 189 cases, 35 cases, 14 cases and 73 cases were identified as CV-A16, enterovirus (EV)-A71, CV-A10 and other serotypes, respectively. Fever (≥37.5 ℃) was present in 51.4% (285/555) of laboratory confirmed cases. The proportions of fever in cases of CV-A6 (68.9%(168/244)) and CV-A10 (12/14) were significantly higher than those in cases of CV-A16 (31.7%(60/189),χ(2)=57.344,14.313,both P=0.000), other serotypes (43.8%(32/73),χ(2)=15.101 and 8.242, P=0.000 and 0.004) and EV-A71 (37.1%(13/35), χ(2)=13.506 and 9.441, P=0.000 and 0.002) respectively. There was no significant difference between CV-A6 and CV-A10 in presentation of fever (χ(2)=1.785, P=0.182). There were 359 cases (64.7%) with eruptions in mouth, hands, feet and buttocks. Cases infected with EV-A71 had the highest proportions (74.3%(26/35)) of rash emerging simultaneously in mouth, hands, feet, and buttocks. The proportion in cases of CV-A16, CV-A6, CVA10 and other serotype were 73.5% (139/189), 61.9% (151/244), 7/14 and 49.3% (36/73), respectively. The proportion of rash on other parts of body, such as face, limbs or torso in cases infected with CV-A6 (16.8% (41/244)) was the higherest and the proportion in cases of CV-A16, EV-A71, CV-A10 or other serotypes were 8.5% (16/189) , 5.7% (2/35) , 1/14, 6.8% (5/73) , respectively. None of these cases developed serious complications. Desquamation occurred in 45.5% (179/393) cases 7.5 (5.0, 9.0) days after disease onset and 13.5% (53/393) cases showed onychomadesis 31.0 (18.0, 33.5) days after disease onset. The proportion of desquamation and onychomadesis associated with CV-A6 (64.2% (95/148) and 31.8% (47/148)) was significantly higher than CV-A16 (31.8% (49/154) and 1.3% (2/154), χ(2)=33.601 and 52.482, both P=0.000) and other serotypes (38.0%(19/50) and 6.0%(3/50),χ(2)=10.236 and 12.988, P=0.001 and 0.000). Desquamation appeared more in cases of CV-A6 than in cases of CV-A10 (2/11,χ(2)=9.386, P=0.002), with the proportion of onychomadesis higher in CV-A6 than in EV-A71 (3.3% (1/30),χ(2)=11.088, P=0.001). Conclusion: Clinical manifestation such as fever, rash emerging parts, desquamation and onychomadesis are different among outpatient HFMD cases infected with CV-A16, CV-A6, EV-A71, CV-A10 and other enteroviruses.


Assuntos
Infecções por Enterovirus/diagnóstico , Enterovirus/isolamento & purificação , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Enterovirus/epidemiologia , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/virologia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Masculino , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31137092

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the oncologic and functional outcomes of laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas treated by supracricoid laryngectomy. Methods: The clinical data of 134 patients with laryngeal cancer who underwent supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy (CHEP) or cricohyoidopexy (CHP) between July 2005 and April 2014 at Shandong Provincial ENT Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Ninety-one patients including 31 cases of stage Ⅰ, 36 of stage Ⅱ, 18 of stage Ⅲ and 6 of stage Ⅳ underwent CHEP and 43 patients underwent CHP. Two patients received CHEP due to recurrence after open surgery and laser surgery. Three patients received CHP due to the recurrence of disease after open surgery and postradiotherapy persistence of disease. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the 3-year and 5-year survival rates. The Chi-square test was used to compare the survival rates between different surgical procedures. Results: All 91 patients who underwent CHEP had successful removals of PEG tubes, and 88 (96.7%) of them had tracheostomy tube decannulation. Among 43 patients with CHP, 42(97.6%) cases removal of PEG tubes(97.6%), including and 40(93.0%) cases with tracheostomy tube decannulation. There was one patient with local recurrence in all cases. In CHEP group, 3-year local control rate was 98.2%; 3-year and 5-year overall survival rate were 94.5% and 93.9%, respectively. In CHP group, 3-year local control rate was 97.6%; 3-year and 5-year overall survival rates were 86.0% and 83.3%, respectively. Pharyngeal fistula appeared in 2 cases of CHEP group and 4 cases of CHP group, and all of them were cured by conservative treatment. Conclusion: Supracricoid laryngectomy shows excellent oncologic and functional results for treatment of laryngeal cancer while maintaining laryngeal functions, especially in terms of local control rate and tracheostomy tube decannulation.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Laríngeas , Laringectomia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Cartilagem Cricoide , Humanos , Neoplasias Laríngeas/cirurgia , Laringectomia/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(1): 62-66, 2019 Jan 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30641668

RESUMO

Objective: To compare and analyze the epidemiological features of adult patients with Barton's fractures between Western and Eastern in China. Methods: The data of adult patients with Barton's fractures treated from January 2010 to December 2011 in 63 hospitals in Western and Eastern of China were collected through the picture archiving and communication systems (PACs) and case reports checking system. The data of 28 hospitals in Western China were classified as group Western, while data of 35 hospitals in Eastern China were classified as group Eastern, and the analytic items included gender, age and age distribution. The counting data were tested by chi-square test, and the measurement data were compared with the corresponding statistical methods according to the normality. Results: A total of 1 191 cases were collected, accounted for 4.0% of all the distal radius fracture (1 191/29 825). The total male/female ratio was 1∶1.02. The adult Barton's fractures predominated in an age range from 51 to 60 years (21.4%). There were 736 cases of volar Barton's fractures (61.8%), and 455 cases of dorsal Barton's fractures (38.2%). The patients were divided into group Western (403 cases) and group Eastern (788 cases) respectively. There were 222(55.1%) males and 181(44.9%) females in group Western, while 368(46.7%) males and 420(53.3%) females in group Eastern (χ(2)=7.502, P<0.05). The median age of the two groups were 44(16-94) years and 51(16-91) years (Z=-5.079, P<0.05). Cases of volar and dorsal Barton's fractures in group Western were 238 and 165 cases, while there were 498 and 290 cases in Group Eastern (χ(2)=1.937, P>0.05). Conclusions: The peak age of adult Barton's fractures is from 51 to 60 years with more female patients than male. Volar Barton's fractures outnumbers dorsal type. In Western China, the majority are male patients, which differs from Eastern. The patient age in Western China is significantly lower than it in Eastern.


Assuntos
Hospitais , Fraturas do Rádio , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Coleta de Dados , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
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