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1.
J Immunol ; 207(8): 2118-2128, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507947

RESUMO

Sepsis is a life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysfunctional host response to infection. Neutrophils play a protective role by releasing antibacterial proteins or by phagocytizing bacteria. However, excess neutrophils can induce tissue damage. Recently, a novel intercellular communication pathway involving extracellular vesicles (EVs) has garnered considerable attention. However, whether EVs secreted by macrophages mediate neutrophil recruitment to infected sites has yet to be studied. In this study, we assessed the chemotactic effect of EVs isolated from mouse Raw264.7 macrophages on mouse neutrophils and found that CXCL2 was highly expressed in these EVs. By regulating CXCL2 in Raw264.7 macrophages, we found that CXCL2 on macrophage EVs recruited neutrophils in vitro and in vivo. The CXCL2 EVs activated the CXCR2/PKC/NOX4 pathway and induced tissue damage. This study provides information regarding the mechanisms underlying neutrophil recruitment to tissues and proposes innovative strategies and targets for the treatment of sepsis.

2.
J Hum Hypertens ; 33(12): 856-862, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30631131

RESUMO

Although previous data showed that remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) has beneficial effect on blood pressure (BP) reduction, the efficacy of RIPC-induced decline in BP and the favorable humoral factors in hypertension is elusive. This present study is performed to evaluate whether RIPC reduces BP, improves microvascular endothelial function and increases circulating hSDF-1α generation in hypertension. Fifteen hypertensive patients received 3 periods of 5-min inflation/deflation of the forearm with a cuff on the upper arm daily for 30 days. Clinic and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) were examined before and after the end of this procedure. Microvascular endothelial function was measured by finger reactive hyperemia index (RHI) using the Endo-PAT 2000 device. The circulating hSDF-1α level was tested by ELISA. RIPC significantly decreased systolic BP (139.13 ± 6.68 versus 131.45 ± 7.45 mmHg) and diastolic BP (89.67 ± 4.98 versus 83.83 ± 6.65 mmHg), meanwhile 24-h ambulatory systolic and diastolic BP dropped from 136.33 ± 9.10 mmHg to 131.33 ± 7.12 mmHg and 87.60 ± 6.22 mmHg to 82.47 ± 4.47 mmHg respectively. RHI was improved (1.95 ± 0.34 versus 2.47 ± 0.44). Plasma hSDF-1α level was markedly increased after RIPC (1585.86 ± 167.17 versus 1719.54 ± 211.17 pg/ml). The increase in hSDF-1α level was associated with the fall in clinic and 24-h ABPM and rise in RHI. The present data suggests that RIPC may be a novel alternative or complementary intervention means to treat hypertension and protect endothelial function.


Assuntos
Braço/irrigação sanguínea , Pressão Sanguínea , Quimiocina CXCL12/sangue , Endotélio Vascular/fisiopatologia , Hipertensão/terapia , Precondicionamento Isquêmico/métodos , Oclusão Terapêutica , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/sangue , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Método Simples-Cego , Oclusão Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Regulação para Cima
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