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1.
FEBS Open Bio ; 11(11): 2966-2976, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407320

RESUMO

Myocardial infarction (MI) is caused by the formation of plaques in the arterial walls, leading to a decrease of blood flow to the heart and myocardium injury as a result of hypoxia. Ferroptosis is a crucial event in myocardial injury, and icariin (ICA) exerts protective effects against myocardial injury. Here, we investigated the protective mechanism of ICA in hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced ferroptosis of cardiomyocytes. H9C2 cells were subjected to H/R induction. The content of lactate dehydrogenase and the levels of oxidative stress and intracellular ferrous ion Fe2+ were measured. The levels of ferroptosis markers (ACSL4 and GPX4) were detected. H/R-induced H9C2 cells were cultured with ICA in the presence or absence of ferroptosis inducer (erastin). Znpp (an HO-1 inhibitor) was added to ICA-treated H/R cells to verify the role of the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway. H/R-induced H9C2 cells showed reduced viability, enhanced oxidative stress and lactate dehydrogenase content, increased levels of Fe2+ and ACSL4, and decreased levels of GPX4. ICA inhibited H/R-induced ferroptosis and oxidative stress in cardiomyocytes. Erastin treatment reversed the inhibitory effect of ICA on ferroptosis in H/R cells. The expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 in H/R-induced H9C2 cells was reduced, whereas ICA treatment reversed this trend. Inhibition of the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway reversed the protective effect of ICA on H/R-induced ferroptosis. Collectively, our results suggest that ICA attenuates H/R-induced ferroptosis of cardiomyocytes by activating the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Hipóxia Celular/fisiologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipóxia Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ferroptose , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Hipóxia/tratamento farmacológico , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
Neurosci Lett ; 532: 17-22, 2013 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23123773

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between cognitive impairment and somatosensory evoked magnetic field and auditory evoked magnetic field changes in elderly male patients with subcortical ischemic vascular dementia (SIVD). METHODS: Magnetoencephalography (MEG) was used to record evoked magnetic field changes from 4 SIVD patients (76-88 years), 3 patients with vascular cognitive impairment with no dementia (VCI-ND; 74-87 years), and 6 healthy volunteers (72-85 years). Latency peaks, equivalent current dipole (ECD) strength, and bilateral ECD position were recorded. The MEG data were superimposed on magnetic resonance imaging to produce magnetic source imaging. RESULTS: Compared to controls, SIVD patients showed increased M20 latency and ECD strength. There were no significant differences in M20 inter-hemispheric positions across diagnostic categories. At M100, SIVD patients showed delayed auditory evoked magnetic field latency compared to controls. However, ECD strength and 3-dimensional inter-hemispheric differences were similar across the groups at the M100 measurement. CONCLUSIONS: Changes in somatosensory and auditory evoked magnetic field changes correlated with cognitive impairment in SIVD patients. Magnetic field latency measures may provide an objective and sensitive index for early dementia detection and monitoring of cognitive function.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Transtornos Cognitivos/fisiopatologia , Transtornos Cognitivos/psicologia , Demência Vascular/fisiopatologia , Demência Vascular/psicologia , Campos Magnéticos , Estimulação Acústica , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Córtex Auditivo/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cérebro/fisiopatologia , Demência Vascular/etiologia , Estimulação Elétrica , Humanos , Magnetoencefalografia , Masculino , Córtex Somatossensorial/fisiopatologia
3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 84(4): 282-5, 2004 Feb 17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15059508

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of somatosensory evoked magnetic fields (SEF) in patients with acute cerebral infarction by magnetoencephalgraphy (MEG). METHODS: SEFs were recorded from 17 patients with acute cerebral infarction and 18 healthy volunteers using 306-channel whole-head MEG. The electric stimuli were presented with interstimulus intervals of 0.5 s. The peaks of SEF were estimated by equivalent current dipole (ECD), which were superimposed on MRI. RESULTS: M20 was the most elemental components of SEF in all subjects, originating from the area close to the "hand area" of the primary somatosensory cortex. There appeared several abnormal SEF parameters in the patient group: (1) the value of interhemispheric difference of the M20 positions was (8 +/- 4) mm in the normal group and (11 +/- 3) mm in the patient group (P < 0.01); (2) the peak latency of M20 responses in the healthy group was (20.7 +/- 1.1) ms, significantly shorter than those in both the unaffected hemisphere and affected hemisphere in the patient group, (21.8 +/- 1.2) ms and (23.6 +/- 1.9) ms, (both P < 0.01); (3) the strength of ECD in the affected hemisphere was (17 +/- 10) nAm, significantly smaller than that in the unaffected hemisphere, (26 +/- 10) nAm (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Latent cortical impairment may be evaluated by MEG with higher spatial and temporal resolution. MEG provides objective and sensitive indexes to evaluate the function of somatosensory cortex in patients with acute cerebral infarction.


Assuntos
Infarto Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Potenciais Somatossensoriais Evocados/fisiologia , Magnetoencefalografia/métodos , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Infarto Cerebral/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Córtex Somatossensorial/fisiopatologia
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