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1.
Molecules ; 24(4)2019 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30781435

RESUMO

This study investigated the effects of α-tocopherol (α-TOH) on the physicochemical properties of sturgeon surimi during 16-week storage at -18 °C. An aliquot of 0.1% (w/w) of α-TOH was added into the surimi and subjected to frozen storage, and 8% of a conventional cryoprotectant (4% sorbitol and 4% sucrose, w/w) was used as a positive control. Based on total viable count, pH and whiteness, α-TOH exhibited a better protection for frozen sturgeon surimi than cryoprotectant during frozen storage. According to soluble protein content, carbonyl content, total sulfhydryl content, and surface hydrophobicity, α-TOH and cryoprotectant showed the same effects on retarding changes of proteins. The results of breaking force, deformation, gel strength, water-holding capacity and microstructure of sturgeon surimi indicated that the gel properties of frozen sturgeon surimi were retained by α-TOH. Our results suggest that α-TOH is an attractive candidate to maintain the quality of sturgeon surimi during frozen storage.


Assuntos
Crioprotetores/farmacologia , Peixes/metabolismo , Congelamento , alfa-Tocoferol/farmacologia , Animais , Produtos Pesqueiros/análise , Produtos Pesqueiros/microbiologia , Conservação de Alimentos/métodos , Armazenamento de Alimentos/métodos , Compostos de Sulfidrila/metabolismo
2.
Sci Rep ; 6: 31315, 2016 08 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27501997

RESUMO

p-Hydroxylcinnamaldehyde (CMSP) has been identified as an inhibitor of the growth of various cancer cells. However, its function in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and the underlying mechanism remain unclear. The aim of the present study was to characterize the differentiation effects of CMSP, as well as its mechanism in the differentiation of ESCC Kyse30 and TE-13 cells. The function of CMSP in the viability, colony formation, migration and invasion of Kyse30 and TE-13 cells was determined by MTS, colony-formation, wound healing and transwell assays. Western blotting and pull-down assays were used to investigate the effect of CMSP on the expression level of malignant markers of ESCC, as well as the activity of MAPKs, RhoA and GTP-RhoA in Kyse30 and TE-13 cells. We found that CMSP could inhibit proliferation and migration and induce Kyse30 and TE-13 cell differentiation, characterized by dendrite-like outgrowth, decreased expression of tumour-associated antigens, as well as the decreased expression of malignant markers. Furthermore, increased cAMP, p-P38 and decreased activities of ERK, JNK and GTP-RhoA, were detected after treatment with CMSP. These results indicated that CMSP induced the differentiation of Kyse30 and TE-13 cells through mediating the cAMP-RhoA-MAPK axis, which might provide new potential strategies for ESCC treatment.


Assuntos
Acroleína/análogos & derivados , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Cinamatos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Acroleína/farmacologia , Animais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Sobrevivência Celular , AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Esôfago/metabolismo , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Invasividade Neoplásica , Proteína rhoA de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo
3.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 38(5): 1939-51, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27160973

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Periplocin is extracted from the traditional herbal medicine cortex periplocae, which has been reported to suppress the growth of cancer cells. However, little is known about its effect on gastric cancer cells. METHODS: Gastric cancer cells were treated with periplocin, and cell viability was assessed using MTS assay. Flow cytometry and TUNEL staining were performed to evaluate apoptosis, and protein expression was examined by western blotting. Microarray analysis was used to screen for changes in related genes. RESULTS: We found that periplocin had an inhibitory effect on gastric cancer cell viability in a dose-dependent manner. Periplocin inhibited cell viability via the ERK1/2-EGR1 pathway to induce apoptosis. Periplocin also inhibited the growth of tumor xenografts and induced apoptosis in vivo. CONCLUSION: Our results show that periplocin inhibits the proliferation of gastric cancer cells and induces apoptosis in vitro and in vivo, indicating its potential to be used as an antitumor drug.


Assuntos
Apocynaceae/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Saponinas/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Apocynaceae/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína 1 de Resposta de Crescimento Precoce/metabolismo , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Transplante Heterólogo
4.
J Air Waste Manag Assoc ; 56(12): 1694-706, 2006 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17195488

RESUMO

The concentration of fine particulate nitrate, sulfate, and carbonaceous material was measured for 12-hr day-night samples using diffusion denuder samplers during the Project Measurement of Haze and Visibility Effects (MOHAVE) July to August 1992 Summer Intensive study at Meadview, AZ, just west of Grand Canyon National Park. Organic material was measured by several techniques. Only the diffusion denuder method measured the semivolatile organic material. Fine particulate sulfate and nitrate (using denuder technology) determined by various groups agreed. Based on the various collocated measurements obtained during the Project MOHAVE study, the precision of the major fine particulate species was +/- 0.6 microg/m3 organic material, +/- 0.3 microg/m3 ammonium sulfate, and +/- 0.07 microg/m3 ammonium nitrate. Data were also available on fine particulate crustal material, fine and coarse particulate mass from the Interagency Monitoring of Protected Visual Environments sampling system, and relative humidity (RH), light absorption, particle scattering, and light extinction measurements from Project MOHAVE. An extinction budget was obtained using mass scattering coefficients estimated from particle size distribution data. Literature data were used to estimate the change in the mass scattering coefficients for the measured species as a function of RH and for the absorption of light by elemental carbon. Fine particulate organic material was the principal particulate contributor to light extinction during the study period, with fine particulate sulfate as the second most important contributor. During periods of highest light extinction, contributions from fine particulate organic material, sulfate, and light-absorbing carbon dominated the extinction of light by particles. Particle light extinction was dominated by sulfate and organic material during periods of lowest light extinction. Combination of the extinction data and chemical mass balance analysis of sulfur oxides sources in the region indicate that the major anthropogenic contributors to light extinction were from the Los Angeles, CA, and Las Vegas, NV, urban areas. Mohave Power Project associated secondary sulfate was a negligible contributor to light extinction.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Luz , Material Particulado/química , Poluentes Atmosféricos/química , Sulfato de Amônio/análise , Arizona , Monitoramento Ambiental/instrumentação , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Humanos , Umidade , Modelos Lineares , Conceitos Meteorológicos , Nitratos/análise , Tamanho da Partícula , Material Particulado/análise , Estações do Ano , Sulfatos/análise , Fatores de Tempo
5.
J Air Waste Manag Assoc ; 47(3): 357-369, 1997 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29081293

RESUMO

The Brigham Young University (BYU) organic sampling system (BOSS) and the high flow rate multi-system BYU organic sampling system (BIG BOSS), which use multichannel diffusion denuder sampling techniques, were both used to collect samples of atmospheric fine particulate organic material. Both systems were used at the Meadview sampling site located at the western boundary of the Grand Canyon National Park in northwestern Arizona for the Project MOHAVE summer intensive sampling program in August 1992. The concentrations of total fine particulate carbonaceous material determined by temperature programmed volatilization for BOSS collocated replicate samples were in agreement with an uncertainty of ±14%. A comparable agreement was seen between the BOSS and BIG BOSS samples. Carbonaceous material collected by the second of two sequential quartz filters was shown to have originated from organic material lost from particles during sampling. About one-half of the fine particulate organic material was lost from particles during sample collection. These semi-volatile organic compounds lost from particles during sampling were characterized by GC/MS analysis. The concentrations of n-alkanes, n-fatty acids, n-fatty methyl esters, and phthalic acid as a function of fine particulate size were obtained for compounds both retained by and lost from particles during sampling. The possible sources of fine particulate semi-volatile organic material collected at Meadview, and the particle size distribution of fine particulate organic material, n-alkanes, n-fatty acids, and n-fatty esters are discussed.

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