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1.
Chemistry ; 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33481303

RESUMO

Despite asymmetric C-H functionalization has been available for the synthesis structurally diverse molecules, catalytic dynamic kinetic resolution (DKR) approaches to change racemic stereogenic axes remain synthetically challenges in this field. Here we present a concise palladium-catalyzed dynamic kinetic resolution combined with C-H functionalization involving olefination and alkynylation for the highly efficient synthesis of non-biaryl-atropisomer-type (NBA) axially chiral oragnosilanes. The chemistry proceeds through two different and distinct dynamic kinetic resolutions: first, an atroposelective C-H olefination or alkynylation produced axially chiral vinylsilanes or alkynylsilanes as a new family of non-biaryl atropisomers (NBA), and second, the extension of this DKR strategy to twofold o,o'-C-H functionalization led to the multifunctional axially chiral organosilicon compounds with up to >99% ee.

2.
PLoS One ; 16(1): e0245338, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33434236

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: In Asian countries, oral chloral hydrate is the most commonly used sedative for non-invasive procedures. Theoretically, mild sleep deprivation could be considered as one of assisted techniques. However, there is no consensus on sleep deprivation facilitating the sedation during non-painful procedures in children. The aim of our study is to analyze the clinical data of children undergoing non-invasive procedural sedation retrospectively and to evaluate the association between mild sleep deprivation and sedative effects in non-invasive procedures. MEASUREMENTS: Consecutive patients undergoing chloral hydrate sedation for non-invasive procedures between December 1, 2019 to June 30, 2020 were included in this study. The propensity score analysis with 1: 1 ratio was used to match the baseline variables between patients with sleep deprivation and non-sleep deprivation. The primary outcome was the failure rate of sedation with the initial dose. The secondary outcomes included the failure rate of sedation after supplementation of chloral hydrate, the incidence of major and minor adverse events, initial and supplemental dose of chloral hydrate, and the length of sedation time. MAIN RESULTS: Of the 7789 patients undergoing chloral hydrate sedation, 6352 were treated with sleep deprivation and 1437 with non-sleep deprivation. After propensity score matching, 1437 pairs were produced. The failure rate of sedation with initial chlorate hydrate was not significantly different in two groups (8.6% [123/1437] vs. 10.6% [152/1437], p = 0.08), nor were the failure rates with supplemental chlorate hydrate (0.8% [12/1437] vs. 0.9% [13/1437], p = 1) and the length of sedation time (58 [45, 75] vs. 58 [45, 75] min; p = 0.93). CONCLUSIONS: The current results do not support sleep deprivation have a beneficial effect in reducing the pediatric chloral hydrate sedation failure rate. The routine use of sleep deprivation for pediatric sedation is unnecessary.

3.
Brain Behav Immun ; 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33444733

RESUMO

Acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 4 (ACSL4) is an important isozyme for polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) metabolism that dictates ferroptosis sensitivity. The role of ACSL4 in the progression of ischemic stroke is unclear. Here, we found that ACSL4 expression was suppressed in the early phase of ischemic stroke and this suppression was induced by HIF-1α. Knockdown of ACSL4 protected mice against brain ischemia, whereas, forced overexpression of ACSL4 exacerbated ischemic brain injury. ACSL4 promoted neuronal death via enhancing lipid peroxidation, a marker of ferroptosis. Moreover, knockdown of ACSL4 inhibited proinflammatory cytokine production in microglia. These data identify ACSL4 as a novel regulator of neuronal death and neuroinflammation, and interventions of ACSL4 expression may provide a potential therapeutic target in ischemic stroke.

4.
Carbohydr Polym ; 253: 117200, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33278973

RESUMO

Chitosan/g-C3N4/TiO2 (CS/CNT) nanofibers were fabricated by electrospinning technique for Cr(VI) removal through the adsorption and photocatalytic processes. The effects of crucial factors in the adsorption process including contact time (0-1440 min), pH (1-7), initial concentration of Cr(VI) (20-800 mg/L) were investigated. The photocatalytic experiment was executed in a photochemical reactor with an 800 W xenon lamp to simulate visible light. In adsorption process, at pH = 2, the adsorption capacities of chitosan (CS) nanofibers, CS/CNT10:1 (CS : g-C3N4/TiO2 = 10:1) nanofibers and CS/CNT5:1 nanofibers were 20.8, 165.3 and 68.9 mg/g, respectively, suggesting the addition of g-C3N4/TiO2 (CNT) could notably enhance the acid resistance of CS and widen its practical application. Under visible-light irradiation, the removal efficiency of Cr(VI) using CS/CNT nanofibers was appreciably improved, which was about 50 % higher than that of pure adsorption, indicating that the CS/CNT nanofibers exhibited the effective synergistic effect of adsorption and photocatalysis.

5.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 90: 107010, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33333415

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence has reported the role of microRNA (miR) on diabetic retinopathy (DR). Thus, the aim of the study was to investigate the effect of exosomal miR-17-3p targeting signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) on inflammatory reaction and antioxidant injury of DR mice. METHODS: A mouse diabetes model was established and injected with miR-17-3p-containing human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hucMSCs)-derived exosomes to ascertain the role of exosomal miR-17-3p. The blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAlc), weight, hemoglobin (Hb) content, inflammatory factors, oxidative stress factors, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), apoptosis index and glutamine synthetase (GS) level in serum and/or retinal tissues of DR mice were measured. miR-17-3p and STAT1 expression in retinal tissues as well as the target relationship between miR-17-3p and STAT1 were tested. RESULTS: miR-17-3p decreased and STAT1 increased in retinal tissues of DR mice, and STAT1 was the target gene of miR-17-3p. Injection of up-regulated exosomal miR-17-3p reduced the blood glucose and HbAlc, increased the weight, Hb content and GS level, decreased contents of inflammatory factors and VEGF, alleviated oxidative injury, and inhibited retinal cell apoptosis in DR mice through inhibiting STAT1. CONCLUSION: Functional studies reveal that hucMSCs-derived exosomes shuffle miR-17-3p to ameliorate inflammatory reaction and oxidative injury of DR mice via targeting STAT1.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; 754: 142170, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33254872

RESUMO

A large increase in carbon emission and other greenhouse gases have attracted much attention around the world for decades. As the second largest carbon emission source in the world, the agricultural carbon emission and the environmental improvement value of agricultural carbon reduction (EIVACR) should not be ignored. Based on the theory of resource economic value, the current study divided 31 provincial-level administrative units of China into three major regions. The Super-Efficiency Slacks-Based Measurement (SBM) model, Moran's I index and Markov chain transfer probability matrix method have been employed to examine EIVACR and it's spatial-temporal dynamic evolution characteristics by adopting panel data of 31 provinces from 1997 to 2017. The result indicated that: (i) during the study period, China's average EIVACR showed significant regional differences, accompanied by the gradually strengthening spatial pattern of the "central > western > eastern"; (ii) the average EIVACR increased from 0.970 Million Yuan in 1997 to 1.164 Million Yuan in 2017, increasing by 20% in 21 years; (iii) no spatial correlation or obvious dependence exist between adjacent provinces, but present a negative impact of "high-low" agglomeration in individual years; (iv) the influencing effects of technology adoption and factor allocation have spatial heterogeneity, and the influencing effect of policy orientation has temporal heterogeneity. Therefore, differentiated carbon reduction policies should be formulated according to regional and temporal differences. Meanwhile, carbon reduction market trading mechanism and compensation policy should be established. What's more, regional cooperation needs to be strengthened, to form a synergistic carbon reduction effect.

7.
Onco Targets Ther ; 13: 12201-12211, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33273826

RESUMO

Background: Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common and lethal malignancies worldwide. Therefore, a better understanding of the mechanism of its malignant progression and chemoresistance will be helpful for the treatment of patients with GC. Methods: The gene expression profiles downloaded from GEO database and the TargetScan Human were used to identify the key regulation model based on miRNA by bioinformatics analyses. The regulation of miRNA to target was clarified by luciferase assay, qPCR, and Western blotting. Then, the in vitro and in vivo experiments were further conducted by overexpression or knockdown of miRNA and/or target to examine the regulation effects and clarify the mechanism. Results: In the present study, miR-424-3p was identified to be differentially expressed among normal gastric, GC, and chemoresistant GC tissues. Target analysis results indicated that ABCC2, a chemoresistance-related gene, was a regulated target of miR-424-3p. The in vitro and in vivo experiment results further demonstrated that miR-424-3p relied on ABCC2-induced chemoresistance to promote GC proliferation and metastasis. Conclusion: Overall, this study revealed that miR-424-3p contributed to the malignant progression and chemoresistance of GC. Thus, miR-424-3p could be a potential target for the treatment of GC.

8.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 26(2): 99-105, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33346410

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the protective effect of Peroxiredoxin 4 (PRDX4) on the testes undergoing heat stress in PRDX4 knockout mice. METHODS: Twenty-four C57BL/6 mice underwent CRISPR/Cas9-mediated total knockout of the PRDX4 gene and another 24 wild-type mice were used as controls. At 9 weeks of age, the rats were subjected to 15-minute testicular heat stress in 43℃ water once a day for 3 days, or in 25℃ water as the control. Before and at 1 day and 5 weeks after treatment, 4 from each group were sacrificed respectively and their testes harvested for observation of histological changes by HE staining, detection of the apoptosis of spermatogenic cells by TUNEL and determination of the expression of PRDX4 by Western blot and those of the oxidative stress factors hydroxynonenal (HNE) and 8-OHdG by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were observed in testicular histology, the apoptosis rate of spermatogenic cells, and the expressions of HNE and 8-OHdG between the PRDX4 knockout mice and wild-type controls (P > 0.05). After 1-day 43℃ heat stress, the PRDX4 knockout mice showed a significantly increased apoptosis rate of spermatogenic cells as compared with the baseline (ï¼»38.65 ± 2.57ï¼½% vs ï¼»0.46 ± 0.06ï¼½%, P < 0.01), and so did the wild-type controls (ï¼»13.21 ± 1.43ï¼½% vs ï¼»0.33 ± 0.01ï¼½%, P < 0.01), higher in the PRDX4 knockout than in the wild-type control group even at 5 weeks after heat stress (ï¼»3.09 ± 0.16ï¼½% vs ï¼»1.45 ± 0.11ï¼½%, P < 0.01). The PRDX4 knockout mice also exhibited a markedly upregulated expression of 8-OHdG (38.25 ± 1.19 vs 19.54 ± 1.13, P < 0.01), and so did the wild-type controls (24.30 ± 1.65 vs 18.22 ± 1.18, P < 0.01), higher in the PRDX4 knockout than in the wild-type control group even at 5 weeks after heat stress (25.40 ± 1.57 vs 23.25 ± 1.48, P < 0.01). The expression of HNE, however, showed no statistically significant difference before and at 1 day after 43℃ heat stress either in the PRDX4 knockout mice or in the wild-type controls (P > 0.05), though remarkably higher in the former than in the latter group at 5 weeks after treatment (28.57 ± 0.56 vs 19.00 ± 1.35, P < 0.01). The expression of 8-OHdG was also higher in the PRDX4 knockout than in the wild-type control group at 5 weeks, but with no statistically significant difference (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: PRDX4 can effectively protect the testis from heat stress and promote the restoration of its spermatogenic function.


Assuntos
Resposta ao Choque Térmico , Estresse Oxidativo , Peroxirredoxinas/genética , Testículo , Animais , Apoptose , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Testículo/metabolismo
9.
Appl Radiat Isot ; 169: 109506, 2020 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33340786

RESUMO

The temperature-dependent diffusion coefficient of radon is one of the most important parameters for predicting radon migration in porous media. In order to measure this parameter more effectively and accurately, theoretical formulas were derived by the steady-state one-dimensional equation of radon migration in porous media for designing the corresponding experimental device, which was used to measure the diffusion coefficients of radon in uranium mill tailings. The results show that the diffusion coefficient of radon in porous media increases with increasing the temperature, which is in agreement with existing researches, verifying the method effectiveness. The changes of the diffusion coefficient of radon with the absolute temperature follow a power law.

10.
Plant Cell Physiol ; 2020 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33377894

RESUMO

Splicing of plant organellar group II introns from precursor-RNA transcripts requires the assistance of nuclear-encoded splicing factors. Maturase (nMAT) is a kind of such factors, as its three homologs (nMAT1, 2, and 4) has been identified for splicing of various mitochondrial introns in Arabidopsis. However, function of nMAT in maize (Zea mays L.) is unknown. In this study, we identified a seed development mutant, Empty Pericarp 2441 (emp2441) from maize, which showed severely arrested embryogenesis and endosperm development. Positional cloning and transgenic complementation assays revealed that Emp2441 encoded a maturase-related protein, ZmnMAT3. ZmnMAT3 highly expressed during seed development and its protein located in the mitochondria. The loss-of-function of ZmnMAT3 resulted in reduced splicing efficiency of various mitochondrial group II introns, particularly of the trans-splicing of nad1 intron 1, 3, and 4, which consequently abolished the transcript of nad1 and severely impaired the assembly and activity of mitochondrial complex I. Moreover, the Zmnmat3 mutant showed defective mitochondrial structure and induced the expression and activity of alternative oxidases. These results indicated that ZmnMAT3 is essential for mitochondrial complex I assembly during kernel development in maize.

11.
Cancer Res ; 2020 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33310726

RESUMO

The ubiquitous second messenger Ca2+ has long been recognized as a key regulator in cell migration. Locally confined Ca2+, in particular, is essential for building front-to-rear Ca2+ gradient which serves to maintain the morphological polarity required in directionally migrating cells. However, little is known about the source of the Ca2+ and the mechanism by which they crosstalk between different signaling pathways in cancer cells. Here, we report that Calcium Release-Activated Calcium Modulator 2 (ORAI2), a poorly characterized store-operated calcium (SOC) channel subunit, is predominantly upregulated in the lymph node (LN) metastasis of gastric cancer (GC), supporting cell proliferation and migration. Clinical data reveal that a high frequency of ORAI2-positive cells in GC tissues significantly correlated with poor differentiation, invasion, LN metastasis and worse prognosis. Gain- and loss-of-function showed that ORAI2 promotes cell motility, tumor formation and metastasis in both GC cell lines and mice. Mechanistically, ORAI2 mediated SOC activity and regulated tumorigenic properties through the activation of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathways. Moreover, ORAI2 enhanced the metastatic ability of GC cells by inducing FAK-mediated mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/ERK activation and promoted focal adhesion disassembly at rear-edge of the cell. Collectively, our results demonstrate that ORAI2 is a novel gene that plays an important role in the tumorigenicity and metastasis of GC.

12.
FEBS J ; 2020 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33314622

RESUMO

The alternative activation of macrophages in the lungs has been considered as a major factor promoting pulmonary fibrogenesis; however, the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are still elusive. In this study, we investigated the interaction between macrophages and fibrosis-associated alveolar epithelial cells using a bleomycin-induced mouse pulmonary fibrosis model and a coculture system. We demonstrated that fibrosis-promoting macrophages are spatially proximate to alveolar type II (ATII) cells, permissive for paracrine-induced macrophage polarization. Importantly, we revealed that fibrosis-associated ATII cells secrete Sonic hedgehog (Shh), a hedgehog pathway ligand, and that ATII cell-derived Shh promotes the development of pulmonary fibrosis by osteopontin (OPN)-mediated macrophage alternative activation. Mechanistically, Shh promotes the secretion of OPN in macrophages via Shh/Gli signaling cascade. The secreted OPN acts on the surrounding macrophages in an autocrine or paracrine manner and induces macrophage alternative activation through activating the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway. Tissue samples from idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients confirmed the increased expression of Shh and OPN in ATII cells and macrophages, respectively. Together, our study illustrated an alveolar epithelium-dependent mechanism for macrophage M2 polarization and pulmonary fibrogenesis and suggested that targeting Shh may offer a selective and efficient therapeutic strategy for the development and progression of pulmonary fibrosis.

13.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 26(6): 487-498, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33356036

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the effects of different concentrations of testosterone on the differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) into early male germ cells and investigate the potential impact of high-level androgen exposure in early pregnancy in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) on the fertility and primordial germ cell reserve of the male offspring in adulthood. METHODS: We used 2 µmol/L retinoic acid to induce the differentiation of hESCs (46, XY) into male germ cells in vitro and meanwhile treated them with testosterone (T) at 0 mol/L, 3×10-7 mol/L, 5×10-7 mol/L, 15×10-7 mol/L, 45×10-7 mol/L, and 135×10-7 mol/L, respectively. We collected the cell samples at 0, 4, 7 and 14 days to determine the expressions of the specific genes and compare the differentiation process and efficiency of the male germ cells in different stages. RESULTS: There was no difference in the morphology of the hESCs treated with different concentrations of testosterone in the same differentiation stage. The expression of the marker gene DAZL in the primordial germ cells peaked on the 4th day of differentiation, significantly higher in the 15×10-7, 45×10-7 and 135×10-7 mol/L groups than in the 3×10-7 mol/L group (P < 0.05), and that of the specific gene SCP3 in the early-meiosis germ cells began to increase on the same day, more significantly in the 45×10-7mol/L than in the 3×10-7 mol/L and 5×10-7 mol/L groups (P < 0.01), and peaked on the 7th day, dramatically higher in the 15×10-7, 45×10-7 and 135×10-7 mol/L groups than in the 3×10-7 mol/L group (P < 0.01). Immunofluorescence staining and flow cytometry showed a T concentration-dependent increase in the expression of DAZL at 4 days and those of SCP3 and VASA at 7 days. Moreover, the expression of the androgen receptor (AR) in the hESCs began to rise on the 4th day and kept going up till the 14th day, higher in the high-concentration than in the low-concentration T groups in the same stage of differentiation, though with no statistically significant difference (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to high-level androgen during the differentiation of hESCs into early male germ cells can induce earlier expression of AR and earlier differentiation of hESCs into early male germ cells, which may result in insufficient reserve of male primary germ cells in the male offspring of PCOS women and affect their fertility after adulthood. hESCs can be used as an in vitro model to study the effects of intrauterine hyperandrogen on the reproductive development of male offspring in PCOS patients, which is also contributive to researches on the etiology of male infertility.

14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(52): e23170, 2020 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33350722

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: This retrospective study aimed to investigate bronchospasm after tracheobronchial foreign body removal. Bronchoscopy is the main clinical treatment for removing airway foreign bodies, but postoperative airway spasm is very common. In our study, we perform a risk factor analysis of bronchospasm after tracheobronchial foreign body removal. The sample was composed of 261 children with airway foreign bodies who had undergone clinical bronchoscopy for foreign body removal under general anesthesia were enrolled from the department of otolaryngology, the First Hospital of Jilin University from 2014 to 2019, of which 78 in the left bronchus, 107 in the right bronchus, 51 in the main bronchus, and 25 in the subglottis. All patients were confirmed by radiographic examination or pulmonary auscultation. All their medical records and clinical data were retrospectively analyzed; single factor and multiple factor analyses of bronchospasm were performed. The logistic regression analysis showed that age, foreign body retention time and operation time were independent risk factors for postoperative airway spasm. A history of pneumonia was not an independent risk factor for postoperative airway spasm. We should pay more attention in the preoperative period according to the specific situation of child; the right means of anesthesia and appropriate hormonal drugs should be chosen to prevent the occurrence of postoperative airway spasm.


Assuntos
Brônquios , Espasmo Brônquico/etiologia , Broncoscopia/efeitos adversos , Corpos Estranhos/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Traqueia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
15.
Clin Imaging ; 72: 183-193, 2020 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33321460

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to assess the diagnostic properties of computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI/MRCP) /Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (MRCP), positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT), endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) in distinguishing benign and malignant intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligible databases were searched for eligible studies, published through July 2020 on the diagnostic accuracy of these modalities. Diagnostic accuracy parameters, including sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), and summary receiver operating characteristic curves (SROC) were calculated. Meta-regression was performed to identify the source of heterogeneity. RESULTS: In total, 28 studies were included. Pooled sensitivities for CT, MRI/MRCP, PET/CT, EUS and DWI were 0.7, 0.76, 0.8, 0.6 and 0.72, respectively. Pooled specificities were 0.78, 0.83, 0.9, 0.8 and 0.97. The DORs were 8, 16, 35, 6 and 88. The areas under the curve (AUC) of SROC for CT, MRI/MRCP/MRCP, PET/CT, EUS and DW were 0.8, 0.87, 0.92, 0.79 and 0.82, respectively. CONCLUSION: PET/CT showed the highest AUC and the overall diagnostic accuracy results support the use of MRI/MRCP, PET/CT interchangeably as a first-line examination in the diagnosis of malignant IPMN. With regard to DWI, EUS and CT, each techniques have their advantages and supportive to MRI/MRCP.

16.
R Soc Open Sci ; 7(10): 200123, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33204442

RESUMO

HRF5015, a perfluorosulfonic acid resin catalyst with unique pore structures, was investigated in the catalytic self-condensation of cyclohexanone under mild conditions. The morphology of HRF5015 was characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and atomic force microscope (AFM), and the reaction mechanism was studied by in situ diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS). The effects of reaction time and temperature on the yield of dimer were investigated under the nitrogen atmosphere. The results show that the reaction temperature is low, and especially, the selectivity of the dimer is close to 100%. The apparent activation energy for the dimer formation reaction is 54 kJ mol-1. Synergistic action of cluster structure formed by sulfonic groups and nanopores in HRF5015 may be the key factor of high-efficiency catalytic activity and high selectivity. In situ infrared spectra indicate that the intermediate is stable in the reaction process. HRF5015 is environmentally friendly and re-usable, which shows good potential in a future application.

17.
Ann Transl Med ; 8(17): 1049, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33145268

RESUMO

Background: Peroxiredoxin 4 (Prdx4), a member of the Prdx family, can catalyze the reduction of reactive oxygen species. This study aims to explore whether Prdx4 can serve as an effective marker in follicular fluid (FF) for predicting in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) cycle outcomes. Methods: In this prospective study, all participants were recruited from the center of clinical reproductive medicine from 2017 September to 2018 December. Women with tubal or male factor infertility undergoing their first IVF/ICSI cycle were recruited (n=138). FF samples from each patient were collected on the day of oocyte retrieval. Prdx4 concentrations were measured, and the correlation between Prdx4 levels and IVF outcomes was analyzed. Results: The results showed that pregnant women had higher levels of Prdx4 than nonpregnant women. Prdx4 was positively correlated with the oocyte fertilization rate (r =0.334; P=0.011) and good quality embryo rate (r =0.326; P=0.013). Furthermore, we found that the clinical pregnancy rate was positively correlated with Prdx4 levels in a concentration-dependent manner in the Prdx4 quartiles (<13.38, 13.83-16.93, 16.93-22.93, >22.93 ng/mL). The fertilization rates, clinical pregnancy rates and live pregnancy rates were all significantly higher in the highest Prdx4 quartile group than in the lowest quartile. Moreover, the results indicated that Prdx4 had an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.754, corresponding to an optimal cutoff point of 22.30 ng/mL. Conclusions: Our results provide evidence that higher expression of antioxidants, such as Prdx4, in the FF of IVF patients tends to indicate a higher likelihood of pregnancy through an oocyte quality mechanism.

18.
Transl Androl Urol ; 9(5): 2082-2093, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33209671

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this stay was to determine the effect of calcium ions in promoting osteogenic-like differentiation in human renal interstitial fibroblasts (hRIFs). The role of miRNA-410-3p in upregulating Msh homeobox 2 (MSX2) level in hRIFs was also investigated. Methods: Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) analysis was used to assess the expression levels of miRNA-410-3p in Randall's plaque (RP) and normal renal papillary (nRP) tissues. Furthermore, the expression levels of osteogenesis-related protein in the RP and nRP tissues were assessed with qPCR and immunohistochemistry (IHC). hRIFs were cultured from isolated human kidney papilla before treatment with calcium chloride or osteogenic medium, and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was performed at 1, 5, 9, and 14 days post-treatment. Alizarin red staining was used to estimate the deposits of calcium aggregates. After the overexpression or knockdown of miRNA-410-3p, we evaluated the changes in the osteogenic-like differentiation and osteogenesis-related protein by alizarin red staining and qPCR, respectively. A binding relationship between miRNA-410-3p and MSX2 was established through a dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. Rescue experiments demonstrated that miRNA-410-3p regulated the osteogenic-like differentiation by targeting MSX2. Results: miRNA-410-3p levels were lower in RP tissue than in control nRP tissues. qPCR and IHC showed that the level of runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), osteocalcin (OCN), and osteopontin (OPN) were higher in RP tissues. The calcium deposition of hRIFs showed a time-dependent trend when treated with osteogenic medium or calcium chloride. The overexpression of miRNA-410-3p downregulated the levels of osteogenesis-related expression and attenuated mineralization. The knockdown of miRNA-410-3p yielded the opposite trend. Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay and rescue experiments indicated that miRNA-410-3p could target MSX2, while the overexpression of MSX2 reversed the effects of miRNA-410-3p on osteogenic-like differentiation. Conclusions: The current findings suggest that calcium ions could promote the osteogenic-like differentiation of hRIFs and miRNA-410-3p regulates hRIFs osteogenic-like differentiation by inhibiting MSX2.

19.
Acta Physiol (Oxf) ; : e13586, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33226724

RESUMO

AIMS: Reduced A Disintegrin And Metalloproteinase with a ThromboSpondin type 1 motif member 13 (ADAMTS13) levels are observed in kidney disease. We test whether recombinant human ADAMTS13 (rhADAMTS13) mitigates renal injury in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the potential mechanisms. METHODS: CKD was established 3 months after ischaemia/reperfusion (IR). ADAMTS13 and von Willebrand factor (vWF) levels, renal function and morphological changes were analysed. Afferent arteriolar responses to angiotensin II (Ang II) and acetylcholine (ACh) were measured. Oxidative stress-related molecules were detected. RESULTS: Higher vWF and lower ADAMTS13 levels were observed in CKD mice, which were markedly attenuated by rhADAMTS13. rhADAMTS13 alleviated renal dysfunction, as documented by decreased blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine, kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels in CKD mice. Moreover, rhADAMTS13 attenuated transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß1/Smad3 activation. Plasma vWF: ADAMTS13 ratio showed positive correlations with malondialdehyde (MDA), hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) and proteinuria, and correlated inversely with superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT). Finally, rhADAMTS13 inhibited reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and improved microvascular functional disorders, accompanied by the inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase (GSK) 3ß hyperactivity and upregulation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) expression. CONCLUSIONS: Acute kidney injury (AKI) reduces the expression of ADAMTS13 that contributes to progressive CKD, microvascular dysfunction, oxidative stress, inhibition of Nrf2 activity and renal histopathological damage. All of which can be alleviated by administration of rhADAMTS13.

20.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(6): 749-754, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33236595

RESUMO

Objective: To study the antibacterial effect of berberine combined with amylmetacresol on Enterococcus faecalis. Methods: Both dilution method and live bacteria CFU were used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of berberine and amylmetacresol on E. faecalis. The killing effect of berberine and amylmetacresol on planktonic E. faecalis was detected by suspension quantitative germicidal test and live/dead bacteria staining. The effects of berberine and amylmetacresol on the structure of mature biofilm of E. faecalis was observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The toxicity of berberine and amylmetacresol on human oral keratinocytes (HOK) was determined by CCK-8 cell proliferation and cytotoxicity assay and cytotoxicity LDH assay. Results: The MIC of berberine was 512 µg/mL, and the MIC of amylmetacresol was 0.023 3%. 512 µg/mL berberine and 0.002 33% amylmetacresol had a weak killing effect on planktonic E. faecalis alone, while they showed a synergistic antibacterial effect in combination. Cell survival in the biofilm was only slightly changed by berberine and amylmetacresol. The structure of biofilm was obviously changed by berberine and amylmetacresol. 512 µg/mL berberine and 0.002 33% amylmetacresol alone or in combination showed the survival rate was much higher than the injury rate, suggesting berberine and amylmetacresol had a low cytotoxicity. Conclusion: Berberine and amylmetacresol had synergism against E. faecalis, and the biological safety of the combination use was better.

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