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1.
Food Chem ; 366: 130629, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34314933

RESUMO

Hydrophilic fluorescent silicon nanoparticles (SiNPs) with good pH stability, salt-tolerance and anti-photobleaching were for the first time prepared from hydrophobic 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane. Employing SiNPs as the fluorescence probe, selective quantification of curcuminoids based on the quenching effect was realized with a linearity of 0.046-7.4 µg/mL and a limit of detection of 17.6 ng/mL. Moreover, in light of fluorescence redshift of SiNPs corresponding to the elevated concentration of curcuminoids, a fluorescence colorimetric method was established based on only one extra probe, i.e. herein SiNPs. Thus, semi-quantification of curcuminoids (0-14.7 µg/mL) was visualized from blue to yellow color. Both the developed quantitative and semi-quantitative probe were successfully applied to determine curcuminoids in various actual food samples. Furthermore, SiNPs possessed low cytotoxicity and succeeded in intracellular curcuminoids imaging. The proposed SiNPs could be a promising fluorescence probe for multiple applications.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Silício , Colorimetria , Diarileptanoides , Corantes Fluorescentes
2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 114838, 2021 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788645

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Keguan-1, a new traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) prescription contained seven Chinese herbs, is developed to treat coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19). The first internationally registered COVID-19 randomised clinical trial on integrated therapy demonstrated that Keguan-1 significantly reduced the incidence of ARDS and inhibited the severe progression of COVID-19. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the protective mechanism of Keguan-1 on ARDS, a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) model was used to simulate the pathological state of ARDS in patients with COVID-19, focusing on its effect and mechanism on ALI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mice were challenged with LPS (2 mg/kg) by intratracheal instillation (i.t.) and were orally administered Keguan-1 (low dose, 1.25 g/kg; medium dose, 2.5 g/kg; high dose, 5 g/kg) after 2 h. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and lung tissue were collected 6 h and 24 h after i.t. LPS administration. The levels of inflammatory factors tumour necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1ß, keratinocyte-derived chemokine (KC or mCXCL1), macrophage inflammatory protein 2 (MIP2 or mCXCL2), angiotensin II (Ang II), and endothelial cell junction-associated proteins were analysed using ELISA or western blotting. RESULTS: Keguan-1 improved the survival rate, respiratory condition, and pathological lung injury; decreased the production of proinflammatory factors (TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß, KC, and MIP2) in BALF and the number of neutrophils in the lung tissues; and ameliorated inflammatory injury in the lung tissues of the mice with LPS-induced ALI. Keguan-1 also reduced the expression of Ang II and the adhesion molecule ICAM-1; increased tight junction proteins (JAM-1 and claudin-5) and VE-cadherin expression; and alleviated pulmonary vascular endothelial injury in LPS-induced ALI. CONCLUSION: These results demonstrate that Keguan-1 can improve LPS-induced ALI by reducing inflammation and pulmonary vascular endothelial injury, providing scientific support for the clinical treatment of patients with COVID-19. Moreover, it also provides a theoretical basis and technical support for the scientific use of TCMs in emerging infectious diseases.

3.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt B): 127485, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655878

RESUMO

Microporous organic networks (MONs) have shown great potential in the removal of environmental contaminants. However, all studies have focused on the design and construction of novel and efficient adsorbents, and the recycling and reuse of adsorbates were disregarded. In this study, we report a feasible approach to synthesize renewable and reusable MONs by using target halogenated contaminants such as tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), 2,3-dichlorophenol (2,3-DCP), and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (2,4,6-TCP) as starting monomers. TBBPA, 2,3-DCP, and 2,4,6-TCP acted as hazardous contaminants and starting monomers for MONs, leading to the recycling of both adsorbents and adsorbates. The obtained TBBPA-MON, 2,3-DCP-MON, and 2,4,6-TCP-MON not only offered good reusability and large adsorption capacity for their elimination but also provided good adsorption for other phenolic contaminants relying on multiple interactions. Density functional theory calculation indicated the dominant role of π-π and hydrophobic interactions and the secondary role of hydrogen bonding interactions during the adsorption process. The used TBBPA-MON could be reused and the eluted TBBPA could be recycled and renewed for the construction of fresh MONs. This study provided a feasible approach to design and synthesize renewable MONs for environmental contaminants.

4.
Org Biomol Chem ; 19(36): 7930-7936, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34549229

RESUMO

Nanoluciferase (NLuc) is the emerging commercially available luciferase considering its small size and superior bioluminescence performance. Nevertheless, this bioluminescence system has some limitations, including narrow emission wavelength and single substrate. Herein, a series of novel furimazine derivatives at the C-6 and C-8 positions of the imidazopyrazinone core have been designed and synthesized for extension of the bioluminescence substrates. It should be noted that two compounds, molecules A2 (2-(furan-2-ylmethyl)-6-(4-(hydroxymethyl)phenyl)-8-(phenylthio)imidazo[1,2-a]pyrazin-3(7H)-one) and A3 (2-(furan-2-ylmethyl)-6-(4-amino-3-fluorophenyl)-8-(phenylthio)imidazo[1,2-a]pyrazin-3(7H)-one), display reasonable bioluminescence properties for in vitro and in vivo biological evaluations. In particular, compound A3 can broaden the application of NLuc bioluminescence techniques, especially for in vivo bioluminescent imaging.

5.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 18(8): 623-630, 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34527028

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the morphological and compositional characteristics of carotid plaques in two cohorts (2002-2005 and 2012-2015) of Chinese patients using magnetic resonance vessel wall imaging. METHODS: Symptomatic patients with carotid atherosclerotic plaques who underwent carotid vessel wall magnetic resonance imaging between 2002-2005 and 2012-2015 were retrospectively recruited. Plaque morphology [including mean wall area, wall thickness, and maximum normalized wall index (NWI)] and composition [including calcification, intraplaque hemorrhage, and lipid-rich necrotic core (LRNC)] in symptomatic carotid arteries were evaluated and compared between patients in these two time periods. RESULTS: A total of 258 patients, including 129 patients in the 2002-2005 cohort and 129 patients in the 2012-2015 cohort, were recruited. Statin use (49.6%vs. 32.6%, P = 0.004) and hypertension (76.0% vs. 62.8%, P = 0.015) were significantly more common in the 2012-2015 cohort than in the 2002-2005 cohort. Patients in the 2012-2015 cohort also exhibited significantly low plaque burden parameters (allP < 0.05), as well as a lower prevalence (68.2% vs. 89.9%, P < 0.001) and volume percentages of LRNC (11.2% ± 14.2% vs. 25.7% ± 17.7%, P < 0.001). These differences remained significant after adjustment for clinical factors. The differences in the volume percentages of LRNC also remained significant after an additional adjustment for maximum NWI ( P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Patients in the 2012-2015 cohort had a lower plaque burden and volume percentages of LRNC in symptomatic carotid arteries than those in the 2002-2005 cohort. These findings indicate that carotid plaques in the recent cohort had a lower severity and vulnerability.

6.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(19): 13335-13344, 2021 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524807

RESUMO

In this paper, Gd-promoted Co3O4 catalysts were prepared via a facile coprecipitation method for low-temperature catalytic N2O decomposition. Due to the addition of Gd, the crystallite size of Co3O4 in the Gd0.06Co catalyst surprisingly decreased to 4.9 nm, which is much smaller than most additive-modified Co3O4 catalysts. This huge change in the catalyst's textural structure endows the Gd0.06Co catalyst with a large specific surface area, plentiful active sites, and a weak Co-O bond. Hence, Gd0.06Co exhibited superior activity for catalyzing 2000 ppmv N2O decomposition, and the temperature for the complete catalytic elimination of N2O was as low as 350 °C. Meanwhile, compared with pure Co3O4, Ea decreased from 77.4 to 46.8 kJ·mol-1 and TOF of the reaction increased from 1.16 × 10-3 s-1 to 5.13 × 10-3 s-1 at 300 °C. Moreover, Gd0.06Co displayed a quite stable catalytic performance in the presence of 100 ppmv NO, 5 vol % O2, and 2 vol % H2O.


Assuntos
Gases , Catálise
7.
J Chromatogr A ; 1655: 462521, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509692

RESUMO

As an effective sample pretreatment approach, stir bar sorptive extraction (SBSE) has shown great prospects in static microextraction and selective enrichment. In this work, bifunctional microporous organic network (B-MON) with the coexistence of amino and hydroxyl groups was firstly designed and synthesized as a novel coating for efficient SBSE of parabens and flavors in combination with high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with photodiode array detection (HPLC-PDA). Linked by covalent bonds to form an extension of the aromatic ring skeleton, B-MON was a tailored adsorbent featured by porous structure and abundant hydrogen bonding sites for analytes with benzene/naphthalene rings and OH/COOH groups. The extraction and desorption parameters were evaluated in detail. Under the optimized conditions, the proposed B-MON-SBSE-HPLC-PDA method offered good linearity (0.10-100 µg L-1) with correlation coefficients R2 ≥ 0.995, low limits of detection (0.010-0.035 µg L-1) and limits of quantification (0.035-0.115 µg L-1), and favorable enrichment factors (40-49). Furthermore, the developed method has been applied to the analysis of parabens and flavors in cosmetic and food samples with recoveries ranging from 80.4 to 109.6%. This method was also feasible to extract the analytes with benzene/naphthalene rings and OH/COOH groups, such as the plant growth regulators and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The present study provided a new way to synthesize bifunctional MONs for SBSE of trace analytes in complex samples.


Assuntos
Parabenos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Limite de Detecção , Porosidade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(33): 39905-39914, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374514

RESUMO

The lack of functional groups or binding sites largely hindered the broad application of microporous organic networks (MONs). Herein, we report the fabrication of the sulfonate group-enriched magnetic MON composite (MMON-SO3H@SO3Na) via the combination of the sulfonic acid group containing the monomer and thiol-yne click postmodification for efficient magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) of benzimidazole fungicides (BZDs) from complex sample matrices. The well-defined core-shell-structured MMON-SO3H@SO3Na was obtained and served as an advanced adsorbent for MSPE for concentrating and monitoring trace BZDs. The MMON-SO3H@SO3Na with numerous sulfonate groups provides plenty of ion-exchange, hydrogen-bonding, and π-π sites, leading to the favorable affinity to BZDs via multiple interaction mechanisms. The MMON-SO3H@SO3Na-based MSPE-high-performance liquid chromatography method afforded a wide linear range, low limits of detection, large enrichment factors, good precisions, and reusability for BZDs. Trace BZDs in complex vegetables and fruit samples were successfully detected by the established method. The MMON-SO3H@SO3Na also exhibited good selectivity toward multiple types of polar contaminants containing hydrogen-bonding sites and aromatic structures. This work provided a new postsynthesis strategy for constructing novel and multifunctioned magnetic MONs for preconcentration of trace analytes in a complex matrix.


Assuntos
Alcanossulfonatos/síntese química , Alcinos/química , Benzimidazóis/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Fungicidas Industriais/isolamento & purificação , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Química Click , Óxido Ferroso-Férrico/química , Frutas/química , Limite de Detecção , Magnetismo/métodos , Microesferas , Porosidade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Verduras/química
9.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(8): 2180-2181, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263044

RESUMO

In the present study, we obtained and annotated the complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Traulia minuta. The length of the whole mitogenome was 15,636 bp and the AT content of the complete mitogenome was 74.5%. All protein-coding genes (PCGs) started with typical ATN codon and ended with complete TAA/TAG codons except Nad5, which ended with incomplete T codon. The phylogenetic tree indicated that T. minuta was clustered together with T. szetschuanensis.

10.
Hortic Res ; 8(1): 158, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34193839

RESUMO

Plant glandular trichomes (GTs) are epidermal outgrowths with the capacity to biosynthesize and secrete specialized metabolites, that are of great scientific and practical significance. Our understanding of the developmental process of GTs is limited, and no single plant species serves as a unique model. Here, we review the genetic mechanisms of GT initiation and development and provide a summary of the biosynthetic pathways of GT-specialized metabolites in nonmodel plant species, especially horticultural crops. We discuss the morphology and classification of GT types. Moreover, we highlight technological advancements in methods employed for investigating GTs. Understanding the molecular basis of GT development and specialized metabolites not only offers useful avenues for research in plant breeding that will lead to the improved production of desirable metabolites, but also provides insights for plant epidermal development research.

11.
Cell Mol Neurobiol ; 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34224050

RESUMO

Nogo proteins, also known as Reticulon-4, have been identified as myelin-derived inhibitors of neurite outgrowth in the central nervous system (CNS). There are three Nogo variants, Nogo-A, Nogo-B and Nogo-C. Recent studies have shown that Nogo-A/B is abundant in macrophages and may have a wider effect on inflammation. In this review, we focus mainly on the possible roles of Nogo-A/B on polarization and recruitment of macrophages and their involvement in a variety of inflammatory diseases. We then discuss the Nogo receptor1 (NgR1), a common receptor for Nogo proteins that is also abundant in microglia/macrophage in the CNS. Interaction of Nogo and NgR1 in microglia/macrophage may affect the adhesion and polarization of macrophages that are involved in multiple neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease and multiple sclerosis. Overall, this review provides insights into the roles of Nogo proteins in regulating macrophage functions and suggests that, potentially, Nogo proteins maybe a new target in the treatment of inflammatory diseases.

12.
Open Med (Wars) ; 16(1): 931-943, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34222668

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) was reported as an oncogene in many tumors including retinoblastoma (RB). This research mainly focused on the functions and mechanism of MALAT1 in RB. MALAT1 was upregulated in RB tissues and cells, and it served as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) and inhibited miRNA-655-3p (miR-655-3p) expression, which eventually regulated the expression of miR-655-3p downstream target ATPase Family AAA Domain Containing 2 (ATAD2). The level of ATAD2 significantly increased, while that of miR-655-3p remarkably decreased in RB tissues and cells. MALAT1 depletion inhibited cell proliferation, metastasis, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), but promoted apoptosis in vitro and blocked xenograft tumor growth in vivo. MALAT1 exerted its oncogenic functions in RB by regulating miR-655-3p/ATAD2 axis.

13.
Talanta ; 233: 122471, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215105

RESUMO

Development of novel functionalized adsorbents for efficient magnetic solid phase extraction (MSPE) is essential for promoting their versatile applications in sample pretreatment. Herein, we report the fabrication of a new polyethyleneimine-600 decorated magnetic microporous organic network nanosphere (Fe3O4@MON-PEI600) for effective MSPE of trace non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) from different water samples. The core-shelled Fe3O4@MON-PEI600 integrates the synergistic effects of Fe3O4, MON and PEI600, providing facile and effective extraction to NSAIDs via multiple hydrogen bonding, π-π and hydrophobic interactions. The inner MON shell employs π-π and hydrophobic interaction sites and the outer PEI-600 coat acts as the hydrogen bonding doner/receptor, which affords good extraction performance for NSAIDs. Under optimal conditions, the Fe3O4@MON-PEI600-MSPE-HPLC-UV method gives wide linear range (0.14-400 µg L-1), low limits of detection (0.042-0.149 µg L-1), good precisions (intra-day and inter-day RSDs < 4.5%, n = 6), and large enrichment factors (97.0-98.2). Extraction mechanisms and selectivity of Fe3O4@MON-PEI600 are evaluated in detail. Moreover, Fe3O4@MON-PEI600 is successfully applied to enrich the trace NSAIDs in different water samples with the concentrations of 0.7 and 0.8 µg L-1 for 1-naphthylacetic acid, 0.5 and 0.1 µg L-1 for naproxen as well as 0.7 µg L-1 for ibuprofen, respectively. The developed method not only affords a novel and efficient magnetic adsorbent for NSAIDs in aqueous media at trace level, but also provides a new strategy for the rational design and synthesis of multiple functionalized MON composites in sample pretreatment.


Assuntos
Nanosferas , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Adsorção , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Limite de Detecção , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Polietilenoimina , Extração em Fase Sólida , Águas Residuárias
14.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 15346, 2021 07 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34321497

RESUMO

Fluopyram is commonly used to control banana leaf spot, anthracnose, and scab in tropical agricultural areas. To explore its behaviour in tropical agricultural environments, dissipation, adsorption, and leaching behaviours of fluopyram in three typical banana planting soils were studied. Also, its dissipation and migration capabilities in different regions and different soil types were evaluated. The results showed that the dissipation of fluopyram was in accordance with the first-order kinetic equation in the three banana soils, but the degradation rates were quite different. The degradation half-lives in the Hainan latosol, Yunnan sandy soil, and Fujian Plain alluvial soil were 46.21 days, 36.48 days and 57.76 days, respectively. Fluopyram also exhibited high adsorption and low leachability in the three soils. The Fujian Plain alluvial soil had the highest adsorption capacity for fluopyram, while fluopyram had the low leachability in the Yunnan sandy soil.

15.
Plant Cell ; 33(9): 2981-3003, 2021 09 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34240197

RESUMO

To overcome nitrogen deficiency, legume roots establish symbiotic interactions with nitrogen-fixing rhizobia that are fostered in specialized organs (nodules). Similar to other organs, nodule formation is determined by a local maximum of the phytohormone auxin at the primordium site. However, how auxin regulates nodule development remains poorly understood. Here, we found that in soybean, (Glycine max), dynamic auxin transport driven by PIN-FORMED (PIN) transporter GmPIN1 is involved in nodule primordium formation. GmPIN1 was specifically expressed in nodule primordium cells and GmPIN1 was polarly localized in these cells. Two nodulation regulators, (iso)flavonoids trigger expanded distribution of GmPIN1b to root cortical cells, and cytokinin rearranges GmPIN1b polarity. Gmpin1abc triple mutants generated with CRISPR-Cas9 showed the impaired establishment of auxin maxima in nodule meristems and aberrant divisions in the nodule primordium cells. Moreover, overexpression of GmPIN1 suppressed nodule primordium initiation. GmPIN9d, an ortholog of Arabidopsis thaliana PIN2, acts together with GmPIN1 later in nodule development to acropetally transport auxin in vascular bundles, fine-tuning the auxin supply for nodule enlargement. Our findings reveal how PIN-dependent auxin transport modulates different aspects of soybean nodule development and suggest that the establishment of auxin gradient is a prerequisite for the proper interaction between legumes and rhizobia.

16.
J Chromatogr A ; 1651: 462347, 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34166861

RESUMO

Herein, we report the fabrication of a novel, well-defined core-double-shell-structured magnetic Fe3O4@polydopamine@naphthyl microporous organic network (MON), Fe3O4@PDA@NMON, for the efficient magnetic extraction of hydroxylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (OH-PAHs) and p-nitrophenol (p-Npn) from wastewater samples. The hierarchical nanospheres were designed and constructed with the Fe3O4 nanoparticle core, the inner shell of a polydopamine (PDA) layer, and the outer shell of a porous naphthyl MON (NMON) coating, allowing efficient and synergistic extraction of OH-PAHs and p-Npn via hydrophobic, hydrogen bonding, and π-π interactions. The Fe3O4@PDA@NMON nanospheres were well characterized and employed as an efficient sorbent for magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) coupled with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for analyzing of OH-PAHs and p-Npn. Under optimal conditions, the Fe3O4@PDA@NMON-based-MSPE-HPLC-UV method afforded wide linear range (0.18-500 µg L-1), low limits of detection (0.070 µg L-1 for p-Npn, 0.090 µg L-1 for 2-OH-Nap, 0.090 µg L-1 for 9-OH-Fluo and 0.055 µg L-1 for 9-OH-Phe, respectively), large enrichment factors (92.6-98.4), good precisions (intra-day and inter-day relative standard deviations (RSDs); <6.4%, n=6) and less consumption of the adsorbent. Furthermore, trace OH-PAHs and p-Npn with concentrations of 0.29-0.80 µg L-1 were successfully detected in various wastewater samples. Fe3O4@PDA@NMON also functioned as a good adsorbent to enrich a wide scope of trace contaminants containing hydrogen bonding sites and aromatic structures, highlighting the potential of functional MONs in sample pretreatment.


Assuntos
Indóis/química , Nanosferas/química , Nitrofenóis/isolamento & purificação , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/isolamento & purificação , Polímeros/química , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Águas Residuárias/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Limite de Detecção , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Nitrofenóis/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Porosidade
17.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 681801, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34122493

RESUMO

The papain-like cysteine proteases (PLCPs) are the most abundant family of cysteine proteases in plants, with essential roles in biotic/abiotic stress responses, growth and senescence. Papain, bromelain and ficin are widely used in food, medicine and other industries. In this study, 31 PLCP genes (FcPCLPs) were identified in the fig (Ficus carica L.) genome by HMM search and manual screening, and assigned to one of nine subfamilies based on gene structure and conserved motifs. SAG12 and RD21 were the largest subfamilies with 10 and 7 members, respectively. The FcPCLPs ranged from 1,128 to 5,075 bp in length, containing 1-10 introns, and the coding sequence ranged from 624 to 1,518 bp, encoding 207-505 amino acids. Subcellular localization analysis indicated that 24, 2, and 5 PLCP proteins were targeted to the lysosome/vacuole, cytoplasm and extracellular matrix, respectively. Promoter (2,000 bp upstream) analysis of FcPLCPs revealed a high number of plant hormone and low temperature response elements. RNA-seq revealed differential expression of 17 FcPLCPs in the inflorescence and receptacle, and RD21 subfamily members were the major PLCPs expressed in the fruit; 16 and 5 FcPLCPs responded significantly to ethylene and light, respectively. Proteome analyses revealed 18 and 5 PLCPs in the fruit cell soluble proteome and fruit latex, respectively. Ficins were the major PLCP in fig fruit, with decreased abundance in inflorescences, but increased abundance in receptacles of commercial-ripe fruit. FcRD21B/C and FcALP1 were aligned as the genes encoding the main ficin isoforms. Our study provides valuable multi-omics information on the FcPLCP family and lays the foundation for further functional studies.

18.
Bioact Mater ; 6(12): 4786-4800, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34095629

RESUMO

Mimicking the nitric oxide (NO)-release and glycocalyx functions of native vascular endothelium on cardiovascular stent surfaces has been demonstrated to reduce in-stent restenosis (ISR) effectively. However, the practical performance of such an endothelium-mimicking surfaces is strictly limited by the durability of both NO release and bioactivity of the glycocalyx component. Herein, we present a mussel-inspired amine-bearing adhesive coating able to firmly tether the NO-generating species (e.g., Cu-DOTA coordination complex) and glycocalyx-like component (e.g., heparin) to create a durable endothelium-mimicking surface. The stent surface was firstly coated with polydopamine (pDA), followed by a surface chemical cross-link with polyamine (pAM) to form a durable pAMDA coating. Using a stepwise grafting strategy, Cu-DOTA and heparin were covalently grafted on the pAMDA-coated stent based on carbodiimide chemistry. Owing to both the high chemical stability of the pAMDA coating and covalent immobilization manner of the molecules, this proposed strategy could provide 62.4% bioactivity retention ratio of heparin, meanwhile persistently generate NO at physiological level from 5.9 ± 0.3 to 4.8 ± 0.4 × 10-10 mol cm-2 min-1 in 1 month. As a result, the functionalized vascular stent showed long-term endothelium-mimicking physiological effects on inhibition of thrombosis, inflammation, and intimal hyperplasia, enhanced re-endothelialization, and hence efficiently reduced ISR.

19.
Food Microbiol ; 99: 103803, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34119096

RESUMO

Tibetan kefir grains (TKG) are multi-functional starter cultures used in foods and have been applied in various fermentation systems. This study aimed to investigate the microbial community composition of TKG, the detoxification abilities of TKG and their isolates towards common mycotoxins, and the potential for applying TKG and their associated microbial populations to avoid mycotoxin contamination in dairy products. Cultivation-independent high-throughput sequencing of bacterial and fungal rDNA genes indicated that Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens and Kazachstania turicensis were the most abundant bacterial and fungal taxa, respectively. In addition, 27 total isolates were obtained using cultivation methods. TKG removed more than 90% of the Ochratoxin A (OTA) after 24 h, while the isolate Kazachstania unisporus AC-2 exhibited the highest removal capacity (~46.1%). Further, the isolate exhibited good resistance to acid and bile salts environment. Analysis of the OTA detoxification mechanism revealed that both adsorption and degradation activities were exhibited by TKG, with adsorption playing a major detoxification role. Furthermore, the addition of OTA did not affect the microbial community structure of TKG. These results indicate that TKG-fermented products can naturally remove mycotoxin contamination of milk and could potentially be practically applied as probiotics in fermentation products.


Assuntos
Kefir/microbiologia , Microbiota , Ocratoxinas/metabolismo , Animais , Biotransformação , Bovinos , Fermentação , Lactobacillus/classificação , Lactobacillus/genética , Lactobacillus/isolamento & purificação , Lactobacillus/metabolismo , Leite/microbiologia , Ocratoxinas/análise , Saccharomycetales/classificação , Saccharomycetales/genética , Saccharomycetales/isolamento & purificação , Saccharomycetales/metabolismo , Tibet
20.
Electrophoresis ; 42(19): 1936-1944, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34180069

RESUMO

Microporous organic networks (MONs) that exhibit good stability and hydrophobicity are promising candidates for performing HPLC separation of small organic compounds. However, their applications in separating large analytes as well as biomolecules are still limited by the microporous nature of MONs. Herein, we demonstrated the fabrication of a MON-functionalized silica (MON@SiO2 ), exhibiting micro and mesopores for the HPLC separations of small drugs as well as large analytes, such as flavones, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), and proteins. MON was successfully modified on SiO2 microspheres to yield the uniform and mono-dispersed MON@SiO2 . The separation mechanisms and performance of the MON@SiO2 packed column were evaluated for a wide range of analytes, including neutral, acidic, basic compounds, drugs, and proteins. Compared with commercial C18 and SiO2 -NH2 packed columns, the proposed MON@SiO2 column afforded superior performance in the separations of flavones, NSAIDs, EDCs, and proteins. Moreover, the MON@SiO2 column also offered good repeatability with intraday RSDs (n = 7) of <0.1%, <2.0%, <2.3%, and <0.7% for the retention time, peak height, peak area, and half peak width, respectively, for separating EDCs. This work proved the potential of using MONs in the HPLC separations of drugs and proteins.

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