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1.
Oral Oncol ; 128: 105831, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35395554

RESUMO

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is an uncommon myeloid neoplasm characterized by clonal neoplastic proliferation of Langerhans-type dendritic cells associated with a reactive inflammatory infiltrate composed predominantly of lymphocytes and eosinophils. Only three cases of LCH mimicking periapical lesions have been reported in the English-language literature to date. Herein, we report a rare case of LCH involving the mandible of a 45-years-old woman mimicking microscopically and radiographically a residual cyst. The patient underwent enucleation and curettage of the lesion. Microscopically, the lesion showed fibrous tissue with an intense inflammatory infiltrate and histiocytes with irregular to elongated nuclei with prominent nuclear grooves. The tumor cells were positive for S-100 protein, CD1a, and CD207. After careful evaluation through imaging tests to rule out lesions in other anatomical locations, the diagnosis was solitary LCH of the mandible. After four years of follow-up, the patient remained with no evidence of recurrence. This case emphasizes the importance of a carefully clinical, radiographic, and microscopical evaluation of bone lesions, including periapical or residual cysts, since some neoplasms can mimic common benign lesions of the jaws. Although conservative approaches to treating solitary mandibular bone lesions of LCH can be employed, long-term follow-up is strongly recommended.


Assuntos
Cistos , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans , Cistos/complicações , Cistos/patologia , Feminino , Cabeça/patologia , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/complicações , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/diagnóstico , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/patologia , Humanos , Células de Langerhans/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
2.
Oral Oncol ; 127: 105814, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35279544

RESUMO

Basaloid squamous-cell carcinoma (BSCC) is an uncommon variant of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) consisting of atypical squamous and basaloid cells. It is an aggressive lesion that most commonly affects the oropharynx, being rare in intraoral sites. In this paper, we report the case of a male patient, 42 years old, smoker and chronic drinker, presenting a vegetating and ulcerated leukoerythroplastic lesion, asymptomatic, with five months of evolution, located on the floor of the mouth. Bilateral infarction of the submandibular lymph nodes was observed. Having established the presumptive diagnosis of SCC, an incisional biopsy was performed, which revealed a proliferation of nests and trabeculae of atypical basaloid and squamous cells. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed positivity for AE1/AE3, CK 5, CK 14, p63 and Ki67 (>80%), but negativity for CK7, S-100 and α-SMA. The diagnosis was BSCC. The patient was referred to a head and neck surgery and oncology service for definitive treatment, but died five months after diagnosis. BSCC is a clinicopathological entity whose diagnosis can be challenging. Its aggressive clinical behavior reiterates the relevance of the correct diagnosis for instituting the appropriate treatment. Thus, it is intended, in this work, to discuss the histopathological criteria for differential diagnosis of BSCC, aiming to contribute to its better knowledge and, perhaps, understanding.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , Adulto , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico
4.
Oral Dis ; 28(6): 1561-1572, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263964

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report the clinicopathologic features of acquired oral syphilis cases in South American countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data were retrospectively collected from the records of 18 oral diagnostic services in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Venezuela, Uruguay, and Peru. Serologies of nontreponemal and treponemal tests were used for diagnosis. RESULTS: The series comprised 339 cases of acquired oral syphilis. Secondary syphilis ranked as the most common stage (86.7%). Lesions were more frequent among males (58.0%) and young adults with a mean age of 33.3 years. Individuals aged 20-29 years were most affected (35.3%). The most commonly involved sites were the tongue (31.6%), lip/labial commissure (25.1%), and hard/soft palate (20.4%). Clinically, acquired oral syphilis usually presented as mucous patches (28.4%), papules (25.7%), and ulcers (18.1%). Skin manifestations occurred in 67.7% of individuals, while lymphadenopathy and fever were observed in 61.3% and 11.6% of all subjects, respectively. Most patients were treated with the benzathine penicillin G antibiotic. CONCLUSION: This report validates the spread of acquired oral syphilis infection among young adults in South America. Our directives include accessible diagnostic tools for proper disease screening, surveillance, and counselling of affected individuals, especially in low- and middle-income countries.


Assuntos
Doenças da Boca , Sífilis , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças da Boca/diagnóstico , Doenças da Boca/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças da Boca/epidemiologia , Palato Duro , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sífilis/diagnóstico , Sífilis/tratamento farmacológico , Sífilis/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
Head Neck Pathol ; 16(1): 268-277, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185247

RESUMO

The oral lymphoepithelial cyst (OLC) is an uncommon lesion whose pathogenesis remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to report the clinicopathologic features of the OLCs and to verify a possible association between OLCs and subgemmal neurogenous plaque (SNP) in the posterior lateral region of the tongue. A retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out. A total of 106,282 biopsy records of oral and maxillofacial lesions from six oral pathology services in Brazil were analyzed. All cases of OLCs were reviewed, and clinical and histopathological data were collected. Immunohistochemical reactions for S-100 protein were performed to confirm the diagnosis of SNP. Among all lesions, there were 132 (0.11%) cases of OLCs. The series comprised 83 females (62.9%) and 49 males (37.1%), with a 1.7:1 female-to-male ratio and a mean age of 45.8 ± 17.7 years. Most cases involved the tongue (n = 80; 62.0%) and presented clinically as asymptomatic papules or nodules with a yellow or whitish color. Microscopically, most of the cysts were entirely lined by parakeratinized stratified epithelium (n = 89; 67.4%) and filled with desquamated cells, keratin debris, amorphous eosinophilic material, and inflammatory cells in varying amounts. Connection with the epithelium of oral mucosa was observed in 18 cases (13.6%). SNP was found in 9/80 (11.2%) cases involving the tongue. The clinical and demographic features of OLCs were similar to those described in previous studies. Overall, this lesion has a predilection for the posterior region of the tongue of female adults. Clinicians must include the OLC in the differential diagnosis of yellow/white papules and nodules of the oral cavity.


Assuntos
Cistos , Úlceras Orais , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteínas S100
6.
Gerodontology ; 38(4): 445-448, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786758

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report a rare case of intraoral extensive blue nevus in an elder patient. BACKGROUND: Oral blue nevi is a well-recognised skin melanocytic neoplasm that rarely occurs in the oral cavity and may mimic melanoma in the early stages. METHODS: An incisional biopsy was performed, and the diagnosis was blue nevus. CONCLUSION: Both the clinician and pathologist must be aware of such a presentation to diagnose and treat appropriately.


Assuntos
Melanoma , Neoplasias Bucais , Nevo Azul , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Idoso , Biópsia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Nevo Azul/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico
7.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 548-557, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of oral and maxillofacial mature T/NK-cell neoplasms is challenging because of their rarity, morphological heterogeneity and complex immunophenotype with scarce available data describing their clinical and microscopic aspects. Therefore, in this study, we investigated a series of mature T/NK-cell neoplasms affecting this anatomical region and provided an updated literature review. METHODS: Cases diagnosed as mature T/NK-cell lymphomas affecting the oral and maxillofacial region were retrospectively retrieved from six pathology files and their diagnoses were confirmed using haematoxylin and eosin-stained slides, immunohistochemical reactions and in situ hybridization for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) detection. Patients' clinical data were collected from their pathology forms. RESULTS: A total of 22 cases were included in this study. Eleven (50%) consisted of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas, nasal type; eight (36.4%) were peripheral T-cell lymphomas, NOS; two (9.1%) were adult T-cell leukaemia/lymphomas, and one (4.5%) was an ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Overall, males predominated, with a mean age of 55.7 years. The palate was the most affected site (50%), and tumours usually presented as destructive and painful ulcers. EBV was present in all cases of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma nasal type but was absent in the other subtypes. CONCLUSION: Among mature T/NK-cell lymphomas of the oral and maxillofacial region, extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type and peripheral T-cell lymphoma, NOS predominated. Older men were the most affected patients, and this heterogeneous group of neoplasms has a very aggressive clinical behaviour.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK , Linfoma de Células T Periférico , Adulto , Idoso , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Oral Oncol ; 120: 105266, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33810988

RESUMO

The malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) is a rare, aggressive malignant tumor that usually develops in the context of neurofibromatosis type 1. In the oral cavity, these tumors are excelling rare, especially in intraosseous sites. Herein, we report an unusual presentation of intraosseous MPNST affecting the mandible posterior region in a 28-year-old male without neurofibromatosis type 1 discovered as an incidental find on imaging exam. CT scan evaluation showed a solitary, well-defined, round hypodense lesion in the posterior mandibular region extending from tooth 45 to 46. Microscopic evaluation showed a tumor composed of atypical spindle-shaped cells arranged in fascicles and a storiform pattern. Tumor cells were positive for S-100 protein. Epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), pan-cytokeratin AE1/AE3, desmin, alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), HMB-45, MART-1, MUC4, and CD56 were negative. The diagnosis was low-grade MPNST. The patient underwent wide surgical resection of the tumor. After three years of follow-up, the patient remained with no evidence of recurrence or metastatic disease. When an intraosseous neurogenic tumor is suspected based on radiological characteristics, despite the apparent benign nature, an incisional biopsy is mandatory to rule out malignancy before treatment planning to avoid inadequate conservative treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Bainha Neural , Neurofibrossarcoma , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Neoplasias de Bainha Neural/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias de Bainha Neural/cirurgia , Neurofibromatose 1 , Neurofibrossarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurofibrossarcoma/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
9.
Oral Oncol ; 120: 105257, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33722494

RESUMO

Leiomyosarcoma is a rare type of cancer that affects smooth muscle tissue. Leiomyosarcomas are exceedingly rare in the oral cavity, particularly in the buccal mucosa. The diagnosis is challenging due to non-specific clinical features and significant overlap of morphological findings with several spindle cell tumors. We reported the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features of a rare recurrent case of leiomyosarcoma in a 73-year-old female presenting clinically as a painful nodule on the posterior right buccal mucosa. Microscopically, the lesion showed atypical spindle cells arranged in a fascicular pattern and frequent mitotic figures. Immunohistochemistry showed strong positivity for vimentin, α-SMA, HHF35, h-caldesmon, and focal positivity for desmin. CD34 highlighted numerous blood vessels distributed throughout all tumor stroma. S-100 protein, myogenin, and pan-cytokeratin (AE1/AE3) were negative. Surgical excision followed by chemotherapy was carried out, and no recurrence was observed after 1 year of follow-up. Careful histopathological and immunohistochemistry analysis of these lesions is essential to ensure a correct diagnosis. Early surgical excision with tumor-free margins and prolonged follow-up is strongly recommended.


Assuntos
Leiomiossarcoma , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Leiomiossarcoma/cirurgia , Mucosa Bucal/patologia
10.
Oral Oncol ; 117: 105215, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33602577

RESUMO

Pleomorphic lipomas are extremely rare in the oral cavity. Due to the significant overlap of morphological findings with several benign and malignant soft tissue tumors, especially in the absence of adipocytes, the diagnosis is challenging. We reported the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features of an uncommon case of a fat-free variant of pleomorphic lipoma in a 48-year-old female presenting clinically as a painless nodule on the buccal mucosa. Microscopically, the lesion showed atypical spindle cells, numerous floret-like giant multinucleated cells, and abundant ropey collagen fibers bundles. Immunohistochemistry showed strong positivity for vimentin and CD34. Mast cell tryptase highlighted numerous mast cells distributed throughout all tumor stroma. S-100 protein, pan-cytokeratin, desmin, α-SMA, EMA, CD68, STAT6, Bcl-2, MDM2, and CDK4 were negative. Conservative surgical excision was carried out, and no recurrence was observed after 13 months of follow-up. Careful histopathological and immunohistochemistry analysis of these lesions is recommended to ensure the correct diagnosis and provide adequate management through a conservative surgical approach. To the best of our knowledge, this is the second case of fat-free pleomorphic lipoma in the oral cavity.


Assuntos
Lipoma , Mucosa Bucal , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Lipoma/diagnóstico , Lipoma/metabolismo , Lipoma/patologia , Lipoma/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucosa Bucal/metabolismo , Mucosa Bucal/patologia
11.
Int J Surg Pathol ; 29(3): 263-272, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32734791

RESUMO

Mucosal melanomas are aggressive tumors, rarely observed in the oral cavity. The diagnosis is based on the clinical and microscopical features. Often these tumors had variable amounts of melanin pigmentation. However, when melanin is absent, the tumors are denominated amelanotic, presenting a tendency to misdiagnosis and delayed treatment. The aim of this study was to describe the clinicopathologic features of a series of oral amelanotic melanomas (OAM). Records of all cases of OAM were retrospectively retrieved from oral pathology services from January 2002 to January 2019. Data regarding the clinical features, morphological aspects, immunohistochemical reactions, treatment, and follow-up status were collected. Eight cases of OAM were included, 6 in men and 2 in women (ratio of 3:1) ranging in age from 33 to 77 years (mean 53.6 years). Clinically, the tumors presented as masses or ulcerated swellings. The most common intraoral locations of the tumors were gingiva and palate. Cervical lymph node metastasis was detected in 3 patients at the first examination. All but one patient died from complications of the tumors after a mean follow-up period of 8.5 months. In conclusion, OAM is a very aggressive malignant tumor, and when melanin is absent, an immunohistochemical panel comprising S100, melan A, HMB45, and SOX10 should be performed.


Assuntos
Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico , Melanoma Amelanótico/diagnóstico , Mucosa Bucal/patologia , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Masculino , Melaninas/análise , Melanoma Amelanótico/mortalidade , Melanoma Amelanótico/patologia , Melanoma Amelanótico/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Bucais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Neoplasias Bucais/terapia , Pescoço , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Bucais , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Head Neck Pathol ; 15(1): 303-310, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32335819

RESUMO

Myofibroma (MF) is a benign mesenchymal myofibroblast-derived tumor, which occurs most frequently in children, and rarely affects the maxilla. We reported a case of an aggressive intraosseous lesion found in the maxilla of a 9-year-old female child. Intraorally, the swelling extended from tooth 12 to 16, causing displacement of teeth 13, 14, and 15. Computed tomography revealed a large osteolytic lesion causing thinning and cortical erosion. Microscopically, the lesion showed a proliferation of spindle-shaped cells, with elongated nuclei and eosinophilic cytoplasm, arranged in interlaced fascicles. The immunohistochemical analysis revealed cytoplasmic positivity for α-SMA and HHF-35, and negativity for desmin, laminin, S-100, ß-catenin, and CD34. Ki-67 was positive in 8% of tumor cells. The diagnosis was MF. Herein, we describe an additional case of central MF arising in the maxilla, including clinical, imaging, microscopical, and immunohistochemical features, as well as a review of the literature.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Maxilares/patologia , Miofibroma/patologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos
13.
Head Neck Pathol ; 15(2): 523-531, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044721

RESUMO

Salivary gland tumors (SGT) represent an uncommon heterogeneous group of tumors with complex clinical and pathological characteristics. The prevalence of these lesions varies between studies but has been estimated between 3 and 6% of all tumors in the head and neck region. The present study aimed to evaluate the distribution and demographic findings of salivary gland tumors diagnosed in an oral pathology service in Mexico. A retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study was performed. A total of 164 cases of SGT from a private oral pathology service were diagnosed between 2000 and 2019 in Mexico City. All cases were reviewed histologically, and demographic data and histopathological diagnoses were collected. A total of 110 (67.1%) tumors were benign, and 54 (32.9%) were malignant. The majority of patients were female (n = 100, 61.0%) with an overall female:male ratio of 1.6:1. The minor salivary glands were affected more than the major salivary glands (68.9% vs. 25.6%). The palate (n = 67, 40.9%) was the most commonly affected site, followed by the parotid gland (n = 37, 22.6%), lips (n = 16, 9.8%), and buccal mucosa (n = 14, 8.5%). Pleomorphic adenoma (n = 88; 80.0%) and mucoepidermoid carcinoma (n = 16, 29.6%) were the most frequent benign and malignant tumors, respectively. The general features of SGT from the studied Mexican population shared some similarities and differences compared to previously reported series from various parts of the world.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
14.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(2): 210-219, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33187016

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sialolipoma is a rare histological variant of lipoma commonly misdiagnosed and composed of a proliferation of mature adipocytes with secondary entrapment of normal salivary gland tissue. The purpose of the present study is to report the clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features of 10 new cases of sialolipomas in conjunction with a review of the literature. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study was performed. A total of 54,190 biopsy records of oral and maxillofacial lesions from four oral and maxillofacial pathology services in Brazil were analysed. All cases of lipomas were reviewed, and clinical, demographic and histopathological data were collected of all cases compatible with sialolipomas. In addition, immunohistochemistry stains (AE1/AE3, CK7, 34ßE12, S-100, HHF35, α-SMA and Ki-67) and a literature review based on a search of three electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus) were performed. RESULTS: Among all lipomas reviewed, there were 10 cases of sialolipomas. The series comprised of 7 females (70.0%) and 3 males (30.0%), with a mean age of 46.1 ± 21.5 years (range: 11-71 years) and a 2.3:1 female-to-male ratio. The lower lip (n = 3, 30.0%) and tongue (n = 2, 20.0%) were the most common locations, presenting clinically as a nodule of slow growth and normal colour. Conservative surgical excision was the treatment in all cases. No recurrence was observed. CONCLUSION: Sialolipomas are a rare histological variant of lipoma, affecting the salivary glands, mainly in the parotid gland and palate of female adults. Pathologists must recognise sialolipomas to avoid misdiagnoses with other lipomatous tumours that can affect salivary glands.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares , Glândulas Salivares Menores , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
15.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 32: 102003, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916330

RESUMO

Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) results in progressive destruction of the jawbones, and advanced cases demand surgical intervention. The total removal of necrotic bone is required to prevent recurrence and infection. However, determining the limits between necrotic and healthy bone is a challenge. The use of fluorescence to detect tissue alterations and determine necrosis extension is a promising method to avoid inadequate bone debridement. In the literature, there are several studies and reported cases that successfully use fluorescence-guided surgery (FGS) of MRONJ. The objective of this study was to present a critical review of the literature regarding the intraoperative use of optic fluorescence to differentiate healthy and necrotic bone in MRONJ. Studies that evaluated the intraoperative use of optic fluorescence to determine the surgical margins of MRONJ were searched in Pubmed/Medline and Scopus databases using the following terms: "medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws" and "fluorescence". Eighteen papers describing the intraoperative use of FGS in ONJ management were selected, totalizing 218 patients. Of those 18 papers, only 5 were prospective studies, and the other 13 were isolated case reports, case series, and technical notes. The use of FGS to delimitate the resection margin of MRONJ is a promising method. There is no need for the application of exogenous fluorophore to perform FGS and the most often used light device was the VELScope® system. Further prospective studies with larger samples are still required to ascertain the fluorescence validity as a supporting method in MRONJ surgical treatment and to establish clinical protocols.


Assuntos
Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos , Fotoquimioterapia , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/cirurgia , Difosfonatos , Humanos , Arcada Osseodentária , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
Gerodontology ; 37(3): 303-306, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32809256

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report a case of gingival squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in an elderly patient mimicking a non-neoplastic proliferative lesion. BACKGROUND: Oral SCC is a well-recognised malignancy of the oral cavity that may mimic benign reactive proliferative processes. METHODS: An excisional biopsy was performed, and the diagnosis was gingival SCC. CONCLUSION: It is essential that both the clinician and pathologist to be aware of such a presentation to allow for proper diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Gengivais , Idoso , Biópsia , Humanos
17.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 25(4): e516-e522, jul. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-196505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Salivary gland tumors (SGT) correspond to a heterogeneous group of lesions with variable biological behavior. The present study aimed to determine the distribution and demographic findings of salivary gland neoplasms in a northeast Brazilian population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study was performed. A total of 588 cases of SGT were diagnosed between 2006 and 2016 of 4 pathology services in the state of Sergipe, Brazil. All cases were reviewed, and data such as sex, age, anatomical location, and histopathological diagnosis were collected. RESULTS: A total of 470 (79.9%) tumors were benign and 118 (20.1%) were malignant. The majority of the patients were females (n = 328, 55.8%) with an overall female: male ratio of 1.2:1. The major salivary glands were affected more than the minor glands (69.5% vs. 30.5%). Pleomorphic adenoma (n = 419, 71.3%) and mucoepidermoid carcinoma (n = 29, 4.9%) were the most frequent benign and malignant tumors, respectively. In addition, both benign and malignant tumors occurred more frequently in the parotid gland (n = 300, 51%, p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The epidemiologic profile and clinical characteristics of SGT were similar to those described in other countries and other regions of Brazil. Epidemiological studies of SGT help to understand their clinical and pathological features and are essential to establish the proper management and prognosis


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/epidemiologia , Carcinoma/epidemiologia , Adenoma Pleomorfo/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Transversais , Distribuição por Idade e Sexo , Brasil/epidemiologia
18.
Autops. Case Rep ; 10(1): 2020140, Jan.-Mar. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087667

RESUMO

Hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) is a rare genetic condition characterized by slow and progressive gingival enlargement. The gingival overgrowth often delays teeth eruption and may cause serious functional and aesthetic problems. We reported a case of a 10-year-old female child presenting a generalized gingival enlargement covering almost all the maxillary and mandibular teeth and resulted in problems for swallowing, speaking, and poor aesthetics. An incisional biopsy was performed and revealed a hypocellular and hypovascular dense collagenous tissue covered by squamous epithelium exhibiting acanthosis and elongated rete ridges. The diagnosis was HGF. The treatment instituted was an association of gingivectomy with a rigorous program of oral hygiene and follow-up. Herein, we describe a rare non-syndromic case of generalized HGF, including clinical and microscopical features, as well as highlighting the importance of correct diagnosis of this genetic condition.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Criança , Fibromatose Gengival/patologia , Dentição Permanente , Gengivectomia
20.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 205: 111813, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32070823

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate in vivo the effect of laser photobiomodulation associated with a repair cement (MTA Repair HP™) on the process of bone repair in the femur of rats, through histological and histomorphometric assays. Forty Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into four groups, with two periods of euthanasia - 15 and 21 days (n = 5 per period). Under general anesthesia, a bone defect was made in the left femur of each animal. In the LS (Laser) group, the defect was irradiated following the parameters: λ = 808 nm, P = 100 mW, ED = 80 J/cm2 per point, 22 s per point, E = 2.2 J per point. In the LM (MTA Repair HP™ + Laser) group, the defect was filled with MTA Repair HP™ and irradiated with laser in the same protocol of the LS group. In the MH (MTA Repair HP™) group, the defect was filled with MTA Repair HP™ without irradiation. In the CTR (Control) group, the bone defect received no treatment. At 15 days, the mean index of bone neoformation in the defect area was significantly lower in the CTR group as compared to the MH, LS, and LM groups. At 21 days, the LM group presented significantly greater bone neoformation than the MH group, without significant difference between LS and LM. Laser photobiomodulation therapy is promising as an adjuvant in the bone repair process, especially when associated with the use of biomaterials.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis , Cimentos Ósseos , Regeneração Óssea , Fêmur/fisiologia , Lasers , Animais , Cerâmica , Masculino , Ratos Wistar
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