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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38856828

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In April 2020, the UK Government implemented NHS Test and Trace to provide SARS-CoV-2 quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) testing for the public, with nose-and-throat swabbing for samples performed by trained staff. Self-swabbing (SS) would allow rapid scale-up of testing capacity and access. Six studies were undertaken to determine whether SS was as effective for detecting SARS-CoV-2 as swabbing performed by trained staff. METHODS: Six prospective studies were conducted between April-October 2020, using six swab/media combinations. Differences between assisted swabbing (AS) and SS were evaluated for concordance, positivity, sensitivity, cycle threshold (Ct) values and void rates. Statistical analysis was performed using 95% confidence intervals (CIs), paired t-tests and model-based methods. RESULTS: Overall, 3,253 individuals were recruited (median age 37 years, 49% female), with 2,933 having valid paired qRT-PCR results. Pooled concordance rate was 98% (95% CI: 96%, 99%). Positivity rate differences for SS (8.1%) and AS (8.4%) and differences in pooled sensitivities between SS (86%; 95% CI: 78%, 92%) and AS (91%; 95% CI: 78%, 96%) were nonsignificant. Both types of swabbing led to pooled void rates below 2% and strongly correlated Ct values. Age, sex and previous swabbing experience did not have a significant impact on concordance or sensitivity. CONCLUSION: The UK adopted a policy to promote self-testing for SARS-CoV-2 based on data demonstrating equivalence of SS versus AS. Positive outcomes with SS are likely generalisable to testing for other respiratory pathogens, and we consider self-sampling and self-testing essential for future pandemic preparedness.

2.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0304139, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38814958

RESUMO

The present study aimed to assess the use of technical-tactical variables and machine learning (ML) classifiers in the automatic classification of the passing difficulty (DP) level in soccer matches and to illustrate the use of the model with the best performance to distinguish the best passing players. We compared eight ML classifiers according to their accuracy performance in classifying passing events using 35 technical-tactical variables based on spatiotemporal data. The Support Vector Machine (SVM) algorithm achieved a balanced accuracy of 0.70 ± 0.04%, considering a multi-class classification. Next, we illustrate the use of the best-performing classifier in the assessment of players. In our study, 2,522 pass actions were classified by the SVM algorithm as low (53.9%), medium (23.6%), and high difficulty passes (22.5%). Furthermore, we used successful rates in low-DP, medium-DP, and high-DP as inputs for principal component analysis (PCA). The first principal component (PC1) showed a higher correlation with high-DP (0.80), followed by medium-DP (0.73), and low-DP accuracy (0.24). The PC1 scores were used to rank the best passing players. This information can be a very rich performance indication by ranking the best passing players and teams and can be applied in offensive sequences analysis and talent identification.


Assuntos
Desempenho Atlético , Aprendizado de Máquina , Futebol , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte , Humanos , Desempenho Atlético/classificação , Análise de Componente Principal , Algoritmos
3.
Sports Biomech ; : 1-16, 2023 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37211810

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to characterise the interpersonal coordination between opponent players during offensive sequences in official matches and to verify if offensive sequences ended in shots to goal present different coordination patterns when compared than those that ended in defensive tackles. A total of 580 offensive sequences occurred during matches resulting in shots to goal (n = 172) or defensive tackles (n = 408) were analysed. The bidimensional coordinates and technical actions of male professional football players (n = 1160) were obtained using a video-based tracking system. Dyads were defined using a network analysis and composed of the nearest opponent. Interpersonal coordination of the dyads was analysed using the vector coding and the frequency for each coordination pattern was computed. In-phase was predominant for all displacement directions and offensive sequences outcomes, and antiphase was the least frequent. For lateral displacements, offensive sequences ending in shot to goal presented lower frequency for in-phase and higher frequency for offensive player phase than ended in defensive tackle. This information about the relationship of opponent players dyads during decisive moments of the matches provides fundamentals for future research and assists coaches to understand the different behaviours in successful and unsuccessful attacks.

5.
Clin Exp Allergy ; 53(6): 664-667, 2023 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36756903

RESUMO

Key Messages • In electronic health records, the accuracy of diagnostic codes to define outcomes can be uncertain • The accuracy can vary in different settings, doctors and practices, even with validated codes • We recommend definitions combining codes previously described and other codes available in the records.


Assuntos
Asma , Eczema , Rinite Alérgica , Rinite , Humanos , Coorte de Nascimento , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Eczema/diagnóstico , Asma/diagnóstico , Asma/epidemiologia , Rinite Alérgica/diagnóstico , Rinite Alérgica/epidemiologia , Prevalência
6.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 18493, 2022 11 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36323704

RESUMO

In 2019, a new rule was applied in soccer. It allows the goalkeeper to have only one foot or part of it on the goal line when the kicker hits the ball, unlike the previous rule that determined the goalkeeper should have both feet on the line. The purpose of the present study was to analyze how the change in the rule and the lower limbs laterality influences on the diving save kinematic performance in penalties. Six goalkeepers, two professionals and four amateurs, performed a total of 20 dives in the laboratory and had their force and impulse exerted by the lower limb and displacement/velocity data from the center of body mass collected through force plates and kinematic analysis. The side preference was collected through an inventory. The results showed that goalkeepers dive further (p < 0.001) and faster (p < 0.001) when diving according to the new rule. Dives for the non-dominant side presented higher values than the trials for the dominant side in mediolateral (p = 0.02) and resultant (p = 0.03) displacements. Concluding, the goalkeepers performed better with the new rule in the analyzed variables and the lower limb preference has influenced only the mediolateral and resultant displacement.


Assuntos
Mergulho , Futebol , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Lateralidade Funcional
7.
Sci Med Footb ; 6(4): 483-493, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36412184

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Usually, the players' or teams' efficiency to perform passes is measured in terms of accuracy. The degree of difficulty of this action has been overlooked in the literature. OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to classify the degree of passing difficulty in soccer matches and to identify and to discuss the variables that most explain the passing difficulty using spatiotemporal data. RESULTS: The data used corresponds to 2,856 passes and 32 independent variables. The Fisher Discriminant Analysis presented 72.0% of the original grouped cases classified correctly. The passes analyzed were classified as low (56.5%), medium (22.6%), and high difficulty (20.9%), and we identified 16 variables that best explain the degree of passing difficulty related to the passing receiver, ball trajectory, pitch position and passing player. CONCLUSIONS: The merit and ability of the player to perform passes with high difficulty should be valued and can be used to rank the best players and teams.In addition, the highlighted variables should be looked carefully by coaches when analyzing profiles, strengths and weaknesses of players and teams, and talent identification context. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: The values found for each variable can be used as a reference for planning training, such as small side games, and in future research.


Assuntos
Desempenho Atlético , Futebol , Aptidão , Análise Discriminante , Coleta de Dados
8.
Rev. baiana saúde pública ; 45(3,supl.n.esp): 39-47, 28 dec. 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352323

RESUMO

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) assumes that high pressure hyperoxygenation causes faster tissue recovery and wound healing. Lower extremity flow rates are affected by leg ulcers that change vasodilation, microcirculation resistance, and local tissue demands; how blood hyper oxygenation influences these factors is still unclear. Peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) has been mostly associated with HBOT results in the femoral artery than in other arteries. Common femoral artery (CFA) peak systolic velocities (PSV), measured pre and post HBOT, were analyzed to research HBOT hemodynamics. Sixteen patients with leg ulcers who were 65 ± 11 (SD) (38-87) years-old, had HBOT of 90 minutes at 2.6 ATA. Bilateral CFA Doppler velocity waveforms were recorded immediately pre and post HBOT. Ulcerated vs non-ulcerated peak systolic velocity (PSV) data were compared using paired t-test. CFA PSV were significantly equal in the ulcerated and non-ulcerated extremities before HBOT: 114 ± 35 (SD) cm/s vs 116 ± 41 cm/s (p = 0.87 by paired t-test). CFA PSV in the ulcerated extremity increased to 122 ± 35 cm/s after HBOT but were statistically insignificant (p =.19 by one-tailed paired t-test). On the other hand, CFA PSV decreased to 103 ± 28 cm/s (p =.049 by one-tailed paired t-test) in the non-ulcerated extremity and were significantly lower after HBOT, with 103 ± 28 cm/s vs 122 ± 35 cm/s for the ulcerated limb (p =.02 by paired t-test). Blood velocity responses post HBOT showed differences between ulcerated vs non-ulcerated extremities. The non-ulcerated extremity apparently responded to oxygenation more than the ulcerated extremity. Such observation suggests further research on hemodynamic reactions caused by HBOT.


A oxigenoterapia hiperbárica (HbOT) assume que a oxigenação de alta pressão resulta em mais celeridade na recuperação do tecido e na cicatrização de feridas. As taxas de fluxo nas extremidades inferiores são afetadas por úlceras nas pernas que alteram a vasodilatação, a resistência da microcirculação e as demandas locais de tecido; esses fatores podem ser influenciados pela hiperoxigenação sanguínea de maneiras ainda não claramente compreendidas. A doença arterial oclusiva periférica femoral (DAOP) tem sido associada a melhores resultados de HBOT quando comparada a outras artérias. As velocidades sistólicas de pico (PSV) da artéria femoral comum (CFA) medidas antes e depois da HBOT foram analisadas como parte de um projeto de pesquisa da hemodinâmica da HBOT. Dezesseis pacientes com úlceras de perna, com idade 65 ± 11 (DP), 38-87 anos, realizaram HBOT com duração de 90 minutos a 2,6 ATA. As formas de onda de velocidade do Doppler CFA bilateral foram registradas imediatamente antes e depois da HBOT. Os dados de PSV ulcerado vs. não ulcerado foram comparados usando o teste t pareado. Pre HBOT CFA PSV não foi significativamente diferente nas extremidades ulceradas e não ulceradas: 114 ± 35 (DP) cm/s vs 116 ± 41 cm/s (p = 0,87 pelo teste t pareado). O PSV pós HbOT CFA na extremidade ulcerada aumentou para 122 ± 35 cm/s, mas não atingiu significância estatística (p = 0,19 pelo teste t pareado unicaudal). Em contraste, CFA PSV na extremidade não ulcerada diminuiu para 103 ± 28 cm/s (p = 0,049 pelo teste t pareado unicaudal). O pós-HbOT CFA PSV foi significativamente menor no membro não ulcerado, 103 ± 28 cm/s vs 122 ± 35 cm/s para o membro ulcerado (p = 0,02 pelo teste t pareado). As respostas da velocidade do sangue após HbOT mostraram diferenças entre as extremidades ulceradas e não ulceradas. Aparentemente, a extremidade não ulcerada respondeu mais significativamente à oxigenação do que a extremidade ulcerada. Tal observação sugere pesquisas adicionais sobre as reações hemodinâmicas decorrentes da HbOT.


La terapia de oxígeno hiperbárico (HbOT) asume que la hiperoxigenación a alta presión da como resultado una recuperación más rápida de los tejidos y una cicatrización de heridas. Las tasas de flujo de las extremidades inferiores se ven afectadas por úlceras en las piernas que alteran la vasodilatación, la resistencia de la microcirculación y las demandas de los tejidos locales; estos factores pueden verse influenciados por la hiperoxigenación de la sangre, de formas que aún no se han entendido con claridad. La enfermedad oclusiva arterial periférica femoral (PAOD) se ha relacionado con los mejores resultados de HbOT que otras arterias. Las velocidades sistólicas máximas (PSV) de la arteria femoral común (CFA) medidas antes y después de la HbOT se analizaron como parte de un proyecto para investigar la hemodinámica de la HbOT. Dieciséis pacientes con úlceras en pierna, 65 ± 11 (DE) (38-87) años, 12 hombres, 11 diabéticos, tenían HbOT de 90 minutos a 2,6 ATA. Se registraron formas de onda de velocidad de CFA Doppler bilaterales inmediatamente antes y después de la HbOT. Se compararon los datos de la velocidad sistólica máxima (PSV) ulcerada frente a la no ulcerada mediante la prueba t pareada. Pre HbOT CFA PSV no fue significativamente diferente en las extremidades ulceradas y no ulceradas: 114 ± 35 (DE) cm/s vs 116 ± 41 cm/s (p = 0,87 por prueba t pareada). Post HbOT CFA PSV en la extremidad ulcerada aumentó a 122 ± 35 cm/s pero no alcanzó significación estadística (p =.19 por prueba t unilateral pareada). En contraste, CFA PSV en la extremidad no ulcerada disminuyó a 103 ± 28 cm/s (p =.049 por prueba t unilateral pareada). El PSV después de la HbOT CFA fue significativamente menor en la extremidad no ulcerada, 103 ± 28 cm/s frente a 122 ± 35 cm/s para la extremidad ulcerada (p = 0,02 según la prueba t pareada). Las respuestas de velocidad sanguínea post HbOT mostraron diferencias entre las extremidades ulceradas y no ulceradas. Aparentemente, la extremidad no ulcerada respondió más significativamente a la oxigenación que la extremidad ulcerada. Tal observación sugiere una mayor investigación sobre las reacciones hemodinámicas debidas a la HbOT.


Assuntos
Artéria Femoral , Oxigenoterapia Hiperbárica , Perna (Membro) , Úlcera da Perna
9.
Front Psychol ; 12: 725097, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34489829

RESUMO

This study had the purpose of analyzing dominant and non-dominant limb performances (frequency of use and accuracy) during match-play technical actions with ball possession (receiving, passing, and shooting a ball) in professional futsal and also check for the possible influence of playing position and the quality of opponent. We have analyzed data pertaining to eight matches of the FIFA Futsal World Cup Thailand 2012™ in which 76 male professional senior futsal players participated (44 right-footed and 32 left-footed). In total, we coded 5,856 actions (2,550 ball receptions, 3,076 passes, and 230 shoots). Our main findings were that (a) players used the dominant limb more frequently than the non-dominant limb for all actions considered [p < 0.001; effect size (ES) medium-to-large]; (b) accuracy was generally greater when using the dominant limb, regardless of the quality of opponent (p < 0.01; ES large); and (c) in shooting actions, pivots showed similar accuracy between dominant and non-dominant limbs (p = 0.51; ES small). The study suggested that when completing technical actions with the ball in futsal, high-level players depended to a greater extent on the use of their dominant lower limb during official matches. Excepting a similarity detected between limbs on shooting performance of pivots, players from all positional roles generally showed a higher accuracy rate in receiving, passing, and shooting a ball when using their dominant limb as compared to their non-dominant one during match-play and the limb usage and accuracy seemed to be independent of the quality of opponents.

10.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0256771, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469462

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate different shape descriptors applied to images of polygons that represent the organization of football teams on the pitch. The effectiveness of different shape descriptors (area/perimeter, fractal area, circularity, maximum fractal, rectangularity, multiscale fractal curve-MFC), and the concatenation of all shape descriptors (except MFC), denominated Alldescriptors (AllD)) was evaluated and applied to polygons corresponding to the shapes represented by the convex hull obtained from players' 2D coordinates. A content-based image retrieval system (CBIR) was applied for 25 users (mean age of 31.9 ± 8.4 years) to evaluate the relevant images. Measures of effectiveness were used to evaluate the shape descriptors (P@n and R@n). The MFD (P@5, 0.46±0.37 and P@10, 0.40±0.31, p < 0.001; R@5, 0.14±0.13 and R@10, 0.24±0.19, p < 0.001) and AllD (P@5 = 0.43±0.36 and P@10 = 0.39±0.32, p < 0.001; R@5 = 0.13±0.11 and R@10 = 0.24±0.20, p < 0.001) descriptors presented higher values of effectiveness. As a practical demonstration, the best evaluated shape descriptor (MFC) was applied for tactical analysis of an official match. K-means clustering technique was applied, and different shapes of organization could be identified throughout the match. The MFC was the most effective shape descriptor in relation to all others, making it possible to apply this descriptor in the analysis of professional football matches.


Assuntos
Modelos Teóricos , Futebol , Adulto , Atletas , Brasil , Análise de Dados , Fractais , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Masculino , Software , Gravação em Vídeo , Adulto Jovem
11.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 18209, 2021 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521897

RESUMO

Dominant regions are defined as regions of the pitch where a player can reach before any other and are commonly determined without considering the free-spaces in the pitch. We presented an approach to football players' dominant regions analysis, based on movement models created from players' positions, displacement, velocity, and acceleration vectors. 109 Brazilian male professional football players were analysed during official matches, computing over 15 million positional data obtained by video-based tracking system. Movement models were created based on players' instantaneous vectorial kinematics variables, then probabilities models and dominant regions were determined. Accuracy in determining dominant regions by the proposed model was tested for different time-lag windows. We calculated the areas of dominant, free-spaces, and Voronoi regions. Mean correct predictions of dominant region were 96.56%, 88.64%, and 72.31% for one, two, and three seconds, respectively. Dominant regions areas were lower than the ones computed by Voronoi, with median values of 73 and 171 m2, respectively. A median value of 5537 m2 was presented for free-space regions, representing a large part of the pitch. The proposed movement model proved to be more realistic, representing the match dynamics and can be a useful method to evaluate the players' tactical behaviours during matches.

12.
Clin Exp Allergy ; 51(11): 1438-1448, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34363720

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Higher risks of asthma have been observed in children with prenatal exposure to antibiotics and during early life compared with those who have not. However, the causality of such associations is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether exposure to antibiotics in early life had a causal effect in increasing the risk of asthma in children diagnosed at 5-8 years of life, and the impact in the target population. METHODS: Data were from electronic health records and questionnaires for children and their mothers in the Born in Bradford birth cohort. Exposure variables were prescriptions of systemic antibiotics to the mother during pregnancy (prenatal) and to the children at 0-24 months of life (postnatal). We assessed the association in 12,476 children with several approaches to deal with different sources of bias (triangulation): the interactions with mother's ethnicity, mode of delivery, and between prenatal and postnatal exposures; dose-response; and estimated the population attributable risk. RESULTS: There was an association between prenatal exposure at 7-27 days before the child's birth and asthma (adjusted OR = 1.40; 1.05, 1.87), but no association with the negative control exposure (before pregnancy) (adjusted OR = 0.99 (0.88, 1.12)). For postnatal exposure, the adjusted OR was 2.00 (1.71, 2.34), and for sibling analysis, it was 1.99 (1.00, 3.93). For postnatal exposure, the risk of asthma increased with the number of prescriptions. The observed effect of both exposures was lower among children with mothers of Pakistani ethnicity, but inconclusive (p > .25). The interaction between prenatal and postnatal exposures was also inconclusive (p = .287). The population attributable risk of postnatal exposure for asthma was 4.6% (0.1% for prenatal). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the associations between both late-pregnancy prenatal exposure to antibiotics and postnatal exposure to antibiotics and an increased risk of asthma are plausible and consistent with a causal effect.


Assuntos
Asma , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Asma/induzido quimicamente , Asma/etiologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Mães , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/induzido quimicamente , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
13.
Neural Netw ; 136: 87-96, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33453522

RESUMO

In this paper, we propose Stacked DeBERT, short for StackedDenoising Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers. This novel model improves robustness in incomplete data, when compared to existing systems, by designing a novel encoding scheme in BERT, a powerful language representation model solely based on attention mechanisms. Incomplete data in natural language processing refer to text with missing or incorrect words, and its presence can hinder the performance of current models that were not implemented to withstand such noises, but must still perform well even under duress. This is due to the fact that current approaches are built for and trained with clean and complete data, and thus are not able to extract features that can adequately represent incomplete data. Our proposed approach consists of obtaining intermediate input representations by applying an embedding layer to the input tokens followed by vanilla transformers. These intermediate features are given as input to novel denoising transformers which are responsible for obtaining richer input representations. The proposed approach takes advantage of stacks of multilayer perceptrons for the reconstruction of missing words' embeddings by extracting more abstract and meaningful hidden feature vectors, and bidirectional transformers for improved embedding representation. We consider two datasets for training and evaluation: the Chatbot Natural Language Understanding Evaluation Corpus and Kaggle's Twitter Sentiment Corpus. Our model shows improved F1-scores and better robustness in informal/incorrect texts present in tweets and in texts with Speech-to-Text error in the sentiment and intent classification tasks.1.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Factuais/classificação , Processamento de Linguagem Natural , Redes Neurais de Computação , Fala/classificação , Humanos , Idioma
14.
Sci Med Footb ; 5(2): 111-120, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35077335

RESUMO

Aim: The main purpose of the study was to investigate kicking kinematics and performance in young-trained soccer players according to age, playing status, and biological maturity.Methods: Youth male soccer players (N = 105) from five age groups (under-11, under-13, under-15, under-17, and under-20) were evaluated. Four digital video cameras (300 Hz) captured the participants' lower extremity and ball kinematics during penalty kick trials using dominant limb.Results: It was possible to identify non-linear differences in angular joint kinematics (displacement and velocity) of hip, knee and ankle across age-groups. Kicked ball speed and lower extremity mechanical factors discriminated among under-15 players with distinct status (e.g., ball speed and foot-to-ball speed ratio: starters > non-starters and non-participating substitutes; effect size = 1.05 to 1.49 [large]). Estimated maturity offset was not correlated with performance outputs in any age-group (r = -0.28 to 0.39; P > 0.05).Conclusion: We conclude that from ages ~10 to 19 years, differences in kicking kinematics and performance vary across time in youth players. Transition phase between under-13 to under-15 appears the most sensible period for powerful instep kick performance development. Kicking speed in youth soccer is discriminated according to player status, but not estimated biological maturity.


Assuntos
Futebol , Adolescente , Adulto , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Criança , , Humanos , Joelho , Extremidade Inferior , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
15.
Motrivivência (Florianópolis) ; 32(63): [1-18], Jul. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1148053

RESUMO

Considerando a onipresença das tecnologias digitais atualmente e o massivo consumo destas por escolares, este estudo objetiva descrever e discutir os achados de uma revisão exploratória do conhecimento sobre a abordagem do tema saúde na Educação Física escolar que consideram os dispositivos/aplicativos tecnológicos. Trata-se de uma revisão não sistemática e investiga a literatura acadêmica da Educação Física considerando periódicos reconhecidamente relevantes que dialoguem diretamente com a educação. A busca centrou-se nos termos "escola", "tecnologia" e "saúde", sendo o diálogo na esfera escolar o principal critério de inclusão. Os achados apontam para 20 publicações que foram organizadas em categorias temáticas: a) tecnologia e suas implicações pedagógicas; b) monitoramento e uso de dados, um debate ético e; c) jogos digitais e tecnologias móveis. Destacam-se debates centrados em implicações pedagógicas de usos tecnológicos pelos professores, além de aspectos vinculados à exibição de si, quantificação de si e gamificação da vida pelos alunos.


Considering the ubiquity of digital technologies today and the massive consumption of these by schoolchildren, this study aims to describe and discuss the findings of an exploratory review of knowledge on the approach to health in school Physical Education that consider technological devices / applications. It is a non-systematic review and investigates the academic literature of Physical Education considering periodically relevant journals that dialogue directly with education. The search focused on the terms "school", "technology" and "health", with dialogue in the school sphere being the main inclusion criterion. The findings point to 20 publications that were organized into thematic categories: a) technology and its pedagogical implications; b) monitoring and use of data, an ethical debate and; c) digital games and mobile technologies. There are debates centered on the pedagogical implications of technological uses by teachers, in addition to aspects linked to self-display, self-quantification and gamification of life by students.


Considerando la ubicuidad de las tecnologías digitales actualmente y el consumo masivo por parte de jóvenes escolares, este estudio objetivo describe y discute los resultados de una revisión exploratoria del conocimiento sobre lo tema salud en la educación física escolar que considera los dispositivos/aplicaciones tecnológicas. Es una revisión no sistemática e investiga la literatura académica de Educación Física considerando publicaciones relevantes que dialogan directamente con la educación. La búsqueda se centró en los términos "escuela", "tecnología" y "salud", siendo el diálogo escolar el principal criterio inclusivo. Los hallazgos apuntan a 20 publicaciones que se organizaron en categorías: a) tecnología y sus implicaciones pedagógicas; b)monitoreo y uso de datos, un debate ético y; c)juegos digitales y tecnologías móviles. Hay debates centrados en las implicaciones pedagógicas de los usos tecnológicos de los docentes, además de los aspectos vinculados a la autoexposición, la auto cuantificación y la gamificación de la vida de los estudiantes.

16.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 14(4): e0008264, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32339199

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Zika virus (ZIKV) has been associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) in epidemiological studies. Whether ZIKV-associated GBS is related to a specific clinical or electrophysiological phenotype has not been established. To this end, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of all published studies on ZIKV-related GBS. METHODS: We searched Pubmed, EMBASE and LILACS, and included all papers, reports or bulletins with full text in English, Spanish or Portuguese, reporting original data of patients with GBS and a suspected, probable or confirmed recent ZIKV infection. Data were extracted according to a predefined protocol, and pooled proportions were calculated. RESULTS: Thirty-five studies were included (13 single case reports and 22 case series, case-control or cohort studies), reporting on a total of 601 GBS patients with a suspected, probable or confirmed ZIKV infection. Data from 21 studies and 587 cases were available to be summarized. ZIKV infection was confirmed in 21%, probable in 22% and suspected in 57% of cases. ZIKV PCR was positive in 30% (95%CI 15-47) of tested patients. The most common clinical features were: limb weakness 97% (95%CI 93-99), diminished/absent reflexes 96% (95%CI 88-100), sensory symptoms 82% (95%CI 76-88), and facial palsy 51% (95%CI 44-58). Median time between infectious and neurological symptoms was 5-12 days. Most cases had a demyelinating electrophysiological subtype and half of cases were admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Heterogeneity between studies was moderate to substantial for most variables. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical phenotype of GBS associated with ZIKV infection reported in literature is generally a sensorimotor demyelinating GBS with frequent facial palsy and a severe disease course often necessitating ICU admittance. Time between infectious and neurological symptoms and negative PCR in most cases suggests a post-infectious disease mechanism. Heterogeneity between studies was considerable and results may be subject to reporting bias. This study was registered on the international Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (CRD42018081959).


Assuntos
Doenças Desmielinizantes/patologia , Fenômenos Eletrofisiológicos , Síndrome de Guillain-Barré/patologia , Infecção por Zika virus/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
17.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0230513, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32182266

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to analyze the time series of team spread during futsal official matches in the frequency domain for different categories. Using an automatic tracking method, trajectories of 258 players (excluding goalkeepers) were obtained, composed of 79 players from the under-15 (U15) category, 86 from the under-18 (U18), and 93 from the professional. We calculated the team spread defined as the Euclidean norm of the distance-between-player vector as a function of time. We applied the Fast Fourier Transformation method and calculated the median frequency for each time series of spread. The results of mean ± SD of the median frequency of the time series of spread from the first to the second half were significantly different only for the U15 category (first half, 1.04 ± 0.46, second half 1.40 ± 0.34). The frequency values differed significantly between the categories. The younger categories presented a higher frequency of spread oscillation than the professional category, which reflects the dynamics of the game between attack and defense sequences. The results provide insights into the features of the sport and present a basis for appropriate training interventions for players in each category, planning for future transition to the following category.


Assuntos
Desempenho Atlético , Análise de Fourier , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Futebol , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Estudos de Tempo e Movimento
18.
J Vasc Surg Cases Innov Tech ; 6(1): 46-49, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32072086

RESUMO

A 50-year-old woman was referred to the noninvasive vascular laboratory for carotid artery evaluation because of a bruit in the neck. Color Doppler ultrasound examination demonstrated absence of the right common carotid artery and parallel internal and external carotid arteries originating at the brachiocephalic trunk. Computed tomography angiography further described anomalous anatomy, demonstrating a common origin of the innominate artery and left common carotid artery. Knowledge of such unusual anatomy may become valuable in future evaluation or treatment of this patient.

19.
Res Sports Med ; 28(3): 339-350, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31973582

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was two-step: (1) classify ball possession (BP) according to the duration and number of passes and (2) identify which tactical variables most discriminate the different BP. We obtained 527 BPs from four official matches of the Brazilian Soccer Championship 2016. Forty-one "notational", "space occupation", and "displacement synchronization" predictor variables were used. The BPs were classified into three groups: short (11.07 ± 4.49 s, 1.93 ± 0.99 passes), medium (26.83 ± 7.33 s, 5.41 ± 1.84 passes), long (55.50 ± 14.97 s, 12.11 ± 4.61 passes). Discriminant analysis identified the five most relevant variables to describe each group: coefficient of variation (CV) of the defensive team's synchronization-Y, CV defensive team´s synchronization-X, successful pass last third, CV distance between offensive team's centroid and target, mean of the offensive team's width. The approach highlights important variables and could benefit the description of offensive and defensive game sequences to provide precise knowledge on the process.


Assuntos
Desempenho Atlético , Comportamento Competitivo , Futebol , Brasil , Processos Grupais , Humanos , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
20.
J Vasc Bras ; 19: e20190139, 2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34211508

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lower limb edema has both systemic and local causes. Using software to differentiate the origin of edema in ultrasound images is an innovation. OBJECTIVE: To determine the parameters for using software to differentiate edema of venous and/or lymphatic origin in ultrasound images of the lower limbs. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional, quantitative, analytical study with non-probabilistic sampling by convenience. Data were collected by patient interview, physical examination, ultrasound examination, and analysis of software for tissue characterization in ultrasound image by means of quantification of echogenicity and Gray Scale Median (GSM). RESULTS: The sample comprised 42 lower limbs with venous edema, 35 with lymphatic edema, 14 with mixed edema, and 11 control limbs. The distributions of pixels in echogenicity intervals by group was as follows. In the venous edema group, 88.31% were distributed from hypoechogenic interval IV to echogenic interval III; in the lymphatic edema group 71.73% were from hypoechogenic interval II to echogenic interval I; in the mixed edema group 76.17% were from hypoechogenic interval III to echogenic interval II; and in the control group 84.87% were distributed from echogenic interval II to hyperechogenic interval I. Mean and standard deviation of GSM values showed statistical differences between groups. CONCLUSION: The CATUS software enabled differentiation of the type of lower limb edema, facilitating diagnosis of edema type and, consequently, choice of the best therapeutic option.

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