Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 231
Filtrar
1.
BMC Med Imaging ; 20(1): 25, 2020 03 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32122345

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnostic performance of 18F-sodium fluoride positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) (NaF), 18F-fluorocholine PET/CT (FCH) and diffusion-weighted whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) in detecting bone metastases in prostate cancer (PCa) patients with first biochemical recurrence (BCR) has already been published, but their cost-effectiveness in this indication have never been compared. METHODS: We performed trial-based and model-based economic evaluations. In the trial, PCa patients with first BCR after previous definitive treatment were prospectively included. Imaging readings were performed both on-site by local specialists and centrally by experts. The economic evaluation extrapolated the diagnostic performances of the imaging techniques using a combination of a decision tree and Markov model based on the natural history of PCa. The health states were non-metastatic and metastatic BCR, non-metastatic and metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and death. The state-transition probabilities and utilities associated with each health state were derived from the literature. Real costs were extracted from the National Cost Study of hospital costs and the social health insurance cost schedule. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in diagnostic performance among the 3 imaging modalities in detecting bone metastases. FCH was the most cost-effective imaging modality above a threshold incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of 3000€/QALY when imaging was interpreted by local specialists and 9000€/QALY when imaging was interpreted by experts. CONCLUSIONS: FCH had a better incremental effect on QALY, independent of imaging reading and should be preferred for detecting bone metastases in patients with biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01501630. Registered 29 December 2011.

2.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2104, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32034191

RESUMO

We aimed to evaluate the impact of prostate-specific membrane antigen ligand labelled with gallium-68 (PSMA-11) PET/CT in restaging patients with castration-resistant nonmetastatic prostate cancer (PCa). Thirty patients were included. At least one malignant focus was found in 27/30 patients (90%). The PSMA-11 PET/CT positivity rate in patients whose prostate-specific antigen serum level (PSA) was greater than 2 ng/ml was 100% (20/20), significantly superior to that of patients whose PSA was less than 2 ng/ml (7/10 = 70%). Six patients (20%) were categorized as oligometastatic (≤3 metastatic foci). Based on the 17 patients for whom a standard of truth was feasible, the overall sensitivity and specificity of PSMA-11 PET/CT in detecting residual disease in castration-resistant PCa patients were 87% and 100% respectively. PSMA-11 PET/CT impacted patients' disease management in 70% of cases, 60% of case when PSA was less than 2 ng/ml. This management was considered as adequate in 91% of patients. PSMA-11 PET/CT appeared to be effective in restaging patients with castration-resistant nonmetastatic PCa. PSMA-11 PET/CT should be considered as a replacement for bone scans under these conditions.

3.
Urol Oncol ; 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704141

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Papillary urothelial neoplasm of low malignant potential (PUN-LMP) was introduced as a noninvasive, noncancerous lesion and a separate grade category in 1998. Subsequently, PUN-LMP was reconfirmed by World Health Organization (WHO) 2004 and WHO 2016 classifications for urothelial bladder tumors. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the proportion of PUN-LMP diagnosis over time and to determine its prognostic value compared to Ta-LG (low-grade) and Ta-HG (high-grade) carcinomas. To assess the intraobserver variability of an experienced uropathologist assigning (WHO) 2004/2016 grades at 2 time points. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Individual patient data of 3,311 primary Ta bladder tumors from 17 hospitals in Europe and Canada were available. Transurethral resection of the tumor was performed between 1990 and 2018. Time to recurrence and progression were analyzed with cumulative incidence functions, log-rank tests and multivariable Cox-regression stratified by institution. Intraobserver variability was assessed by examining the same 314 transurethral resection of the tumorslides twice, in 2004 and again in 2018. RESULTS: PUN-LMP represented 3.8% (127/3,311) of Ta tumors. The same pathologist found 71/314 (22.6%) PUN-LMPs in 2004 and only 20/314 (6.4%) in 2018. Overall, the proportion of PUN-LMP diagnosis substantially decreased over time from 31.3% (1990-2000) to 3.2% (2000-2010) and to 1.1% (2010-2018). We found no difference in time to recurrence between the three WHO 2004/2016 Ta-grade categories (log-rank, P = 0.381), nor for LG vs. PUN-LMP (log-rank, P = 0.238). Time to progression was different for all grade categories (log-rank, P < 0.001), but not between LG and PUN-LMP (log-rank, P = 0.096). Multivariable analyses on recurrence and progression showed similar results for all 3 grade categories and for LG vs. PUN-LMP. CONCLUSIONS: The proportion of PUN-LMP has decreased to very low levels in the last decade. Contrary to its reconfirmation in the WHO 2016 classification, our results do not support the continued use of PUN-LMP as a separate grade category in Ta tumors because of the similar prognosis for PUN-LMP and Ta-LG carcinomas.

4.
J Patient Rep Outcomes ; 3(1): 60, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493106

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The Memorial Anxiety Scale for Prostate Cancer (MAX-PC, 18 items) was developed to assess anxiety in prostate cancer patients. In the absence of a French version of this scale, we adapted the original English scale and evaluated its psychometric properties in a sample of French men diagnosed with prostate cancer in the previous 12 months. METHODS: The MAX-PC was translated from English to French and distributed online by two non-profit organizations (Seintinelles and ANAMACaP). The French questionnaire, which also included the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and a measure of health-related quality of life (SF12), was intended for adults diagnosed with prostate cancer in the previous 12 months. Factor structure was assessed using exploratory factor analysis (EFA) on data from 56.2% of the sample (n = 104, Seintinelles subsample) and confirmed using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) on data from the rest of the sample (n = 81, ANAMACaP subsample). The reliability of the scale was measured using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Construct validity was assessed by calculating the correlation of the MAX-PC total score and subscale scores with the HADS total score and subscale scores and with the SF12 total score and subscale scores. RESULTS: Of the 185 respondents, 168 (90.8%) had complete data on all MAX-PC items. The average age of participants was 65.1 years (SD: 7.7). The three-factor structure defined in the original validation study was very similar in EFA and then confirmed by CFA. The MAX-PC showed good reliability, as Cronbach's alpha coefficients for the scale and for its three subscales were 0.92, 0.90, 0.68, and 0.87, respectively. It also showed good construct validity. As expected, the MAX-PC total score was positively correlated with the HADS-Anxiety subscale score (r = 0.68, p < 0.001) and negatively correlated with the SF12-MCS subscale score (r = - 0.35, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The French version of the MAX-PC shows adequate psychometric properties among French men with prostate cancer. This scale may be used in future studies and in routine clinical care to help health care providers identify patients who need psychological support due to prostate-cancer related anxiety.

5.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 27(10): 1589-1598, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31231134

RESUMO

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has an undisputed genetic component and a stable 2:1 male to female sex ratio in its incidence across populations, suggesting possible sexual dimorphism in its genetic susceptibility. We conducted the first sex-specific genome-wide association analysis of RCC for men (3227 cases, 4916 controls) and women (1992 cases, 3095 controls) of European ancestry from two RCC genome-wide scans and replicated the top findings using an additional series of men (2261 cases, 5852 controls) and women (1399 cases, 1575 controls) from two independent cohorts of European origin. Our study confirmed sex-specific associations for two known RCC risk loci at 14q24.2 (DPF3) and 2p21(EPAS1). We also identified two additional suggestive male-specific loci at 6q24.3 (SAMD5, male odds ratio (ORmale) = 0.83 [95% CI = 0.78-0.89], Pmale = 1.71 × 10-8 compared with female odds ratio (ORfemale) = 0.98 [95% CI = 0.90-1.07], Pfemale = 0.68) and 12q23.3 (intergenic, ORmale = 0.75 [95% CI = 0.68-0.83], Pmale = 1.59 × 10-8 compared with ORfemale = 0.93 [95% CI = 0.82-1.06], Pfemale = 0.21) that attained genome-wide significance in the joint meta-analysis. Herein, we provide evidence of sex-specific associations in RCC genetic susceptibility and advocate the necessity of larger genetic and genomic studies to unravel the endogenous causes of sex bias in sexually dimorphic traits and diseases like RCC.

6.
Oncoimmunology ; 8(6): e1581528, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31069149

RESUMO

Vascular-targeted photodynamic therapy (VTP) induces rapid destruction of targeted tissues and is a promising therapy for prostate cancer. However, the resulting immune response, which may play an important role in either potentiating or blunting the effects of VTP, is still incompletely understood. Myeloid cells such as myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and macrophages are often found in tumors and are widely reported to be associated with cancer angiogenesis, tissue remodeling, and immunosuppression. These cells are also known to play a critical role in wound-healing, which is induced by rapid tissue destruction. In this study, we investigated the effects of VTP on the recruitment of tumor-infiltrating myeloid cells, specifically MDSCs and tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), in the Myc-Cap and TRAMP C2 murine prostate cancer models. We report that VTP increased the infiltration of myeloid cells into the tumors, as well as their expression of CSF1R, a receptor required for myeloid differentiation, proliferation, and tumor migration. As anti-CSF1R treatment has previously been used to deplete these cells types in other murine models of prostate cancer, we hypothesized that combining anti-CSF1R with VTP therapy would lead to decreased tumor regrowth and improved survival. Importantly, we found that targeting myeloid cells using anti-CSF1R in combination with VTP therapy decreased the number of tumor MDSCs and TAMs, especially M2 macrophages, as well as increased CD8+ T cell infiltration, decreased tumor growth and improved overall survival. These results suggest that targeting myeloid cells via CSF1R targeting is a promising strategy to potentiate the anti-tumor effects of VTP.

7.
Int J Cancer ; 145(7): 1745-1753, 2019 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30665264

RESUMO

Circadian rhythms regulate several physiological functions and genes controlling the circadian rhythm were found to regulate cell proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis. Few studies have investigated the role of those circadian genes in prostate cancer occurrence. We aim to investigate the relationship between circadian genes polymorphisms and prostate cancer risk based on data from the EPICAP study, a population-based case-control study including 1,515 men (732 cases / 783 controls) with genotyped data. Odds Ratios (ORs) for association between prostate cancer and circadian gene variants were estimated for each of the 872 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 31 circadian clock genes. We also used a gene-based and pathway-based approach with a focus on the pathway including 9 core circadian genes. Separate analyses were conducted by prostate cancer aggressiveness. The core-circadian pathway (p = 0.0006) was significantly associated to prostate cancer, for either low (p = 0.002) or high (p = 0.01) grade tumor. At the gene level, we observed significant associations between all prostate cancer and NPAS2 and PER1 after correcting for multiple testing, while only RORA was significant for aggressive tumors. At the SNP-level, no significant association was observed. Our findings provide additional evidence of a potential link between genetic variants in circadian genes and prostate cancer risk. Further investigation is warranted to confirm these findings and to better understand the biological pathways involved.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Membro 1 do Grupo F da Subfamília 1 de Receptores Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Circadianas Period/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Relógios Circadianos , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Razão de Chances , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética
8.
PLoS Med ; 16(1): e1002724, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30605491

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several obesity-related factors have been associated with renal cell carcinoma (RCC), but it is unclear which individual factors directly influence risk. We addressed this question using genetic markers as proxies for putative risk factors and evaluated their relation to RCC risk in a mendelian randomization (MR) framework. This methodology limits bias due to confounding and is not affected by reverse causation. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Genetic markers associated with obesity measures, blood pressure, lipids, type 2 diabetes, insulin, and glucose were initially identified as instrumental variables, and their association with RCC risk was subsequently evaluated in a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of 10,784 RCC patients and 20,406 control participants in a 2-sample MR framework. The effect on RCC risk was estimated by calculating odds ratios (ORSD) for a standard deviation (SD) increment in each risk factor. The MR analysis indicated that higher body mass index increases the risk of RCC (ORSD: 1.56, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.44-1.70), with comparable results for waist-to-hip ratio (ORSD: 1.63, 95% CI 1.40-1.90) and body fat percentage (ORSD: 1.66, 95% CI 1.44-1.90). This analysis further indicated that higher fasting insulin (ORSD: 1.82, 95% CI 1.30-2.55) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP; ORSD: 1.28, 95% CI 1.11-1.47), but not systolic blood pressure (ORSD: 0.98, 95% CI 0.84-1.14), increase the risk for RCC. No association with RCC risk was seen for lipids, overall type 2 diabetes, or fasting glucose. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides novel evidence for an etiological role of insulin in RCC, as well as confirmatory evidence that obesity and DBP influence RCC risk.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/etiologia , Neoplasias Renais/etiologia , Obesidade/complicações , Glicemia/análise , Pressão Sanguínea , Índice de Massa Corporal , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Feminino , Marcadores Genéticos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Insulina/sangue , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Obesidade/genética , Fatores de Risco
9.
Eur Urol ; 75(1): 11-15, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30245085

RESUMO

Causes of high mortality of prostate cancer in men of African ancestry living in the French West Indies are still debated, between suspicions of environmental factors and genetic susceptibility. We report an integrated genomic study of 25 tumour tissues from radical prostatectomy of aggressive (defined by International Society of Urological Pathology ≥3) prostate cancer patients (10 African Caribbean and 15 French Caucasian) using single nucleotide polymorphism arrays, whole-genome sequencing, and RNA sequencing. The results show that African Caribbean tumours are characterised by a more frequent deletion at 1q41-43 encompassing the DNA repair gene PARP1, and a higher proportion of intrachromosomal rearrangements including duplications associated with CDK12 truncating mutations. Transcriptome analyses show an overexpression of genes related to androgen receptor activity in African Caribbean tumours, and of PVT1, a long non-coding RNA located at 8q24 that confirms the strong involvement of this region in prostate tumours from men of African ancestry. Patient summary: Mortality of prostate cancer is higher in African Caribbean men than in French Caucasian men. Specificities of the former could be explained by genomic events linked with key genes such as DNA damage pathway genes PARP1, CDK12, and the oncogenic long non-coding RNA gene PVT1 at the 8q24 prostate cancer susceptibility locus.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Região do Caribe/etnologia , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/etnologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
10.
BJU Int ; 123(4): 618-623, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30548115

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the location of intravesical recurrence (IVR) after radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC), to determine the main predictive factors for IVR in the bladder-cuff area (BCA), and to assess the effect of BCA recurrence (BCAR) on prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a multicentre, retrospective study using the French collaborative database on UTUC, which includes data for all patients treated in 24 referral uro-oncology centres across the country. All patients who underwent RNU with bladder-cuff excision and who developed IVR between 1995 and 2010 were selected. Patients were divided into two groups: Group A: BCAR; and Group B: recurrence elsewhere in the bladder. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the probability of BCAR-free survival. Groups were compared using the log-rank test. Independent risk factors for BCAR were identified using a Cox proportional hazard regression model, with univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: Overall, 163 patients were included in the final analysis: Group A, 87 patients (53.4%) and Group B, 76 (46.6%). The clinicopathological characteristics were similar in the groups. The median (interquartile range [IQR]) follow-up was 36 (31.7-40.39) months. The median (IQR) time to IVR was 10.0 (8.6-13.39) months [Group A: 11.0 (8.8-13.2)  months vs Group B: 10.0 (8.5-11.5) months; P = 0.35]. The probability of BCAR at 1, 2, and 3 years was 45.5% (95% confidence interval [CI] 40.1-50.9), 17.9% (95% CI 13.7-22.1), and 10.8% (95% CI 7.4-14.2) respectively, whereas the probability of recurrence elsewhere in the bladder was 42.1% (95% CI 36.4-47.8), 14.7% (95% CI 10.6-18.8), and 4.4% (95% CI 1.9-6.9), respectively (P = 0.35). Pathological tumour stage (≥pT3) was significantly related to the risk of BCAR (P = 0.03). CONCLUSION: There were more BCARs after RNU in advanced UTUC. However, no preferred site for recurrence was detected.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição/patologia , Laparoscopia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Nefroureterectomia , Neoplasias Ureterais/patologia , Ureteroscopia , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias Ureterais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ureterais/cirurgia
11.
World J Urol ; 37(8): 1587-1595, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30382380

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the impact of 18F-sodium-fluoride (NaF) PET/CT, 18F-fluorocholine (FCH) PET/CT and diffusion-weighted whole-body MRI (DW-MRI) on the management of patients with prostate cancer (PCa) suspicious for distant metastasis. METHODS: Prostate cancer patients were prospectively included between December 2011 and August 2014 and benefited from these three whole-body imaging (WBI) modalities within 1 month in addition to the standard PCa workup. Management was prospectively decided by clinicians during two multidisciplinary meetings, before and after the whole-body imaging workup. Rates of induced changes of whole-body imaging modalities were compared by Cochran's Q test. RESULTS: One-hundred-one patients (27 at staging, 59 at first biochemical recurrence (BCR) and 15 at first episode of rising serum level of prostate-specific antigen during androgen-deprivation therapy) were included. The overall rate of management changes was 52%: 29% as a consequence of WBI, higher for FCH-PET/CT than for NaF-PET/CT or DW-MRI (p < 0.0001) and highest (41%) for FCH-PET/CT at BCR. Actual management was adequate in all patients but two. CONCLUSIONS: Whole-body imaging induced a change in management in approximately a third of PCa patients suspicious for metastasis. The impact rate was determined to be greatest at first BCR using FCH-PET/CT. NaF-PET/CT and DW-MRI seemed less useful in this context.


Assuntos
Colina/análogos & derivados , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Radioisótopos de Flúor , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Fluoreto de Sódio , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia
12.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 26(12): 1732-1742, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30089825

RESUMO

In oncology, the expanding use of multi-gene panels to explore familial cancer predisposition and tumor genome analysis has led to increased secondary findings discoveries (SFs) and has given rise to important medical, ethical, and legal issues. The American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics published a policy statement for managing SFs for a list of genes, including 25 cancer-related genes. Currently, there are few recommendations in Europe. From June 2016 to May 2017, the French Society of Predictive and Personalized Medicine (SFMPP) established a working group of 47 experts to elaborate guidelines for managing information given on the SFs for genes related to cancers. A subgroup of ethicists, lawyers, patients' representatives, and psychologists provided ethical reflection, information guidelines, and materials (written consent form and video). A subgroup with medical expertise, including oncologists and clinical and molecular geneticists, provided independent evaluation and classification of 60 genes. The main criteria were the "actionability" of the genes (available screening or prevention strategies), the risk evaluation (severity, penetrance, and age of disease onset), and the level of evidence from published data. Genes were divided into three classes: for class 1 genes (n = 36), delivering the information on SFs was recommended; for class 2 genes (n = 5), delivering the information remained questionable because of insufficient data from the literature and/or level of evidence; and for class 3 genes (n = 19), delivering the information on SFs was not recommended. These guidelines for managing SFs for cancer-predisposing genes provide new insights for clinicians and laboratories to standardize clinical practices.


Assuntos
Revelação/normas , Testes Genéticos/normas , Neoplasias/genética , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Análise de Sequência de DNA/normas , Revelação/ética , Revelação/legislação & jurisprudência , França , Humanos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Medicina de Precisão/normas , Sociedades Médicas
13.
Occup Environ Med ; 75(8): 573-581, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29921728

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of night work in prostate cancer based on data from the EPICAP Study. METHODS: EPICAP is a French population-based case-control study including 818 incident prostate cancer cases and 875 frequency-matched controls that have been interviewed face to face on several potential risk factors including lifetime occupational history. Detailed information on work schedules for each job (permanent or rotating night work, duration, total number of nights, length of the shift, number of consecutive nights) as well as sleep duration and chronotype, was gathered. Prostate cancer aggressiveness was assessed by Gleason Score. RESULTS: Night work was not associated with prostate cancer, whatever the aggressiveness of prostate cancer, while we observed an overall increased risk among men with an evening chronotype (OR=1.83, 95% CI 1.05 to 3.19). A long duration of at least 20 years of permanent night work was associated with aggressive prostate cancer (OR=1.76, 95% CI 1.13 to 2.75), even more pronounced in combination with a shift length >10 hours or ≥ 6 consecutive nights (OR=4.64, 95% CI 1.78 to 12.13; OR=2.43, 95% CI 1.32 to 4.47, respectively). CONCLUSION: Overall, ever night work, either permanent or rotating, was not associated to prostate cancer. Nevertheless, our results suggest that a long duration of permanent night work in combination with a long shift length or at least six consecutive nights may be associated with prostate cancer, particularly with aggressive prostate cancer. Further studies are needed to confirm those findings.


Assuntos
Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Próstata/etiologia , Tolerância ao Trabalho Programado/fisiologia , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ritmo Circadiano , Emprego , França , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Sono , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo
14.
J Biophotonics ; 11(11): e201800065, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29806125

RESUMO

In the framework of urologic oncology, mini-invasive procedures have increased in the last few decades particularly for urothelial carcinoma. One of the essential elements in the management of this disease is still the diagnosis, which strongly influences the choice of treatment. The histopathologic evaluation of the tumor grade is a keystone of diagnosis, and tumor characterization is not possible with just a macroscopic evaluation. Even today intraoperative evaluation remains difficult despite the emergence of new technologies which use exogenous fluorophore. This study assessed an optical multimodal technique based on endogenous fluorescence, combining qualitative and quantitative analysis, for the diagnostic of urothelial carcinoma. It was found that the combination of two-photon fluorescence, second harmonic generation microscopy, spectral analysis and fluorescence lifetime imaging were all able to discriminate tumor from healthy tissue, and to determine the grade of tumors. Spectral analysis of fluorescence intensity and the redox ratio used as quantitative evaluations showed statistical differences between low-grade and high-grade tumors. These results showed that multimodal optical analysis is a promising technology for the development of an optical fiber setup designed for an intraoperative diagnosis of urothelial carcinoma in the area of endo-urology.


Assuntos
Imagem Óptica , Fótons , Neoplasias Urológicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Urológicas/patologia , Urotélio/patologia , Humanos , Microscopia , Gradação de Tumores , Análise Espectral
15.
World J Urol ; 36(9): 1495-1500, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29679140

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Previous studies of the cell cycle progression (CCP) score in surgical specimens of prostate cancer (PCa) in patients treated by radical prostatectomy (RP) demonstrated significant association with time to biochemical recurrence (BCR). In this study, we compared the ability of the CCP score and the expression of PTEN or Ki-67 to predict BCR in a cohort of patients treated by RP. Finally, we constructed the best predictive model for BCR, incorporating biomarkers and relevant clinical variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 652 PCa patients enrolled in a retrospective cohort and who had RP surgery in French urological centers from 2000 to 2007. RESULTS: Among the 652 patients with CCP scores and complete clinical data, BCR events occurred in 41%, and the median time from surgery to the last follow-up among BCR-free patients was 72 months. In univariate Cox analysis, the continuous CCP score and positive Ki-67 predicted recurrence with a HR of 1.44 (95% CI 1.17-1.75; p = 5.3 × 10-4) and 1.89 (95% CI 1.38-2.57; p = 1.6 × 10-4), respectively. In contrast, PTEN expression was not associated with BCR risk. Of the three biomarkers, only the CCP score remained significantly associated in a multivariable Cox model (p = 0.026). The best model incorporated CAPRA-S and CCP scores as predictors, with HRs of 1.32 and 1.24, respectively. CONCLUSION: The CCP score was superior to the two IHC markers (PTEN and Ki-67) for predicting outcome in PCa after RP.


Assuntos
Ciclo Celular/fisiologia , Antígeno Ki-67/análise , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/química , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/análise , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/química , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Antígeno Prostático Específico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Can J Urol ; 25(1): 9161-9167, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29524970

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To establish if the validated tumor biomarkers of luminal and basal bladder cancers in non neuro-urological patients are applicable to a neuro-urological population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrieved bladder cancer samples from neuro-urological patients (n = 20) and non-neurological controls (n = 40). The expression of GATA3 and CK5/6 was analyzed using immunohistochemistry of microarray tissue sections. We also assessed the correlation between previous biomarker expression, gender, age, tumor stage (non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC)/muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC)), squamous-cell differentiation and basal/luminal subtypes using Pearson's correlation coefficient (r). RESULTS: Mean age at diagnosis of bladder cancer in neuro-urological patients was 53.2 years (min 41-max 73). MIBC was found in 13 neuro-urological patients (65%). The luminal subtype was identified in 7 samples (35%, all urothelial differentiation). The basal subtype was found in 13 samples (65%): 12 squamous-cell and 1 sarcomatoid differentiation. GATA3 and CK5/6 were expressed in 6 (30%) neuro-urological patients. A significant positive correlation was found between GATA3 expression and the luminal subtype (p = 0.00001, r = 0.5676). This was not the case with the neuro-urological status (r = -0.307). A poor correlation was found between CK5/6 expression and the neuro-urological status (r = 0.471 and -0.471), squamous-cell differentiation (r = 0.092), tumor stage NMIBC/MIBC (r = -0.118 and 0.118) and basal/luminal subtypes (r = -0.157 and 0.194). CONCLUSION: In summary, the expression of GATA3 and CK5/6 could not differentiate the different subtypes of bladder cancer in neuro-urological patients. This implies that their specific histopathological signature is distinct from non neuro-urological patients. Additional pathways may be involved to explain their urothelial carcinogenesis mechanism.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição/genética , Fator de Transcrição GATA3/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica/genética , Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Biópsia por Agulha , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/epidemiologia , Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica/epidemiologia
17.
Surg Radiol Anat ; 40(4): 389-393, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29536129

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Changes related to prostatic ageing include an increase of prostate volume and morphologic distortions of the prostatic edges in middle-aged and older men. These changes of the prostate exhibit a certain level of heterogeneity, which is clinically obvious for surgeons, radiologists, and anatomists, and which can be explained by the complex nature of the embryologic/anatomic development of the prostate. While the etiology of the median lobe has typically been attributed to a growth and protrusion of the prostatic area at the top of the utricle, we argue that this is not necessarily the case as intravesical protrusions of the prostate have also been observed laterally and anteriorly to the bladder neck, suggesting the involvement of other prostatic zones, thereby highlighting the need to refine the concept of the median lobe. MATERIAL: The current study examined a large series of 478 prostate magnetic resonance imaging scans (MRIs). Intravesical prostatic protrusions were classified, based on their topography: anterior (A), posterolateral (P), and dual (D). Data were analyzed using MedCalc®11.6.1.1.0 software. Pearson's correlations with coefficients (r) and P values were calculated for the patient's age, prostate volume, and IVPP size. RESULTS: An intravesical prostatic protrusion was observed in 27% of cases, with type A occurring in 18% (3% isolated), type P in 96% (81% isolated), and type D in 15%. CONCLUSION: The new insights regarding the variability in prostate anatomy will contribute to the improved management of prostate hypertrophy by radiologists and surgeons.


Assuntos
Próstata/anatomia & histologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Variação Anatômica , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tamanho do Órgão , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem
18.
Neurourol Urodyn ; 37(4): 1386-1395, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29168217

RESUMO

AIM: To perform a systematic review of the literature regarding epidemiology, diagnosis, management and prognosis of bladder cancer in the neuro-urological patient population, in order to serve as a basis for future recommendations and research. METHODS: A systematic review was performed according to the PRISMA-Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyzes Statement. Embase was searched for studies providing data on epidemiology, diagnosis, management and prognosis of bladder cancer in neuro-urological patients. RESULTS: After screening 637 abstracts, 15 studies (13 retrospective and 2 prospective studies) were included in this study. We identified 332 patients (0.3%) who were diagnosed with bladder cancer. This mostly affected mostly men (59.3%) and spinal cord injured patients (98.8%). Mean age at diagnosis was 56.1 years. Bladder cancer occurred after a long period of evolution of the neurological disease (24.9 years). Gross hematuria was the predominating presenting symptom (31.6% of cases). Indwelling urethral or supra-pubic catheters were used in 44.5% of patients. The most frequent histological subtype of bladder cancer was transitional cell carcinoma (53.1%), followed by squamous cell carcinoma (33.5%). Muscle-invasive bladder cancer was reported in 67.7% of patients. The mean cancer-specific mortality rate was of 47.1%. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence and high mortality rate of bladder cancer in neuro-urological patients underlines the importance of long-term follow-up in this specific population. This highlights the necessity of further studies in this field.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/epidemiologia , Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/patologia , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/terapia , Comorbidade , Humanos , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/terapia , Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica/patologia , Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica/terapia
19.
J Natl Cancer Inst ; 109(8)2017 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29117387

RESUMO

Prostate cancer incidence is 1.6-fold higher in African Americans than in other populations. The risk factors that drive this disparity are unknown and potentially consist of social, environmental, and genetic influences. To investigate the genetic basis of prostate cancer in men of African ancestry, we performed a genome-wide association meta-analysis using two-sided statistical tests in 10 202 case subjects and 10 810 control subjects. We identified novel signals on chromosomes 13q34 and 22q12, with the risk-associated alleles found only in men of African ancestry (13q34: rs75823044, risk allele frequency = 2.2%, odds ratio [OR] = 1.55, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.37 to 1.76, P = 6.10 × 10-12; 22q12.1: rs78554043, risk allele frequency = 1.5%, OR = 1.62, 95% CI = 1.39 to 1.89, P = 7.50 × 10-10). At 13q34, the signal is located 5' of the gene IRS2 and 3' of a long noncoding RNA, while at 22q12 the candidate functional allele is a missense variant in the CHEK2 gene. These findings provide further support for the role of ancestry-specific germline variation in contributing to population differences in prostate cancer risk.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano/genética , Loci Gênicos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Neoplasias da Próstata/etnologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Quinase do Ponto de Checagem 2/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 13 , Cromossomos Humanos Par 22 , Frequência do Gene , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Proteínas Substratos do Receptor de Insulina/genética , Masculino
20.
Presse Med ; 46(10): 935-939, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29031683

RESUMO

Recommended options for low-risk prostate cancer treatment are active surveillance, radical treatments or watchful waiting. Focal therapies are currently assessed for low risk prostate cancer treatment. Focal therapies can be performed in research protocols. Oncologic results of these focal treatments are encouraging and show excellent tolerance with few complications. Radical treatments are still possible after focal therapies failure. Focal therapies are a possible solution to over-treatment issue of low risk prostate cancers.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Medição de Risco
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA