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1.
Molecules ; 26(11)2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34200200

RESUMO

Epilobium angustifolium L. is a popular and well-known medicinal plant. In this study, an attempt to evaluate the possibility of using this plant in preparations for the care and treatment of skin diseases was made. The antioxidant, antiaging and anti-inflammatory properties of ethanolic extracts from Epilobium angustifolium (FEE) were assessed. Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of extracts chemically composition was performed by gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The total polyphenol content (TPC) of biologically active compounds, such as the total content of polyphenols (TPC), flavonoids (TFC), and assimilation pigments, as well as selected phenolic acids, was assessed. FEE was evaluated for their anti-inflammatory and antiaging properties, achieving 68% inhibition of lipoxygenase activity, 60% of collagenase and 49% of elastase. FEE also showed high antioxidant activity, reaching to 87% of free radical scavenging using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 59% using 2,2'-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS). Additionally, in vitro penetration studies were performed using two vehicles, i.e., a hydrogel and an emulsion containing FEE. These studies showed that the active ingredients contained in FEE penetrate through human skin and accumulate in it. The obtained results indicate that E. angustifolium may be an interesting plant material to be applied as a component of cosmetic and dermatological preparations with antiaging and anti-inflammatory properties.


Assuntos
Cosméticos/química , Fármacos Dermatológicos/química , Epilobium/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Antioxidantes/química , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Flavonoides/química , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Humanos , Plantas Medicinais/química , Polifenóis/química , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
Molecules ; 26(2)2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33435259

RESUMO

Epilobium angustifolium L. is applied as an antiseptic agent in the treatment of skin diseases. However, there is a lack of information on human skin penetration of active ingredients with antioxidative potential. It seems crucial because bacterial infections of skin and subcutaneous tissue are common and partly depend on oxidative stress. Therefore, we evaluated in vitro human skin penetration of fireweed ethanol-water extracts (FEEs) by determining antioxidant activity of these extracts before and after penetration study using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS), and Folin-Ciocalteu methods. Microbiological tests of extracts were done. The qualitative and quantitative evaluation was performed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC-UV) methods. The in vitro human skin penetration using the Franz diffusion chamber was assessed. The high antioxidant activity of FEEs was found. Gallic acid (GA), chlorogenic acid (ChA), 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid (3,4-DHB), 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (4-HB), and caffeic acid (CA) were identified in the extracts. The antibacterial activities were found against Serratia lutea, S. marcescens, Bacillus subtilis, B. pseudomycoides, and B. thuringiensis and next Enterococcus faecalis, E. faecium, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and P. fluorescens strains. In vitro penetration studies showed the penetration of some phenolic acids and their accumulation in the skin. Our results confirm the importance of skin penetration studies to guarantee the efficacy of formulations containing E. angustifolium extracts.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Antioxidantes , Bactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bassia scoparia/química , Extratos Vegetais , Absorção Cutânea , Pele/metabolismo , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacocinética , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacocinética , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Etanol/química , Humanos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacocinética , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Pele/microbiologia , Água/química
3.
Postepy Dermatol Alergol ; 37(2): 269-271, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32489365

RESUMO

Introduction: The constantly rising number of skin malignancies and increasing cancer awareness encourage more people to visit outpatient clinics in order to have various skin lesions removed. Despite the fact that scarring is a physiological response to any excision procedure, minimizing the size of it is a goal of every good practitioner. Therefore the question arises whether different techniques used to remove skin lesions may impact the formation and quality of skin scars. Aim: To perform an evaluation of skin scars formed by laser and surgical incisions and their influence on lymphatic outflow in rats. Material and methods: Five male rats were used. Using methylene blue, the migration of dye through lymphatic channels of the lower extremity was measured. Afterwards, transverse incisions were made distally using laser and a surgical blade. Wounds were left to heal by secondary intention. After 4 weeks dye migration assessment was repeated and tissue samples were obtained for microscopic evaluation. Results: Wounds after surgical incisions healed entirely. Wounds after laser treatment had not healed, with a visible area of granulation tissue and hair loss. Significantly worse dye migration was observed in rat extremities after laser therapy than after surgical incision (p = 0.007). Conclusions: The results of the study show that the size of the scar can depend on the incision technique used. Larger scars after laser therapy limit the lymphatic flow of the skin, which may have an adverse effect on mapping sentinel lymph nodes. However, this hypothesis requires further research.

4.
ACS Omega ; 4(22): 19765-19771, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31788608

RESUMO

The healing process of the fractured bone in a presence of poly(butylene succinate-butylene dilinoleate) (PBS-DLA) copolymer containing nanosized hydroxyapatite (HAP) particles has been investigated. The PBS-DLA material containing PBS hard segments and DLA soft segments (50:50 wt %) was used to prepare a polymer/ceramic composite with 30 wt % HAP. A new PBS-DLA copolymer showed a high elasticity of 500% and 15 MPa tensile strength. Addition of HAP improved tensile strength up to 25 MPa while high elasticity has been preserved going down only to 300% of elongation at break. A polymer nanocomposite was fabricated into small elastic polymer rods 15 mm long and 1 × 2 mm in cross section and used for tibia bone fixation in rats. Mallory trichrome staining indicated that new biodegradable copolymers and its composite containing HAP have triggered the most advanced bone healing of all tested materials, thus indicating their high potential for bone tissue engineering and repair.

5.
Wideochir Inne Tech Maloinwazyjne ; 10(3): 423-9, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26649090

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ulcers of lower legs are the most bothersome complication of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI). AIM: To assess the effectiveness of endovascular fluoroscopically guided sclerotherapy for the treatment of venous ulcers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-eight limbs in 35 patients with crural venous ulcers were treated with guided sclerotherapy under the control of fluoroscopy. Patients with non-healing ulcers in the course of chronic venous insufficiency, with and without features of past deep vein thrombosis, were qualified for the study. Doppler ultrasound and dynamic venography with mapping of venous flow were performed. Ambulatory venous pressure measurements, leg circumference and varicography were performed just before and following the procedure. RESULTS: In 84% of cases, ulcers were treated successfully and healed. Patients with post-thrombotic syndrome (n = 17) healed in 13 (76.5%) cases, whereas patients without post-thrombotic syndrome (n = 21) healed in 19 (90.5%) cases. The mean time of healing of an ulcer for all patients was 83 days (in the first group it was 121 days and in the second group 67 days). Recurrence of an ulcer was observed in 10 limbs: 6 cases in the first group and 4 cases in the second group. Occurrence of deep vein thrombosis associated with the procedure was not observed. Temporary complications were reported but none giving a serious clinical outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular fluoroscopically guided sclerotherapy can be an alternative method of treatment of venous ulcers, especially in situations when surgical procedures or other options of treatment are impossible.

6.
Pol J Radiol ; 80: 384-7, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26309450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Splenic artery aneurysm and pseudoaneurysm are rare pathologies. True aneurysms are usually asymptomatic. Aneurysm rupture occurring in 2-3% of cases results in bleeding into the lesser sack, peritoneal space or adjacent organs typically presenting as abdominal pain and hemodynamic instability. In contrast, pseudoaneurysms are nearly always symptomatic carrying a high risk of rupture of 37-47% and mortality rate of 90% if untreated. Therefore, prompt diagnosis and treatment are essential in the management of patients with splenic artery pseudoaneurysm. Typical causes include pancreatitis and trauma. Rarely, the rupture of a pseudoaneurysm presents as upper gastrointestinal (UGI) bleeding. Among causes, peptic ulcer is the casuistic one. CASE REPORT: This report describes a very rare case of recurrent UGI bleeding from a splenic artery pseudoaneurysm caused by a penetrating gastric ulcer. After negative results of endoscopy and ultrasound, the diagnosis was established in CT angiography. The successful treatment consisted of surgical ligation of the bleeding vessel and suture of the ulcer with preservation of the spleen and pancreas, which is rarely tried in such situations. CONCLUSIONS: The most important factor in identifying a ruptured splenic artery pseudoaneurysm as a source of GI bleeding is considering the diagnosis. UGI hemorrhage from splenic artery pseudoaneurysm can have a relapsing course providing false negative results of endoscopy and ultrasound if performed between episodes of active bleeding. In such cases, immediate CT angiography is useful in establishing diagnosis and in application of proper therapy before possible recurrence.

7.
Wideochir Inne Tech Maloinwazyjne ; 9(3): 319-28, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25337153

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Methods allowing one to locate the position of a cutaneous perforator do not allow one to determine the boundaries of the vascularized skin. In clinical practice this causes complications in the form of marginal necrosis of the flap. AIM: To examine the usefulness of thermography to assess the extent of vascularization of the skin and subcutaneous tissue by a single perforator. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-one male rats were used. Using dynamic thermography the perforators on the abdominal skin were located. Afterwards the flap was prepared on a randomly chosen perforator. After 24 h the extent of vascularization of the skin by a single perforator was examined. RESULTS: In 22.5% of cases the number of perforators marked in the thermography was equal to the number of perforators marked intraoperatively, in 64.5% it was lower and in 13% higher. The use of thermography has shown that basing the flap vascularization on the perforator with low efficiency resulted in statistically more frequent occurrence of ischemia and partial necrosis of the flap (p = 0.024). Partial necrosis of the flap occurred in 12 of 31 cases, always in the area in which during the preoperative thermography no perforators were found. The areas of necrosis occurred irrespectively of the distance from the supplying vessel. CONCLUSIONS: When designing the shape of the flap, the distribution of all perforators must be considered. The perforators need to be included in the area of prepared tissues because their location indicates the area with a more efficient network of vessels.

8.
Wideochir Inne Tech Maloinwazyjne ; 9(3): 329-36, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25337154

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Tissue perfusion disorders can be present in various diseases and progress in the form of arterial ischemia or venous stasis with accompanying local changes in temperature. AIM: To use of thermography in the diagnostics of early periods of tissue perfusion disorders before the clinical symptoms occur. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-two male rats were used. After anesthesia the skin on lower limbs was shaved and femoral vessels of both sides were exposed. In 10 rats the left femoral artery was ligated, in 12 rats the left femoral vein was ligated and in the 10 remaining rats both left femoral vessels were ligated. Thermography of the limbs was performed before the vessels were ligated and after a period of 24 h. The pictures were taken every 5 s during 3 min. Before the measurement, the tissues were cooled down for 20 s with a 5°C water compress. The rate of temperature return to the limbs was evaluated. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were observed after the 24-hour period on the thigh after the ligation of the vein, and on the shank and the foot after ligation of the artery. After the ligature of both vessels, statistically significant differences occurred immediately after their ligature within the thigh and shank and after 24 h on the foot. CONCLUSIONS: The results show that cameras with an accuracy of 0.05°C can be used to detect tissue perfusion disorders. The special diagnostic value is the ability to detect perfusion disorders before clinical symptoms occur.

9.
Kardiochir Torakochirurgia Pol ; 11(3): 273-7, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26336434

RESUMO

Keloid disease is the abnormal formation of scar tissue in genetically predisposed people. Among many genes which may be related to the development of keloids, transforming growth factor ß1 (TGF-ß1) is one of the most mentioned. It encodes cytokinin, which is responsible for the production of extracellular matrix and takes part in healing. Any abnormalities which arise during synthesis of the protein as a result of polymorphism or gene mutation may be the cause of healing disorders (scarring of the body); thus it is responsible for the development of keloids. The objective of this study is to determine the single nucleotide polymorphism of the gene TGF-ß1, at the position -509(rs1800469)509, to compare the obtained results in the form of three different genotypes within the analysed group (keloids) and within the control group (healthy scars), and to analyse the correlation between obtained genotypes and the occurrence of keloid disease. Seventy-three patients after cardiac surgery with scars on their sternums were examined (22 women and 51 men) in the age group from 38 to 84 years. Two groups of patients were distinguished: 37 with keloids and 36 with healthy scars. DNA taken from patients was analysed and polymorphism C(-509)T of the gene TGF-ß1 was determined. On the basis of the study it was found that the allele T in the position -509 of the gene TGF-ß1 is associated with a lower risk of keloid formation regardless of age and gender.

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