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1.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33568386

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR)/American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 2019 classification criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus system showed high specificity, while attaining also high sensitivity. We hereby analysed the performance of the individual criteria items and their contribution to the overall performance of the criteria. METHODS: We combined the EULAR/ACR derivation and validation cohorts for a total of 1197 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and n=1074 non-SLE patients with a variety of conditions mimicking SLE, such as other autoimmune diseases, and calculated the sensitivity and specificity for antinuclear antibodies (ANA) and the 23 specific criteria items. We also tested performance omitting the EULAR/ACR criteria attribution rule, which defines that items are only counted if not more likely explained by a cause other than SLE. RESULTS: Positive ANA, the new entry criterion, was 99.5% sensitive, but only 19.4% specific, against a non-SLE population that included other inflammatory rheumatic, infectious, malignant and metabolic diseases. The specific criteria items were highly variable in sensitivity (from 0.42% for delirium and 1.84% for psychosis to 75.6% for antibodies to double-stranded DNA), but their specificity was uniformly high, with low C3 or C4 (83.0%) and leucopenia <4.000/mm³ (83.8%) at the lowest end. Unexplained fever was 95.3% specific in this cohort. Applying the attribution rule improved specificity, particularly for joint involvement. CONCLUSIONS: Changing the position of the highly sensitive, non-specific ANA to an entry criterion and the attribution rule resulted in a specificity of >80% for all items, explaining the higher overall specificity of the criteria set.

2.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 257, 2020 10 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115544

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) have a poor prognosis. The importance of monitoring subjective measures of functioning and disability, such as the Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI), is important as dcSSc is rated by patients as worse than diabetes or hemodialysis for quality of life impairment. This European Scleroderma Trials and Research (EUSTAR) database analysis was undertaken to examine the importance of impaired functionality in dcSSc prognosis. The primary objectives were to identify predictors of death and HAQ-DI score progression over 1 year. HAQ-DI score, major advanced organ involvement, and death rate were also used to develop a comprehensive model to predict lifetime dcSSc progression. METHODS: This was an observational, longitudinal study in patients with dcSSc registered in EUSTAR. Death and HAQ-DI scores were, respectively, analyzed by Cox regression and linear regression analyses in relation to baseline covariates. A microsimulation Markov model was developed to estimate/predict natural progression of dcSSc over a patient's lifetime. RESULTS: The analysis included dcSSc patients with (N = 690) and without (N = 4132) HAQ-DI score assessments from the EUSTAR database. Baseline HAQ-DI score, corticosteroid treatment, and major advanced organ involvement were predictive of death on multivariable analysis; a 1-point increase in baseline HAQ-DI score multiplied the risk of death by 2.7 (p <  0.001) and multiple advanced major organ involvement multiplied the risk of death by 2.8 (p <  0.05). Multivariable analysis showed that baseline modified Rodnan Skin Score (mRSS) and baseline HAQ-DI score were associated with HAQ-DI score progression at 1 year (p <  0.05), but there was no association between baseline organ involvement and HAQ-DI score progression at 1 year. HAQ-DI score, major advanced organ involvement, and death were successfully used to model long-term disease progression in dcSSc. CONCLUSIONS: HAQ-DI score and major advanced organ involvement were comparable predictors of mortality risk in dcSSc. Baseline mRSS and baseline HAQ-DI score were predictive of HAQ-DI score progression at 1 year, indicating a correlation between these endpoints in monitoring disease progression. It is hoped that this EUSTAR analysis may change physician perception about the importance of the HAQ-DI score in dcSSc.

3.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988845

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify overall disease course, progression patterns and risk factors predictive for progressive interstitial lung disease (ILD) in patients with systemic sclerosis-associated ILD (SSc-ILD), using data from the European Scleroderma Trials And Research (EUSTAR) database over long-term follow-up. METHODS: Eligible patients with SSc-ILD were registered in the EUSTAR database and had measurements of forced vital capacity (FVC) at baseline and after 12±3 months. Long-term progressive ILD and progression patterns were assessed in patients with multiple FVC measurements. Potential predictors of ILD progression were analysed using multivariable mixed-effect models. RESULTS: 826 patients with SSc-ILD were included. Over 12±3 months, 219 (27%) showed progressive ILD: either moderate (FVC decline 5% to 10%) or significant (FVC decline >10%). A total of 535 (65%) patients had multiple FVC measurements available over mean 5-year follow-up. In each 12-month period, 23% to 27% of SSc-ILD patients showed progressive ILD, but only a minority of patients showed progression in consecutive periods. Most patients with progressive ILD (58%) had a pattern of slow lung function decline, with more periods of stability/improvement than decline, whereas only 8% showed rapid, continuously declining FVC; 178 (33%) experienced no episode of FVC decline. The strongest predictive factors for FVC decline over 5 years were male sex, higher modified Rodnan skin score and reflux/dysphagia symptoms. CONCLUSION: SSc-ILD shows a heterogeneous and variable disease course, and thus monitoring all patients closely is important. Novel treatment concepts, with treatment initiation before FVC decline occurs, should aim for prevention of progression to avoid irreversible organ damage.

4.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(10): 1333-1339, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32816709

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR)/American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 2019 Classification Criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have been validated with high sensitivity and specificity. We evaluated the performance of the new criteria with regard to disease duration, sex and race/ethnicity, and compared its performance against the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) 2012 and ACR 1982/1997 criteria. METHODS: Twenty-one SLE centres from 16 countries submitted SLE cases and mimicking controls to form the validation cohort. The sensitivity and specificity of the EULAR/ACR 2019, SLICC 2012 and ACR 1982/1997 criteria were evaluated. RESULTS: The cohort consisted of female (n=1098), male (n=172), Asian (n=118), black (n=68), Hispanic (n=124) and white (n=941) patients; with an SLE duration of 1 to <3 years (n=196) and ≥5 years (n=879). Among patients with 1 to <3 years disease duration, the EULAR/ACR criteria had better sensitivity than the ACR criteria (97% vs 81%). The EULAR/ACR criteria performed well in men (sensitivity 93%, specificity 96%) and women (sensitivity 97%, specificity 94%). Among women, the EULAR/ACR criteria had better sensitivity than the ACR criteria (97% vs 83%) and better specificity than the SLICC criteria (94% vs 82%). Among white patients, the EULAR/ACR criteria had better sensitivity than the ACR criteria (95% vs 83%) and better specificity than the SLICC criteria (94% vs 83%). The EULAR/ACR criteria performed well among black patients (sensitivity of 98%, specificity 100%), and had better sensitivity than the ACR criteria among Hispanic patients (100% vs 86%) and Asian patients (97% vs 77%). CONCLUSIONS: The EULAR/ACR 2019 criteria perform well among patients with early disease, men, women, white, black, Hispanic and Asian patients. These criteria have superior sensitivity than the ACR criteria and/or superior specificity than the SLICC criteria across many subgroups.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/classificação , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Seleção de Pacientes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
5.
Clin Dermatol ; 38(2): 235-249, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32513403

RESUMO

Sclerodermalike syndromes (SLSs) comprise diseases with mucin deposition (eg, scleromyxedema, scleredema), with eosinophilia (eg, eosinophilic fasciitis), metabolic or biochemical abnormalities (eg, nephrogenic systemic fibrosis), or endocrine disorders (eg, POEMS syndrome, or polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal lymphoproliferative disorder, and hypothyroidism). Chronic graft-versus-host disease may also show sclerodermalike skin changes. Inherited progeria syndromes with early aging (eg, Werner syndrome) and a heterogeneous group of hereditary disorders with either skin thickening (eg, stiff skin syndrome) or atrophy and tightening (eg, acrogeria) can also imitate classic systemic sclerosis (SSc). In addition, SLSs can be provoked by several drugs, chemicals, or even physical injury (eg, trauma, vibration stress, radiation). In SLSs, the distribution of skin involvement seems to be atypical compared with SSc. The acral skin involvement is usually missing, and lack of Raynaud phenomenon, scleroderma-specific antinuclear antibodies, the absence of scleroderma capillary pattern, and internal organ manifestations indicate the presence of an SLS. Skin involvement is sometimes nodular, and the underlying tissues can also be affected. For the differential diagnosis, a skin biopsy of the deeper layers including fascia and muscle is required. Histology does not always allow differentiation between SSc and SLSs; therefore, the diagnosis is often based on the distribution, quality of cutaneous involvement, and other accompanying clinical features.


Assuntos
Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/patologia , Pele/patologia , Biópsia/métodos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/etiologia , Síndrome
6.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(5): 618-625, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32299845

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Riociguat is approved for pulmonary arterial hypertension and has antiproliferative, anti-inflammatory and antifibrotic effects in animal models of tissue fibrosis. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of riociguat in patients with early diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) at high risk of skin fibrosis progression. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase IIb trial, adults with dcSSc of <18 months' duration and a modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS) 10-22 units received riociguat 0.5 mg to 2.5 mg orally three times daily (n=60) or placebo (n=61). The primary endpoint was change in mRSS from baseline to week 52. RESULTS: At week 52, change from baseline in mRSS units was -2.09±5.66 (n=57) with riociguat and -0.77±8.24 (n=52) with placebo (difference of least squares means -2.34 (95% CI -4.99 to 0.30; p=0.08)). In patients with interstitial lung disease, forced vital capacity declined by 2.7% with riociguat and 7.6% with placebo. At week 14, average Raynaud's condition score had improved ≥50% in 19 (41.3%)/46 patients with riociguat and 13 (26.0%)/50 patients with placebo. Safety assessments showed no new signals with riociguat and no treatment-related deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Riociguat did not significantly benefit mRSS versus placebo at the predefined p<0.05. Secondary and exploratory analyses showed potential efficacy signals that should be tested in further trials. Riociguat was well tolerated.


Assuntos
Ativadores de Enzimas/administração & dosagem , Pirazóis/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Esclerodermia Difusa/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Biópsia por Agulha , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Internacionalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes de Função Respiratória , Medição de Risco , Esclerodermia Difusa/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Falha de Tratamento
7.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(7): 1684-1694, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680161

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Racial factors play a significant role in SSc. We evaluated differences in SSc presentations between white patients (WP), Asian patients (AP) and black patients (BP) and analysed the effects of geographical locations. METHODS: SSc characteristics of patients from the EUSTAR cohort were cross-sectionally compared across racial groups using survival and multiple logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: The study included 9162 WP, 341 AP and 181 BP. AP developed the first non-RP feature faster than WP but slower than BP. AP were less frequently anti-centromere (ACA; odds ratio (OR) = 0.4, P < 0.001) and more frequently anti-topoisomerase-I autoantibodies (ATA) positive (OR = 1.2, P = 0.068), while BP were less likely to be ACA and ATA positive than were WP [OR(ACA) = 0.3, P < 0.001; OR(ATA) = 0.5, P = 0.020]. AP had less often (OR = 0.7, P = 0.06) and BP more often (OR = 2.7, P < 0.001) diffuse skin involvement than had WP. AP and BP were more likely to have pulmonary hypertension [OR(AP) = 2.6, P < 0.001; OR(BP) = 2.7, P = 0.03 vs WP] and a reduced forced vital capacity [OR(AP) = 2.5, P < 0.001; OR(BP) = 2.4, P < 0.004] than were WP. AP more often had an impaired diffusing capacity of the lung than had BP and WP [OR(AP vs BP) = 1.9, P = 0.038; OR(AP vs WP) = 2.4, P < 0.001]. After RP onset, AP and BP had a higher hazard to die than had WP [hazard ratio (HR) (AP) = 1.6, P = 0.011; HR(BP) = 2.1, P < 0.001]. CONCLUSION: Compared with WP, and mostly independent of geographical location, AP have a faster and earlier disease onset with high prevalences of ATA, pulmonary hypertension and forced vital capacity impairment and higher mortality. BP had the fastest disease onset, a high prevalence of diffuse skin involvement and nominally the highest mortality.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo I/imunologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/imunologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia
8.
Autoimmun Rev ; 19(2): 102452, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838157

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis (LcSSc) is the most common subset of SSc but it has been overlooked in the past years. At a time at which clinical trials focus on diffuse cutaneous SSc (DcSSc) we aimed at clarifying the outcomes of LcSSc and at evaluating whether potential drug positioned in DcSSc may also be used in LcSSc. METHODS: The EUSTAR database was used to investigate skin, lung and peripheral vasculopathy outcomes in LcSSc. Worsening of skin fibrosis, ILD and peripheral vasculopathy were defined by an increase in modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS) > 3.5 points, a decrease of FVC > 10% in patients with ILD at baseline, and by the development of new digital ulcers (DU) in patients without DU at baseline. RESULTS: 8013 LcSSc and 4786 DcSSc patients were included. In contrast to DcSSc, skin disease was remarkably stable in the majority of LcSSc patients with >80% having a change lower than ±4 units of mRSS at 12, 24 and 36 months follow-up. Conversely, FVC changes over time were very similar between LcSSc and DcSSc. Regarding DU, numbers of patients with new DU over time seemed to be almost similar between the two subsets. CONCLUSIONS: LcSSc patients have a low mRSS at baseline with marginal changes with time. Conversely, SSc-ILD can be as progressive as in DcSSc supporting the inclusion of LcSSc patients in SSc-ILD trials and suggesting potential benefit of any anti-ILD drugs. Similarly, although slightly less common, DU should receive the same attention in the two subsets.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Factuais , Esclerodermia Limitada/epidemiologia , Feminino , Fibrose/patologia , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/patologia , Esclerodermia Limitada/tratamento farmacológico , Esclerodermia Limitada/patologia , Pele/patologia
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(24)2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31817576

RESUMO

Altered expression and function of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) homologue CD180 molecule in B cells have been associated with autoimmune disorders. In this study, we report decreased expression of CD180 at protein and mRNA levels in peripheral blood B cells of diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) patients. To analyze the effect of CD180 stimulation, together with CpG (TLR9 ligand) treatment, on the phenotype defined by CD19/CD27/IgD/CD24/CD38 staining, and function (CD69 and CD180 expression, cytokine and antibody secretion) of B cell subpopulations, we used tonsillar B cells. After stimulation, we found reduced expression of CD180 protein and mRNA in total B cells, and CD180 protein in B cell subpopulations. The frequency of CD180+ cells was the highest in the CD19+CD27+IgD+ non-switched (NS) B cell subset, and they showed the strongest activation after anti-CD180 stimulation. Furthermore, B cell activation via CD180 induced IL-6 and natural autoantibody secretion. Treatment with the combination of anti-CD180 antibody and CpG resulted in increased IL-6 and IL-10 secretion and natural autoantibody production of B cells. Our results support the role of CD180 in the induction of natural autoantibody production, possibly by NS B cells, and suggest an imbalance between the pathologic and natural autoantibody production in SSc patients.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/metabolismo , Subpopulações de Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Receptores Toll-Like/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos CD19/metabolismo , Citrato (si)-Sintase/metabolismo , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo I/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Ativação Linfocitária/fisiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
11.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(11): 1576-1582, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31391176

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of vasodilator drugs on the occurrence of features depending on myocardial ischaemia/fibrosis (ventricular arrhythmias, Q waves, cardiac blocks, pacemaker implantation, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <55%, and/or congestive heart failure and sudden cardiac death) in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: 601 patients with SSc were enrolled from 1 December 2012 to 30 November 2015 and had a second visit 0.5-4 years apart. 153 received no vasodilators; 448 received vasodilator therapy (ie, calcium channel blockers and/or ACE inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers or combinations of them), 89 of them being also treated with either endothelin receptor antagonists or PDE5 inhibitors or prostanoids. Associations between the occurrence of myocardial disease manifestations and any demographic, disease and therapeutic aspect were investigated by Cox regression analysis. A Cox frailty survival model with centre of enrolment as random effect was performed. RESULTS: During 914 follow-up patient-years, 12 ventricular arrhythmias, 5 Q waves, 40 cardiac blocks, 6 pacemaker implantations and 19 reduced LVEF and/or congestive heart failure (CHF) occurred. In multivariate Cox regression analysis, vasodilator therapy was associated with a lower incidence of ventricular arrhythmias (p=0.03); low-dose acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) with a lower incidence of cardiac blocks and/or Q waves and/or pacemaker implantation (p=0.02); active disease with a higher incidence of LVEF <55% and/or CHF and cardiac blocks and/or Q waves and/or pacemaker implantation (p=0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The present study might suggest a preventative effect on the occurrence of distinct myocardial manifestations by vasodilator therapy and low-dose ASA.


Assuntos
Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Cardiomiopatias/epidemiologia , Cardiomiopatias/prevenção & controle , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Vasodilatadores/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Arritmias Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/etiologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/prevenção & controle , Cardiomiopatias/etiologia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/prevenção & controle , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos
12.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(9): 1151-1159, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383717

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop new classification criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) jointly supported by the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) and the American College of Rheumatology (ACR). METHODS: This international initiative had four phases. (1) Evaluation of antinuclear antibody (ANA) as an entry criterion through systematic review and meta-regression of the literature and criteria generation through an international Delphi exercise, an early patient cohort and a patient survey. (2) Criteria reduction by Delphi and nominal group technique exercises. (3) Criteria definition and weighting based on criterion performance and on results of a multi-criteria decision analysis. (4) Refinement of weights and threshold scores in a new derivation cohort of 1001 subjects and validation compared with previous criteria in a new validation cohort of 1270 subjects. RESULTS: The 2019 EULAR/ACR classification criteria for SLE include positive ANA at least once as obligatory entry criterion; followed by additive weighted criteria grouped in seven clinical (constitutional, haematological, neuropsychiatric, mucocutaneous, serosal, musculoskeletal, renal) and three immunological (antiphospholipid antibodies, complement proteins, SLE-specific antibodies) domains, and weighted from 2 to 10. Patients accumulating ≥10 points are classified. In the validation cohort, the new criteria had a sensitivity of 96.1% and specificity of 93.4%, compared with 82.8% sensitivity and 93.4% specificity of the ACR 1997 and 96.7% sensitivity and 83.7% specificity of the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics 2012 criteria. CONCLUSION: These new classification criteria were developed using rigorous methodology with multidisciplinary and international input, and have excellent sensitivity and specificity. Use of ANA entry criterion, hierarchically clustered and weighted criteria reflect current thinking about SLE and provide an improved foundation for SLE research.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/classificação , Doenças Reumáticas , Reumatologia , Sociedades Médicas , Humanos
13.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 71(9): 1400-1412, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385462

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop new classification criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) jointly supported by the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) and the American College of Rheumatology (ACR). METHODS: This international initiative had four phases. 1) Evaluation of antinuclear antibody (ANA) as an entry criterion through systematic review and meta-regression of the literature and criteria generation through an international Delphi exercise, an early patient cohort, and a patient survey. 2) Criteria reduction by Delphi and nominal group technique exercises. 3) Criteria definition and weighting based on criterion performance and on results of a multi-criteria decision analysis. 4) Refinement of weights and threshold scores in a new derivation cohort of 1,001 subjects and validation compared with previous criteria in a new validation cohort of 1,270 subjects. RESULTS: The 2019 EULAR/ACR classification criteria for SLE include positive ANA at least once as obligatory entry criterion; followed by additive weighted criteria grouped in 7 clinical (constitutional, hematologic, neuropsychiatric, mucocutaneous, serosal, musculoskeletal, renal) and 3 immunologic (antiphospholipid antibodies, complement proteins, SLE-specific antibodies) domains, and weighted from 2 to 10. Patients accumulating ≥10 points are classified. In the validation cohort, the new criteria had a sensitivity of 96.1% and specificity of 93.4%, compared with 82.8% sensitivity and 93.4% specificity of the ACR 1997 and 96.7% sensitivity and 83.7% specificity of the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics 2012 criteria. CONCLUSION: These new classification criteria were developed using rigorous methodology with multidisciplinary and international input, and have excellent sensitivity and specificity. Use of ANA entry criterion, hierarchically clustered, and weighted criteria reflects current thinking about SLE and provides an improved foundation for SLE research.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/classificação , Reumatologia/normas , Adulto , Anticorpos Antinucleares/sangue , Anticorpos Antinucleares/imunologia , Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos/sangue , Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos/imunologia , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Estudos de Coortes , Proteínas do Sistema Complemento/análise , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Técnica Delfos , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Cooperação Internacional , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Sociedades Médicas , Estados Unidos
14.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(10): 1795-1802, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31093897

RESUMO

Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is common in systemic sclerosis (SSc) and implies a worse prognosis therefore non-invasive assessment of left ventricular (LV) filling pressure is pivotal. Besides E/e' the use of maximal left atrial volume (LA Vmax index) is recommended. LA reservoir strain was also reported to be useful. The utility of LA stiffness, however, was never investigated in SSc. Thus we aimed to compare the diagnostic power of LA Vmax index, reservoir strain and stiffness in predicting elevated LV filling pressure in SSc patients. 72 SSc patients (age: 57 ± 11 years) were investigated. LA stiffness was calculated as ratio of E/e' to LA reservoir strain. Elevated LV filling pressure was defined as NT-proBNP > 220 pg/ml. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to estimate the diagnostic performance of the investigated parameters. Average NT-proBNP level was 181 ± 154 pg/ml. NT-proBNP > 220 pg/ml was found in 21 SSc patients. LA stiffness showed the highest diagnostic performance in predicting NT-pro-BNP > 220 pg/ml, with a cut off value of 0.314 (Area under the curve: 0.719, specificity: 89.4%, sensitivity: 42.1%). AUC values for LA reservoir strain and Vmax index were 0.595 and 0.521, respectively. LA stiffness was superior to Vmax index and reservoir strain in predicting elevated NT-proBNP levels in SSc patients. Although invasive validation studies on larger samples are required, our data suggest, that the use of LA stiffness may significantly contribute to diagnostic precision in populations with a high suspicion of HFpEF.


Assuntos
Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Escleroderma Sistêmico/sangue , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Volume Sistólico , Regulação para Cima , Função Ventricular Esquerda
15.
Rheumatol Ther ; 6(2): 231-243, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30859494

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to observe the patterns of usage, efficacy, and safety of tocilizumab (TCZ) in clinical practice in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: Data on the real-world usage, efficacy, and safety of TCZ were collected from patients during routine follow-up visits conducted over a 6-month period. Patients were grouped by previous exposure to biologic therapies (biologic exposed vs. biologic naive). RESULTS: Of 1912 patients enrolled from 16 countries, 639 (33.4%) received TCZ monotherapy and 1273 (66.6%) received TCZ combination therapy. At baseline, 1073 patients (56.1%) were biologic naive and 839 (43.9%) were biologic exposed. At 6 months, 1504 patients (78.7%) continued to receive TCZ treatment, with no descriptive differences in retention rates between biologic-exposed and biologic-naive patients and between patients receiving TCZ monotherapy or combination therapy. Dose and use of methotrexate and prednisone were reduced at 6 months. Efficacy at 6 months, including patient-reported outcomes, was demonstrated in both biologic-naive and biologic-exposed groups. Adverse events (AEs) occurred in 817 patients [42.7%; incidence rate: 179 events per 100 patient-years (PY)], and serious AEs (SAEs) occurred in 118 patients (6.2%; 17 events per 100 PY), with comparable rates of AEs and SAEs between subgroups. CONCLUSION: In routine clinical practice, TCZ discontinuation rates were low and unaffected by prior use of biologics. Effectiveness was similar between groups, and no new safety signals were identified. FUNDING: F. Hoffmann-La Roche.

16.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 22(1): 96-102, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30398033

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of European Scleroderma Trials and Research (EUSTAR) standardized training on the accuracy of modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS) in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Eight SSc patients (four diffuse, four limited) and 10 physicians (4 fellows, 6 professors) were included. Gold-standard mRSS was performed by a senior instructor. Training comprised a video presentation and a live demonstration. Each physician performed mRSS with no clinical information in all patients: (a) before training; (b) after video session; and (c) after live demonstration. Primary outcome was the change in scoring accuracy, which was defined as the difference from the gold-standard skin score, as analyzed using a linear mixed model. RESULTS: Mean (standard deviation) difference from the gold-standard score in all measurements by participants before the training was 7.7 (9.5). Completion of training significantly enhanced mRSS accuracy (adjusted ß = -7.61; 95% CI: -11.91 to -3.32). This was largely attributable to the video presentation (adjusted ß = -5.47; -9.16 to -1.78), although the live demonstration was associated with numerical reduction in the difference from the gold-standard score (adjusted ß = -2.15; -5.84 to 1.55). Effect of training was prominent in fellows whereas professors showed an increase in the difference from gold-standard score after training (P value for interaction <0.001). The intraclass correlation coefficient for physician skin scores was acceptable. However, no significant change was observed after training. CONCLUSION: New EUSTAR standardized mRSS training significantly enhanced mRSS accuracy, especially in participant with less previous experience in skin scoring.


Assuntos
Educação Médica Continuada/métodos , Capacitação em Serviço/métodos , Esclerodermia Difusa/diagnóstico , Esclerodermia Limitada/diagnóstico , Pele/patologia , Gravação em Vídeo , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , República da Coreia , Esclerodermia Difusa/patologia , Esclerodermia Limitada/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
17.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 36 Suppl 113(4): 68-75, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30277860

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe differences in clinical presentation between men and women in a large group of patients with early (<3 years' duration) systemic sclerosis (SSc) according to disease subsets. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of the prospective EULAR Scleroderma Trial and Research database (EUSTAR) was performed. Patients fulfilling preliminary ACR 1980 classification criteria for SSc, with less than 3 years from the first non-Raynaud's symptom at first entry, were selected. A group of patients with less than 3 years from the first SSc symptom, including Raynaud's phenomenon, was also analysed. SSc related variables, including antibodies, SSc subsets, disease activity and organ involvement were included. Descriptive and bivariate analyses were performed. RESULTS: A total of 1,027 patients were included, 90% Caucasian, 80% women, and 40% with diffuse cutaneous disease. In early stages of SSc, men showed more frequently than women active disease, diffuse cutaneous subset, anti-Scl-70 antibodies, elevated acute phase reactants, muscular and pulmonary involvement. Differences between men and women were confirmed in the limited, but not in the diffuse SSc subset. The results were similar when 650 patients with less than three years from the first SSc symptom, including Raynaud's phenomenon, were analysed. CONCLUSIONS: In early stages of SSc, men present signs and symptoms of more severe disease. In the limited disease subset, men might appear with clinical features and organ involvement similar to those of the diffuse subgroup. In clinical practice, the identification of such differences might help to select the appropriate management for each particular patient.


Assuntos
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Esclerodermia Difusa/diagnóstico , Esclerodermia Limitada/diagnóstico , Proteínas da Fase Aguda/análise , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico , Pneumopatias/etiologia , Masculino , Proteínas Nucleares/imunologia , Prognóstico , Doença de Raynaud/diagnóstico , Doença de Raynaud/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Esclerodermia Difusa/sangue , Esclerodermia Difusa/complicações , Esclerodermia Difusa/imunologia , Esclerodermia Limitada/sangue , Esclerodermia Limitada/complicações , Esclerodermia Limitada/imunologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais
18.
Am J Cardiol ; 122(7): 1249-1254, 2018 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30082039

RESUMO

Cardiac involvement in systemic sclerosis (SSc) implies a worse prognosis. Little is known about the right atrial (RA) mechanics in this disease, but recent data suggest that it correlates well with the functional capacity of the patients in conditions with known right heart involvement. Thus we aimed to investigate the abnormalities of the RA function as compared with healthy subjects and to assess the potential correlations between RA mechanics and the functional capacity in SSc patients using 2D speckle tracking technique. A total of 70 SSc patients (age: 57 ± 12 years) were investigated. Functional capacity was measured with 6-minute walk test (6MWT). Echocardiographic parameters of the right ventricular (RV) systolic function (TAPSE, RVFAC), parameters of the tricuspid inflow (E, A), and tricuspid annular systolic (S), early- (e') and late- (a') diastolic myocardial velocities were measured. RV wall thickness was obtained. RA reservoir (εR), conduit (εCD), and contractile (εCT) strain were measured. RA stiffness was calculated as ratio of E/e' to εR. Echocardiographic data were compared with an age- and gender-matched group of 25 healthy volunteers. RA εR (49.3 ± 10.7 vs 59.6 ± 9.9%, p = 0.000) and εCD (26.8 ± 8.1 vs 34.3 ± 7.3%, p = 0.000) were significantly lower in SSc patients. No significant difference was found in εCT (22.9 ± 5.8 vs 25.3 ± 5.7%, p = 0.082). RA stiffness was significantly increased in SSc patients (0.11 ± 0.04 vs 0.08 ± 0.02, p = 0.001). 6MWT distance was 391 ± 95m. In stepwise multiple linear regression analysis RV wall thickness (r = -0.289, p = 0.030) and RA stiffness (r = -0.418, p = 0.002) became independent predictors of 6MWT distance. In conclusion, RA εR and εCD are impaired, while RA stiffness is increased in SSc compared with healthy subjects. Speckle tracking-derived RA stiffness is turned out to be one of the main determinants of the functional capacity in SSc patients.


Assuntos
Função do Átrio Direito/fisiologia , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Átrios do Coração/fisiopatologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Teste de Caminhada
19.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 70(11): 1829-1834, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29781588

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Data on the role of tobacco exposure in systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma) severity and progression are scarce. We aimed to assess the effects of smoking on the evolution of pulmonary and skin manifestations, based on the European Scleroderma Trials and Research group database. METHODS: Adult SSc patients with data on smoking history and a 12-24-month follow-up visit were included. Associations of severity and progression of organ involvement with smoking history and the Comprehensive Smoking Index were assessed using multivariable regression analyses. RESULTS: A total of 3,319 patients were included (mean age 57 years, 85% female); 66% were never smokers, 23% were ex-smokers, and 11% were current smokers. Current smokers had a lower percentage of antitopoisomerase autoantibodies than previous or never smokers (31% versus 40% and 45%, respectively). Never smokers had a higher baseline forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity (FEV1 /FVC) ratio than previous and current smokers (P < 0.001). The FEV1 /FVC ratio declined faster in current smokers than in never smokers (P = 0.05) or ex-smokers (P = 0.01). The baseline modified Rodnan skin thickness score (MRSS) and the MRSS decline were comparable across smoking groups. Although heavy smoking (>25 pack-years) increased the odds of digital ulcers by almost 50%, there was no robust adverse association of smoking with digital ulcer development. CONCLUSION: The known adverse effect of smoking on bronchial airways and alveoli is also observed in SSc patients; however, robust adverse effects of smoking on the progression of SSc-specific pulmonary or cutaneous manifestations were not observed.


Assuntos
Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Pele/patologia , Fumar/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , DNA Topoisomerases/imunologia , Progressão da Doença , Ex-Fumantes , Feminino , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Modelos Logísticos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , não Fumantes , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fumantes , Fumar/imunologia , Fumar/patologia , Capacidade Vital
20.
J Card Fail ; 24(4): 234-242, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29501919

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction is common in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Less is known, however, about left atrial (LA) mechanics in this context. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between LV diastolic function and LA mechanics in SSc patients with the use of volumetric and 2-dimensional speckle tracking-derived strain techniques and to compare the results with those obtained in healthy subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy-two SSc patients and 30 healthy volunteers (H) were investigated. LV diastolic function was classified as normal (I), impaired relaxation (II), and pseudonormal pattern (III). LA reservoir (H: 51.8 ± 7.4%; I: 45.1 ± 8.1%; II: 42.2 ± 6.6%; III: 36.6 ± 7.3%; analysis of variance: P < .001) and contractile strain (H: 24.8 ± 4.9%; I: 18.2 ± 4.4%; II: 21.5 ± 2.8%; III: 16.8 ± 3.6%; P < .001) already showed significant worsening in SSc patients with preserved LV diastolic function compared with healthy subjects. LA conduit strain (H: 27.1 ± 4.6%; I: 26.9 ± 5.7%; II: 20.6 ± 6.1%; III: 19.5 ± 5.3%; P < .001) was preserved in this early phase. Further deterioration of reservoir strain was pronounced in the pseudonormal group only. LA contractile strain increased significantly in the impaired relaxation group and then decreased with the further worsening of the LV diastolic function. Regarding phasic volume indices, the differences between groups were not always statistically significant. CONCLUSION: LA mechanics strongly reflects the changes in LV diastolic function in SSc. On the other hand, strain parameters of the LA reservoir and contractile function already show significant worsening in SSc patients with preserved LV diastolic function, suggesting that impairment of the LA mechanics is an early sign of myocardial involvement in SSc.


Assuntos
Função do Átrio Esquerdo/fisiologia , Átrios do Coração/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Contração Miocárdica/fisiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Diástole , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
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