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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478334

RESUMO

AIMS: To establish the value of the SYNTAX Score-II (SS-II) in predicting long-term mortality of patients treated with left main PCI (LM-PCI) using second-generation drug-eluting stents (DES). METHODS AND RESULTS: The SYNTAX score (SS) and the SS-II were calculated in 804 patients included in the FAILS-2 registry (failure in left main study with 2nd generation stents). Patients were classified in low (SS-II ≤33; n = 278, 34.6%), intermediate (SS-II 34-43; n = 260, 32.3%) and high (SS-II ≥44; n = 266, 33.1%) SS-II tertiles. Primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. A significant difference in long-term mortality was noted (5.2 ± 3.6 years): 4.1, 7.5, and 16.7% in low, mid and high SS-II tertiles respectively (p < .001). SS-II score was more accurate in predicting mortality than SS (AUC = 0.73; 95%CI: 0.67-0.79 vs. AUC = 0.55; 95%CI: 0.48-0.63, respectively; p < .001). SS-II led to a reclassification in the risk of all-cause mortality re-allocating 73% of patients from the CABG-only indication to PCI or equipoise PCI-or-CABG indication. Using multiple Cox regression analysis, SS-II (HR: 1.07; 95%CI: 1.05-1.09; p < .001), along with Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) (HR: 1.66; 95%CI: 1.03-2.66; p = .07) and Cardiogenic shock (CS) (HR: 2.82 (95%CI: 1.41-5.64; p = .003) were independent predictors of long-term mortality. SS-II (HR: 1.05; 95%CI: 1.04-1.06; p < .001) along with Insulin dependent Type 2 DM (HR: 1.58, 95%CI: 1.09-2.30.; p < .05), ACS (HR: 1.58, 95%CI: 1.16-2.14; p < .001) and CS (HR: 2.02 95%CI 1.16-3.53; p < .05), were independent predictors of long-term MACE. CONCLUSION: The SS-II was superior to the SS in predicting outcomes associated with contemporary LM-PCI. In this real-world population, two clinical variables not included in the SS-II, ACS and T2DM, were identified as additional markers of poor outcome.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511896

RESUMO

AIMS: Aim of the present study was to establish the safety and efficacy profile of prasugrel and ticagrelor in real-life acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with renal dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: All consecutive patients from RENAMI and BLEEMACS registries were stratified according to estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) lower or greater than 60mL/min/1.73m2. Death and myocardial infarction (MI) were the primary efficacy endpoints. Major bleedings (MB), defined as Bleeding Academic Research Consortium bleeding types 3 to 5, constituted the safety endpoint.19255 patients were enrolled. Mean age was 63 ± 12; 14892 (77.3%) were males. 2490 (12.9%) patients had chronic kidney disease (CKD), defined as eGFR<60mL/min/1.73m2. Mean follow-up was 13±5 months. Mortality was significantly higher in CKD patients (9.4% vs 2.6%, p < 0.0001), as well as the incidence of reinfarction (5.8% vs 2.9%, p < 0.0001) and MB (5.7% vs 3%, p < 0.0001). At Cox multivariable analysis, potent P2Y12 inhibitors significantly reduced the mortality rate (HR 0.82, 95% CI 0.54-0.96, p = 0.006) and the risk of reinfarction (HR 0.53, 95% CI 0.30-0.95, p = 0.033) in CKD patients as compared to clopidogrel. The reduction of risk of re-infarction was confirmed in patients with preserved renal function. Potent P2Y12 inhibitors did not increase the risk of MB in CKD patients (HR 1.00, 95% CI 0.59-1.68, p = 0.985). CONCLUSION: In ACS patients with CKD, prasugrel and ticagrelor are associated with lower risk of death and recurrent MI without increasing the risk of MB.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal approach to guide percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has yet to be defined. The aim of this study was to compare functional driven (fractional flow reserve) versus intravascular imaging (intravascular ultrasound, IVUS, and/or optical coherence tomography, OCT) versus standard (coronary angiography only, CA)-guided PCI. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and propensity score weight-matched studies (PSWMs) comparing FFR versus IVUS versus OCT versus CA-guided PCI were included. Major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE; a composite end point of death or myocardial infarction [MI] or revascularization) was the primary endpoint, whereas definite stent thrombosis (ST) and single components of MACE were the secondary ones. Primary analyses were performed including only RCTs, secondary also with PSWMs. RESULTS: Thirty-three studies were included in the analysis, 16 RCTs and 17 PSWMs. After 2 (1-3) years, IVUS performed better for MACE than CA (odds ratio [OR] 0.75 0.52-0.88), whereas there was just a trend for FFR (OR 0.81, 0.64-1.02). These results were mainly driven by reduced risk of all cause death, MI (FFR OR 0.74:0.57-0.99 and IVUS OR 0.82:0.54-0.94) and revascularization. IVUS reduced ST while FFR did not, and at meta-regression analysis, there was a trend for superiority of IVUS versus FFR to reduce subsequent MI in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. The present results were consistent also after adding studies with PSWMs. CONCLUSIONS: Functional and intravascular imaging approaches seem to perform similarly in term of clinical outcomes, while both performed better compared with the standard approach. Imaging showed a potential benefit for ACS patients. The present results stress the need for a wider use of functional or imaging driven PCI.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385427

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Evaluate safety and efficacy of polymer-free biolimus-eluting stents (PF-BESs) versus ultrathin stents in unprotected left main (ULM) or bifurcation. BACKGROUND: PF-BESs due to reduced length of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) are increasingly used. However, there are limited data about safety and efficacy for ULM or bifurcation. METHODS: We selected all-patients treated for ULM or bifurcation from two multicenter real life registries (RAIN [NCT03544294] evaluating ultrathin stents, CHANCE [NCT03622203] appraising PF-BES). After propensity score with matching, the primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE; a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularization [TLR], and stent thrombosis [ST]), while its components along with target vessel revascularization (TVR) secondary endpoints. RESULTS: Three thousand and three patients treated with ultrathin stents and 446 with PF-BESs, resulting respectively in 562 and 281 after propensity score with matching (33 and 22%, respectively, with ULM disease). After 12 (8-20) months, rates of MACE were similar (9 vs. 8%, p = 0.56) without difference in TLR and ST (3.0 vs. 1.7%, p = .19 and 1.8 vs. 1.1%, p = .42). These results were consistent for ULM group (3 vs. 1.7% and 1.8 vs. 1.1%, p = .49 and .76), for non-ULM group (2.1 vs. 3.4%, p = .56 and 1.2 vs. 1.7%, p = .78) and for two-stent strategy (8.7 vs. 4.5% and 4.3 vs. 3.2%, p = .75 and .91). Among patients treated with 1 month of DAPT in both groups, those with ultrathin stents experienced higher rates of MACE related to all-cause death (22 vs. 12%, p = .04) with higher although not significant rates of ST (3 vs. 0%, p = .45). CONCLUSIONS: PF-BES implanted on ULM or BiF offered freedom from TLR and ST comparable to ultrathin stents. PF-BESs patients assuming DAPT for 1 month experienced a lower despite not significant incidence of ST.

5.
J Hypertens ; 2019 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385870

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In experimental animal models, exogenous aldosterone excess has been linked to the progression of renal disease. However, the evidence of an increased risk of renal damage in patients affected by primary aldosteronism remains controversial. We aimed at evaluating the association between primary aldosteronism and renal damage through a meta-analysis. METHODS: We performed a quantitative review of studies evaluating parameters of renal function in patients affected by primary aldosteronism compared with hypertensive patients without primary aldosteronism and in patients affected by primary aldosteronism before and after treatment. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from January 1960 up to April 2019. RESULTS: Forty-six studies including 6056 patients with primary aldosteronism and 9733 patients affected by arterial hypertension without primary aldosteronism were included. After 8.5 years from hypertension diagnosis, patients with primary aldosteronism had an increased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) compared with hypertensive patients without primary aldosteronism [by 3.37 ml/min IQR (0.82-5.93)] and a more severe albuminuria [standard mean difference 0.55 (0.19-0.91)], resulting into an association with microalbuminuria [odds ratio (OR) 2.09 (1.40; 3.12)] and proteinuria [OR 2.68 (1.89;3.79)]. Following primary aldosteronism treatment, after a median follow-up of 12 months, a reduction in eGFR was observed [by -10.69 ml/min (-13.23; -8.16)], consistent in both medically and surgically treated patients. Similarly, a reduction in albumin excretion and an increase in serum creatinine were observed after treatment. CONCLUSION: Patients affected by primary aldosteronism, compared with patients affected by arterial hypertension without primary aldosteronism, display a more pronounced target organ damage, which can be mitigated by the specific treatment.

6.
Can J Cardiol ; 35(8): 1047-1057, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376906

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal strategy and timing of revascularization in hemodynamically stable patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and multivessel disease is unknown. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the comparative efficacy and safety of early complete revascularization vs culprit-only or staged revascularization in this setting. METHODS: We searched the literature for randomized clinical trials that assessed this issue. Early complete revascularization was defined as a complete revascularization achieved during the index procedure or within 72 hours. Efficacy outcomes were major adverse cardiovascular events, myocardial infarction, repeat revascularization, and all-cause mortality. Safety outcomes were all bleeding events, stroke, and contrast-induced acute kidney injury. RESULTS: Nine randomized clinical trials with a total of 2837 patients were included; 1254 received early complete revascularization and 1583 were treated with other revascularization strategies. After a mean follow-up of 15.3 ± 9.4 months early complete revascularization was associated with a lower risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (relative risk [RR], 0.51; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.41-0.62; P < 0.00001; number needed to treat = 8), myocardial infarction (RR, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.40-0.87), and repeat revascularization (RR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.28-0.55) without any difference in all-cause mortality and in safety outcomes compared with culprit-only or staged revascularization. Moreover, fractional flow reserve-guided complete revascularization reduced the incidence of repeat revascularization compared with angiography-guided procedure (χ2 = 4.36; P = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Early complete revascularization should be considered in hemodynamically stable patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and multivessel disease deemed suitable for percutaneous interventions. Fractional flow reserve-guided complete revascularization might be superior to angiography-guided procedures in reducing need for further interventions.

8.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31334704

RESUMO

AIMS: A large trial established the favorable clinical profile of a new polymer-free biolimus-A9-eluting stent (PF-BES) with a 1-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) regimen in patients at high bleeding risk (HBR). We evaluated the real-world patterns of indications, DAPT strategies and outcomes for the PF-BES following this evidence. METHODS AND RESULTS: CHANCE is a multicenter registry including all patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with at least one PF-BES. Reasons for PF-BES PCI and planned antithrombotic regimens were collected. Primary outcomes were the 390-day Kaplan Meier estimates of a patient-oriented and a device-oriented composite endpoints (POCE: death, myocardial infarction [MI] or target vessel revascularization [TVR]; DOCE: cardiac death, target vessel-MI or ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization [ID-TLR]). Between January 2016 and July 2018, 858 patients (age: 74 ±10 years, 64.6% males, 58.7% acute coronary syndrome presentation) underwent PF-BES PCI. Main reasons for PF-BES physician's choice reflected a perceived HBR in 77.7% of patients. One-month DAPT was planned in 40.3% of patients. At 390-day follow-up (median 340 days, interquartile range: 187-390 days) the incident estimate of POCE was 13.1% (any MI 3.7%, any TVR 3.4%) and of DOCE was 7.1% (TV-MI 3.6%, ID-TLR 1.4%); while 390-day estimate of any bleeding event was 11.1% (BARC 3-5 bleeding 3.0%). CONCLUSIONS: In a large all-comers registry, PF-BES was mostly used in HBR patients, frequently followed by very-short DAPT regimen. The reported outcomes suggest a favorable safety and efficacy profile for the PF-BES in a real-world clinical setting. (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03622203).

9.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2019 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256261

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diuretic resistance is a common issue in patients with acute decompensation of advanced chronic heart failure (ACHF). The aim of this trial was to compare boluses and continuous infusion of furosemide in a selected population of patients with ACHF and high risk for diuretic resistance. METHODS: In this single-centre, double-blind, double-dummy, randomized trial, we enrolled 80 patients admitted for acute decompensation of ACHF (NYHA IV, EF ≤ 30%) with criteria of high risk for diuretic resistance (SBP ≤ 110 mmHg, wet score ≥ 12/18, and sodium ≤ 135 mMol/L). Patients were assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive furosemide by bolus every 12 h or by continuous infusion. Diuretic treatment and dummy treatment were prepared by a nurse unassigned to patients' care. The study treatment was continued for up to 72 h. Coprimary endpoints were total urinary output and freedom from congestion at 72 h. RESULTS: 80 patients were enrolled with 40 patients in each treatment arm. Mean daily furosemide was 216 mg in continuous-infusion arm and 195 mg in the bolus intermittent arm. Freedom from congestion (defined as jugular venous pressure of < 8 cm, with no orthopnea and with trace peripheral edema or no edema) occurred more in the continuous infusion than in the bolus arm (48% vs. 25%, p = 0.04), while total urinary output after 72 h was 8612 ± 2984 ml in the bolus arm and 10,020 ± 3032 ml in the continuous arm (p = 0.04). Treatment failure occurred less in the continuous-infusion group (15% vs. 38%, p = 0.02), while there was no significant difference between groups in the incidence of worsening of renal function. CONCLUSION: Among patients with acute decompensation of ACHF and high risk of diuretic resistance, continuous infusion of intravenous furosemide was associated with better decongestion. DRAIN TRIAL: ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT03592836.

10.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 56(3): 488-494, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31321408

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We examined the incidence, the impact of subsequent cerebrovascular events and the clinical or procedural predictors of leaflet thrombosis (LT) in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). METHODS: MEDLINE/PubMed was systematically screened for studies reporting on LT in TAVI patients. Incidence [both clinical and subclinical, i.e. detected with computed tomography (CT)] of LT was the primary end point of the study. Predictors of LT evaluated at multivariable analysis and impact of LT on stroke were the secondary ones. RESULTS: Eighteen studies encompassing 11 124 patients evaluating incidence of LT were included. Pooled incidence of LT was 0.43% per month [5.16% per year, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.21-0.72, I2 = 98%]. Pooled incidence of subclinical LT was 1.36% per month (16.32% per year, 95% CI 0.71-2.19, I2 = 94%). Clinical LT was less frequent (0.04% per month, 0.48% per year, 95% CI 0.00-0.19, I2 = 93%). LT increased the risk of stroke [odds ratio (OR) 4.21, 95% CI 1.27-13.98], and was more frequent in patients with a valve diameter of 28-mm (OR 2.89: 1.55-5.8), for balloon-expandable (OR 8: 2.1-9.7) or after valve-in-valve procedures (OR 17.1: 3.1-84.9). Oral anticoagulation therapy reduced the risk of LT (OR 0.43, 95% CI: 0.22-0.84, I2 = 64%), as well as the mean transvalvular gradient. CONCLUSIONS: LT represents an infrequent event after TAVI, despite increasing risk of stroke. Given its full reversal with warfarin, in high-risk patients (those with valve-in-valve procedures, balloon expandable or large-sized devices), a protocol which includes a control CT appears reasonable.

11.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(15): e010881, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311438

RESUMO

Background Clinical characteristics and outcomes of takotsubo syndrome (TTS) patients with malignancy have not been fully elucidated. This study sought to explore differences in clinical characteristics and to investigate short- and long-term outcomes in TTS patients with or without malignancy. Methods and Results TTS patients were enrolled from the International Takotsubo Registry. The TTS cohort was divided into patients with and without malignancy to investigate differences in clinical characteristics and to assess short- and long-term mortality. A subanalysis was performed comparing long-term mortality between a subset of TTS patients with or without malignancy and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with or without malignancy. Malignancy was observed in 16.6% of 1604 TTS patients. Patients with malignancy were older and more likely to have physical triggers, but less likely to have emotional triggers compared with those without malignancy. Long-term mortality was higher in patients with malignancy (P<0.001), while short-term outcome was comparable (P=0.17). In a subanalysis, long-term mortality was comparable between TTS patients with malignancies and ACS patients with malignancies (P=0.13). Malignancy emerged as an independent predictor of long-term mortality. Conclusions A substantial number of TTS patients show an association with malignancy. History of malignancy might increase the risk for TTS, and therefore, appropriate screening for malignancy should be considered in these patients. Clinical Trial Registration URL: http://www.clinicaltrial.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01947621.

12.
Int J Cardiol ; 290: 70-76, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31109777

RESUMO

The real prognostic impact of MitraClip in patients with significant functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction remains to be elucidated. Two randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with conflicting results have been recently published. We conducted a comprehensive meta-analysis of all RCTs and adjusted observational studies to evaluate the clinical impact of percutaneous mitral valve repair when compared with optimal medical therapy (OMT) alone, in patients with symptomatic FMR and LV dysfunction. Death from any cause and heart failure rehospitalizations at the longest available follow-up were the primary endpoints. Cardiac death, one year and short-term death were the secondary ones. 2255 patients (1207 for MitraClip and 1048 for OMT-only) from 8 studies (2 RCTs and 6 observational studies) were included. At a median (mid-term) follow-up of 438 days (IQR 360-625) MitraClip was associated with a significant reduction of all-cause death (odds Ratio [OR] 0.55, 95%CI 0.41-0.73, p < 0.001; [ORadj] 0.66, 95%CI 0.49-0.90, p = 0.009) and rehospitalization (OR 0.49, 95%CI 0.24-1.00, p = 0.05 and ORadj 0.63, 95%CI 0.43-0.94, p = 0.02). At one year, adjusted analysis demonstrated a trend favoring the experimental cohort (ORadj 0.73, 95%CI 0.53-1.02, p = 0.07). Meta-regression suggested that benefit of MitraClip on mid-term survival persists even after accounting for the prevalence of implanted CRT, burden of comorbidities, NYHA class, cardiomyopathy etiology and LV function and dimensions. In conclusion, MitraClip for FMR in patients with LV dysfunction is associated with a considerable reduction of death and HF hospitalization at mid-term follow-up. Further ongoing RCTs are needed to strengthen present results.

14.
Immunotherapy ; 11(8): 725-735, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31088241

RESUMO

Background: With antiprogrammed death receptor-1 (anti-PD-L1) therapy, a recent meta-analysis reported higher incidence of cutaneous, endocrine and gastrointestinal complications especially with dual anti-PD-L1 immunotherapy (IMM). Methods: Our primary outcome was assessment of all cardiotoxicity grades in IMM compared with different treatments, thus a systemic review and a meta-analysis on randomized clinical trials (RCTs) were done. Results: We included 11 RCTs with 6574 patients (3234 patients in IMM arm vs 3340 patients in the other arm). Three non-small-cell lung cancer RCTs, seven melanoma RCTs and only one prostatic cancer RCT met the inclusion criteria. There were five RCTs that compared monoimmunotherapy to chemotherapy "(n = 2631 patients)". No difference exists in all cardiotoxicity grades or high-grade cardiotoxicity (p > 0.05). Lung cancer exhibited a higher response rate and lower mortality in IMM. Conclusion: There was no reported statistically significant cardiotoxicity associated with anti-PD/PD-L1 use. Lung cancer subgroups showed better response and survival rates.

15.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; : 2048872619827471, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31042052

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The rate of intracranial haemorrhage after an acute coronary syndrome has been studied in detail in the era of thrombolysis; however, in the contemporary era of percutaneous coronary intervention, most of the data have been derived from clinical trials. With this background, we aim to analyse the incidence, timing, predictors and prognostic impact of post-discharge intracranial haemorrhage in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS: We analysed data from the BleeMACS registry (patients discharged for acute coronary syndrome and undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention from Europe, Asia and America, 2003-2014). Analyses were conducted using a competing risk framework. Uni and multivariate predictors of intracranial haemorrhage were assessed using the Fine-Gray proportional hazards regression analysis. The endpoint was 1-year post-discharge intracranial haemorrhage. RESULTS: Of 11,136 patients, 30 presented with intracranial haemorrhage during the first year (0.27%). The median time to intracranial haemorrhage was 150 days (interquartile range 55.7-319.5). The fatality rate of intracranial haemorrhage was very high (30%). After multivariate analysis, only age (subhazard ratio 1.05, 95% confidence interval 1.01-1.07) and prior stroke/transient ischaemic attack (hazard ratio 3.29, 95% confidence interval 1.36-8.00) were independently associated with a higher risk of intracranial haemorrhage. Hypertension showed a trend to associate with higher intracranial haemorrhage rate. The combination of older age (⩾75 years), prior stroke/transient ischaemic attack, and/or hypertension allowed us to identify most of the patients with intracranial haemorrhage (86.7%). The annual rate of intracranial haemorrhage was 0.1% in patients with no risk factors, 0.2% in those with one factor, 0.6% in those with two factors and 1.3% in those with three factors. CONCLUSION: The incidence of intracranial haemorrhage in the first year after an acute coronary syndrome treated with percutaneous coronary intervention is low. Advanced age, previous stroke/transient ischaemic attack, and hypertension are the main predictors of increased intracranial haemorrhage risk.

16.
Eur Heart J ; 40(26): 2142-2151, 2019 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31098611

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the frequency, clinical features, and prognostic implications of cardiac arrest (CA) in takotsubo syndrome (TTS). METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed the records of patients with CA and known heart rhythm from the International Takotsubo Registry. The main outcomes were 60-day and 5-year mortality. In addition, predictors of mortality and predictors of CA during the acute TTS phase were assessed. Of 2098 patients, 103 patients with CA and known heart rhythm during CA were included. Compared with patients without CA, CA patients were more likely to be younger, male, and have apical TTS, atrial fibrillation (AF), neurologic comorbidities, physical triggers, and longer corrected QT-interval and lower left ventricular ejection fraction on admission. In all, 57.1% of patients with CA at admission had ventricular fibrillation/tachycardia, while 73.7% of patients with CA in the acute phase had asystole/pulseless electrical activity. Patients with CA showed higher 60-day (40.3% vs. 4.0%, P < 0.001) and 5-year mortality (68.9% vs. 16.7%, P < 0.001) than patients without CA. T-wave inversion and intracranial haemorrhage were independently associated with higher 60-day mortality after CA, whereas female gender was associated with lower 60-day mortality. In the acute phase, CA occurred less frequently in females and more frequently in patients with AF, ST-segment elevation, and higher C-reactive protein on admission. CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac arrest is relatively frequent in TTS and is associated with higher short- and long-term mortality. Clinical and electrocardiographic parameters independently predicted mortality after CA.

17.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31105064

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: For patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), it is unclear whether angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) are associated with reduced mortality, particularly with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). The goal of this study was to determine the association between ACEI/ARB and mortality in ACS patients undergoing PCI, with and without reduced LVEF. METHODS: Data from the BleeMACS registry were used. The endpoint was 1-year all-cause mortality. The prognostic value of ACEI/ARB was tested after weighting by survival-time inverse probability and after adjustment by Cox regression, propensity score, and instrumental variable analysis. RESULTS: Among 15 401 ACS patients who underwent PCI, ACEI/ARB were prescribed in 75.2%. There were 569 deaths (3.7%) during the first year after hospital discharge. After multivariable adjustment, ACEI/ARB were associated with lower 1-year mortality, ≤ 40% (HR, 0.62; 95%CI, 0.43-0.90; P=.012). The relative risk reduction of ACEI/ARB in mortality was 46.1% in patients with LVEF ≤ 40%, and 15.7% in patients with LVEF> 40% (P value for treatment-by-LVEF interaction=.008). For patients with LVEF> 40%, ACEI/ARB was associated with lower mortality only in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (HR, 0.44; 95%CI, 0.21-0.93; P=.031). CONCLUSION: The benefit of ACEI/ARB in decreasing mortality after an ACS in patients undergoing PCI is concentrated in patients with LVEF ≤ 40%, and in those with LVEF> 40% and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. In non-ST-segment elevation-ACS patients with LVEF> 40%, further studies are needed to assess the prognostic impact of ACEI/ARB.

18.
Int J Cardiol ; 290: 64-69, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30971372

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for complex lesions, including unprotected left main (ULM) and bifurcations, is gaining a relevant role in treating coronary artery disease with good outcomes, also thanks to new generation stents. The daily risk of adverse cardiovascular events and their temporal distribution after these procedures is not known. METHODS: All consecutive patients presenting with a critical lesion of ULM or bifurcation treated with very thin struts stents, enrolled in the RAIN-Cardiogroup VII study, were analyzed. The daily risk of major acute cardiovascular events (MACE), target lesion revascularization (TLR) and stent thrombosis (ST) and their temporal distribution in the first year of follow-up was the primary endpoint. Differences among subgroups (ULM, patient presentation, kind of stent polymer) were the secondary endpoint. RESULTS: 2745 patients were included, mean age 68 ±â€¯11 years, 33.3% diabetics, 54.5% had an acute coronary syndrome (ACS); 88.5% of treated lesions were bifurcations, 27.2% ULM. Average daily risk was 0.022% for MACE, 0.005% for TLR and 0.004% for ST, in the first year. Bimodal distribution of adverse events, especially TLR, with an early peak in the first 50 days and a late one after 150 days, was observed. Patients with ULM presented a significantly higher daily risk of events, and ACS patients presented higher MACE risk. No difference emerged according to the type of stent polymer. CONCLUSIONS: The daily risk of adverse events in the first year after complex PCI in our study is acceptably low. PCI on ULM carries a higher risk of complications.

19.
Am J Cardiovasc Drugs ; 19(4): 381-391, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31030413

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited data are available concerning differences in clinical outcomes for real-life patients treated with ticagrelor versus prasugrel after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine and compare the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor and prasugrel in a real-world population. METHODS: RENAMI was a retrospective, observational registry including the data and outcomes of consecutive patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) who underwent primary PCI and were discharged with dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) between January 2012 and January 2016. The mean follow-up period was 17 ± 9 months. In total, 11 university hospitals from six European countries participated. After propensity-score matching, there were no substantial differences in the baseline clinical and interventional features. All patients were treated with acetylsalicylic acid plus prasugrel 10 mg once daily or acetylsalicylic acid plus ticagrelor 90 mg twice daily. Mean duration of DAPT was 12.04 ± 3.4 months with prasugrel and 11.90 ± 4.1 months with ticagrelor (p = 0.47). The primary and secondary endpoints were long-term net adverse clinical events (NACE) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), respectively, along with their single components. Subgroup analysis for freedom from NACE and MACE was performed according to length of DAPT and clinical presentation [ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)-ACS versus non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI)-ACS]. RESULTS: In total, 4424 patients (2725 ticagrelor, 1699 prasugrel) were enrolled. After propensity-score matching, 1290 patients in each cohort were included in the analysis. At 12 months, the incidence of both NACE and MACE was lower with prasugrel (NACE: 5.3% vs. 8.5% [p = 0.001]; MACE: 5% vs. 8.1% [p =  0.001]) mainly driven by a reduction in recurrent myocardial infarction (MI) (2.4 vs. 4.0%; p = 0.029) and a lower rate of Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) 3-5 bleeding (1.5 vs. 2.9%; p = 0.011). The benefit of prasugrel was confirmed for patients with NSTEMI and for those discharged with a DAPT regimen of ≤ 12 months. Only a trend in the reduction of NACE and MACE was noted for STEMI or for those treated with longer DAPT. CONCLUSIONS: Comparison of these drugs suggested that prasugrel is safer and more efficacious than ticagrelor in combination with aspirin after NSTEMI but not STEMI. No differences were found for events occurring after 12 months. The nonrandomized design of the present research means further studies are required to support these findings.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30980471

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In new generation drug eluting stents (DESs) era, the impact of stent geometry on freedom from recurrent events has been poorly explored. Impact of struts thickness and the number of crowns and connectors on clinical outcomes were evaluated in the present study. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials comparing last generation DESs were selected. The primary endpoint was the rate of target lesion revascularization (TLR), while secondary was definite stent thrombosis (ST). RESULTS: Fifty-three studies with 52,006 patients were included. A struts thickness ≤81 nm was associated with a lower incidence of TLR (2.9%: 2.4-3.4 vs. 3.6%: 3.0-4.3) and ST (0.8%: 0.6-1.1 vs. 1.3%: 0.9-1.8). A mean number of connectors >2.5 was also associated with a lower incidence of TLR (3.2%: 2.8-3.6 vs. 3.5%: 2.9-4.2) and ST (1.0%:0.8-1.3 vs. 1.3%: 0.9-1.7 vs. for ST). On the other hand, stents with average number of crowns <7.5 did not perform better than stents with higher average number of crowns. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of the study support that lower struts thickness and higher numbers of connectors have a positive clinical outcome reducing stent thrombosis and target lesion revascularizations, while the average number of stent crowns plays a secondary role.

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