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1.
Health Promot Int ; 35(1): e51-e58, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30689849

RESUMO

This study aims to analyse the association between perceived presence of public spaces near residences and practice of physical activity during leisure time by adults in the state capitals of Brazil, based on sociodemographic characteristics. Participants were individuals aged ≥18 years living in the 27 state capitals of Brazil (n = 52 929, 53.9% female) who responded to a national survey called VIGITEL in 2013. Physical activity during leisure time (≥1 time/week), perception of space, population and sociodemographic variables (sex, age, years of study and geographic region) were self-reported. The adjusted binary logistic regression analysis was used. Among adults, the prevalence of physical activity during leisure was 45.1% (95% CI [44.2; 46.0]), and 71.1% (95% CI [70.2, 71.8]) perceived public space near their residence. A direct association between perceiving public space and physical activity ([OR] = 1.43; 95% CI [1.32; 1.55]) was observed. No significant difference was observed in the population groups (men and women, younger and older adults, and those with more and fewer years of study). Thus, even with the possible regional differences in Brazilian state capitals, the presence of public spaces increases the practice of physical activity during leisure time, independent of sociodemographic variables.

2.
Health Promot Int ; 2019 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31220247

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the association between simultaneity of leisure-time physical inactivity and high television time with the presence of chronic diseases in adults and older adults in Brazil. We analyzed secondary data from Vigitel 2013 database, a cross-sectional national survey. It was included 37 947 adults (18-59 years) and 14 982 older adults (≥60 years) living in Brazilian state capitals. The association was between simultaneity of risk behaviors considering leisure-time physical inactivity (<10 min/day) and high television time (≥2 h/day), with the presence of chronic diseases (diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension and obesity), measured according to the age group. We performed a binary logistic regression, crude and adjusted analysis, using weighted to reflect population estimates. In adults, there was an association between leisure-time physical inactivity and television time with the presence of diseases. In practice, the simultaneity of risk behaviors when compared with those without risk behavior had higher odds for diabetes (OR = 1.83), dyslipidemia (OR = 1.17), hypertension (OR = 1.54) and obesity (OR = 1.60). In older adults, the simultaneity was associated with diabetes (OR = 1.61), hypertension (OR = 1.33) and obesity (OR = 1.81). We concluded that for adults and older adults the simultaneity of leisure-time physical inactivity and high television time increased the odds for the presence of chronic disease, especially for diabetes and obesity.

3.
Contemp Clin Trials Commun ; 15: 100358, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31049461

RESUMO

The literature discusses that combined training, aerobic more resistance exercises in the same session, is a suitable strategy for people with obesity and that exercise periodization leads to positive health outcomes; however, the implication of different periodizations of combined training for health outcomes in obese adults requires further investigation. The aim of the study will be to describe the methodology used to compare the effect of linear periodized and non-periodized combined training on health markers and health-related physical fitness in adults with obesity. This is a blinded randomized controlled clinical trial investigating adults with obesity in the age group 20-50 years. The sample will be non-probabilistic, and participants will be allocated randomly into one of three groups: control group (CG), non-periodized group (NG), and periodized group (PG). The intervention will occur in 60-min sessions, 3 days a week for 16 weeks, with 1 week dedicated to familiarization with the training and 15 weeks of combined training (aerobic followed by resistance in the same session). The PG group will perform three mesocycles of 5 weeks each, progressing in intensity throughout the intervention [aerobic: from 40-49% to 60-69% of heart rate reserve (HRR); strength: from 12 to 14 maximum repetitions (MR) to 8 to 10MR]; the NG group will maintain the same relative intensity throughout the study (aerobic: 50-59% of HRR; strength: 2 sets of 10-12 MR). Participants in the CG group will maintain their usual activities without the proposed intervention. Pre- and post-intervention assessments will be performed for biochemical markers, body composition, cardiovascular parameters, cardiorespiratory fitness, maximum upper and lower limb strength, flexibility, and subjective health-related parameters. This project was approved by the Committee of Ethics and Research with Human Beings of the institution of origin (protocol 2,448,674) and registered in the Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials (RBR-3c7rt3).

4.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 32: e180276, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1041307

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the association between different domains (leisure, work, commuting, and household) of physical activity, independent and cumulative, and excess weight and obesity in Brazilian adults. Methods This is a cross-sectional survey, conducted in 2015, through telephone interviews with a representative sample of adults from the capitals of Brazil. Physical inactivity was defined as non-participation in predefined physical activities for each assessed domain. Excess weight (Body Mass Index?25kg/m2) and obesity (Body Mass Index?30kg/m2) were determined from self-reported measurements of weight and height. A binary logistic regression was conducted after adjusting for sociodemographic factors. Results Among 54,174 subjects, physical inactivity in commuting (ORexcess weight=1.27, 95%CI=1.13,1.42 and ORobesity=1.25, 95%CI=1.06,1.47) and leisure (ORexcess weight=1.12, 95%CI=1.04,1.22 and ORobesity=1.30, 95%CI=1.17,1.45) domains were associated with nutritional status. In addition, a linear trend was observed between increasing obesity and cumulative physical inactivity of all four domains (p<0.001). Conclusion Cumulative physical inactivity, especially in the commuting and leisure domains, was associated with excess weight and obesity in adults living in the capitals of Brazil. One possible explanation of these findings is that these domains involve particularly longer duration and greater intensity of physical inactivity. Public policies concerning physical activity should prioritize actions focused in promoting physical activity on commuting and leisure-time to help prevent overweight and obesity in the Brazilian adult population.


RESUMO Objetivo Investigar a associação entre a atividade física em diferentes domínios (deslocamento, domicílio, lazer e trabalho) isolados e acumulados com a ocorrência de excesso de peso e obesidade em adultos brasileiros. Métodos Trata-se de um inquérito transversal, realizado em 2015, por meio de entrevista telefônica com uma amostra representativa de adultos das capitais do Brasil. A inatividade física foi determinada como a não participação em atividades físicas específicas para cada domínio avaliado. O excesso de peso (Índice de Massa Corporal?25kg/m2) e a obesidade (Índice de Massa Corporal ?30kg/m2) foram definidos pelo autorrelato de peso e altura. Na esta-tística, empregou-se a regressão logística binária ajustada para fatores sociodemográficos. Resultados Dentre os 54.174 sujeitos, observou-se que a inatividade física no deslocamento (OR=1,27; IC95%:1,13;1,42 e OR=1,25; IC95%:1,06;1,47) e no lazer (OR=1,12; IC95%:1,04;1,22 e OR=1,30; IC95%:1,17;1,45) estiveram associadas ao excesso de peso e à obesidade, respectivamente. Observou-se ainda uma tendência linear de aumento da obesidade à medida que se acumulam domínios com inatividade física (p<0,001). Conclusão A inatividade física acumulada em diferentes domínios, particularmente no deslocamento e no lazer, apresentou associação com o excesso de peso e obesidade em adultos residentes nas capitais do Brasil. Possivelmente, importantes características da atividade física nos referidos domínios, como a maior duração e a maior intensidade, sejam potenciais justificativas para o encontro de tais achados. Portanto, recomenda-se que políticas públicas de atividade física possam priorizar ações voltadas para os domínios do deslocamento e do lazer no combate ao excesso de peso e obesidade na população adulta brasileira.

5.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 30(6): 795-804, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1041223

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective Investigate the clustering of four unhealthy food habits (low intake of fruits, low intake of vegetables, high intake of candy, and high intake of fried snacks), and to identify the association between the number of these clustered habits and sociodemographic variables. Methods This was a cross-sectional representative study of industrial workers from 24 Federative Units in Brazil conducted between 2006 and 2008. The low weekly intake of fruits and vegetables (<5 days/week) and high weekly intake of candy and fried snacks (≥5 days/weeks) were evaluated using a validated questionnaire. Simultaneity was analyzed with stratification by sex, calculating the Observed (O) and Expected (E) prevalence and the O/E ratio for each of the 16 possible food intake combinations. Results Among the 47,477 workers studied, in both men and women, the simultaneous presence of high weekly intake of candy and fried snacks(O/E=3.58; 95%CI=3.12-4.10 and O/E=2.17; 95%CI=1.76-2.62) and of the four unhealthy food habits (O/E=2.32; 95%CI=2.01-2.66 and O/E=4.02; 95%CI=3.44-4.65) exceeded the expected percentages if these foods were consumed separately. When compared to subjects without or with only one unhealthy food habit, the combination of the four negative dietary behaviors was more frequent among women, workers with a lower education level, and those living without a partner. Conclusion Unhealthy food habits tend to cluster together in both sexes, suggesting a strong interaction, particularly for the four unhealthy food habits together, especially among women, less educated workers and without a partner.


RESUMO Objetivo Investigar o agrupamento de quatro hábitos alimentares não saudáveis (baixo consumo de fruta, baixo consumo de verdura, alto consumo de doce e alto consumo de salgadinho), e identificar a associação entre a quantidade desses hábitos agrupados e variáveis sociodemográficas. Métodos Esse foi um estudo transversal e representativo de trabalhadores das indústrias de 24 Unidades Federativas do Brasil, realizado de 2006 e 2008. Os baixos consumos semanais de fruta e verdura (<5 dias/semana) e os altos consumos semanais de doce e salgadinho (>5 dias/semana) foram avaliados por questionário validado. A simultaneidade foi analisada com estratificação por sexo, conforme a prevalência Observada (O), Esperada (E), Razão (O/E) para cada uma das 16 combinações possíveis de consumo alimentar. Resultados Nos 47.477 trabalhadores investigados, tanto em homens quanto em mulheres, respectivamente, a presença simultânea alto consumo semanal de doce e salgadinho (O/E=3,58; IC95%=3,12-4,10 e O/E=2,17; IC95%=1,76-2,62) e dos quatro hábitos alimentares não saudáveis juntos (O/E=2,32; IC95%=2,01-2,66 e O/E=4,02; IC95%=3,44-4,65) foram aquelas que mais excederam os percentuais esperados, caso esses alimentos fossem ingeridos de forma independente. Comparados aos sujeitos com nenhum ou um hábito alimentar não saudável, a combinação de quatro comportamentos alimentares negativos foi mais frequente entre as mulheres, trabalhadores com menor nível de escolaridade e que viviam sem companhia. Conclusão Hábitos alimentares não saudáveis tendem a se agrupar em ambos os sexos, sugerindo uma forte interação, especialmente para os quatro hábitos alimentares não saudáveis em conjunto, principalmente nas mulheres, trabalhadores com menor escolaridade e que vivem sem parceiro.

6.
Motriz rev. educ. fís. (Impr.) ; 22(2): 61-68, Apr.-June 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-781523

RESUMO

Walking is a great health promotion strategy due to its beneficial effects. Objetive: To identify the prevalence of walking for leisure and for commuting to work and its association with sociodemographic factors among 47,477 Brazilian workers. Walking and sociodemographic factors were obtained from a self-reported questionnaire. Poisson regression was used. Among men, walking for leisure was more frequent in those who were older, live with a partner, had a higher level of education and income, and worked in the Southeastern region of Brazil. When commuting, it was more prevalent among single men, who had a lower level of education and income and worked in the Southern region of this country. Among women, walking for leisure was more common in those who lived with a partner, had no children, and worked in the Southern region. There was an association between the outcome and age, education and family income. Regarding commuting, it was more prevalent among older individuals, without a partner, with a lower level of education and income, and working in the Southern region. Walking was associated with sociodemographic characteristics, with differences between sexes


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Classe Social , Saúde do Trabalhador , Atividades de Lazer , Estudos Transversais/métodos
7.
Prev Med ; 87: 51-56, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26876633

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the moderating effect of gross family income on the association between demographic indicators and active commuting to work in Brazilian adults. METHODS: Secondary analysis of the survey "Lifestyle and leisure habits of industry workers" (n=46,981), conducted in 24 Brazilian states (2006-2008). Self-reported information was collected with a previously tested questionnaire. Crude and adjusted logistic regression models were applied to analyze the association between sociodemographic variables (sex, age, marital status, number of children, education, country area and company size) and active commuting to work in different strata of gross family income. To test the moderating effect, an interaction analysis was applied. RESULTS: The proportion of active commuters among low-, medium- and high-income workers was 40.7% (95%CI:40.0%;41.5%), 27.0% (95%CI:26.3;27.6%) and 11.1%, (95%CI:10.5%;11.7%), respectively. The moderating effect of gross family income was confirmed. Men were more likely (OR:1.22 95%CI:1.12;1.32) to commute actively than women among low-income individuals. Active commuting was less likely among older workers in low-(OR30-39:0.90 95%CI: 0.83;0.98; OR≥40: 0.76 95%CI: 0.68;0.85) and medium-income strata (OR30-39:0.87 95%CI:0.80;0.95; OR≥40:0.84 95%CI:0.76;0.93) and among married individuals in high-income strata (OR:0.72 95%IC:0.61;0.84). Adults with lower education (ORhigh:10.80 95%CI:8.47;13.77), working in the south (ORhigh:1.93 95%CI:1.53;2.44) and in small companies (ORlow:2.50 95%CI:2.28;2.74) were more likely to commute actively; however, the magnitude of these associations differed at each income strata. CONCLUSION: There was an inverse association between gross family income and active commuting. Gross family income acts as a moderator of the association between demographic indicators and active commuting.


Assuntos
Renda/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Transportes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Emprego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Rev. bras. cineantropom. desempenho hum ; 18(1): 114-126, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-778481

RESUMO

Abstract Leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) has important implications in promoting physical activity among young people. The present study aimed to analyze variations occurred in the 2006-2011 period in LTPA and associated factors among high school boys and girls in the state of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil. A cross-sectional school-based and statewide survey was conducted in 2006 (n = 4,207) and 2011 (n = 6,264), and samples of adolescents (14-19 years) were compared. Data were collected through a questionnaire. The practice of LTPA was obtained by the question “Do you perform regularly, some kind of physical activity in your free time?” Poisson regression was used (confidence interval (CI) 95%) in crude and adjusted analyses stratified by gender. From 2006 to 2011, there was stability in the proportion of adolescents practicing LTPA both among boys (77.5% versus 78.9%) and girls (51.2%, versus 54.0%). The weekly frequency of physical education classes was directly associated with LTPA both in girls and boys, regardless of the survey year. Age, marital status, grade and computer use were significantly associated with LTPA, but there were distinctions between genders and surveys. In conclusion, there was a temporal variation between 2006 and 2011, but the reduction or increment in LTPA practice varied according to stratification of subgroups of adolescents. In general, physical education class was a factor that remained associated with LTPA in the investigated period.


Resumo A prática de atividades físicas no lazer (AFL) tem importante implicação na promoção da atividade física entre jovens. O presente estudo objetivou analisar variações ocorridas, de 2006 a 2011, na AFL e nos fatores associados em estudantes do ensino médio no estado de Pernambuco, Brasil. Foram comparados os resultados de dois inquéritos transversais de base escolar e abrangência estadual, realizados em 2006 (n= 4.207) e 2011 (n= 6.264), com amostras representativas de adolescentes (14 a 19 anos). Os dados foram coletados por meio de questionário. A prática de AFL foi obtida pela questão “Você realiza, regularmente, algum tipo de atividade física no seu tempo livre?”. Empregou-se a regressão de Poisson (IC de 95%) em análises bruta e ajustada estratificadas por sexo. De 2006 para 2011, houve estabilidade na proporção de adolescentes praticantes de AFL, tanto entre os rapazes (de 77,5%; IC95%: 75,5; 79,6 para 78,9%; IC95%: 77,2; 80,6), quanto entre as moças (de 51,2%; IC95%: 48,7; 53,6 para 54,0%; IC95%: 51,8; 56,2). A frequência semanal de aulas de Educação Física esteve diretamente associada à prática de AFL em moças e rapazes, tanto em 2006 quanto em 2011. Idade, estado civil, série de curso e possuir computador estiveram significativamente associados à AFL, mas com distinções entre sexos e inquéritos. Conclui-se que ocorreu variação temporal, entre 2006 e 2011, com redução ou aumento na prevalência de AFL, conforme estratificação dos subgrupos de adolescentes apresentados acima. De um modo geral, o fator aula de Educação Física se manteve associado à AFL no período investigado.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Atividades de Lazer , Atividade Motora
9.
Rev. bras. educ. fís. esp ; 29(4): 653-661, out.-dez. 2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-767864

RESUMO

Resumo O objetivo do estudo foi identificar interação entre gênero e escolaridade na ocorrência de inatividade física em diferentes domínios (deslocamento, domicílio, lazer e trabalho) em adultos de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina. Os dados foram coletados de setembro/2009 a janeiro/2010 com indivíduos de 20 a 59 anos. Empregou-se um delineamento transversal de base populacional e a inatividade física em cada domínio foi definida como a não participação em atividades físicas específicas, avaliadas por questionário validado aplicado por entrevistas face a face. Foram entrevistados 1720 adultos. Nos homens, a prevalência de inatividade física foi mais elevada do que entre as mulheres no deslocamento (56,9% versus 44,5%; p < 0,001, respectivamente) e no domicílio (79,0% versus 40,4%; p < 0,001 respectivamente). No lazer, a inatividade física foi mais frequente entre as mulheres (58,1% versus 45,5%; p < 0,001). Interações entre gênero e escolaridade foram estatisticamente significativas no deslocamento (p = 0,004), domicílio (p < 0,001) e lazer (p = 0,04). No deslocamento, os homens foram mais inativos do que as mulheres dos cinco aos oito anos completos de estudo. A inatividade física no domicilio foi maior entre os homens em todos os níveis de escolaridade, com redução na magnitude das diferenças percentuais entre os gêneros, conforme o aumento da escolaridade. No lazer, as mulheres foram mais inativas do que os homens a partir dos nove anos de estudo. Constataram-se diferentes interações entre gênero e escolaridade conforme os padrões de inatividade física em seus diferentes domínios.


Abstract The aim of the study was to identify interactions between gender and education on the prevalence of physical inactivity in different domains (commuting, household, leisure and work) among adults of Florianopolis, Brazil. Data were collected from September/2009 to January/2010 with individuals 20-59 years old. This was a cross-sectional population-based study, and physical inactivity in each domain was defined as non-participation in specific physical activities, using a validated Brazilian questionnaire administered by face to face interviews. We interviewed 1720 adults. In men, the prevalence of physical inactivity was higher than among women in commuting (56.9% versus 44.5%; p < 0.001, respectively) and at home (79.0% versus 40.4%; p < 0.001, respectively). In leisure, physical inactivity was higher among women (58.1% versus 45.5%; p < 0.001). Interactions between gender and education were statistically significant in commuting (p = 0.004), household (p < 0.001) and leisure (p = 0.04). Men were more inactive than women from five to eight years of schooling. Household physical inactivity was higher among men at all levels of education, with a reduction in the magnitude of the percentage differences between the genders, with increasing of education. In leisure, women were more inactive than men since nine years of study. Different interactions between gender and schooling were observed according to the patterns of physical inactivity in different domains.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Educação , Esforço Físico , Identidade de Gênero , Atividade Motora , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Coleta de Dados
10.
Cad Saude Publica ; 31(5): 1015-24, 2015 May.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26083176

RESUMO

This study focused on the association between socio-demographic characteristics and three sedentary behaviors among industrial workers in Brazil. Data were analyzed on 47,477 workers from 24 Brazilian states, collected by questionnaires from 2006 to 2008. Individual and simultaneous presence of ≥ 4 hours of TV time per day, commuting by car or motorcycle, and sitting most of the time at work were investigated, as well as associations between these behaviors and gender, age, schooling, and family income. Simple and multiple binary logistic regression were used. Older workers and those with more schooling and higher income had increased odds of presenting two or all of the three target behaviors. Associations between gender and sedentary behaviors depend on the specific behavior. Such information can be useful for planning interventions to reduce sedentary behavior, with better targeting and more effectiveness in reaching different population subgroups.


Assuntos
Saúde do Trabalhador , Comportamento Sedentário , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Cad. saúde pública ; 31(5): 1015-1024, 05/2015. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-749072

RESUMO

O objetivo foi investigar a associação entre aspectos sociodemográficos e três comportamentos sedentários em trabalhadores da indústria no Brasil. Analisaram-se dados de 47.477 trabalhadores das indústrias de 24 Unidades Federativas, coletados por questionário de 2006 a 2008. Analisou-se a presença individual e simultânea de assistência à televisão ≥ 4 horas/dia, deslocamento de carro ou moto para o trabalho e passar a maior parte do tempo sentado no trabalho, assim como a associação desses comportamentos sedentários com sexo, idade, renda familiar mensal e nível de escolarização. Para tanto, utilizou-se a regressão logística binária simples e múltipla. Trabalhadores com mais idade, escolarização e renda tiveram maiores odds de apresentar dois dos três comportamentos sedentários investigados, assim como a presença simultânea deles. As associações entre sexo e comportamentos sedentários dependem do comportamento investigado. Tais informações podem ajudar no planejamento de ações de redução de comportamentos sedentários mais bem direcionadas e mais eficientes no alcance de diferentes subgrupos da população.


This study focused on the association between socio-demographic characteristics and three sedentary behaviors among industrial workers in Brazil. Data were analyzed on 47,477 workers from 24 Brazilian states, collected by questionnaires from 2006 to 2008. Individual and simultaneous presence of ≥ 4 hours of TV time per day, commuting by car or motorcycle, and sitting most of the time at work were investigated, as well as associations between these behaviors and gender, age, schooling, and family income. Simple and multiple binary logistic regression were used. Older workers and those with more schooling and higher income had increased odds of presenting two or all of the three target behaviors. Associations between gender and sedentary behaviors depend on the specific behavior. Such information can be useful for planning interventions to reduce sedentary behavior, with better targeting and more effectiveness in reaching different population subgroups.


El objetivo fue investigar la asociación entre aspectos sociodemográficos y tres comportamientos sedentarios en trabajadores de la industria en Brasil. Se analizaron datos de 47.477 trabajadores de industrias de 24 Unidades Federativas de Brasil, obtenidas por cuestionario de 2006 a 2008. Se investigó la presencia individual y simultánea de ver televisión ≥ 4 horas/día, desplazamiento en coche o moto para el trabajo y pasar la mayor parte del tiempo sentado en el trabajo, así como la asociación de esos comportamientos sedentarios con sexo, edad, renta familiar mensual y nivel de escolaridad. Para eso, se utilizó la regresión logística binaria simple y múltiple. Trabajadores con más edad, escolaridad y renta tuvieron mayor razón de oportunidades de presentar dos de los tres comportamientos sedentarios investigados, así como la presencia simultánea de ellos. Las asociaciones entre sexo y comportamientos sedentarios dependen del comportamiento investigado. Tales informaciones pueden ser útiles para planear acciones de reducción de comportamientos sedentarios mejor dirigidas y más eficientes en el alcance a diferentes subgrupos de la población.


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde do Trabalhador , Comportamento Sedentário , Fatores Etários , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 19(11): 4595-4604, 11/2014. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-727222

RESUMO

O presente estudo determinou as características das práticas e dos praticantes de atividades físicas no lazer entre adultos de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina. Inquérito transversal de base populacional de setembro/2009 a janeiro/2010. A atividade física no lazer foi determinada por meio de questionário validado. Caminhada e musculação foram as atividades mais relatadas. Homens e adultos mais jovens praticaram mais atividades físicas vigorosas. Não foram observadas diferenças de gênero ou idade em relação à frequência e à duração das atividades físicas. Caminhada e ginástica foram mais praticadas por mulheres. Corrida e futebol foram mais praticados por homens. A idade associou-se diretamente ao relato de caminhada e, inversamente, ao futebol e musculação. Brancos e negros apresentaram, respectivamente, maiores práticas de ginástica e futebol. Adultos com companheiro(a) praticaram mais caminhada e futebol, e menos musculação. A escolaridade associou-se diretamente com práticas de corrida e ginástica, e inversamente com o futebol. A renda associou-se inversamente com o relato do futebol, e diretamente com a prática de musculação. Ações de promoção da atividade física devem considerar os distintos interesses populacionais para o estímulo à sua prática no lazer.


The study established characteristics of practices and practitioners of leisure-time physical activities among adults in Florianopolis, Brazil. It was a population-based, cross-sectional survey conducted between September 2009 and January 2010. Leisure-time physical activity was assessed using a validated questionnaire. Walking and weight lifting were the most frequently reported activities. Vigorous physical activities were more frequent among men and young adults. There were no gender or age differences in relation to the frequency and duration of physical activities. Walking and gymnastics were more frequently practiced by women, and jogging and soccer by men. Age was positively associated with walking, and negatively with soccer and weight lifting. Caucasian and black males practiced gymnastics and soccer more frequently. Adults living with a partner practiced more walking and soccer, and less weight lifting. Educational level was directly associated with jogging and gymnastics, but inversely with soccer. Income was inversely associated with soccer and directly associated with weight lifting. Policies to promote physical activity should consider the different interests of the population to stimulate the scope of their practice in leisure-time.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Exercício , Atividades de Lazer , Atividade Motora , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Fatores Socioeconômicos
13.
Cien Saude Colet ; 19(11): 4595-604, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25351325

RESUMO

The study established characteristics of practices and practitioners of leisure-time physical activities among adults in Florianopolis, Brazil. It was a population-based, cross-sectional survey conducted between September 2009 and January 2010. Leisure-time physical activity was assessed using a validated questionnaire. Walking and weight lifting were the most frequently reported activities. Vigorous physical activities were more frequent among men and young adults. There were no gender or age differences in relation to the frequency and duration of physical activities. Walking and gymnastics were more frequently practiced by women, and jogging and soccer by men. Age was positively associated with walking, and negatively with soccer and weight lifting. Caucasian and black males practiced gymnastics and soccer more frequently. Adults living with a partner practiced more walking and soccer, and less weight lifting. Educational level was directly associated with jogging and gymnastics, but inversely with soccer. Income was inversely associated with soccer and directly associated with weight lifting. Policies to promote physical activity should consider the different interests of the population to stimulate the scope of their practice in leisure-time.


Assuntos
Exercício , Atividades de Lazer , Atividade Motora , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
14.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 60(3): 242-8, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25004270

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between nutritional status and functional limitation and disability in an elderly population in southern Brazil. METHODS: Epidemiological, cross-sectional household-based study carried out with 477 elderly of both sexes (60 to 100 years). Body mass index (BMI) served to assess the nutritional status: underweight (BMI < 22 kg/m2) and overweight (BMI > 27 kg/m2). The sum score (0-5) obtained in three tests: "chair stand" and "pick up a pen" (measured by time) and standing balance (four static measurements) assessed the functional limitation. The disability was evaluated by the difficulty in performing one or more self-reported tasks related to basic activities of daily living (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs). Crude and adjusted analyzes (3 models) were carried out using Poisson regression; prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. RESULTS: Crude analyzes showed a positive association between underweight and functional limitation (PR = 2.71, 95% CI = 1.63 to 4.51); overweight and disability in ADLs (PR = 2.20, CI 95% = 1.44 to 3.35); overweight and disability in IADLs (PR = 1.56, CI 95% = 1.20 to 2.03). The additional adjustments for gender, age, level of education, living arrangements, current work, cognitive function and number of morbidities reduced the strength of the associations, without changing the statistical strength. CONCLUSION: Nutritional status is a factor that is independently and positively associated with functional limitation and disability. We recommend the use of this indicator to monitor the health of the elderly.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Avaliação Geriátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Estado Nutricional/fisiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Magreza/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sobrepeso/complicações , Prevalência , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
15.
Rev. bras. cineantropom. desempenho hum ; 16(supl.1): 13-24, 07/2014. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-713647

RESUMO

High schools represent a favorable environment for the development of interventions to increase physical activity because they reach a large number of teenagers. The goal of the study was to determine the effectiveness of an intervention to promote physical activity among high school students (through the 'Saúde na Boa' project) through assessing the stages of behavior change and the practices of muscle-strengthening exercise and active commuting. The present study comprised a randomized and controlled intervention conducted in Recife and Florianopolis, Brazil, during 2006. Dependent variables included active commuting (cutoff values: ≥1 and ≥5 days per week), the practice of muscle-strengthening exercises (cutoff values: ≥1 day per week and the recommended level of physical activity), and behavioral changes regarding physical activity. Of the 2,155 students included in the baseline data, 989 were evaluated in the post-intervention period (45.9%). In comparison with the control group, the intervention group significantly increased the practice of active commuting to school on ≥ 1 day per week (80.5% vs. 86.8%, p<0.001) and ≥ 5 days per week (64.3% vs. 71.9%, p<0.001), the practice of muscle-strengthening exercises on ≥ 1 day per week (41.4% vs. 46.0%, p=0.017), and the achievement of the recommended levels of exercise (28.9% vs. 35.0%, p=0.002). The intervention group reached higher stages of change in physical activity behavior compared with controls (p = 0.004). The 'Saúde na Boa' project effectively enhanced the practices of active commuting to school and muscle-strengthening exercises and resulted in an increased physical activity status.


A escola é um local favorável ao desenvolvimento de intervenções para o aumento da atividade física devido à possibilidade de alcançar simultaneamente grande número de indivíduos. O objetivo do estudo foi verificar a efetividade de uma intervenção para promoção da atividade física (projeto Saúde na Boa) em relação aos estágios de mudança do comportamento, prática de exercícios de força e do deslocamento ativo em estudantes do ensino médio. Trata-se de uma intervenção randomizada e controlada, realizada em Florianópolis e Recife durante o ano letivo de 2006. Foram investigados o deslocamento ativo (pontos de corte: ≥1 e ≥5 dias/semana), a prática de exercícios de força (pontos de corte: ≥1 dia/semana e alcance às recomendações relacionadas à saúde) e a mudança de comportamento para a prática de atividade física. Dos 2.155 participantes da linha de base, 989 foram avaliados no período pós-intervenção (45,9%). Comparado ao grupo controle, o grupo intervenção aumentou significativamente a prática de deslocamento ativo em ≥1 dia/semana (80,5% vs. 86,8%; p<0,001) e em ≥5 dias/semana (64,3% vs. 71,9%; p<0,001), a prática de exercícios de força em ≥1 dia/semana (41,4% vs. 46,0%; p=0,017) e o alcance das recomendações de sua prática relacionada à saúde (28,9% vs. 35,0%; p=0,002). O grupo intervenção alcançou maiores proporções em estágios fisicamente ativos de mudança do comportamento para a atividade física, comparado ao controle (p=0,004). Conclui-se que o projeto Saúde na Boa contribuiu de forma efetiva para o aumento da prática do deslocamento ativo, de exercícios de força e do status de atividade física.

16.
Rev. bras. cineantropom. desempenho hum ; 16(supl.1): 46-54, 07/2014. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-713652

RESUMO

Although studies have shown that the school setting is favorable for preventing obesity, relatively few studies have examined weight-gain prevention in youths. To assess the effectiveness of a nine-month intervention to reduce total and central obesity in youths attending night secondary school in two Brazilian state capitals (Florianópolis and Recife). This was a randomized controlled intervention study conducted from March to December 2006. The indicators of obesity assessed were the body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). Statistical analysis was performed using the chi-square and McNemar's tests. A total of 2,155 participants were assessed at baseline, and 989 participants were assessed after the end of the intervention. In the intervention group, the frequency of total obesity, as assessed by the BMI (baseline: 3.8%; after intervention: 4.3%), and of central obesity, as assessed by the WHtR (baseline: 9.5%; after intervention: 10.4%), stabilized after nine months. However, the frequency of central obesity, as assessed by the WC, increased in the intention-to-treat analysis (baseline: 5.4%; after intervention: 7.9%). In the control group, the frequency of total obesity (baseline: 3.8%; after intervention: 4.7%) and central obesity, as assessed by both WHtR (baseline: 8.1%; after intervention: 9.7%) and WC (baseline: 6.1%; after intervention: 8.2%), increased. The intervention implemented by the Saúde na Boa project helped to stabilize the prevalence of total and central obesity in the investigated population.


Embora os estudos demonstrem que o ambiente escolar seja um contexto favorável para a prevenção da obesidade, há ainda relativa escassez de pesquisas relacionadas à prevenção do ganho de peso em jovens. O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a efetividade de uma intervenção sobre a obesidade geral e abdominal em escolares do Ensino Médio do período noturno de duas capitais brasileiras: Florianópolis e Recife. Trata-se de um estudo de intervenção randomizado e controlado, desenvolvido de março a dezembro de 2006. Os indicadores de obesidade selecionados foram o índice de massa corporal (IMC), perímetro da cintura (PC) e a razão cintura-estatura (RCE). As análises foram conduzidas mediante utilização dos testes qui-quadrado e McNemar. Na linha de base, foram incluídos 2.155 escolares e 989 foram reavaliados no período pós-intervenção. No grupo intervenção, após nove meses se constatou estabilização da frequência de obesidade geral pelo IMC (linha de base: 3,8%; pós-intervenção: 4,3%) e abdominal pelo RCE (linha de base: 9,5%; pós-intervenção: 10,4%). Contudo, houve aumento da obesidade abdominal pelo PC ao considerar a intenção de tratar (linha de base: 5,4%; pós-intervenção: 7,9%). No grupo controle, foram verificados incrementos na frequência de obesidade geral (linha de base: 3,8%; pós-intervenção: 4,7%) e abdominal, tanto pela RCE (linha de base: 8,1%; pós-intervenção: 9,7%) como pelo PC (linha de base: 6,1%; pós-intervenção: 8,2%). A intervenção do estudo Saúde na Boa contribuiu para a estabilização da prevalência de obesidade geral e abdominal.

17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 60(3): 242-248, May-Jun/2014. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-713061

RESUMO

Objective: to investigate the association between nutritional status and functional limitation and disability in an elderly population in southern Brazil. Methods: epidemiological, cross-sectional household-based study carried out with 477 elderly of both sexes (60 to 100 years). Body mass index (BMI) served to assess the nutritional status: underweight (BMI < 22 kg/m2) and overweight (BMI > 27 kg/m2). The sum score (0-5) obtained in three tests: "chair stand" and "pick up a pen" (measured by time) and standing balance (four static measurements) assessed the functional limitation. The disability was evaluated by the difficulty in performing one or more self-reported tasks related to basic activities of daily living (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs). Crude and adjusted analyzes (3 models) were carried out using Poisson regression; prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Results: crude analyzes showed a positive association between underweight and functional limitation (PR = 2.71, 95% CI = 1.63 to 4.51); overweight and disability in ADLs (PR = 2.20, CI 95% = 1.44 to 3.35); overweight and disability in IADLs (PR = 1.56, CI 95% = 1.20 to 2.03). The additional adjustments for gender, age, level of education, living arrangements, current work, cognitive function and number of morbidities reduced the strength of the associations, without changing the statistical strength. Conclusion: nutritional status is a factor that is independently and positively associated with functional limitation and disability. We recommend the use of this indicator to monitor the health of the elderly. .


Objetivo: verificar a associação entre estado nutricional, limitação funcional e incapacidade física em idosos da região Sul do Brasil. Métodos: estudo epidemiológico, transversal, de base populacional e domiciliar, realizado com 477 idosos de ambos os sexos (60 a 100 anos). O estado nutricional foi verificado por meio do índice de massa corporal (IMC): baixo peso (IMC < 22 kg/m2) e excesso de peso (IMC > 27 kg/m2). Na avaliação da limitação funcional, utilizou-se o somatório dos escores (valores entre 0 e 5) dos testes "sentar e levantar" e "pegar o lápis" (avaliados por tempo) e de equilíbrio (quatro medidas estáticas). A incapacidade física foi avaliada pelo relato da dificuldade em realizar uma ou mais tarefas relacionadas às atividades básicas da vida diária (AVD) e às atividades instrumentais da vida diária (AIVD). Foram realizadas análises brutas e ajustadas (3 modelos) usando-se regressão de Poisson (razão de prevalência [RP] e 95% IC [intervalo de confiança]) Resultados: as análises brutas mostraram associação entre baixo peso e limitação funcional (RP = 2,71; IC 95% = 1,63-4,51); excesso de peso e incapacidade nas AVD (RP = 2,2; IC 95% = 1,44-3,35) e excesso de peso e incapaci-dade nas AIVD (RP = 1.56; IC 95% = 1,2-2,03). O ajuste para gênero, idade, nível de escolaridade, arranjo familiar, trabalho atual, função cognitiva e número de morbidades reduziu a magnitude das associações, contudo, sem alterar o poder estatístico. Conclusão: o estado nutricional é um fator independentemente associado à limitação funcional e à incapacidade. Recomenda-se o uso desse indicador no monitoramento da saúde dos idosos. .


Assuntos
Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atividades Cotidianas , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Avaliação Geriátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Estado Nutricional/fisiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Magreza/epidemiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Sobrepeso/complicações , Prevalência , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
18.
Prev Med ; 65: 77-81, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24814216

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate gender differences in the clustering of risk behaviours associated with chronic non-communicable diseases in Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2011 comprising 6529 adolescents aged 15-19years from Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Excessive screen-time, insufficient moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), low fruit/vegetable intake and consumption of alcohol were investigated. Poisson regression was performed in the analysis of sociodemographic factors associated with the clustering of three or more risk behaviours. RESULTS: Girls presented with higher insufficient MVPA (76.3%), while boys presented with lower fruit or vegetable intake (53.0%) and greater consumption of alcohol (40.8%). A total of 21.2% of the teenagers had one risk behaviour, 37.3% had two, 28.5% had three, and 8.0% had all of the measured risk behaviours. Adolescents who did not work and boys who lived in urban areas exhibited more risk behaviours, whereas girls aged 17-19years old and boys who had mothers with ≥12years of study exhibited fewer risk behaviours. CONCLUSION: There was a difference between genders for individual risk behaviours, and a high degree of clustering in both genders. Prevention programs could focus on these behaviours in order to reduce negative health outcomes in adolescents.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Doença Crônica/prevenção & controle , Comportamento Alimentar , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Assunção de Riscos , Comportamento Sedentário , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Análise por Conglomerados , Estudos Transversais , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Distribuição por Sexo , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Rev. bras. cineantropom. desempenho hum ; 15(6): 656-666, Nov.-Dec. 2013. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-690199

RESUMO

People with different economic levels may have peculiar characteristics with respect to patterns of engagement in leisure-time physical activity (LTPA). This information is crucial to improving public policies. The objective of this study was to describe the patterns of engagement (type, companionship, and setting) in LTPA by gender, according to income strata in workers. Cross-sectional study conducted from 2006 to 2008 in 23 of the 26 Brazilian states and the Federal District (n=46,981). The sample consisted of workers who reported engaging in LTPA (n=25,479). A standardized self-completion questionnaire was applied. The following variables were investigated: type of LTPA - sports, walking, cycling/running, fitness, and others; companionship for LTPA - alone, with a partner, or in a group; and setting - clubs/gyms, streets/parks, and others, according to monthly family income (low, middle and high). We analyzed frequency distribution and applied a 95% confidence interval. Prevalence and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. Sports was the activity most engaged in by low- (50.2%) and middle-income (42.3%) workers, while walking predominated in high-income individuals (31.0%). LTPA in groups was greater in low- (52.0%) and middle-income (50.4%) workers, and lower in their high-income counterparts (38%). Low- (47.0%) and middle-income (41.2%) workers used streets/parks more frequently, whereas high-income workers reported primarily using clubs/gyms (40.4%). It was concluded that low- and middle-income workers reported engaging in sports, in LTPA in groups, and using mainly public settings, while those with high-incomes engaged more in walking, in LTPA in groups or alone, and used more private settings.


Pessoas com diferentes níveis econômicos podem ter características peculiares relacionadas a padrões de envolvimento em atividades físicas no tempo de lazer (AFL). Tais informações são cruciais para melhorar políticas públicas. O objetivo do estudo foi descrever padrões de engajamento (tipo, companhia, e espaço para a prática) em AFL geral e por gênero, segundo os estratos de renda em trabalhadores. Estudo transversal realizado de 2006 a 2008 em 23 dos 26 estados brasileiros e o Distrito Federal (n=46.981). Neste estudo foram analisados trabalhadores que praticavam AFL (n=25.479). Aplicou-se um questionário padronizado. As variáveis investigadas foram tipo de AFL - esportes, caminhada, ciclismo/corrida, fitness, e outras; companhia para prática de AFL - sozinho, com parceiro, e em grupo; e local de prática - clubes/academias, ruas/parques, e outros, por renda familiar mensal (baixa, média e alta). Prevalências e intervalos de confiança de 95% foram calculados. Esporte foi a atividade mais reportada por trabalhadores com renda baixa (50,2%) e média (42,3%), e a caminhada (31,0%) foi predominante naqueles de alta renda. AFL em grupo foi maior nos trabalhadores com baixa (52,0%) e média renda (50,4%), e menor naqueles com elevada renda (38,0%). Trabalhadores de baixa (47,0%) e média (41,2%) renda usavam mais ruas/ parques, enquanto os de renda alta usavam mais clubes/academias (40,4%). Pode concluir que os trabalhadores com renda baixa e média reportaram engajar mais em esportes, em AFL em grupos, e usar mais locais públicos, enquanto os de maior renda engajavam mais em caminhada, faziam atividades em grupo ou sozinhos e usavam mais locais privados.

20.
Cad Saude Publica ; 29(10): 2119-29, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24127105

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to compare estimates of prevalence of physical activity indicators and associated sociodemographic factors obtained from telephone and face-to-face interviews with adults. Data from a cross-sectional populationbased survey of adults living in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil was compared to data collected through the telephonic system VIGITEL. There was no significant difference between the results from telephone interviews (n = 1,475) and face-to-face interviews (n = 1,720) with respect to prevalence of sufficient leisure time physical activity (19.3% versus 15.5%, respectively), sufficient leisure time and/or commuting physical activity (35.1% versus 29.1%, respectively) and physical inactivity (16.2% versus 12.6%, respectively). Some differences were observed with respect to the sociodemographic factors associated with leisure time and/or commuting physical activity and physical inactivity. The two techniques yielded generally similar results with respect to prevalence and sociodemographic factors associated to physical activity indicators.


Assuntos
Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Entrevistas como Assunto , Atividade Motora/fisiologia , Telefone/instrumentação , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Brasil , Cidades , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/métodos , Humanos , Atividades de Lazer , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
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