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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33359730

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The natural history of perianal Crohn's disease (PCD) remains poorly described and is mainly based on retrospective studies from referral centers. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence, outcomes and predictors of the onset of PCD. METHODS: All incident cases of patients diagnosed with possible CD were prospectively registered from 1994 to 1997 in Brittany, a limited area in France. At diagnosis, the clinical features of perianal disease were recorded. All patient charts were reviewed from the diagnosis to the last clinic visit in 2015. RESULTS: Among the 272 out of 331 incident CD patients followed up, 51 (18.7%) patients had PCD at diagnosis. After a mean follow-up of 12.8 years, 93 (34%) patients developed PCD. The cumulative probabilities of perianal CD occurrence were 22%, 29%, and 32% after 1 year, 5 years, and 10 years, respectively. The cumulative probabilities of anal ulceration were 14%, and 19% after 1 year and 10 years, respectively. Extraintestinal manifestations were associated with the occurrence of anal ulceration. The cumulative probabilities of fistulizing PCD were 11%, 16%, and 19% after 1 year, 5 years, and 10 years, respectively. Extraintestinal manifestations, rectal involvement and anal ulceration were predictors of fistulizing PCD. The cumulative probability of developing anal stricture was 4% after 10 years. CONCLUSIONS: PCD is frequently observed during CD, in approximately one-third of patients. These data underline the need for targeted therapeutic research on primary perianal lesions (proctitis, anal ulceration) to avoid the onset of fistulizing perianal disease.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32740538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Crohn disease (CD) can affect patient's quality of life (QOL) with physical, social, and psychological impacts. This study aimed to investigate the QOL of children with CD and its relationship with patient and disease characteristics. METHODS: Children ages from 10 to 17 years with diagnosed CD for more than 6 months were eligible to this cross-sectional study conducted in 35 French pediatric centers. QOL was assessed by the IMPACT-III questionnaire. Patient and disease characteristics were collected. RESULTS: A total of 218 children (42% of girls) were included at a median age of 14 years (interquartile range [IQR]: 13--16). Median duration of CD was 3.2 years (IQR: 1.7-5.1) and 63% of children were in clinical remission assessed by wPCDAI. Total IMPACT-III score was 62.8 (±11.0). The lowest score was in "emotional functioning" subdomain (mean: 42.8 ±â€Š11.2). Clinical remission was the main independent factor associated with QOL of children with CD (5.74 points higher compared with those "with active disease", 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.77--8.70, P < 0.001). Age of patient at the evaluation was found negatively correlated with QOL (-0.76 per year, 95% CI: -1.47 to -0.06, P = 0.009). Presence of psychological disorders was associated with a lower QOL (-9.6 points lower to those without, 95% CI: -13.34 to -5.86, P < 0.0001). Total IMPACT-III and its subdomains scores were not related to sex, disease duration, or treatments. CONCLUSIONS: These results not only confirm that clinical remission is a major issue for the QOL of patients, but also highlights the importance of psychological care.

5.
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr ; 69(4): 416-424, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335841

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study analyses the prognosis of biliary atresia (BA) in France since 1986, when both Kasai operation (KOp) and liver transplantation (LT) became widely available. METHODS: The charts of all patients diagnosed with BA born between 1986 and 2015 and living in France were reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 1428 patients were included; 1340 (94%) underwent KOp. Total clearance of jaundice (total bilirubin ≤20 µmol/L) was documented in 516 patients (39%). Age at KOp (median 59 days, range 6-199) was stable over time. Survival with native liver after KOp was 41%, 35%, 26%, and 22% at 5, 10, 20, and 30 years, stable in the 4 cohorts. 25-year survival with native liver was 38%, 27%, 22%, and 19% in patients operated in the first, second, third month of life or later, respectively (P = 0.0001). Center caseloads had a significant impact on results in the 1986 to 1996 cohort only. 16%, 7%, 7%, and 8% of patients died without LT in the 4 cohorts (P = 0.0001). A total of 753 patients (55%) underwent LT. Patient survival after LT was 79% at 28 years. Five-year patient survival after LT was 76%, 91%, 88%, and 92% in cohorts 1 to 4, respectively (P < 0.0001). Actual BA patient survival (from diagnosis) was 81%. Five-year BA patient survival was 72%, 88%, 87%, and 87% in cohorts 1986 to 1996, 1997 to 2002, 2003 to 2009, and 2010 to 2015, respectively (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: In France, 87% of patients with BA survive nowadays and 22% reach the age of 30 years without transplantation. Improvement of BA prognosis is mainly due to reduced mortality before LT and better outcomes after LT.


Assuntos
Atresia Biliar/epidemiologia , Transplante de Fígado/estatística & dados numéricos , Portoenterostomia Hepática/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Atresia Biliar/mortalidade , Atresia Biliar/cirurgia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Registros Médicos , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
6.
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr ; 68(4): 585-590, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30896609

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The use of semielemental diets concerns a small proportion of children on enteral nutrition whose characteristics have never been reported. Our aim was to describe a cohort of patients on home enteral nutrition with Peptamen Junior, including the tolerance and nutritional efficacy of this product. METHODS: We performed a retrospective multicenter survey on a cohort of patients receiving this semielemental diet at home between 2010 and 2015 in 14 tertiary pediatric French centers. We recorded at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months, and then every year the anthropometric characteristics of the patients, indications and modalities of administration of the diet, and the tolerance and adverse events. RESULTS: We recruited 136 patients ages 9.8 ±â€Š4.4 years at baseline. Mean body mass index z score was -1.0 ±â€Š1.8; mean height z score was -1.1 ±â€Š1.9. The main underlying diseases were digestive (35.3%), neurological (33.1%), and hematological (19.9%). The indications for a semielemental diet were failure of another diet in 70 patients (51.9%), severe malnutrition in 19 (14.1%), cystic fibrosis in 11 (8.1%), and switch from parenteral nutrition in 11 (8.1%). Side effects were observed in 39.2% of the patients, and required medical attention in 8.2%. Body mass index improved or remained normal in 88.3% of children. CONCLUSIONS: This semielemental diet seems to be well tolerated and efficient in the setting of home enteral nutrition in children with complex diseases featuring malabsorption and/or after failure of polymeric diet.


Assuntos
Nutrição Enteral , Alimentos Formulados , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , França , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Endoscopy ; 51(1): 10-17, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30184608

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is the standard method for diagnosis of esophageal and gastric varices in children. In this prospective study we evaluated the use of PillCam esophageal capsule endoscopy (ECE) in pediatric patients. METHODS: Patients aged 7 to 18 years presenting with portal hypertension and/or cirrhosis underwent ECE (PillCam ESO 2, Given Imaging Ltd.) followed by EGD. RESULTS: 102 patients were screened, 81 (52 boys; mean age 13.96 ±â€Š0.25 years) were included and 21 were excluded (16 for "candy test" failure). Esophageal varices were identified by EGD in 62 patients (77 %) and by ECE in 57 patients (70 %) using the de Franchis classification (DFC). The sensitivity of ECE for esophageal varices was 92 % and the specificity was 100 % using DFC. Based upon 57/81 patients with small, medium, and large varices on both ECE and EGD, using DFC, the sensitivity, specificity, positive (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) were 55 %, 92 %, 89 %, and 63 %, respectively, giving a total overall accuracy of 72 %. To improve sensitivity and specificity in classification of esophageal varices, we propose using a modified score. This score detected esophageal varices with 100 % sensitivity, 93 % specificity, 94 % PPV, and 100 % NPV, giving a total overall accuracy of 97 %. All patients preferred ECE over EGD. No capsule retention was recorded. CONCLUSIONS: ECE is a well-tolerated and safe procedure in children. Using the modified score, the sensitivity of ECE is currently sufficient to detect esophageal varices and replace EGD in infants with suspicion of esophageal varices or when EGD is refused.


Assuntos
Endoscopia por Cápsula/métodos , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Portal/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Adolescente , Criança , Endoscopia do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/etiologia , Feminino , França , Humanos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
8.
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr ; 68(4): 541-546, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30418416

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are chronic diseases which negatively affect the schooling of children. The aim is to analyze school absenteeism and its causes in children followed for IBD. METHODS: A prospective multicenter study of IBD patients aged from 5 to 18 years old, from September 2016 to June 2017. Data on absenteeism and its causes were collected via a monthly questionnaire completed by patients or their family by mail. The results were compared with existing data supplied by the school authorities (497 students without IBD divided by class). RESULTS: A total of 106 patients (62 boys), median age of 14 (5-18), were included. The global response rate was 83.1%. The patients with IBD were absent an average of 4.8% ±â€Š5.5% of school days during the school year, against 3.2% ±â€Š1.6% for non IBD group (P = 0.034). Digestive disorders accounted for 34% of the causes of absenteeism. Approximately 27% of the absences were due to scheduled events (hospitalizations, endoscopy, or consultations). By excluding the absences for scheduled care, the rate of school absenteeism of patients with IBD is significantly lower than that of non-IBD group. CONCLUSION: Children with IBD are more frequently absent from school than non-IBD group. The main cause of school absenteeism appears to be associated with the disease itself. The share of scheduled absenteeism is quite large. The organization and scheduling of the patients' care path must be a priority to maximally limit the negative impact of their disease on the patients' schooling.


Assuntos
Absenteísmo , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/psicologia , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estresse Psicológico , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , França , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 13(1): 190, 2018 10 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30373615

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral cholic acid (CA) replacement has been shown to be an effective therapy in children with primary bile acid synthesis defects, which are rare and severe genetic liver diseases. To date there has been no report of the effects of this therapy in children reaching adulthood. The aim of the study was to evaluate the long-term effectiveness and safety of CA therapy. METHODS: Fifteen patients with either 3ß-hydroxy-Δ5-C27-steroid oxidoreductase (3ß-HSD) (n = 13) or Δ4-3-oxosteroid 5ß-reductase (Δ4-3-oxo-R) (n = 2) deficiency confirmed by mass spectrometry and gene sequencing received oral CA and were followed prospectively. RESULTS: The median age at last follow-up and the median time of follow-up with treatment were 24.3 years (range: 15.3-37.2) and 21.4 years (range: 14.6-24.1), respectively. At last evaluation, physical examination findings and blood laboratory test results were normal in all patients. Liver sonograms were normal in most patients. Mean daily CA dose was 6.9 mg/kg of body weight. Mass spectrometry analysis of urine showed that excretion of the atypical metabolites remained low or traces in amount with CA therapy. Liver fibrosis scored in liver biopsies or assessed by elastography in 14 patients, after 10 to 24 years with CA therapy, showed a marked improvement with disappearance of cirrhosis (median score < F1; range: F0-F2). CA was well tolerated in all patients, including five women having 10 uneventful pregnancies during treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Oral CA therapy is a safe and effective long-term treatment of 3ß-HSD and Δ4-3-oxo-R deficiencies and allows affected children to reach adulthood in good health condition without the need for a liver transplantation.


Assuntos
3-Oxo-5-alfa-Esteroide 4-Desidrogenase/deficiência , Hiperplasia Suprarrenal Congênita/tratamento farmacológico , Ácidos e Sais Biliares/biossíntese , Ácido Cólico/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Ácido Cólico/administração & dosagem , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Crohns Colitis ; 12(9): 1104-1112, 2018 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29788237

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: An expanding number of monogenic defects have been identified as causative of severe forms of very early-onset inflammatory bowel diseases [VEO-IBD]. The present study aimed at defining how next-generation sequencing [NGS] methods can be used to improve identification of known molecular diagnosis and to adapt treatment. METHODS: A total of 207 children were recruited in 45 paediatric centres through an international collaborative network [ESPGHAN GENIUS working group] with a clinical presentation of severe VEO-IBD [n = 185] or an anamnesis suggestive of a monogenic disorder [n = 22]. Patients were divided at inclusion into three phenotypic subsets: predominantly small bowel inflammation, colitis with perianal lesions, and colitis only. Methods to obtain molecular diagnosis included functional tests followed by specific Sanger sequencing, custom-made targeted NGS, and in selected cases whole exome sequencing [WES] of parents-child trios. Genetic findings were validated clinically and/or functionally. RESULTS: Molecular diagnosis was achieved in 66/207 children [32%]: 61% with small bowel inflammation, 39% with colitis and perianal lesions, and 18% with colitis only. Targeted NGS pinpointed gene mutations causative of atypical presentations, and identified large exonic copy number variations previously missed by WES. CONCLUSIONS: Our results lead us to propose an optimised diagnostic strategy to identify known monogenic causes of severe IBD.


Assuntos
Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/diagnóstico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/etiologia , Adolescente , Idade de Início , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/terapia , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
11.
Dig Liver Dis ; 47(6): 460-4, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25770456

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Children with inflammatory bowel disease are at risk of vaccine-preventable diseases mostly due to immunosuppressive drugs. AIM: To evaluate coverage after an awareness campaign informing patients, their parents and general practitioner about the vaccination schedule. METHODS: Vaccination coverage was firstly evaluated and followed by an awareness campaign on the risk of infection via postal mail. The trial is a case-control study on the same patients before and after the awareness campaign. Overall, 92 children were included. A questionnaire was then completed during a routine appointment to collect data including age at diagnosis, age at data collection, treatment history, and vaccination status. RESULTS: Vaccination rates significantly increased for vaccines against diphtheria-tetanus-poliomyelitis (92% vs. 100%), Haemophilus influenzae (88% vs. 98%), hepatitis B (52% vs. 71%), pneumococcus (36% vs. 57%), and meningococcus C (17% vs. 41%) (p<0.05). Children who were older at diagnosis were 1.26 times more likely to be up-to-date with a minimum vaccination schedule (diphtheria-tetanus-poliomyelitis, pertussis, H. influenzae, measles-mumps-rubella, tuberculosis) (p=0.002). CONCLUSION: Informing inflammatory bowel disease patients, their parents and general practitioner about the vaccination schedule via postal mail is easy, inexpensive, reproducible, and increases vaccination coverage. This method reinforces information on the risk of infection during routine visits.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/complicações , Infecções Oportunistas/prevenção & controle , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Esquemas de Imunização , Masculino , Infecções Oportunistas/complicações , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Forensic Sci Int ; 245: e15-7, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25459275

RESUMO

We report the case of a 2-month-old infant with a single apparently ecchymotic lesion on the shoulder that raised suspicions of abuse. The medicolegal examination concluded that the appearance of the lesion was only mildly suggestive of an ecchymosis. A second, temporally remote examination confirmed this doubt. The evolution of the lesion, notably an increase in its volume, allowed us to rule out a traumatic lesion and was suggestive of a vascular tumor. The histological type of the tumor was a tufted angioma. There was thrombocytopenia and consumptive coagulopathy. All these data confirmed the diagnosis of Kasabach-Merritt syndrome. In contrast to benign infantile hemangiomas, which are frequent and well-known in clinical practice, vascular tumors complicated by Kasabach-Merritt syndrome are rare. They deserve to be widely known because they mandate rapid medical management and because they are one of the only differential diagnoses of ecchymosis, especially in children. When there is doubt about the traumatic nature of a cutaneous lesion, a temporally remote examination is essential. The evolution of the lesion may then suggest a dermatologic origin.


Assuntos
Hemangioma/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Kasabach-Merritt/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Maus-Tratos Infantis/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Equimose/etiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino
13.
Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol ; 38(5): 604-6, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24636467

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: Alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is an autosomal co-dominant disease linked to a mutation of the SERPINA1 gene localized to chromosome 14q32. Uniparental disomy (UPD) is known to be a genetic mechanism that causes various syndromes. Maternal UPD14 presents with a Prader-Willi syndrome-like phenotype. No publications to date have dealt with the association of these two syndromes. In this article, we report on two cases of AATD (from different families), which lead to the diagnosis of maternal UPD14. AATD was diagnosed early in both children. Their clinical presentations were typical (chronic cytolysis in patient 1 and neonatal cholestasis in patient 2); serum alpha 1 antitrypsin levels were low (P1 0.33g/L and P2 0.35g/L), and both patients had a Z phenotype. A pedigree study of both families showed that the father had an M phenotype and the mother an MZ phenotype, which was unexpected. On the other hand, both children were born before term and presented with symmetrical growth retardation, early eating difficulties, moderate hypotonia, understated dysmorphic features and moderate psychomotor retardation, suggestive of a Prader-Willi syndrome-like phenotype. Genotyping was performed to explain gene transmission inconsistencies, and highlighted maternal UPD 14 in both families. CONCLUSION: Logically, maternal UPD 14 can induce AATD. In light of these observations, it seems appropriate to search for AATD in patients with maternal UPD 14 in order to prevent a progression of the disease. These cases also underline the significance of maternal UPD 14, which should be suspected in AATD in view of the discordance with Mendel's allelic transmission law.


Assuntos
Dissomia Uniparental/diagnóstico , Deficiência de alfa 1-Antitripsina/etiologia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mães , Linhagem
14.
Eur J Pediatr ; 173(5): 603-8, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24305728

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel diseases have an increased risk of infections due to immunosuppressive therapies. To report the immunization status according to previous recommendations and the reasons explaining a delay, a questionnaire was filled in by the pediatric gastroenterologist, concerning outpatients, in six tertiary centers and five local hospitals, in a study, from May to November 2011. One hundred and sixty-five questionnaires were collected, of which 106 Crohn's diseases, 41 ulcerative colitis, and 17 indeterminate colitis. Sex ratio was 87:78 M/F. Median age was 14.4 years old (4.2-20.0). One hundred and nine patients (66 %) were receiving or had received an immunosuppressive therapy (azathioprine, infliximab, methotrexate, or prednisone). Vaccines were up to date according to the vaccine schedule of French recommendations in 24 % of cases and according to the recommendations for inflammatory bowel disease in 4 % of cases. Coverage by vaccine was the following: diphtheria-tetanus-poliomyelitis 87 %, hepatitis B 38 %, pneumococcus 32 %, and influenza 22 %. Immunization delay causes were as follows: absence of proposal 58 %, patient refusal 41 %, fear of side effects 33 %, and fear of disease activation 5 %. Therefore, immunization coverage is insufficient in children with inflammatory bowel disease, due to simple omission or to refusal. A collaboration with the attending physicians and a targeted information are necessary.


Assuntos
Imunização/estatística & dados numéricos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/imunologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , França , Humanos , Esquemas de Imunização , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
15.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 8: 186, 2013 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24289834

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congenital esophageal stenosis (CES) is a rare condition frequently associated with esophageal atresia (EA). There are limited data from small series about the presentation, treatment, and outcomes of CES. METHODS: Medical records of all patients with CES included in the French Network on Esophageal Malformations and Congenital Diseases were reviewed retrospectively with regard to diagnosis, treatment, and outcome. RESULTS: Over 18 years, 61 patients (30 boys) had CES, and 29 (47%) of these patients also had EA. The mean age at diagnosis was 24 months (1 day to 14 years) and was younger in patients with CES and EA than in those with isolated CES (7 vs. 126 months, p < 0.05). Twenty-one of the 61 patients with CES had no clinical symptoms: in three patients, the findings were incidental, and in 18 of the 29 patients with associated EA, CES was diagnosed at the time of surgical repair of EA or during a postoperative systematic esophageal barium study. In the 40 other patients, at diagnosis, 50% presented with dysphasia, 40% with vomiting, 50% with food impaction, and 42% with respiratory symptoms. Diagnosis of CES was confirmed by esophageal barium study (56/61) and/or esophageal endoscopy (50/61). Sixteen patients had tracheobronchial remnants (TBR), 40 had fibromuscular stenosis (FMS), and five had membrane stenosis (MS). Thirty-four patients (56%) were treated by dilation only (13/34 remained asymptomatic at follow-up); 15 patients were treated by dilation but required later surgery because of failure (4/15 remained asymptomatic at follow-up); and nine patients had a primary surgical intervention (4/9 were asymptomatic at follow-up). Dilation was complicated by esophageal perforation in two patients (3.4%). At follow-up, dysphagia remained in 36% (21/58) of patients, but the incidence did not differ between the EA and the isolated CS groups (10/29 vs. 7/32, p = 0.27). CONCLUSIONS: CS diagnosis can be delayed when associated with EA. Dilation may be effective for treating patients with FMS and MS, but surgical repair is often required for those with TBR. Our results show clearly that, regardless of the therapeutic option, dysphagia occurs frequently, and patients with CES should be followed over the long term.


Assuntos
Estenose Esofágica/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Atresia Esofágica/diagnóstico , Atresia Esofágica/cirurgia , Atresia Esofágica/terapia , Estenose Esofágica/cirurgia , Estenose Esofágica/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
J Hepatol ; 58(6): 1209-17, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23402746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: This study analyses the prognosis of biliary atresia (BA) in France since liver transplantation (LT) became widely available. METHODS: The charts of all BA patients living in France and born between 1986 and 2009 were reviewed. Patients were divided into 3 cohorts according to their years of birth: 1986-1996, 1997-2002, and 2003-2009. RESULTS: 1107 BA children were identified, 990 born in metropolitan France (incidence 1/18,400 live births). Kasai operation was performed in 1044 (94%), leading to complete clearance of jaundice (total serum bilirubin ≤ 20 µmol/L) in 38% of patients. Survival with native liver (SNL) after Kasai operation was 40%, 36%, and 30% at 5, 10, and 20 years, stable in the 3 cohorts. Median age at Kasai operation was 59 days, unchanged over time. Twenty-year SNL was 39%, 32%, 28%, and 19% after Kasai operation performed in the first, second, third months of life or thereafter (p=0.0002). 588 children underwent 692 LTs. Mortality without transplantation decreased over time: 16%, 7%, and 4% in the 3 cohorts (p<0.0001). Survival after transplantation was 83%, 82%, and 77% at 5, 10, and 20 years in the whole series. Five-year post-transplant survival was 75%, 90%, and 89% in the 3 cohorts (p<0.0001). In the whole series, overall BA patient survival was 81%, 80%, and 77% at 5, 10, and 20 years. Five-year BA patient overall survival increased over time: 72%, 88%, and 89% in the 3 cohorts (p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: BA patients currently have an 89% live expectancy, and a 30% chance to reach adulthood without transplantation. Early Kasai operation, without age threshold, reduces the need for liver transplantation until adulthood.


Assuntos
Atresia Biliar/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Atresia Biliar/mortalidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , França , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Transplante de Fígado , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Dig Liver Dis ; 44(10): 839-43, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22795616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Capsule endoscopy is recommended for children with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome as young as 8 years of age. Aim of our study was to evaluate the contribution of capsule endoscopy in managing risk of further obstructive complications. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 27 children who received at least 1 capsule endoscopy was conducted. Peutz-Jeghers syndrome was diagnosed based on the presence of an STK11 gene mutation or on the association of a hamartoma with 2 of 3 criteria (family history, mucocutaneous pigmentation, small bowel polyposis). RESULTS: Thirty-seven capsule endoscopies were performed in 27 patients. The median age at first endoscopy was 11.4 years (range, 5.4-20.9). Jejunal polyps were found in 72% and ileal polyps in 55% of capsules. The original recommendations were followed 20/30 times. Three gastroscopies, 4 colonoscopies, 7 double balloon enteroscopies and 1 intra-operative enteroscopy were performed after the capsules. These procedures revealed jejunal polyps in 9/9 cases (8/9 resected) and ileal polyps in 3/5 (all resected). One intussusception occurred 8.4 months after the capsule endoscopy and required surgical resection. CONCLUSION: Capsule endoscopy is easily feasible in Peutz Jeghers syndrome, but the practice of systematic and repeated procedures needs to be validated prospectively.


Assuntos
Endoscopia por Cápsula , Pólipos Intestinais/diagnóstico , Intestino Delgado/patologia , Síndrome de Peutz-Jeghers/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pólipos Intestinais/complicações , Intussuscepção/etiologia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Acta Paediatr ; 101(5): e208-12, 2012 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22181068

RESUMO

AIM: To describe clinical signs associated with Human Astrovirus (HAstV) in stools in neonatal units. METHODS: During 2005-2006, all stool virology performed for isolated digestive symptoms or suspicion of neonatal infection was tested for HAstV by an amplified enzyme-linked immunoassay (IDEIA™ Astrovirus test, Dako Cytomation). Each newborn with a positive result (HAstV+ group) was retrospectively matched with the first following symptomatic newborn in the same care unit having a negative stool virology (HAstV- group). Clinical data were collected during two 3-day periods (just after faecal samples collection and 1 week before) and compared within and between each group. RESULTS: Human astrovirus was detected in faeces of 68 newborns [gestational age: 31.4(28.8-34) weeks] at a post-natal age of 23 (15-42) days without seasonal dominance. Human astrovirus+ and HAstV- groups were comparable. Bloody stool (54.4% versus 14.7%, p < 0.01) and stage II-III necrotizing enterocolitis (20.6% versus 4.4%, p < 0.05) were more frequently observed in HAstV+ than in HAstV- group; these associations were confirmed by logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSION: This descriptive study argues for a possible association between HAstV and digestive symptoms in newborns specifically in preterm infants.


Assuntos
Infecções por Astroviridae/diagnóstico , Infecções por Astroviridae/virologia , Fezes/virologia , Mamastrovirus/isolamento & purificação , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Masculino , Berçários Hospitalares , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr ; 53(3): 296-302, 2011 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21865978

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively assess, in a pediatric multicenter cohort, guidelines for the management of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). METHODS: Ten centers from the French-speaking Pediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition Group provided follow-up data on patients up to 18 years of age. Clinical records, genetic test results, endoscopy with histopathology examination, and therapeutic modalities were reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 70 children from 47 families were included. When initial consultation resulted from a surveillance program because of an affected family member, 12 of 59 children were already symptomatic. Among 11 patients whose initial consultation was based only on symptoms, families were unaware at the time of a familial FAP history for 7 children, whereas only 4 cases were sporadic. A panel of 27 different pathogenic adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) germ-line mutations and large genomic deletions were identified in 43 families. Extracolonic manifestations were found in half of the patients. As part of the standard practice for initial screening, the entire cohort underwent colonoscopy, which revealed adenoma above an intact rectosigmoid in 8 cases. Prophylactic colectomy was performed in 42 cases; high-grade dysplastic adenoma and 1 invasive carcinoma were detected in 6 children. For timing of surgery, indications were in accordance with recent international guidelines. CONCLUSIONS: Defining optimal screening and therapeutic modalities in pediatric FAP cohorts is a challenge. Specific advice for genetic screening, endoscopy surveillance, and type of surgery based on recent guidelines is recommended.


Assuntos
Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo/genética , Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo/patologia , Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo/cirurgia , Criança , Colectomia , Colonoscopia , Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Genes APC , Estudos de Associação Genética , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Humanos , Masculino , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
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