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1.
Clin J Sport Med ; 31(3): 295-303, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30985309

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the characteristics of injuries sustained by young figure skaters who were evaluated at regional pediatric sports medicine clinics. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review (2003-2017). SETTING: Sports medicine clinics at a tertiary-level pediatric medical center. PATIENTS: Two hundred ninety-four figure skaters (271 female and 23 male). Age rage: 9 to 19 years. Mean age: 14.2 ± 2.3 years. INTERVENTIONS: None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Mechanism of injury (acute vs overuse), injured body areas, diagnoses for most commonly injured body areas, and distribution of bone stress injuries. RESULTS: Eight hundred sixty-four figure skating-related injuries were identified. Approximately 68.9% were overuse and 31.1% were acute. In female figure skaters, the most frequently injured body areas were foot/ankle (29.6%), knee (19.3%), and back (15.8%). In male figure skaters, they were foot/ankle (25.4%), hip (16.4%), and knee (14.9%). Most common diagnoses at these body areas were tendinopathy (foot/ankle), extensor mechanism (knee), and posterior column bone stress injuries (back). All injuries to anterior knee structures, excluding bone contusions, were categorized as extensor mechanism injuries. About 11.8% of all injuries were bone stress reactions/fractures with the majority occurring at the back (42.2%), foot/ankle (32.4%), and lower leg (15.7%). CONCLUSION: Most injuries sustained by figure skaters were overuse and occurred most commonly at the foot/ankle (29.6%), knee (19.3%), and back (15.8%). Approximately 1 in 10 injuries were bone stress reactions/fractures, and nearly 1 in every 3 skaters who presented with back pain was diagnosed with a posterior column bone stress injury. Health care providers who take care of young figure skaters need to maintain a high index of suspicion for overuse injuries, especially bone stress reactions/fractures.

2.
Phys Sportsmed ; 47(4): 441-447, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31109214

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the evaluation, management and recovery time of hallux sesamoid fractures in young athletes.Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed in a large academic teaching institution over a 5-year period (1/1/2010-12/31/2014). All patients with a sesamoid injury were initially included. Excluded were those patients who: 1) did not receive the diagnosis of hallux sesamoid fracture, had a history of prior foot surgery, or had medical records inadequate for analysis, 2) had missing or unclear diagnostic imaging, 3) were age >21 years, or 4) did not report sports participation. Descriptive statistics were employed to analyze the data.Results: Fifty-eight patients (51 females and 7 males) with a mean age of 15.4 years (range: 9-21) were identified with a total of 59 sesamoid fractures. Dancing (37.9%), running (13.8%), and gymnastics (13.8%) were the most common sports reported among these patients. A greater number of fractures were classified as repetitive stress injuries (83.1%), rather than acute traumatic injuries (16.9%). Fractures were treated conservatively in the majority of cases (89.8%), and only six fractures (10.2%) were treated surgically. Most patients (84.7%) were able to return to sports and activities. The average time from diagnosis/start of treatment to pain-free state/cleared to return to sport was 161.4 days.Conclusion: Diagnosis of sesamoid fractures can be challenging, but overall most patients do well with conservative treatment and are able to return to sports and activities. Providers should keep sesamoid fracture in the differential when evaluating patients with pain in the area around the base of the first toe, especially in dancers, gymnasts, and runners. Understanding that the recovery from a sesamoid fracture can be a prolonged process may help patients develop realistic expectations.


Assuntos
Dança/lesões , Traumatismos do Pé/terapia , Fraturas Ósseas/terapia , Ginástica/lesões , Hallux/lesões , Corrida/lesões , Ossos Sesamoides/lesões , Adolescente , Atletas , Criança , Feminino , Traumatismos do Pé/diagnóstico , Traumatismos do Pé/cirurgia , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Hallux/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ossos Sesamoides/cirurgia
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