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1.
Rev Esp Enferm Dig ; 1112019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718197

RESUMO

Background To observe the outcome of endoscopic papillary large balloon dilation (EPLBD) with minor sphincterotomy (mEST) for periampullary diverticular papilla related to stone removal. Methods Patients with confirmed periampullary diverticulum (PAD) during stone removal from May 2016 to April 2018 were reviewed retrospectively. The Chi-square test with Yates correction or Fisher's exact test was used for the analysis of categorical data and a normality test was applied for continuous data. Results A total of 154 consecutive patients (89 males and 65 females, aged 51-87 years) with confirmed PAD during stone removal were included in the study. Cases were divided into the conventional EST group (n = 79) and the mEST plus EPLBD group (n = 75). The number of patients with an initial treatment success was greater in the EPLBD+mEST group compared with the EST group (96% vs 86.1%, p=0.03) and the procedure time for EPLBD+mEST was shorter than that for EST alone (46.1±13.7 min vs 53.3±11.6 min, p=0.01). The rate of complications in the EPLBD+mEST group was lower than in the EST group (17.3% vs 32.9%, p=0.04). When PAD was >15 mm, the initial success rate was higher (92.6% vs 73.9%, p=0.04) and the rate of overall complications was lower (14.8% vs 41.7%, p=0.03) in the EPLBD+mEST group than those in the EST group. Although, this was similar when PAD was <15 mm. Conclusion EPLBD+mEST might be safer and more effective than conventional EST alone for stone removal in the presence of PAD.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701376

RESUMO

Agro-industrial wastes are excellent sources for solid-state culture to produce spores of microorganisms, whereas microbial co-cultivation is not fully exploited in solid-state culture. In this work, the co-cultivation of different strains of Bacillus subtilis, and three microbes of B. subtilis, Bacillus mucilaginosus, and Paecilomyces lilacinus was studied using a solid medium only composed of water and tobacco waste residue after extraction of nicotine and solanesol. The influences of matrix thickness, moister, temperature, and ratio of three microbes in seed on the cell growth and spore formation were studied. The maximum viable cells and spores of each microbe reached 1013 cfu/g when cultured alone at 30 °C in a medium containing 58.3% moisture. Co-cultivation of microbes stimulated cell growth and maximum viable cells of each microbe reached 1014 cfu/g, while spore production was inhibited and decreased to 1011 cfu/g. With decreasing amount of P. lilacinus in seed, total amount of spores was increased. When the seed with a ratio of 6:3:1 for B. mucilaginosus, B. subtilis, and P. lilacinus was inoculated, the total amount of spores reached 4.14 × 1012 cfu/g and the ratio was 1.7:0.7:1. These results indicate the potential of solid-state cultivation in the high production of spores from tobacco waste residue at low cost.

3.
Yi Chuan ; 41(9): 816-826, 2019 Sep 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549680

RESUMO

Societal changes regarding the role of women have significant impacts on women's willingness and the timing of childbearing. Ovarian reserve in woman typically begins to decline at the age of 35, and it is primarily characterized by a reduction in the number of ovarian follicles and a decline in oocyte quality. The clinical diagnosis of ovarian insufficiency relies on multiple variables including changes of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), inhibin B, antral follicle count, menstruation and age. It is proven that ovarian cells demonstrate dysfunction associated with aging including mitochondrial dysfunction, telomere shortening, impaired DNA repair, epigenetic changes and metabolic/energetic disorders. In this review, we introduce the clinical diagnosis and management of ovarian insufficiency. We mainly discuss the molecular mechanism and potential interventions. We are optimistic that this information and knowledge will inform the important decisions for women and society regarding childbearing.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Ovário/fisiopatologia , Hormônio Antimülleriano/sangue , Feminino , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/sangue , Humanos , Inibinas/sangue , Folículo Ovariano , Reserva Ovariana
4.
Reprod Domest Anim ; 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549747

RESUMO

Aberration in DNA methylation is believed to be one of the major causes of abnormal gene expression and inefficiency of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). RG108, a non-nucleoside DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) inhibitor, has been reported to facilitate somatic nuclear reprogramming and improved blastocyst formation. The aim of this study was to investigate interaction effect of RG108 treatment time (24-72 hr) and concentrations (0.05-50 µM) on donor cells, and further to optimize the treatment for porcine SCNT. Our results showed that RG108 treatment resulted in time-dependent decrease of genome-wide DNA methylation on foetal fibroblasts, which only happened after 72-hr treatment in our experiments, and no interaction effect between treatment time and concentration. Remarkable decrease of methylation in imprinted gene H19 and increased apoptosis was observed in 5 and 50 µM RG108-treated cells. Furthermore, the blastocyst rates of SCNT embryos were increased as the fibroblasts treated with RG108 at 5 and 50 µM, and additional treatment during cultivation of SCNT embryos would not provide any advantage for blastocyst formation. In conclusion, the RG108 treatment of 72 hr and 5 µM would be optimized time and concentration for porcine foetal fibroblasts to improve the SCNT embryonic development. In addition, combined treatment of RG108 on donor cells and SCNT embryos would not be beneficial for embryonic development.

5.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 1263274, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31281565

RESUMO

Amyloidosis is a group of diseases characterized by protein misfolding and aggregation to form amyloid fibrils and subsequent deposition within various tissues. Previous studies have indicated that amyloidosis is often associated with oxidative stress. However, it is not clear whether oxidative stress is involved in the progression of amyloidosis. We administered the oxidative stress inhibitors tempol and apocynin via drinking water to the R1.P1-Apoa2c mouse strain induced to develop mouse apolipoprotein A-II (AApoAII) amyloidosis and found that treatment with oxidative stress inhibitors led to reduction in AApoAII amyloidosis progression compared to an untreated group after 12 weeks, especially in the skin, stomach, and liver. There was no effect on ApoA-II plasma levels or expression of Apoa2 mRNA. Detection of the lipid peroxidation markers 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) and malondialdehyde (MDA) revealed that the antioxidative effects of the treatments were most obvious in the skin, stomach, and liver, which contained higher levels of basal oxidative stress. Moreover, the unfolded protein response was reduced in the liver and was associated with a decrease in oxidative stress and amyloid deposition. These results suggest that antioxidants can suppress the progression of AApoAII amyloid deposition in the improved microenvironment of tissues and that the effect may be related to the levels of oxidative stress in local tissues. This finding provides insights for antioxidative stress treatment strategies for amyloidosis.

6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(62): 9208-9211, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309945

RESUMO

We report an electrochemical protocol for the direct oxidation of internal alkynes in air to provide 1,2-diketones. A variety of functional groups and heterocycle-containing substrates can be tolerated well under mild conditions.

7.
Neuroimage ; 200: 405-413, 2019 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280011

RESUMO

Task based and resting state fMRI has been widely utilized to study brain functions. As the foundation of fMRI, the underlying neural basis of the BOLD signal has been extensively studied, but the detailed mechanism remains elusive, particularly during the resting state. To examine the neurovascular coupling, it is important to simultaneously record neural and vascular signals. Here we developed a novel setup of camera based, scalable simultaneous calcium fiber photometry and fMRI in rats. Using this setup, we recorded calcium signals of superior colliculus (SC) and lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) and fMRI simultaneously during visual stimulation and the resting state. Our results revealed robust, region-specific coupling between calcium and BOLD signals in the task state and weaker, whole brain correlation in the resting state. Interestingly, the spatial specificity of such correlation in the resting state was improved upon regression of white matter, ventricle signals and global signals in fMRI data. Overall, our results suggest differential coupling of calcium and BOLD signals for subcortical regions between evoked and resting states, and the coupling relationship in the resting state was related with resting state BOLD preprocessing strategies.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31334888

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: A few small retrospective studies recently found that endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in asymptomatic compared with symptomatic common bile duct stones (CBDSs) patients appeared to increase the risk of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP). This study aimed to determine the risk of ERCP in asymptomatic CBDS patients. METHODS: A total of 327 consecutive patients with native papilla were invited to participate into the study and divided into two groups: 53 in the asymptomatic group and 274 in the symptomatic group, who underwent CBDS removal by ERCP. Patient's characteristics and outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 46 (14.1%) patients had ERCP-related complications, including PEP, cholangitis, perforation, and bleeding. The overall complication rate in the asymptomatic group was higher than in the control group (26.4% vs 11.7%, P < 0.01). PEP was the most common complication (30/327, 9.2%). Of the 30 cases of PEP, 25 (83.3%) were mild, and the severity in both groups was similar (9/1/1 vs 16/2/1, P > 0.05). The incidence rate of PEP in the asymptomatic group was higher than in the symptomatic group (20.8% vs 6.9%, P < 0.01). Multivariate regression analysis identified asymptomatic CBDSs (odds ratio = 0.241, 95% confidence interval: 0.092-0.628) as being independently associated with PEP occurrence. CONCLUSION: Asymptomatic CBDSs were associated with increased incidence of PEP compared with symptomatic CBDSs.

9.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2019 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348482

RESUMO

We developed a new means of activating aldoximes by an in situ generated thiocyanate radical from ammonium thiocyanate and molecular oxygen at room temperature. With a catalytic amount of organic dye aizenuranine as the photocatalyst, the dehydration of aldoximes proceeds smoothly under visible light irradiation, providing a simple to handle, excellent functional group tolerance, and metal-free protocol for a wide range of nitriles.

10.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 19(12): 7615-7623, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31196268

RESUMO

In order to improve the biological activity and antibacterial properties of polyetheretherketone (PK) as bone implants, nano zinc-magnesium silicate (nZMS)/PK bioactive composites (nZPC) were fabricated. The results revealed that the mechanical properties, surface roughness and hydrophilicity of the nZPC gradually increased with nZMS content, in which nZPC with 50 w% of nZMS (50nZPC) exhibited the best properties. In addition, incorporation of nZMS into PK significantly improved the apatite mineralization ability of nZPC, which depended on nZMS content. Moreover, the attachment, proliferation and differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells on nZPC were significantly enhanced with increasing nZMS content. Furthermore, after incorporation of nZMS into PK, the nZPC could inhibit the growth of Escherichia coli (E. coli), in which 50nZPC revealed the best antibacterial activity. The results suggested that 50nZMPC with good bioactivity, cytocompatibility and antibacterial activity might be a promising candidate as an implant for bone repair and anti-infection.

11.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 39(6): 632-6, 2019 Jun 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31190501

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Zusanli" (ST 36) versus "Yanglingquan" (GB 34) in the pregnant rats on perinatal nicotine-exposure-induced lung function and morphology of newborn rats and explore the rule of acupoint effect in EA for the prevention from lung dysplasia in newborn rats. METHODS: A total of 24 female SD rats were randomized into a normal saline group (S group), a nicotine group (N group), a nicotine-ST 36 group (N + ST 36 group) and a nicotine-GB 34 group (N+GB 34 group), 6 rats in each one. Starting at the 6th day of pregnancy, 0.9% sodium chloride solution was injected subcutaneously in the S group, 1 mg/kg; and in the rest 3 groups, nicotine of the same dose was injected through to the 21st postnatal day to establish the perinatal nicotine-exposure model. Simultaneously, during model preparation, EA was applied at "Zusanli" (ST 36) and "Yanglingquan" (GB 34) in the N+ST 36 group and the N+GB 34 group respectively, once a day, through to the 21st postnatal day. The lung function analytic system for small animal was adopted to observe the changes in lung function indicators in newborn rats, such as peak inspiratory flow (PIF), peak expiratory flow (PEF), expiratory resistance (RE), inspiratory resistance (RI) and dynamic compliance (Cdyn). HE staining was used to observe the morphological changes of lung, such as alveolar fusion and rupture. RESULTS: Compared with the S group, PEF and Cdyn were lower and PIF, RI and RE higher in the N group (all P<0.01), additionally, alveoli were fused and ruptured, alveolar wall thickened, the numbers of alveoli reduced, the interspace of alveoli enlarged and the diameter increased (P<0.01). Compared with the N group, in the N+ST 36 group, PEF and Cdyn were increased, PIF, RI and RE reduced (P<0.05, P<0.01), the alveolar fusion and rupture relieved, the numbers of alveoli increased, alveolar wall thinner, the interpsace of alveoli became normal and the diameter was reduced significantly (P<0.01). In the N+GB 34 group, the changes of lung function and morphological indicators were not significant (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Electroacupuncture at "Zusanli" (ST 36) in the pregnant rats significantly improves the perinatal nicotine-exposure-induced lung function and morphology of newborn rats than electroacupuncture at "Yanglingquan" (GB 34).


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Pulmão , Nicotina , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Feminino , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Nicotina/toxicidade , Gravidez , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
12.
Opt Express ; 27(7): 9848-9856, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31045133

RESUMO

A novel millimeter-wave synergetic optoelectronic oscillator based on regenerative frequency-dividing oscillation and phase-locking techniques is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The regenerative frequency-dividing oscillator is embedded for millimeter-wave frequency division, and then synergistically oscillates with the optoelectronic oscillator (OEO) due to injection-locking effect. The phase-locking stabilization technique is skillfully utilized in millimeter-wave OEO via commercial analog phase shifter. As a result, a 40-GHz signal is generated featuring low phase noise, high stability and low spurs. The single-sideband phase noise is about -117 dBc/Hz at 10-kHz offset frequency and the spurious suppression ratio reaches more than 80 dBc. The measured overlapping Allan deviation of the proposed synergetic OEO reaches lower than 10-13 at 1024-s averaging time, which is five orders of magnitude lower than free-running millimeter-wave OEO.

13.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(13): 1563-1571, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31058667

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is sensitive to radiotherapy (RT). However, neurocognitive complications such as memory loss and learning and attention deficits emerge in the survivors of NPC who received RT. It remains unclear how radiation affects patient brain function. This pilot study aimed at finding cerebral functional alterations in NPC patients who have received RT. METHODS: From September 2014 to December 2016, 42 individuals, including 22 NPC patients and 20 normal volunteer controls in National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, and Peking Union Medical College, were recruited in this study. All patients received resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging scans and neurocognitive tests 1 day before the initiation of RT (baseline) and 1 day after the completion of RT; the 20 normal controls were also subjected to the same scans and tests. The amplitude of the low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) in blood oxygen level-dependent signals and functional connectivity (FC) were used to characterize cerebral functional changes. Independent t test, paired t test, and analysis of variances were used to obtain statistical significance across groups. RESULTS: After RT, NPC patients showed significantly decreased ALFF values in the calcarine sulcus, lingual gyrus, cuneus, and superior occipital gyrus and showed significantly reduced FC mainly in the default mode network (P < 0.05, corrected by AlphaSim). Relative to the controls, ALFF was decreased in the lingual gyrus, calcarine sulcus, cingulate cortex, medial prefrontal gyrus (P < 0.05, corrected by AlphaSim), and FC reduction was found in multiple cerebellar-cerebral regions, including the cerebellum, parahippocampus, hippocampus, fusiform gyrus, inferior frontal gyrus, inferior occipital gyrus, precuneus, and cingulate cortex (P < 0.001, corrected by AlphaSim). CONCLUSIONS: Cerebral functional alterations occur immediately after RT. This study may provide an explanation for the cognitive deficits in the morphologically normal-appearing brains of NPC patients after RT and may contribute to the understanding of the complex mechanism of RT.

14.
Mol Med Rep ; 20(1): 205-215, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31115522

RESUMO

Tendon adhesion is a substantial challenge for tendon repair. Thermal pretreatment (TP) may decrease inflammation by upregulating heat shock proteins (HSPs). The present study intends to identify the function that TP serves when combined with HSP70 overexpression in tendon healing and adhesion in rats. Sprague­Dawley male rats were used to establish a surgically ablative tendon postoperative suture model, and the positive expression of the HSP70 protein was measured using immunohistochemistry. Changes to the blood vessels and collagenous fiber, in addition to the maximum tensile strength and the tendon sliding distance, were detected under a microscope. Finally, HSP70, tumor growth factor ß (TGF­ß), and insulin­like growth factor 1 (IGF­1) mRNA and protein levels were all determined by employing reverse transcription­quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis methods. The positive expression of the HSP70 protein increased following TP. Furthermore, TP reduced the infiltration of inflammatory cells and improved the collagenous arrangement, accompanied by an increased maximum tensile force and tendon gliding distance following surgery. In addition, TP increased the mRNA and protein expression levels of HSP70, TGF­ß and IGF­1. Altogether, TP increases HSP70 expression, thereby reducing postoperative traumatic inflammation and establishing tendon adhesion and promoting tendon healing. Thus, TP may be a potential strategy for the treatment of tendon adhesion.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/genética , Tendões/cirurgia , Aderências Teciduais/terapia , Animais , Vasos Sanguíneos/metabolismo , Vasos Sanguíneos/patologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Temperatura Alta/uso terapêutico , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/genética , Masculino , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Ratos , Técnicas de Sutura , Tendões/metabolismo , Tendões/patologia , Resistência à Tração , Aderências Teciduais/genética , Aderências Teciduais/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética
15.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 13(4): e0007238, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30969960

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the roadmap on the neglected tropical diseases (NTD) the World Health Organization (WHO) aims at attaining at least 75% coverage of preventive chemotherapy in pre-school and school-age children by 2020. A randomized controlled trial was used to compare the effectiveness of praziquantel in treating Schistosoma haematobium in Africa using two different sources for the drug, Merck Limited Partnership (KgaA), Germany and Nanjing Pharmaceutical Factory (NPF), China. METHODS: More than 6,000 participants testing positive for S. haematobium infection were enrolled from three villages (shehias) situated in the northern, middle and southern part of Pemba Island, Zanzibar. Applying criteria of inclusion and exclusion, resulted in a study population of 152 people (84 males, 68 females). A randomized controlled trial was conducted assigning participants to either praziquantel from NPF or Merck KGaA. After one month, the cure rate of S. haematobium and adverse events were compared to evaluate effectiveness. The ratio of male to female, the ratio of light/high infection intensity, and the average value of age were calculated between the two drug manufacturers. Chi-squared test and T-test were used for consistency analysis. RESULTS: Out of the total of 73 cases receiving praziquantel from NPF, the cure rate achieved was 97.3% (73/75), while the 74 cases receiving the drug from Merck KgaA reached a similar cure rate (96.1% or 74/77). There was no significant difference between the two outcomes (χ2 = 0.003, P = 0.956). Among the 75 patients treat, only one (a 16-years old female student), who had received the drug made in China had slight adverse reactions manifested as dizziness, headache and abdominal pain. CONCLUSION: The efficacy of China-made praziquantel does not differ significantly from praziquantel made by Merck KGaA in Germany. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03133832.


Assuntos
Anti-Helmínticos/normas , Anti-Helmínticos/uso terapêutico , Praziquantel/normas , Praziquantel/uso terapêutico , Schistosoma haematobium/efeitos dos fármacos , Esquistossomose Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Quimioprevenção , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Ovos de Parasitas , Esquistossomose Urinária/urina , Tanzânia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
16.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(2): 85-9, 2019 02 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30945482

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the different effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Zusanli" (ST36) and "Chize" (LU5) of mother rats exposed to Nicotine during pregnancy and lactation on lung function and morphological changes in offspring rats, so as to explore the most effective acupoint for improving the development of lung in neonatal rats. METHODS: A total of 24 female pregnancy SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: normal control, model, EA-ST36 and EA-LU5 (n=6 rats in each group). Rats of the normal group were treated by subcutaneous injection of normal saline, and those of the other 3 groups treated by subcutaneous injection of nicotine (1 mg•kg-1•d-1) beginning from the 6th day to about the 21st day of pregnancy (childbirth day) for nicotine exposure during pregnancy and lactation. The daily EA treatment (2 Hz /15 Hz,1 mA) was applied to bilateral ST36 and LU5 for 20 min, beginning from the 6th day of pregnancy to the 21st day (childbirth day). The lung function of the offspring rats including the peak inspiratory flow (PIF), peak expiratory flow (PEF), lung resistance (RL), exhalation resistance (RE)and lung dynamic compliance (Cdyn) was detected by using a lung function analysis system. Histopathological changes (severity of alveolarization) of the offspring rats' lung tissue were observed under microscope after H.E. stain. RESULTS: Compared with the normal group, the PIF, RL and RE values were significantly increased (P<0.01), and PEF and Cdyn values significantly decreased in the model group (P<0.01). The alveolar diameter in the model group was evidently increased relevant to the normal group (P<0.01). Following the intervention, modeling induced increase of PIF, RL, RE and alveolar diameter and decrease of PEF and Cdyn values in the EA-ST36 group, and the increased PIF, RL and RE levels in the EA-LU5 group were obviously suppressed relevant to the model group (P<0.01, P<0.05). Additionally, modeling induced obvious congestion and edema of the alveolar wall, alveolar deformation, rupture and fusion, and reduction of the number of the pulmonary alveoli were evidently milder in both EA-ST36 and EA-LU5 groups. No significant differences were found between the EA-ST36 and EA-LU5 groups in the abovementioned 5 indexes of pulmonary function and alveolar diameter (P>0.05).. CONCLUSION: EA of ST36 and LU5 of mother rats experiencing nicotine exposure during pregnancy and lactation can improve the lung function and morphological changes in neonatal rats, and the effect of ST36 is relatively better.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Feminino , Lactação , Mães , Nicotina , Gravidez , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
17.
Comb Chem High Throughput Screen ; 22(3): 179-186, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30973104

RESUMO

AIM: To compare the surgical outcomes of laparoscopic surgery for lower rectal cancer with open surgery. METHODS: The multiple databases including PubMed, Springer, EMBASE, EMBASE, OVID were adopted to search for the relevant studies, and full-text articles involving the comparison of unilateral and bilateral PVP surgery were reviewed. Review Manager 5.0 was adopted to estimate the effects of the results among the selected articles. Forest plots, sensitivity analysis and bias analysis for the articles included were also conducted. RESULTS: Finally, 1186 patients were included in the 10 studies, which eventually satisfied the eligibility criteria, and laparoscopic and open surgery group were 646 and 540, respectively. The meta-analysis suggested that there was no significant difference of the operation time between laparoscopic and open surgery group, while the time to solid intake, hospital stay time, blood loss and complication rate of laparoscopic group are much less than those of open surgery. CONCLUSION: Although both these two punctures provide similar operation time, we encourage the use of the laparoscopic surgery as the preferred surgical technique for treatment of lower rectal cancer due to less time to solid intake, hospital stay time, blood loss and lower complication rate.

18.
Cancer Biomark ; 25(1): 1-10, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31006663

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the major advances in the treatment, the overall survival of osteosarcoma remains poor. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in tumorigenesis and progression though modulating their target genes. In the present study, the roles of miR-1285-3p in osteosarcoma was investigated. METHODS: Microarray profiling was applied to distinguish the up and down regulated microRNAs in osteosarcoma. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) assay was performed to detect the expression of miR-1285-3p and YAP1 expression. MTT and transwell assays were carried out to determine the cells proliferation and invasion respectively. Moreover, dual luciferase reporter assay was performed to evaluate the binding efficiency between miR-1285-3p and the 3'UTR of YAP1. RESULTS: MiR-1285-3p was down regulated in osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines and the reduction of miR-1285-3p expression predicted a poor overall survival of osteosarcoma patients. Ectopic expression of miR-1285-3p inhibited osteosarcoma cell proliferation, colony formation and invasion. In addition, YAP1 was further demonstrated as a direct target of miR-1285-3p. Moreover, overexpression of YAP1 reversed the inhibitory effects of miR-1285-3p on osteosarcoma cells proliferation and invasion. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-1285-3p which was low expressed in osteosarcoma inhibited the proliferation and invasion of osteosarcoma cells via direct targeting YAP1. These results suggested that miR-1285-3p might be a potential therapeutic targets and biomarker in osteosarcoma.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ósseas/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Osteossarcoma/diagnóstico , Osteossarcoma/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas/genética , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Ósseas/genética , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica , Osteossarcoma/genética , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Prognóstico , Ligação Proteica , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
19.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 511(3): 510-517, 2019 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30819403

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNA ILF3-AS1 (ILF3-AS1) has been reported to be abnormally expressed in several tumors. However, its expression pattern and function in osteosarcoma have not been investigated. In this study, we showed that ILF3-AS1 expression was significantly up-regulated in both osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines. We first reported that ILF3-AS1 upregulation was induced by nuclear transcription factor SP1. Clinical assays revealed that higher expression of ILF3-AS1 was associated with advanced clinical stage, distant metastasis and shorter overall survival. in multivariate analysis, ILF3-AS1 expression level was found to be an independent prognostic factor for osteosarcoma patients. Functional investigations showed that knockdown of ILF3-AS1 suppressed the proliferation, migration and invasion of osteosarcoma cells, and promoted apoptosis. Bioinformatic software predicted that miR-212 both targeted the 3'-UTR of ILF3-AS1 and SOX5, which was confirmed using luciferase reporter assay, RT-PCR and Western blot. Taken together, ILF3-AS1 displayed its tumor-promotive roles in the progression of osteosarcoma through miR-212/SOX5 axis. Our findings help to elucidate the tumorigenesis of osteosarcoma, and future study will provide a novel therapeutic target for osteosarcoma.

20.
J Cell Biochem ; 120(3): 4665-4674, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30582227

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs, miR) are of critical importance in growth and metastasis of cancer cells; however, the underlying functions of miRNAs in osteosarcoma (OS) remain largely unknown. This study was aimed to elucidate the role of miR-221 in regulating the biological behavior of OS cells. The proliferation ability was examined by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and cell cycle assay. The abilities of cell migration, invasion, and apoptosis were monitored by transwell assay and flow cytometry, respectively. The effect of miR-221 on cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B) expression was evaluated by luciferase assays, real-time polymerase chain reaction, and Western blot analysis. We found that miR-221 was elevated in OS cell lines compared with the normal osteoblastic cell line. Transfection of the miR-221 inhibitor into MG63 and U-2OS cell lines obviously suppressed cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, which is accompanied with cell cycle arrest in G0/G1 phase. Furthermore, luciferase reporter assays indicated that CDKN1B is directly targeted by miR-221 in OS cells. Knockdown of CDKN1B inhibited the effects of miR-221 inhibitor, along with decreased Bax and caspase-3 and increased cyclin E, cyclin D1, Bcl-2, Snail, and Twist1 expression. The results suggested that miR-221 might act as a potentially useful target for treatment of OS.

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