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1.
Mater Horiz ; 8(3): 1037-1046, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34821334

RESUMO

Wearable smart devices should be flexible and functional to imitate the warmth and sensing functions of human skin or animal fur. Despite the recent great progress in wearable smart devices, it is still challenging to achieve the required multi-functionality. Here, stretchable hollow-porous fibers with self-warming ability are designed, and the properties of electrical heating, strain sensing, temperature sensing and pressure sensing are achieved. The hollow-porous TPU fiber possesses an ultra-high stretchability (1468%), and the textiles woven from the fibers present a splendid thermal insulation property (the absolute value difference in temperature |ΔT| = 68.5 and 44 °C at extreme temperatures of 115 and -40.0 °C). Importantly, after conductive filler decoration, the fiber-based strain sensor exhibits one of the highest reported gauge factor (2.3 × 106) towards 100% strain in 7200 working stretch-release cycles. A low detection limit of 0.5% strain is also achieved. Besides, the fibers can be heated to 40 °C in 18 s at a small voltage of 2 V as an electrical heater. The assembled thermal sensors can monitor the temperature from 30 to 90 °C in real time, and the fiber-based capacitive type pressure sensor exhibits good sensing performance under force from 1 to 25 N. The hollow-porous fiber based all-in-one integrated wearable systems illustrate promising prospects for next generation electronic skins to detect human motions and body temperature with thermal therapy and inherent self-warming ability.

2.
Nanoscale ; 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34825692

RESUMO

In chemically fueled self-assembly, a reaction cycle activates and deactivates molecules for self-assembly. The resulting assembly is dynamic and should be endowed with unique behavior in this kinetically controlled regime. Recent works have mainly focused on design rules for the activation of molecules for self-assembly, thereby assuming that disassembly upon deactivation inherently follows. However, that is not always the case. This work shows a family of peptides that assemble into colloids regulated through a chemical reaction cycle. Despite their similarity in assembly, we find that they follow a different disassembly pathway upon deactivation. The colloids from several peptides completely disassemble as fuel depletes while others transition into fibers. Our findings demonstrate that assembly and disassembly should be taken into account in chemically fueled self-assembly.

3.
Phytomedicine ; 94: 153824, 2021 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763314

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The anti-cancer activity of andrographolide (Andro) has been extensively demonstrated in recent years. It is supposed that modifying the chemical structure of Andro can improve its efficacy and reduce its toxicity. PURPOSE: In this study, the anti-cancer effect of a 14ß-(2'-chlorophenoxy) derivative of andrographolide known as AGS-30 was investigated, and its underlying mechanisms were also explored. STUDY DESIGN/METHODS: Different cancer cells were used to evaluate and compare the in vitro anti-cancer effects of Andro and AGS-30. Human colon cancer cells HT-29 and HCT-116 were used to study the underlying anti-cancer mechanisms of AGS-30. HT-29 cells xenografted in nude mouse model was used to compare the in vivo anti-tumour efficacies of Andro and AGS-30. RESULT: In vitro studies showed that AGS-30 possessed an anti-cancer effect by inhibiting the viability, colony formation and migration of cancer cells. It significantly induced the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), caused the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and triggered the apoptosis in colon cancer cells. These effects of AGS-30 were more potent than those of Andro. In addition, the expression levels of proteins associated with apoptosis, including phospho-JNK1/2 as well as cleaved caspase 9, caspase 3, and poly(ADP ribose) polymerase, were elevated in AGS-30-treated colon cancer cells. Moreover, these elevated levels of the proteins were inhibited by the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine and the JNK inhibitor SP600125, suggesting the involvement of ROS/JNK-dependent mechanisms in AGS-30-induced apoptosis. The in vitro anti-cancer effect could be reproduced in an HT-29 colon cancer cell xenografted nude mouse model. CONCLUSION: The anti-cancer effect of AGS-30 is stronger than that of Andro. AGS-30 induces apoptosis of colon cancer cells through ROS/JNK-dependent pathway. Our findings may provide insights for the future development of derivatives of Andro as novel chemotherapeutic agents.

4.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 194: 114820, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748818

RESUMO

Human enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) is a major etiological agent of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) and there is presently no internationally approved antiviral against EV-A71. In this study, it is disclosed that 14S-(2'-chloro-4'-nitrophenoxy)-8R/S,17-epoxy andrographolide (2) was discovered to be an effective inhibitor against EV-A71 infection showing significant reduction of viral titre. In addition to EV-A71, compound 2 exerts broad-spectrum antiviral effects against other enteroviruses. It is revealed that compound 2 inhibits the post-entry stages of EV-A71 viral replication cycle and significantly reduces viral protein expression of structural proteins such as VP0 and VP2 via inhibiting EV-A71 RNA replication. Moreover, the inhibitory property of compound 2 is specific to viral RNA replication. Furthermore, compound 2 is more likely to target a host factor in EV-A71 RNA replication. As a result, introduction of epoxide at positions 8 and 17 of andrographolide is effective for anti-EV-A71 infection and is a potential anti-EV-A71 strategy. Further work to discover more potent andrographolide derivatives and elucidate comprehensive SAR is under way.

5.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 3): 150730, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606857

RESUMO

It is desirable to control volatile fatty acids (VFAs) recovery from waste activated sludge (WAS) while avoiding the release of N and P. Structural extracellular polymeric substances (St-EPS), with typical components of alginate and polygalacturonic acid, resist the biodegradation of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) in WAS. Previously, we purposely enriched an alginate-degrading consortium (ADC), but, both controlling VFAs production and cell integrity after dosing with ADC were not investigated. In this work, ADC with a high percentage of the genus Bacteroides (~67%) was further enriched with alginate utilization above 95%. The St-EPS content in WAS was 109.7 ± 3.3 mg/g-VSS, accounting for 31% of EPS. After dosing ADC in the WAS, the main metabolites were acetate (1.6 g/L) and propionate (0.7 g/L), the hydrolysis efficiency was increased to 38%, and the acidification efficiency was increased to 72%. Cell integrity was maintained during WAS fermentation by dosing with ADC according to no P release and unchanged lactate dehydrogenase activity. VFA production was mainly from the EPS, and protein degradation in EPS resulted in low N release (e.g., 212 mg/L from casein and no P release). Consequently, ADC doing offers the advantages of controlling VFAs production from EPS while maintaining cell integrity.

6.
Adv Mater ; 33(45): e2102332, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34554616

RESUMO

Smart skin is highly desired to be ultrasensitive and self-powered as the medium of artificial intelligence. Here, an ultrasensitive self-powered mechanoluminescence smart skin (SPMSS) inspired by the luminescence mechanism of cephalopod skin and the ultrasensitive response of spider-slit-organ is developed. Benefitting from the unique strain-dependent microcrack structure design based on Ti3 C2 Tx (MXene)/carbon nanotube synergistic interaction, SPMSS possesses excellent strain sensing performances including ultralow detection limit (0.001% strain), ultrahigh sensitivity (gauge factor, GF = 3.92 × 107 ), ultrafast response time (5 ms), and superior durability and stability (>45 000 cycles). Synchronously, SPMSS exhibits tunable and highly sensitive mechanoluminescence (ML) features under stretching. A relationship between ML features, strain sensing performances, and the deformation has been established successfully. Importantly, the SPMSS demonstrates excellent properties as triboelectric nanogenerator (4 × 4 cm2 ), including ultrahigh triboelectric output (open-circuit voltage VOC  = 540 V, short-circuit current ISC  = 42 µA, short-circuit charge QSC  = 317 nC) and power density (7.42 W m-2 ), endowing the smart skin with reliable power source supply and self-powered sensing ability. This bioinspired smart skin exhibits multifunctional applications in health monitoring, visual sensing, and self-powered sensing, showing great potential in artificial intelligence.

7.
Chem Sci ; 12(28): 9748-9753, 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34349947

RESUMO

A versatile silylation of heteroaryl C-H bonds is accomplished under the catalysis of a well-defined spirocyclic NHC Ir(iii) complex (SNIr), generating a variety of heteroarylsilanes. A significant advantage of this catalytic system is that multiple types of intermolecular C-H silylation can be achieved using one catalytic system at α, ß, γ, or δ positions of heteroatoms with excellent regioselectivities. Mechanistic experiments and DFT calculations indicate that the polycyclic ligand of SNIr can form an isolable cyclometalated intermediate, which leaves a phenyl dentate free and provides a hemi-open space for activating substrates. In general, favorable silylations occur at γ or δ positions of chelating heteroatoms, forming 5- or 6-membered C-Ir-N cyclic intermediates. If such an activation mode is prohibited sterically, silylations would take place at the α or ß positions. The mechanistic studies would be helpful for further explaining the reactivity of the SNIr system.

8.
Nanomicro Lett ; 13(1): 162, 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34338928

RESUMO

HIGHLIGHTS: The cationic waterborne polyurethanes microspheres with Diels-Alder bonds were synthesized for the first time. The electrostatic attraction not only endows the composite with segregated structure to gain high electromagnetic-interference shielding effectiveness, but also greatly enhances mechanical properties. Efficient healing property was realized under heating environment. It is still challenging for conductive polymer composite-based electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding materials to achieve long-term stability while maintaining high EMI shielding effectiveness (EMI SE), especially undergoing external mechanical stimuli, such as scratches or large deformations. Herein, an electrostatic assembly strategy is adopted to design a healable and segregated carbon nanotube (CNT)/graphene oxide (GO)/polyurethane (PU) composite with excellent and reliable EMI SE, even bearing complex mechanical condition. The negatively charged CNT/GO hybrid is facilely adsorbed on the surface of positively charged PU microsphere to motivate formation of segregated conductive networks in CNT/GO/PU composite, establishing a high EMI SE of 52.7 dB at only 10 wt% CNT/GO loading. The Diels-Alder bonds in PU microsphere endow the CNT/GO/PU composite suffering three cutting/healing cycles with EMI SE retention up to 90%. Additionally, the electrostatic attraction between CNT/GO hybrid and PU microsphere helps to strong interfacial bonding in the composite, resulting in high tensile strength of 43.1 MPa and elongation at break of 626%. The healing efficiency of elongation at break achieves 95% when the composite endured three cutting/healing cycles. This work demonstrates a novel strategy for developing segregated EMI shielding composite with healable features and excellent mechanical performance and shows great potential in the durable and high precision electrical instruments.

9.
Tumori ; : 3008916211039018, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34423708

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Induction chemotherapy (IC) followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) is recommended for larynx-preserving treatment of locally advanced hypopharyngeal cancer (LAHC). However, the conventional evaluation of response is not robust enough to predict the outcome of subsequent treatments. This study aimed to develop an imaging biomarker using changes in radiomic features in invasive tumor front (ITF) by IC to predict treatment outcome of subsequent CCRT in LAHC. METHODS: From 2006 to 2018, 59 computed tomography (CT) scan images before and after IC in patients with LAHC were used to contour the gross tumor volumes (GTVs). A total of 48 delta-volume radiomics features were acquired from the absolute spatial difference of GTVs (delta-GTV) before and after IC, conceptually representing a consistent portion of ITF. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression (LASSO) was used to select features for establishing the model generating radiomic score (R score). RESULTS: A model including 5 radiomic features from delta-GTV to predict better progression-free survival (PFS) of patients receiving subsequent CCRT was established. The R score was validated with all datasets (area under the curve 0.77). Low R score (<-0.16) was associated with improved PFS (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The established radiomic model for ITF from radiomic features of delta-GTV after IC might be a potential imaging biomarker for predicting clinical outcome of subsequent CCRT in LAHC.

10.
J Hazard Mater ; 419: 126498, 2021 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34214849

RESUMO

The biological treatment of textile wastewater discharged from the dye baths and rinsing processes are challenged by both high temperatures of 50-80 °C and sulfate reduction. At present, most studies report azo dyes can be removed under mesophilic conditions, but the sulfate reduction is inevitable, consuming extra electron donors and producing undesirable sulfide. In this work, a Caldanaerobacter (> 97%) dominated extreme-thermophilic consortium (EX-AO7) was enriched using xylose as the substrate. The typical sulfate-reducing enzymes such as sulfite oxidase and sulfite reductase were not identified in enriched EX-AO7 by the metagenomic analysis. Then, the decolorization and sulfate reduction were expectedly decoupled by enriched EX-AO7 in extreme-thermophilic conditions, in which no sulfide was detected during the AO7 decolorization process. AO7 of 100 and 200 mg/L could be totally decolorized by EX-AO7. However, when 400 mg/L AO7 was added, the residual AO7 concentration was 22 ± 19 mg/L after 24 h, which was mainly due to the toxicity of AO7. Dosing zero-valent iron (ZVI) could also promote AO7 decolorization by 1.7 times since the addition of ZVI could provide a proliferative environment for EX-AO7 growth. Thereby, our work provides a new paradigm to promote the AZO dyes decolorization and minimize sulfate reduction.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo , Corantes , Benzenossulfonatos , Sulfatos
11.
Clin Nutr ; 40(6): 3748-3753, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34130020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Quercetin is one of the most abundant flavonoids in plant kingdom. Because of its strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effect, it is of potential in anti-hypertension. The objective of the present study was to explore the relationship between dietary quercetin and hypertension incidence in a Chinese population. METHODS: Participants aged 17-87 years were recruited at baseline. Those people who did not have hypertension, cardiovascular disease or cancer and finished physical checkup were included in this prospective cohort study. A food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was performed. Follow-up was conducted once a year. The intake of quercetin was calculated based on FFQ and Chinese food composition table. Three Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to investigate the relationship between quercetin intake and incidence of hypertension. RESULTS: The data of 15,662 participants, including 7340 males and 8322 females, were analyzed. The median follow-up period was 3.0 year and the follow-up rate is 85.2%. A total of 2463 subjects developed hypertension during the follow-up period. The mean of daily quercetin intake was 24.7 ± 13.8 mg/day in this population. In the multivariate adjusted Cox proportional hazard regression model, the hazard ratios (95% CI) for hypertension across the ascending quartiles of quercetin intake were: 1.00 (reference), 1.04 (0.92, 1.17), 0.99 (0.87, 1.12), and 1.06 (0.92, 1.21). No significant association was observed between quercetin intake and the incidence of hypertension. CONCLUSION: The dietary intake of quercetin alone does not reach a level sufficient to affect the incidence of hypertension in Chinese population.

12.
Small ; 17(31): e2100542, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34174162

RESUMO

Electronic skins (e-skins) have attracted great attention for their applications in disease diagnostics, soft robots, and human-machine interaction. The integration of high sensitivity, low detection limit, large stretchability, and multiple stimulus response capacity into a single e-skin remains an enormous challenge. Herein, inspired by the structure of nacre, an ultra-stretchable and multifunctional e-skin with tunable strain detection range based on nacre-mimetic multi-layered silver nanowires /reduced graphene oxide /thermoplastic polyurethane mats is fabricated. The e-skin possesses extraordinary strain response performance with a tunable detection range (50 to 200% strain), an ultralow response limit (0.1% strain), a high sensitivity (gauge factor up to 1902.5), a fast response time (20 ms), and an excellent stability (stretching/releasing test of 11 000 cycles). These excellent response behaviors enable the e-skin to accurately monitor full-range human body motions. Additionally, the e-skin can detect relative humidity quickly and sensitively through a reversible physical adsorption/desorption of water vapor, and the assembled e-skin array exhibits excellent performance in noncontact sensing. The tunable and multifunctional e-skins show promising applications in motion monitoring and contact-noncontact human machine interaction.


Assuntos
Nácar , Nanofios , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Eletrônica , Humanos , Movimento (Física)
13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(21): 25325-25333, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34009940

RESUMO

Innovations of transistors toward miniaturization and integration aggravate heat accumulation of central processing units (CPUs). Thermal interface materials (TIMs) are critical to remove the generated heat and to guarantee the device reliability. Herein, maltose-assisted mechanochemical exfoliation was proposed to prepare maltose-g-graphene as a structural motif of TIMs. Then, maltose-g-graphene/gelatin composite films with a bilayer structure were prepared by two-step vacuum filtration to construct effective thermally conductive pathways consisting of the directionally arranged and tightly packed maltose-g-graphene. The bilayer composite film exhibited a remarkable in-plane thermal conductivity (30.8 W m-1 K-1) and strong anisotropic ratio (∼8325%) at 40 wt % maltose-g-graphene addition. More intriguingly, the cooling effect on CPUs was significantly better for the bilayer composite films than commercial thermal pads as TIMs. The outstanding thermally conductive stability in resistance to instantaneous and prolonged thermal shocks as well as fatigue stability was gathered. Our work offers a valuable reference to design and fabricate high-performance TIMs for CPU cooling to surmount harsh application scenarios.

14.
Fish Physiol Biochem ; 47(4): 857-867, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33745109

RESUMO

Exosomes are small membrane-enclosed vesicles secreted by various types of cells. Exosomes not only participate in different physiological processes in cells, but also involve in the cellular responses to viral infection. Grass carp reovirus (GCRV) is a non-enveloped virus with segmented, double-stranded RNA genome. Nowadays, the exact role of exosomes in regulating the life cycle of GCRV infection is still unclear. In this study, the exosomes secreted from Ctenopharyngodon idellus kidney (CIK) cells infected or uninfected with GCRV were isolated, and the differential protein expression profiles were analyzed by proteomic technologies. A total of 1297 proteins were identified in the isolated exosomes. The differentially abundant proteins were further analyzed with functional categories, and numerous important pathways were regulated by exosomes in GCRV-infected CIK cells. These exosomal proteins were estimated to interact with the genes (proteins) of the top 10 most enriched signaling pathways. Furthermore, GW4869 exosome inhibitor suppressed the expression level of VP7 in GCRV-infected cells, suggesting that exosomes play a crucial role in the life cycle of GCRV infection. These findings could shed new lights on understanding the functional roles of exosomes in the cellular responses to GCRV infection.


Assuntos
Exossomos/metabolismo , Doenças dos Peixes/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Rim/citologia , Infecções por Reoviridae/metabolismo , Compostos de Anilina/farmacologia , Animais , Compostos de Benzilideno/farmacologia , Carpas , Células Cultivadas , Exossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Exossomos/virologia , Doenças dos Peixes/virologia , Rim/virologia , Proteômica , Reoviridae , Infecções por Reoviridae/veterinária , Infecções por Reoviridae/virologia
15.
Food Res Int ; 140: 110021, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33648251

RESUMO

Chinese bayberry fruit were treated with hot air (HA) at 48 ℃ for 3 h and then stored at 4 ℃ for 15 d. Changes in fungal communities were analyzed by high-throughput sequencing (HTS), and decay and fruit quality were monitored during storage. The results showed that HA treatment effectively maintains fruit quality and the richness and diversity of fungal communities. Heat treatment inhibited decay development and reduced the growth of fungi in the genera Botryotinia spp., Davidiella spp., Hanseniaspora spp., and Candida spp. Canonical correspondence analysis further revealed that Botryotinia spp. and Davidiella spp. were positively correlated with fruit decay and weight loss. FUNGuild analysis demonstrated that HA-treated bayberries had a lower relative abundance within the plant pathogen guild, but higher relative abundance within the endophyte guild. The results suggest that HA treatment reduces pathogens by favoring the increase of endophytes, providing new insight into the decay development and quality changes during the storage of postharvest Chinese bayberries.


Assuntos
Micobioma , Myrica , China , Conservação de Alimentos , Frutas
16.
Tissue Cell ; 69: 101480, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33418237

RESUMO

Placenta-specific protein 1 (Plac1) has critical functions in multiple human malignancies, but its role in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) was unclear. Clinical samples of NPC and adjacent normal tissue were collected. Plac1 expressions in both tissues and cells were measured. After cell transfection, NPC cell viability, proliferation, migration and invasion were detected using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, colony formation assay, scratch assay and Transwell assay. Relative expressions of Plac1 and proteins related to migration and invasion (E-Cadherin, N-cadherin, Matrix metalloproteinase2 (MMP2), and MMP9), Furin/Notch1 intracellular domain (NICD)/phosphate and tension homology (PTEN) pathway (NICD, PTEN, phosphorylated-Akt (p-Akt), Akt) were quantified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot as needed. The interaction between Plac1 and Furin, a member of Furin/NICD/PTEN Pathway, was analyzed using co-Immunoprecipitation (co-IP) assay. Plac1 expression was upregulated in both NPC tissue and cells. Overexpressed Plac1 promoted Plac1 and Furin expressions and increased cell viability, proliferation, migration and invasion of NPC cells, while silencing Plac1 showed the opposite effects. Plac1 interacted with Furin, overexpression of Furin reversed the inhibitory effects of silencing Plac1 on NPC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, and also reversed the effects of silencing Plac1 on Furin/NICD/PTEN pathway-, cell migration-, and invasion-related protein expressions. Plac1 promoted NPC cell proliferation, migration and invasion via Furin/NICD/PTEN Pathway. The findings of this study provide a possible therapeutic method for NPC treatment.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular , Furina/metabolismo , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/metabolismo , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/metabolismo , Proteínas da Gravidez/metabolismo , Receptor Notch1/metabolismo , Adulto , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Inativação Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica , Regulação para Cima/genética
17.
ACS Omega ; 6(1): 816-826, 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33458532

RESUMO

A novel adsorbent lignin-calcium was fabricated by a simple flocculation-sedimentation approach to remove methylene blue. The structure and morphology of the well-prepared sample were analyzed by multiple characterization methods. Lignin-calcium microspheres demonstrated a mesoporous and inserted layer structure with a coarse surface. Methylene blue (MB) adsorption by lignin-calcium complied with the Langmuir model, showing a maximum adsorption amount of 803.9 mg/g, exceeding that reported in the literature by 3-22-fold. The adsorption kinetics matched the pseudo-second-order model well. The pore volume diffusion model was technically applied to evaluate the mass transfer mechanisms. The effective pore volume diffusion coefficient was 6.28 × 10-12 m2/s. Furthermore, lignin-calcium exhibited excellent adsorbability for methylene blue across a pH range from 3 to 11 and could be regenerated by hydrochloric acid with an elution efficiency of 62.44%. Multiple mechanisms may support the adsorption. Altogether, the tailor-made lignin-calcium is promising as an efficient and sustainable adsorbent for scavenging cationic dyes from dyestuff effluent.

18.
Laryngoscope ; 131(5): E1530-E1538, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33135827

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Sarcopenia and systemic inflammation can affect survival of advanced-stage oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients; however, their reciprocal associations with survival outcomes are yet to be investigated. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review at a tertiary cancer center. METHODS: Patients with stage III-IVB OSCC that underwent surgery and (chemo)radiotherapy at our institution between 2010 and 2015 were reviewed. Skeletal muscle index (SMI) was assessed using computed tomography scans at the C3 vertebra. Sarcopenia was defined at the lowest sex-specific tertile for SMI. Systemic inflammation was estimated using the modified Glasgow prognostic score (mGPS), which ranges from 0 to 2 based on serum C-reactive protein and albumin levels. The predictors of overall survival (OS) were evaluated using Cox regression models. RESULTS: A total of 174 patients were included in the study. The cut-off values for sarcopenia were set at SMI <52.4 cm2 /m2 (men) and < 36.2 cm2 /m2 (women) corresponding to the lowest sex-specific tertile. An mGPS 1-2 was independently associated with sarcopenia (odds ratio: 2.05; 95% confidence interval: 1.06-3.97; P = .03). On multivariate analysis for OS, sarcopenia and mGPS 1-2 independently predicted OS (hazard ratio: 2.12; 95% confidence interval: 1.17-3.85; P = .01 and hazard ratio: 7.85; 95% confidence interval: 3.7-16.65; P < .001, respectively). Patients with both sarcopenia and mGPS 1-2 (vs. neither) had worse OS (hazard ratio: 16.80; 95% confidence interval: 6.01-46.99; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Sarcopenia and systemic inflammation may exert a negative synergistic prognostic impact in advanced-stage OSCC patients. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4 Laryngoscope, 131:E1530-E1538, 2021.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Bucais/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Sarcopenia/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/mortalidade , Adulto , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Proteína C-Reativa/imunologia , Quimiorradioterapia Adjuvante , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Inflamação/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Boca/patologia , Boca/cirurgia , Neoplasias Bucais/complicações , Neoplasias Bucais/imunologia , Neoplasias Bucais/terapia , Músculo Esquelético/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculo Esquelético/imunologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/imunologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico , Sarcopenia/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
19.
Biomaterials ; 268: 120587, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33296793

RESUMO

Combination cancer therapy (e.g., radiochemotherapy) is widely used to enhance the therapeutic effects and prevent the recurrence of cancer. However, the side effects of monotherapy are also amplified when treating cancer with combination therapy. A locally activated drug delivery strategy that can release the payload in a tumor-selective manner is greatly needed to overcome the side effects of combination therapy. Here, we explore the potential of combining boron neutron capture therapy and chemotherapy as a new type of radiochemotherapy. Two-dimensional (2D) boron-10-rich nanosheets (BNNSs) were fabricated as a dual-functional delivery system: targeted boron-10 delivery systems for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) and drug delivery vehicles to load doxorubicin for chemotherapy. Irradiated by low-energy thermal neutron, BNNSs can produce high linear energy transfer (LET) particles to kill tumor cells, and the loaded doxorubicin can be released in situ at the same time. This neutron-triggered radiochemotherapy shows noteworthy efficacy in suppressing tumor growth in triple-negative breast cancer. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report to combine BNCT with chemotherapy as a new type of radiochemotherapy. We hope this study could inspire additional BNCT-induced combination cancer therapies and provide insight for the further clinical translation of BNCT.


Assuntos
Terapia por Captura de Nêutron de Boro , Boro , Compostos de Boro , Humanos , Isótopos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
20.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 114: 103822, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810558

RESUMO

Bombyx mori cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus (BmCPV)that belongs to the genus Cypovirus in the family of Reoviridae is one of the problematic pathogens in sericulture. In our previous study, we have found that lipid-related constituents in the host cellular membrane are associated with the BmCPV life cycle. It is important to note that the lipids not only affect the cellular biological processes, they also impact the virus life cycle. However, the intracellular lipid homeostasis in BmN cells after BmCPV infection remains unclear. Here, the lipid metabolism in BmCPV-infected BmN cells was studied by lipidomics analysis. Our results revealed that the intracellular lipid homeostasis was disturbed in BmN cells upon BmCPV infection. Major lipids constituents in cellular membrane were found to be significantly induced upon BmCPV infection, which included triglycerides, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, sphingomyelin, phospholipids, glucoside ceramide, monoetherphosphatidylcholin, ceramide, ceramide phosphoethanolamine and cardiolipin. Further analysis of the pathways related to these altered lipids (such as PE and PC) showed that glycerophospholipid metabolism was one of the most enriched pathways. These results suggested that BmCPV may manipulate the lipid metabolism of cells for their own interest. The findings may facilitate a better understanding of the roles of lipid metabolic changes during virus infection in future studies.

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