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1.
Carbohydr Polym ; 258: 117676, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33593552

RESUMO

Electrospun nanofiber membrane (ENM) shows great advantage and potential in wastewater treatment due to its unique properties. However, exploring a green and efficient ENM for remediation of complex wastewater, such as simultaneous containing oils, dyes and heavy metal ion, remains challenging. In this work, a cellulose-based photocatalytic ENM, is constructed for this purpose. The hybrid ENM is prepared via electrospinning deacetylated cellulose acetate/polyvinyl pyrrolidone (CeP) nanofibers as skeleton cores and in-situ synthesis of beta hydroxyl oxidize iron decorated iron-based MOF (ß-FeOOH@MIL-100(Fe)) heterojunctions as photocatalytic sheaths. The core-sheath structured ENM has ultrahigh MIL-100(Fe) loading (78 wt%), large surface areas (1105 m2/g) and well-dispersed ß-FeOOH nanorods. Thanks to these porous and hydrophilic MIL-100(Fe), along with a robust photocatalysis-Fenton synergy from ß-FeOOH@MIL-100(Fe), the as-prepared ENM shows outstanding performances with simultaneous high removal efficiency for oils (99.5 %), dyes (99.4 %) and chromium ion (Cr(VI)) (99.7 %). Additionally, the photocatalytic ENM can achieve a long-term reuse owing to its inherent self-cleaning function.

2.
Org Lett ; 23(4): 1361-1366, 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33533629

RESUMO

Following the well-recognized dynamic kinetic resolution (DKR) of hemiaminals with α-hydrogen under lipase and chiral DMAP catalysis, the unprecedented DKR of hemiaminals without α-hydrogen was developed via N-heterocyclic carbene catalyzed O-acylation of 3-hydroxy-3-trifluoromethylbenzosultams. The racemic hemiaminals without α-hydrogen were effectively racemized and differentiated by chiral NHCs under basic conditions. The resulting esters were obtained in high yields with good to high enantioselectivities.

3.
J Org Chem ; 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33475351

RESUMO

A silver-catalyzed cascade cycloaddition of aza-1,6-enynes, affording multifunctional succimide frameworks initiated by the arylsulfonyl radical addition, has been developed. This process shows mild reaction conditions, excellent structural selectivity, and broad functional group tolerance. In addition, the Z/E-isomers can be easily separated, which provides an efficient method for obtaining pure Z/E-configuration products.

4.
Oncogene ; 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33452462

RESUMO

The basic leucine zipper ATF-like transcription factor 2 (BATF2) has been implicated in inflammatory responses and anti-tumour effects. Little, however, is known regarding its extracellular role in maintaining a non-supportive cancer microenvironment. Here, we show that BATF2 inhibits glioma growth and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) recruitment. Interestingly, extracellular vesicles (EVs) from BATF2-overexpressing glioma cell lines (BATF2-EVs) inhibited MDSCs chemotaxis in vitro. Moreover, BATF2 inhibited intracellular SDF-1α and contributes to decreased SDF-1α in EVs. In addition, BATF2 downregulation-induced MDSCs recruitment were reversed by blocking SDF-1α/CXCR4 signalling upon AMD3100 treatment. Specifically, detection of EVs in 24 pairs of gliomas and healthy donors at different stages revealed that the abundance of BATF2-positive EVs in plasma (BATF2+ plEVs) can distinguish stage III-IV glioma from stage I-II glioma and healthy donors. Taken together, our study identified novel regulatory functions of BATF2 in regulating MDSCs recruitment, providing a prognostic value in terms of the number of BATF2+ plEVs in glioma stage.

5.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(5): 1619-1636, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33512160

RESUMO

Novel Pickering emulsions were stabilized by complex interfaces in the presence of zein colloidal particles (ZCPs), propylene glycol alginate (PGA), and rhamnolipid (Rha) for delivery of ß-carotene. The influence of the particle-surfactant, particle-biopolymer, and particle-biopolymer-surfactant mixed interfaces on the physiochemical properties and digestion fate of Pickering emulsions was investigated. It is the first time that three different types of emulsifiers have been used to synergistically stabilize food Pickering emulsions for delivery of lipophilic nutraceuticals. The physicochemical stability, microstructure, rheological properties, and in vitro gastrointestinal digestion of Pickering emulsions were controlled by the addition sequence and mass ratio of multiple stabilizers, which showed the enhanced stability and delayed lipid digestion of the particle-biopolymer-surfactant-stabilized Pickering emulsions. After encapsulation into Pickering emulsions, the retention rate of ß-carotene increased 2-fold under UV radiation for 8 h. The coexistence of ZCPs, PGA, and Rha could induce the competitive displacement, multilayer deposition, and interparticle network at the interface. The combination of particles, a biopolymer, and a surfactant delayed the lipolysis during in vitro gastrointestinal tract. By modulating the interfacial composition, the release rate of free fatty acids from Pickering emulsions was reduced from 19.46% to 2.83% through different mechanisms. The novel Pickering emulsion could be incorporated in foods as well as pharmaceuticals for controlled lipid digestion or targeted nutrient delivery purposes.

6.
Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf ; 20(1): 1075-1100, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33443809

RESUMO

In recent years, starch-based nanoparticles have attracted great interest due to their small size, good biocompatibility, and environmental friendliness, as well as their potential applications in foods, drug delivery carriers, and biodegradable edible films. Compared with nonstarch polysaccharides, starch can be enzymatically hydrolyzed into glucose in vivo, so it can be used as an enzyme-responsive carrier. The recent research progress of starch-based nanoparticles, including starch nanoparticles, starch nanospheres, starch micelles, starch vesicles, starch nanogels, and starch nanofibers, are reviewed in this paper. The main focus is on their responsiveness, digestibility, toxicity, interactions with other components, and applications. Starch-based nanoparticles are nontoxic and responsive to pH, temperature, light, and other stimuli. It can interact with proteins, antioxidants, and lipids through electrostatic interactions and hydrogen bonding interactions. Starch-based nanoparticles have a wide range of applications, including enhancing the mechanical properties of films and gels, stabilizing emulsions, as a fluorescent indicator, a catalyst, and a nanocarrier to control the release of active ingredients and drugs.

7.
Curr Opin Biotechnol ; 67: 88-98, 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33508635

RESUMO

Biofuels are a type of sustainable and renewable energy. However, for the economical production of bulk-volume biofuels, biosystems design is particularly challenging to achieve sufficient yield, titer, and productivity. Because of the lack of predictive modeling, high-throughput screening remains essential. Recently established biofoundries provide an emerging infrastructure to accelerate biological design-build-test-learn (DBTL) cycles through the integration of robotics, synthetic biology, and informatics. In this review, we first introduce the technical advances of build and test automation in synthetic biology, focusing on the use of industry-standard microplates for DNA assembly, chassis engineering, and enzyme and strain screening. Proof-of-concept studies on prototypes of automated foundries are then discussed, for improving biomass deconstruction, metabolic conversion, and host robustness. We conclude with future challenges and opportunities in creating a flexible, versatile, and data-driven framework to support biofuel research and development in biofoundries.

8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(49): 55205-55214, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33256398

RESUMO

The exploration of advanced functional materials from natural resources is significantly important to green and sustainable development. Herein, we design an ultrafast humidity-driven bending response system using asymmetrically patterned cellulose nanofiber (CNF)/graphene oxide (GO) composite films. The CNF/GO composite films are fabricated by vacuum-assisted filtration, followed by a surface imprinting technique. The results reveal that the composite films possess excellent linear response to humidity change and cycle stability in the relative humidity (RH) range from 25 to 85%. The curvature of the film varies from 0.012 to 0.260 cm-1 as the RH changes from 25 to 85%, and the response time is only 3-5 s. The outstanding humidity response is attributed to the addition of GO that actively interacts with water, enhancing the flexibility and humidity sensitivity of the composite films. In addition, asymmetrical patterning improves the water transfer rate by confinement and renders an easy deformation of composite films under the same stress. Molecular dynamics simulation and finite element analysis are used to further elucidate the mechanism therein. Furthermore, this CNF/GO composite film is also an effective hygroelectric generator, with an output voltage as high as 286 mV. This smart CNF/GO film with responsive humidity-driven deformation shows potential applications as a biomimetic leaf, a proximity sensor, and a moisture-driven electricity generator. This work inspires a new approach of smart material design with nanocellulose and GO and promotes their further applications.

9.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2020 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33278451

RESUMO

Recently, amylose-lipid complexes have attracted widespread attention because of their various applications. However, DBS complexed with fatty acids of different carbon chain length are rarely studied. This study aimed to probe the complexation of DBS with saturated fatty acids having different carbon chain lengths (C6-C18). The results revealed that DBS was able to form V-type complexes with all the fatty acids considered. Compared to DBS, the relative crystallinity of the complexes increased 2-3 times. DBS with lauric acid and myristic acid formed three types V-type complexes (type I, type IIa, and type IIb). The complexing index followed the order of hexanoic acid > octanoic acid > capric acid > lauric acid > myristic acid > palmitic acid > stearic acid. Furthermore, lauric acid and myristic acid formed complexes with DBS more easily compared with other fatty acids.

10.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 21466, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33293650

RESUMO

The commensal microbiome is known to influence a variety of host phenotypes. Microbiome profiling followed by differential abundance analysis has been established as an effective approach to study the mechanisms of host-microbiome interactions. However, it is challenging to interpret the collective functions of the resultant microbe-sets due to the lack of well-organized functional characterization of commensal microbiome. We developed microbe-set enrichment analysis (MSEA) to enable the functional interpretation of microbe-sets by examining the statistical significance of their overlaps with annotated groups of microbes that share common attributes such as biological function or phylogenetic similarity. We then constructed microbe-set libraries by query PubMed to find microbe-mammalian gene associations and disease associations by parsing the Disbiome database. To demonstrate the utility of our novel MSEA methodology, we carried out three case studies using publicly available curated knowledge resource and microbiome profiling datasets focusing on human diseases. We found MSEA not only yields consistent findings with the original studies, but also recovers insights about disease mechanisms that are supported by the literature. Overall, MSEA is a useful knowledge-based computational approach to interpret the functions of microbes, which can be integrated with microbiome profiling pipelines to help reveal the underlying mechanism of host-microbiome interactions.

11.
Cell Prolif ; : e12967, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33300223

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The decidua is a tissue that contacts both maternal and foetal components and is pivotal to labour onset due to its location. Due to the heterogeneity of decidual tissue, it is challenging to study its role in the peripartum period. Herein, we analysed the transcriptomes of peripartum decidua at single-cell resolution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Single-cell RNA sequencing was performed for 29 231 decidual cells before and after delivery to characterize the transcriptomes. RESULTS: Eight major cell types (including endothelial cells, fibroblasts) and subtypes of decidual stromal cells, extravillous trophoblasts and T cells were identified and found to have various functions. Compared with before delivery, the activation of decidual stromal cell, extravillous trophoblast and T-cell subtypes to different degrees was observed after delivery. Furthermore, the activation involved multiple functions, such as cell proliferation, and several pathways, such as the activator protein 1 pathway. The results of pseudotemporal ordering showed differentiation of decidual stromal cell and extravillous trophoblast subtypes, suggesting inhomogeneity of these subgroups in decidualization (decidual stromal cell) and invasion (extravillous trophoblast). CONCLUSIONS: The peripartum decidual tissue is heterogeneous. This study revealed changes in the decidua and its components at single-cell resolution; these findings provide a new perspective for the study of peripartum decidua.

12.
Org Lett ; 2020 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33351635

RESUMO

A novel strategy for the synthesis of (E)-3-((arylsulfonyl)methyl)-4-substituted benzylidenechromene derivatives via a metal-free radical annulation reaction of oxygen-containing 1,7-enynes with thiosulfonates has been developed. The reaction shows broad substrate scope, wide functional group tolerance, and moderate to excellent yields. Moreover, thiosulfonates were well driven to achieve the bifunctionalization reaction of oxo-1,7-enynes which derived from aliphatic alkynes. In addition, the (E)-configuration of the products was highly controlled by the structure of 1,7-enyne.

13.
PLoS Genet ; 16(11): e1009159, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33175846

RESUMO

Tumor metastasis is the major cause of poor prognosis and mortality in colorectal cancer (CRC). However, early diagnosis of highly metastatic CRC is currently difficult. In the present study, we screened for a novel biomarker, GDNF family receptor alpha 1 (GFRA1) based on the expression and methylation data in CRC patients from The Cancer Genome Altlas (TCGA), followed by further analysis of the correlation between the GFRA1 expression, methylation, and prognosis of patients. Our results show DNA hypomethylation-mediated upregulation of GFRA1 in invasive CRC, and it was found to be correlated with poor prognosis of CRC patients. Furthermore, GFRA1 methylation-modified sequences were found to have potential as methylation diagnostic markers of highly metastatic CRC. The targeted demethylation of GFRA1 by dCas9-TET1CD and gRNA promoted CRC metastasis in vivo and in vitro. Mechanistically, demethylation of GFRA1 induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) by promoting AKT phosphorylation and increasing c-Jun expression in CRC cells. Collectively, our findings indicate that GFRA1 hypomethylation can promote CRC invasion via inducing EMT, and thus, GFRA1 methylation can be used as a biomarker for the early diagnosis of highly metastasis CRC.

15.
Mol Neurobiol ; 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33165829

RESUMO

Tubulin α-1 A (TUBA1A) mutations cause a wide spectrum of brain abnormalities. Although many mutations have been identified and functionally verified, there are clearly many more, and the relationship between TUBA1A mutations and brain malformations remains unclear. The aim of this study was to identify a TUBA1A mutation in a fetus with severe brain abnormalities, verify it functionally, and determine the mechanism of the mutation-related pathogenesis. A de novo missense mutation of the TUBA1A gene, c.167C>G p.T56R/P.THR56Arg, was identified by exon sequencing. Computer simulations showed that the mutation results in a disruption of lateral interactions between the microtubules. Transfection of 293T cells with TUBA1A p.T56R showed that the mutated protein is only partially incorporated into the microtubule network, resulting in a decrease in the rate of microtubule re-integration in comparison with the wild-type protein. The mechanism of pathological changes induced by the mutant gene was determined by knockdown and overexpression. It was found that knockdown of TUBA1A reduced the generation of neural progenitor cells, while overexpression of wild-type or mutant TUBA1A promoted neurogenesis. Our identification and functional verification of the novel TUBA1A mutation extends the TUBA1A gene-phenotype database. Loss-of-function of TUBA1A was shown to play an important role in early neurogenesis of TUBA1A mutation-related brain malformations.

16.
Food Funct ; 11(11): 9973-9983, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33118591

RESUMO

The novel zein-propylene glycol alginate (PGA) -tea saponin (TS) ternary complex nanoparticles were fabricated to deliver resveratrol. TS was firstly introduced to modulate the functional attributes, microstructure, molecular interactions and gastrointestinal digestion of the complex nanoparticles. The size of zein-PGA-TS complex nanoparticles was between 281.9 and 309.7 nm. In the presence of TS, the encapsulation efficiency of resveratrol was significantly elevated from 58.43% to 85.58%. The environmental stability of resveratrol was improved through entrapping into the complex nanoparticles with the rise in TS proportion. Multiple spectroscopic methods revealed that TS altered the micro-environment and secondary structure of the protein. Hydrogen bonds, hydrophobic effects and electrostatic interactions contributed to the formation of complex nanoparticles. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns showed the amorphous nature of the encapsulated resveratrol. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) confirmed the globular shape of the nanoparticles and their different aggregation states were dependent on the particle compositions. Moreover, the zein-PGA-TS complex nanoparticles exhibited the best sustained release in the small intestine when the mass ratio of zein to TS was 5 : 1 (23.20% in the stomach and 63.11% in the small intestine). These findings indicated the influence of TS on the properties and applications of the protein-polysaccharide complexes, which provided a new insight into the development of novel food grade nanoparticles with desirable stability and digestion behaviour.

17.
Bioresour Technol ; 320(Pt A): 124283, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120062

RESUMO

Viscosity control and reactivity enhancement are of practical importance for high-quality dissolving pulp manufacturing. In this work, we demonstrate a two-step activating process consisting of a phosphotungstic acid (PTA)-assisted prerefining (PTA/R pretreatment), followed by cellulase treatment for this purpose. The cellulase adsorption can increase from 29.1% to 49.7% as a result of PTA/R pretreatment (8000 r at 90 °C). The viscosity of the resultant pulp decreases from 665 to 430 mL/g, while its Fock reactivity increases from 31.5% to 74.4% under a low-loading cellulase treatment (0.5 mg cellulase /g odp), which mainly due to the fact that the PTA/R pretreatment can increase fiber accessibility and viscosity control, thus facilitating cellulase adsorption and reaction efficiency. Moreover, PTA also shows a high recyclability/ reusability (more than 86%) during the PTA/R pretreatment. Therefore, the new proposed two-step activating process provides a green, and efficient pathway for large-scale manufacturing of high-quality dissolving pulp.

19.
Org Lett ; 22(20): 8173-8177, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021799

RESUMO

By the cooperative photoredox and N-heterocyclic carbene catalysis, the γ-difluoroalkylation of γ-preoxidized enals was developed for the synthesis of γ-difluoroalkyl-α,ß-unsaturated esters with all-carbon quaternary centers. This method provides efficient catalytic C(sp3)-CF2R bond formation at the γ-position of carbonyl compounds for the first time.

20.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085209

RESUMO

Pernicious placenta previa with placenta percreta (PP) is a catastrophic condition during pregnancy. However, the underlying pathogenesis remains unclear. In the present study, the placental tissues of normal cases and PP tissues of pernicious placenta previa cases were collected to determine the expression profile of protein-coding genes, miRNAs, and lncRNAs through sequencing. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), accompanied by miRNA target prediction and correlation analysis, were employed to select potential hub protein-coding genes and lncRNAs. The expression levels of selected protein-coding genes, Wnt5A and MAPK13, were determined by quantitative PCR and immunohistochemical staining, and lncRNA PTCHD1-AS and PAPPA-AS1 expression levels were determined by quantitative PCR and fluorescence in situ hybridization. The results indicated that 790 protein-coding genes, 382 miRNAs, and 541 lncRNAs were dysregulated in PP tissues, compared with normal tissues. WGCNA identified coding genes in the module (ME) black and ME turquoise modules that may be involved in the pathogenesis of PP. The selected potential hub protein-coding genes, Wnt5A and MAPK13, were down-regulated in PP tissues, and their expression levels were positively correlated with the expression levels of PTCHD1-AS and PAPPA-AS1. Further analysis demonstrated that PTCHD1-AS and PAPPA-AS1 regulated Wnt5A and MAPK13 expression by interacting with specific miRNAs. Collectively, our results provided multi-omics data to better understand the pathogenesis of PP and help identify predictive biomarkers and therapeutic targets for PP.

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