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1.
Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol ; 48(2): 270-278, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006785

RESUMO

The mortality caused by cervical squamous cell carcinoma and endocervical adenocarcinoma (CESC) ranks second among female malignant tumour deaths, but their diagnostic and therapeutic targets are still limited. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most common and extensive modification in mRNA molecules, and its methylation regulators participate in regulating the occurrence and development of many tumours. However, whether m6A RNA methylation regulators can be used as independent prognostic indicators of CESC remains unknown. This study unveiled differential expression of 20 m6A RNA methylation regulators between normal and CESC tumour samples, which RNA sequence data and clinical information were obtained from TCGA database. As a result, five m6A RNA methylation regulators (FTO, HNRNPA2B1, RBM15, IGF2BP1, IGF2BP3) were identified to be significantly linked to CESC tumour status. After Lasso cox regression analysis, six m6A RNA methylation regulators (YTHDC2, YTHDC1, ALKBH5, ZC3H13, RBMX, YTHDF1) were chosen to construct a risk signature. CESC patients were then classified as high-risk and low-risk group based on the median risk score. The overall survival (OS) of the CESC patients in high-risk group was significantly lower than that in low-risk group, and the area under curve (AUC) is 0.718. Moreover, the risk model can be an independent prognosis factors for CESC patients and can predict OS of CESC patients with different clinical factors. In conclusion, m6A RNA methylation regulators are closely correlated with CESC clinical characteristics and the selected six m6A RNA methylation regulators may be useful for CESC patients personalized treatment.

2.
Blood Press Monit ; 26(1): 39-45, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32701565

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Changes in baseline resting heart rate (RHR) appear to predict new-onset hypertension (NOH). However, RHR is a dynamic anthropometric parameter; thus, the association between changes in RHR and NOH requires further investigation. METHODS: We studied 10 403 participants who were initially normotensive and who had at least one routine health examination at baseline and 1 year later during 2011-2016. We compared the RHR between the baseline and 1-year follow-up. We defined hypertension as SBP ≥140 mmHg or DBP ≥90 mmHg. Participants were divided into three groups: RHR decreased, RHR unchanged [from 0 to 10 beats per minute (bpm)], and RHR increased ≥10 bpm. Cox regression analysis was performed to calculate relative risk with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between NOH and RHR change. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up period of 2.42 years, 1173 (11.28%) participants developed hypertension. After adjusting for age, sex, SBP, DBP, RHR and other confounders obtained at baseline, and compared with participants with unchanged RHR, participants with decreased RHR had a 17% decreased risk of NOH (adjusted hazard ratio: 0.83, 95% CI 0.73-0.95), whereas subjects with RHR that increased ≥10 bpm had a 23% increased risk of NOH (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.23, 95% CI 1.04-1.46). CONCLUSION: A 1-year increase in RHR for initially normotensive subjects is an independent risk factor for subsequent hypertension.

3.
Diabetes Care ; 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355246

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Comprehensive assessment of serum bile acids (BAs) aberrations before diabetes onset remains inconclusive. We examined the association of serum BA profile and coregulation with the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among normoglycemic Chinese adults. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We tested 23 serum BA species in subjects with incident diabetes (n = 1,707) and control subjects (n = 1,707) matched by propensity score (including age, sex, BMI, and fasting glucose) from the China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort (4C) Study, which was composed of 54,807 normoglycemic Chinese adults with a median follow-up of 3.03 years. Multivariable-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for associations of BAs with T2DM were estimated using conditional logistic regression. RESULTS: In multivariable-adjusted logistic regression analysis, per SD increment of unconjugated primary and secondary BAs were inversely associated with incident diabetes, with an OR (95% CI) of 0.89 (0.83-0.96) for cholic acid, 0.90 (0.84-0.97) for chenodeoxycholic acid, and 0.90 (0.83-0.96) for deoxycholic acid (P < 0.05 and false discovery rate <0.05). On the other hand, conjugated primary BAs (glycocholic acid, taurocholic acid, glycochenodeoxycholic acid, taurochenodeoxycholic acid, and sulfated glycochenodeoxycholic acid) and secondary BA (tauroursodeoxycholic acid) were positively related with incident diabetes, with ORs ranging from 1.11 to 1.19 (95% CIs ranging between 1.05 and 1.28). In a fully adjusted model additionally adjusted for liver enzymes, HDL cholesterol, diet, 2-h postload glucose, HOMA-insulin resistance, and waist circumference, the risk estimates were similar. Differential correlation network analysis revealed that perturbations in intraclass (i.e., primary and secondary) and interclass (i.e., unconjugated and conjugated) BA coregulation preexisted before diabetes onset. CONCLUSIONS: These findings reveal novel changes in BAs exist before incident T2DM and support a potential role of BA metabolism in the pathogenesis of diabetes.

4.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 199: 105875, 2020 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33340924

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic liver disease is an important cause of liver failure and death worldwide, and liver fibrosis is a common pathological process of most chronic liver diseases. There still lacks a useful tool for evaluating liver fibrosis progression precisely and non-invasively. The purpose of this study was to explore the use of ultrasound radio frequency (RF) signals combined with deep learning approach to evaluate the degree of liver fibrosis quantitatively. METHODS: In this study, by extracting the output of deep learning models as a prediction value, a quantitative liver fibrosis prediction method was achieved based on the bidirectional long short-term memory (Bi-LSTM) network to analyze radio frequency (RF) signals. The dataset consisted of 160 sets of ultrasound RF signals of rat livers, including five fibrosis stages 0-4, upon pathological diagnosis. In total, 150 sets of RF signals were used to train four deep learning classification models, the output of which contained quantitative information. In each training stage of the four models, a large number of signal segments were extracted from the 150 sets and divided randomly into training and validation sets in a ratio of 80:20. Ten sets of RF data using the gold standard of quantitative fibrosis parameter (q-FP) of liver tissues were left for independent testing. To validate the proposed method, correlation analysis was carried out between q-FP and the quantitative prediction results based on the independent test data. RESULTS: The accuracy of the four deep learning networks using the training and validation data was above 0.83 and 0.80, and the corresponding areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves were higher than 0.95 and 0.93, respectively. For the quantitative analysis in the independent test set, the determination coefficient, R2, of the linear regression analysis between the quantitative prediction results and q-FP was above 0.93. liver fibrosis is a common pathological process of most chronic liver diseases. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that a prediction system based on ultrasound RF signals and a deep learning approach is promising for realizing quantitative and visualized diagnosis of liver fibrosis, which would be of great value in monitoring liver fibrosis non-invasively.

5.
World J Clin Cases ; 8(21): 5380-5388, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33269273

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer with ovarian metastases is rare and easily misdiagnosed. Most patients are first diagnosed with ovarian cancer. We report a rare case of ovarian metastases secondary to pancreatic adenocarcinoma. We also review the literature to analyze the clinical characteristics of, diagnostic methods for, and perioperative management strategies for this rare malignancy. CASE SUMMARY: A 48-year-old woman with an abdominal mass presented to our hospital. Computed tomography revealed lesions in the pancreas and lower abdomen. Radiological examination and histological investigation of biopsy specimens revealed either an ovarian metastasis from a pancreatic neoplasm or two primary tumors, with metastasis strongly suspected. The patient simultaneously underwent distal pancreatectomy plus splenectomy by a general surgeon and salpingo-oophorectomy with hysterectomy by a gynecologist. Histological examination of the surgical specimen revealed a pancreatic adenocarcinoma (intermediate differentiation, mucinous) and a metastatic mucinous adenocarci-noma in the ovary. CONCLUSION: For this rare tumor, surgical resection is the most effective treatment, and the final diagnosis depends on tumor pathology.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33270508

RESUMO

Hypoxia poses a serious threat to pilots. The aim of the study was to examine the efficacy of electrical bioimpedance (EBI) in detecting the onset of hypoxia in real time in a rabbit hypoxia model. Thirty-two New Zealand rabbits were divided equally into four groups (control group and 3 hypoxia groups, i.e. mild, moderate and severe). Hypoxia was induced by simulating various altitudes in the hypobaric oxygen chamber (3000 m, 5000 m and 8000 m). Both cerebral impedance and blood oxygen (SaO2) were monitored continuously. Results showed that the cerebral impedance increased immediately during the period of increasing altitude and decreased quickly to the initial baseline at the phase of descending altitude. Moreover, the change of cerebral impedance in mild hypoxia group (3000 m) is significantly smaller than those in the other two groups (5000 m and 8000 m, P<0.05). The changes of cerebral impedance and SaO2 were significantly correlated based on the total of measurement data (R2=0.628, P<0.001). Further, the agreement analysis performed with Bland-Altman and standardized residual plots exhibited high concordance between cerebral impedance and SaO2. Receiver operator characteristic analysis manifested that the sensitivity, specificity and area under the curve using cerebral impedance for changes of SaO2 >10% were 0.735, 0.826 and 0.845, respectively. These findings demonstrated that EBI could sensitively and accurately monitor changes of cerebral impedance induced by hypoxia, which might provide a potential tool for the real-time and non-invasive monitoring of hypoxic condition of pilots in flight for early identification of hypoxia.

8.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33288861

RESUMO

Fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) is a promising anticancer target. Currently, most FGFR inhibitors lack sufficient selectivity and have nonnegligible activity against kinase insert domain receptor (KDR), limiting their feasibility due to the serious side effects. Notably, compensatory activation occurs among FGFR1-4, suggesting the urgent need to develop selective pan-FGFR1-4 inhibitors. Here, we explored the antitumor activity of DW14383, a novel irreversible FGFR1-4 inhibitor. DW14383 exhibited equivalently high potent inhibition against FGFR1, 2, 3 and 4, with IC50 values of less than 0.3, 1.1, less than 0.3, and 0.5 nmol/L, respectively. It is a selective FGFR inhibitor, exhibiting more than 1100-fold selectivity for FGFR1 over recombinant KDR, making it one of the most selective FGFR inhibitors over KDR described to date. Furthermore, DW14383 significantly inhibited cellular FGFR1-4 signaling, inducing G1/S cell cycle arrest, which in turn antagonized FGFR-dependent tumor cell proliferation. In contrast, DW14383 had no obvious antiproliferative effect against cancer cell lines without FGFR aberration, further confirming its selectivity against FGFR. In representative FGFR-dependent xenograft models, DW14383 oral administration substantially suppressed tumor growth by simultaneously inhibiting tumor proliferation and angiogenesis via inhibiting FGFR signaling. In summary, DW14383 is a promising selective irreversible pan-FGFR inhibitor with pan-tumor spectrum potential in FGFR1-4 aberrant cancers, which has the potential to overcome compensatory activation among FGFR1-4.

9.
Int Heart J ; 61(6): 1107-1113, 2020 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191341

RESUMO

Dickkopp-3 (DKK3) has been identified to play a protection role against atherosclerosis. However, little is known about the relationship between serum DKK3 levels and subclinical coronary atherosclerosis. We aimed to investigate the association of serum DKK3 with coronary stenosis in an asymptomatic Chinese population. A total of 550 Chinese adults aged 40-60 years and without symptoms or histories of cardiovascular diseases were randomly selected to undergo coronary computed tomography angiography. We defined ≥ 50% luminal narrowing as significant coronary stenosis and measured serum DKK3 levels by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Fifty-nine participants had significant coronary stenosis and 223 had < 50% coronary stenosis. Proportions of significant coronary stenosis were 13.7%, 11.4%, and 7.1% in DKK3 tertiles 1-3, respectively (Ptrend = 0.0427). In the univariable multinomial logistic regression model, a decreasing DKK3 tertile was associated with significant coronary stenosis with borderline significance (OR: 1.40; 95% confidence intervals (CI): 0.98-1.99, P = 0.0642). In the multivariable regression model, participants in the lowest DKK3 tertile were associated with a 1.42-fold increased risk of significant coronary stenosis than those in the highest DKK3 tertile (OR: 2.42; 95% CI: 1.10-5.33; P = 0.0279) after adjustment for conventional cardiovascular risk factors. In addition, associations between DKK3 and significant coronary stenosis were consistent among subgroups. However, no significant association was found between serum DKK3 levels and < 50% coronary stenosis. Therefore, we have added to the existing evidence that serum DKK3 is inversely associated with the risk of significant coronary stenosis in asymptomatic middle-aged Chinese.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/sangue , Doenças Assintomáticas/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Estenose Coronária/sangue , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
10.
Int J Med Sci ; 17(17): 2653-2662, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33162793

RESUMO

Background and aim: To perform a longitudinal analysis of serial CT findings over time in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia. Methods: From February 5 to March 8, 2020, 73 patients (male to female, ratio of 43:30; mean age, 51 years) with COVID-19 pneumonia were retrospectively enrolled and followed up until discharge from three institutions in China. The patients were divided into the severe and non-severe groups according to treatment option. The patterns and distribution of lung abnormalities, total CT scores, single ground-glass opacity (GGO) CT scores, single consolidation CT scores, single reticular CT scores and the amounts of zones involved were reviewed by 2 radiologists. These features were analyzed for temporal changes. Results: In non-severe group, total CT scores (median, 9.5) and the amounts of zones involved were slowly increased and peaked in disease week 2. In the severe group, the increase was faster, with scores also peaking at 2 weeks (median, 20). In both groups, the later parameters began to decrease in week 4 (median values of 9 and 19 in the non-severe and severe groups, respectively). In the severe group, the dominant residual lung lesions were reticular (median single reticular CT score, 10) and consolidation (median single consolidation CT score, 7). In the non-severe group, the dominant residual lung lesions were GGO (median single GGO CT score, 7) and reticular (median single reticular CT score, 4). In both non-severe and severe groups, the GGO pattern was dominant in week 1, with a higher proportion in the severe group compared with the non-severe group (72% vs. 65%). The consolidation pattern peaked in week 2, with 9 (32%) and 19 (73%) in the non-severe and severe groups, respectively; the reticular pattern became dominant from week 4 (both group >40%). Conclusion: The extent of CT abnormalities in the severe and non-severe groups peaked in disease week 2. The temporal changes of CT manifestations followed a specific pattern, which might indicate disease progression and recovery.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , China , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Pulmão/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
11.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 265, 2020 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33129308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical outcomes of patients who received distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy (DPS) and spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy (SPDP) have been generally investigated. However, postoperative hematological changes after distal pancreatectomy with or without splenectomy are poorly understood. METHODS: Information from patients undergoing distal pancreatectomy (DP) between January 2014 and June 2019 at a single institution was reviewed. A linear mixed-effects model was used to compare dynamic hematological changes between different groups. RESULTS: A total of 302 patients who underwent DP were enrolled. In the long term, most postoperative hematological parameters remained significantly higher than preoperative levels in the DPS group, while postoperative lymphocyte, monocyte, basophil, and platelet levels returned to preoperative levels in the SPDP group. All postoperative hematological parameters except for red blood cell count and serum hemoglobulin level were significantly higher in the DPS group than in the SPDP group. There were no significant differences in hematological changes between the splenic vessel preservation (SVP) and Warshaw technique (WT) groups. CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative hematological changes were significantly different between the DPS and SPDP groups. Compared to DPS, SPDP reduced abnormal hematological changes caused by splenectomy. SVP and WT were comparable in terms of postoperative hematological changes.


Assuntos
Pancreatectomia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Esplenectomia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Doenças Hematológicas/sangue , Doenças Hematológicas/diagnóstico , Doenças Hematológicas/etiologia , Testes Hematológicos , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Pancreatectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Esplenectomia/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
PeerJ ; 8: e10128, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33150070

RESUMO

Background: Immunoglobulin superfamily member 10 (IGSF10) is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily that is expressed at high levels in both the gallbladder and ovary. Currently, the role and possible mechanism of IGSF10 in breast cancer remain unclear. Method: By applying real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC), the expression of IGSF10 in breast cancer cells and tissues was detected. We collected the clinical information from 700 patients with breast cancer in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and analyzed the relationship between IGSF10 expression and the clinicopathological features and survival outcomes of these patients. The potential mechanisms and pathways associated with IGSF10 in breast cancer were explored by performing a gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). Results: According to TCGA data, qRT-PCR and IHC experiments, levels of the IGSF10 mRNA and protein were significantly decreased in breast cancer tissues. IGSF10 expression was significantly correlated with age, tumor size, and tumor stage. Moreover, shorter overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) correlated with lower IGSF10 expression, according to the survival analysis. The multivariate analysis identified that IGSF10 as an independent prognostic factor for the OS (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.793, 95% confidence interval (CI) [1.141-2.815], P = 0.011) and RFS (HR = 2.298, 95% CI [1.317-4.010], P = 0.003) of patients with breast cancer. Based on the GSEA, IGSF10 was involved in DNA repair, cell cycle, and glycolysis. IGSF10 was also associated with the PI3K/Akt/mTOR and mTORC1 signaling pathways. Conclusions: This study revealed a clear relationship between IGSF10 expression and the tumorigenesis of breast cancer for the first time. Therefore, further studies are needed to understand the mechanism of IGSF10 in breast cancer.

13.
Cancer Control ; 27(1): 1073274820960467, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938231

RESUMO

Patients with lung cancer are presumed to be at high risk from COVID-19 infection due to underlying malignancy. A total of 31 COVID-19 patients with pre-diagnosed lung cancer and 186 age and sex matched COVID-19 patients without cancer in 6 hospitals in Wuhan, China were identified in our study. There was a significantly higher level of IL-6 in lung cancer group showed by multifactorial analysis. The restricted mean survival time in 10, 20, and 53 days in COVID-19 patients with lung cancer were ealier than non-cancer COVID-19 patients in the same observation time (all P values < 0.05). Our results indicated that pre-diagnosed lung cancer was associated with higher morbidity and mortality in COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Feminino , Hospitalização/tendências , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
14.
Int J Med Sci ; 17(14): 2125-2132, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32922173

RESUMO

Objectives: To present the temporal changes of CT manifestations in COVID-19 patients from a single fangcang shelter hospital and to facilitate the understanding of the disease course. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study included 98 patients (males: females, 43:55, mean year, 49±12 years) with confirmed COVID-19 at Jianghan fangcang shelter hospital admitted between Feb 05, 2020, and Feb 09, 2020, who had initial chest CTs at our hospital. Radiographic features and CT scores were analyzed. Results: A total of 267 CT scans of 98 patients were evaluated. Our study showed a high median total CT score of 7 within the first week from symptom onset, peaked in the 2nd week at 10, followed by persistently high levels of CT score with 9.5, 7 and 7 for the week 3, 4, and >4, respectively, and a prolonged median disease course (30 days, the median interval between the onset of initial symptoms and discharge). Ground-glass opacity (GGO) (58%, 41/71) was the earliest and most frequent finding in week 1. Consolidation (26%, 14/53) and mixed pattern (40%, 21/53) were predominant patterns in 2nd week. GGO and reticular were the main patterns of later phase CT scans in patients with relatively advanced diseases who had longer illness duration (≥4 weeks). Among the 94 CT abnormalities obtained within 3 days from the twice RT-PCR test turned negative, the mixed pattern was mainly presented in patients with disease duration of 2-3 weeks, for GGO and reticular were common during the whole course. Conclusion: Discharged patients from fangcang shelter hospital demonstrated a high extent of lung abnormalities on CT within the first week from symptom onset, peaked at 2nd week, followed by persistence of high levels and a prolonged median disease course. GGO was the predominant pattern in week 1, consolidation and mixed pattern in 2nd week, whereas GGO and reticular patterns in later stages (≥4 weeks).


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Betacoronavirus/genética , China/epidemiologia , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Unidades Móveis de Saúde , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , RNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
15.
Front Physiol ; 11: 1078, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32973568

RESUMO

Parasitic infection improves metabolic homeostasis in "western diet"-induced obesity through the regulation of adipogenesis. However, the underlying mechanism is not yet fully understood. Using microarray analysis, this study investigated the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) and messenger RNA (mRNA) profiles of subcutaneous adipose tissues from mice infected with Echinococcus granulosus protoscoleces. A total of 1052 mRNA (541 upregulated, 511 downregulated) and 220 lncRNA (126 upregulated, 94 downregulated) transcripts were differentially expressed (fold change ≥2, P < 0.05) in the infected subcutaneous adipose tissues. When compared with the control group, the infected mice showed a decrease in adipose tissue mass and a reduction in adipocyte size. Indirect calorimetry revealed the change in the energy metabolism after infection, characterized by a lower CO2 production and O2 consumption, a sharp decline in carbohydrate oxidation, and a slight increase in fat oxidation. Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analyses showed that the parasitic infection reprogrammed a complex metabolic network. Notably, "lipoxygenase" and "arginine and proline metabolism" pathways were significantly upregulated while "glycolysis," "tricarboxylic acid cycle," "de novo lipogenesis," and "lipid droplet" pathways were dramatically downregulated. In addition, several key lncRNAs were associated with insulin resistance and adipocyte differentiation. Overall, the present study suggested that E. granulosus infection could enhance lipolysis. Thus, our findings provide novel insights into parasite-mediated metabolic homeostasis, and into the mechanism of hypertrophic adipocytes in obesity.

16.
Glob Heart ; 15(1): 59, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32923352

RESUMO

Aims: To examine whether electrocardiography (ECG) could provide additional values to the traditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk prediction among different cardiovascular risk subgroups. Methods: A total of 7,872 community residents aged ≥40 years were followed up for a median of 4.5 years. A 12-lead resting ECG was examined for participants at baseline. CVD events including myocardial infarction, stroke and cardiovascular mortality were collected. Cox proportional hazards models were used and models of traditional risk factors with and without ECG were compared. Results: At baseline, 2,470 participants (31.3%) had ECG abnormalities. During follow-up, 464 participants developed CVD events. ECG abnormalities were associated with an increased risk of CVD after adjustment for the traditional risk factors in participants with a 10-year atherosclerotic CVD (ASCVD) risk ≥10% (hazard ratio, HR: 1.45; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.11, 1.91). Adding ECG abnormalities to the traditional CVD risk factors improved reclassification for those who did not experience events [net reclassification index: 8.0% (95% CI: 2%, 19.5%)], discrimination (integrated discrimination improvement: 0.7% (95% CI: 0.1%, 1.9%), and calibration (goodness of fit P value from 0.600 to 0.873) in participants with a 10-year ASCVD risk ≥10%. However, no significant association and improvement were found in participants with a 10-year ASCVD risk <10%. Conclusions: ECG screening might provide a marginal improvement in CVD risk prediction in adults at high risk. However, ECG should not be recommended in adults at low risk.

17.
Transfusion ; 2020 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32770691

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The management of critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by a new human virus severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is challenging. Recently, there have been several reports with inconsistent results after treatment with convalescent plasma (CP) on critically ill patients with COVID-19, which was produced with a neutralizing antibody titer and tested in a P3 or P4 laboratory. However, due to the limitation of the conditions on mass production of plasma, most producers hardly had the capability to isolate the neutralizing antibody. Here, we report the clinical courses of three critically ill patients with COVID-19 receiving CP treatments by total immunoglobulin G (IgG) titer collection. METHODS: Three patients with COVID-19 in this study were laboratory confirmed to be positive for SARS-CoV-2, with radiographic and clinical features of pneumonia. CP was collected by total IgG titer of 160 (range, 200-225 mL), and patients were transfused between 20 and 30 days after disease onset at the critical illness stage as a trial in addition to standard care. The clinical courses of these patients, including laboratory results and pulmonary functional and image studies after receiving convalescent plasma infusions, were reviewed. RESULTS: No therapeutic effect of CP was observed in any of the patients; instead, all three patients deteriorated and required extracorporeal membrane oxygenation treatment. A potential cytokine storm 4 hours after infusion of CP in Patient 2 was observed. No more patients were put on the trial of CP transfusion. CONCLUSIONS: We recommend extreme caution in using CP in critically ill patients more than 2 weeks after the onset of COVID-19 pneumonia.

18.
Diabetes Care ; 43(8): 1902-1909, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32499384

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aim to investigate the impact of ideal cardiovascular health metrics (ICVHMs) on the association between famine exposure and adulthood diabetes risk. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This study included 77,925 participants from the China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort (4C) Study who were born around the time of the Chinese Great Famine and free of diabetes at baseline. They were divided into three famine exposure groups according to the birth year, including nonexposed (1963-1974), fetal exposed (1959-1962), and childhood exposed (1949-1958). Relative risk regression was used to examine the associations between famine exposure and ICVHMs on diabetes. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 3.6 years, the cumulative incidence of diabetes was 4.2%, 6.0%, and 7.5% in nonexposed, fetal-exposed, and childhood-exposed participants, respectively. Compared with nonexposed participants, fetal-exposed but not childhood-exposed participants had increased risks of diabetes, with multivariable-adjusted risk ratios (RRs) (95% CIs) of 1.17 (1.05-1.31) and 1.12 (0.96-1.30), respectively. Increased diabetes risks were observed in fetal-exposed individuals with nonideal dietary habits, nonideal physical activity, BMI ≥24.0 kg/m2, or blood pressure ≥120/80 mmHg, whereas significant interaction was detected only in BMI strata (P for interaction = 0.0018). Significant interactions have been detected between number of ICVHMs and famine exposure on the risk of diabetes (P for interaction = 0.0005). The increased risk was observed in fetal-exposed participants with one or fewer ICVHMs (RR 1.59 [95% CI 1.24-2.04]), but not in those with two or more ICVHMs. CONCLUSIONS: The increased risk of diabetes associated with famine exposure appears to be modified by the presence of ICVHMs.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32588088

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To develop a predictive model by 18F-FDG PET/CT radiomic features and to validate the predictive value of the model for distinguishing solitary lung adenocarcinoma from tuberculosis. METHODS: A total of 235 18F-FDG PET/CT patients with pathologically or follow-up confirmed lung adenocarcinoma (n = 131) or tuberculosis (n = 104) were retrospectively and randomly divided into a training (n = 163) and validation (n = 72) cohort. Based on the Transparent Reporting of Multivariable Prediction Model for Individual Prognosis or Diagnosis (TRIPOD), this work was belonged to TRIPOD type 2a study. The Mann-Whitney U test and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) algorithm were used to select the optimal predictors from 92 radiomic features that were extracted from PET/CT, and the optimal predictors were used to build the radiomic model in the training cohort. The meaningful clinical variables comprised the clinical model, and the combination of the radiomic model and clinical model was a complex model. The performances of the models were assessed by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) in the training and validation cohorts. RESULTS: In the training cohort, 9 radiomic features were selected as optimal predictors to build the radiomic model. The AUC of the radiomic model was significantly higher than that of the clinical model in the training cohort (0.861 versus 0.686, p < 0.01), and this was similar in the validation cohort (0.889 versus 0.644, p < 0.01). The AUC of the radiomic model was slightly lower than that of the complex model in the training cohort (0.861 versus 0.884, p > 0.05) and validation cohort (0.889 versus 0.909, p > 0.05), but there was no significant difference. CONCLUSION: 18F-FDG PET/CT radiomic features have a significant value in differentiating solitary lung adenocarcinoma from tuberculosis.

20.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 20(1): 151, 2020 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32448238

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chinese herbal medicine is widely used in combination with usual care for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) in China. Chinese patent medicine Shufeng Jiedu (SFJD) capsules is widely used for respiratory infectious diseases. This review aims to evaluate effectiveness and safety of SFJD for AECOPD. METHODS: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in patients with AECOPD, who received SFJD as a single intervention or as add-on treatment to usual care. PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science and four Chinese databases were searched from inception to April 2019. Two authors screened trials, extracted data, and assessed risk of bias, independently. Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 software. We performed subgroup analyses and sensitivity analyses according to the predefined protocol. Quality of evidence was assessed using GRADE. RESULTS: Thirteen RCTs (1036 patients, with 936 inpatients) were included, all compared SFJD in combination with usual care (including antibiotics) to usual care alone. The mean age of participants ranged from 52 to 67 years, with approximately 60% male. Due to lack of blinding and other factors, all trials were of high risk of bias. SFJD was associated with a significant reduction in treatment failure, from 20.1 to 8.3% (11 trials; 815 patients; relative risk 0.43, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.30 to 0.62), and duration of hospital stay (2 trials; 79 patients; mean difference - 4.32 days, 95% CI - 5.89 to - 2.75 days). No significant difference in adverse events was found between SFJD and control groups. CONCLUSION: Low certainty evidence suggests SFJD may bring additional benefit in reducing treatment failure, shorten hospital stay, and improving symptoms. Further large, high quality RCTs are needed to confirm its benefit and safety. TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42019133682.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Cápsulas , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
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