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1.
Chin J Traumatol ; 22(1): 1-11, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30850324

RESUMO

Vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) is frequently used in abdominal surgeries. However, relevant guidelines are rare. Chinese Trauma Surgeon Association organized a committee composed of 28 experts across China in July 2017, aiming to provide an evidence-based recommendation for the application of VSD in abdominal surgeries. Eleven questions regarding the use of VSD in abdominal surgeries were addressed: (1) which type of materials should be respectively chosen for the intraperitoneal cavity, retroperitoneal cavity and superficial incisions? (2) Can VSD be preventively used for a high-risk abdominal incision with primary suture? (3) Can VSD be used in severely contaminated/infected abdominal surgical sites? (4) Can VSD be used for temporary abdominal cavity closure under some special conditions such as severe abdominal trauma, infection, liver transplantation and intra-abdominal volume increment in abdominal compartment syndrome? (5) Can VSD be used in abdominal organ inflammation, injury, or postoperative drainage? (6) Can VSD be used in the treatment of intestinal fistula and pancreatic fistula? (7) Can VSD be used in the treatment of intra-abdominal and extra-peritoneal abscess? (8) Can VSD be used in the treatment of abdominal wall wounds, wound cavity, and defects? (9) Does VSD increase the risk of bleeding? (10) Does VSD increase the risk of intestinal wall injury? (11) Does VSD increase the risk of peritoneal adhesion? Focusing on these questions, evidence-based recommendations were given accordingly. VSD was strongly recommended regarding the questions 2-4. Weak recommendations were made regarding questions 1 and 5-11. Proper use of VSD in abdominal surgeries can lower the risk of infection in abdominal incisions with primary suture, treat severely contaminated/infected surgical sites and facilitate temporary abdominal cavity closure.


Assuntos
Abdome/cirurgia , Drenagem/métodos , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Traumatologia/organização & administração , Vácuo , China , Humanos
2.
Pancreas ; 45(1): 127-33, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26390416

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) is a fatal disease with natural course of early SAP (ESAP) and late SAP (LSAP) phases. Peripancreatic percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) is effective in management of LSAP. Although our previous study indicates that intra-abdominal PCD ahead of peripancreatic PCD benefits ESAP patients with sterile fluid collections, the mechanism is still uncovered. METHODS: According to therapeutic results, 452 SAP patients who underwent PCD were divided into sterile group (248 cases), secondary infection group (145 cases), and primary infection group (59 cases). RESULTS: The mortality was 4.1%, 10.9%, and 18.6%, respectively. Logistic-regression analysis indicated that multiorgan dysfunction syndrome (odds ratio [OR], 1.717; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.098-2.685; P = 0.018), catheters located intra-abdominally (OR, 0.511; 95% CI, 0.296-0.884; P = 0.016), and intra-abdominal hypertension (OR, 1.534; 95% CI, 1.016-2.316; P = 0.042) were predictors for infection after PCD. Receiver operating characteristics curve delineated that decrease of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) of more than 6.5 mm Hg after PCD had the ability to predict infection with sensitivity of 84.0% and specificity of 79.5%. CONCLUSIONS: Intra-abdominal PCD for acute sterile fluid collections seems to be an effective option rather than peripancreatic PCD. Patients with a significant decrease of IAP had a lower incidence of infection and better alleviation of organ failure.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas/etiologia , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/etiologia , Cateterismo/métodos , Drenagem/métodos , Hipertensão Intra-Abdominal/etiologia , Pancreatite/terapia , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Infecções Bacterianas/diagnóstico , Infecções Bacterianas/mortalidade , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/diagnóstico , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/mortalidade , Cateterismo/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo/instrumentação , Cateterismo/mortalidade , Cateteres , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , China , Drenagem/efeitos adversos , Drenagem/instrumentação , Drenagem/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Hipertensão Intra-Abdominal/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Intra-Abdominal/fisiopatologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/etiologia , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/mortalidade , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Pancreatite/complicações , Pancreatite/diagnóstico , Pancreatite/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Pressão , Fatores de Proteção , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Pancreatology ; 15(1): 71-7, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25455348

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effect of percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) on pancreatic injury in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) rats. METHODS: Sixty Wistar rats were equally randomized into three groups: a sham operated control group, an SAP control group, and a PCD group. The levels of inflammatory cytokines, the activity of group II phospholipase A2 (PLA2) in blood and ascitic fluid, and the pancreas level of group II PLA2 and trypsin activity were measured 24 h after the operation. The apoptosis of the pancreatic cells, the expression of cycloxygenase-2 (COX-2), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), active caspase-3, Bcl-2 and Bax in the pancreas was detected. Pancreatic pathological changes were observed. RESULTS: The levels of proinflammatory cytokines, the activity of group II PLA2 and trypsin activity in pancreas in the SAP group were higher than those in the PCD group. The histopathological results revealed that the pancreatic injury was alleviated in the PCD group. The expression of COX-2 and iNOS in the pancreatic tissue in the SAP control rats was higher than that in the PCD rats. The expression of Bcl-2 was decreased and the expression of active caspase-3 and Bax was increased in the pancreas of PCD rats. The apoptosis index of the pancreatic cells in the PCD rats was higher than that in the SAP control rats. CONCLUSION: PCD can relieve SAP-induced pancreatic injury by inhibiting inflammatory reactions, and promoting apoptosis of pancreatic cells.


Assuntos
Drenagem/métodos , Pâncreas/patologia , Pancreatite/terapia , Doença Aguda , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Western Blotting , Colagogos e Coleréticos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pâncreas/metabolismo , Pancreatite/induzido quimicamente , Pancreatite/metabolismo , Pancreatite/patologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Ácido Taurocólico , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 29(1): 215-22, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24117897

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Oxidative stress and inflammation play important roles in the progression from simple fatty liver to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The aim of this work was to investigate whether treatment with hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) prevented NASH in rats through abating oxidative stress and suppressing inflammation. METHODS: A methionine-choline-deficient (MCD) diet rat model was prepared. Rats were divided into three experimental groups and fed for 8 weeks as follows: (i) control rats; (ii) MCD-diet-fed rats; (iii) MCD-diet-fed rats treated with NaHS (intraperitoneal injection of 0.1 mL/kg/day of 0.28 mol/L NaHS, a donor of H2 S). RESULTS: MCD diet impaired hepatic H2 S biosynthesis in rats. Treatment with H2 S prevented MCD-diet-induced NASH, as evidenced by hematoxylin and eosin staining, reduced apoptosis and activities of alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase, and attenuated hepatic fat accumulation in rats. Treatment with H2 S abated MCD-diet-induced oxidative stress through reducing cytochrome p4502E1 expression, enhancing heme oxygenase-1 expression, and suppressing mitochondrial reactive oxygen species formation, and suppressed MCD-diet-induced inflammation through suppressing activated nuclear factor κB signaling and reducing interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor α expressions. In addition, treatment of MCD-diet fed rats with H2 S had a beneficial modulation on expression profiles of fatty acid metabolism genes in livers. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with H2 S prevented NASH induced by MCD diet in rats possibly through abating oxidative stress and suppressing inflammation.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Colina/complicações , Fígado Gorduroso/etiologia , Fígado Gorduroso/prevenção & controle , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/uso terapêutico , Metionina/deficiência , Animais , Citocromo P-450 CYP2E1/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Fígado Gorduroso/complicações , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Inflamação/complicações , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Mitocôndrias Hepáticas/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
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