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1.
Cardiol Young ; : 1-5, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34776029

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the effects of eye masks on the sleep quality and pain of school-age children with CHD after surgery. METHODS: Forty school-age children with CHD who underwent open-heart surgery in the Cardiac Surgery Department of a provincial hospital in China from January 2020 to December 2020 were selected. The children were randomly divided into the experimental group (n = 20) and the control group (n = 20). Children in the control group were given routine sleep care, and the children in the experimental group were given a sleep intervention with eye masks for three nights following the removal of tracheal intubation. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was used to evaluate the sleep quality of the children. The Children's Pain Behaviour Scale was used to evaluate the pain of the children. RESULTS: After three nights of receiving the eye masks intervention, the sleep quality scores of the children in the experimental group were significantly lower than those of the control group, the difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05) and the sleep quality of the children in the experimental group was higher. The pain scores of the children in the experimental group were significantly lower than those of the children in the control group, the difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05), and the children in the experimental group suffered less post-operative pain. CONCLUSION: Eye masks are a simple, safe and economical intervention, that is beneficial for improving the post-operative sleep quality and relieving post-operative pain in school-age children with congenital heart disease.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085341

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to investigate the impact of WeChat follow-up education on infants' breastfeeding efficiency after congenital cardiac surgery and parents' satisfaction. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in a provincial hospital in China. Sixty participants were divided into two groups: 30 participants in the study group received WeChat follow-up health education, and 30 participants in the control group received postoperative routine nursing education for infants after congenital cardiac surgery. The infants' breastfeeding efficiency, parents' satisfaction and relevant clinical data were recorded and analysed. RESULTS: After the WeChat follow-up intervention, the breastfeeding efficacy score, the parents' satisfaction score and the exclusive breastfeeding rate in the study group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of feeding intolerance, abdominal distension, dyspeptic diarrhoea, weight gain or recurrent vomiting between the two groups during the 3-month follow-up period. CONCLUSION: WeChat education can improve infants' breastfeeding efficiency after congenital cardiac surgery and can improve parents' satisfaction and exclusive breastfeeding rate during the short-term follow-up period.

3.
Breastfeed Med ; 16(7): 568-572, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33156688

RESUMO

Background: This study aimed to explore the effect of breast milk and sodium bicarbonate solution used in oral care of infants with tracheal intubation after cardiothoracic surgery. Methods: A randomized clinical controlled trial was conducted in a provincial hospital in China. Fifty infantile patients were randomly divided into two groups: the patients in the study group (n = 25) used breast milk for oral care and the patients in the control group (n = 25) used sodium bicarbonate solution for oral care. The relevant clinical data were recorded, including the mechanical ventilation duration, length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, length of hospital stay, and complications. Results: The length of ICU stay, length of hospital stay, and duration of mechanical ventilation were shorter in the study group, but the difference was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). However, the incidence of thrush and ventilator-associated pulmonary infection in the study group was significantly lower than that in the control group (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The use of breast milk for oral care has a positive effect on the prevention of thrush and ventilator-associated pulmonary infection in infants with tracheal intubation after cardiothoracic surgery.


Assuntos
Leite Humano , Bicarbonato de Sódio , Aleitamento Materno , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Intubação Intratraqueal/efeitos adversos , Tempo de Internação , Respiração Artificial
4.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 15(1): 81, 2020 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393300

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of music therapy on pain, anxiety and depression in patients after coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: A retrospective study of 99 patients after coronary artery bypass from January 2017 to January 2019 was conducted in a cardiac center in China. According to the different interventions, all the participants were divided into 3 groups: group A: music therapy; group B: rest without music therapy; and group C: conventional treatment. The Numerical Rating Scale (NRS), Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) were used to measure the patient's pain, anxiety and depression before and after 30 min of the intervention. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the NRS, SDS and SAS scores between the three groups of patients before the intervention. After 30 min of music therapy, the NRS, SDS and SAS scores of patients in group A were significantly lower than those before music therapy, and the differences were statistically significant. However, before and after the intervention in groups B and C, the NRS, SDS and SAS scores were not statistically significant. By comparison among the three groups after 30 min of intervention, the NRS, SDS and SAS scores in patients in group A were significantly lower than those in groups B and C, and the differences were statistically significant. The scores were not significantly different between groups B and C. CONCLUSION: Music therapy can effectively alleviate the pain, anxiety and depression of patients after coronary artery bypass grafting.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Musicoterapia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Idoso , China , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes Psicológicos , Estudos Retrospectivos
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