Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 400
Filtrar
1.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 67(2): 161-165, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34817322

RESUMO

Forkhead box (FOX) transcription factors regulate the development of several human cancers. However, the role and therapeutic potential of FOXA1 in gastric cancer is still largely unexplored. The results showed a significant (P < 0.05) upregulation of FOXA1 in gastric cancer tissues and cell lines. Silencing of FOXA1 in gastric cells significantly (P < 0.05) decreased their viability through induction of apoptosis. The induction of apoptosis was associated with upregulation of Bax and downregulation of Bcl-2. Additionally, FOXA1 silencing caused activation of caspase-3 and 9 with no apparent effects on the expression of caspase-8 suggestive of intrinsic apoptosis. The transwell cell invasion revealed significant (P < 0.05) decline of cell invasion of gastric cancer cells upon FOXA1 silencing. The FOXA1 knockdown further inhibited the in vivo tumor growth suggestive of its therapeutic potential. Taken together, the findings of the present revealed that FOXA1 regulates the proliferation and development of gastric cancer and may exhibit therapeutic implications in gastric cancer treatment.

2.
Front Psychol ; 12: 693545, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34759856

RESUMO

This study demonstrated that implementation of the Proteus effect via manipulation of avatar age in VR is effective among elderly individuals in the context of exercise. One hundred and four elderly adults aged 60 years and older who did not engage in vigorous physical activities participated in this experiment with a 2 (avatar age: young vs. older) × 2 (sex: male vs. female) design. The results showed that the embodiment of younger avatars (age approximately 20 years) in VR leads to greater perceived exercise exertion regardless of sex after controlling for age and emotion. Older adults with young avatars perceived a greater contribution of efforts to exercise. This study also found that among those who did not engage in vigorous exercise, female older adults who embodied young avatars reported greater self-efficacy for future exercise and greater physical activity during the exercise phase than those who embodied older avatars. This study suggests that females are more likely to be motivated to continue exercising through young avatar embodiment. In contrast, female elderly who embodied old avatars reported significant fewer physical activity than male elderly who embodied old avatars. This indicated that the Proteus effect had stronger effects among females than among older males. Although we found the Proteus effect through VR avatar manipulation, the effect was temporary and limited to the experimental phase. This study is the first to examine the Proteus effect among elderly individuals in the context of exercise. It also contributes to the literature by indicating that avatar age manipulation is an effective means of promoting exercise among elderly individuals and helping them achieve exercise outcomes. This study further demonstrates that female elderly individuals respond to young avatars differently than male elderly individuals, with female elderly individuals showing more positive effects of young avatar embodiment than males. Implications and theoretical contributions are discussed.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34821176

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ferroptosis, a form of programmed cell death, is mediated primarily by lipid peroxidation via a unique iron-dependent process. The mechanisms of ferroptosis involve the metabolisms of amino acids, irons, and lipids, and the regulation of antioxidant systems. Evidence supports the roles of ferroptosis in cancer, while metabolic reprogramming (a hallmark of cancer) renders tumor cells highly vulnerable to ferroptosis and thus provides a rationale for ferroptosis-targeted therapy for cancer. AREA COVERED: This article examines the current understanding of the mechanisms and related signaling pathways involving ferroptosis; it focuses on novel targets in cancer and its treatment and drug resistance. The development of ferroptosis-targeted therapy, especially in combination with conventional or non-conventional therapies, are considered with dilemmas and key questions in this research area. EXPERT OPINION: An increasing number of potential targets and ferroptosis inducers (FINs) have been identified to treat cancer. However, no specific FIN has entered clinical trials thus far, likely due to poor efficacy and high toxicity in vivo. Thus, new FINs with high selectivity and bioavailability are required to target tumor cells more specifically and potently. Particularly, the combination of FINs with chemotherapy, radiotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy warrants clinical investigation in the future.

4.
Cancer Invest ; : 1-51, 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34825855

RESUMO

PurposeThe efficacy of programmed cell death protein 1(PD-1)/Programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors for endometrial cancer remain controversial, and guidelines are unconsistent on which are preferred theropies for advanced disease, or who develop metastases and recurrence. Therefore we aimed to estimate the efficacy and safety of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors in endometrial cancer on a more complete database by adding multiple randomized trials. Methods:A systematic and comprehensive search was carried out in PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors monotherapy. Results: The ORR of PD-1/PDL-1 inhibitors was 29%, and subgroup analysis showed that the pooled ORR of the proficient mismatch repair (pMMR) group was 4% and which was 45% of the deficient mismatch repair (dMMR) group. The DCR of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors was 48%, through subgroup analysis, we found that DCR of the pMMR group was 21% and which was 58% of the dMMR group. The proportion of patients occurring overall adverse events was 65% and grade three or higher adverse events was 14%. The proficient mismatch repair (pMMR) group and the deficient mismatch repair (dMMR) group showed different results. Conclusion: PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors had shown little success in the pMMR population and better efficacy in the dMMR population.

5.
Tree Physiol ; 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730183

RESUMO

Mycorrhizal helper bacteria (MHB) play an important role in mediating mycorrhizal symbiosis, which improves the growth and nutrient uptake of plants. This study examined the growth-promoting effects and mechanisms of pine growth after inoculation with the MHB Bacillus pumilus HR10 and/or Hymenochaete sp. Rl. The effect of B. pumilus HR10 on Hymenochaete sp. Rl growth, enzyme activity and gene expression related to mycorrhiza formation were determined. The growth, root activity, nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) content and chlorophyll fluorescence activity of Pinus thunbergii and the mycorrhizal colonization intensity of Hymenochaete sp. Rl-inoculated pine seedlings after inoculation with B. pumilus HR10 were also evaluated. The results showed that B. pumilus HR10 promoted growth, regulated the expression of mycorrhizal-related genes and affected the ß-1,3-glucanase activity of Hymenochaete sp. Rl. The mycorrhizal colonization intensity of pine seedlings co-inoculated with B. pumilus HR10 and Hymenochaete sp. Rl was 1.58-fold higher than seedlings inoculated with only Hymenochaete sp. Rl. Inoculation with B. pumilus HR10 and/or Hymenochaete sp. Rl increased lateral root number and root activity of pine seedlings and chlorophyll fluorescence activity of pine needles compared to the control. B. pumilus HR10 facilitated nutrient uptake by enhancing the mycorrhizal proliferation of pine and induced greater photosynthesis and root activity of pine seedlings, which confirms its role as an outstanding plant-growth-promoting rhizobacterium. These findings improve our understanding of the mechanism of B. pumilus HR10 promotion of mycorrhizal symbiosis.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; : 150975, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656579

RESUMO

Partial denitrification combined with Anammox is a promising approach for simultaneous removal of ammonium and nitrate from wastewaters. In this study, the start-up, influencing factors and stable operation of partial denitrification for treating biological effluent from landfill leachate were investigated. High nitrate loads (3.85 kg N m-3 d-1) and short hydraulic retention time (0.66 h) were obtained in the partial denitrification process, yielding a suitable ratio of NO2--N/NH4+-N in the effluent for downstream Anammox process. The study also revealed the importance of carbon sources, COD/NO3--N ratio and salinity in the partial denitrification. Acetate-type carbon source, COD/NO3--N ratio of about 3.0 and salinity lower than 1% favored high-efficient partial denitrification. The endogenous carbon sources from high-rate partial denitrification sludge contributed to low COD consumption in the process. During the partial denitrification, the dominant genus of Thauera was enriched, and shifted to Pseudomonas with the increase of organic removal rates.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34714627

RESUMO

Heterostructures show great potential in energy storage due to their multipurpose structures and function. Recently, two-dimensional (2D) graphene has been widely regarded as an excellent substrate for active materials due to its large specific surface area and superior electrical conductivity. However, it is prone to self-aggregation during charging and discharging, which limits its electrochemical performance. To address the graphene agglomeration problem, we interspersed polypyrrole carbon nanotubes between the graphene cavities and designed three-dimensional (3D)-heterostructures of ZnMn2O4@rGO-polypyrrole carbon nanotubes (ZMO@G-PNTs), which demonstrated a high rate and cyclic stability in lithium-ion capacitors (LICs). Furthermore, the 3D porous structure provided more surface capacity contribution than 2D graphene, ultimately resulting in a better stability (333 mAh g-1 after 1000 cycles at 1 A g-1) and high rate capacity (208 mAh g-1 at 5 A g-1). Also, the mechanism of performance difference between ZMO@G-PNTs and ZMO@G was investigated in detail. Moreover, LICs built from ZMO@G-PNTs as an anode and activated carbon as a cathode showed an energy density of 149.3 Wh kg-1 and a power density of 15 kW kg-1 and cycling stability with a capacity retention of 61.5% after 9000 cycles.

8.
Front Psychol ; 12: 693543, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34690859

RESUMO

This study investigates the Proteus effect from the first-person perspective and during avatar embodiment in actual exercise. In addition to the immediate measurements of the Proteus effect, prolonged effects such as next-day perception and exercise-related outcomes are also explored. We theorized the Proteus effect as altered perceived self-concept and explored the association between virtual reality (VR) avatar manipulation and self-concept in the exercise context. While existing studies have mainly investigated the Proteus effect in a non-VR environment or after VR embodiment, we aim to contribute to the literature by addressing this concern to explore how the Proteus effect works in actual VR exercise. Through a 2 (avatar body shape: with a six pack vs. normal) × 2 (sex: male vs. female) between-subject experiment, the results partially support the Proteus effect. Regarding actual physical activity, embodying an avatar with a six pack during exercise creates fewer body movements. No significant effect was found for perceived exertion. We also explored the role of sex as a potential moderator in the association of the Proteus effect on exercise outcomes. The Proteus effect was supported by immediate and next-day self-efficacy for core-muscle exercise only among female participants. The between-subject design allowed us to probe how avatar manipulation of muscular body shape with a six pack as opposed to normal body shape influences participants' self-concept and exercise outcomes, as limited VR studies have employed within-subject comparisons. This also contributes to the literature by providing an upward comparison (e.g., muscular with a six pack vs. normal) as opposed to the previous downward comparison regarding body fitness (e.g., normal vs. obese). The overall results supported the Proteus effect in the context of core-muscle exercise when comparing normal and ideal body shape avatars. However, the Proteus effect as an altered self-concept and its effects on self-efficacy for exercise were supported among females but not males. Whereas the female participants who embodied avatars with a six pack associated themselves more with the muscular concept than other people, the male participants who embodied avatars with a six pack perceived themselves as more normal than others. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

9.
Mater Today Bio ; 12: 100139, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34632363

RESUMO

The impaired wound healing in diabetes is a central concern of healthcare worldwide. However, current treatments often fail due to the complexity of diabetic wounds, and thus, emerging therapeutic approaches are needed. Macrophages, a prominent immune cell in the wound, play key roles in tissue repair and regeneration. Recent evidence has demonstrated that macrophages in diabetic wounds maintain a persistent proinflammatory phenotype that causes the failure of healing. Therefore, modulation of macrophages provides great promise for wound healing in diabetic patients. In this study, the potential of paeoniflorin (PF, a chemical compound derived from the herb Paeonia lactiflora) for the transition of macrophages from M1 (proinflammatory phenotype) to M2 (anti-inflammatory/prohealing phenotype) was confirmed using ex vivo and in vivo experimental approaches. A hydrogel based on high molecular weight hyaluronic acid (HA) was developed for local administration of PF in experimental diabetic mice with a full-thickness wound. The resultant formulation (HA-PF) was able to significantly promote cutaneous healing as compared to INTRASITE Gel (a commercial hydrogel wound dressing). This outcome was accompanied by the amelioration of inflammation, the improvement of angiogenesis, and re-epithelialization, and the deposition of collagen. Our study indicates the significant potential of HA-PF for clinical translation in diabetic wound healing.

10.
Front Genet ; 12: 639642, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490029

RESUMO

Background: Prostate cancer (PCa) is an immune-responsive disease. The current study sought to explore a robust immune-related prognostic gene signature for PCa. Methods: Data were retrieved from the tumor Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and GSE46602 database for performing the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) cox regression model analysis. Immune related genes (IRGs) data were retrieved from ImmPort database. Results: The weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) showed that nine functional modules are correlated with the biochemical recurrence of PCa, including 259 IRGs. Univariate regression analysis and survival analysis identified 35 IRGs correlated with the prognosis of PCa. LASSO Cox regression model analysis was used to construct a risk prognosis model comprising 18 IRGs. Multivariate regression analysis showed that risk score was an independent predictor of the prognosis of PCa. A nomogram comprising a combination of this model and other clinical features showed good prediction accuracy in predicting the prognosis of PCa. Further analysis showed that different risk groups harbored different gene mutations, differential transcriptome expression and different immune infiltration levels. Patients in the high-risk group exhibited more gene mutations compared with those in the low-risk group. Patients in the high-risk groups showed high-frequency mutations in TP53. Immune infiltration analysis showed that M2 macrophages were significantly enriched in the high-risk group implying that it affected prognosis of PCa patients. In addition, immunostimulatory genes were differentially expressed in the high-risk group compared with the low-risk group. BIRC5, as an immune-related gene in the prediction model, was up-regulated in 87.5% of prostate cancer tissues. Knockdown of BIRC5 can inhibit cell proliferation and migration. Conclusion: In summary, a risk prognosis model based on IGRs was developed. A nomogram comprising a combination of this model and other clinical features showed good accuracy in predicting the prognosis of PCa. This model provides a basis for personalized treatment of PCa and can help clinicians in making effective treatment decisions.

11.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0257599, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34543327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory disease with an increasing incidence in the world. Qingre-Chushi therapies (QC) can alleviate clinical symptoms. Therefore, a network meta-analysis was conducted to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of QC in the treatment of active UC patients. METHODS: 7 databases were screened and relevant randomized controlled trials were selected. The tools of Cochrane Handbook and the GRADE system were conducted to assess the quality of outcomes. Pooled risk ratio or standard mean difference was calculated with 95% credible interval for outcomes measurement using the random-effects model. The surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) was performed to rank the treatments. The larger SUCRA scores, the more effective interventions. RESULTS: A total of 3560 articles were identified and 21 studies including 1829 participants were included for further analysis. Totally, 9 therapies regimens were compared: oral mesalazine, mesalazine enema, mesalazine suppository, oral mesalazine + mesalazine enema, oral QC, oral QC + oral mesalazine, QC enema, oral QC + QC enema, and oral mesalazine + QC enema. Based on the SUCRA plot, oral QC + oral mesalazine was the best treatment in inducing clinical response; oral QC + QC enema had the best efficacy in the improvement of Mayo scores and alleviating abdominal pain; oral mesalazine + mesalazine enema was the optimal therapy in the endoscopic improvement and reducing diarrhea; QC enema + oral mesalazine was the best option in preventing bloody stool. CONCLUSION: This study confirmed the efficacy and safety of QC in treating active UC and suggested that the combination of oral medications with topical can achieve more benefits.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Administração Oral , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Bases de Dados Factuais , Diarreia/etiologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Mesalamina/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 19(1): 275, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503490

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Skin injury and the resultant defects are common clinical problems, and usually lead to chronic skin ulcers and even life-threatening diseases. Copper, an essential trace element of human body, has been reported to promote the regeneration of skin by stimulating proliferation of endothelial cell and enhance angiogenesis. RESULTS: Herein, we have prepared a new donut-like metal-organic frameworks (MOF) of copper-nicotinic acid (CuNA) by a simple solvothermal reaction. The rough surface of CuNA is beneficial for loading/release basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). The CuNAs with/without bFGF are easily processed into a light-responsive composite hydrogel with GelMA, which not only show excellent mechanical properties, but also display superior biocompatibility, antibacterial ability and bioactivity. Moreover, in the in vivo full-thickness defect model of skin wound, the resultant CuNA-bFGF@GelMA hydrogels significantly accelerate the wound healing, by simultaneously inhibiting the inflammatory response, promoting the new blood vessels formation and the deposition of collagen and elastic fibers. CONCLUSIONS: Considering the superior biocompatibility, antibacterial ability and bioactivity, the CuNA and its composite light-responsive hydrogel system will be promising in the applications of skin and even other tissue regeneration.

13.
Blood Rev ; : 100872, 2021 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384602

RESUMO

Dysregulation of DNA methylation in B cells has been observed during their neoplastic transformation and therefore closely associated with various B-cell malignancies including multiple myeloma (MM), a malignancy of terminally differentiated plasma cells. Emerging evidence has unveiled pronounced alterations in DNA methylation in MM, including both global and gene-specific changes that can affect genome stability and gene transcription. Moreover, dysregulated expression of DNA methylation-modifying enzymes has been related with myelomagenesis, disease progression, and poor prognosis. However, the functional roles of the epigenetic abnormalities involving DNA methylation in MM remain elusive. In this article, we review current understanding of the alterations in DNA methylome and DNA methylation modifiers in MM, particularly focusing on DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) and tet methylcytosine dioxygenases (TETs). We also discuss how these DNA methylation modifiers may be regulated and function in MM cells, therefore providing a rationale for developing novel epigenetic therapies targeting DNA methylation in MM.

14.
Blood Adv ; 5(19): 3776-3788, 2021 10 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34464977

RESUMO

Interactions between the inhibitor of apoptosis protein antagonist LCL161 and the histone deacetylase inhibitor panobinostat (LBH589) were examined in human multiple myeloma (MM) cells. LCL161 and panobinostat interacted synergistically to induce apoptosis in diverse MM cell lines, including those resistant to bortezomib (PS-R). Similar interactions were observed with other histone deacetylase inhibitors (MS-275) or inhibitors of apoptosis protein antagonists (birinapant). These events were associated with downregulation of the noncanonical (but not the canonical) NF-κB pathway and activation of the extrinsic, caspase-8-related apoptotic cascade. Coexposure of MM cells to LCL161/LBH589 induced TRAF3 upregulation and led to TRAF2 and NIK downregulation, diminished expression of BCL-XL, and induction of γH2A.X. Ectopic expression of TRAF2, NIK, or BCL-XL, or short hairpin RNA TRAF3 knock-down, significantly reduced LCL161/LBH589 lethality, as did ectopic expression of dominant-negative FADD. Stromal/microenvironmental factors failed to diminish LCL161/LBH589-induced cell death. The LCL161/LBH589 regimen significantly increased cell killing in primary CD138+ cells (N = 31) and was particularly effective in diminishing the primitive progenitor cell-enriched CD138-/19+/20+/27+ population (N = 23) but was nontoxic to normal CD34+ cells. Finally, combined LCL161/LBH589 treatment significantly increased survival compared with single-agent treatment in an immunocompetent 5TGM1 murine MM model. Together, these findings argue that LCL161 interacts synergistically with LBH589 in MM cells through a process involving inactivation of the noncanonical NF-κB pathway and activation of the extrinsic apoptotic pathway, upregulation of TRAF3, and downregulation of TRAF2/BCL-XL. Notably, this regimen overcomes various forms of resistance, is active against primary MM cells, and displays significant in vivo activity. This strategy warrants further consideration in MM.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases , Mieloma Múltiplo , Animais , Caspase 8/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/farmacologia , Humanos , Camundongos , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , NF-kappa B
15.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0255665, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358263

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Plenty of clinical studies have suggested the value of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) for patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), but their efficacy and safety have not been systematically concluded yet. This article aimed to compare and rank the therapeutic effect and safety of CHM with routine pharmacotherapies and placebo in the treatment of IBS. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials regarding CHM to treat IBS were searched in six databases from inception to Jan 31, 2020. A network meta-analysis was conducted to analyze the data of included publications. The quality assessment was assessed by Cochrane Handbook and GRADEpro software. The risk ratio was calculated for dichotomous outcomes while the standardized mean difference was used for continuous variables with 95% credible intervals. A Funnel plot was performed to evaluate publication bias. The surface under the cumulative ranking curve was conducted to rank the included interventions. Data were analyzed with STATA 15.0 and Review Manager 5.3. RESULT: 3194 records were searched, and 28 eligible trials involving 3323 patients ere identified. Compared with conventional therapies and placebo, Jianpi-Chushi therapy showed significant improvement in adequate relief and IBS symptom severity scale; Shugan-Jianpi therapy showed the best efficacy in relieving the abdominal pain and abdominal distension; Wenshen-Jianpi therapy had a better effect on avoiding adverse effects and improving stool character. CONCLUSION: This study confirmed that CHM could be beneficial for patients with IBS in relieving their clinical symptoms and should be recommended as alternative therapies. The quality of evidence in this study based on the GRADE system was "low".

16.
J Oncol ; 2021: 5345181, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34354750

RESUMO

Compelling evidence indicates that immune function is correlated with the prognosis of bladder cancer (BC). Here, we aimed to develop a clinically translatable immune-related gene pairs (IRGPs) prognostic signature to estimate the overall survival (OS) of bladder cancer. From the 251 prognostic-related IRGPs, 37 prognostic-related IRGPs were identified using LASSO regression. We identified IRGPs with the potential to be prognostic markers. The established risk scores divided BC patients into high and low risk score groups, and the survival analysis showed that risk score was related to OS in the TCGA-training set (p < 0.001; HR = 7.5 [5.3, 10]). ROC curve analysis showed that the AUC for the 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year follow-up was 0.820, 0.883, and 0.879, respectively. The model was verified in the TCGA-testing set and external dataset GSE13507. Multivariate analysis showed that risk score was an independent prognostic predictor in patients with BC. In addition, significant differences were found in gene mutations, copy number variations, and gene expression levels in patients with BC between the high and low risk score groups. Gene set enrichment analysis showed that, in the high-risk score group, multiple immune-related pathways were inhibited, and multiple mesenchymal phenotype-related pathways were activated. Immune infiltration analysis revealed that immune cells associated with poor prognosis of BC were upregulated in the high-risk score group, whereas immune cells associated with a better prognosis of BC were downregulated in the high-risk score group. Other immunoregulatory genes were also differentially expressed between high and low risk score groups. A 37 IRGPs-based risk score signature is presented in this study. This signature can efficiently classify BC patients into high and low risk score groups. This signature can be exploited to select high-risk BC patients for more targeted treatment.

17.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(7): 789-91, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259413

RESUMO

Professor ZHENG Liang believes that the main pathogenesis of postoperative facial paralysis is related to the retarded circulation of qi and blood and malnutrition of tendons and vessels in local area because of local retention of "stasis" after surgical trauma. In treatment of postoperative facial paralysis with acupotomy, the abnormal facial structure after operation should be considered specially. The region where acupotomy is exerted is determined by taking surgical scar as the center so that the local adhesion can be released and separated. In treatment, the knife needle should be as fine as possible and the attention be paid to the direction of needle insertion and the release amplitude. The frequency of acupotomy should be once per week.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Paralisia Facial , Paralisia Facial/etiologia , Paralisia Facial/terapia , Humanos , Terapias Mente-Corpo , Período Pós-Operatório , Tendões
18.
Br J Cancer ; 125(6): 865-876, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34274945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many molecular alterations are shared by embryonic liver development and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Identifying the common molecular events would provide a novel prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for HCC. METHODS: Expression levels and clinical relevancies of SLC38A4 and HMGCS2 were investigated by qRT-PCR, western blot, TCGA and GEO datasets. The biological roles of SLC38A4 were investigated by functional assays. The downstream signalling pathway of SLC38A4 was investigated by qRT-PCR, western blot, immunofluorescence, luciferase reporter assay, TCGA and GEO datasets. RESULTS: SLC38A4 silencing was identified as an oncofetal molecular event. DNA hypermethylation contributed to the downregulations of Slc38a4/SLC38A4 in the foetal liver and HCC. Low expression of SLC38A4 was associated with poor prognosis of HCC patients. Functional assays demonstrated that SLC38A4 depletion promoted HCC cellular proliferation, stemness and migration, and inhibited HCC cellular apoptosis in vitro, and further repressed HCC tumorigenesis in vivo. HMGCS2 was identified as a critical downstream target of SLC38A4. SLC38A4 increased HMGCS2 expression via upregulating AXIN1 and repressing Wnt/ß-catenin/MYC axis. Functional rescue assays showed that HMGCS2 overexpression reversed the oncogenic roles of SLC38A4 depletion in HCC. CONCLUSIONS: SLC38A4 downregulation was identified as a novel oncofetal event, and SLC38A4 was identified as a novel tumour suppressor in HCC.

19.
Front Oncol ; 11: 701298, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34178700

RESUMO

Bladder cancer is characterized by its frequent recurrence and progression. Effective treatment strategies need to be based on an accurate risk stratification, in which muscle invasiveness and tumor grade represent the two most important factors. Traditional imaging techniques provide preliminary information about muscle invasiveness but are lacking in terms of accuracy. Although as the gold standard, pathological biopsy is only available after the surgery and cannot be performed longitudinally for long-term surveillance. In this work, we developed a microfluidic approach that interrogates circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in the peripheral blood of bladder cancer patients to reflect the risk stratification of the disease. In a cohort of 48 bladder cancer patients comprising 33 non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) cases and 15 muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) cases, the CTC count was found to be considerably higher in the MIBC group compared with the NMIBC group (4.67 vs. 1.88 CTCs/3 mL, P=0.019), and was significantly higher in high-grade bladder cancer patients verses low-grade bladder cancer patients (3.69 vs. 1.18 CTCs/3mL, P=0.024). This microfluidic assay of CTCs is believed to be a promising complementary tool for the risk stratification of bladder cancer.

20.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 141: 111843, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34175821

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the antiviral effect of Salvia plebeia R. Br. polysaccharides (SPP) against RSV and underlying mechanisms. METHODS: SPP was extracted via alcohol-precipitation method and extract was separated into various fractions using ultrafiltration method. The polysaccharide content was determined using UV-Vis. Antiviral effect of SPP and fractions was measured using MTT method and Reed-Muench method. Sixty Balb/c mice were randomly divided into 6 groups, and received either Ribavirin or SPP. Their body weight and food intake were recorded every day throughout the experiment period. The lung index inhibition ratio and pulmonary virus titer were determined followed by the histological analysis of lungs. Furthermore, time-of-addition and effective stage analysis were carried out to determine the mechanism of action. The TLR-3 and TLR-4 levels in the lungs were determined using qRT-PCR. The levels of IFN-γ, IL-2 and TNF-α in serum were determined using ELISA. RESULTS: The SPP content is 4.396%. SPP has shown a good anti-RSV effect both in vitro (TI = 123.041) and in vivo models. The antiviral activity of fractions with molecular weight ≥ 10,000 is found to possess more potent antiviral activity than other fractions. SPP inhibits the RSV proliferation and reduces the lung lesions induced by RSV. The mechanism of action involves the inhibition of TLR-3 and TLR-4 in lungs, up-regulation of IFN-γ and IL-2, and down-regulation of TNF-α in serum. It is also shown to improve the body's immune function. CONCLUSION: SPP has a potential to treat diseases caused by RSV.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...