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1.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 30(5): 392-8, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27086580

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: ß-Thalassemia is one of the most prevalent worldwide autosomal recessive disorders. It presents a great molecular heterogeneity resulting from more than 200 causative mutations in the ß-globin gene. In Tunisia, ß-thalassemia represents the most prevalent monogenic hemoglobin disorder with 2.21% of carriers. Efficient and reliable mutation-screening methods are essential in order to establish appropriate prevention programs for at risk couples. The aim of the present study is to develop an efficient method based on the denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) in which the whole ß-globin gene (HBB) is screened for mutations covering about 90% of the spectrum. METHODS: We have performed the validation of a DHPLC assay for direct genotyping of 11 known ß-thalassemia mutations in the Tunisian population. RESULTS: DHPLC assay was established based on the analysis of 62 archival ß-thalassemia samples previously genotyped then validated with full concordance on 50 tests with blind randomized samples previously genotyped with DNA sequencing and with 96% of consistency on 40 samples as a prospective study. CONCLUSION: Compared to other genotyping techniques, the DHPLC method can meet the requirements of direct genotyping of known ß-thalassemia mutations in Tunisia and to be applied as a powerful tool for the genetic screening of prenatal and postnatal individuals.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Mutação/genética , Globinas beta/genética , Talassemia beta/diagnóstico , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Tunísia/epidemiologia , Talassemia beta/genética
2.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 51(11): 2115-24, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23800659

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Tunisia, thalassemia and sickle cell disease represent the most prevalent monogenic hemoglobin disorders with 2.21% and 1.89% of carriers, respectively. This study aims to evaluate the diagnosis reliability of a series of red blood cell indices and parameters in differentiation of beta-thalassemia trait (ß-TT) from iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and between homozygous sickle cell disease (SS) and sickle cell-thalassemia (ST). METHODS: The study covered 384 patients divided into three groups. The first one is composed of 145 control group, the second consists of 57 ß-TT and 52 IDA subjects and the last one with 88 SS and 42 ST patients. We calculated sensitivity, specificity, positive-predictive values, negative-predictive values, percentage of correctly identified patients and Youden's index for each indice. We also established new cut-off values by receiver operating characteristic curves for each indice. An evaluation study was performed on another population composed of 106 ß-TT, 125 IDA, 31 SS and 17 ST patients. RESULTS: Srivastava Index, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, red blood cell, Mentzer Index (MI) and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration show the highest reliability in discriminating ß-TT from IDA with new cut-offs slightly different from those described in literature. Ehsani Index, mean corpuscular volume, MI, Shine and Lal Index and Sirdah Index are the most powerful in the differentiation between SS and ST. CONCLUSIONS: The effectiveness and the simplicity of calculation of these indices make them acceptable and easy to use for differential diagnosis.


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva/sangue , Anemia Ferropriva/diagnóstico , Anemia Falciforme/sangue , Anemia Falciforme/diagnóstico , Índices de Eritrócitos , Talassemia beta/sangue , Talassemia beta/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Adulto Jovem
3.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 51(8): 1595-603, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23492565

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Tunisia, thalassemia and sickle cell disease (SS) represent the most prevalent monogenic hemoglobin disorders with 2.21% and 1.89% of carriers, respectively. This study aims to evaluate the diagnosis reliability of 12 red blood cell (RBC) indices in differentiation of ß-thalassemia trait (ß-TT) from iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and between homozygous SS and sickle cell thalassemia (ST). METHODS: The study covered 384 patients divided into three groups. The first one is composed of 145 control group, the second consists of 57 ß-TT and 52 IDA subjects and the last one with 88 SS and 42 ST patients. We calculated sensitivity, specificity, positive-predictive values, negative-predictive values, percentage of correctly identified patients and Youden's Index (YI) for each indice. We also established new cut-off values by receiver operating characteristic curves for each indice. An evaluation study was performed on another population composed of 106 ß-TT, 125 IDA, 31 SS, and 17 ST patients. RESULTS: Srivastava Index (SI) shows the highest reliability in discriminating ß-TT from IDA at 5.17 as a cut-off and also SS from ST with 7.7 as another threshold. Mentzer Index (MI) and RBC appear also useful in both groups with new cut-offs slightly different from those described in literature for ß-TT and IDA. CONCLUSIONS: The effectiveness and the simplicity of calculation of these indices make them acceptable and easy to use. They can be relied on for differential diagnosis and even for diagnosis of ß-TT with atypical HbA2 levels.


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva/sangue , Anemia Falciforme/sangue , Índices de Eritrócitos , Talassemia beta/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Diferenciação Celular , Feminino , Ferritinas/sangue , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Curva ROC , Receptores da Transferrina/sangue , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Adulto Jovem , Talassemia beta/genética
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