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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e232434, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153465

RESUMO

Abstract Many pathogenic strains have acquired multidrug-resistant patterns in recent a year, which poses a major public health concern. The growing need for effective antimicrobial agents as novel therapies against multidrug-resistant pathogens has drawn scientist attention toward nanotechnology. Silver nanoparticles are considered capable of killing multidrug-resistant isolates due to their oligo-dynamic effect on microorganisms. In this research study NPs were synthesized using the gram-positive bacteria Lactobacillus bulgaricus and its activity against selected pathogenic strains. Lactobacillus bulgaricus pure cultures were isolated from raw milk and grown in "De Man, Rogasa, and Sharp" broth for synthesis of nanoparticles. Lactobacillus bulgaricus culture was centrifuged and Cell- free supernatant of it was employed with aqueous silvery ions and evaluated their antibacterial activities against bacterial strains i.e. Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Salmonella typhi using agar well diffusion assay. Antibiotic profiling against selected pathogenic strains were also conducted using disc diffusion method. The synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles were monitored primarily by the conversion of the pale-yellow color of the mixture into a dark-brown color and via ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy and Scanning electron microscopy respectively. The result showed that that AgNPs with size (30.65-100 nm) obtained from Lactobacillus bulgaricus were found to exhibit antibacterial activities against selected bacterial strains. Taken together, these findings suggest that Lactobacillus bulgaricus has great potential for the production of AgNPs with antibacterial activities and highly effective in comparison to tested antibiotics.


Resumo Muitas cepas patogênicas adquiriram padrões multirresistentes nos últimos anos, o que representa um grande problema de saúde pública. A crescente necessidade de agentes antimicrobianos eficazes como novas terapias contra patógenos multirresistentes atraiu a atenção dos cientistas para a nanotecnologia. As nanopartículas de prata são consideradas capazes de matar isolados multirresistentes por causa de seu efeito oligodinâmico em microrganismos. Neste estudo de pesquisa, as NPs foram sintetizadas usando a bactéria Gram-positiva Lactobacillus bulgaricus e sua atividade contra cepas patogênicas selecionadas. Culturas puras de Lactobacillus bulgaricus foram isoladas do leite cru e cultivadas em caldo "De Man, Rogasa e Sharp" para síntese de nanopartículas. A cultura de Lactobacillus bulgaricus foi centrifugada, e o sobrenadante livre de células foi empregado com íons prateados aquosos, avaliando-se suas atividades antibacterianas contra cepas bacterianas, isto é, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis e Salmonella typhi usando ensaio de difusão em poço de ágar. O perfil de antibióticos contra cepas patogênicas selecionadas também foi conduzido usando o método de difusão em disco. A síntese e a caracterização das nanopartículas de prata foram monitoradas principalmente pela conversão da cor amarelo-pálida da mistura em uma cor marrom-escura e por espectroscopia de absorção visível e ultravioleta e por microscopia eletrônica de varredura, respectivamente. O resultado mostrou que AgNPs com tamanho de 30,65-100 nm, obtidas de Lactobacillus bulgaricus, exibiram atividades antibacterianas contra cepas bacterianas selecionadas. Tomados em conjunto, esses achados sugerem que o Lactobacillus bulgaricus tem um grande potencial para a produção de AgNPs com atividades antibacterianas e altamente eficazes em comparação aos antibióticos testados.

2.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e232434, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33681895

RESUMO

Many pathogenic strains have acquired multidrug-resistant patterns in recent a year, which poses a major public health concern. The growing need for effective antimicrobial agents as novel therapies against multidrug-resistant pathogens has drawn scientist attention toward nanotechnology. Silver nanoparticles are considered capable of killing multidrug-resistant isolates due to their oligo-dynamic effect on microorganisms. In this research study NPs were synthesized using the gram-positive bacteria Lactobacillus bulgaricus and its activity against selected pathogenic strains. Lactobacillus bulgaricus pure cultures were isolated from raw milk and grown in "De Man, Rogasa, and Sharp" broth for synthesis of nanoparticles. Lactobacillus bulgaricus culture was centrifuged and Cell- free supernatant of it was employed with aqueous silvery ions and evaluated their antibacterial activities against bacterial strains i.e. Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Salmonella typhi using agar well diffusion assay. Antibiotic profiling against selected pathogenic strains were also conducted using disc diffusion method. The synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles were monitored primarily by the conversion of the pale-yellow color of the mixture into a dark-brown color and via ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy and Scanning electron microscopy respectively. The result showed that that AgNPs with size (30.65-100 nm) obtained from Lactobacillus bulgaricus were found to exhibit antibacterial activities against selected bacterial strains. Taken together, these findings suggest that Lactobacillus bulgaricus has great potential for the production of AgNPs with antibacterial activities and highly effective in comparison to tested antibiotics.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Lactobacillus delbrueckii , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Prata/farmacologia
3.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(9): 1542-1549, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076615

RESUMO

Cohort study is one of the basic methods used in epidemiological research. With the development of the etiological analysis of complex diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, large natural population-based cohort study has become a popular topic in medical research. In the process of cohort development, one of the important issues is to ensure the efficiency and safety on data collection. As a database management system, with open source, free clinical research data collection and high quality, REDCap can widely be applied in large population-based cohort studies. This article summarizes the baseline survey and follow-up procedures on cohort studies and introduces a REDCap-system-based solution for data collection and management. Contents on the establishment of data working groups, data collection, cohort follow-up methods and field application are also discussed in this paper, in order to improve the efficiency of data collection and management in cohort study to help the development of cohort study in China.


Assuntos
Estudos de Coortes , Coleta de Dados , China/epidemiologia , Coleta de Dados/métodos , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa
4.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(8): 1359-1364, 2020 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867450

RESUMO

Objectives: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and levels of vitamin B(12) and folate as well as their relationship in women awaiting delivery, in Shaanxi province. Methods: Data were collected from healthy pregnant women who gave birth at six top hospitals in Shaanxi, from January 2014 to December 2016. Blood samples were taken prenatally to determine the levels of vitamin B(12) and folate. Quantile regression model was used to analyze the relationship between the levels of vitamin B(12) and folates in women awaiting delivery. Results: A total of 1 277 women awaiting delivery were included in this study. Among them, the median level of serum vitamin B(12) was 164.7 pg/ml, in women at late pregnancy, with the deficiency rate as 69.6%, while the median level of serum folate was 7.6 ng/ml, with the deficiency rate as 12.1%. 58.4% of these women presented simple vitamin B(12) deficiency and 0.9% with simple folate deficiency. Women living in rural areas showed lower levels of both vitamin B(12) and folate than the women from the urban areas. Both the levels of vitamin B(12) and folate increased with age but were significantly lower in women under the age of 25. Among those with or without folate deficiency, the average difference in the levels of vitamin B(12) was 37.62 pg/ml. Quantile regression models showed that the vitamin B(12) levels in women with folate deficiency were significantly lower than those without, despite the different levels of vitamin B(12). This difference appeared increasing along with the increase of the vitamin B(12) levels. Conclusions: Our data showed that both vitamin B(12) and folate were deficient in women awaiting delivery, in Shaanxi. We suggest that vitamin B(12) should also be added into the folic acid supplementation program, together with the reinforcement on health education program to improve the awareness of nutrient supplementation in rural and young women. Hopefully, these strategies could increase the levels of both vitamin B(12) and folate, in the province.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Ácido Fólico/epidemiologia , Ácido Fólico/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina B 12/epidemiologia , Vitamina B 12/sangue , China/epidemiologia , Parto Obstétrico , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
5.
Clin Radiol ; 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993881

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the clinical value of virtual unenhanced (VNC) spectral computed tomography (CT) images to replace the conventional true unenhanced spectral CT images (TNC) in diagnosing renal carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-six cases of renal carcinoma confirmed by histopathology underwent conventional plain CT and contrast-enhanced spectral CT at arterial phase (AP) and venous phase (VP). VNC images were generated on an AW4.6 workstation. The CT attenuation, image noise, contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), and signal-noise-ratio (SNR) of the renal lesions and normal kidneys, long and short axis diameters of the lesion were measured from the three image sets and analysed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Two radiologists evaluated image quality subjectively using a five-point score, and lesion signature using a three-point score. Image quality scores were compared statistically and tested for consistency. RESULTS: The two reviewers had good agreement for subjective evaluation (Kappa>0.70) and there was no difference in the quality of the scores among the three image groups. The lesion signature scores were all above the acceptable level. The CNR and SNR values in VNC were significantly higher than in TNC (p<0.05). VNC images had lower renal noise than in TNC (p<0.05). There was no difference in the long and short axis diameters of the lesion among the three image groups. VNC had higher CT attenuation values for the lesion and kidney than TNC (p<0.05), but the differences were <5 HU. CONCLUSION: VNC images in spectral CT may be used to replace the conventional plain CT to reduce imaging duration and radiation dose in diagnosing renal carcinoma.

6.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(6): 884-889, 2020 Jun 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32564554

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the association between maternal passive smoking during perinatal period and congenital heart disease (CHD) in their offspring. Methods: A case-control study was designed. Data being used was based on a case-control study of congenital heart disease collected in Shaanxi province from January 2014 to December 2016. Cases under this study were perinatal infants diagnosed as CHD from 28 weeks of gestation to 7 days after birth, and fetus less than 28 weeks of gestation but diagnosed as CHD by ultrasonography. The controls would include newborn infants without any birth defects, born at the same period of the cases. Logistic regression model with confounding factors adjusted was established to analyze the association between maternal passive smoking status during perinatal period and CHD in their offspring. Subgroup analysis was carried out to explore its stability. Results: A total of 2 259 subjects, consisting 695 cases and 1 564 controls were included in this study. Passive smokers accounted for 26.76% in the case group while only 6.01% in the control group. After adjusting for related confounding factors, the risk of CHD in the offspring of passive smokers was 3.32 times higher than that of the non-passive smokers (OR=3.32, 95%CI: 2.41-4.56), during the perinatal period. Results also showed that related risk accumulated with the increase of exposure frequency to passive smoking. For mothers who smoked passively for 1-3 days per week, the risk of CHD in their offspring was 2.75 times higher than that of those non-passive smokers (OR=2.75, 95%CI: 1.62-4.66). For mothers who smoked passively for more than 3 days per week, the risk was 3.62 times higher than the non-passive smokers (OR=3.62, 95%CI: 2.48-5.29). Data from the subgroup analysis showed that the association between maternal passive smoking during perinatal period and CHD in their offspring appeared stable. Conclusions: Maternal passive smoking during perinatal period seemed a risk factor for congenital heart disease related to their offspring. Pregnant women should avoid exposure to second-hand smoke as much as possible, so as to prevent the harm from passive smoking.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas/epidemiologia , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia , Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
7.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(5): 401-407, 2020 May 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32450657

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the impact and related mechanisms of glucose fluctuations on aortic fibrosis in rats with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Methods: After injection of streptozotocin (STZ), male Sprague Dawley (SD) (8-12 weeks) rats (n=24) were randomly divided into three groups in accordance with the random number table: controlled STZ-induced diabetes (C-STZ) group (n=8); uncontrolled STZ-induced diabetes (U-STZ) group (n=8); STZ-induced diabetes with glucose fluctuations (STZ-GF) group (n=8). After three weeks, rats were sacrificed and aorta was obtained, aortic fibrosis was detected by Masson trichrome staining. The expression of collagen type 1 (collagen Ⅰ) was tested by immunofluorescence. The expression of runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) was tested by immunohistochemistry. The mRNA levels of collagen Ⅰ and Runx2 were detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). The protein expressions of collagen Ⅰ, Runx2 and nuclear factor (NF)-κB were determined by Western blot. Primary rat aortic smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) were cultured in three conditions: normal glucose (NG), high glucose (HG) and glucose fluctuations (GF). Cells in GF group were incubated for 72 hours with glucose alternating between 5.5 and 25 mmol/L every 12 hours. TPCA-1, the inhibitor of NF-κB, the expression of collagenⅠin different groups of cells was tested by immunofluorescence. The protein expressions of collagen Ⅰ, Runx2 and NF-κB were also determined by Western blot. Results: (1) The quantitative ratios of the area of fibrosis in the C-STZ group, U-STZ group, STZ-GF group were (8.42±0.10)%, (21.30±0.74)% and (44.39±1.09)% (P<0.05), respectively. The means of integral optical density (IOD) of collagenⅠ in the three groups were 11.92±0.88, 50.04±3.56 and 77.52±2.69, respectively (P<0.05). The mRNA levels of collagenⅠ in the three groups were 1.00±0.10, 2.02±0.28 and 2.83±0.33, respectively (P<0.05). The protein expressions of collagenⅠ in the three groups were 1.05±0.03, 2.06±0.32 and 4.93±0.25, respectively (P<0.05). (2) The average IOD of Runx2 in the three groups were 150.00±7.35, 204.84±2.32 and 391.48±7.13, respectively (P<0.05). The mRNA levels of Runx2 in the three groups were 1.02±0.02, 1.27±0.04 and 2.18±0.12, respectively (P<0.05). The protein expressions of Runx2 in the three groups were 1.03±0.01, 2.34±0.36 and 4.52±0.75, respectively (P<0.05). (3) The protein expressions of NF-κB in the three groups were 1.02±0.01, 1.96±0.13 and 2.64±0.21, respectively (P<0.05). (4) In vitro, application of inhibitor of NF-κB reversed glucose fluctuations-induced upregulation of protein levels of Col Ⅰ and Runx2 (P<0.05). Conclusion: Glucose fluctuations could aggravate aortic fibrosis through activating Runx2 via NF-κB signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Animais , Aorta , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Fibrose , Glucose , Masculino , NF-kappa B , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
8.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(2): 129-132, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074697

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the association between the frequency of prenatal care in childbearing aged women and risk of small for gestational age (SGA) among neonatal twins in Shaanxi Province. Methods: From July to December 2013, a total of 30 027 childbearing aged women, who were pregnant from January 2010 to November 2013 and had definite outcomes, were selected from 30 districts (counties) of Shaanxi Province by using the multi-stage random sampling method. The questionnaires with a face-to-face survey method were used to retrospectively collect demographic information, pregnancy history, lifestyle during pregnancy, disease history, nutritional supplements, and health care during pregnancy. Information on the gestational age and birth weight of the newborn were obtained by consulting the medical certificate of birth and were registered as twin A and twin B by birth order. Finally, 356 childbearing aged women and their twin babies with complete data were included in the analysis. A generalized estimation equation model was used to analyze the association between the frequency of prenatal care and the risk of SGA among neonatal twins. Results: The age of childbearing aged women was (27.44±4.68) years old, of which 79.49% (283 women) were rural residents and 44.38% (158 women) had seven or more times prenatal care. The gestational age and birth weight were (37.64±2.51) weeks and (2 510±497) g, respectively. The prevalence of SGA was 51.40% (183/356) for twin A and 53.37% (190/356) for twin B, respectively. The prevalence of SGA was 44.30% (70/158) for twin A with seven or more times prenatal care and 42.41% (67/158) for twin B with seven or more times prenatal care, which was lower than that for twins with less than seven times prenatal care, respectively [57.07% (113/198) and 62.12% (123/198)] (P values were 0.017 and <0.001). The results of generalized estimation equation model suggested that compared to those with less than seven times prenatal care, after adjusting for parity, birth order, place of residence, maternal age, occupation, education, family wealth index, passive smoking, pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome, folic acid, and iron supplement during perinatal period, and gender of the newborn, the OR (95%CI) of risk of SGA among childbearing aged women with seven or more times prenatal care was 0.60 (0.40-0.91). Conclusion: Seven or more times prenatal care could reduce the risk of SGA among neonatal twins in Shanxi Province.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido Pequeno para a Idade Gestacional , Cuidado Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Gêmeos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Adulto Jovem
9.
Nanotechnology ; 31(9): 095502, 2020 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675732

RESUMO

Flexible photodetector shows great potential applications in intelligent wearable devices, health monitoring, and biological sensing. In this work, single crystal ß-tellurium nanowires were grown on flexible muscovite by molecular beam epitaxy, constructing high-density ordered nanomesh structure. The prepared photodetectors based on tellurium nanomesh exhibit excellent mechanical flexibility, fast response in a broad range from ultraviolet to near-infrared, and good photosensitivity. We found that the flexible photodetectors with Shottky contact drastically suppressed dark current, while the response speed was lowered in comparison to the devices with ohmic contact, as holes would take a long time to tunnel through the Shottky barrier between metal and p-type Te. Moreover, the photoresponse of flexible Shottky photodetectors can be modulated by piezoelectricity of tellurium, and pronounced photocurrent increase after bending many times. Under external stress, polarization charges could tune Shottky barrier height of the metal/tellurium, resulting in variation of photocurrent. This research not only explores the broadband photoresponse and piezoelectric effect of tellurium nanomesh, but also promotes the integration and development of broadband flexible optoelectronic devices.

10.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(9): 1130-1133, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594159

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationship between maternal disease in early pregnancy of women of childbearing age and congenital heart disease of neonates. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used in this study and stratified multistage random sampling method was used. A questionnaire survey was conducted in the childbearing-aged women during 2010-2013 in Shaanxi province. Propensity score (PS) matched (1∶1) analysis was used to match participants with diseases to those without disease in early pregnancy. Through the control of the confounders step by step, a logistic regression model was established to evaluate the ORs of congenital heart disease according to the independent variable of maternal disease. Results: A total of 28 680 pairs of mothers and infants were included in this study, the proportion of the women with disease in early pregnancy was 20.25% (5 807). After PS matching, 5 436 pairs were matched. After adjusting all confounding factors, the multivariable logistic regression analysis results showed that maternal disease (OR=1.86, 95%CI: 1.23-2.81), especially cold (OR=2.19, 95%CI: 1.46-3.28), gynecological disease (OR=4.74, 95%CI: 2.03-11.09) and diabetes (OR=14.00, 95%CI: 1.64-119.21), in early pregnancy were the risk factors for congenital heart disease of neonate. Conclusion: In women of childbearing age, disease in early pregnancy, especially cold, gynecological disease and diabetes, can increase the risk of congenital heart disease in neonates.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Mães , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Cardiopatias/congênito , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(8): 829-834, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378044

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the types of dietary patterns of women during pregnancy in Shaanxi and their association with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Methods: Data were derived from a cross-sectional program named "The prevalence and risk factors of birth defects in Shaanxi Province" from July to November in 2013. A multi-stage stratified random sampling method was used to extract 15 980 women of childbearing age who met the inclusion exclusion criteria from Shaanxi Province. The questionnaire obtained information such as the pregnancy outcome and the food intake of the study subjects during pregnancy. The dietary pattern was extracted by factor analysis, and the each dietary pattern of subjects were divided into T(1)-T(3) groups according to the factor score. The effects of each dietary pattern on major adverse pregnancy outcomes were estimated by unconditional logistic regression model. Results: Four dietary patterns were established:vegetarian pattern, balanced pattern, traditional pattern, and processing pattern. The multivariate logistic regression model results showed that compared with the vegetarian pattern T(2) group, the T(1) group had lower risk of low birth weight (OR=0.56, 95%CI: 0.41-0.83), and the T(3) group had higher risk of low birth weight in offspring (OR=2.32, 95%CI: 1.59-3.89); compared with the traditional pattern T(2) group, the T(3) group had higher risk of premature (OR=2.62, 95%CI: 1.58-5.01); compared with the balanced pattern T(2) group, the T(3) group had a lower risk of spontaneous abortion (OR=0.73, 95%CI: 0.36-0.89); compared with the processing pattern T(2) group, the T(3) group had a higher risk of spontaneous abortion (OR=1.97, 95%CI: 1.36-3.34) and higher risk of stillbirth (OR=2.96, 95%CI: 1.49-6.26), and the T(1) group had a lower risk of stillbirths in offspring (OR=0.52, 95%CI: 0.33-0.83). Conclusion: The women of childbearing age in Shaanxi have different dietary patterns, and there may be a correlation between dietary patterns and adverse pregnancy outcomes.


Assuntos
Dieta/efeitos adversos , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Materna , Resultado da Gravidez , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Natimorto/epidemiologia
12.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 47(8): 640-646, 2019 Aug 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434436

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the impact of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) on function and expression of store-operated calcium channels (SOCC) in coronary artery smooth muscle cells (SMC) derived from diabetic rat. Methods: A total of 180 healthy male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into normal group (N, n=45), placebo-treated diabetic group (D, n=45), lose dose n-3 PUFA treated diabetic group (DL, n=45) and high dose n-3 PUFAs treated diabetic group (DH, n=45). Streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat animal model was established by two consecutive intraperitoneal injections. After modeling, rats in group DL and DH were treated with 10 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1) and 50 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1) n-3 PUFAs respectively per gavage for eight weeks. After eight weeks, rat coronary artery SMC was isolated by enzyme digestion. Changes of cytosolic calcium concentration in coronary artery SMC were examined by calcium fluorescence imaging technique, coronary artery tension was detected by myograph system, and protein expressions of SOCC on coronary artery SMC were measured by Western blot. Results: SOCC induced ΔF340/F380 of group N, D, DL and DH were 0.425±0.023, 0.838±0.037, 0.342±0.052 and 0.364±0.045 respectively, which was significantly lower in group N, DL, DH than in group D (P<0.05). SOCC induced changes of tensions were 0.94±0.09, 1.95±0.18, 1.35±0.24 and 1.01±0.18 in the group N, D, DL and DH, respectively, which was significantly lower in group N and DH than in group D (P<0.05). Protein expressions of STIM1, Orai1 and TRPC1 were significantly higher in diabetic rat coronary SMC than in group N (P<0.05). STIM1 protein expressions were significantly lower in group DL and DH than in group D, and Orai1 and TRPC1 protein expressions were similar among group. Conclusions: Coronary artery tension, cytosolic calcium concentration and protein expressions of SOCC are higher in diabetic rat coronary artery SMC when compared with normal rats. n-3 PUFA intervention could downregulate the protein expression of SOCC, reduce cytosolic calcium concentration and coronary artery tension, and is protective to the diabetic injury in coronary artery.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Miócitos de Músculo Liso , Animais , Cálcio , Vasos Coronários , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3 , Masculino , Proteína ORAI1 , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Molécula 1 de Interação Estromal
13.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(7): 786-790, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357799

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the interaction of pregnancy-induced hypertension and history of preterm birth on the risk of small for gestational age. Methods: Stratified multistage random sampling method was used to choose samples from 30 districts and counties of Shaanxi province. Information on childbearing-age women with their children between January 2010 and November 2013 was retrospectively collected through face-to-face questionnaire survey. The childbearing-aged women were in pregnancy or having had definite outcomes of pregnancy. Enumeration data were described by percentage, and measurement data were described by Mean±SD, and χ(2) test was used to compare the rates. Unconditional logistic regression analysis was performed to estimate the interaction between pregnancy-induced hypertension and history of preterm birth on the risk of small for gestational age, and by using small for gestational age as dependent variables, pregnancy-induced hypertension and history of preterm birth as independent variables. Confounding factors were under control. Firstly, the association between pregnancy-induced hypertension and small for gestational age has been analyzed in primiparas, secondly, interaction of pregnancy-induced hypertension and history of preterm birth on the risk of small for gestational age has been analyzed in multiparas. Results: A total of 25 751 women of childbearing age and their children were recruited. 60.55% (15 592/25 751) were primiparas, 39.45% (10 159/25 751) were multiparas, the rate of history of preterm birth was 1.89% (192/10 159) for multiparas. The incidence rates of pregnancy-induced hypertension and small for gestational age were 1.55% and 15.49% in pregnant woman (400/25 751) and their newborns (3 990/25 751). Unconditioned logistic regression analysis showed that compared with woman without pregnancy-induced hypertension, primiparas with pregnancy-induced hypertension had increased risk of small for gestational age (OR=1.43, 95%CI: 1.02-2.00, P=0.041). Regarding multiparas, the main effect of pregnancy-induced hypertension had a positive correlation with small for gestational age (OR=1.34, 95%CI: 0.91-1.96), but there was no statistical significance (P=0.138). The main effect of history of preterm birth was positively correlated with small for gestational age (OR=1.61, 95%CI: 1.13-2.31, P=0.009). The interaction term "pregnancy-induced hypertension×history of preterm birth" was positively associated with risk of small for gestational age (OR=5.93, 95%CI: 1.19-29.61, P=0.030). Conclusions: Pregnancy-induced hypertension was associated with increased risk for small for gestational age in both primiparas and multiparas, and history of preterm birth further increased risk for small for gestational age in pregnant women with pregnancy-induced hypertension, indicating that there was multiplication interaction between pregnancy-induced hypertension and history of preterm birth.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/epidemiologia , Recém-Nascido Pequeno para a Idade Gestacional , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
14.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(5): 554-558, 2019 May 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177737

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the relationship between medication during pregnancy and single live preterm birth of infant in women of childbearing age in Shaanxi province. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used in this study and stratified multistage random sampling method was used. A questionnaire survey was conducted in the childbearing-aged women selected through multi stage stratified random sampling in Shaanxi during 2010 to 2013. Qualitative datum was described by percentage and measurement datum was described by mean±standard deviation. Logistic regression analysis was done to evaluate the relationship between medication during pregnancy and preterm birth of infant. Results: The overall incidence rate of premature birth was 2.7% in Shaanxi. Among the 28 841 mothers participating in this study, the proportion of medication use at any time during pregnancy was 15.8%, and the most commonly used drug was cold medicine (5.9%). After adjusting all confounding factors, the multivariable logistic regression analysis results showed that taking hormone medicine (OR=2.23, 95%CI: 1.19-4.18), antihypertensive medicine (OR=7.74, 95%CI: 4.28-13.95) and other medicines (OR=2.15, 95%CI: 1.60-2.89) during early pregnancy were the risk factors for preterm delivery, the risk was 2.23 times, 7.74 times and 2.15 times higher compared with those taking no these medicines. Conclusion: Using hormone medicine, antihypertensive medicine and other medicines during pregnancy increased the risk for preterm delivery in women of childbearing age in Shaanxi.


Assuntos
Medicamentos sem Prescrição/administração & dosagem , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Medicamentos sob Prescrição/administração & dosagem , Anti-Hipertensivos/administração & dosagem , Anti-Hipertensivos/efeitos adversos , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Mães , Medicamentos sem Prescrição/efeitos adversos , Gravidez , Medicamentos sob Prescrição/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco
15.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(12): 1585-1589, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062920

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the prevalence of chronic diseases and related risk factors in Shaanxi province. Methods: Multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling was used to collect the sample from permanent residents in 10 national surveillance points in Shaanxi province in 2015. Behavioral risk factors (smoking, drinking, diet and physical activity) were investigated by face-to-face interviews and biological risk factors (BMI, blood pressure, blood glucose and blood lipid) were collected by physical measurements and laboratory tests. Designed weight, no response weight and post hierarchical weight were taken into account in the data analysis. Binary logistic regression models were used to examine the pair-wise associations among 8 risk factors. Results: A total of 6 174 persons were included in the analysis. The following weighted prevalence were noticed in Shaanxi province in 2015, that including current smoking as 28.19%, harmful use of alcohol as 6.20%, inadequate intake of vegetables and fruits as 55.62%, physical inactivity as 19.56%, overweight and obesity as 46.82%, hypertension as 31.12%, raised fasting blood glucose as 4.27%, and raised total cholesterol as 20.96%. Eight risk factors were found to be associated with each other. The mean numbers of risk factors were 2.41 per male and 1.85 per female, 1.94 per urban resident and 2.28 per rural resident. Conclusions: Risk factors for chronic diseases among adults aged 18 or older were more than the national levels in Shaanxi province in 2015. Male and rural residents presented more risk factors than their counterparts. Correlations between risk factors implied that a combined package of interventions was needed to reduce these risk factors.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica , Hipertensão , Sobrepeso , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , População Rural , Comportamento Sedentário
16.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 39(10): 1333-1338, 2018 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30453433

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the relationship between medication taken during pregnancy and congenital heart disease of the newborns. Methods: A large cross-sectional survey was conducted between August and November 2013. A questionnaire survey was conducted among the childbearing aged women, selected through multistage stratified random sampling in Shaanxi from 2010 to 2013. All of the childbearing aged women under study were in pregnancy and with definite pregnancy outcomes. Multivariable Poisson regression was conducted for data analyses. Results: A total of 28 680 cases were included in this study. The proportion of medication taken at any time during pregnancy was 16.0%, and the prevalence of congenital heart disease among the newborns was 67.9/10 000. After adjustment for factors as general demographic characteristic, history of heart disease and drug allergy and the situation of disease during pregnancy of these women, results from the multivariable Poisson regression showed that, factors as taking drugs (RR=1.95, 95%CI: 1.42- 2.68), cold medicine (RR=1.68, 95%CI: 1.07-2.64), antibiotics (RR=1.90, 95%CI: 1.25-2.90), salicylates (RR=5.01, 95%CI: 1.84-13.64) and antifungal drugs (RR=10.22, 95%CI: 3.25-32.19) during pregnancy were all related to congenital heart disease, and with the history of taking cold medicine (RR=1.90, 95%CI: 1.01-3.61), antibiotics (RR=2.18, 95%CI: 1.17-4.06), salicylates (RR=6.07, 95%CI: 1.45-25.41), antifungal drugs (RR=21.01, 95%CI: 4.17-105.87) and other drugs (RR=2.31, 95%CI: 1.19-4.47) during early pregnancy. These factors were with higher risks for congenital heart disease. Conclusion: Women of childbearing age who took cold medicine, antibiotics, salicylic acid drugs, antifungal drugs and other drugs during early pregnancy would increase the risks related to congenital heart diseases.


Assuntos
Tratamento Farmacológico , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Cardiopatias/induzido quimicamente , Cardiopatias/congênito , Resultado da Gravidez , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 39(7): 920-924, 2018 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30060305

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the association between maternal respiratory infection in early pregnancy and gestational age of single live birth. Methods: A face to face questionnaire survey was conducted among child bearing aged women in 30 counties (district) of Shaanxi province selected through stratified multistage sampling. Propensity score (PS) matched (1∶1) analysis was used to match participants with respiratory infections to those without respiratory infections. A multilevel linear model was used to investigate the association between respiratory infections and gestational age. Through the control of the confounders step by step, three models were established in this study: model 1 for the variable of respiratory infections before PS matching, model 2 was adjusted for variables in model 1 plus some other individual differences of mother and baby, and model 3 for the variable of respiratory infections after PS matching. Results: Of 28 848 child bearing aged women surveyed, 3 676 (12.74%) had respiratory infections in early pregnancy. After PS matching, 2 762 pairs were matched. Analysis with model 1 indicated that a decrease of 0.111 week (P<0.001) in gestational age was associated with a respiratory infection during the first trimester. Analysis with model 2 and model 3 indicated that a decrease of 0.058 week (P=0.025) and a decrease of 0.076 week (P=0.036) were associated with respiratory infection during the first trimester, respectively. Conclusion: The respiratory infection during the first trimester was associated with the decrease of the gestational age of newborn.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas/epidemiologia , Idade Gestacional , Pontuação de Propensão , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Mães , Gravidez , Primeiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Infecções Respiratórias/diagnóstico , Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia
18.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 39(3): 317-321, 2018 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29609246

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the effect of interpregnancy interval (IPI) of childbearing aged women on the birth weight of single live birth neonates in Shaanxi province. Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted among the childbearing aged women selected through multistage stratified random sampling in Shaanxi during 20l0-2013, all the childbearing aged women had definite pregnancy outcomes. The interpregnancy interval of the childbearing aged women and the birth weight of the newborns were used as the independent variables and dependent variables respectively in multiple linear regression model and quantile regression model, and confounding factors were controlled. Results: A total of 13 063 women at childbearing age and their infants were investigated. The incidence of low birth weight and macrosomia was 3.54% and 7.62% respectively. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that there was no significant difference in birth weight among different IPI group and control group. Quantile regression analysis showed when birth weight was at 5 percentiles, the difference in birth weight between newborns whose mothers had short interpregnancy interval (<12 months) and those in control group was significant, when the birth weight was ≥90 percentiles, the birth weights of newborns whose mothers had long interpregnancy interval (60-119 months) were higher than those in control group, the difference was significant. As the increase of the percentiles of birth weight, the extent of changes gradually increased. Conclusion: The analysis indicated that both short (<12 months) and long (60-119 months) interpregnancy interval would had negative effects on birth weights of newborns. Therefore, planning for pregnancy is important for having a good perinatal outcome.


Assuntos
Intervalo entre Nascimentos , Peso ao Nascer , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Nascimento Vivo , Idade Materna , Feminino , Macrossomia Fetal/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Recém-Nascido , Macrolídeos , Masculino , Mães , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; 47(5): 550-562, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29327780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Direct-acting antiviral (DAA) regimens have shown high efficacy and tolerability for patients with HCV genotype 1/1b (GT1/1b) in clinical trials. However, robust real-world evidence of interferon (IFN)-free DAA treatment for HCV GT1-infected patients in Asia is still lacking. AIM: To systematically review and meta-analyse the effectiveness and tolerability of IFN-free DAA therapy for HCV GT1 infection in Asia. METHODS: We included studies that enrolled adult patients with HCV GT1 infection in routine clinical practice in Asia, using IFN-free DAA regimens, and reported sustained virological response (SVR) after 12/24 weeks end-of-treatment by 31 May 2017. The pooled SVR rates were computed with a random-effects model. Subgroup analysis and meta-regression as previously registered in PROSPERO were performed to determine how pre-planned variables might have affected the pooled estimates. RESULTS: We included 41 studies from eight countries and regions, comprising of 8574 individuals. The pooled SVR rates for GT1 were 89.9% (95% CI 88.6-91.1, I2  = 55.1%) with daclatasvir/asunaprevir (DCV/ASV) and 98.1% (95% CI 97.0-99.0, I2  = 41.0%) with ledipasvir/sofosbuvir ± ribavirin (LDV/SOF ± RBV). Baseline cirrhosis but not prior treatment history and age, attenuated the effectiveness of both regimens. Baseline resistance associated substitutions (RASs) severely attenuated SVR of DCV/ASV (65.4% vs 94.3%, P < 0.001) and only minimally with LDV/SOF ± RBV (94.5% vs 99.2%, P = 0.003). Patients with renal dysfunction treated with DCV/ASV showed a higher SVR rate (93.9% vs 89.8%, P = 0.046). Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) LDV/SOF ± RBV achieved a lower SVR than those without HCC (94.1% vs 98.7%, P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: All oral DAA treatment of HCV GT1 resulted in high cure rates in Asian patients in routine clinical practice setting including elderly patients and those with end-stage renal disease.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Hepacivirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Ásia/epidemiologia , Quimioterapia Combinada/efeitos adversos , Medicina Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Genótipo , Hepatite C Crônica/epidemiologia , Hepatite C Crônica/virologia , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 38(11): 1460-1465, 2017 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29141329

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the prevalence of birth defects, related diseases and mental status of women during pregnancy in Shaanxi province and to analyse the major risk factors on birth defects and congenital heart disease. Possible association between maternal diseases or mental status and the risk of birth defects, was also explored. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used in this study and stratified multistage random sampling method was used. The whole survey was from Jury 2013 to November 2013. Logistic regression method was used to analyze the association between maternal diseases, mental status during pregnancy and birth defects. Results: The overall prevalence of birth defects was 195.04 per 10 000 in Shaanxi. Among the 29 121 mothers participating in this study, 51.1% developed illness and 6.8% "changed their mental status during pregnancy. After adjusting all the confounding factors, results showed that, histories of cold" , fever, and intrahepatic cholestasis were (OR=1.33, 95%CI: 1.10-1.61, OR=1.54, 95%CI: 1.09-2.16, and OR=32.77, 95%CI:4.08-263.04) respectively, during pregnancy that related to birth defects. Self-reported unstable mental status (OR=1.60, 95%CI: 1.19-2.15) and family friction (OR=2.07, 95%CI: 1.12-3.79) were both related to the birth rates. Histories of cold and fever (OR=1.59, 95%CI: 1.28-1.98; OR=1.43, 95%CI: 1.48-4.00), during early pregnancy, unstable mental status during mid-pregnant period (OR=1.52, 95%CI: 1.05-2.19), unstable mental status during late-pregnant period (OR=1.63, 95%CI: 1.05-2.19) and family friction during late-pregnant period (OR=2.89, 95%CI: 1.16-7.20) were found to be related to birth defects. Compared with those without history of cold, those with the history of cold during first (OR=1.24, 95%CI: 1.02-1.52) and second stages (OR=2.06, 95%CI: 1.30-3.26) of pregnancy were more likely to bear fetus with birth defects. Compared with those without these histories, those with histories of fever (OR=1.49, 95%CI: 1.04-2.13), emotional problem (OR=1.71, 95%CI: 1.19-2.45) and related diseases (OR=2.67, 95%CI: 1.32-5.39) during the first period of pregnancy were more likely to bear fetus with birth defects. Conclusion: The incidence of birth defects in Shaanxi was high. Histories of cold, fever, unstable mental status and family friction during pregnancy, seemed to have increased the risks of bearing child with birth defects.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Congênitas/epidemiologia , Saúde Mental , Gestantes/etnologia , Gestantes/psicologia , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Feto , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Mães , Gravidez , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
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