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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002302

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of anemia on clinical outcomes in female patients enrolled in the Women's InterNational transcatheter aortic valve implantation (WIN-TAVI) registry. BACKGROUND: Anemia is highly prevalent among females who constitute half of TAVI candidates, yet, its clinical significance remains poorly investigated. METHODS: Patients were divided into three groups according to preprocedural hemoglobin (Hb) level: (1) no anemia (Hb ≥12 g/dl), (2) mild-to-moderate anemia (10 ≤ Hb <12 g/dl), and (3) severe anemia (Hb <10 g/dl). The primary outcome was the occurrence of Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC)-2 efficacy endpoint, a composite of mortality, stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), hospitalization for valve-related symptoms or heart failure or valve-related dysfunction at 1-year follow-up. RESULTS: Hemoglobin level was available in 877 (86.1%) patients: 412 (47.0%) had no anemia, 363 (41.4%) had mild-to-moderate anemia, and 102 (11.6%) had severe anemia. The latter group had a higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors. Compared with patients without anemia, severe anemia was associated with a greater risk of VARC-2 efficacy endpoint (adj HR 1.71, 95% CI: 1.02-2.87, p = .04), all-cause death (adj HR 2.36, 95% CI: 1.31-4.26, p = .004) and a composite of death, MI or stroke (adj HR 1.88, 95% CI: 1.10-3.22, p = .02) at 1 year. Moreover, an increased risk of late mortality (adj HR 1.15, 95% CI: 1.02-1.30, p = .03) was observed with every 1 g/dl decrease in hemoglobin level. CONCLUSION: Severe anemia in females undergoing TAVI was independently associated with increased rates of VARC-2 efficacy endpoint and mortality at 1 year.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32964556

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) experience greater ischemic events including clinically driven target lesion revascularization (CD-TLR). Whether the COMBO biodegradable-polymer sirolimus-eluting stent promotes better outcomes in these patients by virtue of endothelial progenitor cell capture technology is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We examined one-year outcomes by CKD status from the COMBO collaboration. METHODS: The COMBO collaboration was a patient-level pooled dataset from the REMEDEE and MASCOT registries (3,614 patients) of all-comers undergoing attempted COMBO stent PCI. The primary endpoint was one-year target lesion failure (TLF), composite of cardiac death, target-vessel myocardial infarction (TV-MI) or CD-TLR. Secondary endpoints included stent thrombosis (ST). RESULTS: The study included 6.4% (n = 231) CKD and 93.6% (n = 3,361) non-CKD patients. CKD patients were older and included more women with greater prevalence of several comorbidities but similar rate of acute coronary syndrome (50.6% vs. 54.5%, p = .26). CKD patients underwent radial PCI less often (56.1% vs. 70.3%, p < .001) and received clopidogrel (78.6% vs. 68.3%) more often (p = .004). One-year TLF occurred in 7.9% CKD vs. 3.7% non-CKD patients, p = .001. CKD patients also demonstrated greater incidence of cardiac death (6.2% vs. 1.2%, p < .0001), TV-MI (2.7% vs. 1.1%, p = .04) but similar CD-TLR (2.7% vs 2.2%, p = .61) and definite/probable ST (1.4% vs. 0.8%, p = .42), compared to non-CKD patients. CONCLUSIONS: CKD patients treated with COMBO stents had significantly greater incidence of one-year TLF compared to non-CKD patients driven by cardiac death and to a lesser extent TV-MI but not CD-TLR. They had similar rates of definite/probable ST.

4.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(8): e009047, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32757657

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, 2 third-generation transcatheter valves, 29-mm Sapien-3 and 34-mm Evolut-R (ER), are indicated for large sized aortic annuli. We analyzed short and 1-year performance of these valves in patients with large (area ≥575 mm2 or perimeter ≥85 mm) and extra-large (≥683 mm2 or ≥94.2 mm) aortic annuli undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement. METHODS: A total of 833 patients across 12 centers with symptomatic aortic stenosis and large aortic annuli underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement with 29-mm Sapien-3 (n=640) or 34-mm ER (n=193). Clinical, anatomic, and procedural characteristics were collected, and Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 outcomes were reported. RESULTS: Median aortic annulus area and perimeter were 617 mm2 (591-657) and 89.1 mm (87.0-92.1), respectively (704 mm2 [689-743] and 96.0 mm [94.5-97.9] in the subgroup of 124 patients with extra-large annuli). Overall device success was 94.3% (Sapien-3, 95.8% and ER, 89.3%; P=0.001), with a higher rate of significant paravalvular leak (P=0.004), second valve implantation (P=0.013), and valve embolization (P=0.009) in the ER group. Thirty-day and 1-year mortality was 2.4% and 9.2%, respectively, without differences between groups. Valve hemodynamics were excellent (mean gradient, 8.8±3.6 mm Hg; 3.3% rate of moderate-severe paravalvular leak) in the extra-large annulus, without differences compared with the large annulus group. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with large and extra-large aortic annuli, transcatheter aortic valve replacement using 29-mm Sapien-3 and 34-mm ER is safe and feasible. Observed differences in clinical outcomes and hemodynamic performance may guide valve choice in this cohort of patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement.

5.
Int J Cardiol ; 2020 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32814108

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Female subjects constitute half of all transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) candidates, but the association between important comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus (DM) and clinical outcomes after TAVI remains unclear in this group. METHOD: WIN-TAVI is a real-world international registry of exclusively female subjects undergoing TAVI. The study population was stratified into those with (DM) and those without DM (NDM). Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC)-2 efficacy (composite of all-cause death, stroke, myocardial infarction, hospitalization for valve-related symptoms or worsening congestive heart failure, or valve-related dysfunction) was the primary endpoint for this analysis. RESULTS: Of the 1012 subjects included in this study, 264 (26.1%) had DM at baseline. DM patients were younger but had a higher burden of comorbidities. There were no differences in VARC-2 efficacy events between DM and NDM patients at 30 days or 1 year. Conversely, patients with DM had a lower risk of VARC-2 life threatening bleeding at 30 days and 1 year after TAVI compared to NDM patients, which remained significant even after multivariable adjustment (HR, 0.34, 95% CI, 0.12-0.99; p = .047). In the subgroup analysis, insulin-dependent DM was not associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Among female patients undergoing TAVI, more than one-fourth of the subjects presented with DM. At 1-year follow-up, DM was associated with lower bleeding complications and no increase in the risk of other adverse events, including mortality, after TAVI.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32507695

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Small vessel diameter is associated with higher risk of target lesion revascularization (TLR) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The COMBO sirolimus-eluting biodegradable-polymer stent has a proprietary anti-CD34 antibody layer to enhance homogeneous endothelialization, which may be advantageous in treating small vessels. OBJECTIVE: We examined for differences in 1-year clinical outcomes after PCI by maximum implanted stent diameter from the COMBO collaboration. METHODS: The COMBO collaboration (n = 3614) is a patient-level pooled dataset of patients undergoing PCI with COMBO stents in the MASCOT and REMEDEE multicenter registries. Stent diameter was available in 3590 (99.3%) patients. We compared patients receiving COMBO stents <3 mm versus ≥3 mm. The primary endpoint was 1-year target lesion failure (TLF), composite of cardiac death, target vessel-myocardial infarction (TV-MI) or clinically driven TLR. Secondary outcomes included stent thrombosis (ST). Adjusted outcomes were assessed using Cox regression methods. RESULTS: The study included 792 (22%) patients with small stents <3 mm and 2798 (78%) patients with large stents ≥3 mm. Small stent patients included more women with lower body mass index and higher prevalence of diabetes but similar prevalence of acute coronary syndrome. Risk of 1-year TLF was similar in small and large stent groups (4.4% vs. 3.8%, HR 1.12, 95% CI 0.74-1.72, p = 0.58). There were no differences in the rates of cardiac death (1.7% vs. 1.5%, p = 0.74), TV-MI (1.4% vs. 1.2%, p = 0.58) or TLR (2.7% vs. 2.1%, p = 0.31). Definite or probable ST occurred in 1.3% of the small stent and 0.7% of the large stent PCI patients, p = 0.14, HR 2.13, 95% CI 0.93-5.00, p = 0.07. CONCLUSIONS: One-year ischemic outcomes after COMBO PCI were similar irrespective of stent diameter in this all-comers international cohort.

8.
Am J Cardiol ; 127: 1-8, 2020 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418717

RESUMO

Older patients who undergo coronary interventions are at greater risk of ischemic events and less likely to tolerate prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) due to bleeding risk. The COMBO biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent promotes rapid endothelialization through endothelial progenitor cell capture technology which may be advantageous in elderly patients. We compared 1-year clinical outcomes and DAPT cessation events in patients >75 versus ≤75 years from the MASCOT registry. MASCOT was a prospective, multicenter cohort study of all-comers undergoing attempted COMBO stenting. The primary endpoint was 1-year target lesion failure (TLF), composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI) not clearly attributed to a nontarget vessel or clinically driven target lesion revascularization. Bleeding was adjudicated using the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium criteria. Adjusted outcomes were analyzed using Cox regression methods. The study included 18% (n = 479) patients >75 years and 72% (n = 2,135) patients ≤75 years. One-year TLF occurred in 4.6% patients >75 years versus 3.1% patients ≤75years of age, p = 0.10; adj hazard ratio 1.36, 95% confidence intervals 0.77 to 2.38, p = 0.29. There were no significant differences in cardiac death (1.7% vs 1.3%, p = 0.55), MI (2.1% vs 1.2%, p = 0.14), target lesion revascularization (1.7% vs 1.4%, p = 0.60) and definite stent thrombosis (0.8% vs 0.4%, p = 0.19). Major Bleeding Academic Research Consortium 3,5 bleeding (3.1% vs 1.5%, p = 0.01) and DAPT cessation rates (32.4% vs 23.0%, p <0.001) were significantly higher in elderly patients. In conclusion, elderly patients >75 years treated with COMBO stents had similar TLF but significantly greater incidence of bleeding than younger patients and DAPT cessation in one-third of patients over 1 year.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Polímeros , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Feminino , Saúde Global , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(7): 820-830, 2020 04 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32273094

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine 1-year safety and efficacy after treatment with the COMBO and Orsiro stents. BACKGROUND: The COMBO stainless-steel stent has an anti-CD34+ antibody coating to capture endothelial progenitor cells, thereby promoting faster endothelialization. The Orsiro is an ultrathin-strut cobalt-chromium stent, covered by an extremely thin layer of amorphous silicon carbide to minimize ion leakage. Both devices elute sirolimus from biodegradable polymers. METHODS: For this analysis we included European patients from the COMBO collaboration, a patient-level pooling of 2 prospective all-comers registries of COMBO stent implantation (n = 2,775), and all patients randomized to the Orsiro stent (n = 1,169) from the Dutch BIO-RESORT (Comparison of Biodegradable Polymer and Durable Polymer Drug-Eluting Stents in an All Comers Population) randomized trial. The main outcome of interest was 1-year target lesion failure, a composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction, and clinically driven target lesion revascularization evaluated using propensity score-matched analysis. RESULTS: At baseline, COMBO patients were older and had more insulin-treated diabetes, renal insufficiency, and other comorbidities. However, Orsiro patients included more current smokers and more acute coronary syndrome presentations. Orsiro patients also received longer stents and had more complex target lesions. After propensity score-matched analysis (n = 862/arm), 1-year target lesion failure occurred in 4.1% of COMBO-treated and 2.7% of Orsiro-treated patients (hazard ratio: 1.55; 95% confidence interval: 0.92 to 2.62; p = 0.10). Definite stent thrombosis occurred in 0.5% of COMBO-treated and 0.5% of Orsiro-treated patients (p = 0.99). CONCLUSIONS: A propensity score-matched comparison of all comers treated with the COMBO or Orsiro stent showed no statistically significant differences. Stent thrombosis risk was low and similar between the stents. (Comparison of Biodegradable Polymer and Durable Polymer Drug-Eluting Stents in an All Comers Population [BIO-RESORT], NCT01674803; MASCOT-Post Marketing Registry [MASCOT], NCT02183454; Prospective Registry to Assess the Long-term Safety and Performance of the Combo Stent [REMEDEE Reg], NCT01874002).

10.
Int J Cardiol ; 307: 17-23, 2020 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32111358

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COMBO drug-eluting stent combines sirolimus-elution from a biodegradable polymer with an anti-CD34+ antibody coating for early endothelialization. OBJECTIVE: We investigated for geographical differences in outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with the COMBO stent among Asians and Europeans. METHODS: The COMBO Collaboration is a pooled patient-level analysis of the MASCOT and REMEDEE registries of all-comers undergoing attempted COMBO stent PCI. The primary outcome was 1-year target lesion failure (TLF), composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction (TV-MI) and target lesion revascularization (TLR). RESULTS: This study included 604 Asians (17.9%) and 2775 Europeans (82.1%). Asians were younger and included fewer females, with a higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus but lower prevalence of other comorbidities than Europeans. Asians had a higher prevalence of ACC/AHA C type lesions and received longer stent lengths. More Asians than Europeans were discharged on clopidogrel (86.5% vs 62.8%) rather than potent P2Y12 inhibitors. One-year TLF occurred in 4.0% Asians and 4.1% of Europeans, p = 0.93. The incidence of cardiac death was higher in Asians (2.8% vs. 1.3%, p = 0.007) with similar rates of TV-MI (1.5% vs. 1.2%, p = 0.54) and definite stent thrombosis (0.3% vs. 0.5%, p = 0.84) and lower incidence of TLR than Europeans (1.0% vs. 2.5%, p = 0.025). After adjustment, differences for cardiac death and TLR were no longer significant. CONCLUSIONS: In the COMBO collaboration, although 1-year TLF was similar regardless of geography, Asians experienced higher rates of cardiac death and lower TLR than Europeans, while incidence of TV-MI and ST was similar in both regions. Adjusted differences did not reach statistical significance. CLINICALTRIAL. GOV IDENTIFIER-NUMBERS: NCT01874002 (REMEDEE Registry), NCT02183454 (MASCOT registry).

12.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(9): 1030-1042, 2020 05 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32192985

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of initial deployment orientation of SAPIEN 3, Evolut, and ACURATE-neo transcatheter heart valves on their final orientation and neocommissural overlap with coronary arteries. BACKGROUND: Coronary artery access and redo transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) following initial TAVR may be influenced by transcatheter heart valve orientation. In this study the impact of transcatheter heart valve deployment orientation on commissural alignment was evaluated. METHODS: Pre-TAVR computed tomography and procedural fluoroscopy were analyzed in 828 patients who underwent TAVR (483 SAPIEN 3, 245 Evolut, and 100 ACURATE-neo valves) from March 2016 to September 2019 at 5 centers. Coplanar fluoroscopic views were coregistered to pre-TAVR computed tomography to determine commissural alignment. Severe overlap between neocommissural posts and coronary arteries was defined as 0° to 20° apart. The SAPIEN 3 had 1 commissural post crimped at 3, 6, 9, and 12 o'clock. The Evolut "Hat" marker and ACURATE-neo commissural post at deployment were classified as center back (CB), inner curve (IC), outer curve (OC), or center front (CF) and matched with final orientation. RESULTS: Initial SAPIEN 3 crimped orientation had no impact on commissural alignment. Evolut "Hat" at OC or CF at initial deployment had less severe overlap than IC or CB (p < 0.001) against the left main (15.7% vs. 66.0%) and right coronary (7.1% vs. 51.1%) arteries. Tracking Evolut "Hat" at OC of the descending aorta (n = 107) improved OC at deployment from 70.2% to 91.6% (p = 0.002) and reduced coronary artery overlap by 36% to 60% (p < 0.05). ACURATE-neo commissural post at CB or IC during deployment had less coronary artery overlap compared to CF or OC (p < 0.001), with intentional alignment successful in 5 of 7 cases. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first systematic evaluation of commissural alignment in TAVR. More than 30% to 50% of cases had overlap with 1 or both coronary arteries. Initial SAPIEN 3 orientation had no impact on alignment, but specific initial orientations of Evolut and ACURATE improved alignment. Optimizing valve alignment to avoid coronary artery overlap will be important in coronary artery access and redo TAVR.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COMBO drug eluting stent is a novel device with luminal endothelial progenitor cell capture technology for rapid homogeneous endothelialization. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined for sex differences in 1-year outcomes after COMBO stenting from the COMBO collaboration, a pooled patient-level dataset from the MASCOT and REMEDEE multicenter registries. The primary endpoint was 1-year target lesion failure (TLF), composite of cardiac death, target vessel-myocardial infarction (TV-MI), or clinically driven target lesion revascularization (CD-TLR). Secondary outcomes included stent thrombosis (ST). Adjusted outcomes were assessed using Cox regression methods. The study included 861 (23.8%) women and 2,753 (76.2%) men. Women were older with higher prevalence of several comorbidities including diabetes mellitus. Risk of 1-year TLF was similar in both sexes (3.8% vs. 3.9%, HR 0.92, 95% CI 0.59-1.42, p = .70), without sex differences in the incidence of cardiac death (1.6% vs. 1.5%, p = .78), TV-MI (1.5% vs. 1.1%, p = .32), or CD-TLR (2.0% vs. 2.2%, p = .67). Definite or probable ST occurred in 0.4% women and 1.0% men (HR 0.26, 95% CI 0.06-1.11, p = .069). CONCLUSIONS: Despite greater clinical risks at baseline, women treated with COMBO stents had similarly low 1-year TLF and other ischemic outcomes compared to men.

14.
Am J Cardiol ; 125(8): 1222-1229, 2020 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32093955

RESUMO

New persistent left bundle branch block (NP-LBBB) has been associated with adverse outcomes after TAVI but few predictors thus far reported. We sought to identify predictors of NP-LBBB after TAVI with EvolutR/PRO (ER/EP). From 1/2016 to 4/2019, 544 patients from 2 centers underwent TAVI with Evolut (54% ER, 46% EP) for severe native aortic stenosis. Patients with previous LBBB and pacemaker were excluded. Aortic root analysis was performed using 3Mensio Valves Software and membranous septal length (MSL) was determined using the standard coronal view. Clinical, anatomic and procedural characteristics of 396 Evolut were analyzed and predictors of NP-LBBB were identified. Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 outcomes were reported. At discharge, NP-LBBB was seen in 76(19.2%) patients. NP-LBBB in Evolut was associated with implant depth at left coronary cusp (p = 0.004) and 34 mm ER (p = 0.026). Independent predictors of NP-LBBB in Evolut were shorter MSL (odds ratio [OR] = 0.82 per mm septum, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.68 to 0.98,p = 0.030), left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) eccentricity (OR = 1.04 per %, 95% CI = 1.01 to 1.06,p = 0.002), implant depth at noncoronary cusp (NCC) (OR = 1.28 per mm ventricular, 95% CI = 1.11 to 1.48,p = 0.001) and annular perimeter oversizing ≥20% (OR = 2.38, 95% CI = 1.20 to 4.72, p = 0.013). On ROC curve analysis, MSL ≤6.5 mm, NCC depth ≥3 mm and LVOT eccentricity ≥35% were optimal threshold values to predict NP-LBBB. In Conclusion, shorter MSL, LVOT eccentricity, annular oversizing and deeper implant depth are novel predictors of NP-LBBB in Evolut TAVI. Preprocedural CT assessment of aortic root anatomy may help identify patients at risk for NP-LBBB. In such patients, modifying procedural factors such as higher implant and less annular oversizing may reduce the risk of NP-LBBB. Further evaluation of our hypothesis is warranted.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/anatomia & histologia , Bloqueio de Ramo/epidemiologia , Ventrículos do Coração/anatomia & histologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Septo Interventricular/anatomia & histologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Tamanho do Órgão , Fatores de Risco , Septo Interventricular/diagnóstico por imagem
16.
Eur Heart J ; 41(33): 3132-3140, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31994703

RESUMO

AIMS: To study the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of selatogrel, a novel P2Y12 receptor antagonist for subcutaneous administration, in patients with chronic coronary syndromes (CCS). METHODS AND RESULTS: In this double-blind, randomized study of 345 patients with CCS on background oral antiplatelet therapy, subcutaneous selatogrel (8 mg, n = 114; or 16 mg, n = 115) was compared with placebo (n = 116) (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03384966). Platelet aggregation was assessed over 24 h (VerifyNow assay) and 8 h (light transmittance aggregometry; LTA). Pharmacodynamic responders were defined as patients having P2Y12 reaction units (PRU) <100 at 30 min post-dose and lasting ≥3 h. At 30 min post-dose, 89% of patients were responders to selatogrel 8 mg, 90% to selatogrel 16 mg, and 16% to placebo (P < 0.0001). PRU values (mean ± standard deviation) were 10 ± 25 (8 mg), 4 ± 10 (16 mg), and 163 ± 73 (placebo) at 15 min and remained <100 up to 8 h for both doses, returning to pre-dose or near pre-dose levels by 24 h post-dose. LTA data showed similarly rapid and potent inhibition of platelet aggregation. Selatogrel plasma concentrations peaked ∼30 min post-dose. Selatogrel was safe and well-tolerated with transient dyspnoea occurring overall in 7% (16/229) of patients (95% confidence interval: 4-11%). CONCLUSIONS: Selatogrel was rapidly absorbed following subcutaneous administration in CCS patients, providing prompt, potent, and consistent platelet P2Y12 inhibition sustained for ≥8 h and reversible within 24 h. Further studies of subcutaneous selatogrel are warranted in clinical scenarios where rapid platelet inhibition is desirable.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31943717

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Clinicians use validated scores to risk-stratify patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). However, evaluation by the Heart Team often deems patients to be at higher risk than their formal scores suggest. We sought to assess clinical outcomes of TAVR patients defined as high-risk by the Heart Team's assessment versus the patient's logistic EuroSCORE (LES). METHODS: The BRAVO-3 trial randomized patients at high risk (LES ≥ 18, or deemed inoperable by the Heart Team) to TAVR with periprocedural anticoagulation with unfractionated heparin versus bivalirudin. Endpoints included net adverse cardiac events (NACE: the composite of all-cause mortality, MI, stroke, or bleeding), major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE: death, MI, or stroke), the individual components of MACE, major vascular complications, BARC ≥ 3b bleeding and VARC life-threatening bleeding at 30 days. We compared patients deemed high-risk based on LES ≥ 18 versus high-risk by the Heart Team despite lower LES. RESULTS: A total of 467/800 (58.4%) patients were deemed high-risk by the Heart Team despite LES < 18. After multivariable analysis, there were no differences in the odds of endpoints between groups (NACE, ORLES≥18 : 1.32, 95% CI 0.86-2.02, p = .21; MACE, ORLES≥18 : 1.27, 95% CI 0.72-2.25, p = .41; major vascular complications, ORLES≥18 : 0.97, 95% CI 0.65-1.44, p = .88; BARC ≥3b, ORLES≥18 : 1.38, 95% CI 0.82-2.33, p = .23; and VARC life-threatening bleeding, ORLES≥18 : 0.99, 95% CI 0.69-1.41, p = .95). CONCLUSION: Patients undergoing TAVR and labeled high-risk by LES ≥ 18 or Heart Team assessment despite LES < 18 have comparable short-term outcomes. Assignment of high-risk status to over 50% of patients is attributable to Heart Team's clinical assessment.

18.
N Engl J Med ; 382(2): 120-129, 2020 01 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733180

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether the direct factor Xa inhibitor rivaroxaban can prevent thromboembolic events after transcatheter aortic-valve replacement (TAVR) is unclear. METHODS: We randomly assigned 1644 patients without an established indication for oral anticoagulation after successful TAVR to receive rivaroxaban at a dose of 10 mg daily (with aspirin at a dose of 75 to 100 mg daily for the first 3 months) (rivaroxaban group) or aspirin at a dose of 75 to 100 mg daily (with clopidogrel at a dose of 75 mg daily for the first 3 months) (antiplatelet group). The primary efficacy outcome was the composite of death or thromboembolic events. The primary safety outcome was major, disabling, or life-threatening bleeding. The trial was terminated prematurely by the data and safety monitoring board because of safety concerns. RESULTS: After a median of 17 months, death or a first thromboembolic event (intention-to-treat analysis) had occurred in 105 patients in the rivaroxaban group and in 78 patients in the antiplatelet group (incidence rates, 9.8 and 7.2 per 100 person-years, respectively; hazard ratio with rivaroxaban, 1.35; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01 to 1.81; P = 0.04). Major, disabling, or life-threatening bleeding (intention-to-treat analysis) had occurred in 46 and 31 patients, respectively (4.3 and 2.8 per 100 person-years; hazard ratio, 1.50; 95% CI, 0.95 to 2.37; P = 0.08). A total of 64 deaths occurred in the rivaroxaban group and 38 in the antiplatelet group (5.8 and 3.4 per 100 person-years, respectively; hazard ratio, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.13 to 2.53). CONCLUSIONS: In patients without an established indication for oral anticoagulation after successful TAVR, a treatment strategy including rivaroxaban at a dose of 10 mg daily was associated with a higher risk of death or thromboembolic complications and a higher risk of bleeding than an antiplatelet-based strategy. (Funded by Bayer and Janssen Pharmaceuticals; GALILEO ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02556203.).


Assuntos
Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Inibidores do Fator Xa/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Rivaroxabana/uso terapêutico , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Clopidogrel/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Inibidores do Fator Xa/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Análise de Intenção de Tratamento , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Rivaroxabana/efeitos adversos , Tromboembolia/mortalidade
19.
N Engl J Med ; 382(2): 130-139, 2020 01 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733182

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Subclinical leaflet thickening and reduced leaflet motion of bioprosthetic aortic valves have been documented by four-dimensional computed tomography (CT). Whether anticoagulation can reduce these phenomena after transcatheter aortic-valve replacement (TAVR) is not known. METHODS: In a substudy of a large randomized trial, we randomly assigned patients who had undergone successful TAVR and who did not have an indication for long-term anticoagulation to a rivaroxaban-based antithrombotic strategy (rivaroxaban [10 mg] plus aspirin [75 to 100 mg] once daily) or an antiplatelet-based strategy (clopidogrel [75 mg] plus aspirin [75 to 100 mg] once daily). Patients underwent evaluation by four-dimensional CT at a mean (±SD) of 90±15 days after randomization. The primary end point was the percentage of patients with at least one prosthetic valve leaflet with grade 3 or higher motion reduction (i.e., involving >50% of the leaflet). Leaflet thickening was also assessed. RESULTS: A total of 231 patients were enrolled. At least one prosthetic valve leaflet with grade 3 or higher motion reduction was found in 2 of 97 patients (2.1%) who had scans that could be evaluated in the rivaroxaban group, as compared with 11 of 101 (10.9%) in the antiplatelet group (difference, -8.8 percentage points; 95% confidence interval [CI], -16.5 to -1.9; P = 0.01). Thickening of at least one leaflet was observed in 12 of 97 patients (12.4%) in the rivaroxaban group and in 33 of 102 (32.4%) in the antiplatelet group (difference, -20.0 percentage points; 95% CI, -30.9 to -8.5). In the main trial, the risk of death or thromboembolic events and the risk of life-threatening, disabling, or major bleeding were higher with rivaroxaban (hazard ratios of 1.35 and 1.50, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: In a substudy of a trial involving patients without an indication for long-term anticoagulation who had undergone successful TAVR, a rivaroxaban-based antithrombotic strategy was more effective than an antiplatelet-based strategy in preventing subclinical leaflet-motion abnormalities. However, in the main trial, the rivaroxaban-based strategy was associated with a higher risk of death or thromboembolic complications and a higher risk of bleeding than the antiplatelet-based strategy. (Funded by Bayer; GALILEO-4D ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02833948.).


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Aspirina/farmacologia , Clopidogrel/farmacologia , Inibidores do Fator Xa/farmacologia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/farmacologia , Rivaroxabana/farmacologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/efeitos dos fármacos , Valva Aórtica/patologia , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Clopidogrel/efeitos adversos , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Inibidores do Fator Xa/efeitos adversos , Inibidores do Fator Xa/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Tomografia Computadorizada Quadridimensional , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Análise de Intenção de Tratamento , Masculino , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Rivaroxabana/efeitos adversos , Rivaroxabana/uso terapêutico , Tromboembolia/etiologia , Tromboembolia/mortalidade
20.
Am Heart J ; 219: 1-8, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707323
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