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1.
BMJ Open ; 9(5): e027847, 2019 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31122995

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The provision of healthcare services is not dedicated to promoting maintenance of function and does not target frail older persons at high risk of the main causes of morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of a proactive medical and social intervention in comparison with conventional care on a group of persons aged 75 and older selected by statistical prediction. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In a pragmatic multicentre primary care setting (n=1600), a prediction model to find elderly (75+) persons at high risk of complex medical care or hospitalisation is used, followed by proactive medical and social care, in comparison with usual care. The study started in April 2017 with a run-in period until December 2017, followed by a 2-year continued intervention phase that will continue until the end of December 2019. The intervention includes several tools (multiprofessional team for rehabilitation, social support, medical care home visits and telephone support). Primary outcome measures are healthcare cost, number of hospital care episodes, hospital care days and mortality. Secondary outcome measures are number of outpatient visits, cost of social care and informal care, number of prescribed drugs, health-related quality of life, cost-effectiveness, sense of security, functional status and ability. We also study the care of elderly persons in a broader sense, by covering the perspectives of the patients, the professional staff and the management, and on a political level, by using semistructured interviews, qualitative methods and a questionnaire. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Approved by the regional ethical review board in Linköping (Dnr 2016/347-31). The results will be presented in scientific journals and scientific meetings during 2019-2022 and are planned to be used for the development of future care models. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03180606.

2.
Int J Health Care Qual Assur ; 27(5): 391-404, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25087337

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to contribute to knowledge about dissemination strategies for Lean thinking throughout multiple healthcare organisations. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The Ostergötland county council, Sweden (CCO) was chosen as a case study for an healthcare Lean-thinking dissemination strategies. Document analysis and interviews were used and results were compared with similar strategies employed by staff at the National Health Service Institute for Innovation (NHSI) and improvement in Great Britain and the Odense University Hospital in Denmark. FINDINGS: The Lean improvement programme was introduced to tackle challenges such as an ageing society, rising care expectations and budgetary and economic constraints. It was designed as a long-term programme to create added value for patients and employee involvement. The dissemination strategy was: forming clear visions and objectives; piloting; training potential adopters; and formal dissemination. The CCO strategy was focused primarily on managers and was not meant to involve all staff until the implementation stage. Staff at the NHSI attempted to address nurses needs during dissemination, which questioned whether the CCO managers' dissemination strategy is sustainable. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: This paper inspires healthcare managers and decision makers who aim to disseminate Lean production in their organisations. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: There are many case studies describing Lean implementation in single healthcare organisations, but little is known about effective dissemination and implementation strategies in large healthcare systems. The authors, therefore, suggest activities for developing and implementing dissemination strategies in multiple healthcare organisations.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Comunitária/organização & administração , Eficiência Organizacional , Melhoria de Qualidade/organização & administração , Comunicação , Liderança , Administração de Recursos Humanos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Suécia
3.
Physiother Theory Pract ; 30(1): 20-8, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23899352

RESUMO

Physiotherapists are generally positive to evidence-based practice (EBP) and the use of research in clinical practice, yet many still base clinical decisions on knowledge obtained during their initial education and/or personal experience. Our aim was to explore motivations behind physiotherapists' use of research in clinical practice. Self-Determination Theory was applied to identify the different types of motivation for use of research. This theory posits that all behaviours lie along a continuum of relative autonomy, reflecting the extent to which a person endorses their actions. Eleven focus group interviews were conducted, involving 45 physiotherapists in various settings in Sweden. Data were analysed using qualitative content analysis and the findings compared with Self-Determination Theory using a deductive approach. Motivations underlying physiotherapists use of research in clinical practice were identified. Most physiotherapists expressed autonomous forms of motivation for research use, but some exhibited more controlled motivation. Several implications about how more evidence-based physiotherapy can be achieved are discussed, including the potential to tailor educational programs on EBP to better account for differences in motivation among participants, using autonomously motivated physiotherapists as change agents and creating favourable conditions to encourage autonomous motivation by way of feelings of competence, autonomy and a sense of relatedness.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Modelos Psicológicos , Autonomia Pessoal , Fisioterapeutas/psicologia , Autonomia Profissional , Competência Clínica , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Motivação , Papel Profissional , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Suécia
4.
Implement Sci ; 8: 31, 2013 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23497502

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence-based practice has increasingly been recognized as a priority by professional physiotherapy organizations and influential researchers and clinicians in the field. Numerous studies in the past decade have documented that physiotherapists hold generally favorable attitudes to evidence-based practice and recognize the importance of using research to guide their clinical practice. Research has predominantly investigated barriers to research use. Less is known about the circumstances that actually support use of research by physiotherapists. This study explores the conditions at different system levels that physiotherapists in Sweden perceive to be supportive of their use of research in clinical practice. METHODS: Patients in Sweden do not need a referral from a physician to consult a physiotherapist and physiotherapists are entitled to choose and perform any assessment and treatment technique they find suitable for each patient. Eleven focus group interviews were conducted with 45 physiotherapists, each lasting between 90 and 110 minutes. An inductive approach was applied, using topics rather than questions to allow the participants to generate their own questions and pursue their own priorities within the framework of the aim. The data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Analysis of the data yielded nine favorable conditions at three system levels supporting the participant's use of research in clinical practice: two at the individual level (attitudes and motivation concerning research use; research-related knowledge and skills), four at the workplace level (leadership support; organizational culture; research-related resources; knowledge exchange) and three at the extra-organizational level (evidence-based practice guidelines; external meetings, networks, and conferences; academic research and education). CONCLUSIONS: Supportive conditions for physiotherapists' use of research exist at multiple interdependent levels, including the individual, workplace, and extra-organizational levels. Research use in physiotherapy appears to be an interactive and interpretative social process that involves a great deal of interaction with various people, including colleagues and patients.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Fisioterapeutas , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/organização & administração , Prática Profissional/organização & administração , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Difusão de Inovações , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Grupos Focais , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Informática Médica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação , Cultura Organizacional , Apoio Social , Suécia , Local de Trabalho , Adulto Jovem
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