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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e238673, 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153461

RESUMO

Abstract Coccidiosis remains one of the major problems in poultry all over the world. Very limited data on anticoccidial drugs in wild pigeons is available. The current study was aimed to understand the comparative efficacy of sulfadimidine, amprolium and triquen in wild pigeons of Dir district, Pakistan suffering from coccidiosis. The faecal matter of wild pigeons were purchased from the local market for coccidian infection. Results revealed that 88.8% (16/18) were found infected with Eimeria spp. Three positive groups were treated with sulfadimidine (0.2mg/L), amprolium (25mg/L) and triquen. Sulfadimidine was most effective (45%) followed by amprolium (44.6%) while triquen (24.0%) showed less effectiveness against coccidiosis in pigeons. Number of oocysts were 79, 81 and 80 before treatment and 60, 44 and 44 after treatment with sulfadimidine, amprolium and triquen respectively. This study showed that sulphadimidine, amprolium and triquen could not significantly reduce the coccidiosis in pigeons. Further studies are required to clear the mechanism of anti-coccidial drugs in wild pigeons.


Resumo A coccidiose continua sendo um dos maiores problemas em aves de todo o mundo. Dados muito limitados sobre drogas anticoccidiais em pombos selvagens estão disponíveis. O presente estudo teve como objetivo compreender a eficácia comparativa da sulfadimidina, amprólio e triquenho em pombos selvagens do distrito de Dir, no Paquistão, que sofrem de coccidiose. A matéria fecal dos pombos selvagens foi comprada no mercado local para infecção por coccídios. Os resultados revelaram que 88,8% (16/18) foram encontrados infectados com Eimeria spp. Três grupos positivos foram tratados com sulfadimidina (0,2mg / L), amprólio (25mg / L) e triquenho. A sulfadimidina foi mais eficaz (45%), seguida pelo amprólio (44,6%), enquanto o triquenho (24,0%) apresentou menor efetividade contra a coccidiose em pombos. O número de oocistos foram 79, 81 e 80 antes do tratamento e 60, 44 e 44 após o tratamento com sulfadimidina, amprólio e triquenho, respectivamente. Este estudo mostrou que sulphadimidine, amprolium e triquen não poderiam reduzir significativamente a coccidiose em pombos. Mais estudos são necessários para limpar o mecanismo de drogas anticoccidiais em pombos selvagens.

2.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e238735, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153486

RESUMO

Abstract Using wire mesh live traps distribution pattern of the Rattus rattus and Mus musculus in different shops of three districts of Malakand region, Pakistan were recorded from September 2014 to October 2015. Over all 103 rodents (Rattus rattus 86 and Mus musculus 17) were caught during in 0.04 trap success (2448 trap nights). Regression of daily captures on cumulative captures revealed an estimate of 103 rodents from all the sampled structures with an average of 3.55 rodents per shop. R. rattus; 83.4% of captures were numerically dominant in almost all types of shops sampled, and were significantly different than Mus musculus; 16.5% of captures. Both species were found together in some shops while they were mostly trapped from the separate shops. Male rodents outnumbered the females.


Resumo Usando o padrão de distribuição de armadilhas vivas de malha de arame do Rattus rattus e Mus musculus em diferentes lojas de três distritos da região de Malakand, o Paquistão foi registrado de setembro de 2014 a outubro de 2015. No total, 103 roedores (Rattus rattus 86 e Mus musculus 17) foram pegos durante em 0,04 armadilha de sucesso (2448 noites de armadilha). A regressão das capturas diárias em capturas cumulativas revelou uma estimativa de 103 roedores de todas as estruturas amostradas, com uma média de 3,55 roedores por loja. R. rattus; 83,4% das capturas foram numericamente dominantes em quase todos os tipos de lojas da amostra e foram significativamente diferentes do Mus musculus; 16,5% das capturas. Ambas as espécies foram encontradas juntas em algumas lojas, enquanto estavam na maior parte presas em lojas separadas. Os roedores machos eram mais numerosos do que as fêmeas.

3.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e238673, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33729384

RESUMO

Coccidiosis remains one of the major problems in poultry all over the world. Very limited data on anticoccidial drugs in wild pigeons is available. The current study was aimed to understand the comparative efficacy of sulfadimidine, amprolium and triquen in wild pigeons of Dir district, Pakistan suffering from coccidiosis. The faecal matter of wild pigeons were purchased from the local market for coccidian infection. Results revealed that 88.8% (16/18) were found infected with Eimeria spp. Three positive groups were treated with sulfadimidine (0.2mg/L), amprolium (25mg/L) and triquen. Sulfadimidine was most effective (45%) followed by amprolium (44.6%) while triquen (24.0%) showed less effectiveness against coccidiosis in pigeons. Number of oocysts were 79, 81 and 80 before treatment and 60, 44 and 44 after treatment with sulfadimidine, amprolium and triquen respectively. This study showed that sulphadimidine, amprolium and triquen could not significantly reduce the coccidiosis in pigeons. Further studies are required to clear the mechanism of anti-coccidial drugs in wild pigeons.


Assuntos
Amprólio , Coccidiose , Animais , Galinhas , Coccidiose/tratamento farmacológico , Coccidiose/veterinária , Columbidae , Paquistão , Sulfametazina
4.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e238735, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787718

RESUMO

Using wire mesh live traps distribution pattern of the Rattus rattus and Mus musculus in different shops of three districts of Malakand region, Pakistan were recorded from September 2014 to October 2015. Over all 103 rodents (Rattus rattus 86 and Mus musculus 17) were caught during in 0.04 trap success (2448 trap nights). Regression of daily captures on cumulative captures revealed an estimate of 103 rodents from all the sampled structures with an average of 3.55 rodents per shop. R. rattus; 83.4% of captures were numerically dominant in almost all types of shops sampled, and were significantly different than Mus musculus; 16.5% of captures. Both species were found together in some shops while they were mostly trapped from the separate shops. Male rodents outnumbered the females.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Roedores , Roedores , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Camundongos , Paquistão , Ratos , Doenças dos Roedores/epidemiologia , Simbiose
5.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(1): 92-97, Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153312

RESUMO

Abstract Fish provides main source of high quality protein to more than one billion people in the world. Fish parasites directly affect the productivity of fish and indirectly on human health. This research was aimed to assess the helminth parasites in Schizothorax plagiostomus (the snow trout) from river Panjkora, KP, Pakistan. A total of 88 fish samples (n= 88) were collected from the upper, middle and lower regions of the river through cast nets, hand nets and hooks. All the collected fish samples were examined in the Parasitology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, University of Malakand for helminth parasites during July 2018 to February 2019.Among these fishes nematodes, trematodes, cestodes and acanthocephalan were isolated and identified. Overall prevalence of the fish parasites was 60.22% (53/88). The intensity of the parasite was observed from 1.7% to 4.61%. Highest prevalence was reported in summer season 86.36% while lowest in the winter season 36.36%. This study shows that summer season affects the fish business and result in poor quality fish meat with risk of zoonotic diseases. Adults were highly infected 82.25% while no infection was found in juvenile specimens. Female fish samples had higher prevalence 68.22% than males 48.22%. Fishes of the lower reaches had highest prevalence 60.22% than the upper reaches 40.0%. Fish samples with maximum length and weight were highly 76.92% infected than small sized fish with low body weight. Present study addresses that Rhabdochona schizothoracis in the intestine and Diplozoon paradoxum in gills of snow trout fish has a long term relationship and call as a natural infection in cyprinids and it is zoonotic threat to human.


Resumo O peixe é a principal fonte de proteína de alta qualidade para mais de um bilhão de pessoas no mundo. Contudo, parasitas afetam diretamente a produtividade de peixes e, indiretamente, a saúde humana. Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo avaliar os parasitas helmintos em Schizothorax plagiostomus (truta da neve) do rio Panjkora, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Paquistão. Foram coletadas 88 amostras de peixes (n = 88) dos trechos alto, médio e baixo do rio por meio de redes de arrasto, redes de mão e varas de pesca. Todas as amostras de peixes coletadas foram examinadas no Laboratório de Parasitologia do Departamento de Zoologia, da Universidade de Malakand, quanto a parasitas helmintos durante o período de julho de 2018 a fevereiro de 2019. Entre esses peixes, nematódeos, trematódeos, cestóideos e acantocéfalos foram isolados e identificados. A prevalência geral de parasitas de peixes foi de 60,22% (53/88). A intensidade do parasita foi observada de 1,7 a 4,61%. A maior prevalência (86,36%) foi relatada no verão, enquanto a menor (36,36%), no inverno. Este estudo mostra que a temporada de verão afeta o ramo da pesca e resulta em carne de baixa qualidade, com risco de doenças zoonóticas. Os adultos foram altamente infectados (82,25%), enquanto nenhuma infecção foi encontrada em jovens. As amostras de peixes do sexo feminino apresentaram maior prevalência (68,22%) do que as do sexo masculino (48,22%). Os peixes coletados no trecho baixo do rio tiveram maior prevalência (60,22%) do que os do trecho alto (40%). Amostras de peixes com comprimento e peso máximos foram altamente infectadas (76,92%) do que peixes de pequeno porte e baixo peso corporal. O presente estudo aborda que Rhabdochona schizothoracis no intestino e Diplozoon paradoxum em brânquias de peixes de truta da neve possuem uma estreita relação que causa uma infecção natural em ciprinídeos, sendo uma ameaça zoonótica ao ser humano.

6.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(1): 98-104, Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153320

RESUMO

Abstract Fish is consumed as a rich and cheaper source of white meat and proteins all over the world. Fish farming is the leading source of income generation throughout the world. The present research study was conducted with aims to investigate the ecto and endo parasitic fauna of S. plagiostomus (snow trout) in River Swat. A total of 96 fish samples were collected on monthly basis from July-2018 to February-2019, from upper, middle and lower reaches. Fish samples were collected with the help of cast net, hand net and fishing rods. Local fishermen and experts help were also sought out for fish collection. 61 out of 96 fishes were found infected by helminth parasites. The total prevalence and intensity of 63.54% and 2.90 was observed respectively during data analysis. Highest monthly prevalence of 83.33% was recorded during July and August, while lowest prevalence of 33.33% was noted during February. Five species of helminths parasites were detected from S. plagiostomus, of which two were trematodes (Rhabdochona shizothoracis and Rhabdochona species), one species of Monogenia (Diplozoon paraddoxum), one species of Cestodes (Nippotaenia species), and one species of Acanthocephalan (Neoechynorhynchus devdevi). Highest parasite wise prevalence, intensity and relative density of 21.87%, 4.09 and 0.895 was noted for R. schizothoracis while the lowest prevalence, intensity and relative density of 4.16%, 1.25 and 0.052 was noted for N. devdevi. Highest infection of 76.08% was observed in adults host while lowest, 40% infestation rate was observed in young fish samples. 73.68% prevalence was observed in female hosts while only 56.90% prevalence was observed in male individuals. Higher infection (83.33%) was noticed during summer season, while lowest infection (44.44%) was observed during winter season. Similarly 71.79% fishes were found infected that were collected from lower reaches of the River Swat than the fish samples collected from upper reaches (52%).


Resumo O peixe é consumido mundialmente por ser uma fonte rica e barata de carne branca e proteínas. A piscicultura é a principal fonte de geração de renda em todo o mundo. O presente estudo foi conduzido com o objetivo de investigar a fauna ecto e endoparasitária de S. plagiostomus (truta da neve) no rio Swat. Foram coletadas mensalmente 96 amostras de peixes, no período de julho de 2018 a fevereiro de 2019, nos trechos alto, médio e baixo com auxílio de redes de arrasto, redes de mão e varas de pesca. Pescadores locais e especialistas também ajudaram na coleta de peixes. Dos 96 peixes encontrados, 61 estavam infectados por parasitas helmintos. A prevalência de 63,54% e a intensidade total de 2,90 foram observadas durante a análise dos dados. A maior prevalência mensal de 83,33% foi registrada nos meses de julho e agosto, enquanto a menor, de 33,33%, em fevereiro. Cinco espécies de parasitas helmintos foram detectadas de S. plagiostomus, dos quais dois eram trematódeos (espécies Rhabdochona shizothoracis e Rhabdochona), uma espécie de monogenia (Diplozoon paradoxum), uma espécie de cestóideos (espécie Nippotaenia) e uma espécie de acantocéfalo (Neoechynorhynchus devdevi). As maiores prevalências de parasitas (21,87%), intensidade (4,09) e densidade relativa (0,895) foram observadas em R. schizothoracis, enquanto as menores prevalências de parasitas (4,16%), intensidade (1,25) e densidade relativa (0,052), em N. devdevi. A infecção mais alta (76,08%) foi constatada em adultos hospedeiros, ao passo que a taxa de infestação mais baixa (40%) foi encontrada em amostras de peixes jovens. A prevalência de 73,68% foi verificada em hospedeiros do sexo feminino, enquanto a de 56,90%, em indivíduos do sexo masculino. Maior infecção (83,33%) foi observada durante a temporada de verão, e a menor infecção (44,44%), durante o inverno. Da mesma forma, 71,79% dos peixes encontrados infectados foram coletados no trecho baixo do rio Swat, enquanto 52%, no trecho alto.

7.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(1): 48-55, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397850

RESUMO

Dyslipidemia is a common problem in chronic kidney disease patients. Dyslipidemia in chronic kidney disease patients has been known to be a major risk factor of their cardiovascular disease and may contribute to progressive renal dysfunction. The result of the study might be of interest in improving preventive strategies and in management of dyslipidemia in chronic kidney disease patients. This cross sectional study was conducted to evaluate changes in lipid profile in patients with chronic kidney disease stage-3 to stage-5 patients and to correlate the biochemical abnormalities with progression of the disease in Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Bangladesh from October, 2016 to April, 2017. In this study 200 patients were including and subjected to do complete blood count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, random blood sugar, routine examination of urine, serum creatinine and fasting lipid profile. Two hundred (200) patients (134 males, 66 females) with the mean age were 50.5±12.43 years. 44.5% patients were in CKD stage-5, 37.5% patients were in CKD stage-4, 18% patients were in CKD stage-3. Mean value of Triglyceride (TG) was 194±47.20. Eighty nine percent (89%) patient had hyper-triglyceridemia and 11% had normal triglyceride level. It was statistically significant increased in triglyceride level (p<0.05). Mean value of High density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was 34±6.10. Low HDL-C had in 87.5% patients, normal in 12.5% patients and was statistically significant reduction in HDL-C level (p<0.05). Low Density Lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) mean was 113±35.6. High level of LDL-C had optimal/or near optimal in 47% patients, 39% patients had borderline high and 14% patients had that was not statistically significant (p>0.10). Total cholesterol (TC) mean was 212±45.3. In 38% patients had within desirable level, 62% patients had high level of Total cholesterol (TC). It was not statistically significant change (p>0.01).


Assuntos
Dislipidemias , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Adulto , Bangladesh , HDL-Colesterol , Estudos Transversais , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lipídeos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Triglicerídeos
8.
Braz J Biol ; 2020 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32578669

RESUMO

Fish provides main source of high quality protein to more than one billion people in the world. Fish parasites directly affect the productivity of fish and indirectly on human health. This research was aimed to assess the helminth parasites in Schizothorax plagiostomus (the snow trout) from river Panjkora, KP, Pakistan. A total of 88 fish samples (n= 88) were collected from the upper, middle and lower regions of the river through cast nets, hand nets and hooks. All the collected fish samples were examined in the Parasitology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, University of Malakand for helminth parasites during July 2018 to February 2019.Among these fishes nematodes, trematodes, cestodes and acanthocephalan were isolated and identified. Overall prevalence of the fish parasites was 60.22% (53/88). The intensity of the parasite was observed from 1.7% to 4.61%. Highest prevalence was reported in summer season 86.36% while lowest in the winter season 36.36%. This study shows that summer season affects the fish business and result in poor quality fish meat with risk of zoonotic diseases. Adults were highly infected 82.25% while no infection was found in juvenile specimens. Female fish samples had higher prevalence 68.22% than males 48.22%. Fishes of the lower reaches had highest prevalence 60.22% than the upper reaches 40.0%. Fish samples with maximum length and weight were highly 76.92% infected than small sized fish with low body weight. Present study addresses that Rhabdochona schizothoracis in the intestine and Diplozoon paradoxum in gills of snow trout fish has a long term relationship and call as a natural infection in cyprinids and it is zoonotic threat to human.

9.
Braz J Biol ; 2020 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32578670

RESUMO

Fish is consumed as a rich and cheaper source of white meat and proteins all over the world. Fish farming is the leading source of income generation throughout the world. The present research study was conducted with aims to investigate the ecto and endo parasitic fauna of S. plagiostomus (snow trout) in River Swat. A total of 96 fish samples were collected on monthly basis from July-2018 to February-2019, from upper, middle and lower reaches. Fish samples were collected with the help of cast net, hand net and fishing rods. Local fishermen and experts help were also sought out for fish collection. 61 out of 96 fishes were found infected by helminth parasites. The total prevalence and intensity of 63.54% and 2.90 was observed respectively during data analysis. Highest monthly prevalence of 83.33% was recorded during July and August, while lowest prevalence of 33.33% was noted during February. Five species of helminths parasites were detected from S. plagiostomus, of which two were trematodes (Rhabdochona shizothoracis and Rhabdochona species), one species of Monogenia (Diplozoon paraddoxum), one species of Cestodes (Nippotaenia species), and one species of Acanthocephalan (Neoechynorhynchus devdevi). Highest parasite wise prevalence, intensity and relative density of 21.87%, 4.09 and 0.895 was noted for R. schizothoracis while the lowest prevalence, intensity and relative density of 4.16%, 1.25 and 0.052 was noted for N. devdevi. Highest infection of 76.08% was observed in adults host while lowest, 40% infestation rate was observed in young fish samples. 73.68% prevalence was observed in female hosts while only 56.90% prevalence was observed in male individuals. Higher infection (83.33%) was noticed during summer season, while lowest infection (44.44%) was observed during winter season. Similarly 71.79% fishes were found infected that were collected from lower reaches of the River Swat than the fish samples collected from upper reaches (52%).

10.
Mymensingh Med J ; 27(3): 461-466, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30141432

RESUMO

Stroke is defined by abrupt onset of neurologic deficit that is attributable to a focal vascular cause. The clinical manifestations of stroke are highly variable because of the complex anatomy of the brain and its vasculature. Ischaemic cerebrovascular disease accounts for a substantial proportion of all stroke although the proximate cause of most brain infarcts is thrombus formation, atherosclerosis is the chief underlying cause. Elevated blood level of C-reactive protein (CRP) is associated with an increased risk of atherosclerotic vascular disease including stroke. This descriptive, cross sectional study was carried out in the Department of Medicine, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Bangladesh from January 2016 to June 2017 among purposively selected sixty one patients following inclusion and exclusion criteria with a view to estimate the C-reactive protein level among stroke patients. Data were collected through interview, physical examinations and laboratory investigations. Collected data were checked for consistency and completeness. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 17.00 for windows. Most (27.87%) of the patients were in age group 69-79 years. Majority (80.33%) were male. A good number (63.90%) of patients were illiterate. An overwhelming number (90.16%) of patients came from rural area and most (54.10%) were farmers. Significant number (68.86%) of patients came within 10 hours of attack. Majority of the patients (68.85%) had C-reactive protein level raised from base line and had statistical association with acute ischemic stroke. Most (80.95%) of patients with ischaemic stroke had raised level of CRP which was statistically significant. Elevation of CRP in more common in ischaemic stroke than haemorrhagic stroke.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Idoso , Bangladesh , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hemorragias Intracranianas/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/sangue
11.
Oral Dis ; 24(4): 674, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29659135
12.
Mymensingh Med J ; 25(2): 215-20, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27277350

RESUMO

Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability in developed as well as developing countries like Bangladesh. Elevated serum uric acid levels may predict an increased risk for cerebro-vascular (CV) events including stroke. Aim of the study was to measure the serum uric acid level among stroke patients and determine the relationship between serum uric acid level and stroke. This descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out in Department of Medicine, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh to measure serum uric acid level among 102 stroke patients in a period of one year by using non-probability sampling procedure. Finally, collected data were analyzed using SPSS software Version 17.0. It was observed that the mean age of patients was 60.87±8.05 years, of them 80(78.43%) patients were male and the rest 22(21.57%) were female. About 66(64.70%) of respondents were in age group 60 years and above, while 36(35.30%) were in age group 59 years and below. At least 23(22.55%) of stroke patients had elevated serum uric acid with a mean serum uric acid level of 5.18mg/dl and standard deviation 1.26mg/dl. About 23(27.38%) patients in ischemic stroke had elevated serum uric acid whereas 18(100%) patients in hemorrhagic stroke had normal uric acid level. Uric acid level was elevated in ischemic stroke than haemorrhagic stroke patients (p<0.001). High uric acid level may be considered as a risk factor in patients with acute ischemic stroke.


Assuntos
Acidente Vascular Cerebral/sangue , Ácido Úrico/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Bangladesh , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
13.
Oral Dis ; 22(5): 445-53, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27004748

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Thiodigalactoside (TDG), a synthetic inhibitor of ß-galactoside-binding protein (ß-GBP) suppresses tumour growth by inhibiting multiple cancer enhancing activities of ß-GBP. Hence, we attempted to understand whether disruption of ß-GBP functions and indirect inhibition of Treg cells by TDG affect the growth and establishment of oral cancer cells. METHOD: The growth, morphology, cell cycle regulation, apoptosis induction and angiogenesis of oral cancer cell lines (SCC-4, SCC-9, SCC-25) via MACS-purified Treg cells were performed by MTT, propidium iodide (PI) staining, annexin-V-binding assay and ELISA respectively. RESULTS: Treatment with ß-GBP showed growth-promoting effects on Tregs and oral cancer cells. However, the treatment with its inhibitor TDG resulted in inhibition of Treg subsets and also decreased the frequency of IL10(+) and IL35(+) Tregs indicating its immunomodulatory effects. Additionally, TDG treatment significantly (P < 0.001) inhibited the growth of OSCC cells with a concomitant induction of apoptosis, cell cycle arrest and anti-angiogenesis. CONCLUSION: It appears that TDG concurrently prevents many tumour-promoting effects of ß-GBP in oral cancer cells possibly by Treg inhibition. This offers a preclinical proof of the concept that therapeutic targeting of ß-GBP can overcome Treg -mediated tumour promotion and immunosuppression in oral cancer patients.


Assuntos
Indutores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Galectinas/farmacologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Bucais/tratamento farmacológico , Linfócitos T Reguladores/efeitos dos fármacos , Tiogalactosídeos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/irrigação sanguínea , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/imunologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Interleucina-10/imunologia , Interleucinas/imunologia , Neoplasias Bucais/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias Bucais/imunologia , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/patologia
14.
Mymensingh Med J ; 24(3): 578-84, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26329958

RESUMO

Till now pre-eclampsia is a disease of multiple theories. This case control study was carried out in the department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Hospital and Dhaka Medical College Hospital, from January 2006 to December 2007 to determine the association of maternal serum triglyceride with pre-eclampsia. Ninety pregnant women were studied, among them 45 patients were pre-eclamptic and served as case and 45 normal healthy pregnant women served as control. Estimation of serum triglyceride levels of all study patients was done with the help of enzymatic method. The mean (± SD) systolic blood pressure was 152.4 ± 19.8 mmHg in study group and 112.0 ± 8.9 mmHg in control group (p<0.05). Similarly the mean (± SD) diastolic blood pressure was 103.1 ± 12.2 mmHg in case group and 75.5 ± 6.6 mmHg in control group (p<0.05). Serum triglyceride level was more than the normal reference value in pre-eclamptic group. The mean (± SD) serum triglyceride level was 242.9 ± 36.8 mg/dl in case group and 184.6 ± 12.5mg/dl in control group. Statistically the difference was significant (p<0.05). The level of serum triglyceride positively correlated with the rise of blood pressure and degree of albuminuria. Thus serum triglyceride level increase in pre-eclampsia and the level correlate with the severity of the disease.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Pré-Eclâmpsia/sangue , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Adulto , Albuminúria , Bangladesh , Pressão Sanguínea , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Gravidez , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez
15.
Oral Dis ; 21(1): e105-13, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24654917

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells are unique subset of glycolipid-reactive T lymphocytes with potent antitumour characteristics. This study was planned to understand Th-like cytokine profiles of iNKT-cell subsets and modulation of their functions in response to glycolipid ligand and tumour cell lysate (TL). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Cytokine profile of iNKT-cell subsets was evaluated from the peripheral blood of eight oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients by flow cytometry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), while antitumour activity of iNKT cells was measured by methyl tetrazolium salt assay. RESULTS: CD4(+) (CD4(+) CD8(-)) iNKT subset from OSCC patients showed significant (P < 0.01) expansion and higher IL-4 production following activation with α-GalCer-pulsed DCs, while CD4(-) CD8(-) double negative (DN) and CD8(+) (CD4(-) CD8(+) iNKT subsets produced IFN-γ predominantly. iNKT cells showed significantly (P = 0.02) increased secretion of IFN-γ and enhanced cytotoxicity to KB and SCC-4 tumour cells in response to α-GalCer and TL-pulsed DCs. CONCLUSION: It appears that mutual balance/ratio of iNKT subsets may be important for their effector functions. Selectively expanded DN and CD8(+) iNKT cells with α-GalCer and TL may be a better candidate vaccine for iNKT-cell-based adoptive cancer immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Células Dendríticas/fisiologia , Neoplasias Bucais/imunologia , Células T Matadoras Naturais/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/imunologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Citocinas/fisiologia , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Interferon gama/fisiologia , Interleucina-4/fisiologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos/fisiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Células T Matadoras Naturais/imunologia
16.
J Clin Diagn Res ; 8(9): ZD09-11, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25386536

RESUMO

Chondrosarcoma (CS) is an uncommon malignant mesenchymal tumour showing cartilaginous differentiation which rarely presents in the jaws. CS represents 10-20% of all malignant bone tumours and less than 5% of tumours in head and neck region. Among the infrequent subtypes of CS, dedifferentiated CS is a sinister variant that presents with singular features and has extremely poor prognosis. We report a unique case of dedifferentiated CS that presented in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) with extra articular involvement of the infratemporal space. This high grade CS is reviewed due to its rarity and the dentist is implored to take this variant into account when considering the differential diagnosis of destructive TMJ lesions.

17.
Mymensingh Med J ; 23(1): 150-3, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24584389

RESUMO

Carcinoid tumors are well differentiated neuroendochrine tumors which most frequently involve the gastrointestinal tract; however duodenal carcinoid tumors are rare. They can present with various clinical symptoms and are difficult to diagnose. A 52 years old lady presented with the symptoms of recurrent upper abdominal pain, burning sensation of whole body and passage of loose stool. On endoscopy of upper GIT, there was a duodenal polyp. Polyp was removed by endoscopic resection and tissue was taken for biopsy. Histological findings of biopsy specimen shows carcinoid tumor. As duodenal carcinoid tumor is a rare presentation so we are going to present this case in this article.


Assuntos
Tumor Carcinoide/diagnóstico , Tumor Carcinoide/cirurgia , Neoplasias Duodenais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Duodenais/cirurgia , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/métodos , Neoplasias Intestinais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Intestinais/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
18.
Scand J Immunol ; 78(5): 468-77, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23980793

RESUMO

Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells are glycolipid-reactive T lymphocytes that share receptors and function with natural killer (NK) cells and reportedly play a pivotal role in various immune responses. However, iNKT cells are not well characterized in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). We investigated the populations and functions of circulating iNKT (CD3(+) 6B11(+) ) cells from thirty-eight patients with OSCC and twenty-eight healthy donors by flow cytometry. Circulating iNKT cells were significantly lower (P < 0.01) in patients as compared to those in healthy controls. Further, iNKT subsets revealed a marked decrease in CD4(-) CD8(-) (double negative, DN) subset with concomitant increase in CD8(+) subset in patients as compared to healthy controls (P = 0.03 and P < 0.01, respectively), whereas CD4(+) subset was similarly distributed in both groups. The functional analysis demonstrated that residual iNKT cells from patients had impaired proliferative response to α-galactosylceramide (α-GalCer)-pulsed dendritic cells (DCs) and Th2-like cytokine profile. However, in vitro activation with α-GalCer-pulsed DCs restores IFN-γ expression and enhances antitumour activity to human cancer cells lines (SCC-4, KB and MCF7). It appears that the selectively enriched iNKT subsets and modulation of their function by specific ligand/agonist may be useful for cellular therapy in patients with OSCC. Further, reduced levels of iNKT cells and its DN subset may be used as potential prognostic factors for patients with OSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Neoplasias Bucais/imunologia , Células T Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Galactosilceramidas , Humanos , Interferon gama/biossíntese , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
19.
Mymensingh Med J ; 22(1): 170-2, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23416826

RESUMO

A 10 year old boy with mucinous carcinoma of rectum is a rare case at this age. Here the patient presented with constipation, mucus in stool & abdominal pain since one month. He got consultation from several physicians & went through sonology of whole abdomen several times. There he was missed diagnosed as a case of pyloric stenosis. We came to a probable diagnosis by doing simple digital rectal examination which seemed to be a hard rectal swelling. The diagnosis was established by colonoscopy followed by biopsy. Carcinoma rectum must be considered as a differential diagnosis if patient presents with altered bowel habit, per rectal bleeding, abdominal pain in conjunction with weight loss.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Retais/diagnóstico , Criança , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Exame Retal Digital , Humanos , Masculino , Estenose Pilórica/diagnóstico
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