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1.
Med Teach ; : 1-6, 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393144

RESUMO

Investment in healthcare infrastructure in resource-limited settings is a vital and cost-effective approach for diminishing world-wide disease burden, increasing quality of life, and lengthening life expectancy. Graduate medical trainees enthusiastically express interest in supporting global health efforts that expand healthcare access and capacity in resource-limited settings. Academic institutions are responding by developing training programs to equip graduate medical trainees with the technical, interpersonal, scholastic, and ethical skillsets necessary for the pursuit of global health efforts. Drawn from real-world experience and current literature, the following twelve tips will strengthen a global health curriculum in graduate medical training programs with dedicated global health education.

2.
J Pediatr Urol ; 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32299766

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: While evaluation and management options for classic bladder exstrophy (CBE) patients are numerous and varied, little is known regarding the relative utilization of these different methods throughout the world. A large group of exstrophy surgeons practicing globally was surveyed, seeking to document their methods of care. METHODS: A list of international exstrophy surgeons' email addresses was compiled using professional contacts and referral networking. An online survey was sent to each email address. Surgeons who had not performed a CBE closure within the previous 5 years were excluded. Survey questions queried the respondents' surgical practice type, years since training, and their preferred methods of preoperative evaluation, operative management, and postoperative management. Survey invitations were sent out starting in December 2014 and responses were collected for approximately 6 months. RESULTS: A total of 1152 valid email addresses were invited, resulting in 293 respondents (25%) from 39 countries and every American Urological Association (AUA) section. Seventy-six were excluded, leaving 217 respondents (Table). Respondents reported a median of 17 years since finishing their surgical training (IQR 8-25 years). Practice types included pediatric urology (n = 209), general urology (n = 9), pediatric surgery (n = 59), and other practice makeup (n = 3). On subgroup analyses, there were no significant regional practice differences, with the exception of complete primary repair of exstrophy (CPRE) and oral opioid prescribing being significantly higher in North America compared to other regions. DISCUSSION: Findings indicate that there may be diversity in CBE practice patterns globally. While most responding surgeons from regions outside of North America indicated modern staged repair of exstrophy (MSRE) as their preferred closure technique, a relatively equal distribution of respondents from North America selected CPRE and MSRE. A majority of North American surgeons chose performing osteotomies for both newborn and delayed closures, while an appreciable number of respondents from other regions selected never using osteotomies in their closures. Limitations to this study include a low survey response rate, particularly from surgeons outside of the United States, which may have significantly impacted the ability to draw meaningful global comparisons. CONCLUSIONS: Global variation among practices of surgeons performing CBE closures may exist. The wide range of methods demonstrated by this survey suggests the need for more conclusive comparative studies to elucidate whether an optimal standard exists. Local social factors, access to surgical expertise and transportation to referral centers, and finances play a role in what constitutes the best operative approach.

3.
Vet Ophthalmol ; 23(3): 579-587, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237209

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report the surgical excision of an iridociliary adenoma and iridal melanocytoma using a postero-anterior cyclo-iridectomy in two dogs. PROCEDURE: A 7 year old neutered male English springer spaniel (case 1) and a 7 year old neutered male Labrador mix (case 2) were presented for evaluation of an intrairidal mass OS. RESULTS: Complete ophthalmic examination revealed a large, dorsonasal, well-demarcated, intrairidal mass OS. A tan to pink intrairidal mass extending into the iridocorneal angle (case 1) and a pigmented intrairidal mass (case 2) were present. B-mode ultrasonography showed a focal, soft tissue, homogenous mass within the uvea adjacent to and contacting the lens. Neither pars plana involvement nor vitreal extension was present. A postero-anterior cyclo-iridectomy was performed through a polyhedral scleral flap. Thermocautery was used to complete the cyclo-iridectomy (case 1) and partial iridectomy (case 2) to excise the mass en bloc. Histopathology revealed a completely excised iridociliary adenoma (case 1) and iris melanocytoma (case 2). The surgery sites healed without complication. Mild uveitis (cases 1 and 2), scant vitreal hemorrhage (case 1), and mild hyphema (case 2) were present three days postoperatively but had resolved ten days postoperatively. The patients remain visual twenty-two months (case 1) and seven months (case 2) postoperatively with a normal intraocular examination other than an iridal defect and mild dorsonasal lens capsular opacities. CONCLUSIONS: The surgical approach described in these cases is utilized in physician-based medicine. This approach and the use of thermocautery provide a viable surgical option for excision of large iridociliary tumors in dogs.

4.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 153: 110975, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32275533

RESUMO

Titanium (Ti), used in many dailyuse products, such as shampoos and sunscreen filters, in the form of TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs), may elicit adverse marine biota effects. Marine mammal Ti data is scarce, and subcellular distribution and detoxification information is non-existent. Ti concentrations and metalloprotein detoxification in Pontoporia blainvillei and Steno bredanensis dolphins from Southeastern Brazil were assessed. Metallothionein (MT) concentrations were determined spectrophotometrically, total and subcellular Ti, by ICP-MS and detoxification, by HPLC-ICP-MS. Ti detoxification occurred through MT complexation. Statistical Ti-MT associations were observed in S. bredanensis liver, indicating TiO2 NPs contamination, as Ti binds to MT only as NPs. MT-Ti correlations were observed for both the coastal (P. blainvillei) and offshore (S. bredanensis) dolphins, evidencing oceanic TiO2 diffusion. Ti detoxification through binding to reduced glutathione occurred in both species. Thermostable subcellular fractions are a valuable tool for cetacean Ti detoxification assessments and should be applied to conservation efforts.

5.
Med J Aust ; 212(8): 365-370, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32167586

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess progress in Australia toward the 2030 WHO hepatitis C elimination targets two years after the introduction of highly effective direct-acting antiviral (DAA) treatments. DESIGN: Analysis of quarterly data on government-subsidised hepatitis C RNA testing and hepatitis C treatment in Australia, January 2013 - June 2018. Changes in testing and treatment levels associated with DAA availability were assessed in an autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) statistical model, and the impact by 2030 of different levels of testing and treatment were estimated using a mathematical model. MAJOR OUTCOME MEASURES: Hepatitis C prevalence among people who inject drugs; annual hepatitis C incidence relative to 2015 levels; projections for the hepatitis C care cascade in 2030. RESULTS: The mean annual number of treatments initiated for people with hepatitis C increased from 6747 during 2013-2015 (before the introduction of DAAs) to 28 022 during 2016-18; the mean annual number of diagnostic RNA tests increased from 17 385 to 23 819. If current trends in testing and treatment continue (ie, 2018 testing numbers are maintained but treatment numbers decline by 50%), it is projected that by 2030 only 72% of infected people would be treated (by 2025 all people diagnosed with hepatitis C would be treated). The incidence of hepatitis C in 2030 would be 59% lower than in 2015, well short of the WHO target of an 80% reduction. The identification and testing of people exposed to hepatitis C must be increased by at least 50% for Australia to reach the WHO elimination targets. CONCLUSION: Hepatitis C elimination programs in Australia should focus on increasing testing rates and linkage with care to maintain adequate levels of treatment.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32168419

RESUMO

A simple, repeatable and inexpensive laboratory practice applied to teach and discuss aquatic metal pollution and oxidative stress detoxification mechanisms through biomarker analyses, as well as important ecotoxicology concepts, is presented herein. It has been implemented in a university in Brazil to both undergraduate and Master's and PhD students, indicating usefulness to all these levels. Students learned to detect metallothionein and reduced glutathione concentrations in biological samples and investigate several variables of interest in biomonitoring assessments. In addition, statistical correlations were used to indicate the potential dual role played by MT in aquatic organisms, allowing for biological inferences regarding both aquatic metal pollution and oxidative stress detoxification mechanisms and maturing of ecotoxicological and biomonitoring concepts discussed and presented both theoretically and integrated to the laboratory findings.

7.
Chemosphere ; 250: 126228, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114339

RESUMO

The recently described Squalus albicaudus is a mesopredator shark and, as such, exposed to mercury biomagnification processes. Therefore, this study aimed to assess total Hg (THg) concentrations in S. albicaudus, a deep-water species, sampled off Southeastern Brazil and discuss ecological, reproductive, human consumption and conservation implications. Thirty-two individuals were sampled off the coast of Rio de Janeiro, including 13 gravid females carrying 34 embryos. Muscle THg concentrations were higher in all sex classes compared to liver, gonads and brain. The last three, in turn, presented THg concentrations above toxic biota thresholds. Significant correlations were observed between muscle and brain and liver, indicating systemic Hg contamination and inter-organ transport and distribution. In addition, correlations observed between organs strongly support efficient Hg blood-brain barrier crossing and maternal transfer. Maternal THg transfer was observed, with embryo THg also above toxic thresholds for fish. THg levels in muscle and liver, as well as embryos, were higher compared to other Squalus species worldwide. Hg contamination off the coast of Rio de Janeiro is of significant concern and should be further assessed. Potential human consumption risks are noted, as muscle THg concentrations were above maximum permissible levels set by regulatory agencies.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Mercúrio/metabolismo , Squalus/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Animais , Brasil , Cação (Peixe) , Ecologia , Feminino , Peixes , Mercúrio/análise , Músculos/química , Alimentos Marinhos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
8.
J Viral Hepat ; 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187431

RESUMO

An increasing number of countries are committing to meet the World Health Organization (WHO) targets to eliminate hepatitis C virus (HCV) as a public health threat by 2030. These include service coverage targets (90% diagnosed and 80% of diagnosed patients treated) and impact targets (80% and 65% reductions in incidence and mortality, respectively, compared to 2015 levels). Currently, a dozen countries are on track to reach 2030 WHO HCV targets. However, while striving for the WHO targets is important, it should be recognized that progress on impact targets is derived from mathematical models projecting decreases in incidence and mortality on a global scale. Despite HCV treatment access in many counties for a number of years, limited empirical data are available to evaluate progress towards elimination. In some countries, substantial incidence and mortality reductions based on reaching the WHO service coverage targets may be unachievable. For example, in countries with ageing hepatitis C-infected populations, even if they have a quality hepatitis C response, high hepatitis C-related morbidity at baseline may not be reversible even with increased HCV treatment uptake and diagnosis. Finally, WHO targets are not necessarily easily or reliably measurable. Measuring relative impact targets requires high-quality data at baseline (ie 2015) and longitudinal data to assess temporal trends. In this commentary, we propose alternative additional measures to track progress on reducing the HCV burden, offer examples where the WHO targets may not be informative or achievable, and potential practical solutions.

9.
Child Abuse Negl ; 102: 104391, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32018214

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We examined the perspectives of child and family-serving professionals (CFSP) and state policymakers on protective factors to develop policy and program recommendations including current and needed approaches for addressing ACEs. METHODS: In 2018, we conducted semi-structured, in-depth interviews with 23 CFSP and 24 state policymakers in South Carolina. Data were analyzed applying the Multiple Streams Theory using thematic analyses. RESULTS: CFSPs and policymakers had varying opinions on state government involvement and primary prevention for ACEs. Three protective factors emerged from their perspectives: 1) loving, trusting, and nurturing relationships; 2) safe home environments; and 3) opportunities to thrive. For each of these protective factors, participants suggested policy options that support existing community efforts, attempt to alleviate poverty, and improve child and family serving systems. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that CFSPs and policymakers recognize the importance of protective factors in a child's life to buffer the effect of ACEs. More awareness is needed about the feasibility and significance of primary prevention of ACEs. The study's findings can be used to strengthen advocacy priorities for a wide range of public health outcomes associated with ACEs and help further bridge the gap between research and policy.

10.
Dev Psychol ; 56(5): 982-992, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32105119

RESUMO

Ethnic identity is a consistent predictor of positive youth adjustment, whereas discrimination has been associated with negative outcomes among Latino/a youth. Scholars have proposed associations between ethnic identity and discrimination; however, directionality of effects remains unclear. Addressing this gap, the current study examined the directional relationship between ethnic identity and discrimination and their effects on psychosocial functioning utilizing a random-intercept cross-lagged model spanning 3 waves of data among 1,613 Latino/a adolescents (Mage = 13.99, SD = .40 at baseline; 51.2% female). Results support a bidirectional association between ethnic identity and discrimination. Specifically, adolescents who reported higher levels of perceived discrimination reported higher levels of ethnic identity exploration 1 year later. Further, higher levels of ethnic identity belonging predicted more reported discrimination 1 year later. No differences in the longitudinal associations between ethnic identity and discrimination were found based on generational status. More experiences of discrimination were also associated with more alcohol and cigarette use and more depressive symptoms. Additionally, ethnic identity belonging was indirectly associated with increased substance use and depressive symptoms via elevated discrimination experiences. Implications for promoting coping strategies for perceived discrimination in efforts to promote ethnic identity are discussed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048802

RESUMO

The rupture of a mining dam in southeastern Brazil in 2015 was the country's greatest environmental tragedy. In order to evaluate the ecological risks of the mine tailings on the Rio Doce estuary, this study assessed trace metal contamination and sediment quality indices up to 2.9 y after the dam rupture. Surface sediments were collected from 17 stations on the Rio Doce estuary and Cd, Pb, Cr, Zn, Cu, and As concentrations were determined by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). Four ecological risk indices (modified contamination degree [mCd], pollution load index [PLI], risk index [RI], and sediment quality guideline quotient [SQG-Q]) suggest a high risk by metal contamination with possible adverse biological effects, with moderate seasonal variability. Based on a precautionary approach, our results support fisheries closures and the need for public health monitoring in the affected areas, and support other studies that suggest chronic metal contamination of the Rio Doce estuary. Integr Environ Assess Manag 2020;00:1-6. © 2020 SETAC.

13.
Am J Health Promot ; 34(2): 189-197, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597439

RESUMO

PURPOSE: As adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) become increasingly recognized as a root cause of unhealthy behaviors, researchers, practitioners, and legislators seek to understand policy strategies to prevent and mitigate its effects. Given the high prevalence of ACEs, policies that address ACEs can meaningfully prevent disease in adulthood and improve population health. We sought to understand barriers and opportunities for policies to prevent and mitigate ACEs by exploring state legislator perspectives. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four current state legislators in South Carolina. DESIGN: In 2018, we conducted semistructured interviews with 24 state legislators. Participants were recruited using maximum variation sampling. The researchers individually analyzed each interview transcript using focused coding qualitative techniques. A high inter-rater agreement was demonstrated (κ = .76 to .87), and discrepancies were resolved through discussion. METHOD: The data collection and analysis were guided by Multiple Streams Theory, which identifies 3 key components (attention to the problem, decisions about policy options, and the impact of political landscape) that can lead windows of opportunity for passing policies. RESULTS: Legislators identified several factors that can influence the passage of legislation on ACEs: awareness of ACEs; gaps in understanding about what can be done about ACEs; the use of data and stories that contextualize the problem of ACEs; capitalizing on the bipartisanship of children's issues; and linking to current ACEs-related issues on the policy agenda, such as school safety and violence prevention and the opioid epidemic. CONCLUSION: Public health researchers and practitioners should focus on the factors identified to advocate for policies that prevent ACEs and/or address their health consequences.

14.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(4): 3798-3814, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31613002

RESUMO

The first-line chemotherapy treatment for Glioblastoma (GBM) - the most aggressive and frequent brain tumor - is temozolomide (TMZ). The Sonic hedgehog (SHH) pathway is involved with GBM tumorigenesis and TMZ chemoresistance. The role of SHH pathway inhibition in the potentiation of TMZ's effects using T98G, U251, and GBM11 cell lines is investigated herein. The combination of GANT-61 and TMZ over 72 hr suggested a synergistic effect. All TMZ-resistant cell lines displayed a significant decrease in cell viability, increased DNA fragmentation and loss of membrane integrity. For T98G cells, G2 /M arrest was observed, while U251 cells presented a significant increase in reactive oxygen species production and catalase activity. All the cell lines presented acidic vesicles formation correlated to Beclin-1 overexpression. The combined treatment also enhanced GLI1 expression, indicating the presence of select resistant cells. The selective inhibition of the SHH pathway potentiated the cytotoxic effect of TMZ, thus becoming a promising in vitro strategy for GBM treatment.

15.
Urology ; 136: e1-e2, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31758982

RESUMO

Posterior urethral valves (PUVs) present clinically across a varied spectrum, ranging from severe obstruction with massive distension of the bladder and upper urinary tracts in the fetus, to a much more indolent course with minor secondary changes in the young or older child. Type III (diaphragm) PUVs are relatively uncommon, and are associated with difficulty in passing a transurethral catheter into the bladder as well as smooth dilation of the bladder. The following case examines the unusual experiences of both diagnosing PUVs in a teenager, and capturing visual evidence of type III valves during cystourethroscopy.


Assuntos
Obstrução Uretral/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Cistoscopia , Humanos , Masculino
16.
J Environ Manage ; 256: 109932, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31818742

RESUMO

Few studies have examined the influence of reservoir hydrodynamics on the water quality of its limnological zones. In this study, the relationships between the operational phases and the water quality of the limnological zones were assessed for the Amazonian reservoir Tucuruí. Limnological zones were clustered by means of an artificial neural network technique, and inputs used were water quality variables, measured at twelve stations between 2006 and 2016. Generalized Linear Models (GLMs) were then used to identify the influence of the operational phases of the reservoir on the water quality of its limnological zones. The GLM with a gamma-distributed response variable indicated that Chlorophyll-a concentrations in the riverine and transitional zones differed notably from those observed in the lacustrine zone. Chlorophyll-a concentrations were significantly lower during the operational falling water phase than in the low water phase (p < 0.05). The GLM with an inverse Gaussian-distributed response variable indicated that Secchi depth was significantly lower in the riverine than in the lacustrine limnological zone (p < 0.05). Our results suggest that more eutrophic conditions occur during the operational rising water phase, and that the area most vulnerable to eutrophication is the transitional zone. We demonstrate that the use of GLMs is suitable for determining areas and operational phases most vulnerable to eutrophication. We envisage that this information will be useful to decision-makers when monitoring the water quality of hydroelectric reservoirs with dendritic patterns and dynamic operational phases.


Assuntos
Hidrodinâmica , Qualidade da Água , Clorofila , Clorofila A , Monitoramento Ambiental , Eutrofização , Fósforo
18.
Urology ; 137: 146-151, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887351

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore a series of classic bladder exstrophy (CBE) cases referred to the authors' institution where primary closure with penile disassembly epispadias repair was complicated by penile injury. The penile disassembly technique is frequently combined with bladder closure in patients with CBE undergoing the complete primary repair of exstrophy (CPRE). Penile disassembly has been posited as a risk for penile injury by ischemic mechanisms. METHODS: A prospectively-maintained institutional database of 1337 exstrophy-epispadias complex patients was reviewed for CPRE cases referred to the authors' institution, and those with injury to the penis were identified. The location, extent of injury, and subsequent management is reported. RESULTS: One hundred and thirteen male CBE patients were referred after prior CPRE. Twenty-six (20%) were identified with penile loss and reviewed. Eighty-one percent were closed in the neonatal period, and 54% had a pelvic osteotomy. Median follow-up time was 9.9 years (range 0.6-21.3). Of 26 patients with penile loss, 77% had unilateral loss and in 23% had bilateral loss involving the glans and/or one or both corpora cavernosa. Three patients were successfully managed with myocutaneous neophalloplasty. CONCLUSION: Complete penile disassembly during bladder exstrophy closure may lead to penile injury. This major complication questions the continued application of complete penile disassembly in the reconstruction of bladder exstrophy.


Assuntos
Extrofia Vesical/cirurgia , Epispadia/cirurgia , Complicações Intraoperatórias , Doenças do Pênis , Pênis , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos , Atrofia , Criança , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Complicações Intraoperatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Intraoperatórias/cirurgia , Masculino , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Doenças do Pênis/diagnóstico , Doenças do Pênis/etiologia , Doenças do Pênis/cirurgia , Pênis/irrigação sanguínea , Pênis/lesões , Pênis/patologia , Pênis/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Reoperação/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/métodos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Sci Total Environ ; 702: 134809, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715393

RESUMO

Problem-based learning (PBL) is a protagonist of constructivism widely used successfully in higher education. PBL is a learner-centered instructional and curricular approach that can use real problems for the development of the teaching and learning process. On the other hand, the complexity of knowledge of Ecotoxicology, as well as the importance of this field for Environmental Health and society demand reflections and proposals for the training of professionals who work in this field. Therefore, in accordance with the principles of PBL, this strategy can effectively contribute to the training and professional practice of ecotoxicologists. We report herein the importance of the principles of PBL for the training of ecotoxicologists, including the discussion of a case study using fish biomarkers for the development of this teaching strategy. Teaching ecotoxicology through PBL principles allowed students to develop several advantages for Ecotoxicology training through the discussion of an authentic, real life problem that engaged them in its discussion, functioning as a stimulus for learning. The students were able to develop laboratory skills, group work competences, understand basic concepts and fundamentals of Ecotoxicology and become empowered regarding skills and competences for future practice.

20.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(3): 3473-3482, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845240

RESUMO

Although significantly impacted, Guanabara Bay (GB), located in southeastern Brazil, is still an important fishery source for the state of Rio de Janeiro. Hg contamination, in particular, is of concern in the area and should be regularly monitored, as Hg bioaccumulation and biomagnification processes may lead public health risks to the local human population due to the consumption of contaminated food items, such as crabs. In this context, the aim of the present study was to determine total Hg (THg) concentrations in swimming crabs from three GB areas and investigate the influence of biotic and abiotic factors on Hg concentrations at the beginning and the end of the rainy season. Crabs and water samples were obtained from three areas, inside the bay, at the mouth of the bay and outside the bay. A clear rainfall effect on the investigated abiotic variables was observed, with increased rainfall and temperatures noted at the end of the study period. Significant statistical correlations were observed between THg concentrations and the assessed abiotic variables at the three study points at the beginning and end of the rainy season. The rainy season was noted as directly affecting THg concentrations at Guanabara Bay and, consequently, swimming crab THg contents. THg concentrations in swimming crabs at Urca and at the Cagarras Islands were higher at the beginning of the rainy season compared to the end, while the opposite was observed for the sampling point outside the bay. Higher Hg concentrations were detected at the outermost point of the bay in relation to the Cagarras Islands, probably due to the local upwelling event. THg values in Callinectes sp. were higher than concentrations reported for other areas in Brazil but lower than other reports worldwide. Calculated THg intakes surpassed the maximum National Research Council permissible limits of 0.049 mg/week at all sampling stations during both seasons, raising public health concerns. Further research for longer monitoring periods during different seasons are essential to ascertain which climatic period is most critical regarding Hg availability at this anthropogenically-impacted estuary.


Assuntos
Braquiúros , Monitoramento Ambiental , Mercúrio , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Brasil , Estuários , Humanos , Estações do Ano , Natação
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