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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32453899

RESUMO

There are a large number of zeolites, such as ITH, that cannot be prepared in the aluminosilicate form. Now, the successful synthesis of aluminosilicate ITH zeolite using a simple cationic oligomer as an organic template is presented. Key to the success is that the cationic oligomer has a strong complexation ability with aluminum species combined with a structural directing ability for the ITH structure similar to that of the conventional organic template. The aluminosilicate ITH zeolite has very high crystallinity, nanosheet-like crystal morphology, large surface area, fully four-coordinated Al species, and abundant acidic sites. Methanol-to-propylene (MTP) tests reveal that the Al-ITH zeolite shows much higher selectivity for propylene and longer lifetime than commercial ZSM-5. FCC tests show that Al-ITH zeolite is a good candidate as a shape-selective FCC additive for enhancing propylene and butylene selectivity.

2.
Nature ; 578(7794): 256-260, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051599

RESUMO

Prussian blue analogues (PBAs) are a diverse family of microporous inorganic solids, known for their gas storage ability1, metal-ion immobilization2, proton conduction3, and stimuli-dependent magnetic4,5, electronic6 and optical7 properties. This family of materials includes the double-metal cyanide catalysts8,9 and the hexacyanoferrate/hexacyanomanganate battery materials10,11. Central to the various physical properties of PBAs is their ability to reversibly transport mass, a process enabled by structural vacancies. Conventionally presumed to be random12,13, vacancy arrangements are crucial because they control micropore-network characteristics, and hence the diffusivity and adsorption profiles14,15. The long-standing obstacle to characterizing the vacancy networks of PBAs is the inaccessibility of single crystals16. Here we report the growth of single crystals of various PBAs and the measurement and interpretation of their X-ray diffuse scattering patterns. We identify a diversity of non-random vacancy arrangements that is hidden from conventional crystallographic powder analysis. Moreover, we explain this unexpected phase complexity in terms of a simple microscopic model that is based on local rules of electroneutrality and centrosymmetry. The hidden phase boundaries that emerge demarcate vacancy-network polymorphs with very different micropore characteristics. Our results establish a foundation for correlated defect engineering in PBAs as a means of controlling storage capacity, anisotropy and transport efficiency.

3.
Chem Sci ; 10(18): 4868-4875, 2019 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31183037

RESUMO

Double metal cyanides (DMCs) are well known, industrially applied catalysts for ring opening polymerization reactions. In recent years, they have been studied for a variety of catalytic reactions, as well as other applications, such as energy storage and Cs sorption. Herein, a new, layered DMC phase (L-DMC), Zn2[Co(CN)6](CH3COO)·4H2O, was synthesized. The structure, which crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21/m, consists of positively charged {Zn2Co(CN)6}+ DMC layers linked through acetate groups and presents a new layered structure to the family of double metal cyanides. L-DMC proved to be a reusable and stable catalyst that exhibited a higher activity than the benchmark DMC catalyst in two important applications: hydroamination of phenylacetylene with 4-isopropylaniline and polymerization of 1,2-epoxyhexane.

4.
Dalton Trans ; 48(12): 3946-3954, 2019 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30829365

RESUMO

The occurrence of metal ion exchange in Zn3[Co(CN)6]2 and Cu3[Co(CN)6]2 Prussian blue analogues (Zn-Co and Cu-Co PBAs) was demonstrated for the first time. While Cu(ii) ion exchange easily occurs in Zn-Co PBA, the exchange of Cu(ii) atoms in Cu-Co PBA by Zn(ii) proved to be more difficult. At low to medium Cu(ii) loadings, the catalytic activity of the exchanged PBAs for the A3 coupling reaction of benzaldehyde, piperidine and phenylacetylene was higher than that of the bimetallic PBAs and that of multi metal PBAs of similar composition prepared by co-precipitation. This result showcases the benefits of the ion exchange process as a preparation method of PBA catalysts, since it is believed to lead to the incorporation of the desired metal in a more accessible position for reactant molecules. At higher Cu(ii) loadings, ion exchange with Cu(CH3COO)2·H2O also resulted in co-incorporation of CH3COO-. This incorporation considerably boosted the catalytic activity of the PBAs by providing a basic function that facilitates the C-H activation of phenylacetylene. The most active of the studied PBAs, catallytically outperforms other Cu(ii) based A3 coupling catalysts and completely suppresses the activity for the homocoupling of phenylacetylene, even under oxidative conditions. Furthermore, the basicity of the PBAs was investigated in the nitroaldol (Henry) reaction, where a clear effect of the presence of CH3COO- was observed. The CH3COO- containing PBAs exhibited an activity three times higher than the rest of the PBAs. The presence of the basic CH3COO- groups represents the first case of basic functionalization of PBAs.

5.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 54(47): 13912-7, 2015 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26404186

RESUMO

The synthesis of titanium-carboxylate metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) is hampered by the high reactivity of the commonly employed alkoxide precursors. Herein, we present an innovative approach to titanium-based MOFs by the use of titanocene dichloride to synthesize COK-69, the first breathing Ti MOF, which is built up from trans-1,4-cyclohexanedicarboxylate linkers and an unprecedented [Ti(IV)3(µ3-O)(O)2(COO)6] cluster. The photoactive properties of COK-69 were investigated in depth by proton-coupled electron-transfer experiments, which revealed that up to one Ti(IV) center per cluster can be photoreduced to Ti(III) while preserving the structural integrity of the framework. The electronic structure of COK-69 was determined by molecular modeling, and a band gap of 3.77 eV was found.

6.
ChemSusChem ; 8(2): 345-52, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25470619

RESUMO

The oxidative decarboxylation of amino acids to nitriles was achieved in aqueous solution by in situ halide oxidation using catalytic amounts of tungstate exchanged on a [Ni,Al] layered double hydroxide (LDH), NH4 Br, and H2 O2 as the terminal oxidant. Both halide oxidation and oxidative decarboxylation were facilitated by proximity effects between the reactants and the LDH catalyst. A wide range of amino acids was converted with high yields, often >90 %. The nitrile selectivity was excellent, and the system is compatible with amide, alcohol, and in particular carboxylic acid, amine, and guanidine functional groups after appropriate neutralization. This heterogeneous catalytic system was applied successfully to convert a protein-rich byproduct from the starch industry into useful bio-based N-containing chemicals.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/química , Nitrilos/química , Catálise , Descarboxilação , Glutens/química , Hidrólise , Oxirredução , Triticum/química
8.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 48(94): 11549-51, 2012 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23093006

RESUMO

A ferrierite-type layered aluminosilicate, Al-RUB-36, was prepared for the first time and its interlayer expansion resulted in new zeolite catalysts denoted Al-COE-3 and Al-COE-4. Decane hydroconversion tests demonstrated the highly active and shape-selective nature of the new Al-COE-4 catalyst with an unprecedented isomerization yield, highlighting the potential of this material as a hydroisomerization catalyst. This is the first report on achieving shape-selectivity via interlayer expansion.

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