Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 12 de 12
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Tipo de estudo
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Hum Genet ; 138(11-12): 1409-1417, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31748968

RESUMO

Pelizaeus-Merzbacher-like disease (PMLD) is an autosomal recessive hypomyelinating leukodystrophy, which is clinically and radiologically similar to X-linked Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD). PMLD is characterized by early-onset nystagmus, delayed development (motor delay, speech delay and dysarthria), dystonia, hypotonia typically evolving into spasticity, ataxia, seizures, optic atrophy, and diffuse leukodystrophy on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We identified a 12-year-old Caucasian/Hispanic male with the classical clinical characteristics of PMLD with lack of myelination of the subcortical white matter, and absence of the splenium of corpus callosum. Exome sequencing in the trio revealed novel compound heterozygous pathogenic mutations in SNAP29 (p.Leu119AlafsX15, c.354DupG and p.0?, c.2T > C). Quantitative analysis of the patient's blood cells through RNA sequencing identified a significant decrease in SNAP29 mRNA expression, while western blot analysis on fibroblast cells revealed a lack of protein expression compared to parental and control cells. Mutations in SNAP29 have previously been associated with cerebral dysgenesis, neuropathy, ichthyosis, and keratoderma (CEDNIK) syndrome. Typical skin features described in CEDNIK syndrome, such as generalized ichthyosis and keratoderma, were absent in our patient. Moreover, the early onset nystagmus and leukodystrophy were consistent with a PMLD diagnosis. These findings suggest that loss of SNAP29 function, which was previously associated with CEDNIK syndrome, is also associated with PMLD. Overall, our study expands the genetic spectrum of PMLD.

2.
Am J Hum Genet ; 105(3): 509-525, 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422817

RESUMO

The human RNA helicase DDX6 is an essential component of membrane-less organelles called processing bodies (PBs). PBs are involved in mRNA metabolic processes including translational repression via coordinated storage of mRNAs. Previous studies in human cell lines have implicated altered DDX6 in molecular and cellular dysfunction, but clinical consequences and pathogenesis in humans have yet to be described. Here, we report the identification of five rare de novo missense variants in DDX6 in probands presenting with intellectual disability, developmental delay, and similar dysmorphic features including telecanthus, epicanthus, arched eyebrows, and low-set ears. All five missense variants (p.His372Arg, p.Arg373Gln, p.Cys390Arg, p.Thr391Ile, and p.Thr391Pro) are located in two conserved motifs of the RecA-2 domain of DDX6 involved in RNA binding, helicase activity, and protein-partner binding. We use functional studies to demonstrate that the first variants identified (p.Arg373Gln and p.Cys390Arg) cause significant defects in PB assembly in primary fibroblast and model human cell lines. These variants' interactions with several protein partners were also disrupted in immunoprecipitation assays. Further investigation via complementation assays included the additional variants p.Thr391Ile and p.Thr391Pro, both of which, similarly to p.Arg373Gln and p.Cys390Arg, demonstrated significant defects in P-body assembly. Complementing these molecular findings, modeling of the variants on solved protein structures showed distinct spatial clustering near known protein binding regions. Collectively, our clinical and molecular data describe a neurodevelopmental syndrome associated with pathogenic missense variants in DDX6. Additionally, we suggest DDX6 join the DExD/H-box genes DDX3X and DHX30 in an emerging class of neurodevelopmental disorders involving RNA helicases.

3.
Am J Med Genet A ; 176(7): 1549-1558, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30160831

RESUMO

Chromosome 1q41-q42 deletions have recently been associated with a recognizable neurodevelopmental syndrome of early childhood (OMIM 612530). Within this group, a predominant phenotype of developmental delay (DD), intellectual disability (ID), epilepsy, distinct dysmorphology, and brain anomalies on magnetic resonance imaging/computed tomography has emerged. Previous reports of patients with de novo deletions at 1q41-q42 have led to the identification of an evolving smallest region of overlap which has included several potentially causal genes including DISP1, TP53BP2, and FBXO28. In a recent report, a cohort of patients with de novo mutations in WDR26 was described that shared many of the clinical features originally described in the 1q41-q42 microdeletion syndrome (MDS). Here, we describe a novel germline FBXO28 frameshift mutation in a 3-year-old girl with intractable epilepsy, ID, DD, and other features which overlap those of the 1q41-q42 MDS. Through a familial whole-exome sequencing study, we identified a de novo FBXO28 c.972_973delACinsG (p.Arg325GlufsX3) frameshift mutation in the proband. The frameshift and resulting premature nonsense mutation have not been reported in any genomic database. This child does not have a large 1q41-q42 deletion, nor does she harbor a WDR26 mutation. Our case joins a previously reported patient also in whom FBXO28 was affected but WDR26 was not. These findings support the idea that FBXO28 is a monogenic disease gene and contributes to the complex neurodevelopmental phenotype of the 1q41-q42 gene deletion syndrome.


Assuntos
Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/genética , Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Par 1/genética , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/genética , Epilepsia Resistente a Medicamentos/genética , Mutação da Fase de Leitura , Proteínas Ligases SKP Culina F-Box/genética , Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/patologia , Pré-Escolar , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/patologia , Epilepsia Resistente a Medicamentos/patologia , Exoma , Feminino , Humanos , Fenótipo , Prognóstico , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
4.
Semin Pediatr Neurol ; 26: 28-32, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29961512

RESUMO

Epileptic encephalopathies are childhood brain disorders characterized by a variety of severe epilepsy syndromes that differ by the age of onset and seizure type. Until recently, the cause of many epileptic encephalopathies was unknown. Whole exome or whole genome sequencing has led to the identification of several causal genes in individuals with epileptic encephalopathy, and the list of genes has now expanded greatly. Genetic testing with epilepsy gene panels is now done quite early in the evaluation of children with epilepsy, following brain imaging, electroencephalogram, and metabolic profile. Early infantile epileptic encephalopathy (EIEE1; OMIM #308350) is the earliest of these age-dependent encephalopathies, manifesting as tonic spasms, myoclonic seizures, or partial seizures, with severely abnormal electroencephalogram, often showing a suppression-burst pattern. In this case study, we describe a 33-month-old female child with severe, neonatal onset epileptic encephalopathy. An infantile epilepsy gene panel test revealed 2 novel heterozygous variants in the MECP2 gene; a 70-bp deletion resulting in a frameshift and truncation (p.Lys377ProfsX9) thought to be pathogenic, and a 6-bp in-frame deletion (p.His371_372del), designated as a variant of unknown significance. Based on this test result, the diagnosis of atypical Rett syndrome (RTT) was made. Family-based targeted testing and segregation analysis, however, raised questions about the pathogenicity of these specific MECP2 variants. Whole exome sequencing was performed in this family trio, leading to the discovery of a rare, de novo, missense mutation in GNAO1 (p. Leu284Ser). De novo, heterozygous mutations in GNAO1 have been reported to cause early infantile epileptic encephalopathy-17 (EIEE17; OMIM 615473). The child's severe phenotype, the family history and segregation analysis of variants and prior reports of GNAO1-linked disease allowed us to conclude that the GNAO1 mutation, and not the MECP2 variants, was the cause of this child's neurological disease. With the increased use of genetic panels and whole exome sequencing, we will be confronted with lists of gene variants suspected to be pathogenic or of unknown significance. It is important to integrate clinical information, genetic testing that includes family members and correlates this with the published clinical and scientific literature, to help one arrive at the correct genetic diagnosis.


Assuntos
Subunidades alfa Gi-Go de Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Síndrome de Rett/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Rett/genética , Espasmos Infantis/diagnóstico , Espasmos Infantis/genética , Pré-Escolar , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Erros de Diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Proteína 2 de Ligação a Metil-CpG/genética , Fenótipo
5.
PLoS One ; 13(6): e0198256, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29870545

RESUMO

Enzastaurin is a Protein Kinase C-ß selective inhibitor that was developed to treat cancers. Protein Kinase C-ß is an important enzyme for a variety of neuronal functions; in particular, previous rodent studies have reported deficits in spatial and fear-conditioned learning and memory with lower levels of Protein Kinase C-ß. Due to Enzastaurin's mechanism of action, the present study investigated the consequences of Enzastaurin exposure on learning and memory in 12-month-old Fischer-344 male rats. Rats were treated daily with subcutaneous injections of either vehicle or Enzastaurin, and behaviorally tested using the spatial reference memory Morris Water Maze. Rats treated with Enzastaurin exhibited decreased overnight retention and poorer performance on the latter testing day, indicating a mild, but significant, memory impairment. There were no differences during the probe trial indicating that all animals were able to spatially localize the platform to the proper quadrant by the end of testing. RNA isolated from the hippocampus was analyzed using Next Generation Sequencing (Illumina). No statistically significant transcriptional differences were noted. Our findings suggest that acute Enzastaurin treatment can impair hippocampal-based learning and memory performance, with no effects on transcription in the hippocampus. We propose that care should be taken in future clinical trials that utilize Protein Kinase C-ß inhibitors, to monitor for possible cognitive effects, future research should examine if these effects are fully reversible.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/metabolismo , Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Indóis/efeitos adversos , Transtornos da Memória , Memória/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Quinase C beta/antagonistas & inibidores , Envelhecimento/genética , Animais , Indóis/farmacologia , Masculino , Transtornos da Memória/induzido quimicamente , Transtornos da Memória/enzimologia , Proteína Quinase C beta/genética , Proteína Quinase C beta/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos F344
6.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 9: 383, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29276487

RESUMO

The current study employed next-generation RNA sequencing to examine gene expression differences related to brain aging, cognitive decline, and hippocampal subfields. Young and aged rats were trained on a spatial episodic memory task. Hippocampal regions CA1, CA3, and the dentate gyrus were isolated. Poly-A mRNA was examined using two different sequencing platforms, Illumina, and Ion Proton. The Illumina platform was used to generate seed lists of genes that were statistically differentially expressed across regions, ages, or in association with cognitive function. The gene lists were then retested using the data from the Ion Proton platform. The results indicate hippocampal subfield differences in gene expression and point to regional differences in vulnerability to aging. Aging was associated with increased expression of immune response-related genes, particularly in the dentate gyrus. For the memory task, impaired performance of aged animals was linked to the regulation of Ca2+ and synaptic function in region CA1. Finally, we provide a transcriptomic characterization of the three subfields regardless of age or cognitive status, highlighting and confirming a correspondence between cytoarchitectural boundaries and molecular profiling.

7.
Epigenomics ; 9(11): 1373-1386, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28967789

RESUMO

AIM: To explore differential DNA methylation (DNAm) in Aicardi syndrome (AIC), a severe neurodevelopmental disorder with largely unknown etiology. PATIENTS & METHODS: We characterized DNAm in AIC female patients and parents using the Illumina 450 K array. Differential DNAm was assessed using the local outlier factor algorithm, and results were validated via qPCR in a larger set of AIC female patients, parents and unrelated young female controls. Functional epigenetic modules analysis was used to detect pathways integrating both genome-wide DNAm and RNA-seq data. RESULTS & CONCLUSION: We detected differential methylation patterns in AIC patients in several neurodevelopmental and/or neuroimmunological networks. These networks may be part of the underlying pathogenic mechanisms involved in the disease.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Aicardi/genética , Metilação de DNA , Epigênese Genética , Adulto , Algoritmos , Feminino , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/métodos , Linhagem , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma/métodos
8.
F1000Res ; 6: 553, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28663785

RESUMO

Mutations disrupting presynaptic protein TBC1D24 are associated with a variable neurological phenotype, including DOORS syndrome, myoclonic epilepsy, early-infantile epileptic encephalopathy, and non-syndromic hearing loss. In this report, we describe a family segregating autosomal dominant epilepsy, and a 37-year-old Caucasian female with a severe neurological phenotype including epilepsy, Parkinsonism, psychosis, visual and auditory hallucinations, gait ataxia and intellectual disability. Whole exome sequencing revealed two missense mutations in the TBC1D24 gene segregating within this family (c.1078C>T; p.Arg360Cys and c.404C>T; p.Pro135Leu). The female proband who presents with a severe neurological phenotype carries both of these mutations in a compound heterozygous state. The p.Pro135Leu variant, however, is present in the proband's mother and sibling as well, and is consistent with an autosomal dominant pattern linked to tonic-clonic and myoclonic epilepsy. In conclusion, we describe a single family in which TBC1D24 mutations cause expanded dominant and recessive phenotypes. In addition, we discuss and highlight that some variants in TBC1D24 might cause a dominant susceptibility to epilepsy.

9.
Cold Spring Harb Mol Case Stud ; 2(5): a000851, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27626064

RESUMO

Recently, mutations in the zinc finger MYND-type containing 11 (ZMYND11) gene were identified in patients with autism spectrum disorders, intellectual disability, aggression, and complex neuropsychiatric features, supporting that this gene is implicated in 10p15.3 microdeletion syndrome. We report a novel de novo variant in the ZMYND11 gene (p.Ser421Asn) in a patient with a complex neurodevelopmental phenotype. The patient is a 24-yr-old Caucasian/Filipino female with seizures, global developmental delay, sensorineural hearing loss, hypotonia, dysmorphic features, and other features including a happy disposition and ataxic gait similar to Angelman syndrome. In addition, this patient had uncommon features including eosinophilic esophagitis and multiple, severe allergies not described in similar ZMYND11 cases. This new case further supports the association of ZMYND11 with autistic-like phenotypes and suggests that ZMYND11 should be included in the list of potentially causative candidate genes in cases with complex neurodevelopmental phenotypes.

10.
PLoS One ; 10(10): e0135076, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26474411

RESUMO

We have previously hypothesized a biological pathway of activity-dependent synaptic plasticity proteins that addresses the dual genetic and environmental contributions to schizophrenia. Accordingly, variations in the immediate early gene EGR3, and its target ARC, should influence schizophrenia susceptibility. We used a pooled Next-Generation Sequencing approach to identify variants across these genes in U.S. populations of European (EU) and African (AA) descent. Three EGR3 and one ARC SNP were selected and genotyped for validation, and three SNPs were tested for association in a replication cohort. In the EU group of 386 schizophrenia cases and 150 controls EGR3 SNP rs1877670 and ARC SNP rs35900184 showed significant associations (p = 0.0078 and p = 0.0275, respectively). In the AA group of 185 cases and 50 controls, only the ARC SNP revealed significant association (p = 0.0448). The ARC SNP did not show association in the Han Chinese (CH) population. However, combining the EU, AA, and CH groups revealed a highly significant association of ARC SNP rs35900184 (p = 2.353 x 10(-7); OR [95% CI] = 1.54 [1.310-1.820]). These findings support previously reported associations between EGR3 and schizophrenia. Moreover, this is the first report associating an ARC SNP with schizophrenia and supports recent large-scale GWAS findings implicating the ARC complex in schizophrenia risk. These results support the need for further investigation of the proposed pathway of environmentally responsive, synaptic plasticity-related, schizophrenia genes.


Assuntos
Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Proteína 3 de Resposta de Crescimento Precoce/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Esquizofrenia/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China/etnologia , Feminino , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Esquizofrenia/etnologia
11.
PLoS One ; 10(7): e0131797, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26176221

RESUMO

A 3-year-old female patient presenting with an unknown syndrome of a neonatal progeroid appearance, lipodystrophy, pulmonary hypertension, cutis marmorata, feeding disorder and failure to thrive was investigated by whole-genome sequencing. This revealed a de novo, heterozygous, frame-shift mutation in the Caveolin1 gene (CAV1) (p.Phe160X). Mutations in CAV1, encoding the main component of the caveolae in plasma membranes, cause Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy type 3 (BSCL). Although BSCL is recessive, heterozygous carriers either show a reduced phenotype of partial lipodystrophy, pulmonary hypertension, or no phenotype. To investigate the pathogenic mechanisms underlying this syndrome in more depth, we performed next generation RNA sequencing of peripheral blood, which showed several dysregulated pathways in the patient that might be related to the phenotypic progeroid features (apoptosis, DNA repair/replication, mitochondrial). Secondly, we found a significant down-regulation of known Cav1 interaction partners, verifying the dysfunction of CAV1. Other known progeroid genes and lipodystrophy genes were also dysregulated. Next, western blotting of lysates of cultured fibroblasts showed that the patient shows a significantly decreased expression of wild-type CAV1 protein, demonstrating a loss-of-function mutation, though her phenotype is more severe that other heterozygotes with similar mutations. This phenotypic variety could be explained by differences in genetic background. Indications for this are supported by additional rare variants we found in AGPAT2 and LPIN1 lipodystrophy genes. CAV1, AGPAT2 and LPIN1 all play an important role in triacylglycerol (TAG) biosynthesis in adipose tissue, and the defective function in different parts of this pathway, though not all to the same extend, could contribute to a more severe lipoatrophic phenotype in this patient. In conclusion, we report, for the first time, an association of CAV1 dysfunction with a syndrome of severe premature aging and lipodystrophy. This may contribute to a better understanding of the aging process and pathogenic mechanisms that contribute to premature aging.


Assuntos
Caveolina 1/genética , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/genética , Lipodistrofia Generalizada Congênita/genética , Progéria/genética , Aciltransferases/genética , Pré-Escolar , Códon sem Sentido , Feminino , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/patologia , Mutação da Fase de Leitura , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Lipodistrofia Generalizada Congênita/patologia , Fenótipo , Fosfatidato Fosfatase/genética , Progéria/patologia , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
12.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 56(6): 3896-904, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26091538

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Aicardi syndrome (AIC) is a congenital neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by infantile spasms, agenesis of the corpus callosum, and chorioretinal lacunae. Variation in phenotype and disease severity is well documented, but chorioretinal lacunae represent the most constant pathological feature. Aicardi syndrome is believed to be an X-linked-dominant disorder occurring almost exclusively in females, although 46, XY males with AIC have been described. The purpose of this study is to identify genetic factors and pathways involved in AIC. METHODS: We performed exome/genome sequencing of 10 children diagnosed with AIC and their parents and performed RNA sequencing on blood samples from nine cases, their parents, and unrelated controls. RESULTS: We identified a de novo mutation in autosomal gene TEAD1, expressed in the retina and brain, in a patient with AIC. Mutations in TEAD1 have previously been associated with Sveinsson's chorioretinal atrophy, characterized by chorioretinal degeneration. This demonstrates that TEAD1 mutations can lead to different chorioretinal complications. In addition, we found that altered expression of genes associated with synaptic plasticity, neuronal development, retinal development, and cell cycle control/apoptosis is an important underlying potential pathogenic mechanism shared among cases. Last, we found a case with skewed X inactivation, supporting the idea that nonrandom X inactivation might be important in AIC. CONCLUSIONS: We expand the phenotype of TEAD1 mutations, demonstrate its importance in chorioretinal complications, and propose the first putative pathogenic mechanisms underlying AIC. Our data suggest that AIC is a genetically heterogeneous disease and is not restricted to the X chromosome, and that TEAD1 mutations may be present in male patients.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Aicardi/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Mutação , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Análise Mutacional de DNA/métodos , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Análise de Sequência de RNA
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA