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1.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 12(1)2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35054327

RESUMO

Background: The latest Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) classification by the American College of Radiology has been recently endorsed in the American Association for the Study of Liver Disease (AASLD) guidelines for Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) management. Although the LI-RADS protocol has been developed as a diagnostic algorithm, there is some evidence concerning a possible correlation between different LI-RADS classes and specific pathological features of HCC. We aimed to investigate such radiological/pathological correlation and the possible prognostic implication of LI-RADS on a retrospective cohort of HCC patients undergoing surgical resection. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of the pathological characteristics of resected HCC, exploring their distribution among different LI-RADS classes and analyzing the risk factors for recurrence-free, overall and cancer-specific survival Results: LI-RADS-5 (LR-5) nodules showed a higher prevalence of microvascular invasion (MVI), satellitosis and capsule infiltration, as well as higher median values of alpha-fetoprotein (αFP) compared to LI-RADS-3/4 (LR-3/4) nodules. MVI, αFP, satellitosis and margin-positive (R1) resection resulted as independent risk factors for recurrence-free survival, while LI-RADS class did not exert any significant impact. Focusing on overall survival, we identified patient age, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG-PS), Model for End Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, αFP, MVI, satellitosis and R1 resection as independent risk factors for survival, without any impact of LI-RADS classification. Last, MELD score, log10αFP, satellitosis and R1 resection resulted as independent risk factors for cancer-specific survival, while LI-RADS class did not exert any significant impact. Conclusions: Our results suggest an association of LR-5 class with unfavorable pathological characteristics of resected HCC; tumor histology and underlying patient characteristics such as age, ECOG-PS and liver disease severity exert a significant impact on postoperative oncological outcomes.

2.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; : 15385744211068614, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34978227

RESUMO

A 34-year-old patient underwent liver transplantation for progressive hepatic failure in the setting of congenital hepatic fibrosis. In past medical history, the patient had undergone splenectomy with proximal Linton's splenorenal surgical shunt creation for symptomatic portal hypertension with hypersplenism. The patient developed an early allograft dysfunction, with radiologic evidence of a reduced portal flow associated to portal steal from the patent surgical shunt. The patient was successfully treated through endovascular placement of a 30 mm Amplatzer cardiac plug at the origin of the splenic vein.

3.
Am J Transplant ; 2021 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34954874

RESUMO

There is increasing evidence that early liver transplantation (eLT), performed within standardized protocols can improve survival in severe alcoholic hepatitis (sAH). The aim of the study was to assess outcomes after eLT for sAH in four Italian LT centers and to compare them with non-responders to medical therapy excluded from eLT. Patients admitted for sAH (2013-2019), according to NIAAA criteria, were included. Patients not responding to medical therapy were placed on the waiting list for eLT after a strict selection. Histological features of explanted livers were evaluated. Posttransplant survival and alcohol relapse were evaluated. Ninety-three patients with severe AH were evaluated (65.6% male, median [IQR] age: 47 [42-56] years). Forty-five of 93 patients received corticosteroids, 52 of 93 were non-responders and among these, 20 patients were waitlisted. Sixteen patients underwent LT. Overall, 6-, 12-, and 24-month survival rates were 100% significantly higher compared with non-responders to medical therapy who were denied LT (45%, 45%, and 36%; p < .001). 2/16 patients resumed alcohol intake, one at 164 days and one at 184 days. Early LT significantly improves survival in sAH non-responding to medical therapy, when a strict selection process is applied. Further studies are needed to properly assess alcohol relapse rates.

4.
J Hepatol ; 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34774638

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: In Italy, since August 2014, LT candidates with MELD≥30 receive a national allocation priority. This multi-center cohort study aims to evaluate waiting time in the list, dropout rate, and graft survival before and after introducing the macroarea sharing policy. METHODS: 4,238 patients registered from 2010 to 2018 have been enrolled and categorized in an ERA-1 Group (n=2,013; before August 2014) and an ERA-2 Group (n=2,225; during and after August 2014). Cox proportional hazard model was used to estimate the HR of receiving LT or death between the two ERAs. The Fine-Gray model was used to estimate the HR for dropout from the waiting list and graft loss, considering death as a competing risk event. A Fine-Gray model was also used to estimate risk factors of graft loss. RESULTS: MELD≥30 patients had a lower median waiting time in the list for LT (4vs.12 days, p<0.001) and a higher probability to be transplanted (HR=2.27, 95%CI 1.78-2.90; p=0.001) in the ERA-2 when compared to ERA-1. The subgroup analysis on 3,515 LTs confirmed ERA-2 (odds ratio=0.56, 95%CI=0.46-0.68; p=0.001) as a protective factor for better graft survival rate. The protective variables for lower dropouts on the waiting list were: ERA-2, high volume centers, no competition centers, male recipients, and hepatocellular carcinoma. The protective variables for graft loss were high volume center and ERA-2, while MELD≥30 remained related to a higher risk of graft loss. CONCLUSIONS: The national MELD≥30 priority allocation was associated with improved patient outcomes, although MELD≥30 had a higher risk of graft loss. The transplant centers volume and competition among centers may have a role in the recipient prioritization and outcome. CLINICAL TRIAL NUMBER: NCT04530240 LAY SUMMARY: After introducing the Italian national MELD≥30 priority, more LT, fewer dropouts, and shorter waiting times were observed in patients with MELD≥30. However, a higher risk of graft loss still burdens these cases compared to MELD<30. The volume of transplant centers and competitions among centers may have a role in the recipient prioritization and outcome.

5.
Exp Clin Transplant ; 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775944

RESUMO

We report a rare variant of the hepatic arterial supply observed during liver procurement from a 71-year-old female donor for whom an ischemic stroke caused brain death. Preoperative computed tomography showed a partially obliterated celiac trunk and an atypical arterial branch that coursed in a retropancreatic plane away from its origin at the superior mesenteric artery to anastomose with the common hepatic artery at the origin of the proper hepatic artery. The gastroduodenal artery and the dorsal pancreatic artery are the 2 conventional anastomotic arcades between the celiac trunk and the superior mesenteric artery. However, another potential anastomotic route is a rare physiological phenomenon known as the arc of Bühler, which, if present, connects the superior mesenteric artery with the celiac trunk or one of its branches. Although the arc of Bühler is known to occur in less than 3% of the general population, it could serve as a crucial anastomotic option in the case of median arcuate ligament syndrome or atheromatous obliteration of the celiac trunk. In our case, we were able to dissect and preserve the entire anastomotic arc from the donor. For arterial reconstruction during liver transplant, we anastomosed the arc of Bühler to the recipient's hepatic artery at the origin of the gastroduodenal artery. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the recipient was in good health at the 6-month follow-up. The arc of Bühler, when present, is an important anastomotic option in hepatobiliary surgery to avoid potential damage to the arterial supply of the liver.

7.
Updates Surg ; 2021 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601669

RESUMO

Laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) for Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a safe procedure. Repeat surgery is more often required, and the role of minimally invasive liver surgery (MILS) is not yet clearly defined. The present study analyzes data compiled by the Italian Group of Minimally Invasive Liver Surgery (IGoMILS) on LLR. To compare repeated LLR with the first LLR for HCC is the primary endpoint. The secondary endpoint was to evaluate the outcome of repeat LLR in the case of primary open versus primary MILS surgery. The data cohort is divided into two groups. Group 1: first liver resection and Group 2: Repeat LLR. To compare the two groups a 3:1 Propensity Score Matching is performed to analyze open versus MILS primary resection. Fifty-two centers were involved in the present study, and 1054 patients were enrolled. 80 patients underwent to a repeat LLR. The type of resection was different, with more major resections in the group 1 before matching the two groups. After propensity score matching 3:1, each group consisted of 222 and 74 patients. No difference between the two groups was observed. In the subgroup analysis, in 44 patients the first resection was performed by an open approach. The other 36 patients were resected with a MILS approach. We found no difference between these two subgroups of patients. The present study in repeat MILS for HCC using the IGoMILS Registry has observed the feasibility and safety of the MILS procedure.

8.
J Hepatol ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655663

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To identify the best possible outcomes in liver transplantation from donation after circulatory death donors (DCD) and to propose outcome values, which serve as reference for individual liver recipients or patient groups. METHODS: Based on 2219 controlled DCD liver transplantations, collected from 17 centres in North America and Europe, we identified 1012 low-risk, primary, adult liver transplantations with a laboratory MELD of ≤20points, receiving a DCD liver with a total donor warm ischemia time of ≤30minutes and asystolic donor warm ischemia time of ≤15minutes. Clinically relevant outcomes were selected and complications were reported according to the Clavien-Dindo-Grading and the Comprehensive Complication Index (CCI). Corresponding benchmark cut-offs were based on median values of each centre, where the 75th-percentile was considered. RESULTS: Benchmark cases represented between 19.7% and 75% of DCD transplantations in participating centers. The one-year retransplant and mortality rate was 5.23% and 9.01%, respectively. Within the first year of follow-up, 51.1% of recipients developed at least one major complication (≥Clavien-Dindo-Grade-III). Benchmark cut-offs were ≤3days and ≤16days for ICU and hospital stay, ≤66% for severe recipient complications (≥Grade-III), ≤16.8% for ischemic cholangiopathy, and ≤38.9CCI points at one-year posttransplant. Comparisons with higher risk groups showed more complications and impaired graft survival, outside the benchmark cut-offs. Organ perfusion techniques reduced the complications to values below benchmark cut-offs, despite higher graft risk. CONCLUSIONS: Despite excellent 1-year survival, morbidity in benchmark cases remains high with more than half of recipients developing severe complications during 1-year follow-up. Benchmark cut-offs targeting morbidity parameters offer a valid tool to assess the protective value of new preservation technologies in higher risk groups, and provide a valid comparator cohort for future clinical trials. LAY SUMMARY: The best possible outcomes after liver transplantation of grafts donated after circulatory death (DCD) were defined using the concept of benchmarking. These were based on 2219 liver transplantations following controlled DCD donation in 17 centres worldwide. The following benchmark cut-offs for the most relevant outcome parameters were developed: ICU and hospital stay: ≤3 and ≤16 days; primary non function: ≤2.5%; renal replacement therapy: ≤9.6%; ischemic cholangiopathy: ≤16.8% and anastomotic strictures ≤28.4%. One-year graft loss and mortality were defined as ≤14.4% and 9.6%, respectively. Donor and recipient combinations with higher risk had significantly worse outcomes. The use of novel organ perfusion technology achieved similar, good results in this high-risk group with prolonged donor warm ischemia time, when compared to the benchmark cohort.

10.
Am J Transplant ; 21(12): 3919-3925, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467627

RESUMO

COVID-19 pandemic dramatically impacted transplantation landscape. Scientific societies recommend against the use of donors with active SARS-CoV-2 infection. Italian Transplant Authority recommended to test recipients/donors for SARS-CoV-2-RNA immediately before liver transplant (LT) and, starting from November 2020, grafts from deceased donors with active SARS-CoV-2 infection were allowed to be considered for urgent-need transplant candidates with active/resolved COVID-19. We present the results of the first 10 LTs with active COVID-19 donors within an Italian multicenter series. Only two recipients had a positive molecular test at LT and one of them remained positive up to 21 days post-LT. None of the other eight recipients was found to be SARS-CoV-2 positive during follow-up. IgG against SARS-CoV-2 at LT were positive in 80% (8/10) of recipients, and 71% (5/7) showed neutralizing antibodies, expression of protective immunity related to recent COVID-19. In addition, testing for SARS-CoV-2 RNA on donors' liver biopsy at transplantation was negative in 100% (9/9), suggesting a very low risk of transmission with LT. Immunosuppression regimen remained unchanged, according to standard protocol. Despite the small number of cases, these data suggest that transplanting livers from donors with active COVID-19 in informed candidates with SARS-CoV-2 immunity, might contribute to safely increase the donor pool.

13.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(15)2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34359560

RESUMO

Cholangiocarcinoma accounts for approximately 10% of all hepatobiliary tumors and represents 3% of all new-diagnosed malignancies worldwide. Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (i-CCA) accounts for 10% of all cases, perihilar (h-CCA) cholangiocarcinoma represents two-thirds of the cases, while distal cholangiocarcinoma accounts for the remaining quarter. Originally described by Klatskin in 1965, h-CCA represents one of the most challenging tumors for hepatobiliary surgeons, mainly because of the anatomical vascular relationships of the biliary confluence at the hepatic hilum. Surgery is the only curative option, with the goal of a radical, margin-negative (R0) tumor resection. Continuous efforts have been made by hepatobiliary surgeons in order to achieve R0 resections, leading to the progressive development of aggressive approaches that include extended hepatectomies, associating liver partition, and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy, pre-operative portal vein embolization, and vascular resections. i-CCA is an aggressive biliary cancer that arises from the biliary epithelium proximal to the second-degree bile ducts. The incidence of i-CCA is dramatically increasing worldwide, and surgical resection is the only potentially curative therapy. An aggressive surgical approach, including extended liver resection and vascular reconstruction, and a greater application of systemic therapy and locoregional treatments could lead to an increase in the resection rate and the overall survival in selected i-CCA patients. Improvements achieved over the last two decades and the encouraging results recently reported have led to liver transplantation now being considered an appropriate indication for CCA patients.

14.
Transpl Int ; 34(9): 1712-1721, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34448275

RESUMO

Although the diagnostic value of Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) protocol is well recognized in clinical practice, its role in liver transplant (LT) setting is under-explored. We sought to evaluate the oncological impact of LI-RADS classification applied to Metroticket 2.0 calculator in a single-centre retrospective cohort of transplanted hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients, exploring which LI-RADS subclasses need to be considered in order to grant the best Metroticket 2.0 performance. The most recent pre-LT imaging of 245 patients undergoing LT for HCC between 2005 and 2015 was retrospectively and blindly reviewed, classifying all nodules according to LI-RADS protocol. Metroticket 2.0 accuracy was subsequently tested incorporating all vital nodules identified during multi-disciplinary team (MDT) meetings attended before LI-RADS reclassification of the latest pre-LT imaging, LR-5 and LR-treatment-viable (LR-TR-V), LR-4/5 and LR-TR-V, and LR-3/4/5 and LR-TR-V nodules respectively. Considering their extremely low probability for harbouring HCC, LR-1 and LR-2 nodules were not considered in this analysis. Incorporation of all HCCs identified during MDT meetings attended before LI-RADS reclassification of the latest pre-LT imaging resulted in a Metroticket 2.0 c-index of 0.72, [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.64-0.80]. Metroticket 2.0 c-index dropped to 0.60 [95% CI: 0.48-0.72] when LI-RADS-5 and LI-RADS-TR-V (P = 0.0089) or LI-RADS-5, LI-RADS-4 and LI-RADS-TR-V (P = 0.0068) nodules were entered in the calculator. Conversely, addition of LI-RADS-3 HCCs raised the Metroticket 2.0 c-index to 0.65 [95% CI: 0.54-0.86], resulting in a not statistically significant diversion from the original performance (0.72 vs. 0.65; P = 0.08). Exclusion of LR-3 and LR-4 nodules from Metroticket 2.0 calculator resulted in a significant drop in its accuracy. Every nodule with an intermediate-to-high probability of harbouring HCC according to LI-RADS protocol seems to contribute to tumour burden and should be entered in the Metroticket 2.0 calculator in order to grant appropriate performance.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Transplante de Fígado , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Meios de Contraste , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
15.
Transplantation ; 105(9): 1892-1903, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34416750

RESUMO

Although the utilization of donation after circulatory death donors (DCDs) for liver transplantation (LT) has increased steadily, much controversy remains, and no common acceptance criteria exist with regard to donor and recipient risk factors and prediction models. A consensus conference was organized by International Liver Transplantation Society on January 31, 2020, in Venice, Italy, to review the current clinical practice worldwide regarding DCD-LT and to develop internationally accepted guidelines. The format of the conference was based on the grade system. International experts in this field were allocated to 6 working groups and prepared evidence-based recommendations to answer-specific questions considering the currently available literature. Working group members and conference attendees served as jury to edit and confirm the final recommendations presented at the end of the conference by each working group separately. This report presents the final statements and recommendations provided by working group 2, covering the entire spectrum of donor and recipient risk factors and prediction models in DCD-LT.


Assuntos
Seleção do Doador , Doença Hepática Terminal/cirurgia , Transplante de Fígado/normas , Doadores de Tecidos/provisão & distribuição , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Consenso , Doença Hepática Terminal/diagnóstico , Doença Hepática Terminal/mortalidade , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/normas , Humanos , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34291591

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The benefits of pure laparoscopic and robot-assisted liver resections (LLR and RALR) are known in comparison to open surgery. The aim of the present retrospective comparative study is to investigate the role of RALR and LLR according to different levels of difficulty. METHODS: The institutional databases of six high-volume hepatobiliary centers were retrospectively reviewed. The study population was divided in two groups: LLR and RALR. The procedures were stratified for difficulty levels accordingly to three classifications. A propensity score matching was implemented to mitigate selection bias. Short-term outcomes were the object of comparison. RESULTS: Nine hundred and thirty-six LLR and 403 RALR were collected. RALR exhibited fewer cases of intraoperative blood loss, lower transfusion and conversion rates (especially for oncological radicality) than LLR in the setting of highly difficult operations, whereas LLR had lower postoperative morbidity and fewer low-grade complications. For intermediate and low-difficulty resections, the intraoperative advantages of RALR gradually decreased to nonsignificant results and LLR remained associated with lower postoperative morbidity. CONCLUSION: Robot-assisted liver resections do not show operative nor clinically significant benefits over LLR for low- and intermediate-difficulty resections. By reducing conversion rates, RALR can favour the operative feasibility of difficult resections possibly extending the indications of minimally invasive approaches for liver resection.

17.
Gut ; 70(10): 1914-1924, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281984

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Explore the impact of COVID-19 on patients on the waiting list for liver transplantation (LT) and on their post-LT course. DESIGN: Data from consecutive adult LT candidates with COVID-19 were collected across Europe in a dedicated registry and were analysed. RESULTS: From 21 February to 20 November 2020, 136 adult cases with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection from 33 centres in 11 European countries were collected, with 113 having COVID-19. Thirty-seven (37/113, 32.7%) patients died after a median of 18 (10-30) days, with respiratory failure being the major cause (33/37, 89.2%). The 60-day mortality risk did not significantly change between first (35.3%, 95% CI 23.9% to 50.0%) and second (26.0%, 95% CI 16.2% to 40.2%) waves. Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed Laboratory Model for End-stage Liver Disease (Lab-MELD) score of ≥15 (Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) score 15-19, HR 5.46, 95% CI 1.81 to 16.50; MELD score≥20, HR 5.24, 95% CI 1.77 to 15.55) and dyspnoea on presentation (HR 3.89, 95% CI 2.02 to 7.51) being the two negative independent factors for mortality. Twenty-six patients underwent an LT after a median time of 78.5 (IQR 44-102) days, and 25 (96%) were alive after a median follow-up of 118 days (IQR 31-170). CONCLUSIONS: Increased mortality in LT candidates with COVID-19 (32.7%), reaching 45% in those with decompensated cirrhosis (DC) and Lab-MELD score of ≥15, was observed, with no significant difference between first and second waves of the pandemic. Respiratory failure was the major cause of death. The dismal prognosis of patients with DC supports the adoption of strict preventative measures and the urgent testing of vaccination efficacy in this population. Prior SARS-CoV-2 symptomatic infection did not affect early post-transplant survival (96%).


Assuntos
COVID-19/mortalidade , Transplante de Fígado , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Transplantados , Causas de Morte , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2 , Listas de Espera
19.
Updates Surg ; 73(4): 1247-1265, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34089501

RESUMO

At the time of diagnosis synchronous colorectal cancer, liver metastases (SCRLM) account for 15-25% of patients. If primary tumour and synchronous liver metastases are resectable, good results may be achieved performing surgical treatment incorporated into the chemotherapy regimen. So far, the possibility of simultaneous minimally invasive (MI) surgery for SCRLM has not been extensively investigated. The Italian surgical community has captured the need and undertaken the effort to establish a National Consensus on this topic. Four main areas of interest have been analysed: patients' selection, procedures, techniques, and implementations. To establish consensus, an adapted Delphi method was used through as many reiterative rounds were needed. Systematic literature reviews were conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses instructions. The Consensus took place between February 2019 and July 2020. Twenty-six Italian centres participated. Eighteen clinically relevant items were identified. After a total of three Delphi rounds, 30-tree recommendations reached expert consensus establishing the herein presented guidelines. The Italian Consensus on MI surgery for SCRLM indicates possible pathways to optimise the treatment for these patients as consensus papers express a trend that is likely to become shortly a standard procedure for clinical pictures still on debate. As matter of fact, no RCT or relevant case series on simultaneous treatment of SCRLM are available in the literature to suggest guidelines. It remains to be investigated whether the MI technique for the simultaneous treatment of SCRLM maintain the already documented benefit of the two separate surgeries.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Consenso , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Itália , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia
20.
Transpl Int ; 34(10): 1948-1958, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34145653

RESUMO

The impact of donor age on the recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after liver transplantation is still debated. Between 2002 and 2014, all patients transplanted for HCC in 2 European liver transplantation tertiary centres were retrospectively reviewed. Risk factors for HCC recurrence were assessed using competing risk analysis, and the impact of donor age < or ≥65 years and < or ≥80 years was specifically evaluated after propensity score matching. 728 patients transplanted with a median follow-up of 86 months were analysed. The 1-, 3- and 5-year recurrence rates were 4.9%, 10.7% and 13.9%, respectively. In multivariable analysis, recipient age (sHR: 0.96 [0.93; 0.98], P < 0.01), number of lesions (sHR: 1.05 [1.04; 1.06], P < 0.001), maximum size of the lesions (sHR: 1.37 [1.27; 1.48], P < 0.01), presence of a hepatocholangiocarcinoma (sHR: 6.47 [2.91; 14.38], P < 0.01) and microvascular invasion (sHR: 3.48 [2.42; 5.02], P < 0.01) were significantly associated with HCC recurrence. After propensity score matching, neither donor age ≥65 (P = 0.29) nor donor age ≥80 (P = 0.84) years increased the risk of HCC recurrence. In conclusion, donor age was not found to be a risk factor for HCC recurrence. Patients listed for HCC can receive a graft from an elderly donor without compromising the outcome.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Transplante de Fígado , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Doadores Vivos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
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